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E.I. du Pont de Nemours & Company Repauno Works historical files
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E.I. du Pont de Nemours & Company Repauno Works historical files

Accession 2387

Hagley Museum and Library: Manuscripts and Archives Department Department, Hagley Museum and Library


PO Box 3630
Wilmington, Delaware, 19807
302-658-2400
research@hagley.org

Finding aid prepared by Jason Sylvestre, April 2007, 1918-1983, bulk 1965-1983

This finding aid was produced using the Archivists' Toolkit 2013-03-25T11:15-0400

Finding aid prepared using best local practices and Describing Archives: A Content Standard

Cite items for this collection in the following format:
[Description and dates], Box/folder number, E.I. du Pont de Nemours & Company Repauno Works historical files (Accession 2387), Hagley Museum and Library, Wilmington, DE 19807

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Descriptive Summary

Title: E.I. du Pont de Nemours & Company Repauno Works historical files
Dates: 1918-1983, bulk 1965-1983
Accession Number: 2387
Creator: E.I. du Pont de Nemours and Company. Repauno Works.
Extent: 1 linear foot
Language of Material: English
Repository: Hagley Museum and Library: Manuscripts and Archives Department
Abstract: In 1880, Lammot du Pont and others formed the Repauno Chemical Company and began to manufacture dynamite at a remote site on the Delaware River near Gibbstown, N.J. E. I du Pont de Nemours & Company assumed operations in 1902. This accession consists of material collected for the 100th anniversary of the E.I. du Pont de Nemours & Company Repauno Works.
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Historical Note

The Repauno Chemical Company was incorporated in the Superior Court of Delaware on June 7, 1880, by Lammot and William du Pont for the purpose of manufacturing the new high explosive dynamite. Additional subscriptions were secured from E.I. du Pont de Nemours & Company, the Laflin & Rand Powder Company, and the Hazard Powder Company, the latter already controlled by DuPont. Initially, the DuPont Company did not get involved in dynamite production directly; it felt the product too new and dangerous, but supported Lammot du Pont in his efforts. The company built its works at a remote site on the Delaware River near Gibbstown,N.J., taking its name from nearby Repaupo Creek Explosions claimed a number of lives over the course of dynamite production, including Lammot du Pont’s in an explosion in 1884.

The Eastern Dynamite Company was incorporated in New Jersey on June 28, 1895, for the purpose of acquiring the stocks of the Repauno Chemical Company, the Hercules Powder Company in California, and the Atlantic Dynamite Company and operating them in the interest of the big three gunpowder producers. In 1902, the cousins Alfred I., Pierre S. and T. Coleman du Pont acquired control of DuPont, Laflin & Rand and Hazard, and in the following year they vested all operations in the E.I. du Pont de Nemours Powder Company. The Repauno Chemical Company was merged into the Eastern Dynamite Company in May 1904. In 1902, the du Ponts built the Eastern Laboratory, one of their first research facilities, at the Repauno Works.

In 1912, DuPont was ruled in violation of the antitrust laws, and to restore competition, parts of its assets were transferred to two new, independent firms, the Atlas Powder Company and the Hercules Powder Company. Under this plan, the Eastern Dynamite Company was dissolved, and its plants distributed among the new companies. The Repauno Works stayed with E.I. du Pont de Nemours & Company as part of its Explosives Department.

The Eastern Laboratory was responsible for bringing production of TNT to Repauno. After the TNT manufacturing process was refined, production moved from the Eastern Laboratory to Repauno. Despite following strict safety procedures, the Repauno Works experienced another devastating explosion on May 15, 1916. The explosion killed fourteen people and destroyed two buildings. The explosion stood for nearly fifty years as the worst in DuPont Company history. The TNT plant was not rebuilt at Repauno. Following World War I, chemists at the Eastern Laboratory began to explore acid production. Throughout the interwar period and following World War II, acid production was refined. In 1954, dynamite production was phased out in favor of the production of commodity chemicals, primarily acids (especially nitric acid). In 1980, the Repauno Works celebrated its centennial anniversary.

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Scope and Content

This accession consists of a small historical file formerly kept at the Repauno Works. The majority of the materials focuses on the 100th anniversary of the Works. The collection includes company histories prepared for the centennial, correspondence, guest lists and thank you notes from centennial attendees, organizational charts, and other information about the Repauno Works. It also includes various DuPont employee publications including Dynam-Item.

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Arrangement

Arranged alphabetically by subject.

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Separated Material

Publications from this collection are housed in the Published Collections Department.

Repauno Works Photograph Collection (Accession 1976.309), Audiovisual Collections and Digital Initiatives Department, Hagley Museum and Library

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Series Descriptions and Inventory

Box
1 1940 Plant Employee Survey (workers information for different parts of plant)
Box
1 150th Anniversary of the DuPont Company, 1952
Box
1 25th Anniversary (Victoria Plant), 1979
Box
1 25th Anniversary celebration of Beaumont Works, 1981
Box
1 Carney Point dismantling, 1978
Box
1 Centennial Celebration - Repauno Works - Correspondence, 1980
Box
1 Centennial Celebration - Repauno Works - Presentation, 1980
Box
1 Centennial Celebration - Repauno Works - Guest list, 1980
Box
1 Communicators - Graphic Communications Division Service Directory
Box
1 DuPont Magazine
Box
1 DuPont Oval
Box
1 Eastern Laboratory Organization Charts, 1959-1970
Box
1 Fires, Explosions, and Accidents at Repauno, 1932
Box
1 Gibbstown, NJ History
Box
1 Grasselli Plant Safety Day, 1980
Box
1 Labor Relations History, 1962
Box
1 Line Cuts - material for Repauno Christmas newsletter, 1960
Box
1 Major injury - fatality report, 1959
Box
1 Map of Bridgeport, NJ, 1953
Box
1 Meetings of Dynam-Item Staff, 1919
Box
1 Newspapers, 1940
Box
1 NRC exhibit, 1980
Box
1 Open house, Repauno Works, 1965
Box
1 People, 1919, 1945, 1949, 1950, 1958
Box
1 Photographs of various DuPont plants, 1955-1960, 1974
Box
1 Repauno History - Company Histories, 1980-1983
Box
1 Repauno History - Correspondence, 1964-1967, 1973
Box
1 Repauno History - Articles, 1940, 1951, 1967