James Packer collection of Joy Manufacturing Company photographsCreation: 1921-1988
The Joy Manufacturing Company was a major manufacturer of underground mining and materials handling machinery. The photographs were collected by retired corporate secretary James Packer (1920-2008) in 1985 for the purpose of writing a company history. This small collection consists of photographs, mostly group portraits of staff. The collection dates range from the 1921 to 1988. The materials are so sporadic that there is no bulk date.
- Creation: 1921-1988
0.25 Linear Feet
General Physcial Description
2 photographic prints : b&w ; 8 x 10 in. 1 photographic print : b&w : 3.5 x 5 in. 5 photographic prints : color ; 4 x 5 in. 2 photographic prints : b&w ;7.5 x 9.5 in. mounted. 1 photographic : print ; b&w 11 x 14 in. 1 photographic print : color ; 11 x 14 in. 1 item : envelope. 6 items. 1 item : 2 pages.
The Joy Manufacturing Company was a major manufacturer of underground mining and materials handling machinery. The company was founded in 1920 by Joseph Francis Joy (1883-1957). Joy is remembered as an inventor and a pioneer who revolutionized the way minerals are mined. He holds 190 patents which improved safety and efficiency of mining.
Born in Cumberland, Maryland, Joy began working in the coal mines at the age of twelve. In adulthood he worked as an engineer for various companies while developing various inventions on the side. His invention of a practical mechanical solution to the coal-loading process eventually prompted him to start his own company.
Financial difficulties caused in part by a nationwide coal strike forced a refinancing of the company, and Joy resigned on April 2, 1925. Later he was contracted as a lifetime consultant. The company went through a period of expansion in the 1940s through the 1960s, acquiring several manufacturing companies.
By 1984, the Joy Manufacturing Company was one of the world’s leading producers of capital equipment for the extractive mineral industries with twenty-four manufacturing plants, several foreign manufacturing subsidiaries, and a sales presence in over fifteen countries. In 1987, Joy’s shareholders approved a $620 million leveraged buyout by a group of investors associated with the investment firm of Adler & Shaykin in order to escape a hostile takeover by Pullman-Peabody, a truck trailer and airline seating manufacturer. The purchasers reorganized the company as Joy Technologies, Inc.
The photographs were collected by retired corporate secretary James Packer (1920-2008) in 1985 for the purpose of writing a company history, but the project was cancelled following the hostile takeover in 1987.
Scope and Content
This small collection consists of photographs, mostly group portraits of staff. The collection dates range from the 1921 to 1988, the materials are so sporadic that there is no bulk date. There is one photograph of Joseph Francis Joy and T.J. McNabb in a coal yard; an image of a small plane which was manufactured by Joy; some organizational changes memorandums with charts; and an exterior view of the Joy Manufacturing plant. There are also some snapshots of employees Tom O'Brien and Ray Dorazio in downtown Pittsburgh.
This collection is open for research.
Language of Materials
Gift of the collector's daughter, 2009
Joy Manufacturing Company records (Accession 2463), Manuscripts and Archives department, Hagley Museum and Library.
Finding Aid & Administrative Information
- James Packer collection of Joy Manufacturing Company photographs
- Description rules:
- Describing Archives: A Content Standard
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