Philadelphia Phillies recordsCreation: 1902-1981
The Philadelphia Phillies are an American professional baseball team based in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, where they compete in the National League. The team was founded in 1883 by Alfred J. Reach (1840-1928), who purchased the Worcester, Massachusetts, professional baseball club and moved it to Philadelphia. The records of the Philadelphia National League Club document the Philadelphia Phillies professional baseball organization, and includes various papers and records from the National League and Major League Baseball in general, primarily dating from the 1950s through the 1970s.
- Creation: 1902-1981
- Philadelphia Phillies (Baseball team) (Organization)
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The Philadelphia Phillies are an American professional baseball team based in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, where they compete in the National League. The team was founded in 1883 by Alfred J. Reach (1840-1928), who purchased the Worcester, Massachusetts, professional baseball club and moved it to Philadelphia. Initially founded as the "Quakers," the ballclub adopted the name "Philadelphians" shortly thereafter. The nickname "Phillies" first appeared in the Inquirer following the paper's coverage of an exhibition game in April 1883. The team remained mediocre until 1915 when Hall-of-Fame pitcher Grover Cleveland Alexander pitched them to a pennant, although they ultimately lost the World Series to the Boston Red Sox.
In 1943 the club was sold to DuPont Company executive R. R. M. Carpenter, Sr. (1877-1949), who turned over the operation of the club to his son R. R. M., Jr. (1915-1990), the same year. Seven years later the so-called "Whiz Kids" won the 1950 pennant. However, during the 1950s and 60s, the Phillies were a very poor baseball team, as the Carpenter family failed to invest in player development. In 1972 R. R. M. Carpenter, Jr., turned the management of the club over to his son, "Ruly" Carpenter III (1940-), who rebuilt the team. The Phillies won the National League East division title in 1977 and 1978. In 1980 they became world champions. After the 1981 season the Carpenter family sold the team to William "Bill" Giles (1934-).
Arranged into three series, each of which have been further arranged into subseries: I. Philadelphia Phillies records. II. National League records. III. Major League records.
Scope and Content
Records from the Philadelphia Phillies organization primarily cover the tenure of team president and owner Robert Ruliph Morgan Carpenter, Jr. (1915-1990) and his son, Robert Ruliph Morgan Carpenter, III (1940-), who succeeded his father as team president in 1972. Included are financial records, scouting reports, draft lists, public relations files, and correspondence about player development and stadium leases, mostly from the period between 1950 and 1970. Also included are records from the National League and Major League Baseball in general, primarily dating from the same era.
A small volume of correspondence between the Phillies organization and other teams throughout the Major Leagues highlight successful promotional events implemented throughout the season. There are also studies and proposals for the construction of a new multi-purpose sports stadium in Camden County, New Jersey, as well as concession contracts and some information regarding labor negotiations between food vendors and concession workers. There is also substantial material on television and radio broadcasting agreements and licensing, as well as the Department of Justice’s 1960 investigation into baseball broadcasting rights. Additionally, there are two stock ledgers and a stock certificate book dating back to the Philadelphia Ball Company, predecessor to the Phillies organization, and a 1930s cash book that lists salaries paid to members of the Phillies organization and to its players.
Papers from the National League National are less substantial but documents executive decision making through the minutes of league meetings (1958-1968) and president and treasurer's reports (1946-1970). Also included are copies of the league constitution, and records relating to expansion, franchise shifts, broadcasting, and owner-player negotiations.
Records from the Major League include files on the pension fund and benefit plan, materials relating to the Curt Flood case which challenged the free agent clause, and statements relating to the antitrust exemptions. Also included are minutes of the Joint Meetings of the Major Leagues (1961-1970), and files on the Major League Agreement (1952).
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Language of Materials
Finding Aid & Administrative Information
- Philadelphia National League Club records
- Clayton J. Ruminski
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