Computer storage devices
Found in 19 Collections and/or Records:
The Charles B. Dieterich papers are composed of internal office correspondence, reports, schematics, notes, articles, and news clippings from Dieterich’s work on the improvement of digital storage, control systems, and sound for the VideoDisc project from 1978 to 1984.
Four of Dieterich's lab notebooks (1975-1987) can be found in Record group 26.
Charles Wine's papers include information about patents awarded to Wine and other scientists whose patents were relevant to his; the Cole Patent, over which RCA unsuccessfully sued several companies for infringement; various resources RCA's scientists used during the invention process; projects sponsored by the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA); and Wine's Identity Controller Utility (ICU.)
Of particular value are the papers documenting the DSRC's unsuccessful attempt to develop a virtual reality video game console in the 1990s (see Subseries F.).
Eight of Wine's lab notebooks (1959-1988) can be found in Record group 26.
The Computer series are images of equipment, components, and parts. The series is arranged into five subseries: Bizmac, Card punch/punch tape, Card readers, Equipment, Spectra-70. There are some overlap in the Equipment subseries. The materials date from 1944 to 1977. Related materials can be found in the Government projects series.
The David L. Jose papers are composed of product brochures, notes and schematics, office memos, and demonstration materials such as holotape samples, from Jose’s work on the VideoDisc project at the David Sarnoff Research Center.
One of Jose's lab notebooks (1969-1970) can be found in Record group 26.
The Engineering Department records include the files of J.P. Eckert, who was department head from 1953 to 1964 and those of Herman Lukoff who led the department from 1965 to 1975. The files describe the development of the Livermore Automatic Research Calculator (LARC) that was completed during the late 1950s and the early 1960s. This project, undertaken in conjunction with the Atomic Energy Commission's Lawrence Livermore Laboratory, proved to be a tremendous drain on the company's resources. Sperry Rand wound up losing $19 million on the project which was twenty-seven months behind schedule when it was finally completed in 1961. Despite the fact that only two machines were sold, the LARC did make significant contributions to the development of computer technology. The engineers at Sperry were convinced their experiences with the LARC enabled them to build a much more powerful UNIVAC III than would have otherwise been possible.
The Herman Lukoff papers document Sperry-Univac's effort to apply semiconductor and solid-state technology to computer development. The records trace the relationship between advances in these areas and innovations in magnetic memory and mass storage. The files on the UNIVAC 80 show that in 1958 Sperry was the first company to market a computer with transistorized circuitry. Four months later, however, IBM responded with a solid state machine of its own, the 1401, which was to dominate the market for much of the late 1950s and early 1960s.
Geoffrey David Austrian (1930-) is an author and journalist. He first became interested in the life of Herman Hollerith (1860-1929), inventor of the puched-card system of data processing, while working for the International Business Machines Corporation (IBM), the firm that grew out of Hollerith's invention. This collections includes the research materials Austrian used to write the book Herman Hollerith: Forgotten Giant of Information Processing. Austrian's research includes notes from interviews with Hollerith family members and copies of materials from the IBM archives and other repositories, including the New York Public Library.
The IBM Technical History Project was begun in 1980 following the suggestion that books be written about IBM's technical history. The books that were subsequently written were based, in part, on 361 oral history interviews. This collection contains the interviews bound in eight volumes.
The James Hillier papers are composed of reports, publications, and correspondence related to the electron microscope, VideoDisc, and other RCA products. The papers also include reports, meeting minutes, and business plans from Hillier’s time as an RCA administrator. Along with reference publications and product guides, the papers also consist of a number of Hillier’s speeches.
Thirty-eight of Hillier's lab notebooks (1940s) and two of his patent disclosure books (1940, 1942) can be found in Record group 26.
James R. Matey preserved documents which help to explain his work in developing instruments used to control and manipulate data and materials, tools to measure the impact of materials introduced in his experiments, and microscopes which became useful to describe and improve various products. His work is reflected clearly by the number of patents he received, and by the many records which document his work with microscopy, picture tubes, and VideoDiscs.
The Matey papers includes photographs, overhead transparencies, 35mm slides, videocassettes, and one video disc. These depict work done with scanning capacitance microscopy (SCaM) including micrographs of silicone on sapphire, video discs, and graphs and diagrams used in a presentation on scanning capacitance microscopy.
Twenty-nine of Matey's lab notebooks (1977-1991) can be found in Record group 26.
Dr. Jan A. Rajchman was an international legend for his early work in the development of several generations of computer memories. His papers communicate the results of his work, the approval of his work by his colleagues as evidenced by the demand for his speeches at universities, international symposia and colloquia and his promotions to managerial positions within RCA. Understandably, much of his collection pertains to the development of a variety of computer memories and storage of data. In addition, information about his disclosure of inventions and awards of patents equally attests to his importance to RCA and to the science of electronics. Rajchman's papers include detailed information about his world wide travels to Europe and Japan, as well as to Russia, Turkey and Australia. Dr. Rajchman was active in several societies and Institutes, including committees in the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, and the National Science Foundation, the activities of which are well documented in his papers.
Seventy-three of Rajchman's lab notebooks (1936-1976) and six of his patent disclosure books (1943-1953) can be found in Record Group 26.
The Leonard P. Fox papers are composed of articles, notes, and photographs of chemical processes related to Fox’s work on the research and development of etching and plating techniques to improve the production of VideoDiscs, particularly on the conductive coating for the VideoDisc surface and on scratch testing.
One of Fox's lab notebooks (1970-1980) can be found in Record group 26.
The Michael J. Lurie papers are composed of presentation materials, notes, articles, photographs, slides, and correspondence related to Lurie’s work on projects related to optics, including optical readers for VideoDisc, cameras, and advanced monitor displays.
Nine of Lurie's lab notebooks (1969-1987) can be found in Record group 26.
Paul Arthur, Jr., (1915-2000) spent most of his career as an industrial research chemist in the Central Research Department of the E.I. du Pont de Nemours & Company, where his most notable achievement was his work on Crolyn, a type of magnetic tape which was used primarily in the instrumentation, video, and computer industries. This small collection, assembled by Arthur's sister, Dorothy Arthur, consists of press releases, photographs, and published clippings related to Arthur's career with the DuPont Company.
The Robert A. Bartolini papers are related to RCA's and the Sarnoff Corporation's research and development of optical and laser recording and storage technology. The materials include technical reports, research papers, operating system proposals, published articles covering optical recording, and photographic materials. In addition in contains folders on meetings and symposiums, presentations by and correspondence with Dr. Bartolini.
Eight of Bartolini's lab notebooks (1957-1983) can be found in Record group 26.
The collection consists of copies of trial records collected by Seymour C. Yuter (dates unknown), a patent attorney for Technitrol, Inc. They include documents from the interlocking suits of Technitrol v. Control Data Corp., Technitrol v. Sperry Rand, and Technitrol v. U.S.A., which came to trial between the late 1950s and the mid 1970s. The principal point at issue was, who was the inventor of the magnetic storage drum. The records provide a fascinating picture of the early history of the computer industry and trace the role played by the military in the years immediately after World War II.
The Sperry Corporation was an electronics company and the UNIVAC Division manufactured the first commercial digital computer. The Sperry UNIVAC division has its origins in the Eckert-Mauchly Computer Corporation (EMCC), founded in 1946 by J. Presper Eckert (1919-1995) and John W. Mauchly (1907-1980). In 1950, Eckert and Mauchly sold their firm to Remington Rand, Inc, a major manufacturer of business machines, who continued development of the UNIVAC system. The collection documents predecessor organizations to the Sperry Corporation, including the Remington Typewriter Company, the Rand Kardex Company, and the Sperry Gyroscope Company; the formation of the Eckert-Mauchly Computer Corporation; the development of the UNIVAC brand under Remington Rand, Inc.; Philadelphia and St. Paul branches of the UNIVAC division; the UNIVAC manufacturing plant in Bristol, Tennessee; and Sperry divisions outside of UNIVAC, including Sperry Gyroscope Flight and Defense Systems, and Remington Rand office equipment.
Engineering Research Associates (ERA) origins can be traced to the classified World War II-era Navy project to break the German secret codes by using electronic data processing. After the war, ERA became a private sector company that did pioneering work in computer development. In 1952, it was purchased by Remington Rand. The records include the correspondence of ERA's founding engineers including William Norris and Arnold Cohen. Also included is business and technical correspondence, legal records, patents, and oral histories.
Sperry Rand Corporation. Remington Rand Division records, Subgroup III. Advertising and Sales Promotion Department
Remington Rand, Inc. was a business machines manufacturer, most well-known for its typewriters and operated between 1927 and 1955. In 1955, Remington Rand merged with a major electronics company, the Sperry Corporation to form the Sperry Rand Corporation. The collection contains a large quantity of advertising literature, trade catalogs, and public relations material which the company used to promote its major products, including typewriters, typewriter supplies, record control and storage systems, fire-proof safes, duplicator supplies, punch-card tabulating machines, adding and bookkeping machines.
UNITE, Inc. stands for Unisys Information Technology Exchange, a not-for-profit corporation, where members share information about Unisys and the use and development of information technology. The predescessor, UNIVAC Scientific Exchange (USE) was formed in 1955, consisting of UNIVAC 1103A computer users (Boeing Airplane Company, Holloman Air Force Base, Lockheed Missile Systems Division and Ramo-Woolridge Corporation) and Sperry-UNIVAC representatives. Their records document the evolving relationship between USE, Inc. and Sperry-UNIVAC including the history of software development through problem issues reported and improvements, response to user demands, and customer expectations.