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Wallace Hume Carothers photographs

1915-1925
 Collection
Identifier: 2001-224

Abstract

Wallace Hume Carothers (1896-1937) was chemist and inventor of Neoprene artificial rubber and Nylon synthetic fiber. He worked as a chemist in E.I. du Pont de Nemours & Company's Fundamental Research Program from 1928 until his death in 1937. These items consist of four photographs preserved by Wilko Gustad Machetanz (1895-1973), Carothers's Tarkio College roommate and lifelong friend.

Dates

  • 1915-1925

Creator

Extent

4 item(s)

General Physical Description

4 photographic prints : b&w ; 6 x 6 in. or smaller.

Historical Note

Wallace Hume Carothers (1896-1937) was chemist and inventor of Neoprene artificial rubber and Nylon synthetic fiber. He worked as a chemist in E.I. du Pont de Nemours & Company's Fundamental Research Program from 1928 until his death in 1937. Carothers was educated in the public schools of Des Moines, Iowa; received his Bachelors at Tarkio College in Missouri and a Doctorate in organic chemistry at the University of Illinois. In 1926 he was appointed instructor of organic chemistry at Harvard University. Two years later Carothers was selected to head the research unit in organic chemistry at the DuPont Company.

At DuPont, Carothers work focused on polymerization and the ways in which polymers structurally analogous to cellulose and silk could be prepared. In early 1930 the chemists in Carothers' laboratory produced neoprene (synthetic rubber) and the first laboratory-synthesized fiber. In 1934, still working on polymerization theory, Carothers produced the first polyamide fiber which was later to become known as nylon. During the next two years, Carothers suffered frequent bouts of depression. On April 29, 1937, three weeks after the basic nylon patent application was filed, he committed suicide.

Scope and Contents

Wallace H. Carothers correspondence (Accession 2255), Manuscript and Archives Department, Hagley Museum and Library.

Scope and Content

These items consist of four photographs preserved by Wilko Gustad Machetanz (1895-1973), Carothers's Tarkio College roommate and lifelong friend. There are three candid photographs: one of a college age Carothers with others in an automobile with a Tarkio College pendant and two of Carothers with University of South Dakota colleagues (dated 1922). There is one small studio portrait of Carothers from his college days without a photographer's stamp.

Location

GL Box 1.

Access Restrictions

This collection is open for research.

Language of Materials

English


Additional Information

Related Names

Creator

Finding Aid & Administrative Information

Title:
Wallace Hume Carothers photographs
Status:
Date:
2015
Description rules:
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description:
English
Script of description:
Latin

Repository Details

Repository Details

Part of the Audiovisual Collections Repository

Contact:
PO Box 3630
Wilmington Delaware 19807 USA
302-658-2400