WorldAutoSteel recordsCreation: 1964-2013 Creation: Majority of material found within 1994-2002
WorldAutoSteel is an institutional membership organization comprised of eighteen major global steel producers dedicated to innovative vehicle steel application technologies that are environmentally sustainable and meet the automotive industry's needs. This collection consists of records that document a series of projects conducted by WorldAutoSteel, a unit of the World Steel Association. The files come from WorldAutoSteel headquarters, primarily from Edward Opbroek, who was the director of WorldAutoSteel from 2006 to 2011 and the program director for UltraLight Steel Auto Body (ULSAB) and UltraLight Steel Auto Body - Advanced Vehicle Concepts (ULSAB-AVC). These records would be of value to researchers interested in the intersection of the steel and automobile industries, automotive benchmarking, innovations in steel design and engineering, and communications strategies.
- Creation: 1964-2013
- Creation: Majority of material found within 1994-2002
- WorldAutoSteel (Organization)
10 Linear Feet
WorldAutoSteel is an institutional membership organization comprised of eighteen major global steel producers dedicated to innovative vehicle steel application technologies that are environmentally sustainable and meet the automotive industry's needs. WorldAutoSteel is the automotive program unit within World Steel Association, an international trade association. The World Steel Association was founded as the International Iron and Steel Institute (IISI) in Brussels, Belgium, in 1967. The name changed to World Steel Association in 2008.
The partnership between the steel and automotive industries dates back to the 1980s. In 1994, the American Iron and Steel Institute (AISI) Automotive Applications Committee (AAC) initiated a weight reduction project, working with the firm Porsche Engineering Services, Inc. (PES). The project proposal was presented in 1995 as the Ultralight Steel Auto Body (ULSAB) program, and the ULSAB Consortium was established; this would later be renamed WorldAutoSteel. In 1996, IISI took over the ULSAB project, becoming the parent organization for the program and all future programs.
WorldAutoSteel has developed many projects; however, there are four in particular that have been the organization's focus during its formative years: UltraLight Steel Auto Body (ULSAB); UltraLight Steel Auto Closures (ULSAC); UltraLight Steel Auto Suspension (ULSAS); and UltraLight Steel Auto Body – Advanced Vehicle Concepts (ULSAB-AVC).
The Ultralight Steel Auto Body (ULSAB) Program was a multi-phase study to determine if the weight of a vehicle's steel body structure could be substantially reduced while ensuring and improving safety, comfort, driving performance, and affordability. The study resulted in ULSAB manufacturing a five-passenger sedan with 25 to 30 percent less weight than a conventional steel-bodied vehicle without raising production costs or sacrificing safety. The project ran from 1994 to 1998. It quickly became a benchmark for the application of the advanced steels of the time.
In the Ultralight Steel Auto Closure (ULSAC) Program, similar to ULSAB, the focus of the study was to produce lightweight steel doors, hoods, decklids, and hatches. The goal was for the closures to be structurally sound, manufacturable, and affordable. The designs are up to 32 percent lighter. The program ran from 1997 to 2001.
The UltraLight Steel Auto Suspension (ULSAS) Program studied the benefits of steel design in suspension systems. It was a two-and-a-half-year project (from 1998 to 2001) that occurred in two phases. The first phase benchmarked vehicles and systems. The second phase developed designs for suspension systems that exceeded the phase one targets.
UltraLight Steel Auto Body – Advanced Vehicle Concepts (ULSAB-AVC) Program supported the design and manufacture of U.S. mid-size and European C-Class vehicles using new steels that were environmentally efficient and affordable. The U.S. vehicle was engineered in direct response to the Partnership for a New Generation of Vehicles (PNGV), a co-operative research program between the U.S. government and the three major domestic automakers. The program ran from 1998 to 2002.
WorldAutoSteel continues to conduct research studies, design, and engineer to further develop innovative automotive steel application technologies that are lighter, safer, more cost-effective, environmentally friendly, and manufacturable. FutureSteelVehicle (FSV) and Steel E-Motive are two programs that have been undertaken since the completion of the UltraLight family of research.
Scope and Contents
This collection consists of records that document a series of projects conducted by WorldAutoSteel, a unit of the World Steel Association. The files come from WorldAutoSteel headquarters, primarily from Edward Opbroek, who was the director of WorldAutoSteel from 2006 to 2011 and the program director for UltraLight Steel Auto Body (ULSAB) and UltraLight Steel Auto Body - Advanced Vehicle Concepts (ULSAB-AVC). These records would be of value to researchers interested in the intersection of the steel and automobile industries, automotive benchmarking, innovations in steel design and engineering, and communications strategies.
The collection is arranged into four series by project: UltraLight Steel Auto Body (ULSAB) files; UltraLight Steel Auto Closures (ULSAC) files; UltraLight Steel Auto Suspension (ULSAS) files; and UltraLight Steel Auto Body - Advanced Vehicle Concepts (ULSAB-AVC) files.
The UltraLight Steel Auto Body (ULSAB) series is arranged into two subseries: Conferences and presentations and Office files. The subseries originated from the creator, though some content appears to overlap. The Conferences and presentations subseries consists of materials presented at meetings (e.g., conferences) or communications plans that formulate how to report conclusions. The subseries also contains reports, communication strategies, deliverables, speech transcripts, and agendas. There are printouts of PowerPoint presentations, digital files of presentations, presentation slides (analog/35mm), and video recordings that summarize the project. The files date from 1994 to 1999. The Office files subseries includes correspondence, invoices, patent applications, proposals and agreements, and demonstration hardware parts and shipments. Most of the materials relate to ULSAB meeting minutes, budget and expenses, and materials parts lists and properties. There is a small group of records that date from 1964 to 1990 consisting of patent research; the majority of the materials date from 1995 to 2000.
The UltraLight Steel Auto Closures (ULSAC) series includes correspondence, invoices, patent applications, intellectual property contracts, ULSAC budgets, and validation documentation; however, most of the materials are of ULSAC Consortium meetings and related reports, presentations, and communications. Files are arranged alphabetically and date from 1996 to 2002.
The UltraLight Steel Auto Suspension (ULSAS) series consists of a single engineering report and the born-digital files from the disk that acccompanied the report. The consulting firm Lotus Engineering conducted the study; it was published by the American Iron and Steel Insitute (AISI) in 2001. The report covers benchmarking; suspension system types, including twist-beam, strut and links, double wishbone, multi-link, and Lotus unique; and a materials utilization summary.
The UltraLight Steel Auto Body - Advanced Vehicle Concepts (ULSAB-AVC) series is arranged into three subseries: Reports and media communications plans, ULSAB-AVC meetings, and Office files. This arrangement reflects the order maintained by the creator. The Reports and media communications plans subseries includes benchmarking and engineering reports, crashworthiness studies, and communication deliverables and reference booklets. There are press kits and press releases, as well as virtual exhibit development, launch, and training. Part of the virtual exhibit was the use of the NASTRAN files and the HyperView player. Although the NASTRAN digital files are in a proprietary format that Hagley does not have licensed software for viewing/opening, the files are computer-aided engineering simulations where parameters can be altered to demonstrate crashworthiness. Of interest are oral history interviews from 2005, 2006, and 2008 of various leaders in the industry. These audio and video recordings were at least in part used in the book Ultralight Steel: A Global Consortium Changes the Future of Automotive Steel, by Edward Opbroek, director of WorldAutoSteel, published in 2013. There are two copies of the book in the collection. The subseries dates from 1999 to 2013 and is arranged chronologically.
The ULSAB-AVC meetings subseries includes all meetings from 1998 to 2002 in chronological order. Documentation consists of agendas, schedules, attendee lists, distribution lists, meeting minutes, meeting reports, notes (handwritten), memoranda, presentations, communication plans, status reports, and budgets.
The Office files series includes invoices, intellectual property, Technical Transfer Dispatches (bulletins), budgets, newspaper clippings, conference papers, and press briefings. Files date from 1997 to 2004 and are arranged in alphabetical order.
No restrictions on access; this collection is open for research.
Language of Materials
This collection contains a large ammount of proprietary born-digital file formats. Born-digital files are generally migrated to an access file format--a common file format that can be opened on a standard Windows or Mac computer and that preferably cannot be altered from its original state. However, there are cases where file formats cannot be migrated due to the nature of the original. This collection contains many such formats.
Computer-aided design (CAD) uses a computer to design product ideas in 3D; the designer can see the object in three dimensions, analyze the geometry, and understand the shape and properties of the design. File extensions in this collection include IGS and CATIA (MODEL). Many licensed CAD programs can open these proprietary formats; however, both are declining in use and are being replaced by STP, DXF, and DWG, among others. DXF files and PDF files are available for access. IGS and CATIA files are available upon request. Please note: if requesting a PDF of an IGS file, there will be a loss of information because the PDF is a 2D image of a 3D original.
Computer-aided engineering (CAE) tests and simulates a product. The designer can alter parameters, study the product in a simulation, and test the performance. NASTRAN is a Finite Element Analysis (FEA) program/tool developed for the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) during the 1960s to solve mechanical problems in the aerospace industry. The name NASTRAN is an acronym formed from NASA STRucture ANalysis and is a proprietary software application primarily written using the computer programming language FORTRAN.
The NASTRAN files in this collection are computer-aided engineering files that WorldAutoSteel used to test the performance of crashworthiness. Using NASTRAN, the parameters of various scenarios can be altered, and various tests can be performed in 3D. Due to the complexity of the files, they cannot be viewed in isolation, nor can they be migrated to a static file format. The program in which they were created is dynamic and interactive.
All inputs and outputs to the NASTRAN program are in the form of text files. The tools allow the user to submit an analysis to NASTRAN and import the results and show them graphically.
Nastran input file formats include:
Nastran output file formats include:
GenView and HyperView player were specialized graphics programs for viewing the element models.
Finding Aid & Administrative Information
- WorldAutoSteel records
- Laurie Sather
- Description rules:
- Describing Archives: A Content Standard
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