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RCA Camden records

Accession 2464.76

Manuscripts and Archives Department, Hagley Museum and Library


PO Box 3630
Wilmington, Delaware, 19807
302-658-2400
askhagley@hagley.org

Finding aid prepared by Daniel Michelson and Kenneth Cleary, 2016.,

This finding aid was produced using the Archivists' Toolkit 2017-04-07T09:20-0400

Finding aid prepared using best local practices and Describing Archives: A Content Standard

The collection was processed with support from the Council on Library and Information Resources (CLIR) Cataloging Hidden Special Collections and Archives grant.

Cite items for this collection in the following format:
[Description and dates], Box/folder number, RCA Camden records (Accession 2464.76), Hagley Museum and Library, Wilmington, DE 19807

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Descriptive Summary

Title: RCA Camden records
Dates: circa 1913-2006
Accession Number: 2464.76
Creator: RCA Corporation.
Extent: 6.5 linear feet
Physical Description: (AVD portion only) 171 photographic prints : b&w ; 8 x 10 in. and larger. 21 photographic prints : color ; 8 x 10 and larger. 1 photographic print : color ; 7 x 7 in. 1 photographic print : b&w ; 7 x 7 in. 24 photographic prints : b&w ; 5 x 7 in. 5 photographic prints : color ; 5 x 7 in. 37 photographic prints : b&w ; 4 x 6 in. and smaller. 6 photographic prints : color ; 4 x 6 in. and smaller. 7 negatives : color ; 8 x 10 in. and larger. 27 negatives : b&w ; 4 x 6 in. 1 negative : b&w ; 3 x 5 in. 3 negatives : b&w ; 120. 1 transparency : color ; 9 x 12 in. 6 glass plate negatives : b&w ; 3 x 4 in. 1 slide : b&w ; 3 x 4 in. 28 slides : b&w ; 35 mm. 1 photographic CD. 1 business card. Paper documents. 2 negatives : b&w ; 35 mm.
Language of Material: English
Repository: Hagley Museum and Library: Manuscripts and Archives Department
Abstract: The RCA Camden plant was originally established under the Victor Talking Machine Company in 1907. In 1929, the Radio Corporation of America acquired the Victor Talking Machine Company and soon made Camden the center of its own research, development, and manufacturing. Camden remained the company's primary advanced development site until GE acquired RCA in 1986. The records document RCA’s work in the space program, electron microscopy, nuclear fusion, and other fields through research records, correspondence, reports, photographs and films.
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Administrative Information


Provenance

In 2009, along with the rest of the archival collections of the David Sarnoff Library, the RCA Camden records were donated to the Hagley Museum and Library.

Access Restrictions

This collection contains material from the Manuscripts and Archives Department (M&A) and the Audiovisual Collections and Digital Initiatives Department (AVD). Box prefixes indicate which department holds an individual file or item.

Films and negatives are housed in cold storage and must reacclimate prior to viewing (Film Cans 1-15 and Box AVD-NG1). Please contact the Audiovisual Collections and Digital Initiatives Department at least 48 hours in advance of research visit.

Records subject to 25-year time seal.

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Historical Note

The RCA Camden plant was originally established as a recording studio and research laboratory under the Victor Talking Machine Company in 1907. By 1911, it had become a large factory producing Victor's highly popular "Victrola" phonograph player.

In 1929, the Radio Corporation of America acquired the Victor Talking Machine Company and soon made Camden the center of its own research, development, and manufacturing. Although RCA moved its main laboratories to Princeton in 1942 and shifted most manufacturing to Indianapolis after the Second World War, Camden remained the company's primary advanced development site until GE acquired RCA in 1986.

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Scope and Content

The RCA Camden records document RCA’s work in the space program, electron microscopy, nuclear fusion, and other fields through research records, correspondence, reports, photographs and films. Particularly valuable are the papers and films from Harry L. and Harvey P. Sommerer, which show the activities of the RCA controlled Victor Talking Machine Company of Japan (now JVC) before the Second War.

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Arrangement

The RCA Camden records are arranged in eight series:

I. Walter G. Bain papers

II. John W. Coleman papers

III. Martin L. Levene papers

IV. Edy Mozzi papers

V. Lawrence P. Nahay papers

VI. Harry L. and Harvey P. Sommerer papers

VII. Mearl W. Tilden papers

VIII. General

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Series Descriptions and Inventory

I. Walter G. Bain papers, 1958-1982
Historical Note
Walter G. Bain was born in Springfield, Illinois on June 20, 1910. Bain served in the National Guard from 1926 to 1932. He earned his Bachelor of Arts in 1932 from the University of Colorado and his Bachelors of Science in Engineering from Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1935. Bain joined RCA Camden as the Vice President and General Manager of Communications and Missile Electronics in RCA Defense Electronic Products in 1959. Prior to working for RCA, Bain worked for Republic Aviation Corporation from 1953 to 1958. He died in February of 1987.
Scope and Content
The Walter G. Bain papers contain correspondence with various organizations including Republic Aviation Corporation, the United States Air Force, General Motors Company, Midwestern Instrument, and Hergenerather Associates. Along with RCA internal correspondence, the papers also include a scrapbook, news clippings, and membership information related to a variety of organizations.
Arrangement
Folders are arranged alphabetically. Folder titles are original.
Processing Notes
Processed by Ashley Giordano, 2016.
Box Folder
M&A 1251 11 Miscellaneous, 1959 January 9-June 24
Box Folder
M&A 1251 12 Miscellaneous, 1959 July 10-December 29
Box Folder
M&A 1251 13 Miscellaneous, 1959 November 24-1960 December 13
Box Folder
M&A 1251 14 Miscellaneous, 1960 December 9-1962 December 3
Box Folder
M&A 1251 15 Miscellaneous, 1961 January 3-December 29
Box Folder
M&A 1251 16 Miscellaneous, 1962 December 17-1963 December 12
Box Folder
M&A 1251 17 Miscellaneous, 1963 December 20-1964 August 6
Box Folder
M&A 1251 18 Personal, 1958 January 17-December 30, undated
Box Folder
M&A 1251 19 Personal, 1959 January 12-1960 December 14
Box Folder
M&A 1251 20 Personal, 1961 January 13-1963 December 16
Box Folder
M&A 1251 21 Personal, 1964 January 5-1965 November 29
Box Folder
M&A 1251 22 Personal, 1966 May 5-1982 January 28
Box Folder
M&A 1251 23 Republic Aviation News, 1953 September 18
Box Folder
M&A 1252 1 Scrapbook, 1959 January 9-1962 May 21
Box Folder
M&A 1252 2 Stock options related correspondence and documents, 1959 February 6-1964 July 10
II. John W. Coleman papers, 1948-2006
(AVD portion only) 113 photographic prints : b&w ; 8 x 10 in. and larger. 24 photographic prints : b&w ; 5 x 7 in. 37 photographic prints : 4 x 6 in. and smaller. 21 photographic prints : color ; 8 x 10 and larger. 5 photographic prints : color ; 5 x 7 in. 6 photographic prints : color ; 4 x 6 in. and smaller. 1 photographic transparency : color ; 9 x 12 in. 6 glass plate negatives : b&w ; 3 x 4 in. 1 photographic plastic slide : b&w ; 3 x 4 in. 28 photographic slides : b&w ; 35 mm. 1 photographic CD. 1 business card. Paper documents. 2 photographic negatives : b&w ; 35 mm. 27 photographic negatives : b&w ; 4 x 6 in. 3 photographic negatives : b&w ; 120. 7 photographic negatives : color ; 8 x 10 in. and larger.
Historical Note
John W. Coleman was born in New York City in 1929. He earned his Bachelors degree from Howard University, his Masters degree from the University of Illinois, and his PhD in Molecular Physics from the University of Pennsylvania. Coleman worked for RCA in Camden, New Jersey as a physicist and Engineering Leader from 1958 until 1969. While at RCA, Coleman worked on projects that focused on improving the electron microscope.
After leaving RCA in 1969, Coleman began working for the Massachusetts Institute of Technology as a staff physicist in 1972 and then a research scientist at the Plasma Fusion Center in 1981. During his time at MIT, Coleman led research projects on both the Tara Tandem Mirror and nuclear energy. After working at MIT for 20 years, in 1995 Coleman became the Science Director for Solar Now, Inc., a non-profit that operates a set of solar photovoltaic panels at Beverly High School in Massachusetts. Coleman authored over ninety papers and held nine patents. He died in 2006.
Scope and Content
The John W. Coleman papers are composed of reports, photographs, diagrams, and correspondence related to his work on electron microscopes at RCA and Tara Tandem fusion experiments at MIT. The papers also include materials relating to nuclear fusion, ephemera from the Plasma Fusion Center at MIT, and a number of John W. Coleman's patents. Along with newspaper clippings and publications about scientific instruments, the papers also include information related to the Beverly High School Solar Photovoltaic Project in Massachusetts.
Arrangement
Folders are arranged alphabetically by subject.
Provenance
Coleman's daughter Melissa Birtwell donated the papers to the David Sarnoff Library in 2006-2007.
Processing Notes
Processed by Ashley Giordano, 2015.
Box Folder
M&A 1090 1 "25 kV x-Ray Source" proposal, 1990 March
Box Folder
M&A 1090 2 500 kilovolt electron microscope for University of Virginia reports, plans, and related publications, 1967 June - 1968 September
Box Folder
M&A 1090 3 "Abridged and Combined Proposal and Prospectus for EXEMPLAR - A General Research Transmission Electron Microscope," undated
Box Folder
M&A 1090 4 "Abridged and Combined Proposal and Prospectus for OCTOPUS - A Transmission Electron Microscopy System with Multiple Input/Output Facility," undated
Box Folder
M&A 1090 5 "Activation Diagnostics for Measuring Energetic Proton Fluences," 1992 August 12
Box Folder
M&A 1090 6 AEA Technology ephemera, 1991
Box Folder
M&A 1090 7 "Aperturing for Maximum Contrast in Electron Optical Images" by James W. Coleman, 1967 May
Box Folder
M&A 1090 8 Awards and certificates, 1962 - 1964 June 30
Box Folder
M&A 1090 9 Beverly High School solar photovoltaic project, 1979 June - 1983
Box Folder
M&A 1090 10 "Construction of TARA Tandem Mirror Facility with an Ion Anchor," 1980 November - 1981 March
Box Folder
AVD2 1 Data readings, photographs, circa 1958-1969; 9 photographic prints : b&w ; 3 x 4 in.
Box Folder
AVD-NG1 23 Detraction patterns, negatives, circa 1958-1969; 6 negatives : b&w ; 4 x 5 in.
Box Folder
M&A 1090 11 "Detailed Electrical Characterization of the TARA Neutral Beam Injector System" by M.P.J. Gaudreau, M.S. Shuster, V.J. Berkman, R.P. Torti, S.F. Horne, and J.W. Coleman (Plasma Fusion Center MIT), 1984
Box Folder
M&A 1090 12 Diagrams, sketches, and photographs, circa 1982
Box Folder
M&A 1090 13 "The Diffraction of Elections in Ultramicroscopic Biological Particles of Ordered Structure" by John William Coleman, 1963
Box Folder
M&A 1090 14 Division of Plasma Physics in the American Physical Society ephemera, 1995 March 22 - 1996
Box Folder
M&A 1090 15 "Early Contributions to the Electron Microscope: The Relevant Work and Patents of Reinhold Rudenberge" by F. Hermann Rudenberg and H. Gunther Rudenberg, 1992
Box Folder
M&A 1090 16 "Electron Diffraction Studies of Biological Material" by J.W. Coleman, T.F. Anderson, and J.H. Reisner, undated
Box Folder
M&A 1090 17 "Electron Lenses of Hyperbolic Field Structure" by Reinhold Rudenberg, 1948 November
Box Folder
AVD2 8 Electron microscope, circa 1970s
Box Folder
AVD2 6 Electron microscope, glass slides, circa 1960s ; 6 glass plate negatives : b&w ; 3 x 4 in. 1 slide : b&w ; 3 x 4 in.
Box Folder
AVD-NG1 21 Electron microscope, negatives, circa 1964; 2 negatives : b&w ; 4 x 5 in.
Box Folder
AVD1 7 Electron microscope, photographs, circa 1964; 4 photographic prints : b&w ; 8 x 10 in.
Box Folder
AVD2 3 Electron microscope, slides, circa 1960s; 16 slides : b&w ; 35 mm.
Box Folder
AVD2 7 Electron microscope (Forgflo), photographs, circa 1970-1972; 15 photographic prints : b&w ; 4 x 6 in. or smaller. 3 photographic prints : b&w ; 8 x 10 in. 1 business card.
Box Folder
AVD-NG1 22 Electron microscope images, negatives, circa 1958-1969; 1 negative : b&w ; 35 mm. 2 negatives : b&w ; 4 x 6 in. 1 negative : b&w: 120.
Box Folder
AVD1 8-12 Electron microscope images, photographs, circa 1958-1969; 24 photographic prints : b&w ; 5 x 7 in. 40 photographic prints : b&w ; 8 x 10 in. 12 slides : b&w ; 35 mm. 1 photographic print : b&w ; 7 x 8 in. 32 JPEG files [ID: AA001 through AA037].
Box Folder
AVD-NG1 24 Electron microscope parts, negatives, circa 1967; 1 negative : b&w ; 35 mm.
Box Folder
AVD2 2 Electron microscope parts, photographs, circa 1967; 38 photographic prints : b&w ; 8 x 10 in. or larger.
Box Folder
M&A 1090 18 Electron microscopy reports and presentations, 1966
Box Folder
M&A 1090 19 Electron optics research reports, 1975
Box Folder
AVD2 14 Engine, photographs, circa 1980s; 1 photographic print : color ; 8 x 10 in. 2 photographic prints : color ; 4 x 6 or smaller.
Box Folder
M&A 1090 20 Engler dissertation, 1973 September 28 - November 27
Box Folder
M&A 1090 21 "Fault Tree Diagrams for the BPX PF Coil System REV 0" by J.W. Coleman, 1991 February 28
Box Folder
M&A 1090 22 Fusion educational materials, 1981 - 1994
Box Folder
M&A 1090 23 "A High-Resolution Auger Electron Microscope Using Foil Lenses" by J.G. King and J.W. Coleman, 1978 March 31
Box Folder
M&A 1090 24 "The Horizontal Sundial its Evolution and Construction" by J.W. Coleman, undated
Box Folder
M&A 1090 25 "How Nuclear Energy Plants Work" brochure, 1991
Box Folder
M&A 1090 26 Introduction to Tandem Mirror Physics, 1983 September
Box Folder
AVD2 16 Lab equipment, photographs, circa 1980s ; 3 photographic prints : color ; 8 x 12 in.
Box Folder
M&A 1090 27 "Magnetic alignment of Tara Tandem mirror" draft and published copy, 1984 July - 1985 June
Box Folder
M&A 1090 28 Magnetic credit card reader/writer reports and designs, undated
Box Folder
AVD-NG1 27 MIT Group and lab equipment, negatives, circa 1987; 4 negatives : color ; 8 x 10 in. or larger.
Box Folder
AVD2 13 MIT Group and lab equipment, photographs, circa 1987; 2 photographic prints : color ; 8 x 10 and larger.
Box Folder
M&A 1090 29 MIT lecture notes and course offerings, 1976 - 1978 May 12
Box Folder
M&A 1090 30 The MIT Report, 2001 November
Box Folder
M&A 1090 31 "National Bureau of Standards Report - Electron-Beam Magnetometer" by L. Marton, L.B. Leder, and J.W. Coleman, 1953 March 31
Box Folder
M&A 1090 32 Paragon ephemera, undated
Box Folder
AVD2 4 Paragon photographs, circa 1969-1970; 3 photographic prints : b&w ; 4 x 6 in. or larger. 4 photographic prints : b&w ; 8 x 10 in. 1 transparency : color ; 9 x 12 in.
Box Folder
M&A 1090 33 Patents by John W. Coleman, 1965 March 2 - 1971 October 19
Box Folder
M&A 1090 34 Phillips EM-200 Electron Microscope diagrams, undated
Box Folder
M&A 1090 35 Physics Today, 1986 November - 2002 May
Box Folder
M&A 1090 36 Plasma Fusion Center at MIT ephemera, circa 1995
Box Folder
M&A 1090 37 "Plasma Physics and Controlled Nuclear Fusion Research" reprints, 1986-1988
Box Folder
M&A 1090 38 "Plasma Production and Heating by ICRF in the Central Cell of the Tara Tandem Mirror" (Plasma Fusion Center MIT), 1988 April
Box Folder
M&A 1090 39 "A Practical Point Source Electron Gun" technical report for Radio Corporation of America by John W. Coleman, 1965 September 21
Box Folder
M&A 1090 40 "Proposal for Design and Development of an Electron Optical System to Produce a Programmable Array of Spots for Heating in the Focal Plane" by John W. Coleman, 1980 May 7
Box Folder
M&A 1090 41 "A Proposal for the Experimental Use of a Scanning Electron Microscope In-Flight Aboard Spacecraft," 1986 December 4
Box Folder
M&A 1090 42 Proposal prospectus "MIT Center for Experimental Microscopies: A National Biotechnology Resource (within RLE)," undated
Box Folder
M&A 1090 43 "Quarterly Progress Report No. 114" MIT Research Laboratories of Electronics, 1974 July 15
Box Folder
M&A 1090 44 RCA procedures and manuals, 1964-1968
Box Folder
M&A 1090 45 RCA publications related to Coleman, 1965
Box Folder
M&A 1090 46 RCA Scientific Instrument News, 1964 January - 1969 Spring
Resumes, business cards, and biographical information, 2006; 2 DOC files [ID: ColemanJohnW-bio2006, Obituary2006-01-23].
Box Folder
M&A 1090 47 Resumes, business cards, and biographical information, undated
Box Folder
M&A 1090 48 Review of Scientific Instruments, 1983 September - 1992 October
Box Folder
M&A 1090 49 "Review of Work and Proposal for a Multi-Point Edge Thomson Scattering Diagnostic for C-MOD" by J.W. Coleman, 1988 June 8
Box Folder
M&A 1090 50 "The Rise-times of Output Pulses from some Semiconductor Diode Soft X-Ray Detectors" draft by J.W. Coleman, J.R. Leirzer, and R.D. Petrasso, undated
Box Folder
AVD2 17 Satellite, photographs, circa 1980s ; 3 photographic prints : color ; 8 x 10 in. and larger.
Box Folder
AVD-NG1 25 Scorpion microscope, negatives, circa 1960s ; 19 negatives : b&w ; 4 x 6 in.
Box Folder
AVD2 5 Scorpion microscope, photographs, circa 1960s; 12 photographic prints : b&w ; 8 x 10 in. 7 photographic prints : b&w ; 4 x 6 in. or smaller. 1 photographic print : b&w ; 4 x 7 in.
Box Folder
M&A 1090 51 Solar Now Greenergy Park related materials, 2004 November 18 - 2005 April 24
Box Folder
AVD2 15 Solar panels, photographs, circa 1980s ; 2 photographic prints : color ; 4 x 6 in. 2 photographic prints : color ; 3.5 x 5 in. 1 photographic print : b&w ; 5 x 7 in.
Box Folder
M&A 1090 53 "The Tara Tandem Mirror Experiment" presentation book by John W. Coleman, 1984 July 3
Box Folder
AVD-NG1 26 Tara Tandem Mirror negatives, circa 1983-1984; 3 negatives : color ; 8 x 10 in. 2 negatives : b&w ; 120.
Box Folder
M&A 1090 52 Tara Tandem Mirror reports, diagrams, and related materials, 1983-1984
Box Folder
AVD2 9-12 Tara Tandem Mirror photographs, circa 1983-1984; 12 photographic prints : b&w ; 8 x 10 in. 12 photographic prints : color ; 8 x 10 in. 5 photographic prints : color ; 5 x 7 in.
Box Folder
M&A 1090 54 Transparencies, undated
Box Folder
M&A 1090 55 United States Department of Energy ephemera, 1996 - 2001 January
Box Folder
M&A 1090 56 University of California Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory ephemera, 1982 August - 1987
Box Folder
M&A 1090 57 VEM (Virginia Electron Microscope) instruction book, volume 2: Column, undated
Box Folder
M&A 1090 58 VEM (Virginia Electron Microscope) instruction book, volume 4b: Column Excitation and Control, 1967
Box Folder
M&A 1090 59 VEM (Virginia Electron Microscope) instruction book, volume 5: Mechanical Systems, undated
III. Martin L. Levene papers, 1954-2003
Historical Note
Martin L. Levene received a BS and MS in Mechanical Engineering from the University of Pennsylvania. In 1954, he joined RCA (later GE Aerospace) in Camden where he held engineering and managerial positions. Levene's research included computer memory, video and film recording, and electrostatic printing. However, he was probably best known for his contributions to the development of optical recording for aerospace applications. He also led the team that developed the Lunar Communications Relay Unit (LCRU) optical sight for NASA's moon rover. Levene received RCA's David Sarnoff Award for Outstanding Technical Achievement in 1982 and was awarded twelve patents during his career. He retired from GE Aerospace in 1991 and became an independent consultant.
Scope and Content
The Martin L. Levene papers include reports, proposals, publications, and notes documenting his research work. Of particular note is the material relating to the Lunar Communications Relay Unit (LCRU) optical sight first used in the Apollo 15 mission. When Levene donated the collection in 2003, he added annotations and other contextual information to many of the documents.
Arrangement
Files are arranged alphabetically.
Provenance
Donated by Martin L. Levene to the David Sarnoff Library in 2003.
Processing Notes
Processed by Daniel Michelson and David Burdash, 2014-2015.
Box Folder
M&A 1086 8 "Advanced Technology Operating Instructions" [procedures manual], 1960s-1980s
Box Folder
M&A 1086 9 Biography, undated
Box Folder
M&A 1086 10 Electronic text reader, 1961
Box Folder
M&A 1086 11 Engineering Department promotions (clipping), undated
Box Folder
M&A 1086 12 High-speed printing research, 1961-1963
Box Folder
M&A 1086 13 Lunar communications relay unit (LCRU) optical sighting unit for Apollo 15 moon rover: overview, 2003
Box Folder
M&A 1086 14-16 Lunar communications relay unit (LCRU) optical sighting unit for Apollo 15 moon rover: report by M. L. Levene, 1971 March 22
Drawer Folder
M&A 120 3 Lunar communications relay unit (LCRU) optical sighting unit for Apollo 15 moon rover: report by M. L. Levene [oversized drawings], 1970
Box Folder
M&A 1086 17 "NBC Color Kinescope Recording Mechanical Aspects" by M. L. Levene, 1956 October 29
Box Folder
M&A 1086 18-19 Parcel post coding equipment: encoding applicator and code reader proposal to the U.S. Postal Service (DS-105-421-718), 1973 February 26
Box Folder
M&A 1086 20 Phonetic typewriter articles by Harry F. Olson and Herbert Belar, 1956-1962
Box Folder
M&A 1086 21 RCA Camden buildings complex and location of personnel, 1954-2003
Box Folder
M&A 1086 22 RCA 501 Electronic Data Processing System: functional specifications, 1959 July 15
Box Folder
M&A 1086 23 RCA electronic data processing systems: authorized federal supply schedule price list, 1960 - 1961
Box Folder
M&A 1086 24 Tubes, 1960 - 1963
Box Folder
AVD1 1 Video recording and hand wheel panel, circa 1960s; 22 photographic prints : b&w ; 8 x 10 in.
Box Folder
AVD1 8 Video recording and hand wheel panel, circa 1960s; 25 photographic prints : b&w ; 8 x 10 in.
Box Folder
M&A 1086 25 Video tape recorders development, 1957-2003
IV. Edy Mozzi papers, 1962-2002
Historical Note
Edy Mozzi (1928-2015), was born in Schenectady, NY and received his B.S. in physics from nearby Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute in Troy. When he joined the staff of the David Sarnoff Research Center in 1952, RCA paid for him to complete a Masters of Electrical Engineering degree at the University of Pennsylvania. His first assignment was to develop the transistor coordinator for the Aviation Communications Division. Mozzi’s work applied early solid-state electronics to electronic communications. While at RCA, Mozzi completed important work on satellite and space projects on NASA contracts. He worked on the variable scan rate television system for TIROS I, the first low-Earth orbital weather satellite, launched in 1960. Later on, he worked on the communications system for the roving lunar module on the Apollo 11 mission. Mozzi’s most important work was probably on NASA’s Relay program. Project Relay was the first intercontinental communications satellite system, originally linking North America, Europe, and South America. The Relay modules were medium altitude active-repeater satellites, meaning that they received, amplified, and re-transmitted signals around the curvature of the earth rather than passively reflecting them. Relay 1, launched in 1962, sent the first television signals across the Pacific Ocean from the United States to Japan on November 22, 1963. Instead of the planned greeting, the first transmission was instead a news report on the assassination of President John F. Kennedy. Mozzi developed the telemetry systems for the Relay Program; he fondly remembered the camaraderie, teamwork, and late nights of Project Relay, and captures those in a scrapbook from his time on the project. Mozzi continued working at the Camden laboratories through the transfer of ownership to General Electric and then Martin Marietta until his retirement in 1994. After two years of independent consulting, he retired for good in 1996 to his family home in Cinnaminson, NJ, where he died in 2015.
Scope and Content
The Edy Mozzi Papers consist largely of a disassembled scrapbook Mozzi made documenting the RCA efforts on Project Relay (1962-1965). Newspaper and other press clippings, cartoons, NASA news releases, and photos documenting the development and construction of Relay modules fill the former scrapbook pages. There are technical papers covering topics such as the launch procedures for Relay 1, the power supply problem in the Relay systems, a report written by Mozzi himself on the telemetry system, and photographs of the environmental testing process. The scrapbook also contained early stills of the first television programs transmitted, and pictures of President John F. Kennedy that were also sent across the Atlantic. Mozzi also collected clipping about the rival Telstar satellite program from AT&T. The latest contents of the scrapbook are related to a 1977 reunion of the engineers involved in Project Relay. In addition to the contents of the scrapbook, the papers include printed materials about RCA Video Tape, a 2001 interview with Mozzi from Public Radio International Reporter Paul Conlow, and materials relating to the transfer of the David Sarnoff Research Center to SRI, as well as Mozzi’s thoughts on that transaction.
Arrangement
The Project Relay binder sections are in their original order; all other folders are arranged alphabetically.
Provenance
Edy Mozzi donated his papers to the David Sarnoff Library in 2005.
Processing Notes
Processed by Anastasia Day, July 2016.
Box Folder
M&A 1253 1 Materials from Paul Conlow [includes 2001 Mozzi interview], 2002 January 8
Box Folder
M&A 1253 2 Print materials [includes RCA video tape sample], 1962 January 18, undated
Box Folder
M&A 1163 7 Project Relay binder - cover, Undated
Box Folder
M&A 1253 3 Project Relay binder - satellite features, 1962-1965; Selected items digitized [ID: Mozzi--Satellite Features--*].
Box Folder
M&A 1253 4 Project Relay binder - newspaper clippings, 1962-1965; Selected items digitized [ID: Mozzi--Newspaper Clippings--*].
Box Folder
M&A 1253 5 Project Relay binder - power supply failure, 1962-1965; This item has been digitized [ID: Mozzi--Power Supply--*].
Box Folder
M&A 1253 6 Project Relay binder - television pictures, 1962-1965; Selected items digitized [ID: Mozzi--Television Pictures--*].
Box Folder
M&A 1253 7 Project Relay binder - NASA news releases, 1962-1965; This item has been digitized [ID: Mozzi--NASA News Releases--*].
Box Folder
M&A 1253 8 Project Relay binder - telemetry data, 1962-1965; Selected items digitized [ID: Mozzi--Telemetry--*].
Box Folder
M&A 1253 9 Project Relay binder - program organization [includes personnel chart], 1962-1965; Selected items digitized [ID: Mozzi--Program Organization--*].
Box Folder
M&A 1253 10 Project Relay binder - environmental testing, 1962-1965; This item has been digitized [ID: Mozzi--Environmental Testing--*].
Box Folder
M&A 1253 11 Project Relay binder - miscellaneous, 1962-1977; Selected items digitized [ID: Mozzi--Miscellaneous--Relay 1 Reunion 12-09-77, Mozzi--Miscellaneous--Syncom-Hughes Aircraft].
Box Folder
M&A 1253 12 Project Relay binder - Applied Electronics Corporation, 1962; This item has been digitized [ID: Key Personnel and Products].
Box Folder
M&A 1253 13 Project Relay binder - launch information, 1962; This item has been digitized [ID: Operations Summary 01-15-64].
Box Folder
M&A 1253 14 Project Relay binder - Telstar, 1962; Selected items digitized [ID: 01-Telstar Specs].
Box Folder
M&A 1253 15 SRI, 2001 January 6
V. Lawrence P. Nahay papers, 1957-1990
Historical Note
Lawrence P. Nahay was born in Newark, New Jersey in 1926. He was drafted into the Army Signal Corps in 1944. Nahay earned a BS from Virginia Polytechnic Institute in 1948 and an MS in electrical engineering from the New Jersey Institute of Technology in 1956. Later that year, he was hired as a Principal Member of the Engineering Staff by RCA – Camden, where he specialized in signal processing.
Nahay received six patents, and saw his work used on Apollo space missions. He retired from the company in 1990, then GE Aerospace, and died in New Jersey in 2006.
Scope and Content
The Lawrence P. Nahay papers are composed of Nahay’s work binder. These papers include resumes, work schedules and phone numbers, travel receipts, specifications, correspondence, reports, graphs, and schematics. The majority of the papers related to his day-to-day work relate to Nahay’s work on the Space Station, GWEN, and Apollo programs, particularly the design of signal systems for communications and tracking.
Arrangement
Folders arranged in Nahay’s original order.
Processing Notes
Processed by Rachael A. Beyer, 2014.
Box Folder
M&A 1080 21-25 Binder, 1957-1990
VI. Harry L. and Harvey P. Sommerer papers, 1930-1956
English and Japanese.
Historical Note
Harry Leadom Sommerer was born in Philadelphia in 1885. He began working as a purchasing agent for the Victor Talking Machine Company in Camden, New Jersey in 1909. From 1930 to 1937, Sommerer served as managing director of the Victor Talking Machine Company of Japan’s plant in Yokohama, Japan. He returned to RCA in Camden, receiving an appointment as Manager of Manufacturing for RCA plants. During World War II, Sommerer also oversaw subcontracting operations on war work. Harry L. Sommerer retired from RCA in 1947 and died in Pennsylvania in 1956.
The son of Harry L., Harvey Price Sommerer was born in Philadelphia in 1911. He worked as a buyer for the Victor Talking Machine Company of Japan in Yokohama, Japan from 1930 to 1937. Along with his father, Harvey left Japan when RCA sold its majority stake in the Victor Talking Machine Company of Japan (later to become JVC) when the Japanese invaded China in 1937. Returning to the United States, Sommerer worked for RCA Victor in Camden, New Jersey as chief buyer in the home instrument department. He resigned from the position in 1947. Harvey P. Sommerer died in Florida in 2007.
Scope and Content
The Harry L. and Harvey P. Sommerer papers are primarily composed of Harvey P.'s papers, including a letterbook, Japanese business and identity cards, recreational photographs, and ephemera. The papers also include fifteen films from the 1930s, primarily in Japan.
Arrangement
This series is arranged in two subseries:
A. Papers
B. Films
Files are arranged alphabetically.
Provenance
Donated to the David Sarnoff Library by John Sommerer in 2007. In 2009, along with the rest of the archival collections of the David Sarnoff Library, the Harry L. and Harvey P. Sommerer papers were donated to the Hagley Museum and Library. Additional documents were later given by John Sommerer to Alexander Magoun, who donated them to Hagley in December 2015.
Processing Notes
Processed by Rachael A. Beyer, August 2014.
A. Papers, 1930-1956
Box Folder
M&A 114 27 "Behind the Scenes with Next Year's Model - The Tale of a New Receiver's Evolution" [satire on RCA development process], undated
M&A 114 28 Business and identification cards and ephemera, 1934-1947, undated
M&A 114 29 Correspondence from former colleagues at the Victor Talking Machine Company of Japan [includes news on Japanese invasion of China and the performance of the company baseball team], 1937-1938, undated
M&A 114 30 Flyer demanding wage increase issued by Camden Local 103, UERMWA (United Electrical Radio and Machine Workers of America), late 1945?
M&A 114 31 Gardner, M. A.: activity report (Purchasing Department), 1941 November
M&A 114 32 Grey Advertising Agency publication, 1946
M&A 114 33 Letterbook, 1930-1937
M&A 114 34 Obituary for Harry L. Sommerer, 1956 November 29
M&A 114 35 Photographs, undated
M&A 114 36 Resignation letter, 1947 Februrary 17
M&A 114 37 "The Victor Dial-List," circa 1930
M&A 114 38 Victor Talking Machine Company of Japan booklets [in Japanese], 1930-?
M&A 114 39 "You and I and RCA: Television Ahead!," 1945 April 1
B. Films, 1930-1939
Scope and Content
This subseries consists of 15 films and 1 video of travel footage, mostly from Japan where Harry L. and Harvey P. Sommerer worked for RCA Victor. All film in the collection is 16mm and the only video is on Digital Betacam.
Of note is a film of the Victor plant opening in Japan and other travel films from Berlin, Amsterdam, London and Hawaii, all presumably dating from the 1930s (not all footage was dated).
The video is a film transfer of several of the films in the collection including “Victor Plant Opening Japan”, “Rotary outings Nagoya & Kyoto” and “Shots of Victor and Nipper, Hoykaido, Japan”.
Much of the film in this collection has deteriorated and is of very poor quality. Ask the Audiovisual archivist for more information on this material.
The video material is on Digital Betacam which cannot be viewed at this time.
Film
Can 1 Berlin/Amsterdam, 1939 [Film in very poor condition, reel transferred to plastic canister but film cannot be put on film core.] ; 1 reel : si., b&w ; 16mm.
Film
Can 15 China-Korea-Nagoya, 1931 [Travel footage following group of people. Scenes of countryside, cities, boats and various people and sites.] ; 1 reel (400 ft.) : si., b&w ; 16mm.
Box
AVD3 DuArt film transfer - Pre War Victor Films, circa 1930-1939 [1-Reel 4-Victor Plant Opening Japan, Rotary outings Nagoya & Kyoto, 2-Reel 5-Shots of Victor and Nipper, Hoykaido, Japan, 8 Min. 3-Victor Factory, Film very poor, transfer at 6 fps, 10 min. Retransfer on another telecine, 2 min.] ; 1 videocassette (Digital Betacam).
Film
Can 2 Home-Canada to Japan-First Scenes, 1930 [Film very poor condition.] ; 1 reel (400 ft.) : si., b&w ; 16mm.
Film
Can 3 Japan Trips, undated [Film in very poor condition, reel transferred to plastic canister but film cannot be put on film core.] ; 1 reel (400 ft.) : si., b&w ; 16mm.
Film
Can 4 London, 1939 [Film in very poor condition, film has been put on core but too brittle to play.] ; 1 reel (200 ft.) : si., b&w ; 16mm.
Film
Can 5 Naples, Capri & Rome, 1937 [Film in very poor condition, reel transferred to plastic canister but film cannot be put on film core.] ; 1 reel (100 ft.) : si., b&w ; 16mm.
Film
Can 6 Shots of Victor and Nipper_Hoykaido, Japan, undated [Film very poor condition.] ; 1 reel (300 ft.) : si., b&w ; 16mm.
Film
Can 7 To Honolulu-Havana-Frisco-Los Angeles and Ships en route, undated [Film in very poor condition, reel transferred to plastic canister but film cannot be put on film core.] ; 1 reel (400 ft.) : si., b&w ; 16mm.
Film
Can 8 Travel footage_01, 1938 [Film in very poor condition, reel transferred to plastic canister but film cannot be put on film core.] ; 1 reel (100 ft.) : si., b&w ; 16mm.
Film
Can 9 Travel footage_02, undated [Film in very poor condition, film has been put on core but too brittle to play.] ; 1 reel (50 ft.) : si., b&w ; 16mm.
Film
Can 10 Travel footage_03, undated [Travel footage put together on core. Kobe, Shanghai, Hong Kong scenes. Manilla and Singapore. Egypt. Colombo, Sri Lanka-Ship. Film in very poor condition, film has been put on core but too brittle to play.] ; 1 reel (400 ft.) : si., b&w ; 16mm.
Film
Can 11 Victor Factory, undated [Film very poor condition.] ; 1 reel (150 ft.) : si., b&w ; 16mm.
Film
Can 12 Victor Opening Celebration, undated [Rotary Outings, Nagoya and Kyoto, also at Victor. Film in very poor condition, reel transferred to plastic canister but film cannot be put on film core.] ; 1 reel (100 ft.) : si., b&w ; 16mm.
Film
Can 13 Victor Plant Opening_Japan, undated [Rotary Outings_Nagoya & Kyoto, Japan] ; 1 reel (400 ft.) : si., b&w ; 16mm.
Film
Can 14 Yase-Mushroom Hunt/Nikko, Kobe, Nara, Kyoto, undated [Lake Biwa_Nikko-Summer/Winter, Kobe Nara, Kyoto-Hodzuz, Yase-Mushroom Hunt. No. 5. Film in very poor condition, reel transferred to plastic canister but film cannot be put on film core.] ; 1 reel (400 ft.) : si., b&w ; 16mm.
VII. Mearl W. Tilden papers, 1940-1953
Historical Note
Mearl W. Tilden was born in Stanwood, Iowa in 1904. He earned a BS in electrical engineering from the University of Iowa in 1929 and began working for RCA as a Student Engineer in New York later that year.
Tilden frequently changed positions while working for RCA. He began in 1938 as a Photophone Field Engineer, repairing theater sound equipment. During the war, Tilden was a Field Service Superintendent writing radar instruction manuals for the Navy, then served a year as an Electron Microscope Specialist, and finally became Manager of Technical Publications. In the 1950s, Tilden managed the quality test lab, then became Leader of Special Projects for RCA’s BMEWS Service (ballistic missile early warning system). Tilden ended the decade as the Manager of Field Support Engineering for the Government Service Department.
Tilden eventually retired from RCA and died in Moorestown, New Jersey in 1991.
Scope and Content
The Mearl W. Tilden papers are composed of inspection and installation reports, notes, correspondence, schematics, notebooks, and articles related to the electron microscope.
Arrangement
Folders arranged alphabetically by subject.
Processing Notes
Processed by Rachael A. Beyer, November 2014.
Box Folder
M&A 1215 19 Articles on the electron microscope, 1940-1944
Box Folder
M&A 1215 20 Cathode ray oscilloscope modification, notes and schematics, 1945
Box Folder
M&A 1215 21 Electron microscope notebooks, #1-#4, circa 1944
Box Folder
M&A 1216 1 EMB electron microscope, notes and schematics, 1943-1945
Box Folder
M&A 1216 2 EMC electron microscope, notes and schematics, 1944-1945
Box Folder
M&A 1215 22 EMU electron microscope, notes, correspondence, and schematics, 1943-1944
Box Folder
M&A 1215 23 Service inspections and installation reports of electron microscopes (about 75 individual reports of service and installation calls to companies and universities that own electron microscopes nationwide), 1944-1953
VIII. General, circa 1913-1971
(AVD portion only) 33 photographic print : b&w ; 8 x 10 in. 1 document : 8.5 x 11 in. 1 photographic print : color ; 7 x 7 in. 1 photographic print : b&w ; 7 x 7 in. 1 negative : b&w ; 3 x 5 in.
Scope and Content
The General series include photographs, technical reports, project plans, and reports from Victor and RCA operations in Camden.
Arrangement
Folders are arranged alphabetically by subject.
Processing Notes
Processed by Ashley Giordano, 2015.
Box Folder
M&A 1186 52 “A Summary of TV Interference Studies” by H.B. Yin, 1955 June 17
Box Folder
M&A 1186 53 “Automation Report 1958: An Account of Technological Progress In RCA Divisions and Companies”, 1959 March
Box Folder
M&A 1187 1 “Automation Report 1959: An Account of Technological Progress In RCA Divisions and Companies”, 1960 March
Box Folder
M&A 1187 2 “Engineering Accomplishments – 1954” by the Engineering Department, Engineering Products Division, 1954
Box Folder
M&A 1216 12 Goulart, Steven: "Handbook of Electronic Circuits" (RCA Service Company) [donated by Steven Goulart in 2007], 1953 June 30
Box Folder
M&A 1216 13 Goulart, Steven: "Notes on Color Television Engineering" by John W. Wentworth [donated by Steven Goulart in 2004], 1952
Box Folder
M&A 1187 3 “Historical Manual of Company-Union Relations, Hourly Bargaining Units, Manufacturing, and Cafeteria Operations Camden Plant from 1937” Third Edition, 1962 July
Box Folder
M&A 1187 4 Hofstetter, George: membership cards, identification card, and award certificate, 1944 March 1-1969 June, undated
Box Folder
M&A 1187 5 “New Product Developments in RCA Victor Division January-March, 1951” prepared by New Products Division, Engineering Department, 1951 May
Box Folder
AVD1 3 Production and lab photographs, circa 1920s-1930s; 7 photographic prints : b&w ; 8 x 10 in.
Box Folder
M&A 1187 6 Project Bizmac Advanced Development Engineering Interim Reports #27-#31 by Gerard Rezek, N.B. Metteer, and D.R. Andrews, 1952 November 24-1953 May 15
Box Folder
M&A 1187 7 “Project VEM Plan to Complete (for the University of Virginia) The 500 Kilovolt Electron Microscope” by John W. Coleman, 1967 June
Box Folder
M&A 1187 8 “RCA’s Contribution to the War Effort Through SONAR 1934-1946” by RCA Victor Division, 1947; This item has been digitized [ID: RCA Sonar--*].
Box Folder
M&A 1187 9 RCA telephone directory, 1971 May
Box Folder
AVD1 4 RCA Victor cover art for synthesized music 45 record, circa 1950-1970; 1 photographic print : color ; 7 x 7 in. 1 photographic print : b&w ; 7 x 7 in.
Box Folder
AVD1 5 RCA Victor Research Division, 1932; 1 photographic print : b&w ; 8 x 10 in. 1 document : 8.5 x 11 in.
Drawer
AA-08 Research department staff photographs, circa 1940; 52 photographic prints : b&w ; 3 x 3 in. or smaller, mounted on single board.
Box Folder
AVD1 6 Victor promotional photographs, circa 1913-1966; 10 photographic prints : b&w ; 8 x 10 in.
Box Folder
AVD-NG1 27 Victor promotional photographs, negatives, circa 1913-1966; 1 negative : b&w ; 3 x 5 in.
Box Folder
AVD1 2 Victor television and radio, circa 1920-1950; 15 photographic prints : b&w ; 8 x 10 in.