Skip to main content

Social history

Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings
Scope Note: Here are entered works on the history of social structures, institutions, interaction, stability, problems, change, etc., treated collectively. Works on the theory of social change as well as social change in particular places are entered under Social change.

Found in 42 Collections and/or Records:

Alexis I. du Pont family papers

Identifier: 2659
Abstract: Dr. Alexis Irénée du Pont (1843-1904) was a businessman and non-practicing physician who resided in both Louisville, Kentucky, and Wilmington, Delaware. He was a grandson of Éleuthère Irénée du Pont de Nemours (1771-1834), the eponymous founder of the E.I. du Pont de Nemours & Company in Wilmington, Delaware, and son of Alexis Irénée du Pont (1816-1857) and Joanna Maria Smith du Pont (1815-1876). The collection contains correspondence between Alexis I. du Pont Jr. and his mother Joanna while he was attending the Episcopal Academy in Philadelphia. In addition, there are also letters from his father and sister.
Dates: 1854-1858

Allen family papers

Identifier: 1978
Abstract: Horatio Allen (1802-1889) was a noted civil engineer and inventor, who worked with the Delaware & Hudson Canal Company, the South Carolina Canal and Railroad Company, the Croton Aqueduct, and the New York & Erie Railroad. The bulk of his the papers is personal correspondence (1818-1864), and biographical materials collected by his family. Also included is a small collection of Allen's business papers, particularly concerning his work on the New York & Erie Railroad.
Dates: 1818-1925

Brandywine Valley oral history interviewees' photographs

Identifier: 2017-225
Abstract: Hagley Museum staff conducted a series oral history interviews between 1954 and 1990, speaking primarily with individuals who had worked at the DuPont Company powder yards on Brandywine Creek during the yards’ final decades of operation or who had lived near the yards as spouses or children of DuPont Co. workers. Some of the individuals who were interviewed donated, lent for copying, or provided information on the photographs in this collection. The images primarily depict the worker communities which surrounded the E.I. du Pont de Nemours & Company powder yards on Brandywine Creek or the powder yards themselves.
Dates: circa 1859-1958; Majority of material found within 1890-1920

Correspondence between David Sarnoff and Ethel Lippman

Identifier: 2508
Abstract: Ethel Lippman (1891-1987) and David Sarnoff (1891-1971) were friends in their youth; her parents supposedly objected to their marriage. The collection consists of a few copies of Ethel Lippman's handwritten letters and all of David Sarnoff's replies.
Dates: 1917-1970; Majority of material found within 1950-1970

Crofton and Shubrick family correspondence

Identifier: 1205
Abstract: The Crofton and Shubrick families were descendants of a prominent French American diplomat and businessman, Victor Marie du Pont (1767-1827), and represent middle-class American women in the mid-to-late nineteenth century. Two generations of women married military men who were stationed across the world. This collection spans three generations of women (Julia du Pont Shubrick, Gabrielle Josephine Shubrick Crofton, and Julia du Pont Crofton Walcutt) from these families and contains correspondence regarding everyday life.
Dates: 1852-1898

David Thomas papers

Identifier: 2197
Abstract: David Thomas (1794-1882) was a Pennsylvania iron manufacturer who introduced into the United States the use of anthracite coal in the manufacture of pig iron. The papers consist of typed transcripts twelve letters, the bulk of which were sent by David Thomas to his niece, Jane Harris Bowen, and nephew, David Harris, in Wales. The letters deal primarily with family news, but Thomas also writes about general business conditions, the level of prices and wages and the Civil War.
Dates: 1862-1872

Du Pont de Nemours correspondence (photocopies)

Identifier: 0591
Abstract: Pierre Samuel du Pont de Nemours was a French political economist, writer, publisher, and public administrator. He was an advocate for a national educational system and promoted Franco-American trade relations. Francoise (Robin) Poivre du Pont was his second wife. His grandson, Samuel Francis du Pont (1803-1865) was an Admiral in the United States Navy and fought in the Mexican-American War and the Civil War. This collection consists of twenty-three photocopied letters, primarily from Pierre Samuel du Pont de Nemours (1739-1817), but also Francoise du Pont de Nemours (1748-1831) and Samuel Francis du Pont (1803-1865). The correspondence is primarily to Marie Anne Lavoisier Thompson (1758-1836), a French chemist and close friend of the family.
Dates: 1788-1818; undated

Frank E. Schoonover negatives

Identifier: 2017-239
Abstract: Based in Wilmington, Delaware, Frank Earle Schoonover (1877-1972) was a prolific commercial illustrator, artist, and avid photographer. Over the course of a six-decade career, he completed more than twenty-five hundred works, primarily illustrations for magazines and books but also landscapes, portraits, murals, book plates, sculpture, and stained-glass windows. This collection consists of negatives taken by Schoonover, largely for use as source material for his artwork. There are also images of his artwork, restoration projects, and him, his family, and friends.
Dates: 1898-1972; Majority of material found within 1898-1911

Gabrielle Josephine Crofton diaries

Identifier: 1767
Abstract: Gabrielle Crofton (1873-1952) was the daughter of Gabrielle Josephine Shubrick (1835-1894) and Robert Erskine Anderson Crofton (1834-1898), and the great-granddaughter of Victor Marie du Pont (1767-1827), a prominent French American diplomat and businessman. The collection consists of two diaries, dating from 1917 to 1926, and reflect the leisured life of a middle-class, unmarried woman in the first quarter of the twentieth century United States.
Dates: 1917-1926

Gabrielle Josephine Shubrick Crofton papers

Identifier: 1313
Abstract: Gabrielle Shubrick Crofton (1835-1894) was the daughter of Irvine Shubrick (1797-1849) and Julia du Pont (1806-1882), and the wife of Colonel Robert Crofton (1834-1898). His military service meant the family moved to where he was stationed. The papers consist primarily of correspondence between Crofton and her husband and mother, including an eight-year span living in army posts in the Dakota Territory.
Dates: 1822-1872

Hiebler family papers

Identifier: 2593
Abstract: The Hiebler family papers include documents pertaining to four generations. The bulk of the collection consists of letters written by Alfred I. du Pont to his grandsons Bayard Hiebler and Benno Hiebler, dated 1927 to 1935.
Dates: 1911-1982; Majority of material found within 1927-1935

Jean Kane Foulke du Pont invitations

Identifier: 1310
Abstract: Jean Kane Foulke du Pont (1891-1985) was a suffragette, prison reform activist, philanthropist, and wife of E. Paul du Pont (1887-1950). The collection contains invitations, mostly to weddings, but also to cocktail parties and debutante balls.
Dates: 1932-1971

Joshua Gilpin letterbook on microfilm

Identifier: 0789
Abstract: Joshua Gilpin (1765-1841) was a merchant and paper manufacturer in Delaware. This collection is a microfilm of letters in a scrapbook, including correspondence from Gilpin, Thomas Gilpin (1776-1853), and others.
Dates: 1770-1848

La philosophie de l'univers, by Pierre Samuel du Pont de Nemours

Identifier: 2254
Abstract: Pierre Samuel du Pont de Nemours (1739-1817) was a French political economist, writer, publisher, and public administrator. He was an advocate for a national educational system and promoted Franco-American trade relations. This is a printed copy of the third edition of La philosophie de l'univers (The Philosophy of the Universe), written by du Pont de Nemours in 1799, redated to 1814, with numerous revisions and additions in the form of annotations and interleavings. It is much more introspective than earlier editions and reveals a good deal about du Pont de Nemours' worldview as he was approaching the end of his life. The revised text is part philosophy and part memoir and includes long sections about death, religion, gender, and reincarnation that were not present in earlier editions.
Dates: 1799; 1814

Louise du Pont Crowninshield letters

Identifier: 1958
Abstract: Louise du Pont Crowninshield (1877-1958) was an early leader in the field of historic preservation and a collector of antiques and hooked rugs. This collection includes two letters addressed to Nell (McCall) Pringle (1879-1937), of Charleston, South Carolina.
Dates: 1929-1930

Margaret Izard Manigault papers

Identifier: 0502
Abstract: Manigault's papers consist of her own diaries and correspondence between her and Gabrielle Josephine du Pont (1770-1836), both which document the life of a female member of Charleston's merchant-planter elite during the Early National Period, and the web of connections linking Charleston, New York and Philadelphia society.
Dates: 1779-1857

Margaretta du Pont Coleman papers

Identifier: 2027
Abstract: The Margaretta E. "Meta" du Pont Coleman Papers primarily consist of family correspondence collected by Meta Coleman.
Dates: 1852-1915

Margaretta Lammot du Pont correspondence

Identifier: 1443
Abstract: Margaretta Lammot du Pont (1807-1898) was the wife of Alfred Victor du Pont (1798-1856), who worked for E.I. du Pont de Nemours & Co. This collection correspondence to du Pont from Joseph D. Reinboth, of Pennsylvania, and her grandson, T. Coleman du Pont (1863-1930).
Dates: 1888-1898

Mary Belin du Pont inbound letters

Identifier: 2228
Abstract: Mary Belin (1839-1913) married Lammot du Pont (1831-1884) and had eleven children, many who were prominent in the building up of the E.I. du Pont de Nemours & Company. The volume consists of a typed transcript of letters originally sent to Mary Belin du Pont (1839-1913) by her daughters Louisa ("La") (1868-1926), Sophie M. ("Tabby") (1871-1894), Isabella ("Bella") (1882-1946), and Margaretta ("Peg") (1884-1973) in 1894. The letters center around a single incident wherein Sophie, who was suffering from tuberculosis, was sent to Colorado Springs for a cure.
Dates: 1894

Natalie Wilson du Pont and family papers

Identifier: 1493
Abstract: The Wilson and du Pont families were prominent families in the Wilmington, Delaware area. The papers document the daily activities of three generations of Natalies: Natalie Green Driver (Wilson)(1846-1912), Natalie Driver Wilson (du Pont)(1877-1918), and Natalie Wilson du Pont (Edmonds)(1904-1975).
Dates: 1815-1969

Nora C. Edwards papers

Identifier: 2036
Abstract: Nora C. Edwards (1869-1962) was the manager and inventor for the Edwards Skirt Supporter Company, established around 1903 in Spooner, Wisconsin. Her papers are both personal and business and consist of letters she received from family members, agents, friends, and patent attorneys.
Dates: 1887-1917

Oral histories on work and daily life in the Brandywine Valley

Identifier: 1970-370
Abstract: The collection comprises approximately 200 oral history interviews with 152 individuals conducted by museum staff between 1954 and 1990. The majority of the individuals interviewed had either worked at the DuPont Company powder yards on Brandywine Creek during the yards’ final decades of operation or had lived in the surrounding communities, although the collection also includes interviews with those who worked in other local industries. The interviews are largely biographical in nature covering a period from about 1900 to 1960 and address a wide range of subjects relating to daily life and work in the Brandywine Valley.
Dates: 1954-1990

Oral history interviews on Wallace Carothers

Identifier: 1994-311
Abstract: Wallace Hume Carothers (1896-1937) was chemist and inventor of Neoprene artificial rubber and Nylon synthetic fiber. He worked as a chemist in E.I. du Pont de Nemours & Company's Fundamental Research Program from 1928 until his death in 1937. This collection contains five interviews conducted in July and August of 1978 with Wallace Carothers’s friends and colleagues. The interviewees primarily share stories and focus on their feelings surrounding Carothers’s personality, work, and suicide.
Dates: 1978

Oral history interviews with John J. Raskob family

Identifier: 2004-208
Abstract: John Raskob (1879-1950) was a financial executive for the E.I. du Pont de Nemours & Co., General Motors, and financier of the Empire State Building. During the 1920s Raskob became active in Democratic Party politics and from 1928 to 1932 served as chairman of the Democratic National Committee. He was an important financial backer of Governor Alfred E. Smith (1873-1944) when he ran for president in 1928. This collection consists of seven oral history interviews conducted between 2004 and 2005 with members of John J. Raskob’s immediate family, primarily his children and grandchildren. The interviews are largely personal in nature and often focus on family relationships.
Dates: 2004-2005

Oral history project notes on Wallace Hume Carothers

Identifier: 1985
Abstract: Wallace Hume Carothers (1896-1937) was a chemist and inventor of Neoprene artificial rubber and Nylon synthetic fiber. He worked as a chemist in E.I. du Pont de Nemours & Company's Fundamental Research Program from 1928 until his death in 1937. The records include the handwritten transcripts of a series of interviews with persons who knew and worked with Carothers, conducted in 1978 and 1979. The interviews were conducted by Adeline Bassett Cook Strange (1917-2004), a teacher, researcher, and volunteer who spent her life dedicated to various charitable projects around Wilmington, Delaware.
Dates: 1925-1979; Majority of material found within 1978-1979

Pierre Gentieu family archives

Identifier: 2019-206
Abstract: Pierre Gentieu (1842-1930) was an artist, photographer, and an employee of the DuPont Company for thirty-four years. Pierre Gentieu and his wife, Sarah Albina "Binie" Gentieu (1846-1925) had six children. Although three children had no issue, they had nine grandchildren and twenty great grandchildren. All six children worked for the DuPont Co. and several grandchildren did as well. This collection consists of nine albums that document the Gentieu family history, primarily the life of the patriarch of the family Pierre Gentieu (1842-1930). The albums contain originals and reproductions of correspondence, family trees, documents, photographs, and ephemera.
Dates: 1860-1999

Pierre Samuel du Pont de Nemours letters to Philippe Nicolas Harmand

Identifier: 0023
Abstract: Pierre Samuel du Pont de Nemours (1739-1817) was a French political economist, writer, publisher, and public administrator. At the onset of the French Revolution, he served as a member of the Assemblée Nationale Constituante, where he allied himself with the moderate Girondist faction. After the leader of the Jacobin movement, Maximilien Robespierre (1758-1794), took power, du Pont was arrested in July 1794, but he escaped execution. On January 3, 1800, accompanied by his sons, he arrived in America. This small collection consists primairly of letters from du Pont de Nemours to Philippe Nicolas Harmand (1759-1839), director of pensions under the Empire, then first clerk for the Public Debt from 1814 to 1821. Harmand was the tutor of du Pont de Nemour's sons and a loyal family friend. Harmand brought du Pont de Nemours food during his period of concealment. These letters include references to financial and business affairs, as well as personal and family news.
Dates: 1771-1839

Portia L. Young scrapbook and diary

Identifier: 2655
Abstract: Porta L. Young (1920-2015) was part owner of a mom-and-pop family furniture store, Kepner & Romich Furniture Store, in Pottstown, Pennsylvania. The album was prepared by Young to document her family's activities between June 6, 1964 and April 2, 1965. Like a scrapbook, it contains a wide assortment of objects and ephemeral literature, including Christmas, birthday and valentine cards, snapshots, tourist literature and souvenirs, picture postcards, guide maps, programs, tickets, newspaper clippings, and pin-back buttons issued to visitors and in the 1964 presidential race, down to placemats, decorative sugar packets, cardboard badges and a dried magnolia leaf from Mount Vernon. Unlike many family scrapbooks, each object or group of objects is accompanied by substantial typed text describing the family's experiences and reactions.
Dates: 1964-1965

Samuel Francis du Pont letter to Robert C. Winthrop

Identifier: 1014
Abstract: Samuel Francis du Pont (1803-1865) was an Admiral in the United States Navy and fought in the Mexican-American War and the Civil War. He was the fourth child and second surviving son of Victor Marie du Pont (1767-1827) and his wife, Gabrielle Joséphine de la Fite de Pelleport (1770-1837). The letter from du Pont to R.C. Winthrop (1809-1894) includes an invitation to visit.
Dates: 1864 October 25

Samuel Francis Du Pont letters to Joel Turrill and Joseph Henry

Identifier: 1456
Abstract: Samuel Francis du Pont (1803-1865) was an Admiral in the United States Navy and fought in the Mexican-American War and the Civil War. The collection contains letters to Joel Turrill (1794-1859) and Joseph Henry (1797-1878). The letters to Turrill are personal in content, referring to their friendship which dated back to 1845 when they both served on the U.S.S. Congress. The letter to Henry references controvery in the Senate involving Henry, likely concerning the Light-House Board.
Dates: 1852-1856

Simon B. Camacho papers

Identifier: 2704
Abstract: Simon Bolivar Camacho (1859-1906) was a traveling sales representative for the American Bank Note Company, a dominant American producer of bank notes, stock and bond certificates and similar commercial paper. The collection includes his diaries between 1892 and 1904, mostly relating to business travels in Latin America, but also containing information on daily events in the New York City area, news of the day, and domestic, personal and religious reflections.
Dates: 1859-1906

Spruance family miscellany

Identifier: 1021
Abstract: William Corbit Spruance (1873-1935) was an electrical engineer and Vice President in Charge of Production at E.I. du Pont de Nemours & Company. His wife, Alice Moore Lea Spruance (1876-1967), was a member of a Wilmington, Delaware, flour-milling dynasty. Spruance family miscellany contains threes letters, two regarding a forestry bill and one a thank you letter. Additionally, there are two copies of a newspaper article titled "This was the Civil War".
Dates: 1924-1932

Tallman family papers

Identifier: 0419
Abstract: The collection consists of correspondence, legal papers, notebooks, and memorabilia relating to the Tallman family, although the bulk of materials pertain to Frank Gifford Tallman.
Dates: 1799-1949

Thomas H. Savery diaries

Identifier: 0291
Scope and Contents: Personal and business diaries of Thomas Savery documenting his career from 1864 to 1910 that include technical drawings and experimental data used in developing his patented papermaking machinery. Savery's career as machine shop foreman and general manager at Pusey & Jones is also described. The day to day activities of the shops in which he worked are detailed as well as his income, expenses, and investments. Among projects noted is the construction of Machinery Hall at the 1876 Centennial Exhibition. There are also discussions of his involvement in the Harper Ferry Electric Light & Power Company, York Haven Water & Power Company and York Haven Paper Company. There is a volume detailing his involvement in the Denver pulp and paper industry. Savery's involvement with the Wilmington Board of Trade and the Society of Friends are described in these volumes. There are also numerous notations on his personal and cultural life.
Dates: 1864-1910

Thomas H. Savery journals

Identifier: 1936
Abstract: Thomas H. Savery (1837-1910) was president of Pusey, Jones and Company, a ship builder and manufacturer of papermaking machinery in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Thomas H. Savery, Jr. (1871-1930), the second son of Savery, followed in his father's footsteps in the pulp and paper industry. The records consist of two private journals from the youth of Thomas H. Savery and his son, Thomas H. Savery, Jr.
Dates: 1857-1890

Thomas H. Savery papers

Identifier: 0285
Abstract: Thomas H. Savery (1837-1910) was president of Pusey, Jones and Company, a shipbuilder and papermaking machinery manufacturer in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. In 1864 he married Sarah Pim Savery (1837-1928). This collection consists of ther business and personal papers of Thomas H. Savery, primarily related to his papermaking machinery ventures, and twenty-nine diaries of Sarah Pim Savery.
Dates: 1848-1910

Wallace Hume Carothers correspondence

Identifier: 2255
Abstract: Wallace Hume Carothers (1896-1937) was a chemist and inventor of Neoprene artificial rubber and Nylon synthetic fiber. He worked as a chemist in E.I. du Pont de Nemours & Company's Fundamental Research Program from 1928 until his death in 1937. From 1915 to 1920, he attended Tarkio College in Missouri as a science major. This collection of Carothers' letters was written to and preserved by a close friend, Wilko Gustav Machentanz (1895-1973), with whom Carothers roomed for two of his years at Tarkio. The bulk of the letters were written between 1917 and 1922, before Carothers became absorbed in his doctoral studies, although the two corresponded as late as 1936.
Dates: 1915-1947; Majority of material found within 1917-1922

Wallace Hume Carothers letters to Frances Gelvin Spencer

Identifier: 2435
Abstract: Wallace Hume Carothers (1896-1937) was a chemist and inventor of Neoprene artificial rubber and Nylon synthetic fiber. He worked as a chemist in E.I. du Pont de Nemours & Company's Fundamental Research Program from 1928 until his death in 1937. This collection consists of photocopies of fourteen letters written by Carothers to his former college girlfriend from Missouri, Frances Gelvin Spencer, between 1929 and 1933. The nature of the letters is almost entirely personal.
Dates: 1929-1933

Wilhelmina du Pont letters

Identifier: 1591
Abstract: Wilhelmina du Pont (1906-2000) was the daughter of William K. du Pont (1875-1907) and Ethel Hallock (1876-1951), a fourth generation descendent from E.I. du Pont (1771-1834). The letters are to Wilhelmina du Pont from her cousin Alice (Belin) (Mrs. Pierre S. du Pont) (1872-1944); mother Ethel (Mrs. William Kemble du Pont); cousin Alice (du Pont) (Mrs. T. Coleman du Pont) (1863-1937); and uncle Pierre S. du Pont (1870-1954).
Dates: 1915-1952

William F. Gardner letter

Identifier: 2676
Abstract: William F. Gardner (1840-1907) was a minister for the Episcopal Church. The letter is a general farewell upon being assigned to a new parish, urging his parrishoners to keep in the faith and look to the upkeep of the parish.
Dates: 1866 September 18

Wilmington Public Library films

Identifier: 2012-212
Abstract: Based in Wilmington, Delaware, the Wilmington Public Library has been serving the public since it was established in 1754. This collection consists of eighty eight films, dating from 1914 to 1984, donated by the Wilmington Public Library. These films were de-accessioned from the library’s non-circulating collection. This collection is organized into nine series based on the film’s subject or type of production: American History, Archaeological, Business, Commercial films/television, Educational, Environmental, Experimental, Political Science and Urban/Rural Studies.
Dates: 1914-1984

Wood-Randolph family papers

Identifier: 2445
Abstract: The Wood family was founders of one of Philadelphia's great Quaker mercantile and manufacturing families, and within a couple of generations founded the Wawa Dairy Farms. The papers were primarily collected by Julianna Randolph (1810-1885), wife of Richard D. Wood (1799-1869), and include correspondence from Julianna Randolph, her parents Edward (1784-1834) and Mary Taylor Randolph (1790-1868), and her husband Richard Wood. The letters are almost entirely limited to correspondence within the Wood-Randolph kinship group.
Dates: 1797-1884