UNITE, Inc. records1955-1997
30 Linear Feet
UNIVAC Scientific Exchange (USE) was formed in 1955, consisting of UNIVAC 1103A computer users (Boeing Airplane Company, Holloman Air Force Base, Lockheed Missile Systems Division and Ramo-Woolridge Corporation) and Sperry-UNIVAC representatives.
As commercial installations of the UNIVAC computers increased in the mid-1950s the need for a user's support group, where problems about performance and programming could be discussed, became clear. One of the reasons IBM was so successful was that it pioneered in providing customer support for technically unsophisticated users. By the mid-1950s, Remington Rand had decided to follow IBM's lead and establish a users group, a policy that was carried out by its successor, Sperry Rand Corporation. Initially, membership was restricted to users of the UNIVAC 1103A Scientific computer. The group established standards, programming and publications committees to deal with issues of common concern. Among the accomplishments of these committees were: the establishment of a USE language for communications, the development of standard formats for the coding of routines and subroutines, and the creation of a common compiler. This information was disseminated in an informal publication which became known as Useful Notes. The organization was expanded to include users of the Univac 1105 in 1958, the 1107 in 1961, and the 1108 in 1965.
By 1960 the USE group, which had begun with four members, had grown to seventeen. Semi-annual conferences usually attracted between sixty and eighty attendees. These meetings focused on software issues. In 1959, the new COBOL language was the major agenda item. By 1962, FORTRAN was the prime programming language of interest. During the mid-1960s USE was represented on Sperry Univac's standards committee which was responsible for the development of programming languages. In 1964 the USE group was expanded to include the users of all large scale computers manufactured by Sperry Rand. The name was formally shortened to "USE" in 1969. Until 1974, Sperry Univac provided full administrative management support for USE. This was partially withdrawn in the 1974, and USE was incorporated as an independent non-profit corporation, USE, Inc., on June 2, 1975. It continued, however, to be primarily concerned with the technical development of large Sperry Univac computers.
Series II. Reference manuals;
Series III. Conferences;
Series IV. Newsletters and magazines.
Scope and Content
Conference recommendations record customer expectations and provide suggestions for software modifications. Also included is documentation on UNIVAC software, the USE reference manual, conference notes, and contracts tracing the evolving relationship between USE and Sperry Univac.
Records are in remote storage. Please allow 48 hours for delivery.
Language of Materials
- Boeing Company
- Boone, Earl T.
- Broder, Joanna
- Card, Charles D.
- Computer engineering
- Computer industry
- Computer storage devices
- Draper, Manly
- E.I. du Pont de Nemours & Company
- Electronic data processing
- Fuhrmann, Wayne F.
- Green, Dewana
- Hanson, J. W.
- Information storage and retrieval systems
- Information technology
- International Business Machines Corporation
- Lees, Robert B.
- Lockheed Aircraft Corporation. Lockheed Missile Systems Division
- Pardo, O. Ray (Oliver Ray)
- Peters, Bernard
- Programming languages (Electronic computers)
- Ramo-Woolridge Corporation
- Remington Rand, Inc
- Sperry Corporation (1933-1955)
- Sperry Rand (Corporation). Univac Division
- Sperry Univac
- United States. Bureau of the Census
- Univac computer
- Youtz, Wayne E.
Finding Aid & Administrative Information
- UNITE, Inc. records
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