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Hendrick Manufacturing Company records
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Hendrick Manufacturing Company records

Accession 2409

Manuscripts and Archives Department, Hagley Museum and Library


PO Box 3630
Wilmington, Delaware, 19807
302-658-2400
research@hagley.org

Finding aid prepared by Jason Sylvestre, September 2009, 1861-1980, bulk 1870-1920

This finding aid was produced using the Archivists' Toolkit 2013-03-26T09:56-0400

Finding aid prepared using best local practices and Describing Archives: A Content Standard

Cite items for this collection in the following format:
[Description and dates], Box/folder number, Hendrick Manufacturing Company records (Accession 2409), Hagley Museum and Library, Wilmington, DE 19807

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Descriptive Summary

Title: Hendrick Manufacturing Company records
Dates: 1861-1980, bulk 1870-1920
Accession Number: 2409
Creator: Hendrick Manufacturing Company
Extent: 3 linear feet
Language of Material: English
Language of Material: English, Italian, French, Spanish
Repository: Hagley Museum and Library: Manuscripts and Archives Department
Abstract: Eli Emery Hendrick (1832-1909), an inventor and entrepreneur, founded the Hendrick Manufacturing Company in 1885. The company developed a wide array of punched or perforated sheet metal and steel products, including screens used in refining oil and sizing coal and grated metal walkways for sewers and ships. This collection, assembled by the last family president of the Hendrick Manufacturing Company, documents both the history of the company and E. E. Hendrick's career as a businessman and inventor.
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Administrative Information


Provenance

Gift of Benjamin G. Dann, Jr.

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Biographical Note

Eli Emory Hendrick, an inventor and entrepreneur, was born on May 9, 1832, at Plymouth, Mich., and trained as a wood turner. By 1861, he was living at Franklin in the Pennsylvania Oil Region and experimenting with the manufacture of lubricating oils. As conditions at Franklin were highly competitive, Hendrick decided to build a small refinery close to a point of consumption. In the early 1860s, he moved to Carbondale in the anthracite coal fields of northeastern Pennsylvania where the gravity railroads and mines of the Delaware & Hudson Canal Co. and the Pennsylvania Coal Co. proved to be good customers. Hendrick's oil quickly became a favorite lubricant and production quickly increased to more than 800 barrels per day. Hendrick also produced Galena Signal Oil, a kerosene oil for use in locomotive headlights and railroad signal lamps.

In 1879, Hendrick sold part of his refining business to the Standard Oil Company and signed a ten-year management and consulting contract with them. This contract allowed Hendrick to develop other businesses. In 1876, he had begun manufacturing punched metal screens at Carbondale. This business was organized as the Hendrick Manufacturing Company in 1885, first as a limited partnership and in 1901 as a family-owned corporation. The company developed a wide array of punched or perforated sheet metal and steel products, including screens used in refining oil and sizing coal and grated metal walkways for sewers and ships. In addition to running the Hendrick Manufacturing Company, Eli Hendrick continued to invent and experiment. Throughout the late 19th century, Hendrick patented a number of processes including drying gunpowder, refrigeration, and recovering paraffin. Hendrick supported many local Pennsylvania businesses and was an early investor in the Klots Throwing Company. In 1893, Hendrick was elected Mayor of Carbondale and served a single term. In his later years, Hendrick also engaged in large-scale farming and fruit growing in southern California and invested in cold storage warehouses in Los Angeles. Hendrick died at Carbondale on October 25, 1909.

By the end of World War II, the Hendrick Manufacturing Company was the nation's largest manufacturer of perforated screens. The company remained in the hands of Hendrick's descendants until the 1980s, when it was sold. Like many specialty companies, it has continued to prosper by adapting to a changing customer base, producing decorative and architectural perforated metals as well as its traditional industrial products.

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Scope and Content

This collection documents both the history of the company and E.E. Hendrick's career as a businessman and inventor. Orders for oil, stockholder notes, plant blueprints, insurance appraisals, letter books and issues of the employee magazine are included as well as Hendrick's patents for lubricating oil, refrigeration, metal perforation and sheet metal fabrication. The colletion also includes minutes of the Hendrick Manufacturing Company as a limited partnership (1885-1901) and of the Hendrick Light and Power Co. Of particular note is a 1913 report on work practices at the company's factory by efficiency engineers Miller, Franklin & Company.

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Arrangement

The collection was assembled by the last family president of the Hendrick Manufacturing Company.

Arranged alphabetically by file title.

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Access Points

Hendrick Light and Power Co.
Hendrick, E.E. (Eli Emery), 1832-1909
Industrial efficiency.
Inventors.
Los Angeles Ice & Cold Storage Co.
Lubricating oils.
Lubrication and lubricants industry--Pennsylvania.
Machine shops--Pennsylvania.
Manufacturing industries--Pennsylvania--Carbondale.
Miller, Franklin & Company.
Mitchell-Tappen Company.
Patents.
Perforated metal sheets.
Refrigeration and refrigerating machinery.
White Manufacturing Company.
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Series Descriptions and Inventory

Box
1 Coal Business, 1870-1881
Box
1 Contracts and Leases, 1874-1951
Box
1 Correspondence, 1903-1968
Box
1 Employee Newsletters, 1944-1951
Box
1 History
Box
1 Los Angeles Ice & Cold Storage Company, 1894-1928
Box
1 Lubricating Oil Business, 1832-1901
Box
1 Machinery List, 1949-1985
Box
1 Mitco Steel Grating, 1924-1945
Box
1 Navy "E" Award, 1943
Box
1 Notebook
Box
1 Orders and Receipts, 1862-1980
Box
1 Patents: Auxiliary table, 1869-1872
Box
1 Patents: Bearings, 1903-1907
Box
1 Patents: Eddy Flow, 1972
Box
1 Patents: Elevator Safety, 1987-1898
Box
1 Patents: Drying Gunpowder, 1867
Box
1 Patents: Leather, 1868
Box
1 Patents: Needles, 1870
Box
1 Patents: Oil Tanks, 1866-1881
Box
1 Patents: Paraffin Recovery, 1884
Box
1 Patents: Pipe fitting, 1869-1889
Box
1 Patents: Pumps, 1901-1903
Box
1 Patents: Refrigeration, 1881-1888
Box
1 Patents: Screen Presses, 1884-1901
Box
1 Patents: Shaft Couplings, 1901
Box
1 Patents: Sheet-metal vessels, 1874-1888
Box
1 Perforated Steel, 1924
Box
1 Plant Expansion, 1921
Box
1 Shaking Screen Tests, 1936-1939
Box
1 Stockholder Reports, 1969-1979
Box
1 Taxes, 1892-1895
Box
1 White Manufacturing Co.: Agreements, 1880-1889
Box
1 White Manufacturing Co.: Annual Meetings, 1884-1895
Box
1 White Manufacturing Co.: Legal Correspondence, 1870-1897
Box
1 White Manufacturing Co.: Patent Assignments
Box
1 White Manufacturing Co.: Receipts
Box
2 Letterbooks, 1903-1925
Box
3 B.G. Dann collection of E.E. Hendrick's History, 1872-1951
Box
3 Miscellaneous, 1863-1995
Box
3 Selected Employee Biographies advertisement
Box
4 Efficiency Study, 1913
Box
4 Minute books: Hendrick Light & Power Co., 1904-1905
Box
4 Minute books: Hendrick Manufacturing Co., Ltd., 1885-1901
Box
4 Plant Appraisal, 1915-1917