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Lois K. Herr papers

Accession 2462

Manuscripts and Archives Department, Hagley Museum and Library


PO Box 3630
Wilmington, Delaware, 19807
302-658-2400
research@hagley.org

Finding aid prepared by Dave Burdash in 2013.,

This finding aid was produced using the Archivists' Toolkit 2013-08-22T14:21-0400

Finding aid prepared using best local practices and Describing Archives: A Content Standard

Cite items for this collection in the following format:
[Description and dates], Box/folder number, Lois K. Herr papers (Accession 2462), Hagley Museum and Library, Wilmington, DE 19807

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Descriptive Summary

Title: Lois K. Herr papers
Dates: 1907-2004, bulk 1963-2003
Accession Number: 2462
Creator: Herr, Lois Kathryn, 1941-
Extent: 8 linear feet
Language of Material: English
Repository: Hagley Museum and Library: Manuscripts and Archives Department
Abstract: Lois K. Herr was a prominent advocate of equal rights for women in the workplace and a party to an important legal victory securing greater equity for women in AT&T's Bell System in the early 1970s. The collection documents her role as an important campaigner for women's rights in the business world and her interest in her predecessors in the suffragist and feminist movements of the early 20th century.
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Administrative Information


Provenance

Gift of Lois Herr, 2010-2012

Most of the Lois Herr Papers were prepared or collected by Herr beginning in the early 1960s through 2003. In addition, many papers, correspondence, news clippings, and reports about equal rights for women were solicited and collected by her during the same period. Early files document events leading up to a landmark equal rights court case, United States of America and the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission v. American Telephone and Telegraph Company. Resources collected prior to and during the court case, as well as those gathered after the case, provided Herr with abundant information to write the book Women, Power, and AT&T, Winning Rights in the Work Place. Included among her papers are sources of her research and documents collected to support events described in the book.

Access Restrictions

Records less than 25 years old are closed to researchers.

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Biographical Note

Lois Kathryn Herr was born in Hershey, Pennsylvania on December 23, 1941. She earned a Bachelor of Arts degree in English from Elizabethtown College and a Master of Arts degree from the University of Pennsylvania. During her employment at Bell Labs Herr earned a Master of Business Administration degree at Fordham University in the Bronx, New York City in 1975.

Herr’s first full-time job was teaching seventh grade English in Middletown Township,New Jersey in 1963. To fulfill her need for more challenging work, she went to work at Bell Laboratories in 1964. During her 26 year career with Bell Labs and other units of the Bell System, Herr lived and worked in four states and the District of Columbia before retiring from NYNEX in 1990.As a manager within Bell Labs, AT&T, New York Telephone and NYNEX, Herr gained the respect of not only her peers, but also that of officers and directors of the companies in which she strived to gain equal rights for women in the workplace.

From 1990 to 2011, Herr lived in Lancaster County Pennsylvania. From 1993 to 2003 she taught business and managed marketing activities at Elizabethtown College. Her volunteer service in the region has been vast and productive. She has participated on several public boards and has been a candidate for the U.S. House of Representatives three times since 2004. She has also acted as the Executive Director of the Lancaster County Democratic Committee and served as a State Committeeperson in the Pennsylvania Democratic Party. She is a member of the National Organization for Women. Her affiliations within the feminist movement are well documented in her papers and in a book she authored in 2002, Women, Power, and AT&T: Winning Rights in the Work Place (Northeastern University Press, 2003).

Lois Herr’s second book, published in 2009, is titled Dear Coach: Letters Home from World War II. The book chronicles the contents of 200 letters sent from soldiers in the battle grounds of the war to their coach back home, Herr’s father. Ira Herr founded the athletic program at Elizabethtown College and was a legendary coach at the school for many years.

Herr continues to work with organizations which protect the rights of women in the workplace and participates in Pennsylvania politics.

Herr began her employment at Bell Labs in 1963. This was during an era which saw the passage of the Federal Equal Pay Act of 1963, the Civil Rights Act of 1964, and also the founding of the National Organizational for Women in 1966. At first Herr did not become involved in the activities associated with the feminist movement. She was a part of the “Ma Bell” family and quite content to think of her job as a welcome challenge.

However, when she discovered that her work benefits were not equal to those paid to men at the same level, and that women were not permitted to work at jobs categorized as “men’s jobs,” she began to internally question the discriminatory policies of her company. Her mission was clear; she was determined to cause a change in the thinking of those senior executives who created policy. Herrwas determined to influence change within the Bell System, but to do it without disturbing the family-like environment of a cooperative corporation which welcomed open discussion about issues which affected work.

The senior executives of AT&T were proud of their companies’ record with respect to hiring and training minorities. Herr discovered, however, that there were few women in high managerial positions at AT&T, and she was determined to change the obvious discrimination. The Civil Rights Act of 1964 created the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission to investigate and enforce penalties for acts of discrimination in the work place (other than in federal government which monitored its own). When AT&T applied to the Federal Communications Commission for an increase in rates in 1970, young lawyers atthe EEOC saw an opportunity to intervene. The argument for intervention was supported by the National Organization for Women and other civil rights organizations. The charge was that by discriminating AT&T was inefficient economically and did not deserve the rate increase. The FCC separated the rate increase request from the EEOC charge and established a separate document to investigate the EEOC’s charges against AT&T.

Understanding that AT&T was being challenged by the federal government regarding issues about which she had also been similarly concerned, Herr and others within AT&Tsaw an opportunity to join the battle from within the company. AT&T believed that the company had been blindsided by the EEOC. They were proud of their record in hiring and training minorities, but had not realized that their record of unequal employment policies with women and minoritieswould be challenged. Indeed, their response to the decree of intervention focused on minorities, not women, until the issue about women’s rights was explained to them in very clear terms. The Petition to Intervene in AT&T’s request for a rate increase was dated December 10, 1970, and the agreement to settle the case was not signed until January 18, 1973.

Herr describes the story of the women’s movement and the EEOC intervention in her book Women, Power, and AT&T. The Lois Herr Papers articulate first, the process, step by step, by which Herr and other pioneers of the women’s movement in the United States and the EEOC had influenced changes in corporate policy to create more equal opportunities for women in the work place. Secondly, her papers describe the process by which Herr composed and published her first book. Her papers indicate meticulous scholarship and persistent advocacy toward the goal of equality for women. Her diligent work and the work of many other pioneers in the women’s movement are well documented in her papers through correspondence, personal notes and collections of informative memoranda and news articles. Herr’s extensive compilation of AT&T and EEOC records are a significant resource for examining the issue of equal rights in the workplace.

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Scope and Content

The Lois K. Herr papers document her role as an important campaigner for women's rights in the business world and her interest in her predecessors in the suffragist and feminist movements of the early 20th century.

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Separated Material

Visual and audio materials were transferred to Audiovisual Collections and Digital Initiatives Department.

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Series Descriptions and Inventory

I. U.S. and EEOC v. AT&T, 1881, 1913, 1961-1991, 1997, 2001-2003, undated
Scope and Content
The records leading up to the court case include a chronological arrangement of memos, correspondence, data lists, and personal notes between Herr and other equal rights activists from the beginning of the feminist movement in the United States in the early 1960s to the settlement of the case by AT&T and EEOC. The records include information about the beginning of the National Organization for Women. Court case records begin with the Petition of Intervention by EEOC in December 1970 to the Consent Agreement and settlement in January 1973. Testimony of the officers of AT&T, as well as that of equal rights activists are also included, followed by post-settlement responses from AT&T.
A. Pre-trial, 1881, 1964, 1968-1970, undated
Box Folder
1 1 The First Bell System Annual Report, American Bell Telephone Company, 1881 March 29
1 1 Presidents Kennedy and Johnson call for equal opportunity, undated
1 1 Civil Rights law, 1964
1 1 Bell's policy on equal opportunity, undated
1 1 Actionable complaints against AT&T, undated
1 1 The impact of riots on Bell System, undated
1 2 "A Unique Competence: A Study of Equal Employment Opportunity in the Bell System," by the legal team for EEOC, 1968
1 3 "Doing My Thing," an account of African greatness in Life and Work, The Detroit Industrial Mission, 1969 February
1 3 Communication industry newsletters, 1969 December 17 - 1972 September 20
1 4 Petition against Pacific Telephone & Telegraph and Vice President Johnson's response, 1970
1 4 The Age of Anxiety at AT&T," Fortune magazine, 1970
1 4 "Utilization of Women in the Management of the Bell System," an AT&T task force report, 1970
1 4 Pacific T&T, status of settlement from EEOC case, 1970
1 4 AT&T Chairman responds to the EEOC Petition, 1970
1 4 News clipping about the EEOC charges, 1970
B. National Organization for Women (NOW), 1913, 1966-1975, 1980-1981, 1988, 1997, 2001-2002, undated
Box Folder
1 5 Copy of a photograph of the females of the Cable Plant at Hawthorne picnic celebrating the granting of women's suffrage in Illinois, 1913
1 5 "Reporters You Can Trust," undated
1 5 NOW Conference on the employment problems of women, 1970 January 24
1 5 "26th National Success" from NOW ACTS, regarding August 26th celebration of Women's Suffrage Amendment, undated
1 5 Selected publications concerning women's rights, 1970 October
1 5 Photo of Mary Jane Collins and Mary Ann Lupa en route to NOW training in Chicago, undated
1 5 "NOW: The First 5 Years," 1966-1971
1 5 NOW statement of purpose, publications, and issues, 1966-1970
1 5 Letter regarding the "Scott Plan," 1970 March 29
1 5 Letter from NOW urging the passage of S.B. 2453 granting cease and desist powers to EEOC, undated
1 5 U.S. postage stamps commemorating the 50th anniversary of women's right to vote, undated
1 6 List of books about the feminist movement, undated
1 6 Quotes from Wilma Scott Heide, the third President of NOW, undated
1 6 Letter from Aileen Hernandez to William Brown, undated [Letter to the Chair of EEOC complaining about the irresponsible attitude of EEOC Director Joseph Fagan in a public meeting.]
1 6 A copy of the NOW "Phone Company Anti-discrimination Affirmative Action Kit," undated
1 6 Several ACTION NOW publications, 1971
1 6 New Orleans Chapter of NOW devoting entire month of March to promote awareness of unfair treatment of women in the workplace, 1971 March 8
1 6 Letter from NOW to U.S. Representative Bella Abzug, 1971 March 9
1 6 Letter from NOW to William Brown, 1971 March 15 [Letter listing issues important to NOW.]
1 7 Press release, 1971 March 29 [Announcement of NOW raising the question of sex discrimination in the Bell System.]
1 7 Illinois Bell Bulletin, 1971 April 7 [Bulletin regarding picketing the Bell headquarters by NOW.]
1 7 News release, 1971 April 19 [News release regarding Lois and Woody Kerkeslager holding a meeting of Chicago NOW.]
1 7 Long Lines (Bell training center) article about "don't call women 'girls'," 1971 April 30
1 7 Pathfinder Corps. by NOW to offer help to women who reenter the work force, 1971 May 23
1 7 Several ACT NOW issues, undated
1 8 NOW Nationwide Actions, undated [Actions in New York State, Twin Cities, Minnesota, Central CT, Cedar Rapids IA, Sacramento, CA, and other U.S. locations.]
1 8 "Why a non-militant joins NOW," Chicago Daily News, 1971 July 27
1 8 Handwritten notes on the NOW National Convention in Los Angeles on Labor Day, 1971 September 6
1 8 Laws covering sex discrimination in employment, undated
1 8 Information about August 26, 1971, the day NOW presented a package of feminist demands to Chicago's Mayor Richard J. Daley, undated
1 8 NOW bulletin from its Compliance Task Force, undated [Review of the December 10, 1970 EEOC charges of discrimination in Bell System.]
1 8 Surveys, undated
1 8 "Background on Federal Action Toward Equal Employment Opportunity for Women," undated
1 8 "Where Is Chicago NOW?" Who is NOW?" Good Housekeeping poll, 1971
1 8 "Survival Statistics to Silence the Oppressors," undated
1 8 "Questions I Should Have Answered Better," undated
1 9 Detroit chapter meeting notes, 1972 January 19
1 9 Affirmative action issues with Illinois Bell, undated
1 9 Special issue of Time magazine featuring "The American Woman," 1972 March 20
1 9 "Information on the Equal Rights Amendment of 1972," undated
1 9 Finding of facts in Robson, Repa, and Reilly v. Illinois Bell memo, 1972 July 19
1 9 NOW Midwest Region joins all of NOW to protest AT&T's rate increase due to the company's "blatant sex discrimination in employment," undated
1 10 Urban Research Corporation Conference on equality for women, 1972 May 13
1 10 "Pa Bell Promises Full Equality for Women NOW," following NOW's demonstration in front of Illinois Bell Building, undated
1 10 "National Organization for Women: The Formative Years. The National Effort to Require Federal Action on Equal Employment Rights for Women in the 1960's" by John Harmon Florer, Syracuse University, 1972 December 18
1 11 Memo from Heather Booth to MaryAnn Lupa and Ann Scott regarding NOW training session at the NOW Conference, 1973 January 10
1 11 1973 NOW 6th Annual Conference program, "The Future Is Revolution NOW," 1973 February 17-19
1 11 ACT NOW reviews NOW's push to raise money for awareness of the importance of the Equal Rights Amendment, 1973 February
1 11 Press release by NOW, 1973 March 5 [Press release deploring Illinois Bell’s attempt to raise telephone rates to pay for retroactive pay guaranteed by the EEOC settlement.]
1 11 NOW Compliance Committee's "Guidelines on Questions to be Used in Evaluating Affirmative Action Plans," undated
1 11 1973 NOW 6th Annual Conference program "The Future is Revolution NOW," 1973 February 17-19
1 11 Form for NOW members to list their feminist history and send it to the Veteran Feminists of America, undated
1 11 "Information on Organizing Corporate Feminism," undated
1 12 NOW membership list, 1974 August 24
1 12 The Spokeswoman reports NOW victories at Kraft, Washington Post and others, 1974 September 15
1 12 "Job Equality NOW," 1975 July 19 [A kit for chapters of NOW hoping to achieve equal opportunities in employment.]
1 12 "What Makes Sally Run?" Newsweek, 1975 December 6
1 12 ERA Report reviewing the formation of a National Business Council to help ratify the Equal Rights Amendment, 1980 March
1 12 NOW Legal Defense & Education Fund equal opportunity awards dinner, 1981 October 28
1 12 "Countdown to Equality" the 1981 NOW Annual Convention, notes and workbook, 1981
1 13 NOW National Times, 1981 November
1 13 Notice from Ms. magazine stating that after 17 years (1971-1988) the magazine would cease to exist, due to lack of advertising, 1988
1 13 NOW National Times, 1997 January
1 13 "FYI: Getting In Touch With National NOW Action Center in Washington, D.C. including NOW officers," 2001
1 13 Illinois Commerce Commission, mission statement, organizational structure, 2001 July 16
1 13 "Lib fund set to aid 7 held in abortion," from the CWLU website, 2002 January 12
1 13 "Welcome to the web site of the National Council of Women's Organizations," 2002 July 20
1 13 "Women Speak on Affirmative Action," from the National Council of Women's Organizations web site, 2002 July 20
1 13 Photos of Lorena Weeks and Aileen Hernandez, after 1971
1 13 "Equal Rights in the Bedroom," by NOW, New York City chapter, undated
C. Court case, 1966-1991, 2001, undated
Box Folder
1 14 Chronology of events regarding EEOC v. AT&T, 2001 June 30
1 15 Civil Rights Law " Title VII, Discrimination on the Basis of Sex, some Bell System applications, 1966 February 10 [Contains information about the Equal Pay Act of 1963, the Fair Employment Practices Law, and Civil Rights Act of 1964.]
1 15 Lois Herr's correspondence and speeches prior to the settlement of the EEOC case, 1970 April 8 - 1972 October 11
1 15 Comments by W.C. Mercer, Vice- President of Personnel, AT&T at System Public Affairs conference, 1968 September 25
1 15 Speech by Clara Allen, head of the Job Pressure Committee of the Communications Workers of America, during the 31st Annual Convention of the CWA, 1969 June
1 15 Letter supporting male- only specified jobs, 1969 October 23
1 15 Dress code of women employees, 1970 September 23
1 15 Motion for discovery and production of documents, 1971 February 22
1 15 Topics, a review of AT&T's Task Force on Women formed by the company in 1970, 1971 May
1 15 EEOC Exhibit 5, undated [A list of document numbers and descriptions in table of contents format.]
1 15 Letter from David Copus, attorney for EEOC, to Hal Levy, attorney for AT&T, 1971 April 28 [Letter stating contents of materials soon to be sent under separate cover.]
1 15 Letter from David Copus, attorney for EEOC, to Hal Levy, attorney for AT&T, 1971 June 17 [Letter stating that some documents were missing and need to be sent to EEOC.]
1 15 Copus's notes with Levy et al. in New York, 1972 March 27 - 1972 May 25
1 15 Text of a statement by Harold Schroeder, Assistant Vice President of AT&T, regarding the company's pension system, 1967 May 3
1 OS-1 EEOC's petition to the FCC, 1970 December 10 [Petition to the FCC to intervene in AT&T’s request for a rate increase until AT&T ceases to discriminate against women in the workplace.]
1 16 AT&T's opposition to the EEOC's Petition for Intervention, 1970 December 18 [Includes an affidavit of William C. Mercer.]
1 16 National Organization for Women's petition to the FCC, 1971 January 13 [Petition to suspend rates, and for a hearing and declaration of unlawfulness.]
1 16 AT&T's long distance message telecommunications service, 1971 [Phase 1 and pertinent statistics.]
1 16 Affirmative Action Program of The Pacific Telephone and Telegraph Company, San Francisco CA, 1971
1 16 A bulletin from AT&T, undated [Review of the EEOC and AT&T positions regarding discrimination at AT&T.]
1 16 Lists of representatives for NOW, AT&T, and EEOC, undated
1 16 AT&T memo(?) regarding untrue statements by EEOC during the FCC hearings, undated [Regarding hearings held during mid-May 1972 in the areas of the company’s Absence Control Plan, and The Plant Department Strike of July, 14, 1971-February, 1972 in New York State.]
1 17 Fact sheet on Lorena Weeks v. Southern Bell, 1971 February 21 [In which Weeks charges discrimination on the basis of sex; plus information on court cases involving Pacific T&T, Southern Bell, and New Jersey Bell.]
1 17 Memo from corporate ID program regarding standardized work clothing trials, 1971 May 10
1 17 Letter from Randy Speck, attorney for EEOC, 1971 June 18 [Announcement of a “massive investigation” of AT&T.]
1 17 "Because It's Right," a speech by G.L. Hough at a Conference on Equal Opportunity for Women in San Francisco, 1971 October 22
1 18 Paper copies and transparencies of cartoons used, 1971-1991
1 18 AT&T Alliance for Women board notes, 1971 November 16 - 1973 May
1 18 Southwest Bell reports EEOC's case against AT&T, 1971 December 2
1 18 "AT&T sexism case Still no lady repairmen, but a few lawyer-freaks," The Village Voice, 1971 December 9 [Article reviewing the precedent for denying rate increases until compliance with civil rights laws is met.]
1 18 Follow-up to AT&T Task Force on Women, 1971 December 27
1 19 Lois H. Kerkeslager's "Outside the Company and Inside the Company," The Situation Today, 1972 January 1 [Article quoting from the Harvard Business Review’s opinion about the company’s options for beginning EE.]
1 19 "Companies Face Fights on Issues," The New York Times, 1972 February 4
1 19 Explanation of the AT&T Alliance for Women, 1972 February 8
1 19 "Hearings on EEOC Charges Against Bell System Starts," Telecommunications Week, 1972 February 8
1 19 Lois Herr Kerkeslager's "And Now the News," 1972 February 11 [Review of the events leading up to EEOC Hearings : EEOC’s intervention to block AT&T’s request to the FCC for a rate increase, until AT&T provided equality for women in the workplace (December, 1970); EEOC’s filing 20,000 page pre-hearing documents (December 1, 1971); official hearings began.]
1 19 A review of Presidential Executive Order 11246, undated
1 19 Congressional Record, Page E1243, "How Ma Bell Discriminates" by Congresswoman Shirley Chisholm, 1972 February 17
1 19 Available visual aids dealing with the Women's Rights Movement or with women in industry, undated
1 19 Letter from Frank E. Bell, Supervisor of Affirmative Action at Sandia Labs, 1972 March 3
1 20 Affidavits and testimony of witnesses in EEOC v. AT&T, undated [Affadavits and testimony from Lorena Weeks, Ann Scott, Gabrielle Gemma, Mary Pirotti, William Wallace, Sandra Bem, Fern Quann on Kathy Dennis, rebuttal to Helen Roig, Lee Walker on behalf of NOW Carol Carter, Collette Birnbaum, Hull and Wenning for NOW and others.]
Box Folder
2 1 Testimony (volume 1) of John W. Kingsbury, Assistant Vice President for personnel relations at AT&T, 1972 October 30
2 2 Testimony (volume 2) of John W. Kingsbury, Assistant Vice President for personnel relations at AT&T, 1972 October 30
2 3 Testimony (volume 3) of John W. Kingsbury, Assistant Vice President for personnel relations at AT&T, 1972 October 30 - 31
2 3 Att&T witnesses and summaries of their testimony, undated
2 4 Information on CULA, the Center for United Labor Action, 1972 March - 1982 January
2 4 Speech at Human Affairs Council in Chicago by John D. deButts, Chairman of the Board, AT&T., 1972 March 8
2 4 Letter from David Kreitler, Solicitor, Bell Telephone of Pennsylvania, to Harold Levy, attorney for AT&T, 1972 March 15 [Letter regarding a KDKA TV show in Pittsburgh featuring a Bell employee.]
2 4 "Under Pressure Firms Try To Upgrade Status of Women Employees," Wall Street Journal, 1972 March 20
2 4 Copy of a San Francisco Examiner press clipping regarding Pacific Telephone &Telegraph's intention to hire people with Spanish surnames, 1972 March 24
2 4 Testimony at hearings regarding the hiring of more Latinos, undated
2 4 Letter from NOW to John deButts, recently elected Chairman of AT&T, 1972 April 24 [Letter regarding NOW’s concern about equality for women in the workplace.]
2 4 News articles from industry magazines, The New York Times, undated
2 4 "AT&T Women Form Alliance," The New York Times, 1972 April 28
2 4 Southwest Bell reports Affirmative Action Plans for improving career opportunities for women, 1972 May 2
2 4 AT&T reports that the company has been maligned by EEOC, 1972 May
2 4 "AT&T Alliance For Women " What Do They Want To Do?," AT&T Treasury Department " Stock and Bond Division, 1972 June
2 4 "Women In Management," 1972 [Article about Jane Volt, General Operations Supervisor of Illinois Bell.]
2 5 Press release, 1972 August 1 [Press release by AT&T reaffirming the company’s commitment to equal employment opportunity and complaining about the unjust maligning of AT&T by EEOC.]
2 5 AT&T memos, 1972 August 4, 7, 10 [Memos include: "Procedure for Reporting Bell System Service Records of Employees at District Level and Higher Levels," "Personnel Upgrade and Transfer Plan," and "Reimbursement of Medicare-Part B Premiums to Pensioners and Eligible Spouses".]
2 5 Memo to mailing list of The Private Line, 1972 August [This issue contains a report that AT&T contends that EEOC exaggerates the job discrimination charges.]
2 5 Letter mentioning The Private Line, 1972 August 25
2 5 The Majority Report Feminist Newspaper Serving Women of New York, 1972 August
2 5 Ten letters regarding the new court policy of reporting discipline problems with employees with AT&T and witnesses in the EEOC case, 1972 October 3 - 1972 December 11, 1973 January 24
2 5 Letters regarding disciplinary action, 1972 August 3 - 1972 October 25 [Two letters about Yasin Ladson, one about Cathy Dennis, two about Gabrielle Gemma with two additional letters explaining the policy as ordered by the court.]
2 5 Letter from Morton Maneker, attorney for New York Telephone Company, to Frederick Denniston, the hearing examiner and judge, 1972 November 3 [Letter regarding absences of Cathy Dennis, and the court’s directive to report any disciplinary actions to the judge.]
2 5 Letter from Morton Meneker to James Juntilla, attorney for FCC, 1972 November 13 [Letter regarding disciplinary action against Patricia Miller.]
2 5 Letter from Morton Meneker to James Juntilla, 1972 November 28 [Letter regarding disciplinary action against Yasin Lasin.]
2 5 Letter from Thomas Walsh, attorney for New Jersey Bell, to Judge Denniston, 1972 December 11 [Letter regarding the dismissal of Luz Da Silva from NJ Bell.]
2 5 Letter about disciplining Cathy Dennis, 1973 January 24
2 6 "Social Dynamics and the Bell System," by Alvin Tofler, 1972 November 11
2 7 Bell System corporate structure, 1972 November 17
2 7 "Growing and Building Together", from AT&T News, 1972 December 15
2 7 Transparencies leading up to and following the EEOC filings, ending with EEOC/AT&T Goals, 1972 December 31
2 8 "Equal Opportunity" from American Odyssey, 1973 January 13 [A case study and review of the EEOC v. AT&T case, including background, the charge, responses from AT&T, the options for AT&T, and the settlement.]
2 8 Agreement for settlement, 1973 January 18
2 8 EEOC's petition to terminate proceedings, 1973 January 19
2 8 "Ma Bell Agrees to Pay Reparations," Newsweek, 1973 January 29
2 8 EEOC Implementation "Guidelines set pay rate adjustments, lump sum payments, women managers' assessment," 1973 February 19
D. Post-trial, 1971, 1973-1975, 1982, 2001, 2003
Box Folder
2 9 Introduction and copies of The Private Line, 1973 February 27 - March 26
2 9 Proceedings triggered by opposition to the petition filed by EEOC, 1973 March 12 [Petition to terminate proceedings. Opposition was led by unions who contended that the settlement was not satisfactory. The hearing in Judge Denniston’s office outlines the settlement and the unions’ explanations why it is unsatisfactory. Includes testimony and notes on the meeting]
2 10 Two letters on the discipline of Patricia Miller and Linda Dear, witness/employees of AT&T, undated
2 10 Order following hearing conference, 1973 March 20 [Review of evidentiary issues remaining after the March 12 hearing.]
2 10 "Lilley Addresses Alliance" from On Board with the Alliance, a report to the Women’s Alliance at AT&T., 1973 March 23
2 10 "Learning to Live in the 70's" a speech by W.L. Lindholm, Executive Vice President, AT&T, at Bell Labs director’s meeting., 1971 January 28
2 10 AT&T job classification structure, 1973 October
2 10 "Equal Employment Opportunities for Women: Problems, Facts, & Answers" by Aileen C. Hernandez, 1973
2 10 John D. deButt, "Tomorrow's Phone Service Why It Will Cost More," 1973 [Reprinted from U.S. News & World Report, 1973. Includes a number of questions about the interview presented by Lois Herr Kerkeslager.]
2 11 Testimony, a history of the case and rules of intervention, and a statement of request denied, 1973 October 5
2 11 Letter from AT&T's Bruce A. Strasser to A. Bennett Wilson, Jr., 1973 October 31 [Letter regarding aid to the hearing impaired.]
2 11 "Companies Make Good Start on EEO Goals" from AT&T Management Report, 1973 November
2 11 Four commercially printed and covered reports regarding AT&T's commitment to equal rights for all, 1973
2 12 "Bell System to issue adapters to aid the hard-of-hearing," AT&T Management Report, 1974 January 24
2 12 "Engineer speaks on technical education, employment for women," Bell Labs News, 1974 February 8
2 12 "Women in Craft Jobs" from AT&T memo, 1974 July 16 [Review of data on women in craft jobs and goals for 1974.]
2 12 "Lilley reviews year's progress under EEO," AT&T Management Report, 1974 April 4
2 12 "Arkansas plan hits EEO targets," AT&T News, 1974 October 7
2 12 "Small climbers for employees of Slight Stature," AT&T memo, 1875 February 4
2 12 AT&T Affirmative Action Plan, 1982 March 24
2 12 "AT&T Accused of Sexual Harassment, Discrimination," News Bytes News Network, 2001 November 29
2 12 "Gender Jobs/Earnings," PEER (Professional Education & Employment Reporter), 2003
E. News clippings, 1961-1973
Box Folder
2 13 News clippings folder, 1961 March 9 - 1971 October 31
2 14 News clippings folder, 1971 November 22 - 1972 August 2
II. Women, Power, and AT&T, 1963-2004, undated
Scope and Content
The papers in this series are a chronological record of the information collected by Herr to support her writing about the proceedings and impact of the court case in which she and her colleagues had participated in the early 1970s. Files also include a step-by-step look over the shoulder of the author as she methodically gathered information, persistently extracted information from those who had lived the event, and arranged the material to read like an historical novel. She tested the memories of her colleagues to critique her work and to review the manuscript when finished. The world of publishing is also described as Herr, a first time author, discovers and learns to navigate the path toward a finished product. The series further includes biographical information about most of the participants in the events mentioned in her book.
A. Research materials, 1963-2003, undated
Box Folder
2 15 The EEOC created by the Civil Rights Act of 1964, 1964 June 19
2 15 Milestone events in early EEOC, 1965 May - 1976 May 15
2 15 Relevant laws and regulations, 1963-1971
2 15 Articles from Feminist Majority Foundation Online, 1967
2 15 "Bell System Men and Women in Higher Management in 1968," AT&T Answerback, 1973 June 5
2 15 Graph showing the number of women above the 5th level of management, 1968-1982
2 16 List of documents pertaining to equal employment opportunities from Netscape search, 1970
2 16 Lois Herr's notes for book, 1970 March 18
2 16 Talk by B.G. Schwartz, Vice President of Personnel, at Okoboji Conference, 1970 May
2 16 "Utilization of Women In The Management of the Bell System" a diagnosis and evaluation by the AT&T Personnel Relations, 1970 August [Designated for Chapter 2 of book.]
2 16 "Equal Employment Opportunity and Pacific Telephone," 1970 December 7 [Report on laws and regulations and authorities designated to enforce them.]
2 16 Illinois Bell Action Committee agenda for March meeting, undated [List of frequently called numbers includes Lois Kerkeslager.]
2 16 Information about Lois Kerkeslager's work at Bell Labs and events following her transfer to AT&T in New York, 1970 October 26 - 1985 October 28
2 17 List of scheduled dates for EEOC v. AT&T, 1971 February 22 - 1973 January 25
2 17 Memo from Lois Kerkeslager to membership of a caucus about the status of women in technical communications field, undated
2 17 Herr's handwritten notes about feminism and events surrounding the EEOC case, 1971 May - 1973 April
2 18 "How Well Are Women Represented in Your State Legislature" and "How Well Are Women Represented in Your State Legislature," 1971, 1981
2 18 Letter regarding "targeting" by EEOC, 1972 February 2
2 18 Catherine Cleary's name appears on AT&T Board list, 1972 April 19
2 18 "Belle Blu" apparel conforming to Bell standards, 1972 May [Document regarding garments designed for Bell women employees.]
2 18 "Answer Backs" from AT&T management in response to employees' questions, 1973-1992
2 18 Women on Bell System Board of Directors, 1973 April 1
2 18 Lois Herr's notes about conversations with those who supported equal rights, 1973 September 5 - 1974 January 22
Box Folder
3 1 "The Employees' Stake in Maintaining the Integrity of Provision of Telecommunications," 1974 February 4
3 1 Insurance bias and a retort by Twiss Butler, 1976-1996
3 1 Follow up on Title VII issue, 1978 April 3
3 1 "Blow to Affirmative Action," Black Enterprises, 1981 May [Article about the Supreme Court ruling that an employer does not need to give preferential treatment to minorities or women.]
3 1 Letter in answer to a request in Answer Back #7666, 1981 October 14
3 2 Information about Southwest Bell, 1988-1990
3 2 Records of the EEOC, box and folder list at National Archives, 1989 January 1
3 2 "The Writing Life," by Annie Dillard, 1989
3 2 Women's rights at Michigan Bell, "Cracking "glass ceiling' at Michigan Bell," Dallas Morning News, 1990 May 9
3 2 Women's Rights Committee at Northern Illinois Bell, 1994 December 1 - 1996 March
3 2 Graves Mountain Lodge, Syria VA, a "writer's paradise," 1996 August 16
3 3 Executive Order 11873 & 11246, President Lyndon B. Johnson, 1965 September 24
3 3 "A Selected Annotated Bibliography Women Executives," Business and Professional Women's Foundation, 1970
3 3 Bibliographic material, 1972
3 3 Karen Waters' bibliography, 1990 May 3
3 3 Resources from Lucy Benschop at NYNEX, 1990 November 21
3 3 Resource material from Edward A. Novak, III, 1993 April 29 - 1996 February 13
3 3 Internet resources, 1996 February 18
3 3 Schlesinger Library, Harvard University, 1996 September 11, 1997 February 20, 2001 July 10 - December 11
3 4 Reunion in Naperville Illinois, 1996 June 10 - July 18
3 4 Know, Inc., 1996 November 10
3 4 Ms. Herr's authorization to search NOW archives, 1996 November 13
3 4 Sources for research, 1996
3 4 Wish list for Books, 1998
3 5 "Why Women are so Invisible, Chart: The Gender Gulch," Business Week, 1997 August 25
3 5 "Broken Glass Watershed Generation of Women Executives Is Rising to the Top," Wall Street Journal, 1997 February 11
3 5 Trudy Bell, "The Decision to Divest: Incredible or Inevitable," 2000 June [Reprinted from IEEE Spectrum Online.]
3 5 Greaves Productions letter to Herr, 1999 July 22 [Letter transferring information on the EEOC hearings in Houston.]
3 5 "An Overview of the Characteristics of Women in Leadership Positions," by Joanne Bowman, The Union Institute, 1999
3 5 List of individuals and dates for interviewing them, as well as chapter number in the book where they appear, 1966 July 13 - 2000 December
3 5 New sources, 1997 May 23
3 5 "Creating a Historical Novel," 1997 September 15 [Sent from Ethel Herr (no relation).]
3 5 Resources from the National Archives, 1997, 2000, 2001
3 6 Resources from Northeastern University Press, 1998 March 26 - 2002
3 6 Resources from the AT&T Archives, 1998 July 10 - 19
3 7 "Enlightenment of the Army," 2000 March 29 [Article regarding women in the military.]
3 7 "Women Speak on Affirmative Action 2000," Women's Council of Women's Organizations, Issues & Projects, 2000
3 7 Feminist Expo 2000, at Baltimore Convention Center, 2000 March 31
3 7 "How to Start an Insurrection," from Ideas That Work, 2000 May 19
3 7 Resources from Library of Congress, Alexander Graham Bell Archives, undated
3 7 "Women Leading Business: A New Kind of Conversation," for managers, Harvard Business School, 2000 June 27
3 7 Handwritten extra large foolscap listing sources of information for Ms. Herr's book, undated
3 7 Information on organizations which might offer resources for research, undated [Addresses the American Bar Association, American Political Science Association, Business Women’s Network, Catalyst, Center for Education for Women, Center for Women’s Business Research, National Council of Women’s Organizations, U.S. Department of Labor Women’s Bureau, U.S. Women’s Chamber of Commerce, Wider Opportunities for Women, Women Leaders Initiative, Women Presidents’ Organization, Women Work (National Network for Women’s Employment), Women’s Enews, and Working Women.]
3 7 "Recent Development in Title VII Jurisprudence," 2000 December 5
3 8 "Advice for Women," 2001 February 28 [Humor about men.]
3 8 EEOC's summary of statistics for women's and minorities' equality of opportunity in 2001 at AT&T, 2001
3 8 Equal Rights Advocates 2000-2001 annual report, undated
3 8 "Progress or No Room at the Top, The Role of Women in Telecommunications, Broadcast, Cable and E-Companies," Annenberg Public Policy Center, 2001
3 8 Memo to Lois Herr, 2001 March 21 [Memo from Dana Mead regarding the International Institute of Social History and its Guide to Sources for Women’s History.]
3 8 "A Modest Manifesto For Shattering the Glass Ceiling," Harvard Business Review, 2001 February/April 29
3 8 "President Nixon's Bigotry," Chicago Tribune, 2001 June 3
3 8 Resources at University of Illinois at Chicago, 2001 July 24 - 25
3 8 Resources at New York University, 2001 August 20
3 8 Agreement from Chicago Sun-Times for permission to reprint an article, 2001 October 2
3 9 Research on biographies, 2001 August 23
3 9 "Recollections of John Rayburn, EEOC Employee" (1965-1984), undated
3 9 Notes for anticipating research, 2001 August 30
3 9 Academic contacts, 2001 October 7 - 2002 May 14
3 9 List of resources, 2001 December 18
3 10 Women's Studies, from the Education Index, 2002 January 12
3 10 "The Best and Worst States for Women in 2002," Institute of Women's Policy Research, undated
3 10 Review of Alice Kessler Harris's book In Pursuit of Equity: Women, Men and the Pursuit of Economic Citizenship in 20th Century America, 2002 January 18
3 10 "Women Lose Ground in Top Jobs, Pay," Wenews website, 2002 January 28
3 10 Call for contributions to the Encyclopedia of American Social Movement's chapter "The Women's Movement (19th & 20th Centuries)," 2002 January 30
3 10 Review of witnesses for AT&T during EEOC v. AT&T, including the testimony of each (reprinted), 2002 February 3
3 10 "Summary Notice of Proposed Settlement; Consent Decree and Fairness Hearing," Verizon & You, 2002 June
3 10 The Female CEO ca. 2002, from Fast Company, 2002 August
3 10 A review of Disciplining Feminism: From Social Activism to Academic Discourse, by Ellen Messer-Davidow, 2002 August 1
3 10 "Equal Opportunity, Affirmative Action," from AT&T-Employment, AT&T's Policy, 2000
3 10 Sex discrimination in schools, 2003 January 10
3 10 University of Michigan's response to White House announcement on affirmative action, 2003 February 1 [From University of Michigan’s website.]
B. Composing copy, 1967-1979, 1997-2003, undated
Scope and Content
Drafts and support information for the outline of the book.
Box Folder
3 11 Outline, 1997 June 5 - 2001 July 26
3 12 Publishing details, 2001 March 2 - 2002 June 27 [Includes Possible Publisher: The Feminist Press, 3/2/01. Request from Northeastern University for Ms. Herr’s final author response, 2/5/02 Brief discussion about deadlines, 7/27/02.]
3 12 Marketing guidelines, 2001 January 29 - 2002 February 6 [Includes “Marketing Guidelines for Authors” and “Marketing Questionnaire” from Northeastern University Press, correspondence about first drafts and rewrites, and an original signed contract with Northeastern University Press.]
3 13 Photographs: possibles, undated [Copies of photographs of people, news articles, transparencies that might be used in the book, sent to Elizabeth Swayze at Northeastern University Press.]
3 14 Photographs: requests for photos, 2001 July 30 - 2002 April 12, undated [Includes requests for photos to friends, company officials, lawyers and anyone else who might have been close to the EEOC case; photos of those at Corporate Policy Seminars at AT&T during meetings in 1978; and an Authority Chart for requesting permission, including identification of subject of photos, source, name of rights holder, date of request, and other pertinent information.]
3 15 Photographs: requests for permission to use, undated [Includes copies of photos of major players in EEOC v. AT&T., and copies of requests for permission to use them.]
3 15 Photographs: permission requests for photos in first draft, undated [Includes permission requests and copies of photos of EEOC participants in the court case, as well as copies of photos obtained from the files of AT&T. Also includes permission requests to Chicago papers, photos for the cover of the Book, additional requests to magazines and AT&T, and proposed final photos sent by Herr to Northeastern University Press.]
Box Folder
4 1 Indexing issues, 2002 April 15 - October 7 [Correspondence requesting clarification of selected terms and events, including a proposed copy of the index.]
4 2 Reviews and comments of the book, 1996 July 19 - 2005 May [Comments from media on a prepublication draft, also from those with whom Herr had arranged previews, including James Armstrong.]
4 3 Reviews and comments of the book, 2001 January 11 - January 22 [Book preview sent to Catherine on January 11 2001, Ed Mahler on January 21 2001, and Catherine Cleary on January 22 2001.]
4 4 Reviews and comments of the book, 2001 February 9 - October 15 [Comments from colleagues and selected readers on prepublication draft.]
4 5 Preface & chapter 1, 1967 November 3 - 1970 December 12 [Includes “Guidelines for Authors Preparing Final Manuscript,” from Northeastern University Press/Records included in this folder include early information leading up to the Petition for Intervention in 1970, including memos at AT&T referring to taking action to deny “charge;” the origin of the term “unique competency;” lists of charges against Southern Bell, Southwest Bell, and Pacific T&T; a letter from FCC to AT&T regarding EEOC’s charges; culminating with articles from the New York Times and Washington Star reporting AT&T’s request for higher telephone rates and the company’s outrage upon hearing the charges of discrimination at the three subsidiaries.]
4 6 Chapters 2-8, 1970 June 5 - 1972 December 2 [Records for Chapter 2 include one document, AT&T News, June 5, 1970 reporting acover depicting women marching with placards, and articles entitled: “Weaker Sex Coming on Strong,” “Both Sides Give Their Views.”Information to be used in Chapter 3 include an article from Working Woman, by Carol Kleiman , indicating which states have anti-discrimination laws protecting women; and a draft of a mission statement for a group of women in the Bell System who wanted to enhance the status of women as equals to men.Notes for Chapter 6 include a letter from Lois Herr to Congresswoman Eleanor Holmes Norton, undated, to discuss the EEOC case. A draft of Chapter 6, “No Place To Hide” was attached to the letter. Additional documents regarding Chapter 6 include: draft of a letter about bigotry against African-Americans, experimental child care facilities at Bell, and an Urban Research Corporation Presentation on cooperating with feminist groups.One document appears for Chapter 7: a statement reported from an interview with David Copus.The file for inclusions in Chapter 8 include information about NOW’s opinions about Michigan Bell’s Affirmative Action Program; a letter from Robert Lilley, president of AT&T agreeing to meet with NOW; NOW’s various activities in 1972; a letter from lawyers representing NAACP et al. regarding the shortcomings of the agreement on 9/19/1972 between the Federal GSA and AT&T, and NOW’s demand for $500 million in back pay.]
4 7 Chapter 9, 1972 December 4 - 1979 April 27 [Includes an explanation of the Women’s Alliance at AT&T. Events documented in Chapter 9 include a press release reporting a presentation of a bill to AT&T by Wilma Scott Heide for $4 billion as back pay for women at AT&T.]
4 7 Settlement details, reactions from NOW and AT&T, 1973 January 18 - 30 [Includes articles “How Women Can Take Advantage of the AT&T Settlement” and “Mr. deButts: Far Reaching EEOC Agreement ‘Will Make Us a Stronger Business,'" post settlement documents , newspaper articles about women getting equal rights, and NOW’s Compliance Task Force.]
4 7 Memorandum of agreement, 1973 April 11
4 7 Copy of a manuscript, "What Is a Feminist?" by Wilma Scott Heide, undated
4 7 Letter from Heide to Lilley, 1974 January 30 [Letter requesting AT&T’s help to support PBS programming to enhance awareness of NOW’s mission and that of AT&T regarding equal employment opportunity.]
4 7 "The Last Word," by Robert Lilley before the National Press Club, 1974 January 30
4 7 "Impact of the AT&T EEOC Consent Decree," The Wharton School, University of Pennsylvania, 1979
4 7 Memo regarding a meeting of reps from women's groups at Bell Labs with F.E.Wetzel, EEOC rep, 1979 April 27
4 7 Draft of chapter 9, "Closing the Deal," undated
4 8 Inclusions for chapter 10, 1975 March 12 - 2001 February 2 [Includes "Interim Report on Consent Decree," dated March 12, 1975; “Perspective on Indian Hill Affirmative Action Meetings,” from Bell Labs, dated August 12 1977; “AT&T Update: Effects of Affirmative Action,” by Sally Hacker, former NOW Coordinator for AT&T activities, “Interim Report on Consent Decree,” dated February 22, 1979 to November 11, 1979; data on “Men and Women at Third Level and Above (excluding professionals) from Answerback: “Changing Corporate Attitudes,” from The Exchange, July 1987, New York Telephone; “Women in the Telecom Workplace,” from Telephony, “Pressure Builds For Retreat On Affirmative Action,” from the Reference Shelf, by H.W. Wilson Company, 1996; "Questions Posed after 30 Years."Also includes a draft of a portion of Chapter 10 and an outline for a possible Chapter 11.]
4 9 Page proofs and blurbs contributed by colleagues, 2002 August 5 - October 3, undated
4 10 Portion of manuscript rewrite, undated
4 12 Manuscript through chapter 5, 2001 February 21
4 12 Completed, marked up manuscript, 2001 July
4 13 Completed, marked up manuscript, 2001 July
4 14 "Marketing Guidelines For Authors," Northeastern University Press, undated
4 14 Final printing and cover, 2003 [Final printing and cover for Women, Power, and AT&T Winning Rights in the Workplace, by Lois K. Herr, Northeastern University Press, Boston MA, 2003]
C. Reactions, 2001-2004
Box Folder
4 15 Hagley Museum and Library interactions with Lois Herr, 2001-2002
4 16 E-mails, book reviews, book signings, and speaking engagements, 2001 August 4, 2002 September 20 - 2003 January 31
4 17 E-mails, book reviews, book signings, and speaking engagements, 2003 February 2 - May 23
4 18 E-mails, book reviews, book signings, and speaking engagements, 2003 June 6 - 2004 October 29
D. People, undated
Scope and Content
Information about people mentioned in the book (Folders 1-14) and those who played a part in the feminist movement, but not included in the book (Folders 15-18)
Box Folder
5 1 A-Br, undated
5 2 Bu-Co, undated
5 3 Da-E, undated
5 4 F-G, undated
5 5 Ha-He, undated
5 6 Herr-Hu, undated
5 7 J-Ki, undated
5 8 Ko, undated
5 9 Le-Li, undated
5 10 Lo-M, undated
5 11 N-R, undated
5 12 Sa, undated
5 13 Sc-Sp, undated
5 14 U-W, undated
5 15 A-D, undated
5 16 E-J, undated
5 17 K-R, undated
5 18 S-W, undated
Box Folder
6 1 Composite lists of the players during "The Movement," undated [Includes notes on: Attorneys General, 1961-2001; Solicitors General 1954-1981; AT&T Business Executives; Bell Actions; Biographical Sketches; Hewlett-Packard Business Executives Carly Fiorina and Lewis Platt; Women In Business; Additional People in the Movement]
E. Equal rights for women, undated
Arrangement
Arranged alphabetically
Box Folder
6 2 A-C, undated [Notes on Affirmative Action; AT&T; American Women: Gateway to Library of Congress Resources; America’s Child Care Problem; Beloit College: Profile of Incoming Class; Black Issues In Higher Education; Calendar of Events for Women; Chicago Reporter Archives; Committee of 200; Conferences; Conversation Begins: Mother & Daughters Talk About Living; Feminism; Corporate Women of AT&T.]
6 3 D-H, undated [Includes notes on Diversity; Education; Engineers; Family Life; Farrell, Warren; Gender, Race & Class in American TV sitcoms; Gender Studies; Golf for Women; Group Support; History]
6 4 I-V, undated [Includes notes on Institute for Women’s Policy; the Internet; Management; Market Maker Research Report; Market Maker Field Research; National Conference of Women’s Organizations; New York Telephone; One Casualty of the Women’s Movement: Feminism; Pay for Women; Primavera 2002: Women’s and Gender Studies Conference; Proposal for a Book; Reunions; Strategies for Raising Numbers of Women Scientists in Academe; Telecommunications Book Reviews; Title IX: The Story of Title IX; Unions (notes); UN Women Watch; Veteran Feminists of America.]
6 5 W, undated [Includes notes on Wal-Mart; Where Have All the Women Gone? Women Power; Women’s Action Alliance; Women’s Academe and the Men Who Derail Them; Women In Corporate America; Women at CBS; Women’s Engineers Are Few; Women at Merrill Lynch; Women at Newsweek; Why Women Still Don’t Hit the Top; Women’s E-News; Women In Print; Women Take Strides Along Path to Power; Writing.]
F. News clippings, 1973-2003
Box Folder
6 6 News clippings, 1973 February 8 - 2000 August 28
6 7 News clippings, 2002 January 13 - 2003 September 1
G. Printed materials, 1969-2003
Box Folder
6 8 AT&T annual and shareholder reports, 1971-1972, 1974, 1977-1978, 1983 ,1984, 1999, 2000, 2001
6 9 Bell Atlantic annual reports, 1985, 1988
6 9 Bell Labs annual report, 1981
6 9 Bell South annual reports, 1984, 2000, 2002
6 9 Bell South shareholders and proxy statement, 2001
6 10 Lucent annual report, 2000
6 10 Lucent annual report & proxy statement, 2001
6 10 Lucent proxy statement, 2002
6 10 NYNEX annual reports, 1985, 1988, 1990
6 11 Southwest Bell Corporation (SBC) annual report, 1999, 2001
6 11 Southwest Bell Corporation (SBC) 1st and 3rd quarter report, 2000
6 11 Southwest Bell Corporation (SBC) proxy statement, 2001
6 11 Verizon annual reports, 2000, 2001
6 12 Miscellaneous reports, 1969-1971 [Includes the reports:“Free Space a perspective on the small group in women’s liberation” April 19 1969 “The World of the White Child in a Segregated Society” 1969. “U.S. Riot Commission Report, Report of the National Advisory Commission on Civil Disorders” “Women’s Rights” unidentified autho “Women’s Liberation” unidentified author. “Institutional Racism in America: A Primer” “Women in Society and 50th Anniversary of Women’s Right to Vote” 1970 UAW Resolutions. “”Women’s Department Report 1970 Constitutional Convention” UAW. “Profile of Business and Professional Women” 1970 “Women in 1970” “The Dual Profession Family” 1971]
6 13 Miscellaneous reports, 1972-2002 [Includes the reports:“Business Implications of Equal Rights for Women,” General Electric, 1972. “The Gamesman: The New Corporate Leaders,” January 15 1978. “Health-Appearance-Personality General Health Course for Women of the Bell System.” “The History of the Position of Women in Society,” The Great Ideas Program. “ERA and Ethnic Minority Women,” September 1980. “Women As Risk Taker,” 1985. “Progress or No Room at the Top, the Role of Women in Telecommunications,” 2001. Meeting notice and proxy statement for shareholders meeting of John Hancock, April 2002.]
6 14 Pamphlets to reshape policy, 1972-1981 [Includes the pamphlets:“The Future of American Democracy,” Hans Morgenthau, CUNY, January 1972 “The Use of Social Science in Business Management, “Paul Lazarsfeld, Columbia University, April 19 1970. “Current Activities from a Regulator’s Point of View,” FCC, June 1970. “An Outsider Looks at the Bell System,” Peter Drucker, NYU, September 1970. “One Thing about the Population Problem. You don’t have to get out of Bed to fight it,” Planned Parenthood, December 1971 “Together We Serve,” John deButts, AT&T, October 1972. “Stand Tall,” John deButts, AT&T, September 1972. “Is It In the Public Interest? Is It Really?” John deButts AT&T, November 141972. “A Discussion of Marketing Functions in Telecommunications Under Conditions of Growing Competition,” S.E. Bonsack, AT&T, April 1973. “An Unusual Obligation,” John deButts, AT&T, September 1973. “The Next Hundred Years,” John deButts, AT&T, September 1975. “A Commitment to Help,” William Ellinghaus, AT&T, August 1976. “Business—No Mean Calling,” John deButts, AT&T, October 1976. “The Voice of the Consumer,” John deButts, AT&T, October 1976. “Some Thoughts On Regulation,” John deButts, AT&T, January 1977. “A Statement of Policy,” C.L. Brown, AT&T, 1981.]
Box Folder
7 1 Magazines containing feminist issues, 1969 May 6 - 1971 August 15 [Includes the articles:“Picturephone,” Bell Labs, May June, 1969. “Restoring Rationality to a Tumultuous World,” Bell Telephone Magazine, July/August 1969. “Woman” in art & literature, unidentified magazine=. “Women Against Men, A Special Issue,” Atlantic Magazine, March 1970. “The Hub,” switchmen in a central office, New Jersey Bell, September/October issue 1971. “Needed Now: A New Image for American Women,” Chicago Tribune, August 15 1971.]
7 2 Magazines containing feminist issues, 1972 March 20 - 1973 November 15 [Includes the articles:“Special Issue, The American Woman,” Time, March 20, 1972. “Racism –Is It Alive and Well in America,” Bell Telephone Magazine, March/April, 1972. “Child Care and the Bell System,” Bell Telephone Magazine, May/June, 1972. “Women in Management,” Bell Telephone Magazine, July/August, 1972. “Adopting a Child Takes Guts and Determination,” AT&T News, September 22, 1972. This Issue Is About Women,” Esquire: The Magazine for Men, July, 1973. “Women’s Action Alliance Breaks New Ground in Child Care,” The Spokeswoman, November 15, 1973. “Women and Labor Join Forces,” The Spokeswoman, January 15, 1974]
7 3 Magazines containing feminist issues, 1974 March 19 - 1996 February [Includes the articles and magazines:“Heroes Drive Trucks and Sit at Switchboards,” Topics, New England Telephone, March/April, 1974. “The Corporation in the Matter of Social Responsibility,” Bell Telephone Magazine, Winter/ 1977. Bell Telephone Magazine, 1983 No.1. Bell Telephone Magazine, 1983 No. 2. "Your Monthly Guide to Getting Published," Writer’s Digest, August, 1990. “1996 Salary Survey,” Working Woman, February, 1996.]
7 4 Magazines containing feminist issues, 2002-2003 [Includes:National Association for Female Executives 1997 Membership Directory. “The Best of 30 Years,” Ms., Spring 2002. “Let’s Talk about Sex,” Salary ranges by years in advancement; and by supervisory level, CURRENTS, July/August 2002. ”Not So Simply Gloria,” Outlook, Fall/Winter 2002. “Female Researchers Offer Lessons,” Marketing News, February 3 2003. Harrisburg Magazine, May 2003. Magazine citations on index cards by Lois Herr.]
7 5 Guides to institutions/associations, 1968-1975 [Guides include: How to File A Complaint Against Unlawful Job Discrimination, 1968. A Selected Annotated Bibliography, Working Mothers, 1968. Women’s Heritage Calendar and Almanac Publications of the Women’s Bureau, 1971. For Full and Permanent Equality…The Equal Rights Amendment, 1971. United States Government Manual, 1974-1975.]
7 6 Guides to institutions/associations, 1997-2003 [Guides include:Working Papers and other publications, Wesley College Center for Research on Women, Fall 1990. Women’s Studies, Northeastern University Press New Books, Northeastern University Press, 1997, 1998, 2002. bp Archive, 2001. Hagley Museum and Library Research Collections University City Philadelphia, Visitor’s Guide. AAUW Shop, 2002. WICT Forum, Creating Successful Leaders, 2003.]
III. Equal rights, 1907-1936, 1965-2004, undated
Scope and Content
Files in this series include additional copies of newspaper articles, magazine essays, reports and Lois Herr’s personal files pertinent to the cause of equal rights for women and minorities. Much of the materials in Series III might seem redundant to items in Series I and Series II. However, given the abundance of such a broad variety of opinions in print devoted to the issue of equal opportunity, the materials in Series III explain the nature of change in women’s rights in the work place during the period leading up to and crossing into the 21st century.
A. Personal files, 1971-2004, undated
Box Folder
7 7 Personal notes on work and feminism, 1971-1973
7 8 Rolodex and index cards addresses, undated
7 9 Miscellaneous personal records, 1971-2003 [Includes an announcement about a reception for Lois Herr on her transfer from Bell Labs to AT&T, article from The New York Times regarding the Metropolitan Opera’s salute to Rudolf Bing, an invitation to the retirement reception for H.I. Romnes, Chairman of AT&T, letterhead, and the Walt Disney Company 2003 annual report.]
B. Minority rights, 1907-1936, 1965-1977, 1979-2004
Box Folder
8 1 Folder 1, 1907-1936
8 2 Folder 2, 1965-1969
8 3 Folder 3, 1968
8 3a Folder 3a, 1970
8 4 Folder 4, 1971 April 15 - August 28
8 5 Folder 5, 1971 September 1 - December
8 6 Folder 6, 1972 January - April 5
8 7 Folder 7, 1972 April - December
8 8 Folder 8, 1973 January 4 - April 24
8 9 Folder 9, 1973 May 8 - May 30, 1973 December 23
8 10 Folder 10, 1974
8 11 Folder 11, 1975-1977
8 12 Folder 12, 1979
8 13 Folder 13, 1980-2004
IV. Artifacts, undated
Scope and Content
The few items in this series were used to publicize the feminist movement, including buttons from the AT&T Women’s Alliance, a plastic shopping bag and stickers, and a tin of coal presented to each AT&T company president on January 3, 1972 as a holiday gift to the executives at the sexist company.
Box
8 Sample tin of coal, a Christmas gift to AT&T during the EEOC hearings, undated
Box
8 Two rally buttons supporting the feminist movement, undated
Box
8 Decals depicting the symbol for woman, and the caption "the right to be a PERSON," undated
Box
8 A plastic shopping bag with the caption "GUTSY WOMEN TRAVEL," undated