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Henry Hemmendinger papers
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Henry Hemmendinger papers

Accession 2325

Manuscripts and Archives Department, Hagley Museum and Library


PO Box 3630
Wilmington, Delaware, 19807
302-658-2400
askhagley@hagley.org

Finding aid prepared by Jason Sylvestre, 2006.

This finding aid was produced using the Archivists' Toolkit 2018-04-06T07:48-0400

Finding aid prepared using best local practices and Describing Archives: A Content Standard

Cite items for this collection in the following format:
[Description and dates], Box/folder number, Henry Hemmendinger papers (Accession 2325), Hagley Museum and Library, Wilmington, DE 19807

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Descriptive Summary

Title: Henry Hemmendinger papers
Dates: 1931-2000, bulk 1960-1985
Accession Number: 2325
Creator: Wilson, John, 1785-1854
Extent: 7 linear feet
Language of Material: English
Repository: Hagley Museum and Library: Manuscripts and Archives Department
Abstract: Henry Hemmendinger was one of the preeminent color scientists of his day. Hemmendinger's papers represent the span of his career and includes contributions from a variety of individuals and organizations working the field of color science.
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Administrative Information


Provenance

Gift of Mark and David Hemmendinger

Access Restrictions

Some records closed for 25 years from date of creation.

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Historical Note

Henry Hemmendinger was one of the preeminent color scientists of his day. He was born April 1, 1915, he worked nearly 50 years until his death in 2003.

Hemmendinger attended Harvard University where he earned his Bachelor's and Master's degrees in 1935 and 1937 respectively. In 1939 he was awarded a Ph. D. from Princeton University in astronomy. As a color scientist, he was widely recognized by his peers. He earned numerous awards and honors, including the prestigious Godlove Award from the Inter-Society Color Council. He was awarded an honorary membership on the Council. Hemmendinger worked closely with the National Bureau of Standards to find and set precise standards for industrial colorists. For many years he was the only American supplier of calibrated color materials used to evaluate the performance of color-measurement instruments. He was so influential in the standards world, that he was often consulted regarding high-level appointments within the NBS.

In addition to focusing on good standards and practice, Hemmendinger worked at quantifying performance errors in colorimetry, whether gathered by human observers or photometric equipment. He became an expert on metamerism, a breakdown in color match by changing either the illuminant or the observer. This expertise is reflected in his life's work.

Like so many others of his generation, Hemmendinger went to work to aid the war effort during World War II. He was a member of an operations research group in the Navy. As part of this research group he worked on pro-submarine warfare. While working for the Navy, Hemmendinger met his future partner, Hugh Davidson. Immediately following the conclusion of the war the two joined General Aniline & Film Corp. Initially the pair worked in general physics until becoming interested in color after working with I. H. Godlove. At GAF Davidson and Hemmendinger demonstrated the type of invention and innovation that would later make them giants in their field. They developed the Automatic Tristimulus Integrator, a device that provided the first means of rapidly obtaining XYZ values. XYZ values are essentially values given to observations of the color spectrum.

In 1952 Hemmendinger partnered with Hugh Davidson and created Davidson & Hemmendinger (D&H). As partners, Davidson and Hemmendinger contributed important technological advancements to the field of color science. Reflecting on their work, Henry said, "My collaboration with Hugh Davidson...was dominated by our æbeing there at the beginning." Using technologies developed during their Navy days the duo developed COMIC, a colorant-mixture analog computer, first introduced in 1958. In a time before digital technology it represented the first successful color matching system. Davidson and Hemmendinger would later introduce a digital version known as COMIC II in 1967. COMIC's development earned Davidson and Hemmendinger The Henry E. Millson Award for Invention in 1988. As partners, Davidson and Hemmendinger evaluated colors for the Munsell Book of Color. They examined the curve shapes for candidate colors in order to ensure good color constancy under different illuminations. Their largest contribution to the Munsell book was to embody the Munsell system in glossy paint. Current embodiments of the Munsell Color system are nowhere near as color-constant as the contribution from D&H. It is a testament to Hemmendinger's quest for good practice and standard that his work with Hugh Davidson stands as the color-constant decades later. The final major contribution of D&H to the field was the D&H Color Rule. It is a device to gage the extent of observer metamerism and is still viewed as indispensable in teaching the principles of observer metamerism.

Davidson and Hemmendinger, along with other giants of the color science world shared their work through conferences and courses. Hemmendinger was involved in lecturing and teaching color courses for almost 20 years. He gave courses at universities and to major companies, including Ford and Pfizer and his interest in industrial standards led him to hold numerous courses and lectures for both of these companies.

Shortly after developing COMIC II in 1967, D&H was sold to Kollmorgen and was combined with Macbeth Instrument Development Laboratories. Hemmendinger opted not to stay with Kollmorgen and in 1970 he formed his own consulting firm, the Hemmendinger Color Laboratory (HCL). Here he continued his dedication to standards, choosing to focus here on the distribution of colorimetric and spectrophotometric standards. Like his previous work, Hemmendinger sought to test instrument calibration, using metameric pairs to assess instrument performance. Davidson stayed with Kollmorgen until 1972 when he formed Davidson Colleagues. He spent the rest of his career working to develop color-matching software for the growing computer industry

In the field of color science, Henry Hemmendinger was an innovator, collaborator, and teacher. Throughout his career he made extremely important contributions to the field. In a time before digital computers, Hemmendinger and Hugh Davidson found a way to effectively and accurately mix color. Hemmendinger never stopped working the field of color science. He was corresponding and publishing papers as late as 2000. He died in his Princeton, NJ home August 16, 2003 at the age of 88.

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Scope and Content

The Henry Hemmendinger papers representing the span of his career and includes contributions from a variety of individuals and organizations working the field of color science. The collection follows Henry's work to create color standards, teach others about color science, and demonstrates his position as an innovator and inventor in the field.

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Arrangement

Every effort was made to preserve Henry Hemmendinger's filing system. In general records that were filed together remain intact, but the lack of a comprehensive filing system necessitated the creation of functional organizational categories in order to gain intellectual control over a diverse body of material. The collection includes a large amount of correspondence spread over many series and subseries; it is all arranged in descending chronological order.

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Series Descriptions and Inventory

I. Organizations and Committees
2.0 linear feet
A. National Bureau of Standards
Scope and Content
Contains correspondence, NBS publications and NBS data sets. The NBS data sets contain graphs, charts and plots. The generic term data set is used because of the difficulty discerning data. Where data sets can be separated it is noted in the finding aid.
Box
1 Correspondence, 1954-1979
1 Special NBS Publications
1 Table 3. "Standard Reference Materials for Spectrophotometry Provided by the National Bureau of Standards,"
1 "Testing by the National Bureau of Standards: Policy, General Information, Fee Schedules", NBS Circular 483, December 1949
1 "Test Fee Schedules of the National Bureau of Standards" Reprinted from the "Federal Register", Vol. 20, No. 23, February 1955
1 Kelly, Kenneth J., "Observer Differences in Color-Mixture Functions Studied by Means of a Pair of Metameric Grays" , Vol. 60, No. 2, February 1958
1 "Test Fee Schedules of the National Bureau of Standards: Metrology", Reprinted from the Federal Register, Vol. 27, No. 143, July 1962
1 Davidson and Hemmendinger "NBS Test Report on the Spectral Transmittance of Three Glass Filters", NBS, 1964
1 "NBS Report of Calibration for the Near Infrared Spectral Directional Reflectance of a Vitrolite Working Standard, V6-G63", NBS, August 1968
1 Cali, J. Paul, "NBS Certificate: Standard Reference Materials 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004: Aluminum on Glass," April 1971
1 Venable Jr., William H., "The National System for Spectrophotometry," November 1977
1 "Calibration and Related Measurement Services of the National Bureau of Standards: Fees for Services", NBS Special Publication 250, June 1980
1 "Standard Reference Materials," 1980
1 Nicodemus, Fred E., "The NBS Self-Study Manual on Optical Radiation Measurements," April 1982
1 Nicodemus, Fred E., "The NBS Self-Study Manual on Optical Radiation Measurements: Updating Annotations as Of February 1983" , Vol. 344 Infrared Sensor Technology, May 1983
1 Eckerle, Kenneth L., Jack Hsia, and Victor Weidner, "Transmittance MAP Service", NBS Special Publication 692, March 1985
1 Eckerle, K. L, and W. H. Venable Jr., "Didymium Glass Filters For Calibrating the Wavelength Scale of Spectrophotometers: SRM 2009, 2010, 2013, and 2014," ; 2 drafts, one with corrections
1 Billmeyer, Fred, "A National Standardization Program for Spectrophotometry,"
1 Gibson, Kasson S., and Harry J. Keegan, "Calibration and Operation of the General Electric Recording Spectrophotometer of the National Bureau of Standards", JOSA, Vol. 28, October 1938
1 Keegan, Harry J., John Schleter, and Deane B. Judd, "Glass Filters For Checking Performance of Spectrophotometer-Integrator Systems of Color Measurement", Journal of Research of The NBS, Vol. 66A, No. 3, May-June 1962
1 Keegan, Harry J., John C. Schleter, and Marion A. Belknap, "Calibration of the NBS Glass Standards of Spectral Transmittance", Journal of Research of the NBS, Vol. 67A, No. 6, November-December 1963
1 Wernimont, Grant "Evaluating Laboratory Performance of Spectrophotometers," May 1967
1 Mavrodineanu, R. and J. R. Baldwin, "Standard Reference Material 930: Glass Filters for Spectrophotometry", NBS, February 1971
1 Eckerle, K. L, and W. H. Venable Jr., "1976 Remeasurement of NBS Spectrophotometer-Integrator Filters", Reprinted from , Vol.2, No. 3, Fall 1977
1 NBS Data Sets [ADTA Master Set 1-A; Sequence of NBS Tables: Master Set #3; NBS Filter 2101 NBS Filter 2102 NBS Filter 2103 NBS Filter 2104 NBS Filter 2105]
B. National Physical Laboratory, 1996, 1972-1968
Scope and Content
Contains correspondence between NPL members and Henry Hemmendinger and a few reports and publications from the NPL.
Box
1 Correspondence, 1996, 1972-1968
1 "Ceramic Colour Standards Calibrated at the National Physical Laboratory", Information and Quotation Leaflet Ref. MC 1/7/1, 1968
1 Clarke, F. J. J. and P. R. Samways, "The Spectrophotometric Properties of a Selection of Ceramic Tiles", National Physical Laboratory, Report No. MC2, August 1968
1 "Measurement Services: Colorimetry, Spectrophotometry, Photometry and Radiometry" NPL, 1971
1 Clarke, F. J. J., F. A. Garforth and D. Parry, "Goniophotometric And Polarization Properties of the Common White Reflection Standards", NPL Report Mom 13, September 1975
1 Verrill, J. F., P. J. Clarke, J. O'Halloran and P. C. Knee, "NPL Spectrophotometry and Colorimetry Club: Intercomparison of Colour Measurements", NPL Report QU 113, June 1995
C. National Research Council, 1983-1965
Scope and Content
Contains correspondence with the NRC, invoices for color samples from the NRC and a publication about standards in spectrophotometry.
Box
1 Correspondence, 1983-1965
1 Invoices
1 Roberston, Alan, "Use of Diagnostic Standards in Visible-Range Spectrophotometry" CORM Paper, May 1982
D. Illuminating Engineering Research Institute, 1979
Scope and Content
Contains correspondence with IERI and progress reports on IERI studies and investigations.
Box
1 Correspondence, 1979
1 "A Review of Institute Findings" Effective Seeing in an Era of Energy Conservation" IERI, 1962
1 "Progress Report: A Periodic Update on Lighting Research Advances made by University-Based IERI Investigators" Report No. 2, November 1976
1 "Progress Report: A Periodic Update on Lighting Research Advances made by University-Based IERI Investigators" Report No. 3, December 1976
1 "Progress Report: A Periodic Update on Lighting Research Advances made by University-Based IERI Investigators" Report No. 4, January 1977
1 "Progress Report: A Periodic Update on Lighting Research Advances made by University-Based IERI Investigators" Report No. 5, February 1977
1 "Progress Report: A Periodic Update on Lighting Research Advances made by University-Based IERI Investigators" Report No. 6, February 1977
1 "Progress Report: A Periodic Update on Lighting Research Advances made by University-Based IERI Investigators" Report No. 7, April 1977
1 "Progress Report: A Periodic Update on Lighting Research Advances made by University-Based IERI Investigators" Report No. 8, October 1977
1 "Progress Report: A Periodic Update on Lighting Research Advances made by University-Based IERI Investigators" Report No. 9, January 1978
1 "Research Program: Illuminating Engineering Research Institute," April 1979
1 "Progress Report: A Periodic Update on Lighting Research Advances made by University-Based IERI Investigators" Report No. 10, August 1979
1 "Progress Report: A Periodic Update on Lighting Research Advances made by University-Based IERI Investigators" Report No. 13, September 1979
1 "Progress Report: A Periodic Update on Lighting Research Advances made by University-Based IERI Investigators" Report No. 14, December 1979
1 IERI Reporter, January 1982
E. Society of Dyers & Colourists, 1980
Scope and Content
Contains correspondence with the Society and membership pamphlets and information.
Box
1 Correspondence, 1980
1 "Society of Dyers & Colourists: Could Membership Benefit you?" Pamphlet
1 "Society of Dyers & Colourists: Aims and Objectives", Booklet
F. Commission Internationale de L'Eclairage Technical Committee 1-07 (CIE), 1988-1984
Scope and Content
Contains a large amount of correspondence between committee members. In some cases reports and publications are present with the letters they were attached to. CIE 1-07 also contains committee reports and publications, and data regarding Metamerism.
Box
1 Correspondence, 1988-1984
1 Slides and Slide description for presentation by Yoshinobu Nayatani
1 Replies of P. K. Kaiser to reviewer comments of Kaiser Paper
1 Allen, Eugene, "Some New advances in the Study of Metamerism: Theoretical Limits of Metamerism: An Index of metamerism for observer differences" Color Engineering Vol. 7 No. 1, January-February 1969
1 Nayatani, Yoshinobu, Kotaro Takahama, and Hiroaki Sobagaki "A proposal of New Standard Deviate Observers" COLOR Research and Application, Vol. 8, No. 1, Spring 1983
1 Nayatani, Yoshinobu, "Comparison Between Different Methods for Assessing Observer Metamerism" Reviewed by Henry Hemmendinger, April 1984
1 Ohta, Noboru "Formulation of Standard Deviate Observer By Nonlinear Optimization Technique" Reviewed, August 1984
1 TC 1-07, "Commission Internationale De L'Eclairage: Special Metamerism Index: Change in Observer", First Draft, 1987
1 TC 1-07, "Commission Internationale De L'Eclairage: Special Metamerism Index: Change in Observer", Second Draft, 1987
1 TC 1-07, "Commission Internationale De L'Eclairage: Special Metamerism Index: Change in Observer", Third Draft, 1987
1 Ohta Noboru, "CIE TC. 1-07 Observer Metamerism: Status Report," Winter 1987
1 Data [Data relating to the CIE committee on Metamerism.]
G. Commission Internationale De L'Eclairage 1.3 (Colorimetry), 1974-1983, 1991
Scope and Content
Contains the minutes of two committee meetings, correspondence between committee members and a selection of the reports and publications of CIE 1.3.
Box
1 Minutes of CIE Committee 1.3 (Colorimetry), May 1961, September 1983
1 Correspondence, 1991 1983-1974
1 International Commission on Illumination Technical Committee 1.3.1 Colorimetry, "Report of the Secretariat,"
1 Commission Internationale De L'Eclairage, "Colorimetry", 2nd edition, Draft No. 1
1 Billmeyer, Fred, "New Proposals for Calculating CIE Tristimulus Values,"
1 Ikeda, K., M. Nakayama and K. Obara, "Light Source Simulating CIE Standard Illuminants D55, D65 and D67 for Colorimetry,"
1 Roberston, A. R., "Comparison of the Two Uniform Colour Spaces Proposed by CIE TC-1.3 for Study,"
1 Stearns, E.I., "A New Look at the Calculation of Tristimulus Values,"
1 McLaren, K. "The Development of CIE (1976) L*a*b* Colour Space and its Potential Value in Instrumental Control of Colour Quality", Paper to Be submitted for presentation at the 1975 CIE Meeting in London, September 1975
1 "CIE Vocabulary" Revisions suggested by TC 1.3, Colorimetry Draft No.3, March 1977
1 Clarke, F.J.J., "Special Report on Harding's Iso-Correlated-CIE Colour-Temperature Loci," July 1977
1 "Technical report on: A Method for Assessing the Quality of Daylight Simulators for Colorimetry" Draft No. 4, May 1978
1 CIE "Technical report on: A Method for Assessing the Quality of Daylight Simulators for Colorimetry" Draft No. 5 XXX, 1979
1 "Color Appearance," September 1979
1 CIE "Technical report on: A Method for Assessing the Quality of Daylight Simulators for Colorimetry," June 1980
1 Stineman, Russell, "A Consistently Well-Behaved Method Of Interpolation" Creative Computing, July 1980
1 "Relative Spectral Power Distributions of Illuminants Representing Typical Fluorescent Lamps" Proposal, May 1982
1 Bartleson, C.J., "CIE TC-1.3 (Colorimetry) Task Force on Guidelines for Measuring Color Report: Annotated
1 "," May 1983
H. United States National Committee of the Commission Internationale De L'Eclairge, 1992, 1988, 1983-1981, 1978
Scope and Content
Contains correspondence between the American members of the CIE. The USNC CIE also contains committee reports as well issues of the USNC newsletter.
Box
2 Correspondence, 1992, 1988, 1983-1981, 1978
2 "United States National Committee of the CIE", Organizational Booklet, January 1992
2 Roster of the USNC of the CIE, 1990
2 "Membership Roster of the USNC/CIE," October 1988
2 CIE Journal, Vol. 2, No. 1, July 1983
2 USNC-CIE Newsletter Issue No. 10, ed. Fred Billmeyer, July 1983
2 USNC-CIE Newsletter Issue No. 9, ed. Fred Billmeyer, January 1983
2 CIE Journal, Vol. 1, No. 2, November 1982
2 USNC-CIE Newsletter No. 8, ed. Fred Billmeyer, September 1982
2 USNC-CIE Newsletter No. 7, ed. Fred Billmeyer, June 1982
2 Barbow, Louis E., "USNC of the CIE: Acting Secretary's Report for the Year 1980-1981,"
2 Hartmann, Benn J., "USCE of the CIE: Treasurer's Report for the Fiscal Year Ending August 31st, 1981,"
2 USNC-CIE Newsletter No. 6, ed, Fred Billmeyer, December 1981
2 "Statutes of the United States National Committee Of the International Commission on Illumination," September 15, 1981
2 Hartmann, Benn J., "USNC of the CIE: Treasurer's Report for the Year Ending August 31st, 1980,"
2 Tech, Jack L., "USNC of the CIE: Secretary's Report for The Year 1979-1980,"
2 Grum, F., "USNC of the CIE: President's Report 1979-1980,"
2 Roster of the USNC of the CIE, June 30, 1979
2 Billmeyer, Fred W. Jr., "Annual Reports for 1977: USCN Technical Committees,"
2 Statutes of the USNC of the CIE, June 20, 1977
2 "Proposal on CIE Re-structuring,"
2 USNC of the CIE booklet "What it is...How it Works...,"
2 "Code of Procedure for USNC Technical Committees,"
I. Commission Internationale De L'Eclairge Technical Committee 1.6, 1980
Scope and Content
Contains correspondence between committee members and a publication concerning the use of color in signaling.
Box
2 Correspondence, 1980
2 TC-1.6, "Surface Colors for Visual Signaling," November 1980
J. Commission Internationale De L'Eclairge 2.3 (Materials and Standards), 1982-1976
Scope and Content
Contains minutes and agendas of committee meetings, committee correspondence. Included are publications along with committee reports on materials and standards.
Box
2 Programs, Minutes, and Agendas
2 Agenda for the TC-2.3 Meeting, 26-27 September 1981
2 Meeting minutes, June 1, 1976 April 20, 1977 August 20, 1979
2 Proposed Working Program for the TC-2.3 Subcommittee on Retroreflection
2 Correspondence, 1982-1976
2 Kartachevskaya, V.E., H. Korte, and A.R. Robertson, "International Comparison of Measurements of Luminance Factor and Reflectance of White Diffusing Samples", reprinted from Applied Optics, Vol. 14, November 1975
2 Venable, William, "Summary of an Investigation of the Van den Akker Method for Determining Directional-Hemispherical Reflectance," May 1976
2 Billmeyer, Fred, "Reports of Technical Committees 1976.,"
2 "US TC-2.3 Washington Meeting June 1st 1976: Terminology.,"
2 Grum, Franc, "Annual Report of the Technical Committee On Materials (TC-2.3)," September 1976
2 Ooba, N., "Absolute Methods for Reflections Measurements" First Draft, 1977
2 King, RJ, "Polarization: Definitions and Nomenclature," 1977
2 "," October 1977
2 Erb, W., "A Summary of Properties and Reflection Values Of Materials Which Are Used as Reflection Standards: Part II: Glasses, Tiles and Plastics", First Draft, March 1977
2 Chong, T. F. and F. W. Billmeyer Jr., "Reproducibility of Fluorescent Sample Measurement: Preliminary Report of First Task," July 1977
K. Commission Internationale De L'Eclairge Technical Committee 3.2 (Colour Rendering), 1983-1980
Scope and Content
Contains meeting minutes and agendas, committee correspondence, CIE 3.2 circulars, and publications concerning color rendering.
Box
2 Minutes of the CIE TC-3.2 25th, 26th, and 27th Meetings, with annexes, November 1980, September 1981, September 1982
2 Minutes of USN-TC-3.2 meeting, April and December 1981
2 Agendas, November 1980, December 1981, September 1983
2 Correspondence, 1983-1980
2 Circulars, 1980 January-February; 1982 January-February; 1981 January; 1983 January
2 Halstead, M. B., "Colour Rendering and Chromatic Adaptation.,"
2 Valberg, Arne, Thorstein Seim, and Pehr Sällström, "Colour Rendering and the Three-Band Fluorescent Lamp.,"
2 Opstelten, J. J., "The Dependence of the General Colour Rendering Index on the Set of Test Colours: The Standard Observer and the Colour-Difference Formula", Light and Research Technology, Vol. 12, No. 14, 1980
L. Commission Internationale De L'Eclairge Technical Committee 1-56 Improved Colour Matching Functions, 2000
Scope and Content
Contains correspondence between members and two drafts, one with corrections of a color matching paper.
Box
2 Correspondence, 2000
2 Brill, Michael, "CIE TC1-56: Improved Colour Matching Functions," February 2000
2 Brill, Michael, CIE TC1-56: Improved Colour Matching Functions, with comments by Françoise Viénot, March 2000
M. Commission Internationale De L'Eclairge Miscellaneous
Scope and Content
Contains reports and publications that did not fit in with any other CIE committees, including CIE definitions and standards.
Box
2 "CIE International Lighting Vocabulary Section 15: Fundamental Concepts and Quantities.,"
2 Wyszecki, G., "Development of New CIE Standard Sources for Colorimetry," December 1968
2 CIE, "CIE Document on Colorimetry," July 1969
2 CIE, Bulletin No. 40, April 1981
2 CIE, Roster, February 1991
N. Council for Optical Radiation Measurements, 1990, 1986, 1983
Scope and Content
Contains meeting minutes from two 1985 CORM meetings, and correspondence between CORM members The major part of this sub-series is a questionnaire created by CORM and completed by members of CORM and employees of various color-related industries. CORM newsletters, Optical Radiation News, and other CORM publications finish out the series.
Box
2 Minutes - CORM Task Force on Spectrophotometry, March 1985
2 Minutes - Board of Directors Meeting, May 1985
2 Correspondence, 1990 1986 1983
2 National Measurement Program for Spectrophotometry Questionnaire
2 NBS, "Research Associate Program.,"
2 Billmeyer, Fred, "By-Laws of the Council for Optical Radiation Measurement.,"
2 "Soft Accreditation by CORM.,"
2 CORM, "Pressing Problems and Projected National Needs in Optical Radiation Measurements: A Consensus of Services Desired by NBS", Report No. 2, January 1975
2 CORM, "Fourth Report to the National Bureau of Standards: Pressing Problems and Projected National Needs in Optical Radiation Measurements," August 1982
2 Eckerle, Kenneth, Victor Weidner, Jack J Hsia and Karen Kafadar, "Measurement Assurance Program Transmittance Standards for Spectrophotometric Linearity Testing: Preparation and Calibration", Journal of Research of the National Bureau of Standards, Vol. 88 No. 1, January-February 1983
2 NBS, "NBS Response to the Fourth CORM Report on Pressing Problems and Projected National Needs in Optical Radiation Measurements," May 1984; draft
2 Optical Radiation News No. 41, Spring 1984
2 Optical Radiation News No. 42, Fall 1984
2 Schneider, William "Trends in Optical Radiation Measurements" Laser focus/Electro-optics, October 1984
2 Hemmendinger, Henry, "A Proposal for a Spectrophotometric-Colorimetric Round-Robin," January 1985
2 Mailing List: CORM Task force on Spectrophotometry, March 1985
2 McCamy, C., "A Brief History of CORM," May 1985
2 Draft "CORM Priorities in Radiometry: An Update of the Fourth CORM Report on Pressing Problems and Projected National Needs in Optical Radiation Measurements," November 1985
2 Optical Radiation News No. 45, Spring-Summer 1986
2 "CORM '87: Program and abstracts" 1987 CORM Conference Annual Meeting, May 1987
2 CORM, "1987 CORM Questionnaire Results: Response to Question 2.,"
2 CORM mailer, 1987
2 CORM, "CORM Membership," October 1987
2 Optical Radiation News No. 49, Spring 1988
2 CORM, "CORM Fifth Report: Pressing Problems and Projected
2 "," September 1989
2 Parr, A. C. and J. J. Hsia, "NIST Response to the Fifth CORM Report on the Pressing Problems and Projected Needs in Optical Radiation Measurements," May 1994
2 CORM, "CORM 90: Quality! The Key to Optical Radiation Measurements," May 1990
2 Hemmendinger, Henry, "Synopsis of a Paper Presented by Henry Hemmendinger," May 1990
2 Optical Radiation News No. 54, Fall 1990
2 CORM, "The CORM Questionnaire on Spectral and Photometric Standards, Final Report," May 1993
2 CORM, "OP-1 Geometry Subcommittee of CORM Standing Committee on Optical Properties of Materials: Subcommittee Mailing List," October 1993
2 Optical Radiation News No. 61, Spring 1994
2 Verill, J. F., "CORM 96: Workshop on Integrating Spheres,"
2 CORM, "Bibliography of Flux Integration Devices for Radiometric and Photometric Applications," 2000
2 CORM, "Directory of Reference Documents on Photometry -- 2001," April 2001
O. Inter-Society Color Council-International Color Association Study Group on Color Education, 1981-1982
Scope and Content
Contains correspondence to the US members of the ISCC-AIC between .
Box
2 Correspondence, 1981-1982
P. Inter-Society Color Council Problem #27: Indices of Metamerism, 1972-1973
Scope and Content
Contains correspondence, the second letter includes attached color samples, a report on color difference and 5 separate sets of data.
Box
2 Correspondence -- color samples included with second letter, 1972
2 Fairman, Hugh S., Mark Sexton, and Walter Grady, "A Comparison of Weight Values in 16 Point Spectrophotometric Color Difference Calculations.,"
2 Data Sets, March 6-7, 1973; 5
Q. Inter-Society Color Council Problem #35: Color of Living Tissue, 1976-1978, 1980
Scope and Content
Includes ISCC correspondence, annual reports, and publications concerning tissue color matching.
Box
2 Correspondence, 1980, 1978
2 Annual Reports, 1976 1977 1978
2 Edwards, Edward A., "An Analysis of Skin Pigment Changes After Exposure to Sunlight", Reprinted from Science, Vol. 90, No. 2332, September 1939
2 Schweigher, James, and John F. Lontz, "Maxillofacial Restorative Materials and Techniques", Bulletin of Prosthetics Research, Spring 1977
2 Hemmendinger, Henry, "Some Possible Applications of Spectrophotometry and Colorimetry in Skin-Color Matching," May 1978
R. American Society for Testing and Materials D01.57 and ISCC Problem #37 Work on Artists' Paints, 1977-1981
Scope and Content
Contains the minutes of ASTM D01.57 and ISCC meetings correspondence between the two committees and their members, and publications concerning artists' paints and materials. The sub-series is completed by data sets for different shades of blue.
Box
2 Minutes - ASTM D01.57 Meetings, September 28, 1977; April 23, 1979; January 29, 1979 June 11, 1979 January 27-28, 1980
2 Minutes - ISCC Meetings, April 18, 1977; April 17, 1978
2 Correspondence, 1981-1977
2 ASTM "New D-1 Subcommittee on Artists' Paints Formed.,"
2 ASTM D01.57, Pigment List
2 Luke, Joy Turner, "Color Lectures and Workshops" mailer
2 Pamer, Treva, "Modern Blue Pigments.,"
2 NBS, "Commercial Standard CS98-62: Artists' Oil Paints," November 1962
2 ISCC, "Problems Subcommittee #37, Artists' Materials: Task Groups," April 1977
2 ISCC, "Problems Subcommittee #37, Artists' Prints: Membership," May 1977
2 Luke, Joy Turner, "Artist Gets runaround", AEA National Newsletter, Spring 1977
2 "," October 1977
2 ISCC #37 Mailing List, April 1978
2 Jenkins, Catherine "Criteria for Warning labels on Artists' Paints Containing Cadmium" Art Hazards Project, April 1978
2 ISCC Subcommittee #37 Task Group II "Preliminary Report on Current Project: Lightfastness Tests on Recent Pigments and Lightfastness Comparisons," April 1978
2 "Facts about Committee D-1 on Paint and Related Coatings and Materials," July 1978
2 "," October 1978
2 "," October 1978
2 Gottsegen, Mark David "Standards for Artists' Paints: Updating Labeling & Performance Criteria for Pigments & Vehicles", Technology and Conservation, Fall 1979
2 ASTM D01.57, "Test Methods for the Lightfastness of Pigments Used in Artists' Paints" Draft 2, March 1982
2 Data sets - Colorlab "Shift of a* and b* in 25,000 Total Langleys Exposure of Madder Lake at 5% by Volume to White Pigment,"
2 Data sets - Cerulean Blue, March 1, 1978
2 Data sets - Cobalt Blue, March 1, 1978
2 Data sets - Blues - Miscellaneous, March 1, 1978
2 Data sets - Blues - Work of March 28, 1978
S. ASTM and ISCC Miscellaneous, 1978
Scope and Content
Miscellaneous correspondence, reports, including ISCC by-laws and work on other color problems.
Box
2 Correspondence, 1979
2 Preliminary Report of ISCC Subcommittee for Problem 24, "A Catalog of Color Measuring Instruments and a Guide to their Selection," April 11, 1970
2 Inter-Society Color Council "By-Laws," 1976
2 Inter-Society Color Council "By-Laws," 1980
2 "Report of ISCC Planning Group," April 1980
2 Carter, Ellen and Fred Billmeyer, "ISCC Technical Report 88-1: Guide to Material Standards and Their Use in Color Measurement," 1988
2 ATSM Subcommittee E12.11 on Visual Materials, "Working Group on ASTM Standard Observer," December 1999
T. Consortium for Color Technology, Lehigh University, 1974; May 3-7, 1976
Scope and Content
Contains the Consortium annual report for 1974 and the 1976 Consortium roster.
Box
3 Allen, Eugene, "Consortium for Color Technology: Annual Report, September 1, 1973-August 31, 1974."
3 Consortium Roster, May 1976
II. Publications
0.25 linear feet
A. Henry Hemmendinger Publications, 1960-1999
Scope and Content
Contains publications by Henry Hemmendinger. The publications are arranged to match the index included with the collection.
Box
3 Papers by Henry Hemmendinger
3 Publications by Henry Hemmendinger and H. R. Davidson
3 Hemmendinger, Henry and Hugh Davidson, "Ein Instrumentelles Verfahren zür industriellen Berechnung von Farbrezepturen," May 1961
3 Hemmendinger, Henry, George Ingle, and Frederick Stockton, "Analytic Comparison of Color-Difference Equations", JOSA, Vol. 52 No. 9, September 1962
3 "Color Rule: For the Comparison of lights or of observers" The Davidson and Hemmendinger Bulletin, October 1967
3 Hemmendinger, Henry and Ruth M Johnston, "A Goniospectrophotemer for Color Measurements," March 1969
3 Hemmendinger, Henry, "The Development of Color-Difference Formulas", Vol. 42. No. 542, March 1970 [2 reprints and 1 copy of original journal. Preprint of paper, dated October 1968. This article is listed in the index of reprints, Subseries B.]
3 Henry Hemmendinger, "Enhancement of Chroma by the Design of Illuminants" reprinted from COLOR Research and Application, Vol. 3, No. 2, Summer 1978
3 Hemmendinger, Henry, Ralph Stanziola, and Boris Momiroff, "The Spectro Sensor: A New Generation Spectrophotometer" to appear in, 1979
3 Hemmendinger, Henry, "Colorimetric Information and Colorimetric Errors" Color Measurement Symposium: Color Science in the Textile Industry, May 1979
3 Kaiser, Peter K. and Henry Hemmendinger "The Color Rule: A Simple Device for the Classification of Normal and Abnormal Color Vision,"
3 Kaiser, Peter K. and Henry Hemmendinger "The Color Rule: A Device for Color-Vision Testing" , Vol. 5 No. 2, Summer 1980
3 Celikiz, Gultekin and Rolf G. Kuehni eds. "Color Technology in the Textile industry" , by Henry Hemmendinger (North Carolina: American Association of Textile Chemists and Colorists, 1983)
3 Brill, Michael H. and Henry Hemmendinger, "Illuminant Dependence of Object-Color Coding", DIE FARBE, 32/33, 1985-1986
3 Hemmendinger, Henry "Reflectance and Spectrophotometry: Balancing Diffuse and Specular Components," 1995
3 Fairman, Hugh S. Michael H. Brill, and Henry Hemmendinger "How the CIE 1931 Color-Matching Functions Were Derived from Wright-Guild Data" Vol. 22 No. 1, February 1997 [includes 2 drafts with corrections and letter of acceptance from Color]
3 Hemmendinger, Henry, "The Role of Opponency in Twentieth Century Colorimetry", Color Research and Application, Vol. 24, No. 1, February 1999 [correspondence with Color and a proofed copy of article]
B. H.R. Davidson Publications, 1948-1958
Scope and Content
Contains the publications of Hugh Davidson, these publications are arranged to match the included index.
Box
3 Publication Index
3 Davidson, H. R., "A Simple Solution to the "Artificial" Light Problem" American Dyestuff Reporter, January 1952
3 Davidson, H. R., “Calculation of Color Differences from Visual Sensitivity Ellipsoids”, JOSA, Vol. 41, No. 12, December 1951
3 Davidson, H. R., "Visual Sensitivity to Surface Color Differences, JOSA Vol. 41, No. 2, February 1951
3 Davidson, H. R., "Calculation of Subtractive Color Mixtures" JOSA, Vol. 40, No, 4, April 1950
3 Davidson, H. R., "Prediction of the Color of Dye Mixtures on Textiles, JOSA, Vol. 42, No. 5, May 1952
3 Davidson, H. R., "Accuracy of Visual Judgments of Color Differences on Wool Flannel, American Dyestuff Reporter, April 1951
3 Davidson, H. R., I. H. Godlove, J. M. Lambert, and G. J. Wright, "An Illuminant Converting Filter for Use with the Automatic Tristimulus Integrator", JOSA, Vol. 40, No. 12, December 1950
3 Davidson, H. R., and L. W. Imm, "A Continuous, Automatic Tristimulus Integrator for Use with the Recording Spectrophotometer" JOSA, Vol. 39, No. 11, November 1949
3 Davidson, H. R., C. E. Schildknecht, S. T. Gross, J. M. Lambert, and A. O. Zoss, "Polyvinyl Isobutyl Ethers" Industrial and Engineering Chemistry, Vol. 40, November 1948
3 Davidson, H. R., and Elaine Friede, "The Size of Acceptable Color Differences" JOSA, Vol. 43, No. 7, July 1953
3 Davidson, H. R., and J. M. Lambert, "Process Control of Vinyl Ethers" Industrial and Engineering Chemistry, Vol. 43, June 1951
3 Davidson, H. R. and D. L. Fuller, "A Simple Analog Computer for Thermodynamic Calculations" Journal of Physical and Colloid Chemistry, Vol. 55, No. 2, February 1951
3 Davidson, H. R., "Dipole Moments and Molecular Structure" Journal of Chemical Education, Vol. 27, November 1950
3 Davidson, H. R. and I. H. Godlove, "Control of the Dyebath by Means of a Spectrophotometric Measurements.,"
3 Davidson, H. R. and I. H. Godlove, "Applications of the Automatic Tristimulus Integrator to Textile Mill Practice" American Dyestuff Reporter, February 1950
3 Davidson, H. R., and R. D. Haire, "Matching USAF Silvertan Shade No. 193" American Dyestuff Reporter, April 1953
3 Davidson, H. R. and J. J. Hanlon, "Use of Charts for Rapid Calculation of Color Difference" JOSA Vol. 45, No. 8, August 1955
3 Davidson, H. R. and H. Hemmendinger, "Colorimetric Calibration of Colorant Systems" JOSA, Vol. 45, No. 3, March 1955
3 Davidson, H. R. and H. Hemmendinger, "Comparison of Munsell and MacAdam Color Spaces", JOSA Vol. 48, No. 9, September 1958
3 Davidson, H. R. and H. Luttringhaus, "A Munsell Color Book in Textiles" JOSA, Vol. 41, No. 9, September 1951
3 H. Hemmendinger and J. M. Lambert, "The Importance of Chromaticity in the Evaluation of Whiteness" Journal of the American Oil Chemists' Society, Vol. XXX, No. 4, April 1953
C. Biographical Papers
Scope and Content
Contains autobiographical sketches for Davidson and Hemmendinger, along with resumes and Curriculum Vitae for both men.
Box
3 Henry Hemmendinger; b&w photograph
3 "Davidson and Hemmendinger to Receive the Millson Award", AATCC, September 1988
3 Henry Hemmendinger Professional History
3 Henry Hemmendinger's Curriculum Vita
3 Personal Biography -- Henry Hemmendinger
3 Biography -- Henry Hemmendinger
3 Hugh R. Davidson Employment History
3 Personal Biography -- Hugh R. Davidson
3 Biography -- Hugh R. Davidson
3 Instructing Staff -- Hugh R. Davidson and Henry Hemmendinger
D. Reprinted Publications, 1963-1970
Scope and Content
Contains reprinted publications from Davidson and Hemmendinger arranged to match the included index.
Box
3 Index of reprints
3 Atlantic Chemical Corp., "An introduction to Color and Color Measurement," 1965
3 Davidson, H.R., "The Use of Instrumentation in Cosmetic Color Control" Journal of the Society of Cosmetic Chemists, No. 17, 1966
3 Davidson, H.R., "Instrument Matching and Control of Metalized Colors", Color Engineering, January-February 1965
3 Davidson, H. R. and H. Hemmendinger, "Education in Color Measurement for Colorists in Industry", Die Farbe, Vol. 14, 1965
3 Davidson, H. R. and H. Hemmendinger, "An Instrumental Approach to Industrial Color Formulation", Die Farbe, Vol. 12, 1963
3 Davidson, H. R. and H. Hemmendinger, "Color Prediction Using the Two-Constant Turbid-Media Theory" JOSA, Vol. 56, No. 8, August 1966
3 Davidson, H. R., H. Hemmendinger, and J.L.R. Landry Jr., "A System of Instrumental Colour Control for the Textile Industry" Journal of the Society of Dyers and Colourists, December 1963
3 Davidson, H. R. and H. Hemmendinger, "Industrial Use of Instrumentation and Computation for Color Matching and Control", Color Engineering, May-June 1966
3 Davidson, H. R. and H. Hemmendinger, "Use of Instrumentation in Color Matching Problems" SPE Journal, Vol. 19, No. 1, January 1963
3 Davidson, H. R. and Marvin Taylor, "Prediction of the Color of Fiber Blends" JOSA, Vol. 55, No. 1, January 1965
3 Stanziola, R., "Practical Colour Instrumentation for the Dyer" Canadian Textile Journal, September 1965
3 Stanziola, R., "Color Instrumentation for the Practical Dyer" American Dyestuff Reporter, March 1966
3 Johnston, R. M., and T. D. Richards, "PPG Instrumental Color Control: Production Methods and Experiences", Journal of Paint Technology, Vol. 39, No. 509, June 1967
3 "Fundamentals and Problems of Color: II. Analytical Aspects of Color", Journal of Paint Technology, Vol. 39, No. 509, June 1967
3 Davidson, H. R. and H. Hemmendinger, "Theory and Use of the Davidson and Hemmendinger Colorant Mixture Computer", Official Digest Vol. 37, No. 487, August 1965
3 Davidson, H. R. "Advances in Instrumentation for Shade Matching-Use of Computers", American Dyestuff Reporter, June 1967
3 Johnston, R.M. and Robert Feller, "Optics of Paint Films: Glazes and Chalking,"
3 Davidson, H. R. and H. Hemmendinger, "Colour Measurement in Industry" The Colour Group, April 1967
3 Johnston, R. M., T. D. Richards, and W. S. Rosenthal, "Preparation and Use of Stable Secondary Standards for Colorimetry", Color Engineering, March-April 1968
3 Johnston, R. M., Davidson, and Hemmendinger, "Color Control in the Small Paint Plant", Journal of Paint Technology, Vol. 42, No. 542, March 1970
3 Hemmendinger, Henry, "The Development of Color-Difference Formulas" Journal of Paint Technology, Vol 42, No. 542, March 1970 [Full issue, 2 copies, and presented paper are located in Subseries A. The article is listed here as it appears on the reprinted publication index.]
3 Johnston, R. M. and R. Stanziola, "Angular Color Measurement on Automotive Materials" International Automotive Engineering Congress, Detroit Michigan, January 1969
E. The Godlove Award, 1996
Scope and Content
Contains publications relating to Henry Hemmendinger being given the Godlove Award in 1996, including his response to the honor.
Box
3 Brill, Michael, "Hemmendinger Receives Godlove Award" Inter-Society Color Council News no. 364, November-December 1996
3 "Henry Hemmendinger to Receive ISCC Godlove Award", reprint of Color Research and Application, Vol. 22, No. 3, June 1997
3 Burns, Roy S. "Godlove award citation", Inter-Society Color Council News, No. 370, November-December 1997
3 Brill, Michael H., "Henry's New Face" Inter-Society Color Council News No. 370, November-December 1997
3 Hemmendinger, Henry "Response of Henry Hemmendinger Upon the Granting of the Godlove Award", Inter-Society Color Council News, No. 370, November-December 1997
3 Marcus, Robert, "Two New ISCC Honorary Members: Luke and Hemmendinger" Inter-Society Color Council News, No. 378, March-April 1999
F. I.H. Godlove Reprints, 1947-1954
Box
3 Godlove, I.H., "Relation of Color Perception to Chemical Structure: A Critical Biography", Textile Research Journal, Vol. XVII, No. 4, April 1947
3 Godlove, I.H., "The Limiting Colors Due to Ideal Absorption and Transmission Bands", JOSA, Vol. 37, No. 10, October 1947
3 Godlove, I.H., Uniformity of Grading of the American, British and German Light-Fastness Standards", AATCC, April 1950
3 Godlove, I. H., "The Weber-Fechner Law and Dyeing Strengths", AATCC, January 1951
3 Godlove, I.H., "Color Change from Daylight to Night Light, Calculated and Observed", JOSA, Vol. 41, No. 6, June 1951
3 Godlove, I.H., "Determination of Color Strengths", American Dyestuff Reporter, July 1951
3 Godlove, I.H., "Perceptibility and Acceptability of Color-Changes in Fastness Tests, and "On-Tone" Fading", American Dyestuff Reporter, Vol. 40, No. 18, September 1951
3 Godlove, I.H., "Improved Color-Difference Formula, with Applications to the Perceptibility and Acceptability of Fadings", JOSA, Vol. 41, No. 11, November 1951
3 Godlove, I.H., "Near-Circular Adams Chromaticity Diagrams", JOSA, Vol. 42, No. 3, March 1952
3 Godlove, I.H., "Tinctorial Strength, Depth (or apparent strength) of Dyeings and "Money Value" of Dyes", AATCC, October 1954
G. Color Research and Application Paper, January 1978
Scope and Content
Contains the correspondence, drafts, and data relating to a paper Henry submitted for publication in Color Research and Application in 1978.
Box
3 Correspondence, 1978
3 CR & A Paper, Hemmendinger, Henry, "Enhancement of Chroma by the Design of Illuminants," January 1978
3 CR & A Data: Slide Materials; Color Rendering Index Data Set; HCL Color Description Set; Nodal and Inter Nodal Data Sets; Neutrals, Nodal and Inter Nodal Data Sets; Schumacher Union Pacific Cloth Measurements
H. Other Publications, 1967-1999, with gaps
Scope and Content
Contains six other publications, some by Hemmendinger, the rest by other authors, which were not listed on any of the indices included with other publication series.
Box
3 Wright, W. D., "Colorimetry and the Eye," April 1967
3 "Color Technology and Its Applications in Industry" Diano Corporation, February 1970
3 Lau, Kwok Chang, "Colorant Formulation of Metallic Paints" Doctoral Dissertation, Lehigh University, 1978
3 Hemmendinger, Henry "The Spreadsheet as a Flexible Tool in Colorimetry," 1992
3 Fairman, Hugh and Henry Hemmendinger, "Stability of Ceramic Color Reflectance Standards" Color Research and Application, Vol. 23, No. 6, December 1998
III. Courses
0.5 linear feet
A. "The Objective Specification of Color and Color Differences," Fall 1953
Scope and Content
Contains the class roster, lecture notes, course correspondence, and the course outline.
Box
3 "Continuation Courses," Fall 1953
3 Class roster
3 Course outline
3 Course correspondence
3 Lecture notes and data
B. GE Color Measurements Course, 1955-1956
Scope and Content
Was given twice, once in 1955 and again in 1956. The series contains a list of instructors, course outline, class roster, classroom exercises, a copy of the Spectrophotometry digest, course correspondence, and in the case of the 1955 session, a campus map for Union College.
1. Union College, August 1-2, 1955, June 1955 (Box 3)
Scope and Content
syllabus; campus map; list of instructors; class roster; lecture outlines; Spectrophotometry Digest; course correspondence
2. Wentworth Hotel, Porstmouth, NH, September 24-28, 1956
3 Spectrophotometry Digest, November 1956
3 "How G.E.'s Recording Spectrophotometer Helps You," [course outline; lecture notes; exercises; lecture data]
3 Davidson, H. R. and Henry Hemmendinger, "Colorimetric Calibration of Colorant Systems", Reprinted from , Vol. 45, No. 3, March 1955
C. Davidson and Hemmendinger Color Courses, 1957-1969
Scope and Content
Contains student lists.
Box
3 Davidson and Hemmendinger Original Student lists, 1969-1957
3 Davidson and Hemmendinger Student lists, 1969-1957 [also included is a lecture outline.] ; copies
D. Ford Courses, 1970-1971
Scope and Content
Contain course books from courses offered. The course books include a course schedule, outline, notes, and list of students as well as lecturers. Course books from instructors and students can be found in this series. Exercises from the course, along with color data and color samples are also present here.
Box
3 Ford course originals - "Color Description, Specification, and Quality Control", January 7-8, 1971, Course Notebook, Corrected, October 1970; January 1971; February 1971; March 1971 [class rosters]
3 Ford course originals - "Summaries" Lecture notes with Data
3 Ford course originals - "Color Description, Specification, and Quality Control," October-November 1970 [draft of course notebook]
3 Rosters, October-November 1970
3 Color Description Exercise [data sets; color samples backed by cardboard, V, T, S, W; color sample with no backing, dark ginger; 2 color samples with aluminum backing]
3 Course book - Henry Hemmendinger, "Color Description, Specification, and Quality Control," October 13-14, 1970
3 Course book - James S. Chamberlain, "Color Description, Specification, and Quality Control," November 10-11, 1970
3 Course book - Cliff Charbonneau, "Color Description, Specification, and Quality Control," November 10-11, 1970
3 Course book - Henry Hemmendinger, "Color Description, Specification, and Quality Control," November 10-11, 1970
3 Course book - Henry Hemmendinger "Color Description, Specification, and Quality Control," January 7-8, 1971
3 Course book - Henry Hemmendinger, "Color Description, Specification, and Quality Control," February 9-10, 1971
3 Course book - Bill Williams, "Color Description, Specification, and Quality Control," March 9-10, 1971
E. Courses on Colorimetry
Scope and Content
Contains advertisement pamphlets and a registration form for Davidson and Hemmendinger courses.
Box
3 "Seminars on the Science of Color and its Application in Industry, Business, and Art", Offered by the D&H Color Center, Mailer
3 "Color Measurements and Spectrophotometric Curves" A Laboratory Service Offered by the D&H Color Center, Mailer
3 "Color and the Behavior of Colorants", Offered by Kollmorgen Color Systems Division
3 Registration for "Color and the Behavior of Colorants" Announcement of the Second in a Series of Training Courses, October 16, 1970
3 "New Series of Training Courses Devoted to Solution of Practical Industrial Color Problems" News Release
F. Pfizer Course, 1972-1975
Scope and Content
Included in this series are lecture notes and outlines, slides, course correspondence, color data, including Munsell color exercises, and a small selection of color samples.
Box
3 Color Course Notes [Lectures I-IV - notes, slides, and data; 2nd Lecture, February 24, 1972 - loose notes and data: tables and graphs; 4th Lecture, March 9, 1972 - summary, data, and color samples]
3 Course at Lab, January-February 1973 [color samples; course exercises; color samples with accompanying data: tables and graphs; Munsell exercises; specular graphs and data]
3 Seminar at Easton, June 24, 1975 [slide originals, paper and transparencies]
3 "Pseudochromaticity" Talk to Pfizer Staff, March 17, 1976 - Correspondence
3 "Pseudochromaticity" Talk to Pfizer Staff, March 17, 1976 - Color Map
3 "Pseudochromaticity" Talk to Pfizer Staff, March 17, 1976 - Besnoy, Ralph, "Pseudochromaticity," [slides and data]
G. Mobay Chemical Company Color Course, 1975
Scope and Content
Contains two copies of the lecture given at the Mobay course, in 1975, slides to accompany the lecture, and a few color samples.
Box
3 "Color Order, Color Measurement, and Spectrophotometry" A Course Given at Mobay Chemical Co., October 6-8, 1975
3 Henry, Hemmendinger, "Color Order, Color Measurement, and Spectrophotometry" A Course Given at Mobay Chemical Co., October 6-8, 1975 [slide index; color samples]
H. Computer Colorant Formulation and Batch Shading at the Consortium for Color Technology, May 22-26, 1978 (Box 3)
Arrangement
Originally filed into five sections: Notes, Literature, Computation, Standard Curves, and Paper and Forms, the series remains in this order.
I. "Advanced Instrumental Color Measurement Seminar," June 25-26, 1984
Scope and Content
Contains a lecture outline, a RIT report, class roster, and a few pages of handwritten notes, most likely from Henry Hemmendinger.
Box
3 Roster
3 "Spectrophotometric Color Measurements for Colorimetry" Outline, 1984
3 Clarke, F. J. J., R. McDonald, and B. Rigg, "Modification to the JPC79 Colour-Difference Formula", JSDC, Vol. 100, April 1984
3 RIT Munsell Color Science Laboratory, "Visual Determination of Industrial Acceptability Limits Using Frobit Transformations,"
3 Handwritten Notes
J. Miscellaneous Courses, June 24, 1970
Scope and Content
Contains letters sent out to advertise color courses, possible lecture topics, and an award for course completion given to Hemmendinger.
3 Color Course Letters
3 Lecture Topics for Pigment Users
3 Lecture Topics for Dye Users
3 Lecture Topics
3 Rensselar Polytechnic Institute Award for Course Completion
IV. Conferences
0.75 linear feet
A. Presented Papers, 1963, 1965
Scope and Content
Contains two papers given by Hemmendinger, one in Tokyo in 1963, the other in Switzerland in 1965.
Box
3 Henry Hemmendinger and Hugh R. Davidson, "The Application of Color Measurements in Industrial Control", Sophia University, Tokyo Japan, April 4, 1963
3 Henry Hemmendinger and Hugh R. Davidson "Education in Color Measurement for Colorists in Industry", International Colour Meeting, Lucerne, Switzerland, June 1965
B. Inter-Society Color Council Williamsburg Technical Conference, February 6-9, 1966
Scope and Content
Contains Hemmendinger's presented paper and a conference program.
Box
3 Henry Hemmendinger and Hugh R. Davidson. "Calibration and Operation of a Color-Measuring Spectrophotometer", ISCC Williamsburg VA, February 7, 1966 [preliminary and final drafts]
3 Inter-Society Color Council Williamsburg Technical Conference Program, February 6-9, 1966
C. Williamsburg Conference, January 26-28 1976
Scope and Content
Contains correspondence with regards to conference attendance and participation, Hemmendinger's presentation, including slides and data, conference information, hotel reservations, and other presented papers.
Box
3 Correspondence, 1976
3 Conference Presentation - Henry Hemmendinger, "Measurement Variations and Formulation Accuracy", Abstract, October 1975 [list of slides; 2 sets of slides; data sets]
3 Conference Information [hotel reservation receipt; tentative program; ISCC "Instrumental Colorant Formulation 1976" program; list of participants]
3 Notes and Other Papers [note on slide orientation; Malcolm McKenzie, "CCM -- Fact Not Fiction"]
D. International Colour Association (AIC) Troy New York, 1977
Scope and Content
Contains drafts of the paper to be presented with Ruth Bottiger, slides for the presentation and data for the paper, and cloth color samples. Conference circulars, registration forms and a list of participants finish out the subseries.
Box
4 Correspondence [includes two drafts of "Metamerism and its Influence On Attainable Color Tolerance" attached to letters asking for critique and corrections], 1976
4 Conference Paper - Henry Hemmendinger and Ruth Bottiger, "Metamerism and its Influence on Attainable Color Tolerance," July 1977 [data sets pertaining to paper and presentation]
4 Conference Information [AIC First Circular for "Color 77"; AIC Second Circular and Registration form for "Color 77"; list of participants]
4 Color Samples on Cloth [Greens CL 7639 A -- H; Browns 4166-10 A -- F; 7032-1 A, G, I, J; 7032-2 F -- K]
E. "AIC Midterm Tokyo Symposium '79", Tokyo Japan, August 16-17, 1979
Scope and Content
Contains a list of papers to be presented at the conference.
Box
4 "Color Appearance: Program Timetable, Abstracts of Papers, List of Participants, Patronizing Entities, and Exhibitors," August 1979
F. The Golden Jubilee of Colour, September 28-29, 1981
Scope and Content
Contains conference correspondence, drafts of Hemmendinger's presentation, including a dictated copy, slides and data, and conference information.
Box
4 Correspondence, 1981-1980
4 Conference Paper - Henry Hemmendinger, "Instrumentation for Color Measurement and its Performance", Part II
4 Conference Paper - Henry Hemmendinger and Fred Billmeyer, "Instrumentation for Color Measurement and its Performance." Dictated Paper, September 1981 [slide index and slides; originals of slide index and slides; data; notes on paper structure]
4 Conference Information [Golden Jubilee of Colour: Proceedings; Programme; "Final Programme"; List of Participants; Supplementary List of Participants]
G. Council for Optical Radiation Measurement, Washington D.C., May 1982
Scope and Content
Contains notes about the conference, slides and an index for a presentation, and a reprinted article about spectrophotometers.
Box
4 Notes for CORM, 1982
4 Eckerle, K. L. and W. H. Venable, "1976 Remeasurement of NBS Spectrophotometer-Integrator Files" Reprinted from Color Research and Application, Vol. 2, No. 3, Fall 1977
4 Slides and Index for CORM, 1982
H. Colour Vision, Cambridge, August 23-27, 1982
Scope and Content
Contains a conference program, a list of exhibits, and a list of delegates.
Box
4 "Colour Vision: An International Conference" Cambridge, August 23-17, 1982
4 List of Delegates
4 "An Exhibition to Illustrate the Development of the Theory of Colour Vision", Cambridge, August 26, 1982
I. ISCC: Color and Illumination, February 6-9, 1983
Box
4 "Man Lights and so Colors his Environment" Conference Program
J. IES Los Angeles, March 23, 1983 (Box 4)
Scope and Content
Contains the IES board meeting agenda, slides, and observation forms from the IES workshop.
K. Annual Technical Conference of the Society of Plastics Engineering (ANTEC SPE), May 2-3, 1983
Scope and Content
Includes an abstract of Hemmendinger's presentation, conference correspondence, and a paper presented by Fred Billmeyer.
Box
4 Correspondence, 1982-1983
4 Conference Paper - Henry Hemmendinger, "The Performance of Color-Measuring Instruments.,"
4 Conference Paper - Henry Hemmendinger, "The Performance of Color-Matching Instruments", Abstract
4 Conference Paper - Fred Billmeyer, "Solving the Problem of Accurate Color Measurements in Plastics.,"
4 Conference Paper - SPE 1983 Figures, Slide Index
L. SPSE Boston, May 21, 1984
Scope and Content
Includes an abstract of a paper on colorimetric standards written by Henry Hemmendinger.
Box
4 Henry Hemmendinger, "Colorimetric Standards for Instruments, for Color-Reproductions Processes, and for Observers," [abstract; slide index; data sets for slides]
M. International Color Association, June 16-22, 1985
Scope and Content
Contains a conference programs, definitions of AIC terms, Hemmendinger's presented paper and the data it was based on.
Box
4 5th Congress of the International Color Association [program; summary; definitions]
4 Henry Hemmendinger and Ruth Bottiger, "Metamerism and its Influence on Attainable Color Tolerances.,"
4 Henry Hemmendinger, "The Character of Metameric-Black Curve as the Determinant of Ratio of Observer -- To Illuminant -- Degree of Metamerism," [data sets]
N. The Ultraviolet Spectrophotometry Group of the UK and The Council for Optical Radiation Measurement: Advances in Standards and Methodology in Spectrophotometry, (USVG -- CORM) Oxford, September 14-17, 1986
Scope and Content
Contains conference information, copies and abstracts of presented papers, and data sets.
Box
4 Conference Papers - Henry Hemmendinger, "One and Two Decades of Color-Measurement Reproducibility.,"
4 Conference Papers - Advances in Standards and Methodology in Spectrophotometry, "Invited Paper Abstracts.,"
4 Conference Papers - Advances in Standards and Methodology in Spectrophotometry, "Poster Abstract Submission Form: Reproducibility of Color Measurement,"
4 Conference Papers - Advances in Standards and Methodology in Spectrophotometry, "Instructions for the Submission of Posters,"
4 Conference Information [Advances in Standards and Methodology in Spectrophotometry Program; list of delegates]
4 Conference Data
O. Inter-Society Color Council Annual Meeting, April 5-7, 1987
Scope and Content
Includes hotel reservations for the conference, hotel floor plans, an agenda for committee meetings, and a selection of data sets.
Box
4 Conference Information [informational letter; agenda for Project Committee meetings; roster of attendees; floor plan of Barclay Hotel; Philadelphia street map]
4 Data Sets [CRP Index and CRP sets #59-56, 54, 51, 46, 43, 41; Spectral Curves Data Set]
P. Second Oxford Conference, June 19-23, 1994
Scope and Content
Contains one piece of correspondence, a master copy of Henry's presentation along with an abstract, a conference program, and a USVG booklet.
Box
4 Correspondence 1 letter, 1994
4 Henry Hemmendinger, "Reflectance Spectrophotometry: Balancing Diffuse and Specular Components," ; master copy
4 Henry Hemmendinger, "The Balance Treatment of Diffuse and Specular Reflectances" Abstract of Poster Presentation
4 Oxford 1994 Poster "Tables, Figures, and Paper,"
4 Ultra Violent Spectrometry Group, Booklet
4 2nd Oxford Conference" Program
Q. Williamsburg, February 12-15, 1995
Scope and Content
Includes Hemmendinger's conference paper and a list of definitions decided upon at Williamsburg.
Box
4 Henry Hemmendinger, "Advances in the Industrial Applications of Colorimetry: Is the Computer the Enemy?", Abstract, September 21, 1994
4 Williamsburg Terminology
4 Henry Hemmendinger, "Industrial Applications of Formulation Computations: Is the Computer the Enemy?,"
R. Miscellaneous Conference Items
Scope and Content
Contains the minutes of a MCCA board of directors meeting, the program of AIC Mid-term symposium in 1984 and a paper outline written by Hemmendinger.
Box
4 Minutes of the MCCA Board of Directors Meeting
4 AIC-Midterm Symposium Program, 1984
4 Henry Hemmendinger, "Differences in Color Vision" Outline
V. Color
3.5 linear feet
A. Color Samples
Scope and Content
Contains color patches on photo paper. Samples are given their own folders except where otherwise noted, i.e. 2.5R is in its own folder.
Box
4 All 2.5 RP, All 5 RP, All 7.5 RP, All 10 RP
4 Samples From Treva Pamer, ISCC Problem # 37, March 1, 1978
4 Color Description Sets: N 8/, N6/, N4, 5YR, 5Y, 5GY, Redos of Color Description sets, 5G, 5BG, 5B, 5PB, 5P, 5RP, 5R Color Description Set Final Recalibration, 5R*, 5R; split over two folders
Box
5 7.5R, 5YR, 5YR, 5Y, 5Y, 5GY, 5PB
5 All 2.5 reds, All 5 reds, All 7.5 Red, All 10 Reds, All 2.5YR, All 5YR, All 7.5YR, All 10YR, All 2.5Y, All 5Y, All 7.5Y, All 10Y, All 2.5GY, All 5GY, All 7.5GY, All 10GY, All 2.5G, All 7.5G, All 5G, All 10G, All 2.5BG, All 5BG, All 7.5BG, All 10BG, All 2.5B, All 5B, All 7.5B
Box
6 All 10B, All 2.5 PB, All 5PB, All 7.5PB,42'231 All 10BP, All 2.5P, All 5P, All 7.5P, All 10P
6 HCL Color Description Set X
6 Color Difference Sets, February 1977
6 Color Difference Sets; Observer Differences, November 1978
B. Munsell Color, 1977
Scope and Content
Contains Henry's work on the Munsell color system. It includes correspondence and work with Dorothy Nickerson, project work with the Teesside Technical Institute, Munsell data sets, publications about Munsell color, work on the Munsell Glossy Color book (perhaps Davidson and Hemmendinger's greatest contribution to the Munsell system) and a comparison of the Munsell color system to the Swedish Natural Color System.
Box
6 Dorothy Nickerson, 1977 [correspondence with accompanying Munsell data; list of items sent to Dorothy Nickerson]
6 Munsell Teesside, 1994 1989 [correspondence with Teesside Polytechnic; Munsell data]
6 Davidson & Hemmendinger, "Formulations: Glossy Book,"
6 Davidson & Hemmendinger, " Data for Use With Munsell Color Book," August 1962
6 Newhall, Sidney, Dorothy Nickerson, and Deane B. Judd, "Final Report of the OSA Subcommittee on the Spacing of Munsell Colors" Reprinted from , Vol. 33, No. 7 [inserted in Munsell Color Book]
6 Davidson & Hemmendinger, "Supplement to Data for use with Munsell Color Book," September 1965
6 Billmeyer, Fred, Roy Berns, and Richard Sacher, "Color Constant Extensions of the Munsell Book of Color,"
6 Correspondence from Michael Brill to Anders Hard
6 Michael Brill, "Summary of Comments from the Forsius Symposium," September 1983
6 Specifications of Munsell Renotation Samples after D&H 1967 edition
6 Munsell Color Plots [Neutral Reds; Yellow Reds; Yellows; Green Yellows; Greens; Blue Greens; Blues; Purple Blues; Purples; Red Purples]
6 Munsell Glossy Book: Extension Colors (data sets) [Renotation specifications, glossy color chips]
6 Munsell Book of Color: Neighboring Hues Edition, 1957 March 7
6 Munsell Sequences: Data Sheets and Curves, 1979 [student worksheets]
6 Munsell Grid for Illuminant D65, 1964 CIE Observer, December 10, 1992; December 11, 1992; December 16, 1992
6 Munsell Grid for Illuminant D65, 1964 CIE Observer, December 9, 1997
6 Munsell Grid for Illuminant D65, 1931 CIE Observer, December 12, 1992 December 16, 1992 December 17, 1992
6 Munsell Grid for Illuminant D65, 1931 CIE Observer, January 13, 1993
6 Munsell Grid for Illuminant D65, 1931 CIE Observer, May 11, 1998
6 Munsell Grid for Illuminant D65, 1931 CIE Observer, January 29, 2000
6 Relation Between Munsell and Swedish Natural Color System - Correspondence
6 Relation Between Munsell and Swedish Natural Color System - NCS "Lightness Meter,"
6 Relation Between Munsell and Swedish Natural Color System - Hard, Anders, "Psychophysical Co-Relation Between Psychometrics of NCS and Physical CIE-measurements.,"
6 Relation Between Munsell and Swedish Natural Color System - Judd, Deane and Dorothy Nickerson, "Relation Between Munsell and Swedish Natural Color System Scales" Reprinted from Vol. 65, No. 1, January 1975
6 Swedish Color Chart - Data from Anders Hard, October 1981
C. Color Study
Scope and Content
Includes Hemmendinger's work, evaluation, publication, and correspondence with various types and makers of color. This sub-series includes work on Japanese opal glass, blacks, and Pfizer pigments. Color study contains a massive amount of data sometimes filed neatly in sets other times free-floating pages.
Box
6 Budzinksi, R. M., "The Phthalo ," January 1967
6 Budzinksi, R. M., "The Phthalo "Dip" (Supplement) Intra Company Color Laboratory, January 1970
Box
7 Yoneda Glass Bead Opals [Correspondence; Information Pack; Opal Data]
7 Black Glass [measurements of black and white glass (data sets)]
7 Pfizer Pigments - Data Plots [The Location of Pfizer Pigments in CIE Space; Exercises W1, W3, W4, TH1; Data plots, #19-39; Pigment Identification Key; Lecture Notes; Color Samples]
D. White Color Study
Scope and Content
Focuses on Hemmendinger's study of various white colors. The majority of his work with whites was done in conjunction with Hunter Laboratories. The subseries includes correspondence with Hunter Labs and massive amounts of color data in the form of tables, charts and plots. Hemmendinger's work on Russian opal glass represents a major part of his time at the Hemmendinger Color Laboratory; this section of the sub-series contains a number of reports prepared by his consulting firm for other companies.
Box
7 Hunter Laboratory Invoices
7 Hunter Laboratory Correspondence
7 Hunter Lab Report # 0382017
7 Hunter Gray and White Data Printouts
7 Hemmendinger, Henry. "White Reflectance Standards: Description of the Standards," July 1979
7 "Halon (PTFE) White Reflectance Standard" Rough Draft
7 Hemmendinger, Henry, "Standards for Spectrophotometry and Colorimetry," August 1980
7 "White Reflectance Standards: Use of Standards,"
7 "BCRA Ceramic Colour Standards, Series II," 1983
7 Russian Opal
7 Halon
7 WH 31 Sine and Sex Values
7 WH52 to WH 61 Data tables SIN or SEX values
7 WR 117, 126, 128, 131 SIN and SEX values
7 Report prepared for Pulp and Paper Research Institute of Canada "Halon WH 52 and WH60" Report 8904, February 7, 1989
7 Report prepared for Ciba-Geigy Corporation "White Opal Standard WR-135" Report 8865, December 14, 1988
7 Report prepared for Southwall Technologies "Halon White Standards WH56 and WH 57" Report 8714, June 30, 1987
7 Report prepared for Mead Imaging "White Standards WR 126, WR 128 WH 59, WH 61" Report 8727, June 30, 1987
7 Report prepared for Mean Imaging "White Opal WR124 and Halon WH50" Report 8633, October 3, 1986
7 Report prepared for Boeing "Halon WH51" Report 8634, October 3, 1986
7 Report prepared for Brunswick Corp Defense division "White Opal WR 125 absolute reflectance" Report 8642, October 3, 1986
7 Report prepared for The J Paul Getty Conservation Institute "White Opal WR 127" Report 8644, October 3, 1986
7 Report prepared for PPG Industries "Halon WH55" Report 8645, October 3, 1986
7 Report prepared for Pfizer Minerals, Pigments & Metals Division "White Opal WR 123" Report 8653, October 3, 1986
7 "Specular Halon Ports," December 1982
7 Report prepared for ACS "White A 77GR17" Report 8522, July 1, 1985
7 Report prepared for Boeing "WH 22, WH 30 and WT 43" Report 8524, July 1, 1985
7 Report prepared for Coulter Computer Corp. "HCL-WR-106 and HCL-WR-107" Report # 1180084, November 1980
7 Report prepared for 3M "WR-108" Report #0681057A, June 1981
7 Report prepared for Burlington Industries "WR-109" Report #0681064, July 1981
7 Report prepared for Rohm and Haas Delaware Valley "WH-21, WR-111, MIRROR HCL-28" Report # 1081104, October 1981
7 Report prepared for The Sherwin-Williams Co. "WH-17, WH-18, WR 110" Report # 0881083, October 1981
7 Report prepared for Exxon Research and Engineering Company "WH-27, WT-41, WR --112", Report # 0482025, May 1982
7 Report prepared for Applied Color Systems Inc. "WH-2, WR-104, WR-113, WT-17, WT-19, WT-21, WT-23, WT-25", Report #0682033, June 1982
7 Report Prepared for J&J Dental Products Company, "HCL WR-117" Report 84031, August 6, 1984
7 "Absolute Reflectance of Two Halon Standards: WH-36, WH-37" Report 84302, September 1984
7 HCL-WR-105 Russian opal glass
7 HCL-WR-104 Russian opal glass
7 HCL-WR-102 Russian opal glass
7 HCL-WR-103 Russian opal glass
7 HCL-WR-101 Russian opal glass
7 Color Standards WT-2 through WT-7, April 1980
7 Standards for C-Z, June 1980
7 Report prepared for Mobay Chemical Corp. "Reflectance Standard: WT-40" Report 128122, December 1981
7 Report prepared for Exxon Research and Engineering Co. "WH-27, WT-41, WR-112" Report 0482025, May 1982
7 Report prepared for Tektronix Industrial Park "WT-42, WH-24, HCL-30" Report 0882057, September 1982
7 Color Standards WT-43 through WT-45, September 1982
7 National Bureau of Standards Transmittance Set 152, April 1978 [1976 Calibration Measurements of NBS Filter Set 152.]
7 Absolute White Measurement: National Research Council -- Hemmendinger Color Laboratory -- National Bureau of Standards, 1974 [Specular data tables of White Color Samples.]
E. Ray Winey Metamers
Scope and Content
Contain a study of the colors produced by Ray Winey. The majority of color here is green, but there are other Winey colors included. The sub-series includes color samples, data sets, charts, graphs, and plots.
Box
7 Color Samples
7 Winey Metameric Greens, Series CL 7639, August 1982
7 Winey Metameric Tans, Series 7032, August 1982
7 Winey Metamers, Data Tables, 1980 1978
7 Neutrals 14646, 14648 adjusted graph, December 1978
7 Set 7 14273, 14445 adjusted, December 1978
7 Set 1 14298, 14433 adjusted, December 1978
7 Set 8 14282, 14447 adjusted, December 1978
7 Winey Metamers: CL7639, CL 7639-H, December 1978
7 Winey Metamers CL7639, CL 7639-G
7 Winey Metamers CL7639, CL7639-F
7 Winey Metamers CL 7639, CL 7639-C
7 Winey Metamers Cl7639, CL7639-E
7 Winey Metamers CL7639, CL7639-B
7 Winey Metamers CL7639, CL7639-D
7 Winey Metamers CL 7639 [adjusted to sample 7639A on D65, 1964 data]
7 Winey Metamers, June 30, 1980 [adjusted to sample 42 on D65, 1964 data]
7 Winey Greens (plots)
7 "Readings on Vinyl Coated Cloth Metamers,"
7 Metameric Greens Source A, Illuminant A, October 1969
7 Metameric Greens Source D, Illuminant D, October 1969
7 Metameric Greens Source D, Illuminant C, October 1969
7 Colorimetric Measurement Metameric Greens Source A
7 Colorimetric Measurement Metameric Greens Source D
7 Measurements of Winey Metameric Greens
7 Polaroids with Indexed Calcite Plate (plots), 1957, 1993, 1955
7 Winey Neutral Metamers, 1980 [Metameric Neutrals; Neutral Samples (Data and Plots)]
7 Various Winey Metamers, 1982 [Winey Tans; Winey Greens; Winey Golds]
F. British Ceramics Research Association Sets (BCRA)
Scope and Content
The subseries focuses on the measurement of three different series of BCRA tiles, Series I, II, and IV. The subseries is comprised almost entirely of various data sets.
Box
7 Shipping Memo: BCRA Tiles on Loan
7 BCRA HCL Series I [Effect of one and Two Nanometers Wavelength Shift]
7 BCRA HCL Series II [BCRA Tiles: Effect of One Nanometer Wavelength Displacement]
7 BCRA HCL Series IV - BCRA Color Measurement Dates, 1982 June-July, January 1981 December
7 BCRA HCL Series IV - BCRA Color Measurement Dates, 1981 October
7 BCRA HCL Series IV - BCRA Color Measurement Dates, 1981 June-July
7 BCRA HCL Series IV - BCRA Color Measurement Dates, 1981 May-June
7 BCRA HCL Series IV - BCRA Color Measurement Dates, 1981 March-May
7 BCRA HCL Series IV - BCRA Color Measurement Dates, 1981 January-February
7 BCRA HCL Series IV - BCRA Color Measurement Dates, 1979 November-1980 March
7 BCRA HCL Series IV - BCRA Color Measurement Dates, 1979 October, August
7 BCRA HCL Series IV - BCRA Color Measurement Dates, 1978 October-November
7 BCRA HCL Series IV - Sample, 1977, 1974
7 BCRA HCL Series IV - Sample HCL, January 1985
7 BCRA HCL Series IV - NBS Measurements of, March 31, 1978
7 BCRA HCL Series IV - Standard HCL, November 1977
7 BCRA HCL Series IV - Color Differences Relative to HCL Average
7 BCRA HCL Series IV - BCRA Light Gray 45/0 Reflectance Factor, February 1978
7 BCRA HCL Series IV - BCRA Reflectance Factor 6/H, March 1978
7 NBS and Hunter Measurements of BCRA Series IV, 1995 1978
7 BCRA Hardy Measurements Single and Duel Calibrate, 1984, 1994
G. Color Measurement Instruments
Scope and Content
Contains a number of reprinted patent applications and approval forms. The patents cover spectrophotometers and color mixture computers, with the earliest patent from 1938; the most recent was approved in 1972. A language note for the publications in this sub-series, one is written entirely in German. Other publications include an instruction manual for a Spectrophotometer, and a number of articles about Reflectometers.
Box
7 Patent #2,107,836, February 8, 1938 "Spectrophotometer," [inventor Orrin Weston Pineo]
7 Patent #2,176,013, October 10, 1939 "Spectrophotometer and Spectrophotometric Analysis and Prediction," [inventor Orrin Weston Pineo]
7 Patent # 2,218,357, October 15, 1940 "Spectrophotometer and Spectrophotometric analysis and prediction," [inventor Orrin Weston Pineo]
7 Canadian Patent office, Patent # 554,170 "Colored Metallic Finish," March 11, 1958 [inventor Verl E. Lusena]
7 Patent #3,032,269, May 1, 1962 "Color Mixture computer," [inventor H.R. Davidson]
7 Patent #3,042,476, July 3, 1962 "Method for Duplicating the Dye of an Original on a Dye Carrier," [inventor Ernst Rohner]
7 Patent Specification #921,290m March 20, 1963 "Improvements in or Relations to Color Mixture Computer,"
7 Patent #3,646,331, February 29, 1972 "Automatic Line Adjustment of Spectrophotometers," [inventor Joseph Samuel Lord, Assignee Kollmorgen Corp.]
7 Kubelka, P. and F. Munk "Ein Beitrag zür Optik der Farbanstriche" Zeitschrift für Technische Physik, No. 11a, 1931
7 Snelling, H.J. "New Applications of Colour Measurement in the Dyeing of Wool" JSDC, December 1947 [transcribed copy]
7 Diano/Hardy Spectrophotometer [letters to Hardy users; Diano/Hardy DTM 1018 Instruction Book]
7 Reflectometers - Drewe, D. "Colour Matching with the Redi-Colour Computing Equipment" reprinted from the International Dyer, September 20, 1968
7 Reflectometers - "Automatic Colour Matching System", Redifon-Astrodata Limited [inserted: correspondence]
7 Reflectometers - RAL Redi-Colour Price List Colour Matching system
7 Reflectometers - Owners of PPF-IDL color-eye instruments
7 Reflectometers - Owners of Spectrophotometers 2pgs
7 Reflectometers - Staff of the Institute of paper chemistry "Instrumentation Studies: XX: A Study of Photoelectric Instruments for the Measurement of Color: Reflectance and Transmittance: Part I. A General Discussion of Color and Color Measurements" reprinted from Paper Trade Journal, October 28, 1937; November 4, 1937
7 Reflectometers - Akker, J.A. Van Den, Morris Aprison and O.H. Olson "Instrumentation Studies: LXV: A Study of Photoelectric Instruments for the Measurement of Color: Reflectance and Transmittance" reprinted from TAPPI Vol. 34 No. 9, September 1951
7 Reflectometers - Akker, J.A. Van Den, Leonard R. Dearth, O. Harry Olson, and Wayne Shillcox, "Instrumentation Studies: LXXVI: A Study of Photoelectric Instruments for the Measurement of Color: Reflectance and Transmittance" reprinted from TAPPI Vol. 35. No. 11, November 1952
7 Reflectometers - Hunter, Richard "Instrumental Methods of Color and Color-Difference Measurement" reprinted from The American Ceramic Society Bulletin Vol. 36 No. 7, July 15 1957
7 Reflectometers - Adams, J.M. "PIRA Survey of Reflectometers: Introduction and Table IV" The Research Association for the Paper & Board Printing & Packaging Industries, August 1967
H. Miscellaneous and Unlabeled Color Data
Scope and Content
Contains the data that could not be matched with a particular series or data set. This sub-series includes a large number of slide transparencies, some with an index, others standing by themselves. The data in this series is largely nondescript, but in some cases it has been labeled.
1. Spectra & λ -- Space
7 Loose slides
7 BCRA Series II Slides
7 Tektronix Slide Index with slides, January 1981
7 "Grassman's Law" Slide Index with slides
7 "OSA" Slide Packet
7 ISC Metamers, Slides C8-C1
2. Slides, Charts, and Plots
7 "Schematic Outline,"
7 Slides Numbered 1, 3-5, 7
7 HCL Standards
7 Integrating Sphere Errors
7 Unlabeled Data Table
7 Standard 14257, July 1982
7 HCL CD Set #5, July 1982
7 Standard 14285, July 12, 1982
7 Standard 14278B, July 13, 1982
7 HCL CD Set #8, July 13, 1982
7 Specular Component Included, Runs 1A-8B, July 28, 1982
7 xyz Table, November 1978
7 xH Table, November 1978
7 BaSO4, UCSC, March 1965
7 x, y, Quadrants in a*, b* Space: D65, 1964