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DuPont allied business firms records

Accession LMSS:VI

Manuscripts and Archives Department, Hagley Museum and Library


PO Box 3630
Wilmington, Delaware, 19807
302-658-2400
research@hagley.org

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Finding aid prepared using best local practices and Describing Archives: A Content Standard

Cite items for this collection in the following format:
[Description and dates], Box/folder number, DuPont allied business firms records (Accession LMSS:VI), Hagley Museum and Library, Wilmington, DE 19807

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Descriptive Summary

Title: DuPont allied business firms records
Dates: 1798-1856
Accession Number: LMSS:VI
Creator: Du Planty, McCall & Company; Du Pont, Bauduy & Company; A. Cardon & Company; Rockland Manufacturing Company on the Brandywine; Brandywine Mill Seat Company
Extent: 2 linear feet
Language of Material: French, English
Repository: Hagley Museum and Library: Manuscripts and Archives Department
Abstract: This collection includes the papers of Du Pont, Bauduy & Company (1803-1815); Du Planty, McCall & Company (1813-1837); Brandywine Mill Seat Company (1798-1854); A. Cardon & Company (1824-1833); and Rockland Manufacturing Company (1825-1856).
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Administrative Information


Provenance

Gift of Pierre S. du Pont

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Historical Note

Several early companies, established by members of the du Pont family, operated on the Brandywine Creek in proximity to the mills of E.I. du Pont de Nemours & Co. These businesses included factories that produced tanned leather, woolen and cotton cloth, and yarns. The firms also owned properties that were used by, or sold to, other developers of mills in the region.

The firm of Du Pont, Bauduy & Co. was organized by Victor du Pont, E. I. du Pont, Peter Bauduy, and Raphael Du Planty as partners in 1810 in order to manufacture woolen cloth. The mill was at Louviers, Delaware, across the Brandywine River from the Du Pont Company's powder mills. In 1801 E.I. du Pont began importing Merino sheep. He also acquired the ram, Don Pedro, from Europe. By 1810 the du Pont family had raised a small herd of sheep and had made considerable progress in improving the quality of wool. The factory did, in fact, produce high-quality wool and counted both Presidents James Madison and James Monroe among its customers. However, when Bauduy and E. I. du Pont were involved in a series of financial disputes, Du Pont, Bauduy & Co. was dissolved and was succeeded by the partnership of Victor & Charles I. du Pont & Co.

As early as 1804 Archibald McCall and E. I. du Pont were in business with each other. McCall was a prominent Philadelphia merchant involved in the East India trade, a director of the First Bank of the United States, and an agent for the sale of Du Pont powder. On April 30, 1813 the firm of Du Planty, McCall & Co. was organized with Robert McCall (a younger brother), E. I. du Pont, Victor du Pont, and Raphael Du Planty as partners in a cotton spinning and weaving business. Archibald McCall and E. I. du Pont provided the capital and site for the factory. Robert McCall and Du Planty were designated as managers. The Army was the company's most important customer. However, the company was unable to compete with cheaper British textiles, which flooded the U.S. after the War of 1812 and went bankrupt in the panic of 1819. It took more than 25-years for its accounts to be settled as E. I. du Pont and Raphael Du Planty could not reconcile their claims and obligations.

The Brandywine Mill Seat Company was formed in 1813 by E. I. du Pont, Caleb Kirk, James Jeffries, John Torbert and John Warner, all prominent businessmen in the Wilmington, Del., area, in an effort to attract manufacturers to the Brandywine area. Land along the creek was acquired from Job Harvey and Caleb Kirk, laid out in appropriate mill seats, and the waterpower computed for each. The venture was designed to profit from the increase in domestic manufacturing that accompanied the War of 1812, but like most others of the time it proved unsuccessful, and the property was divided and distributed among those who were members in 1829.

A. Cardon & Company was organized in 1815 by Alexandre Cardon de Sandrans, James Antoine Bidermann and Joseph Charles Dalmas (of whom the last two were du Pont relatives). Cardon de Sandrans had just arrived in America, having accompanied Pierre Samuel du Pont de Nemours from France as his companion and secretary. He was a younger brother of Paul François, Baron Cardon de Sandrans (1781-1848), who married a niece of Madame du Pont de Nemours. The firm was to produce leather by an accelerated process of manufacture and established a tannery on Brandywine Creek near Wilmington. Over half the capital was advanced by E. I. du Pont for his brother-in-law, Dalmas, and for Bidermann. L. F. Chenou was contracted to give instruction in the tanning process, but he left in 1816 to open a tannery in New Orleans. The first leather was produced late in 1816, but Cardon and Bidermann agreed to dissolve the business in 1825. Formal dissolution came on June 1, 1826, and debts were assumed, temporarily, by E. I. du Pont de Nemours & Company, but eventually charged to the account of Bidermann. Cardon went to Harrisburg, Pa., to manage the tannery of Eldridge & Brick, creditors of A. Cardon & Co. Cardon later owned iron works in Pennsylvania.

The Rockland Manufacturing Company was formed in 1825, as successor to W. Young, Son & Company, with William Young, William Wallace Young, Isaac Bannister, John McAllister and John McAllister, Jr., as directors. The firm manufactured cotton and woolen cloth at Rockland, on the Brandywine above Wilmington, Del. Alfred V. du Pont became a director in 1846. The company became bankrupt and its property was seized in 1848-49. Its property was eventually sold to Jessup & Moore, a paper manufacturer, and E. I. du Pont de Nemours & Company.

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Scope and Content

This collection includes the papers of Du Pont, Bauduy & Company (1803-1815); Du Planty, McCall & Company (1813-1837); Brandywine Mill Seat Company (1798-1854); A. Cardon & Company (1824-1833); and Rockland Manufacturing Company (1825-1856).

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Series Descriptions and Inventory

I. Du Pont, Bauduy & Co., 1809-1815
0.25 linear feet
Scope and Content
Du Pont, Bauduy & Company records consist of letters written by the partners and employees. They pertain to the price of sheep and wool, sales of Merinos, sources of funds, labor, supplies, sales of cloth to powder workers, the role of the factory in the development of the woolen mill, and the impact of Thomas Jefferson's Nonintercourse Act on the business. There is also information on sales, production of raw wool, credit, and the employment of dyers and apprentices.
A. Outgoing Correspondence, 1809-1814
Scope and Content
Letters written by partners and employees of the company pertain to the price of sheep and wool, sales of Merinos to or from Du Pont flocks, sources of funds, labor and supplies, sales of cloth to powder workers, the need for teasers in cloth manufacture, the role of the powder factory in the development of the woolen mill, and protection of the American market by the Nonintercourse Act. About half of these are exchanges between partners or employees.
Box
1 Peter Bauduy, 1809, 1812, 1814, 1815; 5 items
1 William H. Clifford, 1813
1 Charles Dalmas, undated
1 Raphael Du Planty, 1809, undated; 2 items
1 E. I. du Pont, 1810, undated; 6 items
1 Victor du Pont, 1814; 2 items
1 Vital Marie Garesché, 1814; 2 items
1 Abraham Bell, Jersey City, 1810
1 Henry L. Biscoe, Richmond, undated
1 Richard Caton, Baltimore, 1810
1 Manuel Eyre, Philadelphia, 1815
1 Robert R. Livingston, Clermont, N. Y., 1810
1 Alexander McKim, Washington, 1812
1 John Mason, Georgetown, D. C., undated
1 H. Robinson, New York, 1815
1 William Stuart, undated, undated
1 John Warder & Sons, Philadelphia, 1811
B. Incoming Correspondence, 1809-1815
81 items
Scope and Content
Letters received (81 items) pertain largely to inquiries or orders from wool producers or agents, and concern sales, prices, quality, and production of raw wool and cloth, blood lines and remedies for diseases of sheep, sources of supply for teasers, machinery, credit, methods of bleaching and dyeing, employment of dyers and apprentices. Other incidental subjects are: a passport for Du Pont de Nemours, projected publications on manufacturing and agriculture by James Mease and Thomas Cooper, the library of E. I. du Pont, Jefferson's flock of sheep and his home at Monticello, and a cattle show in Philadelphia.
Box
1 William Anderson (Member of Congress from Pennsylvania), Washington, 1809
1 Nicholas Arnous, Philadelphia, 1814
1 Abraham Bell, Jersey City, 1810
1 Erich Bollmann, Philadelphia, 1811
1 Lawrence & Stephen Brown, Philadelphia, 1814
1 James Caldwell, Philadelphia, 1810
1 J.C. Campbell, Wilmington, Del., 1810
1 James Canby, Wilmington, Del., 1814
1 Richard Caton, Brooklandwood near Baltimore, 1810
1 John R. Coates, Philadelphia, 1814
1 Edward Coles, Philadelphia, 1813
1 Thomas Cooper, Northumberland, Pa., 1809
1 George Coxen, Philadelphia, 1813
1 F. Duruflé, New York, 1811; 6 items
1 Thomas Emory, Poplar Grove, Centreville, Md., 1809; 3 items
1 Athans Fenwick, Great Mill St. Mary 's Co., Md., 1809
1 William H. Foote, Rose Hill, [Md.?], 1809
1 T. M. Forman, Rose Hill near Georgetown, [Md. ?], 1809
1 Edward Gilpin, Wilmington, Del., 1815
1 Anthony Girard, New York, 1811-1813; 9 items
1 Francis Haughey, New Castle, 1809
1 M. E. Heineken, Mt. Pleasant Germantown, Pa., 1812
1 Benjamin Howard, Washington, 1809; 2 items
1 Caleb Kirk, Christiana Hundred, Del., 1809; 3 items
1 Thomas Law on his projected cloth factory, Washington, 1812
1 Robert R. Livingston, Clermont, N. Y., 1809-1810; 4 items
1 Edward Lloyd, Easton, Md., 1812
1 Alexander McKim, Washington, 1812-1813; 3 items
1 Robert McKim, Baltimore, 1813; 2 items
1 James Mease, also his "Du Pont " field of grafts, Philadelphia, 1809; 2 items
1 William Miles, Philadelphia, 1811
1 John Mitchel, Belleville, N.J., 1811
1 John Montgomery, Danville, Pa., 1810; 2 items
1 J. P. Muhlenberg (for Oliver Evans), Mars Works, Pa., 1812
1 Richard Peters, Belmont near Philadelphia, 1810
1 David Prentice, Eagle Works, Philadelphia, 1810
1 Peter Regnier, Baltimore, 1809
1 John Reynolds, Wilmington, Del., 1810
1 Richardson & Duff (Union Factory), Baltimore, 1813
1 Richard Robinett, Philadelphia, 1812
1 William Thornton, Washington, 1809-1810; 6 items
1 John Vaughan, Philadelphia, 1809
1 John C. Vowell [Voxell?], Alexandria, Va., 1809
1 John Warder & Sons, Philadelphia, 1811; 3 items
1 John Warner, Philadelphia, 1810-1814; 3 items
1 William Young, Rockland, Del., 1810; 2 items
C. Accounts, 1805-1814
Approx. 249 items
Box
1 Statements of the creditor,Raphael Du Planty, Victor du Pont, or Vital-Marie Garesché - Clark & Simmons, lumber for Du Pont, Bauduy & Co., E. I. du Pont, Victor du Pont, and the powder factory, 1810
1 Statements of the creditor,Raphael Du Planty, Victor du Pont, or Vital-Marie Garesché - E. I. du Pont, cloth, payments for raw wool, investments with Peter Bauduy for mill seats, 1813, 1814
1 Statements of the creditor,Raphael Du Planty, Victor du Pont, or Vital-Marie Garesché - E. I. du Pont de Nemours & Co., cloth for powder workers, military uniforms for the Brandywine Rangers, payments for boarding and wages of woodcutters for the powder mill, 1813, 1814
1 Statements of the creditor,Raphael Du Planty, Victor du Pont, or Vital-Marie Garesché - William Young, cloth, 1813
1 Bills and receipts directed to E. I. du Pont, Victor du Pont, Du Pont, Bauduy & Co., or unspecified-Henry Abbott, stoves, 1809
1 Bills and receipts directed to E. I. du Pont, Victor du Pont, Du Pont, Bauduy & Co., or unspecified- Clark & Leonard, lumber, 1810, 1811
1 Bills and receipts directed to E. I. du Pont, Victor du Pont, Du Pont, Bauduy & Co., or unspecified- John Dauphin, tar, rope, 1810
1 Bills and receipts directed to E. I. du Pont, Victor du Pont, Du Pont, Bauduy & Co., or unspecified - Rumford and Abijah Dawes, 1810
1 Bills and receipts directed to E. I. du Pont, Victor du Pont, Du Pont, Bauduy & Co., or unspecified - Alexander Draper, lumber, 1810
1 Bills and receipts directed to E. I. du Pont, Victor du Pont, Du Pont, Bauduy & Co., or unspecified- James Dunn, cloth, 1812
1 Bills and receipts directed to E. I. du Pont, Victor du Pont, Du Pont, Bauduy & Co., or unspecified - E. I. du Pont, raw wool, cloth, 1813, 1814
1 Bills and receipts directed to E. I. du Pont, Victor du Pont, Du Pont, Bauduy & Co., or unspecified - E. I. du Pont de Nemours & Co., cloth for workers and U.S. officials, carpentry, cordage, wages for powder workers, 1813, 1814
1 Bills and receipts directed to E. I. du Pont, Victor du Pont, Du Pont, Bauduy & Co., or unspecified - Ferris & Gilpin, iron, 1810
1 Bills and receipts directed to E. I. du Pont, Victor du Pont, Du Pont, Bauduy & Co., or unspecified- Joseph Grubb, hardware, 1810, 1815
1 Bills and receipts directed to E. I. du Pont, Victor du Pont, Du Pont, Bauduy & Co., or unspecified-Howell, Robeson & Shaw, wine for Victor du Pont, billed to Company, 1813
1 Bills and receipts directed to E. I. du Pont, Victor du Pont, Du Pont, Bauduy & Co., or unspecified- Barzillai Jefferis, cabinetwork, 1810
1 Bills and receipts directed to E. I. du Pont, Victor du Pont, Du Pont, Bauduy & Co., or unspecified - Jacob Kirk, machinery, 1809
1 Bills and receipts directed to E. I. du Pont, Victor du Pont, Du Pont, Bauduy & Co., or unspecified - James McAlpin, military uniform, Philadelphia tailor, 1813
1 Bills and receipts directed to E. I. du Pont, Victor du Pont, Du Pont, Bauduy & Co., or unspecified- Daniel McEvers, cloth, 1814
1 Bills and receipts directed to E. I. du Pont, Victor du Pont, Du Pont, Bauduy & Co., or unspecified -John Mitchel, millwright, 1810
1 Bills and receipts directed to E. I. du Pont, Victor du Pont, Du Pont, Bauduy & Co., or unspecified - Aaron Paulson, blankets for Hagley, 1813
1 Bills and receipts directed to E. I. du Pont, Victor du Pont, Du Pont, Bauduy & Co., or unspecified-Henry J. Pepper, pointing gold-tipped lightning rods, 1811
1 Bills and receipts directed to E. I. du Pont, Victor du Pont, Du Pont, Bauduy & Co., or unspecified- Washington Rice, candles, 1814
1 Bills and receipts directed to E. I. du Pont, Victor du Pont, Du Pont, Bauduy & Co., or unspecified - Mathew Scott, cloth, 1812
1 Bills and receipts directed to E. I. du Pont, Victor du Pont, Du Pont, Bauduy & Co., or unspecified - Joseph Shipley, freight, military cockades, flour, 1810, 1814
1 Bills and receipts directed to E. I. du Pont, Victor du Pont, Du Pont, Bauduy & Co., or unspecified- George and William Simmons, lumber, 1811
1 Bills and receipts directed to E. I. du Pont, Victor du Pont, Du Pont, Bauduy & Co., or unspecified - William Walker, nails, 1810, 1811
1 Bills and receipts directed to E. I. du Pont, Victor du Pont, Du Pont, Bauduy & Co., or unspecified- John White & Co., glass, 1810, 1811
1 Bills and receipts directed to E. I. du Pont, Victor du Pont, Du Pont, Bauduy & Co., or unspecified - James Wilson, business paper, Military Guide, binding newspapers, printing political and advertising notices, 1814
1 Bills and receipts directed to E. I. du Pont, Victor du Pont, Du Pont, Bauduy & Co., or unspecified- undated or unidentified, freight, machinery, carpentry, and manufacturing costs, undated
1 Checks, drawn on the Bank of Wilmington and Brandywine for Du Pont, Bauduy & Co., signed by Victor du Pont or Raphael Du Planty for the Company, printed by Peter Brynberg, numbered by the Company, and cancelled by the bank with a press, 1810, 1811
1 Company check No. 1 drawn by Victor du Pont, 1810 July 3
1 Company check No. 44 sent to Mr. Eugene du Pont, 14 Dec 1908, 1810
1 Two promissory notes transferred between E.I. du Pont and the woolen factory reflecting his primary position in the firm (Victor du Pont signed for the Company), circa 1814
1 Documents, extracts, and memoranda on factory organization- extract of letter, John Wilson to Joshua Stroud, procedure for woolen cloth manufacture, 1805 December 6
1 Documents, extracts, and memoranda on factory organization- deed of sale from Peter Bauduy to woolen factory, ADF, 1810 February 26
1 Documents, extracts, and memoranda on factory organization- memoir by Raphael Du Planty, "Merinos-Woolen Cloth Manufactory ", describing buildings, machinery, costs, and projected manufacture, circa 1810-1811
1 Documents, extracts, and memoranda on factory organization -agreement between the Company and William H. Clifford regulating his contributions to the Company, 1811 April 26
1 Documents, extracts, and memoranda on factory organization- translation by Victor du Pont, articles of association of the woolen factory, Bauduy & Garesché, 1812 September 15
1 Documents, extracts, and memoranda on factory organization- extract by Raphael Du Planty concerning requirements by Indian Office for blankets, 1814 January 14
1 Documents, extracts, and memoranda on factory organization- cost estimates for projected woolen production, undated; 5 items
1 Documents, extracts, and memoranda on factory organization - memoranda on machinery arrangement and possible purchase, earmarks of sheep, and foreign cloth production, undated; 3 items
II. Du Planty, McCall & Co., 1813-1844
0.5 linear feet
Scope and Content
Du Planty, McCall & Company records include letters written by the partners and are largely concerned with orders for spinning machinery, cotton yarn, and raw cotton. There is some correspondence relating to the 1819 shut down. Also included are letters documenting construction of the mill and the employment of bleachers and dyers. There is some correspondence that indicates one Pouchet Belmare from Rouen was offering to pay for the passage of French workers to America. Financial records include accounts, bills, and receipts, including those for boarding workers (1815). There is also an employee list giving occupations and wages. Other records document the leasing of the mill to A. W. Adams & Co. in 1843, when it became known as Henry Clay Mill. In 1845 it was sold by the heirs of E. I. du Pont to E. I. du Pont de Nemours & Co.
A. Outgoing Correspondence
Scope and Content
Letters written by partners of the company, largely concerned with orders for spinning machinery, cotton yarn, the supply of raw cotton, and the shut-down of operations in 1819, but also relating to dam repairs, the reluctance of Du Planty to sell the mill in 1820, and arrangements for its lease or sale, 1821-25.
Box
2 William P. Bryan, Philadelphia, 1825; 2 items
2 Daniel Byrnes (Wilmington & Brandywine Bank), Wilmington, Del., 1818
2 John D. Carter, 1822
2 Raphael Du Planty, 1815, 1817-1820, undated; 18 items
2 Du Planty, McCall & Co., 1815; 4 items
2 E. I. du Pont, 1819-1820; 9 items
2 Jean Pierre Garesché, Eden Park, Wilmington, Del. On dispute over dam repairs, 1822; 3 items
2 Daniel Lammot, Philadelphia, 1825
2 Joshua [Josiah?] Lippincott, Philadelphia, 1825
2 Archibald McCall, Philadelphia, 1814-1815; 7 items
2 Alexander McKim, Baltimore, on sympathies on McKim 's $70,000 fire, 1815
2 George Read, Jr. and James Riddle (Bank of New Castle) New Castle, 1815
2 Unidentified, undated; 3 items
B. Incoming Correspondence
146 items
Scope and Content
Letters received pertain to machinery, construction, employment, bleaching and dyeing, finances, dam repairs, purchase of Louisiana cotton, bids to lease the factory, and related matters. Of particular interest are letters of: Pouchet Belmare, from Rouen, France, offering to pay for the passage of French workmen to America in exchange for cotton; Monsieur Ceriblier, of New York, regarding his plans for going to France to recruit workmen; and Dulac fils, of Nantes, France, on the fall of Napoleon in 1815.
Box
2 John Aldred, Weaver, Germantown, Pa., 1815; 2 items
2 Aldrichs & Dixon, Cotton machinery, Wilmington, Del., 1813; 2 items
2 Samuel Baldwin, Wilmington Furnace, Del., 1815
2 Baldwin & Thomas, Castings, Wilmington, Del., 1814; 2 items
2 Bauduy, Garesché & Co., Eden Park, Wilmington, Del., 1815
2 Bennet & Tennant, Philadelphia, 1815
2 John Bird, [Wilmington, Del.?], 1814
2 Briscoe & Partridge, Baltimore, 1815; 4 items
2 William P. Bryan (Lippincott & Bryan), Philadelphia, Bids to lease cotton factory for 7 years with option to buy, 1825; 2 items
2 Samuel Bush, Wilmington, Del., 1815
2 John Butterworth, Iron, Philadelphia, 1814; 2 items
2 John D. Carter, 1822; 2 items
2 Peter Caverly (cashier of Farmers Bank of Delaware), Wilmington, 1815
2 Monsieur Ceriblier [Criblier?], New York, Plans for a trip to France to hire workmen, 1814-1815; 7 items
2 Bernard Dahlgren, Philadelphia, 1814
2 James Danforth, New York, 1813
2 Monsieur Dulac fils, Nantes, France, regarding the fall of Napolean (incomplete), 1815
2 Pliny Earle & Bros., Carding machines, Leicester, Mass., 1813
2 Jean Pierre Garesché, Eden Park, Wilmington, Del., Dispute over dam repairs between Bauduy property, 1822; 2 items
2 Vital Marie Garesché, Wilmington, Del., 1814; 2 items
2 Edward Gilpin, Steel, Wilmington, Del., 1813
2 Anthony Girard, New York, regarding recommendation of Criblier for mill manager, cotton thread samples, orders, arrival of the Fingal with du Pont de Nemours, 1814-1815; 52 items
2 William F. Griffitts, Philadelphia, Inquiry on price of the cotton factory advertised for sale, 1825
2 Thomas Grimshaw, Philadelphia, 1815; 2 items
2 Joseph Grubb, Glass, Wilmington, 1814-1815; 3 items
2 Francois Guegand, Philadelphia, 1815
2 George & Francis Harley, Copper boiler, Philadelphia, 1815
2 William Harley, Metal reeds and gears, Philadelphia, 1815; 2 items
2 John Hedges, Wilmington, Del., 1815-1816; 2 items
2 Callender Irvine, Philadelphia, 1825
2 Daniel King, Philadelphia, 1815
2 William Kirk, Bricks, Wilmington, Del., 1815
2 Daniel Lammot, Philadelphia, regarding possible purchasers of the cotton factory, 1825; 8 items
2 Joshua Lippincott, Philadelphia, 1825
2 Robert McCleland, Philadelphia, 1819
2 Henry J. Pepper, 1820
2 Daniel Pettibone, Stove, Philadelphia, 1815; 5 items
2 William Poole & Co., Brandywine, Del., 1814
2 Pierre Abraham Pouchet Belmare, Rouen, France regarding arrangements to pay workmen's passage to the U.S. in exchange for cotton, 1815
2 Samuel Richards, Castings, Philadelphia, 1815; 2 items
2 James Riddle and George Read, of the Bank of New Castle, 1815
2 L. Salvé, 1815
2 John B. Shull, Philadelphia, 1815
2 Stephen Sicard, Jr., Philadelphia, 1815
2 Stroud & Hull, 1816
2 Thorp, Siddall & Co., Philadelphia, 1820
2 Charles Tilden, Georgetown Cross Roads, 1815
2 George Treytorrens, Dyer, Rome, N.Y., 1814-1815; 4 items
2 Noah Underwood, Philadelphia, 1819
2 Woodcock, Smith & Co., Leicester, Mass., 1814
2 Edward Worrell (cashier of the Bank of Delaware), Wilmington, Del., 1814-1815; 2 items
2 Duncan Wright, Bleachind and dyeing (Arkwright Factory) Coventry, R. I., 1813-1814; 2 items
2 William Young, Rockland, Del., 1815
C. Accounts
Approx. 257 items
Box
2 Account with Raphael Du Planty, E. I. du Pont, Victor Du Pont, Archibald McCall, 1814
2 Account with Bauduy, Garesché & Co., 1814
2 Account with E. I. du Pont de Nemours & Co., 1820
2 "Arch. McCall 's Statement of Cotton Mill at the time he wished to sell his shares "Arch. McCall 's Statement of Cotton Mill at the time he wished to sell his shares ," undated
2 "Calculation for making one piece of Sassinett "Calculation for making one piece of Sassinett ," undated
2 "Proforma acc 't Sales of bleached Cotton Twist "Proforma acc 't Sales of bleached Cotton Twist ," undated
2 Bills and receipts to Raphael Du Planty, Du Planty, McCall & Co., or E. I. du Pont - Augustine Bousquet & Co., Louisiana cotton, 1814
2 Bills and receipts to Raphael Du Planty, Du Planty, McCall & Co., or E. I. du Pont - William Boyd, carpenter, 1813, 1815
2 Bills and receipts to Raphael Du Planty, Du Planty, McCall & Co., or E. I. du Pont - Buntings & Watson, lumber, 1813-1814
2 Bills and receipts to Raphael Du Planty, Du Planty, McCall & Co., or E. I. du Pont - James Carnahan, wheelwright, 1813, 1815
2 Bills and receipts to Raphael Du Planty, Du Planty, McCall & Co., or E. I. du Pont - Clark & Leonard, lumber, 1813
2 Bills and receipts to Raphael Du Planty, Du Planty, McCall & Co., or E. I. du Pont - Mr. Criblier, expenses to Philadelphia and Baltimore, 1814
2 Bills and receipts to Raphael Du Planty, Du Planty, McCall & Co., or E. I. du Pont - Raphael Du Planty, 1815
2 Bills and receipts to Raphael Du Planty, Du Planty, McCall & Co., or E. I. du Pont - Victor du Pont, taxes, 1814
2 Bills and receipts to Raphael Du Planty, Du Planty, McCall & Co., or E. I. du Pont - Edward Gilpin, iron, 1813-1815
2 Bills and receipts to Raphael Du Planty, Du Planty, McCall & Co., or E. I. du Pont - John Hedges, rope, 1814-1815
2 Bills and receipts to Raphael Du Planty, Du Planty, McCall & Co., or E. I. du Pont - Peter Hendrickson, hauling, 1813, 1815
2 Bills and receipts to Raphael Du Planty, Du Planty, McCall & Co., or E. I. du Pont - Others for meat and provisions, board for workmen, coal, lime, road tolls, taxes, etc.
2 Bills and receipts to Raphael Du Planty, Du Planty, McCall & Co., or E. I. du Pont - Invoices, 1815
2 Promissory notes and sight drafts including items related to purchase of Louisiana cotton, mill machinery, and construction, 1813-1814,1816,1819
Box
3 Agreements and contracts - contract with George Hodgson & Bros. for carding engines, 1813
3 Agreements and contracts - articles of agreement between J. Hirons, Jr., and Raphael Du Planty for renting Hiron 's house, 1813
3 Agreements and contracts - arrangements for workmen at boarding houses, 1815
3 Agreements and contracts -indenture of Enoch Thomas to Du Planty, McCall & Co. for three years ' instruction from Criblier, 1815
3 Agreements and contracts - agreement with Criblier for him to bring workmen and machinery from France (1814), and later enlargement of this contract, 1815
3 Agreements and contracts - contract with Thompson & Jones to weave 50,000 yds. of drilling, undated
3 Miscellany - list of employees of Du Planty, McCall & Co. and of Bauduy, Garesché & Co., 1813
3 Miscellany - prices of cotton yarns in New York, 1814
3 Miscellany - memorandum and account book of Raphael Du Planty, 1815
3 Miscellany - list of Du Planty, McCall & Co. workmen and their jobs, 1815
3 Miscellany - mule [spinners] room and office time sheet, 1815
3 Miscellany- "...the subscriptions... ", apparently notes on partnership listing shareholders and values of their stock: E. I. du Pont, Archibald McCall, Raphael Du Planty, Robert McCall, Victor du Pont, undated
3 Miscellany - memo on water twist and mule twist, circa 1814
3 Miscellany - "Cash paid the Farmers Bank on account of mortgage of Du Planty, McCall & Co. ," 1837-1843
3 Henry Clay Mill Miscellany - Letters from Alfred V. du Pont to A. W. Adams & Co., 1844
3 Henry Clay Mill Miscellany - Letters to Alfred V. du Pont from: A. W. Adams & Co., 1844
3 Henry Clay Mill Miscellany - Letters to Alfred V. du Pont from: Robert M. Canby re A. Stephens & Co., a subsequent lessee, 1844
3 Henry Clay Mill Miscellany - Land survey of the mill, circa 1843
III. Brandywine Mill Seat Co., 1798-1854
33 items
Scope and Content
Brandywine Mill Seat Company records, consist of correspondence, accounts, agreements and memoranda describing the acquisition of property, the attempt to sell mill seats to Cardon & Company records, 1825-1833, include copies of the 1815 articles of association and the company's contract with L.F. Chenou. There is also correspondence between Cardon and Bidermann concerning the dissolution of the firm and final financial settlements. Letters of Cardon to Bidermann and du Pont, written after the dissolution, relate to unpaid promissory notes and Cardon's iron works. There are several bills and receipts concerning the supply of hides and skins, wages, freights, and house rent.manufacturers, and the final disposition of the company's real estate and water rights.
Box
3 Correspondence concerning sale of mill seats, accounts with the heirs of Caleb Kirk, mortgage held by Paul Beck, and transfer of water rights with label by Alfred V. du Pont, "Millseat propertys opposite Bancroft 's ," 1837-1839
Box
3 Letters to Alfred V. du Pont, administrator, from William P. Brobson, 1835
Box
3 Letters to Alfred V. du Pont, administrator, from Caleb Kirk [Jr.], Ewingsville, Md., 1837-1838
Box
3 Letters to Alfred V. du Pont, administrator, from John G. Elliott, Waynesville, Oh., 1839
Box
3 Copy of an agreement between William Young and Caleb Kirk relating to mutual water rights, 1798
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3 Bond from Kirk to E. I. du Pont, James Jefferis, John Warner, William Warner, and John Torbert, 1813 April 30
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3 Bond from E. I. du Pont to Job Harvey, 1813 April 30
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3 Bond from E. I. du Pont to Caleb Kirk (Nos. 1, 2), 1813 June 26
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3 Agreement between John Torbert, agent of the company, and Thomas Maguire, to regulate the mill race on the Harvey property, with related papers, 1813 July 3
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3 Agreement between Caleb Kirk and others with George Hudson, Thomas Hudson, Isaac Hudson, machinists, of Christiana Hundred, sale of part of former Harvey property, 1813 August 23
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3 Bond from Caleb Kirk and others to Charles Tatem, blacksmith, sale of part of former Harvey property, 1814 March 25
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3 Public notice by E. I. du Pont concerning mill property advertised for sale by Peter Bauduy [see claims by du Pont against Bauduy in his suit with Victor du Pont against Bauduy and Alexander Deschapelles, Court of Chancery, State of Delaware, 16 May 1822], 1822 October 26
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3 Notes and memoranda by Alfred V. du Pont on the disposal of the company 's real estate, 1854, undated
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3 Accounts, bills, and receipts pertaining to purchase of property from Louis McLane, 1813 March 12
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3 Property deeds, drawn by Jonas P. Fairlamb and Joseph Read, 1813
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3 Purchase of the Bauduy, Garesché & Co. mill seat, 1813-1814; 4 items
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3 Bonds to Caleb Kirk, circa 1814
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3 Bill, William H. Naff, advertising sales of mill seats Nos. 2, 3, 1837
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3 Receipt, Caleb Kirk [Jr.] to Alfred V. du Pont, 1839
IV. A. Cardon & Co., 1815-1833
2.5 linear feet
Scope and Content
Cardon & Company records, include copies of the 1815 articles of association and the company's contract with L.F. Chenou. There is also correspondence between Cardon and Bidermann concerning the dissolution of the firm and final financial settlements. Letters of Cardon to Bidermann and du Pont, written after the dissolution, relate to unpaid promissory notes and Cardon's iron works. There are several bills and receipts concerning the supply of hides and skins, wages, freights, and house rent.
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3 Correspondence-Cardon to Bidermann, 1825-1833; 7 items
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3 Correspondence-Cardon to E. I. du Pont, 1825
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3 Correspondence- Cardon to John Walters, 1826
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3 Correspondence-Bidermann to Cardon, 1825-1833; 6 items
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3 Correspondence -Bidermann to James J. Barclay, 1830
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3 Correspondence-E. I. du Pont to Bidermann, undated
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3 Unidentified correspondent, 1827
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3 Incoming - Henry M. Crawford, Philadelphia, 1828
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3 Incoming- John White, Philadelphia, 1833
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3 Incoming - William Graydon, Harrisburg, 1833
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3 Incoming- Francis Gurney Smith, Philadelphia, 1833
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3 Enclosure- (William Graydon to John White), 1833
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3 Accounts with Mrs. E. I. du Pont, 1817, 1818
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3 Accounts with E. I. du Pont de Nemours & Co., 1820
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3 Order to pay Henry Pepper, 1820
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3 Bills and receipts-James Morrison, 1820-1825
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3 Bills and receipts- Mrs. E. I. du Pont, 1821-1825
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3 Bills and receipts - P. Abbott & Co., 1827
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3 Document- Agreement between Alexandre Cardon de Sandrans, Jacques [James] Antoine Bidermann, and Louis Francois Chenou, concerning services by Chenou, 1815 December 29
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3 Articles of association for the tannery, A. Cardon & Co., 1815 December 29
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3 Memoir by James Antoine Bidermann, history of the tannery, undated
V. Rockland Manufacturing Company, 1825-1856
440 items
Scope and Content
Rockland Manufacturing Company records are chiefly concerned with the interests of the stockholders and creditors, and with the disposition of the property. Wage lists for 1848 give data on both male and female employees. Records also include the 1825 act of incorporation.
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4 Copy of the act of incorporation of the "Rockland Manufacturing Co. on the Brandywine ", successor to W. Young, Son & Co., naming as Directors William Young, William Wallace Young, Isaac Bannister, John McAllister, John McAllister, Jr., capital not in excess of $300,000, 1825
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4 John McAllister, Jr., Edward T. Warner, John Steward, W. W. Young, J. Evans Young, to Alfred V. du Pont requesting an appraisal of the Company 's buildings and assets, 1843
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4 Alfred V. du Pont 's answer to John McAllister, Jr., Edward T. Warner, John Steward, W. W. Young, J. Evans Young, estimating the sale value of the property, 1843
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4 G. F. Huber to Alfred V. du Pont regarding errors in deeds of land bought by Huber from the Company, 1843
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4 "Estimated Value of the Rockland property ", Alfred V. du Pont 's evaluation of Brandywine power for cotton, 1844
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4 Alfred V. du Pont, "Memorandum relative to settlement with W.W. Young ," 1845
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4 John McCallister, Jr. 's notice of the election of Alfred V. du Pont, Cyrus Hillborn, George W. Richards as Directors to fill vacancies created by the deaths of William Young [1829], 1846
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4 John McAllister, Isaac Bannister, and the resignations of Joseph T. Warner, Edward T. Warner, J. Evans Young, 1846
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4 "Proposed resolution by the Directors " outlining payment of Company debts to its employees, 1847
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4 John M. Young to Alfred V. du Pont, with weekly wages of the Company workmen, 1848
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4 Cyrus Hillborn 's views on needed improvements and plan to purchase shares from McAllister, Richards, and Alfred V. du Pont, 1848
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4 Alexander Porter, Delaware District Marshal, inventory and appraisal of goods and chattels belonging to the company, 1848
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4 Company account book with wages, etc., 1848
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4 Marshal 's sale of Company machinery to Alfred V. du Pont and John McAllister, Jr., 1849
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4 Lease by the Company to Cyrus Hillborn of the Rockland mills for three years, 1849
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4 John Gorrie, agent for Hillborn, "list of appraisement of the effects destroyed by fire Oct 2nd & 3rd 1849 ,"
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4 Articles of agreement with specifications, between James Goodman and Cyrus Hillborn, as agent for the Company, for Goodman to build a new weaving mill for $2850, 1849
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4 Alfred V. du Pont, "Calculation relative to the cost of the weaving mill to be build at Rockland ," 1849
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4 Cyrus Hillborn to and from Alfred V. du Pont, question of putting the Company property up for sale, which would ruin Hillborn, 1850
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4 Alfred V. du Pont to the Levy Court of New Castle County, describing lots sold at auction, 1849 May
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4 Alfred V. du Pont, "Memorandum of the present State of the Rockland Man 'g Co. 's real estate, made March 7th 1850 ,"
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4 Death of McAllister 's brother-in-law J. Evans Young, 1850
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4 Alfred V. du Pont to John McAllister, Jr., regarding getting security from Hillborn for his recent possession of the new mill by having Hillborn 's machinery insured as "ours " for an amount sufficient to cover funds lent by them to Hillborn, 1850
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4 Alfred V. du Pont, "Specifications made with J. Goodman...The plan of the building was altered before Goodman broke ground ," 1850
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4 Cyrus Hillborn to and from Alfred V. du Pont, regarding du Pont 's order for the property to be sold for nonpayment of Hillborn 's debt, arrangements for Restore Carter to purchase lien held by du Pont on Hillborn 's Rockland property, so that the sale may be stopped, and Hillborn 's attempts to buy the mill now only leased to him, 1851
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4 John McAllilster, Jr., to and Alfred V. du Pont, on the same topics as the Hillborn letters, statement of insurance on the Rockland buildings and machinery, marshal 's sale in May by which machinery purchase is "confirmed " to McAllister and du Pont, Hillborn 's "suspension or failure" in September, closing of the mills by the sheriff, 1851
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4 Bills form the Evening Bulletin (Philadelphia), American (Baltimore), North American and United States Gazette (Philadelphia) for advertising, 1851 April 23
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4 Marshal 's sale of the Company real estate and water power, 1851
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4 Notice that sale has been stopped, 1851 May 19
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4 Elections in July of Directors John McAllister, Jr. [President], Joseph T. Warner [Treasurer], Jacob Backhouse, Charles Warner, Alfred V. du Pont, 1851
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4 James A. Bayard to Alfred du Pont, concerning McLanahan & Pleasants' lawsuit against the Company, 1851
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4 Cyrus Hillborn to and from Alfred V. du Pont, on the securing of Hillborn's debt to du Pont by the Rockland machinery, du Pont's desire to sell the rapidly deteriorating machinery, Hillborn's hopes to buy the Rockland property through his friends at private sale, 1853
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4 Joseph T. Warner to Alfred V. du Pont, re Bayard's plan to sell the Rockland property when the bonds mature, 1853
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4 Alfred V. du Pont to Edward W. Gilpin, stating that the bonds given by the Company to its hands come due Jan 1854, and that the bondholders want the real estate sold and the business closed, 1853
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4 Cyrus Hillborn to and from Alfred V. du Pont, regarding Hillborn's proposal to buy Rockland property by paying all bondholders in full, du Pont 's refusals to sell to Hillborn, sale of machinery in May, sale of mills to A. E. Jessup of Jessup & Moore and to Henry du Pont of E. I. du Pont de Nemours & Co., Hillborn's hopes to rent from them, 1854
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4 John McAllister, Jr., to and from Alfred V. du Pont, sheriff's sales in October of the real estate to Jessup and of Hillborn's personal property at Rockland, insurance transferred to Jessup and Henry du Pont, 1854
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4 Alfred V. du Pont to Charles I. du Pont, stating in September that Hillborn no longer has anything to do with Rockland real estate other than being a tenant and a share holder in the Company, of which the stock is worthless, 1854
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4 Alfred V. du Pont to Edward W. Gilpin, attempts to discourage the Daniel Lammots from moving to Rockland from Chester Creek, 1855
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4 Cyrus Hillborn to and from Alfred V. du Pont, inventory readied by du Pont for the sale of the rusted machinery, purchase for a paper mill by Jessup & Moore of du Pont's interest in the Rockland real estate, cotton machinery to be removed by October, sale of machinery scheduled for September 22 [which did not take place at that time], 1855
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4 Joseph T. Warner to Alfred V. du Pont, with a statement of Hillborn's indebtedness to the Company, 1855
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4 Copy of Cyrus Hillborn to John McAllister, Jr., asking for cancellation of Hillborn's contract with the Company, 1856
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4 Alfred V. du Pont to and from John McAllister, Jr., sale in June of machinery for $2700 gross, a price lower than the appraisal, 1856
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4 Cyrus Hillborn to and from Alfred V. du Pont, "Account with Cyrus Hillborn," 1851 December-1856 January
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4 Edward W. Gilpin to and from Alfred V. du Pont, regarding agreement by Hillborn that the machinery, held by McAllister and Alfred V. du Pont as security against Hillborn, be sold and the proceeds applied to their claims, 1856
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4 Alfred V. du Pont, "Statement of Shafting...etc. at the Rockland Mills, being the property of John McAllister [Jr.] and Alfred V. du Pont ," 1856
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4 Purchase of machinery by Elias Dickens, Jessup & Moore, et al., 1856
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4 Estimates for a 2500 spindle cotton mill, to cost about $50,000, undated