Skip to main content

Gunpowder industry

 Subject
Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings

Found in 91 Collections and/or Records:

Francis Gurney du Pont letterbooks, with additional miscellany

 Collection
Accession: 1462
Abstract:

Francis Gurney du Pont (1850-1904) was the youngest son of Alexis I. du Pont (1816-1857) and Joanna Smith du Pont (1815-1876), and grandson of Éleuthère Irénée "E.I." du Pont (1771-1834), founder of E.I. du Pont de Nemours & Company, a chemical company more commonly referred to as the DuPont Company. The collection contains two letter books of du Pont to F.G. Thomas (-1901) of the Iowa Powder Mills, photocopies of selected documents by Benjamin Franklin (1706-1790) on gunpowder, and on awards to John Paul Jones (1747-1792) for his victory over HMS Serapis, and letter from Samuel Courtauld (1752-1821) to Captain Joseph H. Rees (1789-1821).

Dates: 1780-1937

Francis Gurney du Pont papers

 Collection
Accession: 1600
Abstract:

Francis Gurney du Pont (1850-1904) was the youngest son of Alexis I. du Pont (1816-1857) and Joanna Smith du Pont (1815-1876), and grandson of Éleuthère Irénée "E.I." du Pont (1771-1834), founder of E.I. du Pont de Nemours & Company, a chemical company more commonly referred to as the DuPont Company. The papers consist of du Pont's student lecture and laboratory notes; letters; technical notes and papers; records of gunpowder production; patent specifications and drawings; patent correspondence; and printed patents related to gunpowder.

Dates: 1844-1900

Francis Gurney du Pont papers

 Collection
Accession: 0504
Abstract:

Francis Gurney du Pont (1850-1904) was the youngest son of Alexis I. du Pont (1816-1857) and Joanna Smith du Pont (1815-1876), and grandson of Éleuthère Irénée "E.I." du Pont (1771-1834), founder of E.I. du Pont de Nemours & Company, a chemical company more commonly referred to as the DuPont Company. The papers of du Pont describe both his business activities at E.I. du Pont de Nemours & Company, his family life, and his activities in the Episcopal Church.

Dates: 1818-1911

Frank P. Gentieu papers

 Collection
Accession: 0717
Abstract:

Francis “Frank” Pierre Gentieu (1876-1950) was a ballistic engineer at E.I. du Pont de Nemours & Company, a chemical company more commonly referred to as the DuPont company. Gentieu worked at DuPont's Carney's Point Plant in New Jersey from 1901 to 1941. This small collection contains an account by Gentieu entitled "The First Fifty Years at Carney's Point" (1891-1941); correspondence with du Pont family members; a list of his father Pierre Gentieu's photographs of the DuPont Company and Brandywine area; and a recollection written by Samuel Brown of a conversation with Sophie M. du Pont (1810-1888) related to the Brandywine Manufacturers Sunday School.

Dates: 1944-1948

George Washington Rains memorandum on Augusta Works

 Collection
Accession: 2598
Abstract:

George Washington Rains (1817-1898) was a United States Army and Confederate Army officer and proprietor in the Washington Iron Works. This war-date memorandum by Rains gives a full look at the successful Confederate crash program to develop reliable sources of munitions under wartime conditions and gives clues to the skills of the person who managed it.

Dates: 1864

H.A. Weldy Powder Company lithograph

 Collection
Accession: 1998-271
Abstract:

Henry A. Weldy and members of the Shindel family purchased the small Huhn Powder mill outside Tamaqua, Pennsylvania on the banks of the Little Schuylkill River. They operated it as the H. A. Weldy Powder Company. Illustrations on the lithograph depict Tunnel Mills and Edgeworth Mills, which comprised the H. A. Weldy Powder Company.

Dates: circa 1865

Hagley Yard buildings, DuPont Company offices and laboratory, and powder labels

 Collection
Accession: 1969-011
Abstract:

This small collection of John W. Macklem (1867-1948) contains photographs of structures in the Hagley Yards after they closed in 1921, DuPont Company office staff in Equitable Building, Wilmington, Delaware, and gunpowder labels for A.F. & Co. FF gunpowder and DuPont superfine HFg gun powder.

Dates: circa 1890-1928

Hazard Powder Company and the Market Street covered bridge photographs

 Collection
Accession: 1984-267
Abstract:

The Hazard Powder Company was one of the largest gunpowder and explosives manufacturers in the United States in the late-nineteenth century. This group consists of six mounted photographs showing unidentified buildings and the dam at the Hazard Powder Company in Connecticut. An unrelated print shows a covered bridge photographed in winter that crossed the Brandywine River at 16th Street in Wilmington, Delaware.

Dates: 1885-1900

Hazard Powder Company photographs

 Collection
Accession: 2020-205
Abstract:

The Hazard Powder Company was one of the largest gunpowder and explosives manufacturers in the United States in the late-nineteenth century. This small collection consists of fourteen photographs of views of Hazard Powder Company buildings. None of the images are dated, however, they appear to date from circa 1890s to the 1900s.

Dates: circa 1890s-1900s

Henry Miller oral history interview transcript

 Collection
Accession: 2355
Abstract:

Henry Miller (1845-1926) was first employed at the Brandywine Works of E.I. du Pont de Nemours & Company. In 1922, he was one of the oldest surviving employees when he was interviewed by Alfred I. du Pont (1864-1935). In the interview, Miller describes the layout of the Brandywine Works as it changed over time, as well as the various apparatus and processes used in the manufacture of gunpowder and its constituent ingredients.

Dates: 1922

Hercules Powder Company advertising poster, Not this trip, Old Pal

 Collection
Accession: 1970-081
Abstract:

The Hercules Powder Company was one of the companies created from the break up of the E.I. du Pont de Nemours "powder trust" in 1911 as ruled by a U.S. Supreme Court decision. In its early years as a separate company, it continued to produce explosives and dynamite and used advertising styles and devices. This item is a poster depicting a World War I soldier leaving home and telling his hunting dog, "Not this trip Old Pal."

Dates: circa 1917

Hercules Powder Company calendar illustrations and Laflin and Rand display cards

 Collection
Accession: 1973-295
Abstract:

The Hercules Powder Co. was one of companies created from the break up of the E.I. du Pont de Nemours "powder trust" in 1911 as ruled by a U.S. Supreme Court decision. The Laflin and Rand Powder Company, one of the largest gunpowder manufacturers in the nineteenth century, was formed from several predecessor companies, including the Laflin Powder Company and the Smith & Rand Powder Company. This collection consists of a Hercules Powder Company calendar from 1919 and an undated illustration from a company calendar. There are also reproductions of a group of three different display card advertisements for Laflin & Rand Powder Company, probably for point-of-sale or counter display.

Dates: circa 1901-1920

"History of Explosions and Accidents at Brandywine Mills" by Francis Gurney du Pont

 Collection
Accession: 1402
Abstract:

Francis Gurney du Pont (1850-1904) was the youngest son of Alexis I. du Pont (1816-1857) and Joanna Smith du Pont (1815-1876), and grandson of Éleuthère Irénée "E.I." du Pont (1771-1834), founder of E.I. du Pont de Nemours & Company, a chemical company more commonly referred to as the DuPont Company. The collection contains a carbon typescript of "History of Explosions at Brandywine Mills" compiled from records by du Pont and also reported from his own experiences.

Dates: 1908

James Lovell papers

 Collection
Accession: 2578
Abstract:

James L. Lovell (1896-1984) worked for the DuPont Company as an exhibition marksman in the Sporting Powders Division. His papers include items from his career with the DuPont Company, primarily during his years in the Sporting Powders Division, but also items related to trapshooting.

Dates: 1923-1959

James R. Thomen collection of Experimental Station building and site photographs

 Collection
Accession: 2012-210
Abstract:

James R. Thomen (1926-) was manager of the Experimental Station from 1975 to 1985 when he retired. The DuPont Company's Experimental initially, was to be a small laboratory to screen inventions which were coming into the company from outside independent inventors specifically for research on black powder, smokeless powder, and dynamite, but soon its mission was altered and it became a large industrial research facility focused on innovative advancements in chemistry. This collection consists primarily of photographs of buildings at the Experimental Station in Wilmington, Delaware taken between 1910 and 1950.

Dates: circa 1900-1951

John W. Macklem collection of DuPont Company powder yards photographs

 Collection
Accession: 1968-010
Abstract:

John W. Macklem (1867-1948) began working for E.I. du Pont de Nemours & Company as an errand boy at a young age and remained with the company his entire career. E.I. du Pont de Nemours & Company is a chemical company more commonly referred to as the DuPont company. This collection comprises photographs of buildings and scenes in DuPont Company explosives manufacturing plants along the Brandywine Creek near Wilmington, Delaware, including the Eleutherian Mills (or Upper) yard, the Upper Hagley yard, and the Lower Hagley yard.

Dates: 1889-1936

Laflin and Rand Powder Company calendar

 Collection
Accession: 1972-351
Abstract:

The Laflin and Rand Powder Company, one of the largest gunpowder manufacturers in the nineteenth century, was formed from several predecessor companies, including the Laflin Powder Company and the Smith & Rand Powder Company. This item is the 1899 calendar with an illustration of a sailor from the U.S.S. Oregon.

Dates: 1899

Laflin and Rand Powder Company display cards

 Collection
Accession: 2001-241
Abstract:

The Laflin and Rand Powder Company, one of the largest gunpowder manufacturers in the nineteenth century, was formed from several predecessor companies. The company was acquired by DuPont in October of 1902, and it was operated as a subsidiary. This is a group of four display card advertisements for Laflin & Rand Powder, probably for point-of-sale or counter display.

Dates: circa 1902

Laflin & Rand Powder Co. lithograph

 Collection
Accession: 2022-212
Abstract:

The Laflin & Rand Powder Company was one of the largest gunpowder manufacturers during the nineteenth century. Frederick W. Beers (1839-1933) was a New York map publisher. This item is a lithograph depicting the powder mills and surrounding landscape, and it is pages 16 and 17 of "County Atlas of Ulster, New York: From Recent and Actual Surveys and Records," by author F.W. Beers.

Dates: 1875

L.G. Jackson papers

 Collection
Accession: 1964
Abstract:

Leroy Greenwood "L.G." Jackson (1889-1981) was a chemist for E. I. du Pont de Nemours & Company between 1911 and 1954. Jackson's small set of papers are primarily from his work related to gunpowder. This collection would be of interest to those interested in powder production. There are also two items from Jackson's time in rayon research.

Dates: 1911-1953

Margaret M. (Meg) Mulrooney research data

 Collection
Accession: 2014-278
Abstract:

Dr. Margaret (Meg) M. Mulrooney is Associate Professor of History and Associate Vice-Provost of University Studies at James Madison University in Harrisonburg, Virginia. The collection consists of research data supporting Mulrooney's doctoral dissertation "Labor at Home: The Domestic World of Workers at the du Pont Powder Mills, 1802-1902."

Dates: 1992-1995

Mordecai Lewis & Co. account sheet

 Collection
Accession: 1737
Abstract:

Mordecai Lewis & Company (Philadelphia) was a merchant firm that owned several ships and specialized in imports of European goods, including white lead and, eventually, paint. The account sheet documents the sales of powder to William Bingham (1752-1804).

Dates: 1785-1786

Oral histories on work and daily life in the Brandywine Valley

 Collection
Accession: 1970-370
Abstract:

The collection comprises approximately 200 oral history interviews with 152 individuals conducted by museum staff between 1954 and 1990. The majority of the individuals interviewed had either worked at the DuPont Company powder yards on Brandywine Creek during the yards’ final decades of operation or had lived in the surrounding communities, although the collection also includes interviews with those who worked in other local industries. The interviews are largely biographical in nature covering a period from about 1900 to 1960 and address a wide range of subjects relating to daily life and work in the Brandywine Valley.

Dates: 1954-1990

"Our American Game Birds" prints

 Collection
Accession: 1973-306
Abstract:

The DuPont Company began with the manufacture of gunpowder, and particularly from about 1890 to 1930, commissioned many illustrations in oil and watercolor for advertising purposes. This collection consists of a set of eighteen color prints entitled "Our American Game Birds" from paintings by Lynn Bogue Hunt, published by E.I. du Pont de Nemours & Co., Inc. - Sporting Powder Division. Each print has a written description on its reverse, by Edward Howe Forbush. As the set's title suggests, various game birds are the subjects of each print.

Dates: 1917

Pierre A. Gentieu Brandywine River Valley photographs

 Collection
Accession: 1970-001
Abstract:

Pierre A. Gentieu (1842-1930) was a long-time employee of E.I. du Pont de Nemours & Company. Gentieu was born in France in 1842. He emigrated to the United States around 1859. He began working for DuPont in 1877. This collection is comprised of images taken by DuPont Company employee Pierre Gentieu from approximately 1880 to 1920. Gentieu's images document the DuPont Company Powder Yards along the banks of the Brandywine River in Wilmington Delaware. The collection documents the surrounding community along the Brandywine including worker's families, du Pont family homes, churches in the area, DuPont Company exposition displays, and other facets of social and work life in the area.

Dates: 1883-1917

Pierre Gentieu Hagley area photographs and DuPont Company ephemera

 Collection
Accession: 1995-261
Abstract:

Pierre A. Gentieu was a long-term employee of E.I. du Pont de Nemours & Company who created an invaluable photographic record of the company's Brandywine Mills at the turn of the century. E.I. du Pont de Nemours & Company is a chemical company more commonly referred to as the DuPont company. The company was established in 1802 by Pierre Samuel du Pont de Nemours and his son Eleuthère Irénée du Pont the company began with the production of gunpowder. This small collection includes original drymounted photographic prints of views near Henry Clay Village in Delaware by Pierre Gentieu. Several have simple hand drawn decorative borders on them and are signed. There are also several items related to DuPont Gunpowder and rifles.

Dates: 1880-1900

Pierre Gentieu papers

 Collection
Accession: 0503
Abstract:

Pierre A. Gentieu (1842-1930) was a photographer and a long-term employee of E.I. du Pont de Nemours & Company, a chemical company more commonly referred to as the DuPont company. Gentieu's papers include correspondence with du Pont family members and coworkers, an account book of powder packed at the Hagley Yard (1858-1902), a record book with lists of explosions (1882-1909), time work sheets of powdermen during the 1890s, and a list of the principal events in the powder yards from 1882 to 1911.

Dates: 1858-1911

Pierre Samuel du Pont de Nemours letter to Thomas Jefferson

 Collection
Accession: 0042
Abstract:

Pierre Samuel du Pont de Nemours (1739-1817) was a French political economist, writer, publisher, and public administrator. In 1800, accompanied by his sons, Victor Marie du Pont (1767-1827) and Eleuthère Irénée "E.I." du Pont (1771-1834), he arrived in America. In 1802, E.I. du Pont established E.I. du Pont de Nemours & Company, which began manufacturing gunpowder. This item is a letter written to President Thomas Jefferson about du Pont de Nemours' son, E.I. du Pont, as a gunpowder manufacturer and requesting Jefferson's opinon on the matter of refining saltpetre.

Dates: 1801 July 23

Pierre Samuel du Pont de Nemours papers

 Collection
Accession: LMSS-I
Abstract:

Pierre Samuel du Pont de Nemours (1739-1817) was a French political economist, writer, publisher, and public administrator. He was an advocate for a national educational system and promoted Franco-American trade relations. The collection consists of Pierre Samuel du Pont de Nemours correspondence and writings in addition to correspondence of his second wife, Françoise (Robin) Poivre.

Dates: 1769-1831

Pierre Samuel "P.S." du Pont acquisitions

 Collection
Accession: LMSS-VIII
Abstract:

Pierre Samuel "P.S." du Pont (1870-1954) was an industrialist, entrepreneur, and philanthropist. He was president of E.I. du Pont de Nemours & Company from 1915 to 1919 and chairman of the board of directors from 1919 to 1940. P.S. du Pont was the great-grandson of Eleuthère Irénée du Pont (1771-1834), founder of E.I. du Pont de Nemours & Company, and the great-great-grandson and namesake of the French economist Pierre Samuel du Pont de Nemours (1739-1817). During the early 1920s, P.S. du Pont became an active collector of Du Pont materials, and bought several important bodies of manuscripts from French dealers. This collection consists of manuscripts he collected that are primarily concerned with Du Pont de Nemours, the Physiocrats, the French Revolution, and the antecedents of the Du Ponts and allied families in France. The collection also contains the Wilmington & Kennett Turnpike Co. records dating from 1811 to 1921 that were acquired by P.S. du Pont from 1919 to 1920 when he purchased the company's stock, widened the road, and turned over its administration to the Delaware State Highway Department.

Dates: 1438-1921

P.S. du Pont office collection

 Collection
Accession: 0501
Abstract:

Pierre Samuel "P.S." du Pont (1870-1954) was president of E.I. du Pont de Nemours & Co. (more commonly known as the DuPont Company or simply DuPont) from 1915 to 1919 and chairman of the board from 1919 to 1940. P.S. du Pont was the great grandson of Eleuthere Irenee du Pont (1771-1834), founder of E.I. du Pont de Nemours & Company. He was also an avid collector of documents on the early history of the du Pont family and the DuPont Company. This collection contains elements which were selected from both company and family papers. The material was lodged in du Pont's Wilmington office for a number of years prior to his death in 1954.

Dates: 1797-1952

Pulp Keg Mill in the Hagley Yard album

 Collection
Accession: 1969-093
Abstract:

The pulp keg mill was built around 1904 to manufacture an experimental design of black and smokeless powder container made essentially from paper. This album contains photographic prints of the construction of the pulp keg mill in the Hagley Yard of E.I. du Pont de Nemours & Co. near Wilmington, Delaware around 1902 through 1905.

Dates: circa 1902-1905

"The Champions Series" hunting dog advertising postcards

 Collection
Accession: 1972-250-1
Abstract:

Postcards, issued by the Advertising Division of the Sales Department of E.I. du Pont de Nemours & Company, depict images of hunting dogs, specifically the National Field Trial Championship winners from 1896-1910, produced by the artist Edmund Osthaus.

Dates: 1916

Trattato de fuochi artificiali da guerra, e del modo della loro construzione, sperimentata ed usata in Napoli

 Collection
Accession: 0365
Abstract:

The collection consists of a handwritten volume, in Italian, on the construction, testing, and use of ordnance during war in Naples, Italy.

Dates: circa 1793

Victor Marie du Pont papers

 Collection
Accession: LMSS-II
Abstract:

Victor Marie du Pont (1767-1827) was a French diplomat who later immigrated to the United States and established various trading companies before moving to Delaware. He was the eldest son of Pierre Samuel du Pont de Nemours (1739-1817). The collection consists of correspondence, business and personal papers, and writings of Victor Marie du Pont and his wife, Gabrielle Joséphine (de la Fite de Pelleport) du Pont.

Dates: 1778-1827

Walter Magee Annette's DuPont advertising envelopes and blotter

 Collection
Accession: 1995-242
Abstract:

Walter Magee Annettee (1874-1955) was a DuPont Company dynamite salesman, who was based in Birmingham, Alabama. E.I. du Pont de Nemours & Company is a chemical company more commonly referred to as the DuPont company. The company was established in 1802 by Pierre Samuel du Pont de Nemours and his son Eleuthère Irénée du Pont the company began with the production of gunpowder. These are illustrated envelopes advertising DuPont Company smokeless powder and blasting powder; Giant powder (a product of Atlantic Dynamite Co.); Atlas powder (a product of Repauno Chemical Co.); and Hercules powder (a product of Hercules Powder Co.).

Dates: 1903-1906

William du Pont family photographs

 Collection
Accession: 2007-205
Abstract:

William du Pont, Sr. (1855-1928) was an industrialist and member of the promienent du Pont family of Delaware, whose family business was the E.I. du Pont de Nemours & Company, also known as the DuPont Company which was a large manufacturer of gunpowder. He worked for the first DuPont dynamite manufacturer, Repauno Chemical Company, as secretary and treasurer (1880-1884) and after the tragic death of Lammot du Pont (1831-1884), as president (1884-1892). William du Pont, Jr. was the youngest child of du Pont, Sr. and Annie Rogers Zinn du Pont (1858-1827). Du Pont Jr. became the president of Delaware Trust Company in 1929, the youngest bank president in Wilmington at that time. In 1952, he became chairman of the board, retaining both positions until his death in 1965. This collections consists of photographic material mostly relating to the U.S.F. Powder Company, together with the Ball Grain Explosives Company which was in a way U.S.F. Powder Company predecessor. It also includes William du Pont's family photographs and negatives.

Dates: 1898-1962

William du Pont, Sr. papers

 Collection
Accession: 2724
Abstract:

William du Pont (1855-1928) was an industrialist and member of the promienent du Pont family of Delaware, whose family business was the E.I. du Pont de Nemours & Company, also known as the DuPont Company which was a large manufacturer of gunpowder. He worked for the first DuPont dynamite manufacturer, Repauno Chemical Company, as secretary and treasurer (1880-1884) and after the tragic death of Lammot du Pont (1831-1884), as president (1884-1892). This small group of papers encompass both correspondence and various financial and investment accounts, largely covering his ten years spent in England after leaving the United States in 1893.

Dates: 1891-1905

William du Pont, Sr. papers, 1863-1945, bulk: 1880-1928

 Record Group
Accession: 2317-I.
Scope and Contents: The William du Pont papers primarily encompass the years of his active business life from the early 1880s to his death in 1928. There are also some papers from his early life and after his death. This includes some early personal correspondence from his school years, agreements regarding tracts of land which constituted his property in Brandywine and Christiana Hundreds in New Castle County, Delaware, and business papers related to the companies whose activities started before William du Pont's involvement or lasted after his death. There is also a gap in his general correspondence and for invoices and receipts for the first decade of the twentieth century when the family lived at Montpelier, Virginia. Series I., Subseries C. contains correspondence with lawyers and family members concerning William du Pont's inheritance from his parents and the estate of his late wife Annie Rogers du Pont. A draft of William du Pont's last will is stored with miscellaneous financial papers in Series VI.The majority of business-related correspondence of William du Pont is in Series II: General Correspondence. The series covers the entire period of du Pont's business life, except for the years from 1902 to 1912, when his main residence was at Montpelier, Virginia. Correspondence reflects his major activities: involvement with powder and dynamite companies; investments in railroads, transportation, utilities, and banking enterprises; membership in horse and cattle breeding societies and clubs, horse show organizations, and hunting clubs; contacts with horse breeders and dealers; relations with publishers of periodicals and books on horse and cattle breeding and races (subscription, advertising, photograph contribution); and construction, renovations, and repairs at personal properties and business buildings. Many letters pertain to charity requests and donations.William du Pont's business contacts were both local and national. Among his Delaware, Virginia, and Georgia correspondents are contractors, farm, and construction suppliers, utility companies, personal secretaries, farm managers, and employees (Robert H. Blain, J. S. Burtsfield, Hugh B. Craig, S. Sharp Craig, Edmund C. McCune, Earl E. Edinger, F. M. Modena). His involvement with the horse industry is documented in correspondence with organizations such as the American Jersey Cattle Club, Percheron Society of America, the National Horse Show Association of America, Advanced...
Dates: 1863-1945; Majority of material found within 1880-1928

William L. Hogg identification badge and match case

 Collection
Accession: 1999-233
Abstract:

William L. Hogg (dates unknown) was an employee of Haskell Works where gunpowder was manufactured. This collection consists of a circular photographic identification badge featuring a black and white portrait photograph as well as a Germansilver match safe with a DuPont Haskell label on the front and William L. Hogg's name written above.

Dates: circa 1915

Willis F. Harrington engineer's notebook

 Collection
Accession: 2440
Abstract:

Engineer's notebook kept by future DuPont Company vice president Willis F. Harrington (1882-1960) while an entry-level engineer at the Barksdale Works in Wisconsin.

Dates: 1905-1907