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Carter & Scattergood records
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Carter & Scattergood records

Accession 0376

Manuscripts and Archives Department, Hagley Museum and Library


PO Box 3630
Wilmington, Delaware, 19807
302-658-2400
research@hagley.org

This finding aid was produced using the Archivists' Toolkit 2013-09-12T15:58-0400

Finding aid prepared using best local practices and Describing Archives: A Content Standard

Cite items for this collection in the following format:
[Description and dates], Box/folder number, Carter & Scattergood records (Accession 0376), Hagley Museum and Library, Wilmington, DE 19807

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Descriptive Summary

Title: Carter & Scattergood records
Dates: 1826-1903
Accession Number: 0376
Creator: Carter & Scattergood.
Extent: 0.8 linear feet
Language of Material: English
Repository: Hagley Museum and Library: Manuscripts and Archives Department
Abstract: The Philadelphia chemical manufacturing firm of Carter & Scattergood was founded in 1834. It continued to do business under that name until 1911, when it was sold to the Henry Bower Chemical Manufacturing Company. Their records include day books, ledgers, receipt books, laboratory books containing records of wages, materials, processes and apparatus; production tables; correspondence including one describing in detail the first four years of the firm's operations; and receipts and bills.
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Administrative Information


Access Restrictions

The collection is open for research.

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Historical Note

The Philadelphia chemical manufacturing firm of Carter & Scattergood was founded in 1834. It continued to do business under that name until 1911, when it was sold to the Henry Bower Chemical Manufacturing Company.

The business was founded in 1754 by John Elliott, who had come to Philadelphia from Bolton, England, the previous year. Elliott originally dealt in glass, to which was added the silvering of mirrors. The business was continued by his son, John, and by his grandsons, John and Elliott. The grandsons further expanded the business to include drugs, paints and colors and constructed a manufacturing laboratory at 19th and Pine Streets around 1812.

John Carter, the son of a Maryland miller, entered the firm as an apprentice in 1816. On January 1, 1834, he formed a partnership with Joseph Scattergood, a druggist and graduate of the Philadelphia College of Pharmacy, and purchased the chemical branch of the Elliott firm, then consisting primarily of the manufacture of acids. Carter & Scattergood added the production of aqua ammonia, copper sulphate, sulphuric ether, calomel, potassium chlorate, potassium bichromate, Prussian blue, chrome yellow, chrome green, and the tartarates of soda, potassium and antimony. The firm was the first in the United States to produce yellow prussiate of potash (ca. 1834), and red prussiate of potash (potassium ferrocyanide), chemicals used in dyeing, calico printing, blueprinting, and other industrial applications.

John Carter's son, John Elliott Carter, entered the firm in 1858, and Scattergood's son, George Jones Scattergood, in 1860. John Carter retired in 1871 and Joseph Scattergood in 1877. George Scattergood retired in 1890, leaving John E. Carter the sole partner for a time. Charles Evans, a grandson of John Carter, was made a partner in 1900, and John Pim Carter, the son of John E. Carter, in 1903.

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Scope and Content

The collection include day books, ledgers, receipt books, laboratory books containing records of wages, materials, processes and apparatus; production tables; correspondence including one describing in detail the first four years of the firm's operations; and receipts and bills.

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Series Descriptions and Inventory

Box
1 Transfer ledger - history of the company to 1893 by John E. Carter
Box
1 Transfer ledger - brief update to company history through 1900
Box
1 Transfer ledger - letter to Charles Munroe, Special Agent, Census Office stating brief company history, 1901 November 26
Box
1 Transfer ledger - letter to Munroe with further company history details, 1901 November 29
Box
1 Transfer ledger - letter to Le Roy Brooks including brief history of "prussiate" and discussion of possible overproduction, 1903 September 29
Box
1 Transfer ledger - two short entries mentioning new partners, 1902, 1903
Box
1 Transfer ledger - table showing production of yellow prussiate of potash, 1895-1910
Box
1 Transfer ledger - table showing production of black char, 1899-1910
Box
1 Transfer ledger - table showing production of prussiate potash including consumption of raw materials and cost of production anaylsis, 1891-1910
Box
1 Transfer ledger - table showing oil consumption at Prussiate Furnaces, undated
Box
1 Transfer ledger - table showing annual production of yellow prussiate potash and average selling price per pound FOB Philadelphia, 1834-1910
Box
1 Transfer ledger - table showing monthly deliveries of yellow and red prussiate potash, January 1870-1908
Box
1 Carter & Scattergood daybook, January 1834-December 31, 1835
Box
1 Carter & Scattergood's drugstore daybook, January 1834-December 1835
Box
1 Drugstore ledger, 1834-1835
Box
2 Carter & Scattergood laboratory book, 1834 January-December [wages, materials, fuel, apparatus, miscellaneous supplies and expenses, inventory of materials, unfinished preparations received from John Eliot, January 1824; inventory of manufactured articles taken from John Elliott stored in the laboratory; inventory of apparatus and fixtures rented with the laboratory and goods finished from and credited to the laboratory]
Box
2 J. Carter and Jos. Scattergood's receipt book, 1834, 1836-1837 [receipts for wages and miscellaneous receipts]
Box
2 Correspondence - "Carter & Scattergood, 1839," 1836 May 9-1860 December 17 [includes bills of lading, memo on the history of John Elliot's predecessor firm] ; 17.0 items
Box
2 Laboratory book containing accounts of manufacture of various chemicals and criticism of processes used, 1828-1858, undated [includes rental agreements; statement of capital involved in partnership, 1858; loan records; personal expenses]
Box
2 Correspondence - "Carter & Scattergood, 1838," 1826 August 28-1838 June 4 [personal letters from John Carter to Samuel Allinson; one letter dated July 4, 1838 to John Elliott describing the first four years of the Carter & Scattergood firm] ; 13.0 items
Box
2 Agreement of Sale between John E. Carter, Charles Evans and John P. Carter, co-partners, and the Henry Bower Chemical Manufacturing Company for sale of Carter & Scattergood, undated
Box
2 Certificate of the Franklin Insitute awarded to Carter & Scattergood at the 12th Exhibition of Domestic Manufactures for a specimen of Prussian Blue, 1842 October 18-31
Box
2 Letters from John Carter to Joseph Scattergood, 1843 July; 2.0 items
Box
2 Bills of lading and receipts, undated; 9.0 items
Box
2 Jar of red prussiate of potash
Box
2 Jar of animal char (new process)