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Katherine Wooten biographical sketch of Stephen Onion
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Katherine Wooten biographical sketch of Stephen Onion

Accession 0475

Manuscripts and Archives Department, Hagley Museum and Library


PO Box 3630
Wilmington, Delaware, 19807
302-658-2400
research@hagley.org

This finding aid was produced using the Archivists' Toolkit 2014-06-03T13:30-0400

Finding aid prepared using best local practices and Describing Archives: A Content Standard

Cite items for this collection in the following format:
[Description and dates], Box/folder number, Katherine Wooten biographical sketch of Stephen Onion (Accession 0475), Hagley Museum and Library, Wilmington, DE 19807

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Descriptive Summary

Title: Katherine Wooten biographical sketch of Stephen Onion
Dates: 1964
Accession Number: 0475
Creator: Wooten (Wallace), Katherine, 1893-1971
Extent: 1 item
Language of Material: English
Repository: Hagley Museum and Library: Manuscripts and Archives Department
Abstract: Stephen Onion (d. 1754) was an important ironmaster in the Chesapeake colonies during the early 18th century. The document is a three-page biographical sketch of Stephen Onion, copied from more extensive genealogical notes. The sketch includes several quotations from Onion's letters, which are not otherwise identified.
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Administrative Information


Access Restrictions

The collection is open for research.

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Biographical Note

Stephen Onion, an important ironmaster in the Chesapeake colonies, came to Maryland from Staffordshire, England, in 1721 as an employee of the Principio Company in Cecil County. He was in charge of the works in 1722 and 1723, but was demoted for extravagance and mismanagement and replaced by John England. Despite this setback, he remained with the Principio Company for some time, and in the 1730s was acting as ironmaster at Charles Carroll's Baltimore Iron Works. By 1749 he had returned to the northern part of Maryland and established furnaces and forges along Deer Creek. He also established a furnace on the Little Gunpowder River. He died in Baltimore County on August 26, 1754.

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Scope and Content

The document is a three-page biographical sketch of Stephen Onion, copied from more extensive genealogical notes. The sketch includes several quotations from Onion's letters, which are not otherwise identified.

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Access Points

Iron industry and trade--Maryland.
Maryland--Iron industry and trade.
Onion, Stephen, d. 1754.
Principio Company.
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