Jackson Laboratory recordsCreation: 1910-1999
Jackson Laboratory was a dye works established in 1917 by E.I. du Pont de Nemours & Company, a chemical company more commonly referred to as the DuPont Company. The records of the Jackson Laboratory are fragmentary in nature and divided into two series that document cutting-edge research projects conducted by DuPont scientists, primarily in the 1920s and 1930s. Under the direction of Fletcher B. Holmes (1877-1961) and W. S. Calcott (1892-1952), the processes for producing many important products, including neoprene synthetic rubber, were perfected during this period.
- Creation: 1910-1999
- Jackson Laboratory (E.I. du Pont de Nemours & Company) (Organization)
4 Linear Feet
E.I. du Pont de Nemours & Company was established in 1802 by Pierre Samuel du Pont de Nemours (1739-1817) and his son Eleuthère Irénée du Pont (1771-1834). The du Ponts purchased a mill site on the banks of the Brandywine River just north of Wilmington, Delaware. During wartime, the company was a major supplier for the United States government. During peacetime, the company marketed their products toward sportsmen and hunters. Throughout the 1900s and 1910s, the company shifted its focus away from gunpowder production and toward chemistry innovations.
E.I. du Pont de Nemours & Company began a research program in dyes in 1916 to take advantage of the wartime disruption of German supplies of dyestuffs. The Jackson Laboratory was established by E.I. du Pont de Nemours & Company at its Deepwater, New Jersey, dye works in 1917. It was named for Oscar R. Jackson (1855-1916), a chemical engineer who had been superintendent of the Repauno dynamite works in the late nineteenth century.
Beginnng in the 1920s, the Jackson Laboratory produced tetraethyl lead, neoprene, man-made elastomers, the first fluorocarbons used in refrigerants, Teflon, and vinyl fluoride.
In 1960, the Organic Chemicals Department's process-development activities were merged with the research program at the Jackson Laboratory and the Experimental Station (Wilmington, Delaware) to create a Research and Development Division. With the formation of the Chemicals, Dyes & Pigments Department in January 1978, Jackson absorbed the Chambers Works Manufacturing Department (Deepwater, New Jersey) and the Colored Pigments Research Department.
Scope and Contents
The records of the Jackson Laboratory are fragmentary in nature and divided into two series that document cutting-edge research projects conducted by DuPont scientists, primarily in the 1920s and 1930s. Under the direction of Fletcher B. Holmes (1877-1961) and W. S. Calcott (1892-1952), the processes for producing many important products, including neoprene synthetic rubber, were perfected during this period.
Series I contains a set of Jackson Laboratory reports, which are arranged by product division. These reports describe the scientists' research objectives, laboratory testing procedures, problems encountered, and theoretical discussions regarding the chemical properties and physical characteristics of various materials.
Series II contains records from the Technical Library. Subseries A contains a history file, which includes correspondence regarding the organization of the laboratory and the assignment of personnel, a detailed history of the azo colors area, and brief general histories of the Jackson Laboratory and the Organic Chemicals Department. Subseries B contains correspondence and memoranda from the Chemical Department and reports from different research facilities. The bulk of this material consists of a set of Experimental Station progress reports from the 1930s.
This collection is open for research. Litigators may not view the collection without approval.
Language of Materials
On Deposit from E.I. du Pont de Nemours & Company.
Finding Aid & Administrative Information
- Jackson Laboratory records
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- 2021: Laurie Sather