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Stonega, Virginia coal camp photograph

circa 1900
 Collection
Identifier: 1994-251

Abstract

This photograph is of a coal camp in Stonega, Virginia built and operated by the Stonega Coke and Coal Company. The Stonega Coke & Coal Company was a typical large southern Appalachian bituminous coal producer with mines in Virginia and West Virginia. Coal operations and their associated towns, or coal camps, consisted of company-built houses, churches, schools, theatres, dance halls, and even graveyards. The company provided each camp with a doctor, nurse, and hospital.

Dates

  • circa 1900

Creator

Extent

1 item(s)

General Physical Descripton

1 photographic print : b&w ; 7 x 5 in. mounted on board.

Historical Note

The Stonega Coke & Coal Company was a typical large southern Appalachian bituminous coal producer with mines in Virginia and West Virginia. It built nine coal camps near the town of Appalachia, Virginia. These coal camps are representative of the more than 500 coal towns built from the late 1800's to the early 1900's. The building of company towns, or coal camps, began in the 1880's and peaked in the early 1920's. Coal operations and their associated towns consisted of company-built houses, churches, schools, theatres, dance halls, and even graveyards. The company provided each camp with a doctor, nurse, and hospital.

During the 1950's, life changed dramatically for the residents of the coal camps. Economic troubles began and many of the company facilities were dismantled. With the advent of the automobile, the need to live close to work was not as great. As the use of machinery increased, the need for workers decreased. Many moved to Ohio and Indiana to work in the automotive industry. With workers leaving the coal camps, stores, theatres, and everything else began to close. Most of the coal camps are still in existence, but they are now small communities with maybe a church and a small post office.

Scope and Content

This photograph, probably looking towards the Virginia-Kentucky border, shows two roads of camp houses and the company store. Stonega Store No. 2 sign is visible in foreground.

Location

GL Box 2.

Access Restrictions

This collection is open for research.

Related Materials

Stonega Coke and Coal Company, Records 1902-1974, (accession 1765, Part II), Manuscripts and Archives, Hagley Museum and Library.

Language of Materials

English


Additional Information

Related Names

Creator

Finding Aid & Administrative Information

Title:
Stonega, Virginia coal camp photograph
Status:
Date:
2015
Description rules:
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description:
English
Script of description:
Latin

Repository Details

Repository Details

Part of the Audiovisual Collections Repository

Contact:
PO Box 3630
Wilmington Delaware 19807 USA
302-658-2400