DuPont Company, Chambers Works papersCreation: 1927-1969
E.I. du Pont de Nemours & Company is a chemical company more commonly referred to as the DuPont company. The Chamber Works was constructed as a dyeworks at Deepwater Point, New Jersey, in 1914. This small collection consists of materials about dyes and dyeing maintained by the analytical services technical supervisor at Chambers Works. Included are dye notebooks on silk, knitting, and hosiery; dye methods; a nylon textiles report; modern dye chemistry lecture notes; and translations of the Azo dye sections of a seminal German publication, "Fortschritte der Teerfarbenfabrikation," by P. Friedlaender.
- Creation: 1927-1969
- E.I. du Pont de Nemours & Company. Chamber Works (Organization)
E.I. du Pont de Nemours & Company is a chemical company more commonly referred to as the DuPont company. It was established in 1802 by Pierre Samuel du Pont de Nemours (1739-1817) and his son Eleuthère Irénée du Pont (1771-1834). The company began with the production of gunpowder when the Du Pont family purchased a mill site on the banks of the Brandywine River just north of Wilmington, Delaware.
The DuPont Company constructed a dye works at Deepwater Point, New Jersey, (also called just Deepwater, New Jersey) during World War I in order to enter the market for dyes left vacant by Germany's absence. This was the DuPont Company's first major venture into organic chemistry fields. The plant included Jackson Laboratory and the Technical Laboratory, two major research facilities. In 1945, the plant name was changed to the Chambers Works, in honor of Dr. Arthur D. Chambers (1847-1929), a DuPont executive who promoted company involvement in the dye business.
Scope and Contents
This small collection consists of materials about dyes and dyeing maintained by the analytical services technical supervisor at Chambers Works. Included are dye notebooks on silk, knitting, and hosiery; dye methods; a nylon textiles report; modern dye chemistry lecture notes; and translations of the Azo dye sections of a seminal German publication, "Fortschritte der Teerfarbenfabrikation," by P. Friedlaender.
The full title of this publication is "Fortschritte der Teerfarbenfabrikation und verwandter Industriezweige," which translates to "Advances in Tar-dye Manufacture and Related Industries," written by Paul Friedlaender (1857-1923), a German chemist. He wrote a twenty-five-volume encyclopedia containing an overview of German chemical patents from 1877 to 1941. This collection contains translations of the first ten volumes covering 1877 to 1912. The first two volumes were translated by Thomas H. Norton (1851-1941), a dye expert and research chemist at the American Cyanamid Company. There is no volume III. Volumes IV through X are translated by Lucy L. Finner (1898-1955), a microbiologist and doctor.
The silk and knitting/hosiery notebooks contain memoranda, typescript and handwritten notes, test requests, and brief reports. The silk notebook contains several samples, and the knitting/hosiery notebook is mainly about diagen colors and pigment printing.
There is a report titled "Physical-Chemical Properties and Processing of Nylon Textiles" from 1943, which defines nylon, its physical properties, and textile processing. The report was prepared by the Sales Section of the Nylon Division.
The Dyeing Methods notebook contains seventeen sections; the sections include information about the preparation of the yarn, preparation of the dyebath, and procedures; many sections contain tables or additional information. The sections include: anti-fume agents, calculations, direct dyes, developed dyes, dispersed dyes, fastness tests, fluorescents, naphthanils, nylon dyes, pigments, sulfur dyes, wool dyes, vat dyes, special methods, Dacron dyes, Orlon dyes, reflectance, and film process.
The Process Department Short Course contains twenty-four sections, each including a topic introduction, application, formulas, charts, and references.
This collection is open for research.
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- DuPont Company, Chambers Works papers
- Laurie Sather
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