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James Zellner glass plate negatives
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James Zellner glass plate negatives

Accession 1974.278

Audiovisual Collections and Digital Initiatives Department, Hagley Museum and Library


PO Box 3630
Wilmington, Delaware, 19807
302-658-2400
askhagley@hagley.org

Finding aid prepared by Skylar Harris, 2019.

This finding aid was produced using the Archivists' Toolkit 2019-10-18T08:45-0400

Finding aid prepared using best local practices and Describing Archives: A Content Standard

Cite items for this collection in the following format:
[Description and dates], Box/folder number, James Zellner glass plate negatives (Accession 1974.278), Hagley Museum and Library, Wilmington, DE 19807

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Descriptive Summary

Title: James Zellner glass plate negatives
Dates: circa 1870-1895
Accession Number: 1974.278
Creator: Zellner, James, 1836-1897
Extent: 2.75 linear feet
Physical Description: 32 glass plate negatives : b&w ; 4 x 5 inches or smaller. 117 glass plate negatives : b&w ; 5 x 8 inches. 44 photographic prints : b&w ; 8 x 10 in. or smaller.
Language of Material: English
Repository: Hagley Museum and Library: Audiovisual Collections and Digital Initiatives Department
Abstract: This collection consists of glass plate negatives showing scenes from Carbon County, Pennsylvania during the second half of the nineteenth century, as well as a selection of archival prints. The majority of the images show scenes from Mauch Chunk (now Jim Thorpe) and the surrounding area, the Mauch Chunk Switchback Railway, and the waterfalls at Glen Onoko.
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Administrative Information


Provenance

These glass plate negatives are undated and are not labeled or otherwise marked to indicate a photographer. They were purchased from a dealer in 1974.

Existence and Location of Copies

View selected items online in Hagley Digital Archives .

Access to Collection

This collection is open for research.

Glass plate negatives do not circulate.

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Historical Note

While these images are not labeled or otherwise marked to indicate a photographer, it is assumed that they were all taken by the same person. These images are documented elsewhere in the historical record; exact duplicates of many of these images appear in stereoviews published by James Zellner, a photographer working out of Mauch Chunk, Pennsylvania.

Zellner’s stereoviews were published as two apparently identical series; ‘Scenery of the Lehigh Valley Rail Road. The Most Prominent Points in Mauch Chunk, the Switzerland of America: Glen Onoko, and along the line of the Switch-Back Rail Road’, which was published under the name of James Zelner, and ‘Scenery of the Lehigh & Susq. Div., Central Railroad of New Jersey. Stereoscopic Views of the Most Prominent Points in Mauch Chunk, the Switzerland of America: Glen Onoko and the Lehigh Valley, and along the line of the Switch-Back Railroad’, which was published under the name of James Zellner, presumably to capitalize on the opening of the Central Railroad of New Jersey’s rail station in Mauch Chunk in 1888. Illustrations based on these images also appear in viewbooks from Charles Frey Original Souvenir Albums company, ‘Souvenir of Mauch Chunk, Glen Onoko, & Switch Back R. R.’ and ‘Souvenir of Mauch Chunk. Switzerland of America’.

James Zellner was born to Charles and Elizabeth Zellner in Beaver Run, Pennsylvania on June 8, 1836. He was the second of eight children. By 1850, the family was living in Mauch Chunk, Pennsylvania, where Zellner would live the rest of his life. On April 16, 1865, Zellner married Elizabeth M. George (1841-1871). The couple had three daughters and a son together before Elizabeth’s death in 1871. Soon after, James married Sarah Anna Miller (1851-1885), with whom he had another three daughters and a son before Sarah’s death in 1885. James Zellner died at his home in the Fairview Hill section of Mauch Chunk on November 2, 1897 and was buried in Mauch Chunk Cemetery.

During Zellner’s life in Mauch Chunk, he operated out of at least two photography studios, and is credited as being the first operator of a photograph gallery in the town. During an unspecified period of time, he was located at the the corner of Race and Susquehanna Streets. A city directory from 1873 places him on Broadway, opposite the American Hotel. An 1875 property map locates James Zellner at 158 West Broadway, between J. Brelsford and J. Kirstler, though it is not specified whether this is a storefront or a residence. In addition to his work documenting the region surrounding his home, he also photographed a series of images in the American South in the summer of 1881 as a commission for Charles F. Schneur, proprietor of the Switch-Back Bazaar at Mauch Chunk’s Mansion House hotel.

About a third of the images in this collection depict the town of Mauch Chunk and the surrounding region. Mauch Chunk, which was renamed Jim Thorpe in 1954 after the famous athlete Jim Thorpe, was a company town founded in 1818 by Josiah White, Erskine Hazard, and George Hauto on behalf of the Lehigh Coal & Navigation Company. The industrial purpose of the town was to serve as a railroad and coal-shipping center to move coal mined by the Lehigh Coal & Navigation Company to markets along the east coast.

Much of the coal that reached Mauch Chunk was transported via the Mauch Chunk Switchback Railway, which is also well-represented in this collection. The railway was a private line operated by the Lehigh Coal & Navigation Company. The nine-mile long railway was constructed to replace a wagon road and began operating on May 5, 1827. It was a partially gravity powered railway that ran between Mount Pisgah at Mauch Chunk and Mount Jefferson at Summit Hill, where the Lehigh Coal & Navigation Company operated anthracite mines. Initially, the railway relied on animal power to hoist cars up the inclines, but after 1846, cars were hoisted using the steam-powered funicular system seen in this collection. The photographs in this collection document the railway’s use as a tourist attraction and passenger railroad, a secondary use that began in 1861 and became the railway’s primary function after the construction of an 1872 railway tunnel rerouted coal lines. After 1872, the Lehigh Coal & Navigation Company leased the operation of the passenger line to the Central Railroad of New Jersey, who then subleased it to a succession of other private operators until 1933, when declining ridership resulted in the closure of the line.

The majority of the remaining identified images in this collection document scenes from Glen Onoko, a scenic tourist attraction located nearby Mauch Chunk that was and continues to be best known for its nature trails, scenic overlooks, and many waterfalls. A small number of identified images document sites in Summit Hill, Penn Haven, and areas along the Lehigh River. There are fourteen images whose subjects could not be identified.

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Scope and Content

This collection is divided into five series. In addition to the criteria noted below, images have also been dated based on their appearance in Zellner’s stereoview series, at least one of which was probably published in or shortly after 1888.

The first and largest series consists of fifty-five images that are, or are most likely, of Mauch Chunk, Pennsylvania. The photographs are undated, but often include landmarks that help narrow the likely date range. Most of the glass negatives in this collection have been assigned an approximate date based on the images in this series. The presence of St. Mark’s Episcopal Church in images indicates that the photograph was made no later than 1869; there are no images of the site of the church in which it does not appear. Other notable sites include the Harry Packer mansion, which was built in 1874 and the Soldiers and Sailors Monument, erected in 1886. The collection does include photographs taken before and after the 1882 construction of the Lehigh Coal and Navigation Company office building. Photographs taken both prior to and after the 1888 construction of the railroad station for the Central Railroad of New Jersey are also found in this collection. Mauch Chunk’s second and third courthouses also both appear in this collection. The second was built in 1850 and demolished in 1893; construction on the third was completed on the same site in 1894. The collection also includes a number of photographs from a scenic overlook at Prospect Rock. Graffiti visible in these images has been used to date the photographs to before and after August 3, 1891.

The second series contains thirty-six images of attractions and scenes at Glen Onoko. There are few sites in this series that can be definitely dated to a range beyond the years in which James Zellner was active.

The third series of thirty-two glass negatives documents scenes along the Mauch Chunk Switchback Railway. As they show the railway’s operations as a passenger rail service, rather than a coal-hauling operation, they must have been taken no earlier than 1861, most likely after 1872.

The fourth series of thirteen glass negatives includes short runs of identifiable miscellaneous locations along the Lehigh Valley Railroad’s rail-lines, including Summit Hill, Penn Haven junction, and the Packerton rail yards (operational from 1865 to 1972).

The fifth series consists of fifteen glass negatives documenting people or locations that could not be identified.

The sixth and final series consists of forty-four photographic prints made from the glass negatives described above, probably created around the time that the collection was acquired. These prints have not been digitized.

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Access Points

Mauch Chunk (Pa.)--History--Pictorial works.
Railroads.
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Series Descriptions and Inventory

I. Mauch Chunk and surrounding area, circa 1880-1895
Box Folder
1 1-3 Mauch Chunk, from Flagstaff Mountain, circa 1885 [View of Mauch Chunk and the Lehigh River from a lookout point on Flagstaff Mountain.] ; 3 glass plate negative : b&w ; 5 x 8 in.
Box Folder
1 4 Mauch Chunk, Susquehanna Street and railroad, circa 1885 [View along Susquehanna Street showing the Mansion House hotel, Mansion House bridge, St. Mark's Episcopal Church, the office of the Lehigh Coal & Navigation Co., Asa Packer mansion, and the Mauch Chunk Cemetery.] ; 1 glass plate negative : b&w ; 4.5 x 4 in.
Box Folder
6 1 Mauch Chunk, Susquehanna Street and railroad, circa 1885 [View along Susquehanna Street showing the Mansion House hotel, Mansion House bridge, St. Mark's Episcopal Church, the office of the Lehigh Coal & Navigation Co., Asa Packer mansion, and the Mauch Chunk Cemetery.] ; 1 photographic print : b&w ; 8 x 10 in.
Box Folder
1 5-6 Mauch Chunk, looking across river at mansions, circa 1885 [View of mansions on Packer Hill, including the Asa Packer mansion and Harry Packer mansion, as well as the Mauch Chunk Cemetery, railroad lines along the Lehigh River, and Mauch Chunk Switchback Railway station.] ; 2 glass plate negative : b&w ; 5 x 8 in.
Box Folder
6 1 Mauch Chunk, looking across river at mansions, circa 1885 [View of mansions on Packer Hill, including the Asa Packer mansion and Harry Packer mansion, as well as the Mauch Chunk Cemetery, railroad lines along the Lehigh River, and Mauch Chunk Switchback Railway station.] ; 2 photographic prints : b&w ; 5 x 8 in.
Box Folder
1 7-9 Mauch Chunk, view of the Lehigh Valley Railroad station, circa 1885 [View of the Lehigh Valley Railroad station in East Mauch Chunk at the base of Bear Mountain, from across the Lehigh River. The Mansion House hotel, Mansion House bridge, St. Mark's Episcopal Church, the office of the Lehigh Coal & Navigation Co., and the] ; 3 glass plate negative : b&w ; 5 x 8 in.
Box Folder
6 1 Mauch Chunk, view of the Lehigh Valley Railroad station, circa 1885 [View of the Lehigh Valley Railroad station in East Mauch Chunk at the base of Bear Mountain, from across the Lehigh River. The Mansion House hotel, Mansion House bridge, St. Mark's Episcopal Church, the office of the Lehigh Coal & Navigation Co., and the] ; 2 photographic prints : b&w ; 5 x 8 in. and smaller
Box Folder
1 10 Mauch Chunk, looking east past terraced gardens, circa 1885 [View of terraced plantings, possibly on Mount Pisgah, looking east toward St. Mark's Episcopal Church, the Lehigh River, and Bear Mountain.] ; 1 glass plate negative : b&w ; 5 x 8 in.
Box Folder
6 1 Mauch Chunk, looking east past terraced gardens, circa 1885 [View of terraced plantings, possibly on Mount Pisgah, looking east toward St. Mark's Episcopal Church, the Lehigh River, and Bear Mountain.] ; 1 photographic print : b&w ; 8 x 10 in.
Box Folder
1 11 Mauch Chunk, from along river, circa 1880 [View of Mansion House Bridge over the Lehigh River, showing Susquehanna Street, and including the Mansion House hotel, St. Mark's Episcopal Church, the Asa Packer mansion and Harry Packer mansion, the Mauch Chunk Cemetery, and Mauch Chunk Switchback Railw] ; 1 glass plate negative : b&w ; 5 x 8 in.
Box Folder
1 12-14 Mauch Chunk, view from Prospect Rock, circa 1885 [View of Susquehanna Street, Mansion House Bridge over Lehigh River, and Bear Mountain. Notable buildings depicted in the image include the Mansion House hotel, St. Mark's Episcopal Church, the office of the Lehigh Coal & Navigation Co., the Asa Packer man] ; 3 glass plate negative : b&w ; 5 x 8 in.
Box Folder
1 15 Mauch Chunk, view from Prospect Rock, circa 1895 [View of Susquehanna Street, Mansion House Bridge over Lehigh River, and Bear Mountain. Notable locations depicted in the image include the G.W. Hooven Mercantile Company, St. Mark's Episcopal Church, the office of the Lehigh Coal & Navigation Co., the Cen] ; 1 glass plate negative : b&w ; 5 x 8 in.
Box Folder
1 16-19 Mauch Chunk, Bear Mountain from Prospect Rock, circa 1885 [View of the Mansion House Bridge over the Lehigh River and the Lehigh Valley Railroad station in East Mauch Chunk at the base of Bear Mountain. Similar images seen elsewhere are cited as having been photographed from Prospect Rock.] ; 4 glass plate negative : b&w ; 4.5 x 4 in.
Box Folder
1 20 Mauch Chunk, from below Lehigh Valley Railroad station, circa 1885 [View of the Lehigh River and Lehigh Valley Railroad Station, with Mansion Street Bridge and Mansion House hotel. The Mauch Chunk Switchback Railway's powerhouse and bridge at the peak of Mount Pisgah can also be seen.] ; 1 glass plate negative : b&w ; 5 x 8 in.
Box Folder
1 21-23 Mauch Chunk, Lehigh Valley Railroad station and down river, circa 1885 [View of the Lehigh River and Lehigh Valley Railroad Station.] ; 3 glass plate negative : b&w ; 5 x 8 in.
Box Folder
6 1 Mauch Chunk, Lehigh Valley Railroad station and down river, circa 1885 [View of the Lehigh River and Lehigh Valley Railroad Station.] ; 1 photographic print : b&w ; 5 x 8 in.
Box Folder
1 24-26 Mauch Chunk, view of Mount Pisgah, circa 1885 [View over small valley looking out toward Mount Pisgah. The Mauch Chunk Switchback Railway's powerhouse at the peak of Mount Pisgah is visible.] ; 3 glass plate negative : b&w ; 5 x 8 in.
Box Folder
6 1 Mauch Chunk, view of Mount Pisgah, circa 1885 [View over small valley looking out toward Mount Pisgah. The Mauch Chunk Switchback Railway's powerhouse at the peak of Mount Pisgah is visible.] ; 1 photographic print : b&w ; 5 x 8 in.
Box Folder
1 27 Mauch Chunk, from behind looking at river, circa 1885 [View from above, possibly from the switchback railroad on Mount Pisgah, looking toward St. Mark's Episcopal Church, the Lehigh River, and Bear Mountain.] ; 1 glass plate negative : b&w ; 5 x 8 in.
Box Folder
1 28 Mauch Chunk, looking west, away from river, circa 1885 [View from above, looking toward Mount Pisgah. Image shows streets, homes, and other buildings in Mauch Chunk, as well as a terraced incline and the Mauch Chunk Switchback Railway's powerhouse at the peak of Mount Pisgah.] ; 1 glass plate negative : b&w ; 5 x 8 in.
Box Folder
6 1 Mauch Chunk, looking west, away from river, circa 1885 [View from above, looking toward Mount Pisgah. Image shows streets, homes, and other buildings in Mauch Chunk, as well as a terraced incline and the Mauch Chunk Switchback Railway's powerhouse at the peak of Mount Pisgah.] ; 1 photographic print : b&w ; 5 x 8 in.
Box Folder
2 1 Mauch Chunk, bird's eye view from Bear Mountain, circa 1885 [View from Bear Mountain, overlooking Mauch Chunk in the direction of Mount Pisgah, including the Asa Packer mansion, St. Mark's Episcopal Church, Mauch Chunk Cemetery, nd the Mauch Chunk Switchback Railway's powerhouse and bridge at the peak of Mount Pisg] ; 1 glass plate negative : b&w ; 5 x 8 in.
Box Folder
6 1 Mauch Chunk, bird's eye view from Bear Mountain, circa 1885 [View from Bear Mountain, overlooking Mauch Chunk in the direction of Mount Pisgah, including the Asa Packer mansion, St. Mark's Episcopal Church, Mauch Chunk Cemetery, nd the Mauch Chunk Switchback Railway's powerhouse and bridge at the peak of Mount Pisg] ; 1 photographic print : b&w ; 8 x 10 in.
Box Folder
2 2 Mauch Chunk, view of Mount Pisgah, circa 1885 [View from hillside looking toward Mount Pisgah. The Mauch Chunk Switchback Railway's powerhouse at the peak of Mount Pisgah is visible.] ; 1 glass plate negative : b&w ; 5 x 8 in.
Box Folder
2 3-4 Mauch Chunk, looking toward river from switchback railroad, circa 1885 [View of Mauch Chunk from above showing the Lehigh Valley Railroad Station, Mansion House Bridge, St. Mark's Episcopal Church, and the office of the Lehigh Coal & Navigation Co..] ; 2 glass plate negative : b&w ; 5 x 8 in.
Box Folder
6 1 Mauch Chunk, looking toward river from switchback railroad, circa 1885 [View of Mauch Chunk from above showing the Lehigh Valley Railroad Station, Mansion House Bridge, St. Mark's Episcopal Church, and the office of the Lehigh Coal & Navigation Co..] ; 1 photographic print : b&w ; 5 x 8 in.
Box Folder
2 5 Mauch Chunk, looking toward river from switchback railroad, circa 1880 [View of Mauch Chunk from above showing the Lehigh Valley Railroad Station, Mansion House Bridge, and St. Mark's Episcopal Church. The office of the Lehigh Coal & Navigation Co. does not appear to be present.] ; 1 glass plate negative : b&w ; 5 x 8 in.
Box Folder
2 6 Mauch Chunk, from switchback railroad station, circa 1885 [View of Mauch Chunk from above showing Mansion House Bridge, Susquehanna Street , the Mansion House hotel, St. Mark's Episcopal Church, and the office of the Lehigh Coal & Navigation Co..] ; 1 glass plate negative : b&w ; 5 x 8 in.
Box Folder
2 7 Mauch Chunk, north end, circa 1885 [View of what might be the north end section of Mauch Chunk, with Mount Pisgah to the left. The Mauch Chunk Switchback Railway's powerhouse at the peak of Mount Pisgah is visible.] ; 1 glass plate negative : b&w ; 5 x 8 in.
Box Folder
2 8 Mauch Chunk, above at a distance towards river, circa 1885 [View of Mauch Chunk from above looking toward Bear Mountain, showing Mauch Chunk Cemetery, the Lehigh River, St. Mark's Episcopal Church, and the office of the Lehigh Coal & Navigation Co..] ; 1 glass plate negative : b&w ; 5 x 8 in.
Box Folder
2 9 Mauch Chunk, above at a distance towards river, circa 1880 [View of Mauch Chunk from above looking toward Bear Mountain, showing Mauch Chunk Cemetery, the Lehigh River, and St. Mark's Episcopal Church.] ; 1 glass plate negative : b&w ; 5 x 8 in.
Box Folder
2 10-11 Mauch Chunk, bird's-eye view from Bear Mountain, circa 1885 [General view of Mauch Chunk showing St. Mark's Episcopal Church, the office of the Lehigh Coal & Navigation Co., the Asa Packer mansion and Harry Packer mansion, the Mauch Chunk Cemetery, Mauch Chunk Switchback Railway station. and the Mauch Chunk Switchb] ; 2 glass plate negative : b&w ; 5 x 8 in.
Box Folder
6 1 Mauch Chunk, bird's-eye view from Bear Mountain, circa 1885 [General view of Mauch Chunk showing St. Mark's Episcopal Church, the office of the Lehigh Coal & Navigation Co., the Asa Packer mansion and Harry Packer mansion, the Mauch Chunk Cemetery, Mauch Chunk Switchback Railway station. and the Mauch Chunk Switchb] ; 2 photographic print : b&w ; 5 x 8 in. and smaller
Box Folder
2 12 Mauch Chunk, in town looking at Packer Mansion, circa 1885 [View from above showing the second of Mauch Chunk's courthouses (built in 1850 and demolished in 1893) at the corner of Broadway and Susquehanna, structures along Broadway (including the American Hotel), the European House on Susquehanna Street, the Asa P] ; 1 glass plate negative : b&w ; 5 x 8 in.
Box Folder
6 1 Mauch Chunk, in town looking at Packer Mansion, circa 1885 [View from above showing the second of Mauch Chunk's courthouses (built in 1850 and demolished in 1893) at the corner of Broadway and Susquehanna, structures along Broadway (including the American Hotel), the European House on Susquehanna Street, the Asa P] ; 1 photographic print : b&w ; 5 x 8 in.
Box Folder
2 13 Mauch Chunk, Packer Mansion detail, circa 1885 [Detail view of the Harry Packer mansion, built in 1874 as a wedding gift to Harry Packer (1850-1884) from his father Asa Packer (1805-1879), a major stockholder of the Lehigh Valley Railroad and member of the U.S. House of Representatives.] ; 1 glass plate negative : b&w ; 5 x 8 in.
Box Folder
6 1 Mauch Chunk, Packer Mansion detail, circa 1885 [Detail view of the Harry Packer mansion, built in 1874 as a wedding gift to Harry Packer (1850-1884) from his father Asa Packer (1805-1879), a major stockholder of the Lehigh Valley Railroad and member of the U.S. House of Representatives.] ; 1 photographic print : b&w ; 5 x 8 in.
Box Folder
2 14 Mauch Chunk, on riverbank, circa 1885 [View from rail line along the base of Bear Mountain, looking across the Lehigh River to Susquehanna Street, the Mansion House Bridge, and Mansion House hotel.] ; 1 glass plate negative : b&w ; 5 x 8 in.
Box Folder
6 1 Mauch Chunk, on riverbank, circa 1885 [View from rail line along the base of Bear Mountain, looking across the Lehigh River to Susquehanna Street, the Mansion House Bridge, and Mansion House hotel.] ; 2 photographic prints : b&w ; 8 x 10 in.
Box Folder
2 15-16 Mauch Chunk(?), street work, circa 1885 [Scene showing street work being performed, apparently to lay rail lines, in what is probably either Mauch Chunk or Summit Hill.] ; 2 glass plate negative : b&w ; 5 x 8 in.
Box Folder
6 1 Mauch Chunk(?), street work, circa 1885 [Scene showing street work being performed, apparently to lay rail lines, in what is probably either Mauch Chunk or Summit Hill.] ; 2 photographic prints : b&w ; 8 x 10 in. and smaller
Box Folder
2 17 Mauch Chunk, Civil War monument, circa 1890 [The Soldiers and Sailors Monument, created by the Monumental Bronze Company of Bridgeport, CT, and dedicated in 1886. The monument is located at the present-day junction of Hazard Square and Packer Hill Ave. The Asa Packer mansion and the Mauch Chunk Ceme] ; 1 glass plate negative : b&w ; 8 x 5 in.
Box Folder
6 1 Mauch Chunk, Civil War monument, circa 1890 [The Soldiers and Sailors Monument, created by the Monumental Bronze Company of Bridgeport, CT, and dedicated in 1886. The monument is located at the present-day junction of Hazard Square and Packer Hill Ave. The Asa Packer mansion and the Mauch Chunk Ceme] ; 1 photographic print : b&w ; 8 x 5 in.
Box Folder
2 18 Mauch Chunk, Lehigh Coal and Navigation Company office building, circa 1895 [View of Lehigh Valley Railroad offices, designed by Addison Hutton for the Lehigh Valley Railroad. The building was sold to the Lehigh Coal and Navigation Company before its completion in 1882. This image shows the section of the building fronting Susqueh] ; 1 glass plate negative : b&w ; 5 x 8 in.
Box Folder
6 1 Mauch Chunk, Lehigh Coal and Navigation Company office building, circa 1895 [View of Lehigh Valley Railroad offices, designed by Addison Hutton for the Lehigh Valley Railroad. The building was sold to the Lehigh Coal and Navigation Company before its completion in 1882. This image shows the section of the building fronting Susqueh] ; 1 photographic print : b&w ; 5 x 8 in.
Box Folder
2 19 Mauch Chunk, Lehigh Coal and Navigation Company office building, circa 1885 [View of the Lehigh Coal and Navigation Company office building, designed by Addison Hutton for the Lehigh Valley Railroad. The building was sold to the Lehigh Coal and Navigation Company before its completion in 1882. This image shows the section of the b] ; 1 glass plate negative : b&w ; 5 x 8 in.
Box Folder
2 20 Mauch Chunk, Susquehanna Street, circa 1885 [View of Susquehanna Street looking south. Businesses identified include the Columbia House hotel, the Mauch Chunk hotel, C.A. Schweitzer's blacksmith shop, and, in the distance, the Mansion House hotel.] ; 1 glass plate negative : b&w ; 5 x 4 in.
Box Folder
6 1 Mauch Chunk, Susquehanna Street, circa 1885 [View of Susquehanna Street looking south. Businesses identified include the Columbia House hotel, the Mauch Chunk hotel, C.A. Schweitzer's blacksmith shop, and, in the distance, the Mansion House hotel.] ; 1 photographic print : b&w ; 8 x 10 in.
Box Folder
2 21 Mauch Chunk, Broadway, circa 1885 [View of a street scene in front of the American Hotel on Broadway, as seen from a height, possibly from James Zellner's storefront. The Asa Packer Mansion is visible in the background above.] ; 1 glass plate negative : b&w ; 5 x 4 in.
Box Folder
2 22 Mauch Chunk, street scene, circa 1885 [View of businesses at from what is probably the corner of Race and Susquehanna, possibly even the storefront operated by James Zellner. Other visible storefronts include P.F. Murray Boots, Shoes, Leather, and Shoe Findings; C.E. Dehart Tobacco & Cigars; a] ; 1 glass plate negative : b&w ; 5 x 4 in.
Box Folder
2 23 Mauch Chunk, St. Mark's Episcopal Church, circa 1885 [View of St. Mark's Episcopal Church on Race Street near Susquehanna Street.] ; 1 glass plate negative : b&w ; 5 x 3.75 in.
Box Folder
2 24 Mauch Chunk, hillside behind houses, circa 1885 [View of terraced hillside looking out over Mauch Chunk.] ; 1 glass plate negative : b&w ; 4.25 x 4 in.
Box Folder
2 25-26 Mt. Pisgah, from bridge over Lehigh River, circa 1885 [View from an unidentified location over the Lehigh River. The landmass at the left side of the image appears to be Mount Pisgah, with the switchback railway rails and powerhouse visible near the peak.] ; 2 glass plate negative : b&w ; 5 x 8 in.
Box Folder
6 1 Mt. Pisgah, from bridge over Lehigh River, circa 1885 [View from an unidentified location over the Lehigh River. The landmass at the left side of the image appears to be Mount Pisgah, with the switchback railway rails and powerhouse visible near the peak.] ; 1 photographic print : b&w ; 5 x 8 in.
Box Folder
2 27 Flagstaff Mountain, group photograph, circa 1885; 1 glass plate negative : b&w ; 5 x 8 in.
Box Folder
6 1 Flagstaff Mountain, group photograph, circa 1885; 1 photographic print : b&w ; 8 x 10 in.
II. Glen Onoko, circa 1880-1890
Box Folder
3 1 Glen Onoko, Pulpit Rocks, circa 1880; 1 glass plate negative : b&w ; 5 x 8 in.
Box Folder
6 1 Glen Onoko, Pulpit Rocks, circa 1880; 1 photographic print : b&w ; 8 x 10 in.
Box Folder
3 4-5 Glen Onoko, rustic staircase, circa 1880; 4 glass plate negative : b&w ; 8 x 5 in. and smaller
Box Folder
6 1 Glen Onoko, rustic staircase, circa 1880; 1 photographic print : b&w ; 5 x 8 in.
Box Folder
3 6-10 Glen Onoko, Chameleon Falls, circa 1880; 5 glass plate negative : b&w ; 8 x 5 in.
Box Folder
3 11-12 Glen Onoko, Onoko Falls, circa 1880 [View of frozen waterfalls at Glen Onoko, probably Onoko Falls.] ; 2 glass plate negative : b&w ; 8 x 5 in.
Box Folder
3 13 Glen Onoko, Terrace Falls(?), circa 1880 [View of an unidentified waterfall, probably in Glen Onoko, possibly Terrace Falls.] ; 1 glass plate negative : b&w ; 5 x 8 in.
Box Folder
3 14 Glen Onoko, Pilgrim's Progress, circa 1880; 1 glass plate negative : b&w ; 4.5 x 4 in.
Box Folder
3 15-17 Glen Onoko, Cave Falls, circa 1880; 3 glass plate negative : b&w ; 5 x 8 in.
Box Folder
3 18 Glen Onoko, Dual Vista(?), circa 1880 [View of unidentified waterfall, probably at Glen Onoko.] ; 1 glass plate negative : b&w ; 8 x 5 in.
Box Folder
3 19 Glen Onoko, bridge over falls, circa 1880 [View of a bridge over an unidentified waterfall, probably at Glen Onoko.] ; 1 glass plate negative : b&w ; 5 x 8 in.
Box Folder
3 20-21 Glen Onoko, path alongside falls, circa 1880 [View of a path alongside an unidentified waterfall, probably at Glen Onoko.] ; 2 glass plate negative : b&w ; 5 x 8 in. and smaller
Box Folder
3 22-25 Glen Onoko, Laurel Cascade(?), circa 1880 [View of an unidentified waterfall, probably at Glen Onoko, possibly Laurel Cascade.] ; 4 glass plate negative : b&w ; 5 x 8 in. and smaller
Box Folder
3 26-28 Glen Onoko, Falls of Onoko, circa 1880 [View of an unidentified waterfall, probably at Glen Onoko, possibly Onoko Falls.] ; 3 glass plate negative : b&w ; 8 x 5 in.
Box Folder
3 29 Glen Onoko, Cascade above Sunrise Point(?), circa 1880 [View of an unidentified waterfall, probably at Glen Onoko, possibly the cascade above Sunrise Point.] ; 1 glass plate negative : b&w ; 8 x 5 in.
Box Folder
3 30-31 Glen Onoko, people on bridge over falls, circa 1880 [View of two people on a bridge over an unidentified waterfall, probably at Glen Onoko, possibly the cascade above Sunrise Point.] ; 2 glass plate negative : b&w ; 4.5 x 4 in.
Box Folder
3 32 Glen Onoko(?), refreshment stand, circa 1880 [View from inside a rustic refreshment stand, possibly at Glen Onoko, possibly from within the train station at Glen Onoko.] ; 1 glass plate negative : b&w ; 5 x 8 in.
Box Folder
6 1 Glen Onoko(?), refreshment stand, circa 1880 [View from inside a rustic refreshment stand, possibly at Glen Onoko, possibly from within the train station at Glen Onoko.] ; 2 photographic prints : b&w ; 8 x 10 in.
Box Folder
3 33 Glen Onoko(?), train station, circa 1880 [View from above of a train station, possibly at Glen Onoko.] ; 1 glass plate negative : b&w ; 5 x 8 in.
Box Folder
3 34-36 Glen Onoko, Packer's Point, circa 1880 [View from Packer's Point, a scenic overlook platform at Glen Onoko Falls, looking out over the Nesquehoning Valley.] ; 3 glass plate negative : b&w ; 5 x 8 in.
Box Folder
6 1 Glen Onoko, Packer's Point, circa 1880 [View from Packer's Point, a scenic overlook platform at Glen Onoko Falls, looking out over the Nesquehoning Valley.] ; 1 photographic print : b&w ; 3.5 x 7 in.
Box Folder
3 37 Glen Onoko, Lehigh Valley Railroad Station, circa 1880 [View of railroad tracks at the Lehigh Valley Railroad station at Glen Onoko, looking more or less south. The Glen itself would be behind the photographer. The Central Railroad of New Jersey bridge and tunnel are visible in the background. A scenic overlook platform is visible in the distance.] ; 1 glass plate negative : b&w ; 5 x 8 in.
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3 38 Glen Onoko, Lehigh Valley Railroad Station scenic overlook, circa 1880 [View from an unidentified scenic overlook, possibly the one shown in the background of the Lehigh Valley Railroad station at Glen Onoko - the structure is similar and the sign on the tree shows an arrow pointing 'To Station'.] ; 1 glass plate negative : b&w ; 5 x 8 in.
III. Mauch Chunk Switchback Railway, circa 1880
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4 1-7 Mauch Chunk Switchback Railway, Mt. Pisgah plane, circa 1890; 7 glass plate negative : b&w ; 5 x 8 in. and smaller
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6 1 Mauch Chunk Switchback Railway, Mt. Pisgah plane, circa 1880; 3 photographic prints : b&w ; 8 x 10 in. and smaller
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4 8-9 Mauch Chunk Switchback Railway, looking down Mt. Pisgah, circa 1880; 2 glass plate negative : b&w ; 5 x 8 in. and smaller
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4 11-12 Mauch Chunk Switchback Railway, looking north from Mt. Pisgah, circa 1880; 3 glass plate negative : b&w ; 5 x 8 in.
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4 13-15 Mauch Chunk Switchback Railway, from Mt. Pisgah trestle, circa 1880 [View from Mauch Chunk Switchback Railway trestle behind the powerhouse on Mt. Pisgah.] ; 3 glass plate negative : b&w ; 5 x 8 in.
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6 1 Mauch Chunk Switchback Railway, from Mt. Pisgah trestle, circa 1880 [View from Mauch Chunk Switchback Railway trestle behind the powerhouse on Mt. Pisgah.] ; 1 photographic print : b&w ; 8 x 10 in.
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4 16-18 Mauch Chunk Switchback Railway, Mt. Jefferson plane, circa 1880; 3 glass plate negative : b&w ; 8 x 5 in. and smaller
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4 19 Mauch Chunk Switchback Railway, Mt. Jefferson, looking down, circa 1880; 1 glass plate negative : b&w ; 5 x 4 in.
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4 20 Mauch Chunk Switchback Railway, two mile turn, circa 1880; 1 glass plate negative : b&w ; 5 x 4 in.
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4 21-22 Mauch Chunk Switchback Railway, homeward bound on the Switch-Back, circa 1880; 2 glass plate negative : b&w ; 5 x 8 in.
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6 1 Mauch Chunk Switchback Railway, homeward bound on the Switch-Back, circa 1880; 1 photographic print : b&w ; 5 x 8 in.
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4 23 Mauch Chunk Switchback Railway, car ascending the plane of Mt. Jefferson, circa 1880 [View of an excursion car on the Mount Jefferson decline, crossing over the downgrade tracks.] ; 1 glass plate negative : b&w ; 5 x 8 in.
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4 24 Mauch Chunk Switchback Railway, car ascending 'Five Mile Tree', circa 1880 [Mauch Chunk Switchback Railway car ascending a point known as Five Mile Tree, about halfway between Mt. Pisgah and Mt. Jefferson planes where the ''up' and 'down' tracks cross.] ; 1 glass plate negative : b&w ; 5 x 8 in.
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4 25-26 Mauch Chunk Switchback Railway, home stretch, three miles, circa 1880; 2 glass plate negative : b&w ; 5 x 8 in.
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4 27-31 Mauch Chunk Switchback Railway, group posing with car, circa 1880; 5 glass plate negative : b&w ; 5 x 8 in.
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6 1 Mauch Chunk Switchback Railway, group posing with car, circa 1880; 3 photographic prints : b&w ; 5 x 8 in.
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4 32 Mauch Chunk Switchback Railway, car at a turn in woods, circa 1880; 1 glass plate negative : b&w ; 5 x 8 in.
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6 1 Mauch Chunk Switchback Railway, car at a turn in woods, circa 1880; 1 photographic print : b&w ; 5 x 8 in.
IV. Various locations, circa 1880-1890
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5 1 Summit Hill, burning mines, circa 1880 [View of figure at the site of the Summit Hill underground coal mine fire.] ; 1 glass plate negative : b&w ; 5 x 8 in.
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5 2 Summit Hill, number nine tunnel, circa 1880 [This image appears in James Zellner's 'Scenery of the Lehigh Valley Rail Road' series of stereoscopic viewing cards. It is number 31 in the series, titled 'No. 9 Tunnel'. However, the site may actually be Coaldale, in the Panther Creek Valley west of Mauch Chunk, near the end of the Switchback Railroad when it was used for hauling coal.] ; 1 glass plate negative : b&w ; 5 x 8 in.
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6 1 Summit Hill, number nine tunnel, circa 1880; 2 photographic prints : b&w ; 8 x 10 in. and smaller
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5 3 Summit Hill, railway station, circa 1880 [View of a Mauch Chunk Switchback Railway car and passengers at the Summit Hill railway station.] ; 1 glass plate negative : b&w ; 5 x 4 in.
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6 1 Summit Hill, railway station, circa 1880 [View of a Mauch Chunk Switchback Railway car and passengers at the Summit Hill railway station.] ; 1 photographic print : b&w ; 5 x 8 in.
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5 4-7 Summit Hill, town view, circa 1880 [View of Summit Hill from a culm bank, or coal waste pile, once located between what is now South and South Market Streets.] ; 4 glass plate negative : b&w ; 5 x 8 in.
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6 1 Summit Hill, town view, circa 1880 [View of Summit Hill from a culm bank, or coal waste pile, once located between what is now South and South Market Streets.] ; 1 photographic print : b&w ; 5 x 8 in.
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5 8 Summit Hill, view from wooded hillside, circa 1880; 1 glass plate negative : b&w ; 5 x 8 in.
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5 9 Penn Haven House, circa 1880 [View of the Penn Haven House, a boarding house and hotel for workers and travelers on the Lehigh Valley Railroad's Main and Hazleton lines, as well as the Central Railroad of New Jersey. Penn Haven Station is located behind the building.] ; 1 glass plate negative : b&w ; 5 x 8 in.
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5 10-11 Penn Haven Junction, circa 1890 [View of the Penn Haven Station railroad junction for the Lehigh Valley Railroad's Main and Hazleton lines, as well as the Central Railroad of New Jersey.] ; 2 glass plate negative : b&w ; 5 x 8 in.
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5 12-13 Packerton railroad yards, circa 1890 [View from above of the site of the Packerton railroad yards, where the Lehigh Valley Railroad kept its car repair shops 1865 until 1972.] ; 2 glass plate negative : b&w ; 5 x 8 in.
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6 1 Packerton railroad yards, circa 1880 [View from above of the site of the Packerton railroad yards, where the Lehigh Valley Railroad kept its car repair shops 1865 until 1972.] ; 1 photographic print : b&w ; 8 x 10 in.
V. Unidentified locations, circa 1880
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5 14-15 View from scenic overlook, circa 1880 [View from above of an unidentified location that appears to be on the Lehigh River and canal.] ; 2 glass plate negative : b&w ; 5 x 8 in.
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5 16 Lehigh River scene, circa 1880 [View from above of an unidentified location that appears to be on the Lehigh River and canal.] ; 1 glass plate negative : b&w ; 5 x 8 in.
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5 17-20 Dam No. 1, Lehigh River, circa 1880 [View from above looking at the Lehigh River and the town of East Mauch Chunk.] ; 4 glass negatives : b&w ; 5 x 8 in. and smaller (some broken)
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5 21 Snowy scene, circa 1880; 1 glass plate negative : b&w ; 5 x 8 in.
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5 22 Portrait of a woman, circa 1880 [Portrait of an unidentified woman.] ; 1 glass plate negative : b&w ; 8 x 5 in.
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5 23-25 Street scenes, circa 1880 [View of a street scene at an unidentified location.] ; 3 glass plate negative : b&w ; 8 x 5 in.
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6 1 Street scene, circa 1880 [View of a street scene at an unidentified location.] ; 2 photographic prints : b&w ; 8 x 10 in. and smaller
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5 26 Water wagon with circus in distance, circa 1880 [View of a water wagon on an unidentified street lined with homes, with what appears to be a circus in the distance.] ; 1 glass plate negative : b&w ; 5 x 8 in.
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6 1 Water wagon with circus in distance, circa 1880 [View of a water wagon on an unidentified street lined with homes, with what appears to be a circus in the distance.] ; 1 photographic print : b&w ; 5 x 8 in.