Grubb family business records1818-1854
- Grubb family (Family)
15 Linear Feet
Peter Grubb (1740-1786) settled at Hopewell Forge and built a large furnace at Mount Hope in 1785. His son, Henry Bates Grubb (1774-1823), inherited the properties at the age of twelve. Initially he formed a partnership with Coleman, which was dissolved in 1802 with Coleman taking Hopewell and Grubb Mount Hope. Henry also built the Mount Vernon Furnace in 1800 and purchased the Codorus Iron Works in York County around 1802.
Three of Henry Bates Grubb's sons, Edward Burd Grubb (1810-1867), Clement Brooke Grubb (1815-1889), and Alfred Bates Grubb (1821-1885), inherited the iron business as minors. The two oldest formed the partnership of E.B. & C.B. Grubb in 1833 and operated Mount Hope, Mount Vernon, Codorus, and the fractional interest in the Cornwall Mine. They built a new Codorus Furnace in 1836 and the Mananda Furnace in Dauphin County in 1837. In 1845, Clement sold his share of Mount Hope to Alfred, who then operated it in partnership with Edward and later alone. Edward moved to Burlington, N.J., and retired from active participation in the iron trade in 1840.
The charcoal iron works began to come under competition from anthracite blast-furnaces in the 1840s. Codorus was abandoned in 1850 and Mount Vernon around 1852. Clement built the St. Charles anthracite furnace near Columbia, Pa. in 1853 and in the 1870s purchased the nearby Henry Clay Furnace. Clement, Alfred, and their children continued in the iron trade until their medium-sized furnaces were driven out of business by modern integrated mills in the late 1880s and 1890s.
Scope and Content
The longest run of data is that for Codorus Forge and Furnace (1818-1850), followed by Mount Vernon (1834-1848). Shorter runs are available for Mount Hope (1836-1844) and Mananda (1841-1844), along with a single journal from the Henry Clay anthracite furnace (1853-1854). The account books include scattered information on store sales, wages, and the expense of boarding hands and hauling ore, as well as tables of iron manufactured and raw materials consumed. There are also a number of account books listing sales from all the furnaces, including the books of Philadelphia iron merchant Samuel D. Orrick and Orrick, Grubbs & Parker, along with a letterbook from the latter firm and a journal of shipping expenses on the Tidewater Canal. There are also 33 letters regarding Henry and David Potts of Isabella Furnace in Chester County (1840-1847).
Language of Materials
- Grubb family (Family)
Finding Aid & Administrative Information
- Grubb family business records
- Christopher T. Baer; Clayton J. Ruminski
- Description rules:
- Describing Archives: A Content Standard
- Language of description:
- Script of description: