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Lanman & Kemp records

Accession 2328

Manuscripts and Archives Department, Hagley Museum and Library


PO Box 3630
Wilmington, Delaware, 19807
302-658-2400
research@hagley.org

This finding aid was produced using the Archivists' Toolkit 2013-06-17T14:55-0400

Finding aid prepared using best local practices and Describing Archives: A Content Standard

Cite items for this collection in the following format:
[Description and dates], Box/folder number, Lanman & Kemp records (Accession 2328), Hagley Museum and Library, Wilmington, DE 19807

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Descriptive Summary

Title: Lanman & Kemp records
Dates: 1840-1925, bulk 1852-1879
Accession Number: 2328
Creator: Lanman & Kemp.
Extent: 40 linear feet
Language of Material: Primarily English. Most of the foreign correspondence is written in Spanish, as well as German, French, and Portuguese, and some English. The two largest files, for Cole and Sidi, are in English.
Repository: Hagley Museum and Library: Manuscripts and Archives Department
Abstract: Lanman & Kemp was a multi-generational family firm of wholesale druggists in New York City. Their records document the operations of the wholesale drug business in the years before the development of modern pharmaceuticals.
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Administrative Information


Provenance

Hagley purchased the Lanman & Kemp collection from a manuscripts dealer, who had purchased it from a philatelist, who wanted the envelopes for their many foreign stamps but had no interest in the letters.

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Historical Note

Lanman & Kemp was founded at 313 Pearl Street in 1808 by Robert J. Murray (d. ca. 1854), a Quaker merchant and member of the family for which Murray Hill is named. His grandfather, Robert Murray (1721-1786) had converted to the Society of Friends in Pennsylvania and with his wife Mary Lindley Murray and brother John Murray (1737-1808) moved to New York in 1753. The Murrays became extremely wealthy as merchants during the boom that accompanied the Seven Years War but were tainted by Toryism after the Revolution. Lindley Murray (1745-1826), who returned to England and became famous as a grammarian, was Robert J. Murray's uncle. His father, John Murray, Jr. (1758-1819) remained in New York as a merchant and was active in Quaker affairs, including abolition and the care of the poor.

Robert J. Murray was also active in charitable pursuits and appears to have retired from active business in the late 1820s. He was succeeded by his brother Lindley Murray (ca. 1790-1847). In 1835, Lindley Murray took David Trumbull Lanman (1802-1866) as a partner under the name of Murray & Lanman at 69 Water Street. Lanman was the son of Peter Lanman (1741-1854) and Abigail Trumbull Lanman (b. 1781) of a distinguished, Norwich, Conn., family. His uncle, James Lanman (1767-1841) was a Congressman and Mayor of Norwich., and his brother Joseph Lanman (1811-1874) became a rear admiral. On his mother's side, he was a descendant of John and Priscilla Alden of Plymouth Colony, the great-grandson of Colonial Governor Jonathan Trumbull (1710-1785), and grand-nephew of the artist John Trumbull (1756-1843).

Lindley Murray died in 1847, and the business was continued at the same address by Lanman alone until about 1853, when George Kemp, a young Irish immigrant, was admitted to the partnership under the style of David T. Lanman & Co. Kemp and his five siblings had been brought to the U.S. by his widowed mother in the 1830s or early 1840s. The firm became D.T. Lanman & Kemp in 1858 and Lanman & Kemp in 1861. Lanman died in 1866, but the business was continued by George Kemp, his brother Edward (ca. 1830-1901), and his sons Edward and William under the old name. It was incorporated as Lanman & Kemp, Inc., in 1920 and moved to suburban New Jersey in 1957. Several of Lanman & Kemp's traditional products are still produced and marketed by Lanman & Kemp-Barclay & Co., Inc. in 2006.

Lanman & Kemp engaged in the wholesale drug trade, buying and selling materia medica throughout the United States and worldwide. They sold their own patent medicines as well as those of other producers. Their most popular product was "Florida water," an all-purpose toilet water touted for cosmetic and restorative qualities, its name associated with Ponce de Leon and the Fountain of Youth in company advertising. Florida water was introduced by Robert Murrary on February 14, 1808 and is still sold under its original brand. Lanman & Kemp also dealt in opiates, medicinal and culinary herbs, spices, liquors, flavorings and perfumery extracts, paint and pigments, medical apparatus and glassware. In addition, they acted as purchasing agents for overseas clients and traded in retail shop fixtures, books, guns, harness, and sewing machines.

Lanman & Kemp enjoyed a very large export and re-export business, particularly with Latin America, where David Lanman had traveled and retained a wide circle of correspondents. The firm employed traveling agents who covered the territory, taking orders, and also took direct orders by mail. The firm was also a large importer of raw materials from Southeast Asia and the Mediterranean, particularly opium bought through Turkish merchants. This import-export business was financed through London banking houses.

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Scope and Content

The records of Lanman & Kemp document the operations of the wholesale drug business in the years before the development of modern pharmaceuticals. They also show the importance of New York City as a center for the import, export and re-export business and of London bankers in financing international trade and extending credit.

The collection is very rich for students of business history. Domestically, Lanman & Kemp's correspondence with other United States firms in the 1850s-1870s demonstrates the wholesale trade in drugs and chemicals, especially in New York City; the relationship of New York firms with small-town retailers. In terms of foreign trade, the collection highlights trade connections between New York and the rest of the world. There is much material with which to study banking and credit history, as the archives contain letters both from large banking firms and from countless small businessmen requesting credit or authorizing bank draughts. Businessmen in South America sometimes paid their bills with local produce, especially hides and coffee. Drug retailers in South and Central America can be studied through the letters, which often contain ornate letterhead describing what the store sold, discussions by the writers of their business experiences, and detailed orders naming many of the items required to stock a pharmacy. The large number of letters can also shed light on the material culture of international business: stationery, especially decorative letterhead and mourning stationery, and the use of formal business language. Long, sustained runs of telegraphic correspondence, especially between Lanman & Kemp and bankers in London or merchants in the Middle East, demonstrate the growing importance of telegraphy in the mid-nineteenth century. Many of the telegrams are written in code. Most of the letters are dated by the sender and by Lanman & Kemp, indicating when it was received; this can be used to calculate the time required to send international letters by steamers during this period. There is also evidence of Lanman & Kemp's forays into advertising: records of advertisements in foreign newspapers, and a few trade cards and newspaper advertisements are included.

The nature of the Lanman & Kemp business indicates the collection's use for medical history. Thousands of different drugs are mentioned in orders, from simple herbals such as arnica to chemicals such as gold nitrate, as well as preparations such as litargirio and opodeldoc. Many correspondents also request specific medical equipment and tools, and supplies such as bandages, glassware, etc. These letters can give an idea of the medical preparations in demand in South America, and the nature of medical practice and pharmacology in large cities such as Havana as well as tiny towns in Mexico and Colombia. There are some records of orders from North American druggists as well, although generally the letters are not as detailed. Letters for New York State and Wisconsin are particularly rich. The domestic correspondence also suggests the intense activity in pharmaceutical merchandising in New York City and in trade with the United States hinterland.

Certain specific commodities can be studied with this collection. This collection contains much information on the manufacture, international trade, and sale of opium. Lanman & Kemp purchased opium, mostly in Turkey, and sold it around the world; it was one of the firm's most popular items. Lanman & Kemp were also heavily involved in "patent" or proprietary medicines: the firm sold its own trademarked preparations (Florida water, sarsaparilla, worm pills, chest medicine) along with those of other American and European companies. The firm bought raw materials (spices, extracts, gums and resins) in India, Southeast Asia, and France, either to use to manufacture its own preparations or simply to trade.

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Arrangement

Correspondence is alphabetized by the firm name. In case of changes to the firm name, the file was alphabetized according to the first chronological name represented. Names with prefixes, such as "De" or "De La," are alphabetized by the primary name if the individual used spaces in spelling his own name in his signature or letterhead.

Example: Delapierre filed under D, de la Pierre filed under P.

The exception is names beginning with Van, which were all filed in V.

Foreign language firm names were used, such as Gomez y Hermanos. However, place names were Anglicized and modernized (for instance, Colombia instead of Republic of New Granada).

Miscellaneous documents (and groups of less than 5 documents related to a single firm or individual) were placed in Miscellaneous files. In the Foreign Correspondence, the miscellaneous documents are grouped alphabetically: for example, AB miscellaneous, AC miscellaneous, and so on. In the Domestic Correspondence, miscellaneous documents are grouped by state (for example, Florida miscellaneous), with a separate category for the very numerous documents from New York City (filed separately from New York State miscellaneous). It is recommended that scholars studying a particular firm in detail look through the relevant miscellaneous files, since scattered documents may also be found there. Miscellaneous folders are not alphabetized or placed in chronological order; any content lists may be incomplete.

Researchers interested in drugs and pharmaceuticals should note the Excel document, "L&K drug substances," which provides a fairly complete listing of common Lanman & Kemp products, with names in English and Spanish and a brief definition.

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Series Descriptions and Inventory

I. Foreign Correspondence, 1853-1879
33 linear feet
Scope and Content
Within this correspondence, the two largest files are for the London banking firm of William Henry Cole (4,222 items) and the Smyrna opium merchant Alexander Sidi (1,231 items). The majority of the foreign correspondence consists of folders with fewer than 25 items. However, many of these folders contain detailed orders that shed light on the foreign drug business, and on the nature of drug retailing in South and Central America. Many of the orders contained in letters from South and Central America are very detailed for everything needed to stock a drugstore.
Box
1 Abascol-AN misc
Box
1 Aaron & Co., Kingston, Jamaica, January-February 1865 [Request to initiate business with Lanman & Kemp] ; 2 items
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1 Abascol, Havana, Cuba, September 30, 1868 [Receipts from warehouse: "Almacenes de Deposito de San Telmo" January 1868-December 1869. "Almacenes de Deposito del Chorro"] ; 22 items
Box
1 Abella, E. E. Guatemala, January 1861-May 1865 [Business correspondence and several detailed orders from E.E. Abella, for himself and other agents in Guatemala, to the New York offices] ; 42 items
Box
1 Abello, Tomas R. / Abello & Sons, Santa Marta, Colombia [Business letters, printed announcements, and detailed orders from Tomas R] ; 21 items
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1 Abello and others, to the New York offices, September 1851-August 1874
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1 Abrahams, E. H. Porto Belo, Aspinwall, and Bocas del Toro, Colombia, September 1855-December 1860; January 1861-July 1863 [Business letters and orders from E. and H. Abrahams for themselves or other agents in Colombia] ; 124 items 2 folders
Box
1 AB miscellanous, 1866-1879 [Miscellaneous letters to initiate trading, offer services as a salesperson, etc] ; 11 items
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1 Acharan, Goicochea Y Cie, Trujillo, Peru, May 1873-Dec 1874; January 1875-Dec 1876; January 1877-Dec 1879 [Business letters, orders, and shipping documents for Acharan and other agents in Peru. Orders contain many non-drug items, notably large quantities of lamps, guns, watches, etc., and monthly shipments of opium. The letters also mention dealings with firms in London and Liverpool (WH Cole & Co.). Alcharan sold goods in Peru on consignment from L&K. All items in Spanish except for four bills of lading from 1879 in English] ; 183 items 3 folders
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1 Achiardi, Pedro, Bogota, Colombia [Business letters and orders. This firm notably requests most of the products] ; 7 items
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1 packaged in large cans or bottles, November 1877-August 1879
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1 AC miscellaneous, 1857-1877 [Miscellaneous letters to initiate trading, detailed orders] ; 13 items
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1 AD & AE miscellaneous, 1855-1877 [Miscellaneous business letters, bill of exchange, orders. Contains correspondence in regard to advertisements placed by L&K in the St. Kitt's Advertiser newspaper in 1864] ; 19 items
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1 Agard, Palacio Y Cia, Havana, Cuba, May 1869-December 1877 [Business correspondence] ; 7 items
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1 Aguayo, Jose M., Cienfuegos, Cuba, August 1853-December 1863 [Business correspondence and many detailed orders] ; 40 items
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1 Aguiar Hermanos, Valparaiso, Chile, December 1867-July 1873 [Business correspondence Firm ordered mostly Florida water] ; 38 items
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1 D'Aguiar, Candido A. P., Bahia, Brazil, August 1873-November 1879 [Business correspondence and orders] ; 16 items
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1 Aguiar, Guillermo P., Paris, France, December 1874-September 1877 [Business correspondence and one Western Union telegram blank, partially filled] ; 7 items
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1 Aguilar, F. M., Mayagüez, Puerto Rico, December 1854?-April 1866 [Business correspondence and detailed orders. Letters describe difficulties with cargos and payments between the two firms] ; 19 items
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1 Aguilar, Luis Amado, Leon, Nicaragua, June 1874-June 1879 [Detailed business correspondence and detailed orders. Gives information about local prices and economic conditions in Nicaragua. Some conflict about shipments not received, etc. Asks for custom-printed labels with the name of their pharmacy on them, and also orders some non-pharmacy goods through L&K (such as sewing machine, books, etc.)] ; 22 items
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1 Aguilero, Cayetano, Havana, Cuba, March 1860-May 1864 [Detailed business correspondence and detailed orders] ; 23 items
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1 Aguirre & Compaña, Neiva, Colombia, April 1874-Oct 1879 [Detailed business correspondence and orders] ; 38 items
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1 Adolgo Aguirre & Ca., Cochabamba, Bolivia, February 1874-December 1876 [Business correspondence and detailed orders. Includes information about Aguirre & Ca. purchasing another drugstore, whose previous owners also ordered from L&K. Includes drawing (very delicate, in ink) of a small press (like a mimeograph) requested by the firm.Another drawing (in ink and pencil) on the back of an order, showing a machine, captioned "Cyclinder of steel to stretch metal irons/plates - copper, etc. Diameter of six centimeters. Height of nine centimeters outside of the pegs"] ; 16 items
Box
1 AG miscellaneous, 1871-1879 [Miscellanous business correspondence] ; 31 items
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1 Alacan, José Prajedes, Havana, Cuba, December 1860-1870 [Business correspondence and detailed orders. Alcalan was affiliated with the Botica de San Ysidro in Havana, apparently sold goods on consigment for L&K, and also recommended friends for positions as agents with the company] ; 13 items
Box
1 Albarracin, José, Callao, Peru, October 1867-Nov 1870; January 1871-October 1874 [Extensive business correspondence concerned with prices, quality, and shipment of opium, with only occasional orders of Florida water and other items. Letters discuss the retail market for opium in Peru and the opium supplied by other companies] ; 92 items 2 folders
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1 Albertini, Dr. Port-au-Prince, Haiti, December? 1863-March 1864 [Business correspondence and orders] ; 8 items
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1 Alcantara, C., y Hijos, Caracas, Venezuala, August 1860-March 1873 [Business correspondence and detailed orders. Alcantara owns two Boticas in Caracas. Includes orders for dental and surgical equipment. Mentions war and disruptions of trade, currency difficulties] ; 72 items
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1 Aldancin y Cummings, Ciefuegos, Cuba, January 1866-August 1875 [Business correspondence and orders. Aldancin & Cummings had been buying opium from another agent, but a ship captain recommended that they trade with Lanman & Kemp. Mostly traded in opium] ; 20 items
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1 Aldecoa Hermanos, Guyana and Arroyo, Puerto Rico, January 1866-August 1875 [Firms seems to be involved in banking - collecting and remitting drafts for L&K and collecting commision on each transaction. Mentions currency difficulties (the necessity of stipulating 'US currency in gold or its equivalent' to avoid being paid in silver and losing in the exchange)] ; 28 items
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1 Aleman y Salazar, Leon, Nicaragua, January 1879-December 1879 [Business correspondence and orders. Contains a preprinted Spanish-language L&K order form ("Se pide á los Señores Lanman y Kemp de Nueva York enviar, en primera oportunidad, los efectos siguientes".) and Spanish-language L&K letterhead showing the New York office building] ; 12 items
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1 Alexander, Thaddeus, Kingston, Jamaica, November 1867-January 1869 [Business correspondence and orders. Complaints about prices, good, and shipping] ; 15 items
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1 Alfaro, J. Dent y Cia, San Jose, Puerto Rico, January 1876-December 1879 [Business correspondence and orders. Firm sent coffee to L&K in exchange for drugs and other goods (flour, fabric, axes)] ; 16 items
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1 Alfaro, V y Cia, Panamá, December 1871-March 1878 [Business correspondence "Comisionistas i Trasportadores". Includes correspondence from severally named firms: V. Alfaro y Cia (July 1872-September 1872). Elroy Alfaro y Cia (December 1871-June 1873). Alfaro Hermanos (February 1877-March 1878). The letters do not mention firm name changes or composition] ; 8 items
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1 Alfonzo, Felix S, Arecibo, Puerto Rico, May 1857-April 1875 [Business correspondence and detailed orders. Mentions local prices for drugs. Alfonso had a pharmacy and created his own preparations, including Agua de Venus for freckles and skin blemishes and Linimento Antireumatico Balsamo. Alfonzo ordered custom labels for his preparations and Latin labels for the ordinary pharmaceutical products in his shop. He also advertised the products he sold; the file contains handwritten text for a ad for Agua de Venus and a printed handbill for "Opodeldoc Quimico del Doctor Steero"] ; 106 items
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1 Allen, Henry Jr., Yokohama, Japan, September 1874-October 1879 [Allen took over a consignment of L&K goods and began selling them in Yokohama. Mainly sold Florida water, bottled sarsaparilla, and Bristol pills; considered selling sewing machines. Offers advice about what will sell to "the natives" in the Yokohama market. In 1879, sales of sarasaparilla were hurt when the Japanese government forbade the sale of patent medicines without the formula printed in Japanese on the label] ; 28 items
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1 Almaguez, J. M. G. Holguin, Cuba, April 1861-December 1867 [Business correspondence This firm seems to have managed publication of print ads or some other kind of publicity for L&K in Cuba] ; 12 items
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1 Aloisi y Foretti, La Paz, Bolivia, September 1867-February 1869 [Business correspondence and orders. Complaints about broken merchandise] ; 7 items
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1 Aloisi, Carlos, La Paz, Bolivia [Detailed business correspondence and orders. Aloisi gives details of his history and travels from his native Italy to Bolivia. Possibly related to Aloisi y Foretti (Carlos Aloisi papers are 1863-1879; Aloisi y Foretti are 1867-1869, both in La Paz)] ; 44 items
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1 Alsop & Company, Valparaiso, Chile, October 1851-June 1862; January 1863-October 1868 [Business correspondence Firm sold goods on consignment for L&K, and also collected and remitted drafts from local business to L&K. Mentions difficulty collecting on some debts due to bankruptcy, etc. Reports on changing demand for Florida water and other L&K products in the local market. Newspaper clipping, "Precio Corriente por Mayor. Lima, Setiembre 11 de 1859". Long list (printed in English and in Spanish) of prices for various goods. Landing certificate of goods and bills of exchange. Many duplicate copies of letters] ; 157 items 2 folders
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1 Alty, J. D., Georgetown, Demerara (British Guiana), April 1863-December 1876; January 1863-October 1868 [Business correspondence and orders. Firm sold goods on consignment for L&K. Discusses difficulty of shipping and customs. "Our friends have found it more advantageous to ship the cases independent of the formalities of the custom house". Ordered seeds from L&K - fruits, vegetables, flowers and herbs - as well as pharmacy products and some opium. Also requested L&K to order a piece of custom machinery used in bottling soda water. Complaints about merchandise - the chloroform 'turned,' short counts on cases of Florida water, etc. On the opium: "We opened a pound tin and the quality seems fair but hardly good or soft enough for the Chinese trade". Customs difficulty in shipping opium back to L&K] ; 102 items 2 folders
Box
1 Alvarez, Franco., Punta Arenas, Puerto Rico, July 1871-May 1873 [Business correspondence and orders. Dr. Franco owned a pharmacy in Punta Arenas and ordered products and personalized labels. Gives information on prices] ; 11 items
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1 Alvarez, F., Granada, Nicaragua, September 1877-December 1879 [Business correspondence and detailed orders. Discusses business conditions in Nicaragua] ; 15 items
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1 Alvarez, Lorenzo, Havana, Cuba, December 1870-September 1876 [Business correspondence Letterhead for "El Palo Gordo y Borla de Lorenzo Alvarez y Cia. - Hardware, Furniture, and Pawn Shop". In later letterhead it's just "El Palo Gordo". Two items from Alvarez y Alvarez, Importadores Comisionistas (card advertises "Queso Gruyere, Lembergo, Port du Salud, Aceite de Carbon, Conac, Vinos, Licores & Neveras"). They were interested in purchasing opium. Items from Alvarez y Alvarez in English] ; 7 items
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1 Alzamora H., J., Barranquila, Colombia, November1877-December 1879 [Business correspondence Sold L&K goods on commision] ; 7 items
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1 Alzamora, Manuel, Lima, Peru, February 1858-October 1861 [Detailed business correspondence and orders] ; 8 items
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1 AL miscellaneous. [Business correspondence from various firms] ; 96 items
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1 Amador Guerrero Hermanos. Panama, August 1870-July 1879 [Business correspondence and detailed orders] ; 140 items 2 folders
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1 Amaral, Santo y Cie, Buenos Aires, Argentina, July 1870-April 1871 [Business correspondence and orders] ; 10 items
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1 Amell, Julia y Cie, Aguadilla, Puerto Rico, February 1857-March 1878 [Business correspondence and orders] ; 73 items
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1 Ametis, Francisco, Callao, Peru, April 1861-June 1879 [Business correspondence and orders. Ametis operated the Botica Italiana de la Mision. Also letters from Ametis in Italy] ; 33 items
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1 AM miscellaneous. [Business correspondence from various firms] ; 22 items
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1 Anglada, Benito and Vilárdell, Puerto Principe (Camagüey), Cuba, January 1859-March 1863 [Business correspondence and orders] ; 8 items
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1 Angulo, Daniel, Sonsonate, El Salvador, November 1865-October 1879 [Business correspondence and orders] ; 68 items
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1 Anthes, Leighton & Co. Valparaiso, Chile, June 1877-March 1879 [Operated Drogueria y Botica de la Estacion del Puerto in Valparaiso. Business correspondence and orders] ; 11 items
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1 Antrobus & Co., Bombay, India, August 1872-April 1877 [Late Rennie, Scovell & Co". Business correspondence and orders] ; 16 items
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1 Anwandter, Jorge, Chillan, Chile, July 1866-July 1876 [Business correspondence and orders] ; 11 items
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1 AN miscellanous [Business correspondence from various firms] ; 34 items
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2 Arango-Basora
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2 Arango, Castillo y Cia, Nuevitas, Cuba, February 1860-July 1864 [Business correspondence and orders] ; 17 items
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2 Aranjo y Cia, Maracaibo, Venezuela, December 1859-November 1863; February 1864-November 1877 [Business correspondence and orders] ; 98 items 2 folders
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2 Arévalo, Salvador. Guatemala, December 1862-July 1866 [Business correspondence, orders, advertisements] ; 64 items
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2 Arce, José L. Quibdó, Colombia and Cadiz, October 1854-October 1869 [Business correspondence] ; 29 items
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2 Archer Brothers & Co. Basseterre, St Kitts, May 1879-October 1879 [Business correspondence] ; 7 items
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2 Argilagos, Francisco. Barranquilla, Colombia, also Rio Hacha and Puerto Principe, February 1878-December 1879 [Business correspondence and orders] ; 15 items
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2 Argüello, Marcelino. San Miguel, El Salvador, July 1871-December 1879 [Business correspondence, orders, advertisements and samples] ; 63 items
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2 Ariansen, T. Arequípa, Peru, August 1860-May 1868 [Business correspondence and orders. Includes illustrations of items desired (scales, lamps, display cases)] ; 10 items
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2 Armet de Lisle et Cie. Paris, France, January 1868-December 1877; March 1878-December 1879 [Business correspondence and orders] ; 146 items 2 folders
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2 Arnaud, F. Orizaba, Mexico, November 1865-April 1878 [Business correspondence and orders] ; 10 items
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2 Arnhold Karberg & Co, Hong Kong, May 1877-December 1879 [Business correspondence. Firm retained to purchase oils in Asia for L&K. Reports on availability, prices, and market conditions]
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2 Arosemena Hermanos. Panama, May 1860-August 1878 [Business correspondence and orders] ; 11 items
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2 Arrazola, Miguel. Puerto de la Libertad, El Salvador, September 1864-January 1871 [Business correspondence and orders] ; 12 items
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2 Arrioja, Joaquin. Puebla, Mexico, June 1858-November 1865; May 1866-November 1879 [Business correspondence and detailed orders] ; 115 items 2 folders
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2 Arsonneau, A. Port-au-Prince, Haiti, May 1872-January 1877 [Business correspondence and orders] ; 7 items
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2 Arteaga, Francisco. Puerto Plata, Dominican Republic, October 1875-March 1877 [Business correspondence and orders. Advertisement for Dr. M. R. Silva's Botica la Malvina in Puerto Plata] ; 6 items
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2 Artiz, Garcia y Justo. Havana, Cuba, January 1863-May 1877 [Business correspondence] ; 48 items
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2 Artis, Francisco and Mariano. Matanzas, Cuba, May 1858-December 1879 [Business correspondence and detailed orders. Drogueria y Farmacia Central/ Drogueria Central, Matanzas] ; 94 items
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2 AR miscellaneous. [Business correspondence and orders. Various firms] ; 70 items
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2 AS miscellaneous. [Business correspondence Various firms] ; 10 items
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2 Atkinson & Tilton. Calcutta, India, July 1974-December 1874; January 1875-August 1875; September 1875-May 1876; June 1876-July 1877 [Business correspondence Detailed letters discuss the Indian shellac trade and the local market conditions for various L&K products] ; 188 items 4 folders
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2 AT miscellaneous. [Business correspondence Various firms] ; 11 items
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2 Auvray, P. E. Kingston, Jamiaca, June 1865-November 1879 [Detailed business correspondence and orders] ; 99 items
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2 AU miscellaneous. [Business correspondence Various firms] ; 18 items
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2 Avery, Brown & Co. Halifax, Nova Scotia, April 1872-August 1877 [Business correspondence and orders. "Wholesale Druggists". Letterhead contains directory of "Business Men of Halifax" with advertisements]
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2 AV miscellaneous. [Business correspondence and orders. Various firms] ; 23 items
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2 AY miscellaneous. [Business correspondence and orders. Various firms] ; 5 items
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2 D'Azevedo, Manoel Francisco. Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, March 1872-November 1874 [Business correspondence and orders] ; 11 items
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2 Aznar, Tomas y Cia. Campeche, Mexico, May 1878-September 1878 [Business correspondence and detailed orders] ; 6 items
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2 AZ miscellaneous. [Business correspondence and detailed orders. Various firms] ; 9 items
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2 Babel y Cotto. San Juan, Puerto Rico, December 1852-January 1858 [Business correspondence and detailed orders] ; 33 items
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2 Babel, Tomas. San Juan, Puerto Rico, April 1858-March 1861 [Business correspondence One letter undated] ; 6 items
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2 Bacardi y Bouteiller. Santiago, Cuba, September 1869-September 1874 [Business correspondence] ; 48 items
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2 Bacardi y Cia. Santiago, Cuba, March 1875-April 1879 [Business correspondence Uses re-stamped letterhead from Bacardi y Bouteiller (probably same firm with name change)] ; 25 items
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2 Bacardi, Magin y Cia. Santiago, Cuba, May 1861-April 1878 [Business correspondence and orders. Relationship with Bacardi y Bouteiller and Bacardi y Cia firms (also of Santiago) unknown] ; 104 items
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2 Baller, Ferdinand & Co. Messina, Italy, January 1868-March 1872; June 1872-September 1879 [Business correspondence and orders] ; 107 items 2 folders
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2 Barbe, Immanuel. Jacmel, Haiti, December 1873-December 1877 [Business correspondence and orders] ; 10 items
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2 Barbora, Manuel Alvas. Pernambuco, Brazil, May 1868-November 1879 [Business correspondence and orders]
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2 Barclay, George C. London and various, January 1861-October 1869 [Detailed business correspondence] ; 23 items
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2 Barclay & Sons. London, August 1872-January 1879 [Business correspondence] ; 7 items
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2 Barnet, Joaquin. Matanzas, Cuba, August 1871-November 1872 [Business correspondence and orders. Botica y Drogueria del Dr Joaquin Barnet] ; 9 items
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2 Barreto, L. Bogota, Colombia, February 1874-December 1878 [Business correspondence and orders. "Botica del Dr. L. Barreto"] ; 10 items
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2 Barreto, Juan Ruiz. Cardenas, Cuba, February 1860-May 1862 [Business correspondence and orders] ; 5 items
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2 Barrinat, Francisco J. Cardenas, Cuba, November 1852-September 1879 [Business correspondence and orders] ; 25 items
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2 de Barros, Francisco. Bahia, Brazil, February 1878-December 1879 [Business correspondence and orders] ; 6 items
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2 de Barruel, A. y Cia. Gray Town, Nicaragua, January 1851-November 1851 [Business correspondence and orders] ; 7 items
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2 Barthold, Edmund and Co. Montevideo, Uruguay, August 1858-May 1877 [Business correspondence Barthold & Co. sold goods on consignment for L&K] ; 32 items
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2 Bartholomeo & Ca. Pernambuco, Brazil, November 1869-December 1873; January 1874-December 1879 [Business correspondence and orders] ; 77 items 2 folders
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2 Barrios Hermanos. Santiago, Chile, January 1859-June 1873 [Business correspondence and orders] ; 6 items
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2 Basora, Federico. Mayagüey, Puerto Rico, July 1873-October 1879 [Business correspondence and detailed orders. Contains advertising and printing samples] ; 65 items
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3 Basset-Bourgard
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3 de Basset, Viuda y Ca. Havana, Cuba, April 1854-December 1873; January 1874-October 1874 [Business correspondence and orders] ; 85 items 2 folders
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3 Basso Hermanos y Piaggio. Callao y Genova, Peru, Septembe 1873-April 1879 [Business correspondence and orders] ; 36 items
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3 Bayley, John P. Buenos Aires, Argentina, May 1865-December 1866 [Business correspondence and orders] ; 9 items
Box
3 Baz, Ignacio. Mexico, September 1853-July 1866 [Business correspondence and orders] ; 58 items
Box
3 Bazan, Josefa. Cojutepeque, El Salvador, September 1871-November 1879 [Business correspondence and orders] ; 70 items
Box
3 BA miscellaneous. [Business correspondence and orders. Various firms. (Folders 1 and 2)] ; 124 items 2 folders
Box
3 Beckwith, Henry B. St. Georges, Grenada, September 1864-August 1875 [Business correspondence] ; 7 items
Box
3 Beichmann & Faiti. Trinidad, January 1860-February 1863 [Business correspondence Beichmann & Faiti sold goods on consigment for L&K] ; 6 items
Box
3 Beilby & Scott. Sydney, New South Wales, August 1867-June 1875 [Business correspondence and orders] ; 28 items
Box
3 Beirão, M. & Ca. Pará (Belem), Brazil, June 1879-December 1879 [Business correspondence and orders] ; 6 items
Box
3 Beguerisse. Puebla, Mexico, July 1855-December 1879 [Business correspondence and orders. "Botica de Nuestra Señora de Guadalupe" and "Botica Guadalupana y Drogeria Francesa". Business names include Beguerisse y Hermano, Santiago Beguerisse, and Pedro Beguerisse. Includes photo of the drugstore in Puebla] ; 52 items
Box
3 Behnmeyer & Co. Singapore, July 1868-December 1879 [Business correspondence Reports on business conditions in Singapore] ; 11 items
Box
3 Bellido, Matias. Lima, Peru, September 1860-August 1866 [Business correspondence and detailed orders. "Botica de la Consepcion"] ; 6 items
Box
3 Bello, J. Mariano. Vera Cruz, Mexico, October 1864-August 1866 [Business correspondence] ; 5 items
Box
3 Bello, Manuel C. Cartagena, Colombia, July 1859-May 1865 [Business correspondence and orders. Firm ordered non-drug items such as lamps. Order includes samples] ; 6 items
Box
3 Benito y Ca. Guatemala, March 1861-December 1879 [Business correspondence and orders. Letters also signed "Pio Benito"] ; 36 items
Box
3 Bensusan. Cadiz, Manchester, and Gibraltar, February 1875-September 1879 [Business correspondence Letters from "A.J. Bensusan," Cadiz; "B. Bensusan," Manchester; and "Bensusan Brothers," Gibraltar. The relation between these firms is unclear] ; 17 items
Box
3 Bercke, Alexander. Hamburg, Germany, January 1875-August 1878 [Business correspondence] ; 11 items
Box
3 Berens, Henry and A. Birmingham, England, March 1868-May 1877 [Business correspondence and orders. Berens appeared to have ordered goods from L&K and sold them on consignment to other dealers worldwide] ; 13 items
Box
3 Bergasse, H. & Co. Marseilles, France, January 1868-July 1875 [Business correspondence Firm exchanged goods with L&K (sent cream of tarter in return for opium and other L&K goods)] ; 10 items
Box
3 Berjeron, D. Jacmel, Haiti, November 1864-April 1868 [Business correspondence] ; 6 items
Box
3 Berkley & Taylor. Brisbane, Australia, May 1871-December 1878 [Business correspondence Sold goods on consignment for L&K] ; 17 items
Box
3 Bermudez, José. San Juan, Puerto Rico, June 1858-October 1877 [Business correspondence and orders] ; 33 items
Box
3 Bermudian, The. Hamilton, Bermuda, July 1863-December 1868 [Business correspondence Concerns L&K advertisements/notices in the paper] ; 6 items
Box
3 Bernard-Escoffier Fils. Grasse, France, June 1869-June 1879 [Business correspondence Supplied L&K with floral essences] ; 16 items
Box
3 Bernhard e Hijos. Amapala, Honduras, March 1874-January 1878 [Business correspondence and detailed orders] ; 22 items
Box
3 Bernharth, J. G. Le Havre, France, July 1878-October 1878 [Business correspondence] ; 5 items
Box
3 Bernier, Dr. D. Jacmel, Haiti, February 1860-January 1874 [Business correspondence and orders. Last 2 letters are signed 'Bernier Fils.'] ; 24 items
Box
3 Bernoulli, Dr. Gustavo. Retalulen, Guatemala, July 1872-September 1879 [Business correspondence and orders] ; 45 items
Box
3 Berron, Eduardo. Campeche, Mexico, March 1874-November 1879 [Business correspondence and orders] ; 49 items
Box
3 Bertholin, A. Guatemala, August 1871-October 1876 [Business correspondence and orders] ; 10 items
Box
3 Bertora, Andres. Paiti, Peru, December 1871-March 1878 [Business correspondence and orders. Bertora's cards and letterhead read, respectively, "Comisionista" and "Ship's Chandler"] ; 44 items
Box
3 Bertrand Brothers. Grasse and Gonaives, France, June 1868-May 1878 [Business correspondence Firm supplied floral essences and oils to L&K] ; 11 items
Box
3 Bessler, Waechter & Co. Newcastle and Liverpool, England, June 1872-December 1873 [Business correspondence Reports on the local chemical market] ; 44 items
Box
3 BE miscellaneous. [Business correspondence and orders.]
Box
3 Binardell, J. L. Mayagüez, Puerto Rico, July 1878-December 1879 [Business correspondence and detailed orders] ; 10 items
Box
3 Binninger, Byron. Shanghai and New York, September 1867-March 1870 [Business correspondence Sold L&K goods on consignment. Information about Chinese market conditions] ; 18 items
Box
3 Birmingham, Hermann & Co. Panama, January 1860-April 1863 [Business correspondence and orders. Firm made L&K orders through traveling agent] ; 29 items
Box
3 Bittner, F. L. Brünn, Austria, September 1867-October 1879 [Business correspondence] ; 13 items
Box
3 BI miscellaneous. [Business correspondence Various]
Box
3 Blanco, Jacobo. Cardenas, Cuba, September 1861-February 1870 [Business correspondence] ; 30 items
Box
3 Blanco y Trigueros. San Salvador, September 1871-January 1880 [Business correspondence and orders. Relation to other Blanco firms (see below) is unclear] ; 64 items
Box
3 Blanco miscellaneous., 1855-1877 [Business correspondence and orders. Includes firms: Blanco, Trigueros y Marcenaro; Blanco y Gonzalez; P.D. Blanco; M.B. Blanco; and Juan B. Blanco. Relations among these firms is unclear] ; 14 items
Box
3 Blohm & Co. Maracaibo, Venezuela, February 1871-June 1878 [Business correspondence Includes firms: Blohm, Bergmann & Co.; Blohm, Mecklenberg & Co.; and Blohm & Co] ; 14 items
Box
3 BL miscellaneous. [Business correspondence Various]
Box
3 Bonas Hermanos y Cia. Lima, Peru, December 1864-April 1873 [Business correspondence] ; 20 items
Box
3 Bonilla, J. Rivas, Nicaragua, August 1868-August 1873 [Business correspondence] ; 17 items
Box
3 Borbúa Cervera & Cia. Colon, Argentina, October 1870-May 1872 [Business correspondence and detailed orders] ; 16 items
Box
3 Borda y Ca. Mayagüez, Puerto Rico, June 1877-May 1879 [Business correspondence and orders; also clippings from "Revista Quincenal Mercantil" with shipping news. Letterhead carries various firm names, but all signed with "Borda y Ca"] ; 46 items
Box
3 Borda, Leopoldo. Bogota, Colombia, June 1853-March 1862 [Business correspondence and orders] ; 38 items
Box
3 Borda, W. Paris, France, October 1876-November 1877 [Business correspondence Uses some of the same letterhead as Borda y Ca (see above), but filed by L&K as "W. Borda"] ; 5 items
Box
3 Bottino, Luis Carlos. Santiago, Cuba, July 1865-November 1875; March 1876-December 1878; May 1869-March 1871; February 1879-July 1879 [Business correspondence and detailed orders, also advertising clippings. "Drogueria del Comercio". Also 5 letters and orders from Bottino Lacavalerie, also of Santiago] ; 108 items 3 folders
Box
3 Borrell Hermanos. Madrid and Barcelona, Spain, May 1865-October 1874 [Business correspondence] ; 6 items
Box
3 Bossio, Bartolomé Martinez. Cartagena, Colombia, October 1867-November 1876 [Business correspondence] ; 8 items
Box
3 Bouineau, Augusto. San Salvador, September 1871-October 1874 [Business correspondence] ; 14 items
Box
3 Boulton & Co. Puerto Cabello, Venezuela, April 1858-November 1860; January 1861; February 1861-December 1864; January 1877-December 1879 [Business correspondence and orders. Several related firms. Folder 1 contains announcement of the dissolution of Boulton Sons & Co and Boulton Bliss and the formation of Boulton & Co. and HL Boulton & Co.] ; 128 items 3 folders
Box
3 H. L. Boulton & Co. La Guaira, Venezuela, July 1861-August 1871; March 1872-October 1879 [Business correspondence See Boulton & Co] ; 101 items 2 folders
Box
3 Bourgard & Ca. Pernambuco, Brazil, January 1874-June 1877 [Business correspondence and orders]
Box
4 Boustead-Burnham
Box
4 Boustead & CO. Singapore and London [Detailed business correspondence. Firm supplied L&K, including various spices (black pepper, nutmeg, mace, etc.) Reports of prices in Singapore market. Very large amounts of telegram correspondence] ; 274 items 7 folders
Box
4 Singapore, June 1864-April 1875; May 1875-April 1876; May 1876-December 1876; May 1876-December 1876; May 1878-December 1879
Box
4 London, February 1872-May 1876; June 1876-October 1879
Box
4 Bouyx & Ca. Mayagüez, Puerto Rico, January 1878-December 1878 [Business correspondence] ; 13 items
Box
4 Boyd, J. Panama, July 1865-October 1879 [Business correspondence Office of the "Star and Herald"] ; 13 items
Box
4 Boysen, Christian. Mayagüez, Puerto Rico, June 1860-February 1871 [Business correspondence and detailed orders. 13 of the letters are signed by Miguel Nogueras, identified as "Succesor de Boysen"] ; 22 items
Box
4 BO miscellaneous. [Business correspondence Various] ; 79 items
Box
4 Braga & Estella. Sao Paolo, Brazil, August 1873-June 1876 [Business correspondence and orders] ; 5 items
Box
4 Brandon, F. M. Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 1874-1879 [Business correspondence and orders] ; 218 items 5 folders
Box
4 Brandon, Isaac. Panama, November 1875-January 1880 [Business correspondence] ; 69 items
Box
4 Brandon, Nathaniel & Co. Panama, August 1867-June 1869 [Business correspondence] ; 23 items
Box
4 Braun & Ca. Caracas, Venezuela, April 1877-July 1879 [Business correspondence and orders] ; 54 items
Box
4 Brehmer, Ernst & Co. Messina, Italy, 1866-1873 [Business correspondence Supplier for L&K (oil of bergamot and other essetial oils). Contains telegrams apparently sent in code ("Mouse habit leg clown ham comet".)] ; 122 items 2 folders
Box
4 Bremer & Scholtz. Matamoros, Mexico and Brownsville, Texas, October 1876-August 1879 [Business correspondence and orders] ; 10 items
Box
4 Brenes, Cruz. Punta Arena, Puerto Rico, May 1878-December 1879 [Business correspondence and detailed orders] ; 13 items
Box
4 Brenes, Pedro. Corinto, Nicaragua, September 1871-December 1879 [Business correspondence Also contains items from Brenes & Mayorga, also of Corinto, Nicaragua] ; 9 items
Box
4 Brenez, Manuel L. y Ca. Pantarenas (Puntarenas), Costa Rica, July 1878-July-1879 [Business correspondence] ; 5 items
Box
4 Bresani, J & F. Lima, Peru, October 1864-November 1878 [Business correspondence and orders] ; 29 items
Box
4 Brinton & Brothers. Belize, March 1874-May 1878 [Business correspondence and orders] ; 10 items
Box
4 Brioso, M. Panama, February 1862-August 1868 [Business correspondence and orders] ; 87 items
Box
4 Brooks & Co. Santiago, Cuba, 1855-1879 [Business correspondence] ; 132 items 3 folders
Box
4 Brown, A. Chillan, Chile, July 1870-January 1874 [Business correspondence and orders] ; 6 items
Box
4 Brown Ross & Co. Aux Cayes, Haiti, April 1864-February 1871 [Business correspondence Sold L&K goods on consignment] ; 17 items
Box
4 Bruno, Francisco. Guayama, Puerto Rico, May 1855-February 1862 [Business correspondence and detailed orders. "Farmacia de Don Francisco Bruno"] ; 21 items
Box
4 Bruno, Myrthil. Port-au-Prince, Haiti, October 1862-June 1870 [Business correspondence and detailed orders] ; 31 items
Box
4 Bruzzo, Carlo. Genoa, Italy, April 1870-June 1879 [Business correspondence and orders. Also contains items from Bruzza & Co., also in Genoa] ; 11 items
Box
4 BR miscellaneous. [Business correspondence, orders, and advertisements.] ; 82 items 2 folders
Box
4 Buendia Rocha y Garcia. Bogotá, Colombia, July 1872-March 1878 [Business correspondence and detailed orders] ; 9 items
Box
4 Bueno, Pedro. Cuzco, Mexico, February 1865-August 1874 [Business correspondence and detailed orders. Contains illustration for machine part to be fabricated] ; 14 items
Box
4 Bundermann, José. Havana, Cuba, 1871-1879 [Business correspondence and orders] ; 129 items 2 folders
Box
4 Bunge Bornfeld & Co. Buenos Aires, Argentina, May 1856-November 1858 [Business correspondence] ; 8 items
Box
4 Burgos, Francisco Solano. Buenos Aires, Argentina, March 1859-September 1872 [Business correspondence and detailed orders. "Botica Drogueria del Indio". Also contains correspondence from FS Burgos y Hijos] ; 29 items
Box
4 Burnham, J. C. & Co. Havana, Cuba, 1861-1879 [Business correspondence Collected on L&K accounts from various merchants - lists of merchants. Also sold local produce to L&K, ie sugar] ; 268 items 5 folders
Box
5 Büsing-Casseres
Box
5 Büsing Schröder & Co. Batavia (now Jakarta), Indonesia, 1867-1879 [Reports on the local market for commodities and on shipping. See also Schöder, Augustin (Amsterdam)] ; 234 items 7 folders
Box
5 Bustamanté, Jose de Rueda. Havana, Cuba, 1862-1879 [Business correspondence] ; 348 items 6 folders
Box
5 Bustamante Galup y Ca. Buenos Aires, Argentina, January 1869-May 1873 [Business correspondence and orders] ; 12 items
Box
5 Bustamante y Gonzalez. Havana, Cuba, November 1865-July 1868 [Business correspondence] ; 9 items
Box
5 Bustillos, José E. Veracruz, Mexico, 1868-1879 [Business correspondence and detailed orders] ; 78 items 2 folders
Box
5 BU miscellaneous. [Business correspondence and orders.] ; 32 items
Box
5 BY miscellanous. [Business correspondence Various] ; 3 items
Box
5 Cabe, Rafael. Guantanamo, Cuba, January 1866-November 1874 [Business correspondence and detailed orders. Includes illustration for custom cabinet request] ; 28 items
Box
5 Cabrera, J. B. La Guaira, Venezuela, September 1860-April 1861 [Business correspondence. Includes one letter from Cabrera y Suarez (La Guaira), April 1864] ; 6 items
Box
5 Cabrera, Juan Domingo and J. A. Puerto Rico [Business correspondence and orders. Contains letters from Juan Domingo Cabrera (November 1860-February 1869) and J. A. Cabrera (November 1873-August 1878)] ; 45 items
Box
5 Cabrera, Rafael. Managua, Nicaragua, May 1873-December 1879 [Business correspondence and detailed orders] ; 33 items
Box
5 Cabrera y Hijos. Puerto Rico, March 1861-September 1873 [Business correspondence] ; 20 items
Box
5 de Caceres, Maria. Punta Arenas, Costa Rica, July 1874-November 1875 [Business correspondence and orders. One of the few files containing correspondence by a woman] ; 7 items
Box
5 Cadena, Horacio. Bucaramanga, Colombia, November 1877-November 1878 [Business correspondence and orders] ; 6 items
Box
5 Caillol, E. & Saintpierre, H. Marseille, France, June 1876-March 1879 [Business correspondence Transport and commission agents - forms mention flower and botanic essences (which L&K bought in France)] ; 8 items
Box
5 Cala, José y Gonzalez. Havana, Cuba, December 1877-April 1878 [Business correspondence and orders. "Botica el Aguila de Oro"] ; 9 items
Box
5 Calbet, Juan. Havana, Cuba, September 1859-January 1862 [Business correspondence and orders] ; 15 items
Box
5 Calbó & Co. Cienfuegos, Cuba, May 1858-April 1859 [Business correspondence and orders] ; 8 items
Box
5 Calderon, Teodomiro. Buga, Colombia, October 1872-November 1879 [Business correspondence and detailed orders] ; 20 items
Box
5 Caldes, A. Santiago, Cuba, October 1871-April 1873 [Business correspondence and detailed orders] ; 11 items
Box
5 de la Calle, Ezequiel and Pedro. Matanzas, Cuba, 1852-1866 [Business correspondence and detailed orders] ; 102 items 2 folders
Box
5 de la Calle, Jorge. Paris and Matanzas, Cuba, July 1854-January 1869 [Business correspondence Relation to Ezequiel and Pedro de la Calle of Matanzas is unknown] ; 9 items
Box
5 Calleja, Hoyo y Ca. Havana, Cuba, May 1865-September 1868 [Business correspondence See also Castañeda y Calleja, Havana] ; 21 items
Box
5 Calsamiglia, B. San José, Costa Rica, May 1879-October 1879 [Business correspondence] ; 5 items
Box
5 Calvo, M. San Miguel (de Allendes? Mexico), July 1871-January 1879 [Business correspondence and orders] ; 8 items
Box
5 Camacho, Dionisio y Cia. Tampico, Mexico, January 1860-February 1875 [Business correspondence and detailed order] ; 11 items
Box
5 Camacho Roldan Hermanos. Bogotá, Colombia, July 1865-November 1868 [Business correspondence and orders] ; 28 items
Box
5 Campbell, Alexander & Co. Port of Spain, Trinidad, July 1863-December 1871 [Business correspondence Firm sold goods on consignment for L&K. Contains several printed sheets of "Trinidad Prices Current," with reports on market demand] ; 21 items
Box
5 Campista, A. L. da Silva. Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, July 1873-December 1878 [Detailed business correspondence and orders. Contains newspaper clipping ("Jornal do Commercio") showing large ad for their store] ; 33 items
Box
5 Canada miscellaneous; 6 items
Box
5 Canevairo y Ca. Lima, Peru, June 1873-January 1874 [Business correspondence] ; 10 items
Box
5 Caors, A. Pernambuco, Brazil, January 1866-November 1879 [Business correspondence and orders] ; 31 items
Box
5 Capela, John, Jr. Cartagena, Colombia, 1851-1869 [Business correspondence and detailed orders] ; 170 items 3 folders
Box
5 Capriles, B. & Co. Puerto Cabello, Venezuela, June 1877-May 1878 [Business correspondence] ; 5 items
Box
5 Capriles, José. Moin (Puerto Moin), Costa Rica, April 1851-December 1855 [Business correspondence and detailed orders. Also correspondence under name Capriles & Co] ; 26 items
Box
5 Capurro, B. Cartagena, Colombia, January 1856-December 1879 [Business correspondence and detailed orders. Majority of correspondence is from B. Capurro, Hijo. Also contains correspondence from Capurro y Escurriaza (1856)] ; 27 items
Box
5 Carbonell, Felix B. Santiago, Cuba, December 1861-July 1864 [Business correspondence and detailed orders] ; 23 items
Box
5 Carbonell y Hapet. Santiago, Cuba, April 1871-January 1876 [Business correspondence and detailed orders. "Botica del Carmen". Contains one later letter (1876) from Botica del Carmen/Hapet y Laberdesque letterhead] ; 22 items
Box
5 Cardenas, A. Granada and Rivas, Nicaragua, April 1871-May 1875 [Business correspondence and detailed orders] ; 17 items
Box
5 Cardenas, Manuel M. Veracruz, Mexico, 1853-1876 [Business correspondence and detailed orders] ; 71 items 2 folders
Box
5 Carillo & Co. Verzcruz, Mexico, June 1872-October 1879 [Business correspondence and detailed orders] ; 44 items
Box
5 Cardoze, David. St. Thomas, 1863-1870 [Business correspondence] ; 105 items 2 folders
Box
5 Carlinot Freres & F. Salzani. Paris, France, November 1865-July 1871 [Business correspondence] ; 24 items
Box
5 Carothers, Juan D. Saltillo, Mexico, June 1873-November 1879 [Business correspondence and detailed orders. "Botica de San Luis"] ; 16 items
Box
5 Carrizosa Hermanos. Bogota, Colombia, October 1877-May 1878 [Business correspondence] ; 9 items
Box
5 Carvahal, Sergio. Palmira, Colombia, May 1873-February 1875 [Business correspondence] ; 7 items
Box
5 de Carvalho, A. L. Ferreira. Rio de Janeiro, January 1875-February 1879 [Business correspondence Includes one item from Carvalho & Lessa (1879)] ; 14 items
Box
5 Carvalho, B. C. Kingston, Jamaica, September 1862-March 1863 [Business correspondence] ; 8 items
Box
5 Casals, Juan. Matanzas, Cuba, August 1860-January 1865 [Business correspondence and orders] ; 7 items
Box
5 Casanave, E. J. and Richardson. Callao, Peru, February 1871-September 1874 [Business correspondence and orders] ; 18 items
Box
5 Casanova, Manual. Arroyo, Puerto Rico, December 1853-April 1861 [Business correspondence and detailed orders] ; 31 items
Box
5 Caselles & Wiśniewski, San José de Cúcuta, Colombia, February 1877-January 1879 [Business correspondence] ; 11 items
Box
5 Casorla, J. R. Panama, April 1857-January 1859 [Business correspondence] ; 6 items
Box
5 Cassels, James & Co. Oporto, Portugal, December 1876-December 1879 [Detailed business correspondence and orders. Reports on business conditions and markets in Oporto] ; 35 items
Box
5 Casseres, Gomes. Cartagena, Colombia, 1860-March 1872 [Business correspondence and detailed orders] ; 90 items
Box
5 Casseres Hermanos. Barranquilla, Colombia, April 1866-November 1866 [Business correspondence and orders] ; 6 items
Box
6 Castañeda to Cole (1865)
Box
6 Castañeda y Calleja. Havana, Cuba, September 1863-March 1865 [Business correspondence Firm changed its name -- see also Calleja, Hoyo y Ca] ; 20 items
Box
6 Castellanos y Ca. Santa Ana, El Salvador, October 1878-December 1879 [Business correspondence and detailed orders] ; 10 items
Box
6 Castellanos, Jos. E. Havana, Cuba, September 1876-May 1979 [Business correspondence] ; 8 items
Box
6 Castellanos, Prudencio. Guatemala, 1864-1873 [Business correspondence and detailed orders] ; 93 items 2 folders
Box
6 Castellot, Gutierrez & Cia. Campeche, Mexico, May 1877-December 1879 [Business correspondence and orders] ; 61 items
Box
6 Castelnau, Ducan de Jules. Montpellier, France, October 1865-August 1875 [Business correspondence] ; 26 items
Box
6 Castillo y Garza. Tampico, Mexico, January 1875-December 1879 [Business correspondence and detailed orders. Includes illustration of type of syringe wanted] ; 40 items
Box
6 Castillo, Gregorio. Cienfuegos. Cuba, June 1874-July 1875 [Business correspondence and orders] ; 7 items
Box
6 Castrellon, Gregorio. Honda, Colombia, September 1873-December 1873 [Business correspondence] ; 5 items
Box
6 Castro, Diójenes. Barranquilla, Colombia, February 1855-May 1858 [Business correspondence and orders] ; 5 items
Box
6 Castro, L. M. San Jose, Costa Rica, September 1872-December 1878 [Business correspondence and detailed orders] ; 13 items
Box
6 Catalá y Sarrá. Havana, Cuba, September 1855-November 1865 [Business correspondence and orders. Firm changed its name from Catalá, Sarrá y Compañía to Catalá y Sarrá in 1858]
Box
6 Catalá, Valentin. Havana, Cuba, October 1855-March 1877 [Business correspondence and detailed orders. "Farmacia de Santo Domingo"] ; 27 items
Box
6 Catalan, J. M. Maracaibo, Venezuela, August 1860-July 1862 [Business correspondence] ; 4 items
Box
6 Catalan y Fonseca. Maracaibo, Venezuela, June 1862-February 1870 [Business correspondence and detailed orders. "Botica y Drogueria de Catalan y Fonseca"] ; 47 items
Box
6 Cazneau & Fabens. Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic, June 1862-June 1866 [Business correspondence and orders] ; 19 items
Box
6 CA Miscellaneous. [Business correspondence and orders.] ; 216 items 4 folders
Box
6 Cerdá, Clothilde. Buenos Aires, Argentina; 14 items
Box
6 Letters and advertisements related to proprietary medicine, Tonatiyacapa, created by Cerdá, August 1879-June 1881
Box
6 Cervantes, Joaquin Ortiz. Mexico, March 1853-December 1859 [Business correspondence and detailed orders] ; 29 items
Box
6 Cervantes, José Manuel. Arequipa, Peru, July 1869-January 1874 [Business correspondence and detailed orders] ; 5 items
Box
6 Cervera & Co. Carmen, Mexico, December 1878-August 1879 [Business correspondence] ; 5 items
Box
6 Cervera, Dámasol & Hermano. Colon, Panama, September 1872-October 1875 [Business correspondence and detailed orders] ; 13 items
Box
6 César, Calisto. Leon and Managua, Nicaragua, April 1875-December 1879 [Business correspondence and detailed orders] ; 27 items
Box
6 Céspedes, José A. Colon, Panama, November 1862-May 1874 [Business correspondence "Importador y Comisionista"] ; 16 items
Box
6 Cespedes, Pedro. Manzanilla, Cuba, June 1863-February 1872 [Business correspondence] ; 15 items
Box
6 CE miscellaneous. [Business correspondence Various] ; 7 items
Box
6 Chacon, Jose. Retalhuleu, Guatemala, May 1876-November 1878 [Business correspondence and detailed orders] ; 6 items
Box
6 Chacon, Juan A. Cuenca, Ecuador, June 1872-November 1873 [Business correspondence and detailed orders] ; 5 items
Box
6 Chacon, Leopoldo. Tapachula, Mexico, July 1878-February 1879 [Business correspondence] ; 5 items
Box
6 Chamoro, Pedro & Jose. Rivas, Nicaragua, March 1871-May 1872 [Business correspondence and orders] ; 8 items
Box
6 Chapman, William A. and Chapman & Martinez. Barranquilla, Colombia, December 1853-May 1871 [Business correspondence] ; 8 items
Box
6 Charriez & Cie. Port au Prince, Haiti, March 1863-July 1864 [Business correspondence and detailed orders] ; 6 items
Box
6 Chartier, Francisco. Puerto Cabello, Venezuela, April 1861-April 1879 [Business correspondence and orders. Also contains letters from Chariter & Olivarre and Chartier & Co] ; 6 items
Box
6 Chaverri, Manuel. Heredia, Costa Rica, October 1875-December 1879 [Business correspondence and detailed orders. Also letters from Mariano Chaverri] ; 38 items
Box
6 Cheeseman & Co. Porto Plata (Puerto Plata), Dominican Republic, December 1862-July 1863 [Business correspondence] ; 5 items
Box
6 Chesnay, E. M. & Cie. Leon, Nicaragua and Paris, France, February 1867-December 1879 [Business correspondence and detailed orders] ; 60 items
Box
6 Chiappe, Benito & Co. Lima, Peru, December 1860-December 1866 [Business correspondence and detailed orders] ; 6 items
Box
6 Chiris, Antoine. Grasse, France, 1861-1879 [Business correspondence Supplied L&K with perfumes and essences] ; 219 items 3 folders
Box
6 Chorro, Luis J. Vera Cruz, Mexico, January 1858-December 1865 [Business correspondence and detailed orders] ; 24 items
Box
6 CH miscellaneous. [Business correspondence and detailed orders.] ; 54 items
Box
6 Ciambrino, Juan Maria. Granada, Nicaragua, September 1859-November 1879 [Business correspondence and detailed orders] ; 19 items
Box
6 CI miscellaneous. [Business correspondence and detailed orders.] ; 7 items
Box
6 Clairmonte & Co. Port of Spain, Trinidad, February 1869-April 1879 [Business correspondence and orders] ; 52 items
Box
6 Clark, G. W. Leon, Nicaragua, May 1867-November 1868 [Business correspondence and detailed orders] ; 5 items
Box
6 Clavera, F. & Co. Punta Arenas, Costa Rica, 1871-1879 [Business correspondence and detailed orders] ; 224 items 4 folders
Box
6 Clement, Jacob. Barranquilla, Colombia, September 1878-December 1879 [Business correspondence and detailed orders] ; 7 items
Box
6 Clifton, E. W. St. Kitts, February 1854-July 1854 [Business correspondence and orders] ; 5 items
Box
6 CL miscellaneous. [Business correspondence and orders.] ; 22 items
Box
6 de Coca, Francisco P. Havana, Cuba, October 1858-February 1859 [Business correspondence] ; 5 items
Box
6 Codina, M. Puerto Plata, Dominican Republic, May 1876-July 1877 [Business correspondence and detailed orders] ; 8 items
Box
6-8 Cole, William Henry & Co. London, England, 1856-1879 [Business correspondence and telegrams (coded). Banking. Contains periodic bank statements of bills and payments on L&K's account. Discussion of market conditions and prices for various commodities, especially opium. Reports on creditworthiness of various individuals. Cole also supplied L&K with various commodities bought in London] ; 4,222 items in 53 folders
Box
8 Cole, William Henry & Co. London, England - acceptance memorandums only, 1869-1879
Box
8 Cole, S. M. Rivas, Nicaragua, January 1879-December 1879 [Business correspondence and detailed orders. Includes newspaper clipping of ad for lamp] ; 5 items
Box
8 "Coleccion de Lecciones Clínicas" Santiago, ?? [Printed journal or pamphlet of medical information. Marked "Se Admiten Anuncios" - advertisements] ; 1 item
Box
8 Coll, Pedro. Colón, Nicaragua, May 1861-December 1861 [Business correspondence and orders] ; 9 items
Box
8 Collins, Charles & Co. Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, August 1879-January 1880 [Business correspondence There was some misunderstanding about a consignment of goods involving this firm; L&K took legal action] ; 5 items
Box
8 Collymore & Co. Barbados, July 1863-January 1876 [Business correspondence, including accounts] ; 31 items
Box
8 Colon, Aquiles. Ponce, Puerto Rico, April 1872-September 1879 [Business correspondence and detailed orders] ; 18 items
Box
8 Colonial Company. London, England, January 1882-March 1882 [Business correspondence and legal documents] ; 10 items
Box
8 "Colonial Standard" Kingston, Jamaica, January 1862-March 1866 [Business correspondence in reference to advertisements] ; 9 items
Box
8 Commercial Banking Company of Sydney. Sydney, Australia, July 1870-February 1878 [Business correspondence] ; 17 items
Box
8 Conde Ribon, M. & Ca. Ocaña, Colombia, March 1879-September 1879 [Business correspondence] ; 7 items
Box
8 Conrad, Hermann & Co. Georgetown, Guyana (Demerara), April 1876-August 1879 [Business correspondence Firm tried (unsuccesfully) to sell sewing machines for L&K] ; 10 items
Box
8 Compañia de Consignaciones i Agencias. La Libertad, El Salvador, November 1868-December 1879 [Steamship records] ; 46 items
Box
8 "El Constituyente" Copiapó, Chile, May 1863-December 1869 [Business correspondence] ; 9 items
Box
8 Conte, Adolphe. Santiago, Cuba, May 1854-April 1859 [Business correspondence and detailed orders, including text for advertisement ("Pastillas de Santorina")] ; 67 items
Box
8 Conte, Horacio. Guantanamo, Cuba, December 1858-April 1869 [Business correspondence and detailed orders] ; 7 items
Box
8 Cook, Fonseca & Ca. Maracaibo, Venezuela, February 1857-May 1589 [Business correspondence and orders. See also Cook, William (Guillermo), Maracaibo] ; 43 items
Box
8 Cook, William (Guillermo). Maracaibo, Venezuela, 1851-1879 [Business correspondence and detailed orders. Contains records of several different firm names: Cook and Urdaneta (1851-1852), William Cook (1852-1865), Guillermo Cook & Ca. (1865-1878) and Guillermo Cook & Hijos (1879), all of Maracaibo. See also Cook, Fonseca & Co (Maracaibo)] ; 126 items 2 folders
Box
9 Copello-Dalton
Box
9 Copello, Juan Bautista & Louis. Lima, Peru, June 1868-September 1878 [Business correspondence and detailed orders] ; 7 items
Box
9 de Cordova, M. Kingston, Jamaica, December 1865-December 1879 [Business correspondence Related to newspaper advertisements in Jamaica] ; 6 items
Box
9 Cormingo & Moran. Pará (Belem), Brazil, December 1863-October 1866 [Business correspondence and orders] ; 18 items
Box
9 Cornely, M. Paris, France, 1866-1879 [Contains letters from S&M Cornely (1874-1878) and from M. Cornely & Gompertz (1878-1879). Business correspondence. Firm supplied L&K with pharmaceutical substances, including verdigris and others] ; 91 items 2 folders
Box
9 Cornetet & Goés. Pelotas, Brazil, August 1871-May 1878 [Damaged item - torn letter glued to backing. Business correspondence and detailed orders] ; 6 items
Box
9 Cornud Ainé & Cie. Nyons, France, October 1874-December 1877 [Business correspondence "Conserves Alimentaires - Essences"] ; 9 items
Box
9 Corominas Y Cia. Santiago, Cuba, January 1860-January 1871 [Business correspondence and detailed orders. "Botica y Drogueria"] ; 16 items
Box
9 Courroules, M. Panama, April 1879-October 1879 [Business correspondence and detailed orders] ; 14 items
Box
9 Correa Hermanos. Curaçao, December 1877-December 1879 [Business correspondence Includes one letter from Manuel Correa] ; 4 items
Box
9 Correa, Manuel. Riohacha, Colombia, January 1869-March 1871 [Business correspondence] ; 9 items
Box
9 Correa, Manuel P. Tacna, Peru, August 1862-September 1864 [Business correspondence and orders] ; 3 items
Box
9 "El Correo" Trinidad and Serena, Chile, October 1862-November 1879 [Business correspondence regarding advertising in two different newspapers, both called 'El Correo': El Correo of Trinidad and El Correo Serena (Chile)] ; 8 items
Box
9 Correoso, Francis & Co. Kingston, Jamaica, December 1875-December 1879 [Business correspondence and orders] ; 47 items
Box
9 de Cortazar, José. Tampico, Mexico, November 1868-July 1874 [Business correspondence Contains printed death notice and newspaper clipping] ; 9 items
Box
9 Corties, Aguirrevengoa y Ca. Havana, Cuba, March 1862-August 1865 [Business correspondence] ; 5 items
Box
9 Corugedo y Garcia. Havana, Cuba, June 1872-May 1875 [Business correspondence Firm changed its name to Garcia Corugeda Hermanos in 1875 -- See Box 13] ; 8 items
Box
9 Corujo, Francisco. Havana, Cuba, February 1863-October 1872 [Business correspondence Brother to Valentin Corujo] ; 65 items
Box
9 Corujo, Valentin. Havana, Cuba, September 1860-October 1878 [Business correspondence and orders. Brother to Francisco Corujo] ; 59 items
Box
9 Corujo y Primo/ Corujo y Ca. Havana, Cuba, April 1857-January 1863 [Business correspondence Corujo y Primo (1857-1860) and Corujo y Ca (1860-1863) probably the same firm] ; 26 items
Box
9 da Costa, Elpidio. Pará (Belem), Brazil, February 1877-January 1879 [Business correspondence and orders. "Pharmacia Minerva"] ; 7 items
Box
9 Costas, Manuel. Havana, Cuba, 1855-1863 [Business correspondence and detailed orders. Contains illustrations for ear syringe ("Dr. Guimerá Geringa Para el Oido"), pharmacy jars, etc. Starting 1854, letterhead reads "Manuel Costas y Martorell, Farmaceutico". By 1859, letterhead reads only "Manuel Costas"] ; 250 items 4 folders
Box
9 Couchonnal Fils y Cia. Havana, Cuba, November 1857-January 1859 [Business correspondence "Casa de Comision y Consignacion"] ; 19 items
Box
9 Coudert Brothers. Paris, France, December 1884-January 1885 [Business correspondence and orders] ; 5 items
Box
9 Coupton, J. Valparaiso, Chile, June 1866-June 1875 [Business correspondence] ; 5 items
Box
9 Courtade, B. La Union, Phillipines, November 1865-November 1874 [Business correspondence Also contains two letters from Juan Courtade (La Union), 1874] ; 19 items
Box
9 Cousinery & Fils. Smyrna, Turkey, 1863-1870 [Detailed business correspondence. Firm supplied L&K with opium. Discussion of opium crop and market conditions. Telegrams used code; letter of July 24 1869 translates part of the code] ; 211 items 3 folders
Box
9 Coutreras, Juan. Cojutepeque, El Salvador, November 1875-November 1879 [Business correspondence and orders] ; 19 items
Box
9 Cowan, J. R. Aspinwall (Colon), Panama, August 1854-March 1862 [Business correspondence] ; 24 items
Box
9 Cox, G. E. Concepcion, Chile, November 1873-March 1876 [Business correspondence and orders. Contains newspaper clipping of press] ; 9 items
Box
9 Cox, J. C. Mayagüez, Puerto Rico, March 1866-May 1870 [Business correspondence and detailed orders] ; 5 items
Box
9 CO miscellaneous. Varios [Business correspondence Various] ; 83 items
Box
9 Craik, Roberto. Yzalco (Izalco), El Salvador, August 1876-July 1877 [Business correspondence and detailed orders] ; 8 items
Box
9 Cramer, B. Belize, July 1858-August 1879 [Business correspondence Firm sold goods on consignment for L&K and also supplied L&K with supplies (such as cochineal)] ; 51 items
Box
9 Crane, G. C. Bogota, Colombia, March 1860-November 1866 [Business correspondence and detailed orders] ; 36 items
Box
9 Cranwell, William & Co. Montevideo, Uruguay, December 1857-November 1872 [Business correspondence and orders. Letters express disappointment with prices and mention outbreak of cholera] ; 72 items
Box
9 Cranwell, R. & Co. London, England, August 1869-October 1879 [Business correspondence Includes two letters from W.B. Cranwell & Co (London, 1875, 1879)] ; 15 items
Box
9 Cranwell & Co. Buenos Aires, Argentina, October 1874-December 1879 [Business correspondence and detailed orders] ; 9 items
Box
9 Creswell & Co. Lisbon, Portugal, November 1863-January 1880 [Business correspondence and orders. Information on local market conditions] ; 78 items
Box
9 de la Cruz, Francisco Javier. Matanzas, Cuba, 1858-1872 [Business correspondence and detailed orders. "Botica de Cruz"] ; 70 items 2 folders
Box
9 CR miscellaneous. [Business correspondence Various] ; 28 items
Box
9 "Cuban Herald" Havana, Cuba, August 1863-December 1863 [Business correspondence Editors Calvo and Sherman] ; 6 items
Box
9 de Cuevas, Manuel H. San Juan and Caguas, Puerto Rico, June 1864-February 1868 [Business correspondence and detailed orders] ; 5 items
Box
9 Cunha & Manta. Pernambuco, Brazil, May 1870-March 1874 [Business correspondence and orders] ; 18 items
Box
9 Cuyás, Ramon. Barcelona, Spain, 1863-1878 [Business correspondence and orders. Contains printed pamphlet for Pectoral de Anacahuita (Compuesto de Kemp) and several newspaper clippings of ads for L&K products. Two letters in English (1867) discuss the pressure put on Cuyás by other city pharmacists because he sold "stranger" (foreign) medicine. After July 1868, firm name changed to Ramon Cuyás y Ribot. Newspaper clipping of large ad for "Laboratorio Hispano-Cubano de D. Manuel Costas y Martorell". See Costas, Manuel in Box 6] ; 90 items 2 folders
Box
9 CU miscellanous. [Business correspondence Various] ; 26 items
Box
9 Da, Santos Maria. Mexico, April 1856-April 1860 [Business correspondence and detailed orders. "Almacen de Medicinas"] ; 11 items
Box
9 Da Costa & Co. Barbados, December 1872-August 1879 [Business correspondence and orders] ; 15 items
Box
9 Da Costa, Edmond. Kingston, Jamaica, February 1864-October 1866 [Business correspondence] ; 12 items
Box
9 Dagnino, M. & Co. Maracaibo, Venezuela, June 1864-August 1878 [Business correspondence and orders] ; 7 items
Box
9 Dalencour Freres. St Marc, Haiti, December 1863-July 1864 [Business correspondence and detailed orders] ; 6 items
Box
9 Dall'Orso, Virgilio. Callao, Peru, August 1873-February 1878 [Business correspondence and orders. "Almacen en Chiclayo"] ; 38 items
Box
9 Dalton Brothers. Orange, Australia, November 1869-June 1876 [Business correspondence] ; 36 items
Box
9 Dalton, John & Brothers. Ciudad Bolivar, Venezuela, December 1863-November 1879 [Business correspondence Firm changed its name to John Dalton & Co. in 1874] ; 56 items
Box
10 Dannecy-Dubic
Box
10 Dannecy, Guyot. Bordeaux, France, January 1874-February 1878 [Business correspondence and orders] ; 7 items
Box
10 Danouille, Alejandro. Barranquilla, Colombia, April 1861-December 1863 [Business correspondence and orders. Also contains letters from Danouille & Wessels and Danouille & Collante] ; 8 items
Box
10 Davalos, Valentin. Lima, Peru, January 1862-June 1864 [Business correspondence. Contains legal agreements made between L&K and Davalos, to the effect that L&K will hire Davalos to oversee the manufacture of saltpeter and borax, according to Davalos' new methods. Rough draft and Spanish-language copies of the agreeement and an official bound copy, dated April 15, 1863] ; 8 items
Box
10 Dávila, Demetrio. Barranquilla, Colombia, December 1872-June 1879 [Business correspondence and orders] ; 72 items
Box
10 Davis, George. Tumbes, Peru, April 1876-August 1879 [Business correspondence and orders] ; 8 items
Box
10 Dawson, J. Realejo, Nicaragua, May 1858-October 1859 [Business correspondence and detailed orders] ; 7 items
Box
10 Dawson, J. W. Leon, Nicaragua, July 1866-September 1868 [Business correspondence and detailed orders] ; 12 items
Box
10 DA miscellaneous. [Business correspondence and orders.] ; 40 items
Box
10 Debayle. Leon, January 1877-November 1877 [Business correspondence] ; 8 items
Box
10 Delapierre, Carlos. Cordoba, Spain, May 1868-September 1879 [Business correspondence and detailed orders] ; 18 items
Box
10 Delaude & Celesia. Callao, Peru, June 1877-December 1879 [Business correspondence "Division Navale Francaise de L'Ocean Pacifique - Adjuticaires"] ; 10 items
Box
10 Delgado & Calera. San Domingo, Haiti, October 1865-December 1879 [Business correspondence and detailed orders. "Farmacia de San Jose"] ; 13 items
Box
10 Delgado de la Flor Hermanos. Tacna, Peru, June 1860-June 1879 [Business correspondence and detailed orders. "Drogueria Central"] ; 47 items
Box
10 Delgado, Enrique. San Juan, Puerto Rico, December 1878-September 1879 [Business correspondence and orders] ; 10 items
Box
10 Delisle & Elmslie. St Kitt, March 1863-March 1873 [Business correspondence] ; 11 items
Box
10 Dellatorre, S. & Co. Panama, September 1872-October 1879 [Business correspondence and detailed orders] ; 21 items
Box
10 Dellazoppa, J. Montevideo, Uruguay, July 1872-1878 [Business correspondence and orders] ; 7 items
Box
10 Delmonte & Co. St Domingo, Haiti, May 1863-September 1864 [Business correspondence] ; 11 items
Box
10 del Monte, Guillermo. Havana, Cuba, March 1861-December 1865 [Business correspondence and orders. Discusses ways to avoid duties on merchandise entering Haiti] ; 22 items
Box
10 Demarchi, Antonio y Hermanos. Buenos Aires, Argentina and Montevideo, Uruguay, 1856-1879 [Business correspondence and orders. "Botica Drogueria y Laboratorio Farmaceutico a Vapor." In August 1879, the firm name changed to Demarchi Parodi y Ca. See also Demarchi, D (Milan)] ; 197 items 2 folders
Box
10 Demarchi, Antonio. Milan, Italy, January 1875-February 1879 [Business correspondence Ends with death notice for Antonio Demarchi] ; 5 items
Box
10 Demarchi, D. Milan, Italy, November 1877-February 1879 [Business correspondence Includes contract for Demarchi to sell L&K goods. Also includes newsprint advertisement for "Zarzaparilla Estractada al Vapor" with an illustration of the "Botica Drogueria y Laboratorio Farmaceutico a Vapor" of A. Demarchi y Hermanos in Buenos Aires (see also)] ; 5 items
Box
10 Denegri Hermanos. Lima, Peru, 1865-1878 [Business correspondence and detailed orders. Probably related to Denegri, Pedro & Sons (London and Lima)] ; 177 items 3 folders
Box
10 Denegri, Pedro & Sons. London & Lima, August 1873-February 1879 [Business correspondence Also called Denegri & Hijos. Probably related to Denegri Hermanos (Lima)] ; 18 items
Box
10 Denis, Manuel y Ca. Acajulta, El Salvador, June 1874-February 1875 [Business correspondence] ; 5 items
Box
10 Dent, Guillermo. Puntarenas, Costa Rica, July 1865-December 1870 [Business correspondence and detailed orders. After October 1869, correspondence is signed "Dent & Clavera"] ; 61 items
Box
10 Dent Alfaro, J & Ca. San José, Costa Rica, August 1872-April 1879 [Business correspondence and orders, including orders for non-pharmaceutical items such as axe blades and knives] ; 36 items
Box
10 Desvernine Reyling & Co. Havana, Cuba, May 1864-July 1868 [Business correspondence and orders. Mentions difficulties with importing and selling opium: the firm suggests withdrawing a L&K advertisement that wrongly suggests that "all that is imported into this country is sold to the coolies, who smoke it, which is contrary to our laws". (Jul 13 1864)] ; 21 items
Box
10 DE miscellaneous. [Business correspondence and orders.] ; 49 items
Box
10 Dias, Antonio Soares. Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, March 1873-June 1878 [Business correspondence and orders] ; 19 items
Box
10 Diaz, David y Ca. Cuenca, February 1874-December 1879 [Business correspondence and detailed orders] ; 6 items
Box
10 Diaz, Jose Duarte. Manaos, Brazil, November 1873-September 1879 [Business correspondence and detailed orders] ; 10 items
Box
10 Diaz y Vargas. Arequipa, Peru, July 1876-November 1879 [Business correspondence and orders] ; 9 items
Box
10 Diekmann, J. H. Manzanillo, Cuba, August 1874-December 1876 [Business correspondence] ; 7 items
Box
10 Diego, F. Merida, Mexico, February 1872-September 1875 [Business correspondence] ; 5 items
Box
10 de Diego, M y Ortiz. Bilbao, Spain, March 1864-August 1869 [Business correspondence] ; 6 items
Box
10 Diez, Cecilio Y. Esperanza, Cuba, March 1860-April 1871 [Business correspondence and orders. "Botica de San Jose"] ; 16 items
Box
10 DI miscellanous. [Business correspondence and orders.] ; 40 items
Box
10 Doizé, Ed. y Cia. Havana, Cuba, 1859-1876 [Detailed business correspondence and orders. Letterhead reads variously, "Casa de Comision y Consignacion" or "Agentes generales de los periodicos". Former firm (majority of the letters) handled commissions of L&K goods. Latter firm owned several newspapers or periodicals ("El Diario de la Marina," "La Prensa de la Habana," "Eco del Comercio?"); presumably running L&K ads in them] ; 257 items 3 folders
Box
10 Domeir & Co. London and Berlin, February 1872-April 1879 [Business correspondence Firm supplied L&K with essence of bergamot] ; 26 items
Box
10 Dominguez, Celestino. Guyama and Mayagüez, Puerto Rico, May 1855-September 1879 [Business correspondence and detailed orders. In February 1877, Celestino opened a new drugstore with D. Tomás Dominguez in Mayagüez] ; 70 items
Box
10 Donalisio, Juan B. Colón, Panama, September 1858-August 1869 [Business correspondence and orders] ; 50 items
Box
10 Donato, José. Cienfuegos, Cuba, 1863-1878 [Business correspondence and orders. Letters discuss the difficulty of importing opium] ; 121 items 2 folders
Box
10 Donde y Duarte. Merida, Mexico, May 1858-October 1872 [Business correspondence and orders. Includes notice of the dissolution of the firm in October 1859. Final letter is signed Juan Donde] ; 7 items
Box
10 Donner, C & Co. and Fratelli Donner. Palermo, Italy, October 1866-December 1879 [Business correspondence Firm name changes to Fratelli Donner in April 1876. Firm supplied L&K with materials including manna (sap of the flowering ash, Fraxinus Ornus)] ; 38 items
Box
10 Downing, A. A. Granada, Nicaragua, September 1867-June 1872 [Business correspondence and detailed orders] ; 14 items
Box
10 Downing, H. F. Havana, Cuba, March 1866-October 1869 [Business correspondence and orders] ; 22 items
Box
10 DO miscellaneous. [Business correspondence and orders.] ; 31 items
Box
10 Drake & Co. Matanzas, Cuba, January 1853-November 1857 [Business correspondence Firm sold L&K goods on consignment] ; 82 items
Box
10 E. Drapier Fils. Paris, France, April 1876-June 1879 [Business correspondence "Fabrique de bandages herniaires bas varices & ceintures - ventriéres - suspensoires," etc] ; 8 items
Box
10 Dreyfus Hermanos. Lima, Peru, August 1873-August 1875 [Business correspondence] ; 25 items
Box
10 Drivan, A. G. Barbados, October 1861-July 1862 [Business correspondence regarding newspaper advertisement] ; 5 items
Box
10 Druce Eckart & Co. Carthagena, Colombia, February 1855-June 1861; 20 items
Box
10 DR miscellaneous. [Business correspondence and orders.] ; 10 items
Box
10 Dubic, Michel. Havana, Cuba, May 1872-May 1879 [Business correspondence and orders] ; 9 items
Box
11 Dufau-Fearon
Box
11 Dufau, Juan y Ca/ E. y Ca. Havana, Cuba, September 1858-July 1877 [Business correspondence After 1866, letters are from E. Dufau y Ca] ; 74 items
Box
11 Dumoret Brothers. Port of Spain, Trinidad, August 1869-June 1877 [Business correspondence and orders. Firm asks to deal directly with L&K to avoid difficulties with its agents] ; 21 items
Box
11 Duncan, Robert. Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, May 1872-August 1875 [Detailed business correspondence regarding banking and business conditions] ; 19 items
Box
11 Dunkley, Henry. Liverpool, England and Lagos, April 1873-October 1877 [Business correspondence] ; 6 items
Box
11 Dupeyron, E. y Cia. Lima, Peru, 1854-1872 [Business correspondence and orders. "Farmacia y Drogueria Francesa"] ; 110 items 2 folders
Box
11 Duran, Benjamin. Palmira, Colombia, August 1871-December 1879 [Business correspondence and detailed orders] ; 17 items
Box
11 Duran, Lisandro y Ca. Bogotá, Colombia, July 1871-September 1879 [Business correspondence and orders] ; 14 items
Box
11 Duran y Ca. Guayauquil, Equador, July 1876-December 1877 [Business correspondence and orders] ; 9 items
Box
11 Duran y Nuñez. San José, Puerto Rico, November 1877-November 1879 [Business correspondence and detailed orders. Includes printed advertisement (English) for "Fox" rifle] ; 5 items
Box
11 Dussac y Ca. Santiago, Cuba, April 1858-September 1858 [Business correspondence and detailed orders] ; 8 items
Box
11 Duque, Miguel A. Mompos and Ocaña, Colombia, October 1858-December 1865 [Business correspondence and orders] ; 10 items
Box
11 DU miscellaneous. [Business correspondence and orders.] ; 41 items
Box
11 DY miscellaneous. [Business correspondence Various] ; 6 items
Box
11 Eastman, John & Co. / & Son. Buenos Aires, Argentina, 1854-1875; 222 items 3 folders
Box
11 Echeverria, Juan. Panama and Punta Arenas, Costa Rica, June 1857-April 1864 [Business correspondence and detailed orders] ; 10 items
Box
11 Echeverria, R. E. Santa Marta, probably Colombia, September 1877-December 1879 [Business correspondence and detailed orders] ; 12 items
Box
11 Eckart, Juan. Cartagena, Colombia, February 1862-May 1863 [Business correspondence and orders. See also Druce Eckart & Co. Carthagena, Colombia, box 10] ; 9 items
Box
11 Edwards, Edwin W. Buenos Aires, Argentina, April 1858-April 1862 [Business correspondence and orders. Firm sold L&K goods on consignment] ; 65 items
Box
11 Egea, Ricardo y Ca. Veracruz, Mexico, December 1860-July 1869 [Business correspondence and detailed orders] ; 18 items
Box
11 Ehrman, Henry. Panama, February 1870-January 1879 [Business correspondence] ; 52 items
Box
11 Eisele, Emilio. Valparaiso, Chile, January 1870-September 1876 [Business correspondence and detailed orders] ; 5 items
Box
11 Eizaquiree, J. M. Orizaba, Mexico, October 1856-September 1877 [Business correspondence and detailed orders] ; 16 items
Box
11 Elder, J. A. Antigua, June 1866-February 1869 [Business correspondence and orders] ; 9 items
Box
11 Eldridge & Co. Calcutta, India, July 1878-January 1879 [Detailed business correspondence and comments on market conditions] ; 24 items
Box
11 Ellul, Francisco e Fratelli. Malta, November 1875-September 1879 [Business correspondence] ; 11 items
Box
11 Emeterio, Echeverria y Abella. Guatemala, January 1860-September 1861 [Business correspondence and detailed orders] ; 6 items
Box
11 Engelhard & Co. Batavia (Jakarta, Indonesia), May 1876-November 1879 [Business correspondence Firm sold L&K goods on consignment] ; 11 items
Box
11 Enriquez, R. y Ca. Havana, Cuba; 33 items
Box
11 "Almacenes de Deposito del Chorro," February 1868-November 1870
Box
11 "La Epoca" Villaclara, Cuba, November 1866-August 1868 [Business correspondence related to newspaper advertisements] ; 5 items
Box
11 Erhard, A. M. Matamoros, Mexico, December 1878-December 1879 [Business correspondence] ; 8 items
Box
11 Ernsthausen & Oesterley. Calcutta and London, March 1879-November 1879 [Business correspondence] ; 9 items
Box
11 EA-ER miscellaneous. [Business correspondence Various] ; 35 items
Box
11 Escalada, Francisco. Cifuentes, Spain, January 1861-July 1879 [Business correspondence and detailed orders] ; 6 items
Box
11 Escalante, José A. and M de J. Riohacha, Colombia, September 1855-June 1874 [Business correspondence and detailed orders. "Botica de José A. Escalante"] ; 13 items
Box
11 Escarrá, Federico C. Puerto Cabello, Venezuela, November 1876-December 1879 [Business correspondence and detailed orders. "Botica Nacional"] ; 10 items
Box
11 Escasan, Ysidro. Barcelona, Spain, March 1866-December 1866 [Business correspondence and orders. Contains newspaper clipping regarding duties on imported drugs such as L&K sold] ; 5 items
Box
11 Escobar, J. M. Guatemala, January 1870-September 1879 [Business correspondence and detailed orders] ; 23 items
Box
11 Escobar, Ricardo. Manizales, Colombia, November 1875-December 1879 [Business correspondence and detailed orders] ; 9 items
Box
11 Escudero, Leonardo J. Chima? and Cartagena, Colombia, November 1855-December 1856 [Business correspondence and detailed orders] ; 5 items
Box
11 Espaillat, U. F and Augusto. Santiago de los Caballeros, Dominican Republic, April 1863-December 1879 [Business correspondence and detailed orders] ; 39 items
Box
11 Esparolini, Blas. Santiago de los Caballeros, Dominican Republic, September 1862-September 1863 [Business correspondence and detailed orders] ; 7 items
Box
11 Espinola, Manuel. Campeche, Mexico, June 1878-December 1879 [Business correspondence and detailed orders] ; 16 items
Box
11 de Espinola, Ramon/ Espinola y Ca. Granada, Nicaragua, December 1865-December 1879 [Business correspondence and detailed orders] ; 55 items
Box
11 Espinosa, A. y Ca. Havana, Cuba, 1863-1879 [Business correspondence "La Oriental Perfumeria y Quincalla"] ; 111 items 2 folders
Box
11 Espinosa, S. (y Hijo). San Juan del Norte, Nicaragua, February 1870-December 1879 [Business correspondence] ; 14 items
Box
11 Estarache, F. Arecibo, Puerto Rico, December 1865-October 1866 [Business correspondence and detailed orders] ; 12 items
Box
11 Estavard, Eugene. Trinidad, February 1878-June 1878 [Business correspondence and orders] ; 5 items
Box
11 Estrada, Elias (y Hijos). San José de Cúcuta, Colombia, October 1856-July 1879 [Business correspondence and detailed orders. Includes colored hand-drawing of a machine to be ordered] ; 45 items
Box
11 Estrella, Mariano Abad. Cuena, Ecuador, August 1871-October 1879 [Business correspondence and detailed orders] ; 12 items
Box
11 Esquivel & Peña. Punta Arenas, Costa Rica, November 1875-November 1879 [Business correspondence and detailed orders] ; 16 items
Box
11 Evans, Lescher & Evans. London, England, July 1867-January 1879 [Business correspondence] ; 36 items
Box
11 Ewart Latham & Co. Bombay, India, October 1873-October 1879 [Detailed business correspondence and reports on market conditions] ; 88 items
Box
11 ES-EY miscellanous. [Business correspondence and orders.] ; 29 items
Box
11 Fabars, Francis. Santiago, Cuba, October 1852-March 1855 [Business correspondence] ; 10 items
Box
11 Fabian y Ca. Valparaiso, Chile, 1868-1879 [Business correspondence and detailed orders. "Drogueria de Fabian y Ca"] ; 169 items 2 folders
Box
11 Falckenheiner, Gustavo. La Paz, Bolivia, June 1862-August 1870 [Business correspondence and detailed orders] ; 12 items
Box
11 Falk & Co. Marseilles, France, May 1865-February 1876 [Business correspondence and detailed orders] ; 5 items
Box
11 Fales, Edward/ Fales & Duncan. Rio de Janeiro, Brazil; 120 items 2 folders
Box
11 Very detailed business correspondence, accounts, and reports on market conditions. Also contains records of newspaper advertisements. Correspondence from Edward Fales (1861-1863, 1874) and Fales & Duncan (1863-1870), 1861-1865, 1867-1874
Box
11 Fanchiotti, Vercellone & Co. / Egidio Fanchiotti. Callao, Peru, August 1876-November 1879 [Business correspondence and orders. "Farmacia Italiana"] ; 12 items
Box
11 Farfan, V. y Ca. Tacna, Peru, March 1877-November 1878 [Business correspondence] ; 13 items
Box
11 de la Faria, Manuel y Ca. / Faria Sobrinto y Ca. Pernambuco, Brazil, May 1875-October 1879 [Business correspondence and detailed orders. Firm evidently was ordering printing equipment through L&K] ; 5 items
Box
11 FA miscellaneous. [Business correspondence Various] ; 21 items
Box
11 Fearon, John. La Union, Phillippines, June 1865-April 1874 [Business correspondence] ; 5 items
Box
12 Fechtenburg-Forret
Box
12 Fechtenburg, J. H. & Co. St. Thomas, Virgin Islands, March 1879-June 1879 [Business correspondence] ; 5 items
Box
12 Feddersen, Willink & Co. St. Thomas and San Juan, Puerto Rico, 1878-January 1880 [Business correspondence] ; 27 items
Box
12 Feindt, Luis. Serena, Chile, January 1866-August 1869 [Business correspondence and orders] ; 6 items
Box
12 Fejera, E. San Domingo, Haiti, May 1872-June 1875 [Business correspondence and detailed orders] ; 8 items
Box
12 Fergusson, J. H. & Co. Calcutta, India, November 1863-July 1872 [Business correspondence and orders] ; 9 items
Box
12 Fergusson, Noguera y Ca. Santa Marta and Barranquila, Colombia, 1870-1879 [Business correspondence and detailed orders] ; 343 items 4 folders
Box
12 Fernandez, Vicente y Ca. Havana, Cuba, 1859-1879 [Business correspondence and orders. "Drogueria 'La Central'"] ; 842 items
Box
12 Fernandez Maspous & Co. Manzanillo, Cuba, February 1872-April 1874 [Business correspondence and orders] ; 6 items
Box
12 Fernandez, Lobé. Havana, Cuba, July 1857-October 1862 [Business correspondence and orders. "La Central" (possibly related to Fernandez, Vicente y Ca, Havana)] ; 14 items
Box
12 Fernandez, R. y Ca. Havana, Cuba, June 1872-August 1872 [Business correspondence] ; 5 items
Box
12 Ferreira & Ca. Maranhão, Brazil, July 1860-November 1879 [Business correspondence and orders. "Drogaria Francesa - Laboratorio de Productos Chimicos"] ; 55 items
Box
12 Ferreira & Irmao. Porto, Portugal, July 1871-March 1876 [Business correspondence and orders. "Pharmacia de Ferreira & Irmao". Includes newsprint advertisement for "Pastilhas Alcalinas Digestivas de Darcet"] ; 22 items
Box
12 Ferreira Maia y Ca. Pernambuco, Brazil, May 1871-December 1879 [Business correspondence and orders. "Pharmacia Americana"] ; 23 items
Box
12 Ferrer, José. Ponce, Puerto Rico, June 1875-December 1879 [Business correspondence and detailed orders] ; 12 items
Box
12 Ferrer, Eladio, Leoncio, and Virginia. Quibido, Colombia, December 1857-June 1876 [Business correspondence and detailed orders. A relationship among these three individuals is assumed but not verified. Papers arranged by correspondent] ; 31 items
Box
12 Ferrer Suarez y Ca. Havana, Cuba, August 1866-July 1867 [Business correspondence First few letters are unreadable] ; 7 items
Box
12 Ferrer, Vicente/ Ferrer y Batlle. Antioquia, Colombia and Barcelona, Spain, 1860-1879 [Business correspondence and orders. Majority of letters are from Ferrer y Batlle (1871-1878). Contains copies of periodicals: "El Correo de Jaen" and "Diario de Barcelona"] ; 180 items 3 folders
Box
12 Ferreyro, Juan. Campeche, Mexico, April 1873-March 1879 [Business correspondence] ; 12 items
Box
12 Ferrin, Santos y Ca. / Ferrin, Juan. Cardenas, Cuba, January 1854-February 1864 [Business correspondence and orders] ; 10 items
Box
12 FE miscellanous. [Business correspondence and detailed orders.] ; 60 items
Box
12 Fidanque, M. St. Thomas, Virgin Islands, July 1863-February 1876 [Business correspondence] ; 6 items
Box
12 Fierro, Manuel Amador. Cienaga de Oro and Cartagena, Colombia, August 1860-December 1874 [Business correspondence] ; 7 items
Box
12 Figueroa, Augustin R. Cardenas, Cuba, February 1873-November 1878 [Business correspondence and detailed orders. "Botica Nueva de San Agustin"] ; 15 items
Box
12 Figueroa, Francisco A. Philadelphia, USA, Havana, Cuba, and Cartagena, Colombia, November 1855-October 1868 [Business correspondence Two items cannot be dated] ; 32 items
Box
12 Figueroa, Juan Fermin. Cartagena, Colombia and others, November 1854-December 1879 [Bulk of correspondence from Cartagena; other letters from other locations in Central America and the Caribbean, as well as New York, Philadelphia & Paris] ; 82 items
Box
12 Figueroa y Quian/ Rafael Figueroa. Cardenas, Cienfuegos, and Havana, Cuba, February 1876-November 1879 [Business correspondence and detailed orders] ; 72 items
Box
12 Fiol y Vionnel. Havana, Cuba; 8 items
Box
12 Warehouse receipts. "Almacenes de deposito de Cuba," July 1869-January 1870
Box
12 FI miscellaneous. [Business correspondence and orders.] ; 35 items
Box
12 Flores y Hermanos/ Flores y Flores. Heredia, Costa Rica, May 1873-August 1879 [Business correspondence and detailed orders] ; 5 items
Box
12 Flores, Jose M. Ocaña, Colombia, March 1870-September 1879 [Business correspondence and detailed orders] ; 25 items
Box
12 FI miscellanous. [Business correspondence and orders.] ; 12 items
Box
12 Fondeur & Muller. / F. Fondeur. Santiago. ?; 47 items
Box
12 Buscoco, November 1869-December 1879
Box
12 Font, José. / Font y Donde. Merida, Mexico, June 1860-October 1879 [Business correspondence and detailed orders. Letters from José Font (1860-62, 1865-79) and Font y Donde (1863-64)] ; 73 items
Box
12 Forga, Miguel. Aréquipa, Peru, March 1873-April 1878 [Business correspondence and detailed orders] ; 30 items
Box
12 Formento, F. y Ca. Vera Cruz, Mexico, October 1864-January 1880 [Business correspondence and detailed orders] ; 55 items
Box
12 Forret, Jules. Paris, France, January 1873-March 1874 [Business correspondence and orders] ; 13 items
Box
13 Forster-Gildemeister
Box
13 Forster, Henry & Co. Pernambuco, Brazil, 1860-1879 [Detailed business correspondence, containing reports on market conditions. Folder 1:] ; 227 items 3 folders
Box
13 Foster, Warren C. Cartagena, Colombia, 1858-1866 [Business correspondence and detailed orders] ; 184 items 2 folders
Box
13 Fougére, A. Aux Cayes, Haiti, November 1865-October 1879 [Business correspondence and detailed orders] ; 6 items
Box
13 Fonlladosa, F. Montevideo, Uruguay, March 1867-October 1872 [Business correspondence and orders] ; 9 items
Box
13 Fowler, D. & J. Adelaide, Australia, March 1876-June 1879 [Business correspondence] ; 8 items
Box
13 FO miscellaneous. [Business correspondence and orders.] ; 31 items
Box
13 Franco, Pablo. Cienaga de Oro, Colombia, June 1859-September 1865 [Business correspondence and detailed orders] ; 6 items
Box
13 Franzoy, H. & Co. Santiago, Cuba, November 1868-February 1870 [Business correspondence and detailed orders] ; 6 items
Box
13 Fraser, Charles A. & Co. Porto Plata, Haiti, March 1877-January 1880 [Business correspondence and detailed orders] ; 26 items
Box
13 French y Ca/ Santiago French. Guayaquil, Ecuador, February 1873-October 1879 [Business correspondence and orders] ; 9 items
Box
13 Freundt, Carlos. Callao, Peru, December 1867-February 1872 [Business correspondence and orders] ; 23 items
Box
13 de Frias, José. Puntarenas, Costa Rica, August 1875-August 1878 [Business correspondence and detailed orders] ; 32 items
Box
13 Friedmann, Max. Hamburg, Germany, August 1868-April 1869 [Business correspondence] ; 7 items
Box
13 Fritze & Co. Trinidad, Cuba, March 1858-December 1866 [Business correspondence] ; 33 items
Box
13 FR miscellaneous. [Business correspondence and detailed orders.] ; 30 items
Box
13 de Fuentes, José. Remedios, Colombia, November 1854-April 1858 [Business correspondence and orders] ; 11 items
Box
13 Fuentes y Ca/ N. Fuentes. Guayaquil, Ecuador, December 1858-January 1879 [Business correspondence and detailed orders. Contains correspondence from Fuentes y Ca (1858-1866) and N. Fuentes (1870-1879). Contains clippings and illustrations for medicine labels] ; 125 items
Box
13 Fuentes & Ca. Lima, Peru, April 1861-July 1863 [Business correspondence and detailed orders] ; 15 items
Box
13 Furth, I. & Co. Panama, May 1866-October 1871 [Business correspondence] ; 8 items
Box
13 Fuster Fiol & Cia. Marseille, France, August 1876-October 1879 [Business correspondence and orders] ; 10 items
Box
13 FU miscellaneous. [Business correspondence and orders.] ; 13 items
Box
13 Gabin, Angel. Guatemala, May 1864-January 1871 [Business correspondence and detailed orders] ; 13 items
Box
13 Galacio, Manuel. Guayaquil, Ecuador, October 1874-December 1876 [Business correspondence] ; 12 items
Box
13 Gallardo, Felix. Arroyo and San Juan, Puerto Rico, September 1857-November 1879 [Business correspondence and detailed orders. "Gran Botica de Puerto-Rico"] ; 54 items
Box
13 Gallego, Juan Antonio. Havana, Cuba, May 1853-March 1860 [Business correspondence and detailed orders] ; 38 items
Box
13 Gallegos, Calletano. Guayaquil, Ecuador, October 1860-April 1870 [Business correspondence and detailed orders] ; 9 items
Box
13 Gallese, Federico y Ca. Lima, Peru, August 1876-August 1879 [Business correspondence and detailed orders. "Drogueria Italiana"] ; 20 items
Box
13 Gallo, Benjamin. Medellin, Colombia, May 1877-December 1879 [Business correspondence] ; 7 items
Box
13 Galvez, Leandro. San Miguel, Mexico, March 1877-August 1877 [Business correspondence and detailed orders] ; 5 items
Box
13 Garay, Elias. Bogota, Colombia, March 1878-November 1879 [Business correspondence and orders] ; 10 items
Box
13 Garaycochea, Angel. Puebla, Mexico, May 1853-April 1858 [Business correspondence and detailed orders] ; 14 items
Box
13 Garaicoechea, Jose de Ventura. Montevideo, Uruguay, May 1856-May 1874 [Business correspondence and orders] ; 46 items
Box
13 Garbeau, Luis. Arroyo, Puerto Rico, January 1871-November 1879 [Business correspondence and detailed orders] ; 39 items
Box
13 Garcia, Artiz y Ca. Havana, Cuba, April 1862-December 1862 [Business correspondence] ; 10 items
Box
13 Garcia, Camilo A. Giron, Colombia, January 1872-March 1874 [Business correspondence] ; 6 items
Box
13 Garcia, Camilo. Puntarenas, Costa Rica, April 1877-April 1879 [Business correspondence "Agente Comercial y Corredor"] ; 5 items
Box
13 Garcia Corugedo y Hermanos. Havana, Cuba, October 1875-January 1880 [Business correspondence Firm changed its name from Corugedo y Garcia in 1875 -- See Box 9] ; 13 items
Box
13 Garcia y Ca. / Matias S. Garcia. Cienfuego, Cuba, October 1868-November 1873 [Business correspondence] ; 36 items
Box
13 Garcia, Francisco A. Sonsonate, El Salvador, August 1871-November 1879 [Business correspondence and detailed orders] ; 31 items
Box
13 Garcia, R. Guatemala, September 1878-December 1879 [Business correspondence and orders. Contains samples of paint pigment] ; 7 items
Box
13 Garcia y Vasquez. Cartagena, Colombia, May 1873-April 1875 [Business correspondence and detailed orders] ; 14 items
Box
13 Garcia, Vicente. Cartagena, Colombia, August 1859-December 1879 [Business correspondence and detailed orders. Business correspondence] ; 56 items
Box
13 Garraway, James & Co. Dominica, December 1867-January 1876 [Business correspondence and orders] ; 9 items
Box
13 Garriga, Pedro. Ponce, Puerto Rico, May 1858-February 1876 [Business correspondence and detailed orders] ; 11 items
Box
13 Gary, Aleixo & Cia. Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, June 1855-April 1859 [Business correspondence] ; 7 items
Box
13 Gauthier, Dreyfus & Co. Paris, France, December 1875-December 1879 [Business correspondence related to counterfeiting lawsuit] ; 8 items
Box
13 Gathmann, Eduardo. Caracas, Venezuala, September 1860-Octobe 1876 [Business correspondence and orders] ; 10 items
Box
13 "Gazette" (newspaper). Sorel, Quebec, February 1865-May 1869 [Business correspondence] ; 6 items
Box
13 GA miscellaneous. [Business correspondence Various] ; 98 items
Box
13 Gehe & Co. Dresden, Germany, 1863-1880 [Business correspondence Firm supplied L&K with supplies (for example, simarouba bark, ether sulfuric, etc.) and also sold L&K goods on consignment] ; 161 items 2 folders
Box
13 Geisenheimer, F. Yokohama, Japan, August 1874-July 1875 [Business correspondence] ; 7 items
Box
13 Gera, Eltore. Malta, April 1875-October 1879 [Business correspondence and orders. "Gera's Dispensary"] ; 22 items
Box
13 Gestas, J. Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, May 1859-February 1867 [Business correspondence and orders. "Drogaria Central"] ; 7 items
Box
13 Gildemeister, Consbruch/ J Gildemeister & Co. Lima, Peru, 1864-1879 [Detailed business correspondence. Many letters are too faded to read. Firm name changed to J Gildemeister & Co in 1866] ; 36 items
Box
13 Gildemeister, J. Matthias. Bremen, Germany and Peru, April 1872-May 1879 [Business correspondence] ; 6 items
Box
14 Giminez-Guthrie
Box
14 Giminez Donato, Antonio. Remedios, Colombia, March 1853-April 1868 [Business correspondence and detailed orders. "Botica de Nuestra Senora de los Dolores"] ; 48 items
Box
14 Ginebra Hermanos. Puerto Plata, Dominican Republic, December 1862-September 1878 [Business correspondence and detailed orders] ; 11 items
Box
14 Ginoulhiac, E. Matanzas, Cuba, June 1866-June 1867 [Business correspondence and orders] ; 5 items
Box
14 Giuliani, J. A. Carmen, Mexico, March 1866-November 1878 [Business correspondence and detailed orders] ; 57 items
Box
14 Glaenzer, Jules & Co. Paris, France, August 1853-June 1879 [Business correspondence] ; 13 items
Box
14 Glasgow Apothecaries Co. Glasgow, Scotland, August 1874-September 1879 [Business correspondence] ; 11 items
Box
14 "The Gleaner" Kingston, Jamaica, June 1863-July 1869 [Correspondence regarding newspaper advertisements] ; 7 items
Box
14 GE-GI miscellaneous. [Business correspondence and orders.] ; 42 items
Box
14 Góes, Francisco Aranjo. Pelotas, Brazil; 48 items
Box
14 "Pharmacia e Armasem de Drogas de Aranjo Góes," March 1873-September 1879
Box
14 Godoy, Francisco. Concepción, Chile, July 1866-October 1877 [Business correspondence and detailed orders. "Concepcion Botica"] ; 17 items
Box
14 Gogorza, Fabian y Ca. Panama, October 1855?-November 1862 [Business correspondence and orders] ; 29 items
Box
14 de Goicochea, José M. San Juan, Puerto Rico, April 1878-July 1879 [Business correspondence and detailed orders] ; 11 items
Box
14 Gomez, A. y Ca. Matanzas, Cuba, February 1872-August 1873 [Business correspondence and orders] ; 25 items
Box
14 Gomez, Aguirre y Ca. Buenos Aires, Argentina, August 1872-September 1873 [Business correspondence] ; 5 items
Box
14 Gomez & Fortuny/ Gomez & Vidal. Barcelona, Spain, February 1866-September 1866 [Business correspondence "Botica Montserrat". "Depósito General de Productos Estrangeros"] ; 5 items
Box
14 Gomez, Manuel. Cartagena, Colombia, August 1859-November 1879 [Business correspondence and detailed orders] ; 59 items
Box
14 Gonzalez y Alvarez. Havana, Cuba, February 1874-August 1879 [Business correspondence and orders] ; 46 items
Box
14 Gonzalez, Antonio. Havana. Cuba, August 1857-January 1880 [Business correspondence and orders. "Farmacia el Aguila de Oro". Later "Botica Drogueria de San José". Contains long newspaper clipping: "Comisaria Régia de la Isla de Cuba"] ; 63 items
Box
14 Gonzalez, Felipe. Tampico, Mexico, September 1871-November 1879 [Business correspondence and detailed orders] ; 54 items
Box
14 Gonzalez, Felix Romero. Tampico, Mexico, June 1874 [Legal documents] ; 2 items
Box
14 Gonzalez, Francisco y Gil. Cienfuegos, Cuba, April 1878-January 1879 [Business correspondence and orders] ; 9 items
Box
14 Gonzalez, Miguel. Guatemala, May 1874-November 1875 [Business correspondence and orders] ; 7 items
Box
14 Gonzalez Bona Hermanos. Bucaramanga, Colombia/ San Cristobal, Venezuela, May 1870-November 1879 [Business correspondence. After December 1872, letters are posted from Venezuela] ; 45 items
Box
14 Gonzalez Segui y Ca. San Jose, Colombia, October 1856-December 1862 [Business correspondence and orders] ; 6 items
Box
14 Gonzalez, Pablo y Omar. Tampico, Mexico, November 1870-October 1879 [Business correspondence and detailed orders] ; 23 items
Box
14 Gonzalez, Rafael. Bucaramanga, Colombia, April 1873-August 1877 [Business correspondence and orders. "Botica i Drogueria de Rafael Gonzalez G"] ; 8 items
Box
14 Gonzalez y Salas/ M. Gonzalez. Tampico, Mexico, May 1857-September 1876 [Business correspondence and orders. "Botica Hispano-Mejicana de Gonzalez y Salas"] ; 24 items
Box
14 Gonzalez y Vallejo. Cali , Colombia, March 1857-January 1869 [Business correspondence and detailed orders] ; 38 items
Box
14 Gooding, Joseph, Albert, and A. L. Bogota, Colombia; Chagres, Panama, November 1851-July 1858 [Correspondence. Also contains one letter to Albert Gooding from J Bonitto] ; 18 items
Box
14 Goubaud, Emilio. Guatemala, June 1871-September 1873 [Business correspondence] ; 6 items
Box
14 Goudot & Amand. Panama, March 1852-February 1853 [Business correspondence and orders. Two letters are translated into English on L&K letterhead] ; 8 items
Box
14 Goussard, B. Santo Domingo, Haiti, August 1875-December 1879 [Business correspondence and detailed orders] ; 33 items
Box
14 Goyenche, Mildred & Co. London, England, January 1854-February 1860 [Business correspondence] ; 21 items
Box
14 GO miscellaneous. [Business correspondence and orders.] ; 69 items
Box
14 Granado y Anze. Cochabamba, Bolivia, October 1868-July 1879 [Business correspondence] ; 53 items
Box
14 Granados, José Ignacio D. Santamarta, Colombia, January 1857-October 1878 [Business correspondence and orders] ; 46 items
Box
14 Granados, Miguel D. Santamarta and Barranquilla, Colombia, May 1877-August 1878 [Business correspondence and orders] ; 5 items
Box
14 Granados, Pedro Diaz y Garcia. Santamarta, Colombia, November 1854-April 1859 [Business correspondence and orders] ; 26 items
Box
14 Grand Trunk Railway Company of Canada., February 1870-December 1880 [Business correspondence] ; 11 items
Box
14 Granes, F. South and Central America, December 1873-August 1878 [Business correspondence] ; 8 items
Box
14 Grant, Charles & Co. Kingston, Jamaica, 1862-1879 [Detailed business correspondence and orders] ; 109 items 2 folders
Box
14 Gras, Jaime. Arecibo, Puerto Rico, March 1867-February 1868 [Business correspondence and orders] ; 6 items
Box
14 Grau Lopez y Ca. Cienfuegos, Cuba, October 1863-July 1867 [Business correspondence and orders] ; 6 items
Box
14 Gravenhorst, F. B. Cienfuegos, Cuba, October 1866-December 1868 [Business correspondence and orders] ; 15 items
Box
14 Graves, S. R. Liverpool, England, September 1861-October 1871 [Business correspondence and orders] ; 11 items
Box
14 Gray, Thomas W. Belize, May 1863-September 1872 [Business correspondence and orders] ; 24 items
Box
14 Green & Co. Aspinwall (now Colon), Colombia, December 1874-April 1875 [Business correspondence and detailed orders. "Eagle House Apothecary/ Drug Store"] ; 6 items
Box
14 de Greenham, Ysabel T. Veracruz, Mexico, February 1858-November 1859 [Business correspondence and orders] ; 5 items
Box
14 Greve, Jerman y Ca. Valparaiso, Chile, March 1863-September 1877 [Business correspondence and orders. "Botica y Drogueria Alemana"] ; 62 items
Box
14 Grimwade, Ridley & Co. London, England, November 1871-November 1875 [Business correspondence Includes information on market conditions] ; 20 items
Box
14 Grognet, Carlos. Rosario, Argentina, November 1867-June 1872 [Detailed business correspondence and detailed orders] ; 15 items
Box
14 GR miscellaneous. [Business correspondence Various] ; 49 items
Box
14 Guaderrama, J. M. Porto Cabello, Venezuela, August 1855-September 1868 [Business correspondence and orders] ; 12 items
Box
14 Guasp, Ignacio. Puerto Rico, September 1858-June 1866 [Business correspondence] ; 7 items
Box
14 Guebara, José Próspero. Santiago, Cuba, July 1852-July 1854 [Business correspondence and detailed orders] ; 17 items
Box
14 Guerra, José Manuel. Holquin, Cuba, November 1856-June 1865 [Business correspondence and detailed orders] ; 9 items
Box
14 Guerrero, W. Santo Domingo, Haiti, December 1864-December 1879 [Business correspondence and orders] ; 7 items
Box
14 Guier, Enrique A. Cartago, Costa Rica, April 1873-December 1879 [Business correspondence and orders. "Medical Department, Costa Rica Rail Road". Contains botanical sample in December 1879 letter (ipecacuanha?)] ; 6 items
Box
14 Guillermety, Fidel. San Juan, Puerto Rico, 1868-1880 [Business correspondence and detailed orders] ; 123 items 2 folders
Box
14 Guitart, Miguel. Matanzas, Cuba, February 1864-March 1879 [Business correspondence and detailed orders] ; 54 items
Box
14 Gun, Robert. London, England, January 1862-November 1879 [Business correspondence Includes information about market conditions and regarding advertisement in foreign papers. Majority of letters are from 1862, with only one letter from November 1879 on letterhead of "Gun's Unclaimed Money and Estates Registry and Office of Inquiry for Missing Persons Abroad"] ; 18 items
Box
14 Gutheil y Ca. A. Veracruz, Mexico, July 1870-March 1879 [Business correspondence and orders] ; 57 items
Box
14 Guthrie & Co. Singapore, May 1874-May 1876 [Business correspondence Detailed information on market conditions. Firm made purchases for L&K] ; 86 items
Box
15 Gutierrez-Heilgers
Box
15 Gutierrez, Joaquin, y Ca. Campeche, Mexico, 1854-1877 [Business correspondence and orders. Firm sold L&K goods on commission] ; 146 items 2 folders
Box
15 Gutierrez y Lloreda. Mayagüez, Puerto Rico, May 1853-September 1864 [Business correspondence Firm sold L&K goods on consignment] ; 68 items
Box
15 Guzman, J. C. San Miguel (possibly Phillipines), January 1861-February 1865 [Business correspondence and orders] ; 36 items
Box
15 Guzman, W. y Ca. La Guayra, Venezuela, June 1879-December 1879 [Business correspondence] ; 5 items
Box
15 GU miscellaneous. [Business correspondence and orders.] ; 89 items
Box
15 Hackmack, Garcia y Ca. Veracruz, Mexico, September 1877-December 1879 [Business correspondence] ; 6 items
Box
15 Hadden, James A. London, England, September 1870-June 1872 [Business correspondence relating to Ceylon coffee trade] ; 6 items
Box
15 Haecker, Francisco. San Miguel and Santa Ana, El Salvador, July 1874-September 1879 [Business correspondence and orders (including non-pharmacy products such as lamps and clocks.) "Botica de Francisco Haecker"] ; 13 items
Box
15 Hague y Castagnini. Lima, Peru, 1858-1879 [Business correspondence and orders. Firm sold L&K goods on consignment] ; 129 items 2 folders
Box
15 Hallawell, J. & Co. Liverpool, England, April 1869-December 1879 [Business correspondence and orders. Firm operated out of England but also did drug business in Brazil (Rio Grande do Sul)] ; 126 items
Box
15 Hale, Samuel B. & Co. Buenos Aires, Argentina, 1862-1879 [Business correspondence Firm handled L&K business (shipments and payments) in Buenos Aires] ; 536 items 6 folders
Box
15 Hallgarter, Adolph. Havana, Cuba and other locations, March 1858-April 1878 [Detailed business correspondence and orders. Hallgarter seems to have been a traveling agent for L&K. Accounts of his travels] ; 49 items
Box
15 Hamburger & Batis. Barranquilla, Colombia, October 1855-June 1860 [Business correspondence] ; 24 items
Box
15 Hammer y Herrmann. Buenos Aires, Argentina, March 1874-November 1879 [Business correspondence and orders. "Drogueria del Leon"] ; 8 items
Box
15 Hapet y Laberdesque. Santiago, Cuba, March 1876-November 1879 [Business correspondence and detailed orders. First three letters are from Carbonell y Hapet. Same business name: "Botica del Carmen"] ; 18 items
Box
15 Hare, J. B. Buenos Aires, October 1860-January 1867 [Receipts signed by JB Hare] ; 6 items
Box
15 Hargous Brothers/ L. S. Hargous. Veracruz, Mexico, June 1853-May 1868 [Business correspondence Letters are from L.S. Hargous starting in September 1854. Starting February 1866, letters are from L.S. Hargous y Serna] ; 62 items
Box
15 Harmsen, H. W. / Harmsen & Co. Arequipa and Tacna, Peru, April 1861-December 1878 [Business correspondence Firm sold L&K goods on consignment] ; 64 items
Box
15 Haro, Manuel T. Guayaquil, Ecuador, 1873-1879 [Business correspondence and detailed orders] ; 109 items 2 folders
Box
15 Harris, Frederick. Maracaibo, Venezuela, November 1850-June 1865 [Correspondence. Accounts of his travels and political conditions in Venezuela] ; 18 items
Box
15 Harris, Jorge. Cardenas, Cuba, February 1860-August 1866 [Business correspondence] ; 7 items
Box
15 Hart, Abraham & Son. Montego Bay, Jamaica, March 1877-December 1879 [Business correspondence and orders] ; 13 items
Box
15 Hartmann y Cia. Tacna, Peru, October 1875-June 1877 [Business correspondence] ; 5 items
Box
15 Hasche, E. &A. Hamburg, Germany, January 1876-July 1879 [Business correspondence and orders] ; 13 items
Box
15 Hastings, Silas W. Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, June 1879-October 1879 [Business correspondence Firm sold coffee and other native produce to L&K] ; 8 items
Box
15 C. Hauer Simmonds Y Co. Santamarta, Colombia, January 1860-November 1864 [Business correspondence] ; 29 items
Box
15 Hazera y Cia. Leon, Nicaragua, June 1876-November 1879 [Business correspondence and orders] ; 10 items
Box
15 HA miscellaneous. [Business correspondence and orders.] ; 68 items
Box
15 Heard, Augustine & Co. Shanghai, Hong Kong, and Canton, China, 1864-1875 [Business correspondence Firm sold goods on consignment for L&K. Includes printed bulletins produced by Heard & Co.; mention business conditions in Asia and political events (including Boshin War in Japan, 1867-68). Operated in several different cities; see folders below] ; 112 items
Box
15 Heffter, E. R. Smyrna, Turkey, May 1867-October 1867 [Business correspondence Concerning the opium trade] ; 8 items
Box
15 Heilgers, F. W. Calcutta, India and London, England, 1874-1879 [Detailed business correspondence. Concerning the indigo trade, also information on other products on the Indian market. Contains a number of telegrams which are in code] ; 233 items
Box
16 Heinen-I miscellaneous
Box
16 Heinen, H. E. Havana, Cuba, September 1878-December 1879 [Business correspondence] ; 9 items
Box
16 Heise, Kraemer & Co. Mayagüez, Puerto Rico, October 1874-October 1879 [Business correspondence Collections and information on market conditions in Cuba] ; 18 items
Box
16 Helquero y Ca. Lima, Peru, July 1871-July 1874 [Business correspondence] ; 6 items
Box
16 Hempstead, C. Belize, January 1863-January 1870 [Business correspondence and orders] ; 16 items
Box
16 Henna, Joseph. Ponce, Puerto Rico, March 1858-May 1866 [Business correspondence and detailed orders] ; 28 items
Box
16 Herbruger, F. C. Panama, October 1861-August 1879 [Business correspondence and orders. Complaints about the quality of good, including opium] ; 109 items
Box
16 Hermes, Jeronimo. Santa Cruz, Tenerife, Spain, June 1871-December 1872 [Business correspondence] ; 9 items
Box
16 Hernandez, S. Santa Marta and Barranquilla, Colombia, June 1878-December 1879 [Business correspondence and detailed orders] ; 6 items
Box
16 Heron, William. Manchester, England; 3 items
Box
16 Correspondence related to the death of William Flag, January 1853-June 1853
Box
16 Herrena, Manuel. San Salvador, September 1872-November 1873 [Business correspondence and detailed orders] ; 8 items
Box
16 Herrena, Narciso. Tampico, Mexico, March 1865-March 1867 [Business correspondence and detailed orders] ; 9 items
Box
16 Herrera, Arcadio. Tampico, Mexico, March 1867-November 1867 [Business correspondence and detailed orders] ; 7 items
Box
16 Hesse & Co. Hong Kong, June 1870-October 1878 [Business correspondence and orders] ; 12 items
Box
16 Heurtematte, M. Panama, October 1867-November 1875 [Business correspondence and orders. "Bazar Frances"] ; 33 items
Box
16 Heyl, J. R. Hamilton, Bermuda, May 1878-September 1879 [Business correspondence. See also Series III, Photocopies regarding stamps and telegraphs] ; 5 items
Box
16 HE miscellaneous. [Business correspondence and orders.] ; 74 items
Box
16 Hilbck, Francisco y Ca. Piura, Peru, June 1878-November 1879 [Business correspondence] ; 5 items
Box
16 de Hita, R. M. Havana, Cuba, May 1854-October 1864 [Business correspondence and detailed orders] ; 11 items
Box
16 Hjalmarsen, Justo/ Vinda. Recibo, Puerto Rico, June 1861-December 1879 [Business correspondence and orders] ; 55 items
Box
16 Hoard, Charles A. New York, US and St. Johns, Puerto Rico, September 1876-August 1878 [Business correspondence] ; 19 items
Box
16 Hoard, G. C. Montevideo, Uruguay, September 1873-January 1879 [Business correspondence and orders] ; 21 items
Box
16 Hochstetter, A. & Co. Santiago, Chile, October 1875-December 1879 [Business correspondence and detailed orders] ; 8 items
Box
16 Hogg, A. G. & Co. Hong Kong, February 1868-March 1872 [Business correspondence Firm sold L&K goods on consignment] ; 23 items
Box
16 Honig, B. Mexico, October 1860-July 1876 [Business correspondence and orders] ; 14 items
Box
16 Horace, S. A. Buchanan, Scotland, June 1867-April 1874 [Business correspondence and orders] ; 19 items
Box
16 Horner & Foster. Cartagena, Colombia, March 1858-April 1859 [Business correspondence and detailed orders] ; 33 items
Box
16 Hourquet Poylo & Co. Panama, January 1864-November 1875 [Business correspondence and orders. One document (1864) from Cabrero Hourquet y Cia] ; 13 items
Box
16 Hoyer, C & Co. Barranquilla, Colombia, December 1877-January 1879 [Business correspondence and detailed orders] ; 12 items
Box
16 de Hoyo, Celestino Ruiz. Merida, Mexico, September 1863-April 1864 [Business correspondence and detailed orders] ; 6 items
Box
16 Hoyo y Espinoza. Havana, Cuba, October 1869-February 1871 [Business correspondence and orders] ; 7 items
Box
16 Hoya, José de Jesus. Ocaña, Colombia, November 1856-September 1867 [Business correspondence and detailed orders] ; 19 items
Box
16 Hoyos, Luis y Comp. Veracruz, Mexico, October 1878-December 1879 [Business correspondence and detailed orders] ; 27 items
Box
16 de la Hoz Hermanos. Barranquilla, Colombia, December 1875-November 1879 [Business correspondence and orders] ; 13 items
Box
16 HI-HO miscellaneous. [Business correspondence and orders.] ; 44 items
Box
16 Hubbard & Steencken. Port au Prince, Haiti, March 1863-August 1867 [Business correspondence Collections] ; 69 items
Box
16 Hudson, Malcolm & Co. Yokohama, Japan, June 1872-March 1875 [Business correspondence Sold L&K goods on commission. Information on market conditions] ; 28 items
Box
16 Hugentobler Haltmeyer & Co. San Miguel, December 1870-December 1879 [Business correspondence and orders] ; 89 items
Box
16 Hughes, J. J. & Sons. St. Vincent, West Indies, April 1865-March 1873 [Business correspondence Firm sold L&K goods on commission] ; 11 items
Box
16 Humphreys, Enrique y Ca. Tacna & Lima, Peru, 1868-1879 [Business correspondence and detailed orders. Firm sold L&K goods on commission] ; 130 items 2 folders
Box
16 Huth, Frederick & Co. London, England, November 1873-June 1875 [Business correspondence] ; 5 items
Box
16 HU miscellaneous. [Business correspondence and orders.] ; 37 items
Box
16 Hynen Freres/ Hynen Sterckx. Antwerp, Belgium, October 1875-December 1879 [Business correspondence and orders. Firm sold L&K goods on commission] ; 19 items
Box
16 Ibañez y Lamarque. Puebla, Mexico, September 1868-June 1879 [Business correspondence and orders. "Almacen de Drogas - Botica Francesa". Requested non-drug items, ie books and enameling machine] ; 37 items
Box
16 Ibarra, Andres. Campeche, Mexico, June 1857-August 1878 [Business correspondence and detailed orders] ; 70 items
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16 Icard Freres/ André Icard. Smyrna (Izmir), Turkey, December 1870-January 1880 [Business correspondence and orders. "Produits Chimiques & Drogueries". Includes information on opium trade] ; 37 items
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16 Ihmsen & Cie. Constantinople (Istanbul), Turkey, 1868-1879 [Business correspondence and orders. Coded telegrams. Firm bought and sold opium] ; 136 items 2 folders
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16 "El Imporcial" Trinidad, Cuba, April 1867-June 1869 [Business correspondence regarding newspaper advertisements. P. Boranano, editor] ; 6 items
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16 Infante, José Maria/ J. C. Infante. Santamarta, Colombia, 1853-1879 [Business correspondence and detailed orders] ; 163 items 2 folders
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16 Insignáres, N. G. Barranquilla, Colombia, November 1878-December 1879 [Business correspondence and detailed orders. "Medico Cirujano de la Facultad de Paris"] ; 13 items
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16 Insignáres & Roca. Barranquilla, Colombia, November 1875-October 1879 [Business correspondence and orders] ; 17 items
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16 Indo-European Telegraph Company. London, England; 6 items
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16 Correspondence regarding telegrams sent to Bombay and Calcutta "via Teheran," August 1872-June 1874
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16 Irmãos, Silva Lopes. Bahia, Brazil, June 1878-December 1879 [Business correspondence and orders. Includes one letter from Soares Leite Irmãos, Pernambuco] ; 8 items
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16 Irvine, Thomas & Co. Liverpool, England, 1864-1879 [Business correspondence "Forwarding and Shipping Agents". Firm shipped opium and other goods to L&K that had been sold by other agents, W.H. Cole and others] ; 435 items 4 folders
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16 Isoza y Escobar. Medellin, Colombia, November 1867-December 1879 [Business correspondence and orders] ; 81 items
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16 Miscellaneous [Business correspondence and orders.] ; 30 items
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17 Jacob-Landsburgh
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17 Jacob, Victor. Montevideo, Uruguay, July 1873-December 1878 [Business correspondence and orders] ; 12 items
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17 Jacobsen, Ferdinand. Hamburg, Germany, August 1878-August 1879 [Business correspondence] ; 5 items
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17 Jácome, José D. & Hermano. Ocaña, Colombia, May 1878-December 1879 [Business correspondence and orders] ; 39 items
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17 JA miscellaneous. [Business correspondence and orders.] ; 37 items
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17 Jecker, Torre y Cia/ Jecker, J. B y Ca. Mexico, May 1854-June 1870 [Business correspondence Firm sold L&K goods on commission. Mentions political events in Mexico] ; 103 items
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17 Jennings, Thomas. Cork, Ireland, January 1861-November 1879 [Firm supplied L&K with magnesia] ; 44 items
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17 Jenny, James H. Honda (?), March 1864-December 1864 [Business correspondence] ; 6 items
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17 Jesurun, J. A. & Zoon. Curaçao, Dutch Antilles, July 1854-October 1861 [Business correspondence Firm sold L&K goods on commission] ; 9 items
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17 JE miscellaneous. [Business correspondence Various] ; 7 items
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17 Jiraldo, Juan A. Barranquilla, Colombia, February 1876-July 1879 [Business correspondence and detailed orders] ; 53 items
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17 JI miscellaneous. [Business correspondence Various] ; 18 items
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17 Jones, Eduardo/ Enrique (Henry). Sonsonate, El Salvador, October 1872-August 1878 [Firm shipped hides to L&K on consignment and sold L&K goods in return] ; 58 items
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17 Jones, James & Henry. Curaçao, Dutch Antilles, January 1874-March 1875 [Business correspondence] ; 15 items
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17 Johnston, G. W. Maracaibo, Venezuela, February 1851-July 1853 [Business correspondence] ; 8 items
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17 Johnston, Saunders & Co. Bahia, Brazil, August 1858-May 1863 [Business correspondence Firm sold L&K goods on commission] ; 7 items
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17 Jordan & Osborne. Kingston, Jamaica, June 1862-January 1864 [Business correspondence] ; 6 items
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17 "Jornal da Bahia" and other Brazilian periodicals., December 1862-September 1868 [Charts showing advertisement placement in several periodicals: "Jornal da Bahia," "Diario de Pernambuco," "Diario da Bahia," "Correio Paulistano," "Jornal do Commercio," "Jornal do Amazonas"] ; 8 items
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17 Joubert, H. J. Lima, Peru, May 1857-August 1859 [Business correspondence and detailed orders. Includes sample labels for products] ; 16 items
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17 de Jough, José. Sagua la Grande, Cuba, March 1872-April 1874 [Business correspondence and orders] ; 8 items
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17 JO miscellaneous. [Business correspondence Various] ; 26 items
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17 Juhl, P. & Co. Amapala, Honduras, June 1876-December 1879 [Business correspondence and detailed orders. "Agents of Pacific M.S.S. Co". Firm sold L&K goods on commission] ; 24 items
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17 JU miscellaneous. [Business correspondence Various] ; 10 items
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17 Kaastrup, J. P. Pelotas, Brazil, May 1875-October 1878 [Business correspondence and orders] ; 5 items
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17 Kalkmann & Cie. Ceará, Brazil, July 1868-July 1874 [Business correspondence Firm sold L&K goods on commission] ; 9 items
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17 Kayser, Carlo. Milan, Italy, January 1876-July 1877 [Business correspondence] ; 5 items
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17 KA miscellaneous [Business correspondence Various] ; 19 items
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17 Keith, M. C. & Co. Puerto Limon, Costa Rica, May 1873-June 1879 [Business correspondence and orders. Firm sold L&K goods on commission] ; 32 items
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17 Kemp, Edward. Paris, Smyrna and other locations, February 1870-May 1881 [Business correspondence Travelling agent reporting from Paris (where he set up an office) and Smyrna] ; 8 items
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17 Kemp, George. Havana and other locations, April 1853-October 1876 [Business correspondence Travelling agent] ; 13 items
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17 Keogh & Hardiman. San Salvador, El Salvador, May 1868-January 1871 [Business correspondence Firm sold L&K goods on commission and bought raw materials (especially indigo) on L&K's behalf. Refers to advertising. Several letters refer to the insurance claims on the cargo of a wrecked ship. See also other Kerford and Keogh firms and Kerford & Keogh] ; 27 items
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17 Keogh, W. B. Sonsonate, El Salvador, April 1863-April 1867 [Business correspondence and orders. Referred by Joseph Kerford] ; 10 items
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17 Ker Bolton & Co. London, England, May 1874-December 1876 [Business correspondence] ; 6 items
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17 Ker & Co. Manila, Philippines, June 1862-December 1876 [Detailed business correspondence. Firm sold L&K goods on commission and bought raw materials (especially indigo and hemp) on L&K's behalf] ; 43 items
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17 Kerford, George B. & Co. Liverpool, England, September 1863-February 1879 [Business correspondence] ; 14 items
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17 Kerford, Joseph. Sonsonate, El Salvador, February 1863-December 1867 [Business correspondence and orders. Kerford recommends W.B. Keough as an agent] ; 23 items
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17 Kerford & Keogh. San Salvador, El Salvador, February 1871-February 1874 [Detailed business correspondence and orders. Mentions political upheaval and revolutions; also mentions difficulty with shipments, damaged goods and insurance. See also Kerford & Keogh] ; 26 items
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17 Kerford, Nephew & Co. San Salvador, El Salvador, May 1866-December 1868 [Business correspondence and orders. Joseph Kerford was affiliated with this business until his death in January 1868, as was W.B. Keogh. Refers to advertising] ; 12 items
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17 Kerford, Sinclair & Co. San Salvador, El Salvador, January 1865-September 1865 [Business correspondence Referral from Joseph Kerford (Sonsonate)] ; 5 items
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17 Kern, Santiago. Veracruz, Mexico, February 1878-December 1879 [Business correspondence] ; 5 items
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17 Kerr, J. E. Montego Bay, Jamaica, December 1875-December 1879 [Business correspondence and orders. Includes orders for sewing machines. Firm sold L&K goods on commission] ; 18 items
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17 KE miscellaneous. [Business correspondence and orders.] ; 23 items
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17 Kilburne, E. D. & Co. London, England, March 1872-May 1872 [Business correspondence] ; 5 items
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17 Kinkead, E. D. Kingston, Jamaica, October 1874-December 1878 [Business correspondence and orders] ; 14 items
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17 Klein, Joseph S. & Co. Demerara, Guyana, October 1862-July 1879 [Business correspondence and orders. Firm sold L&K goods on commission. Mentions advertising] ; 73 items
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17 Klenlo, Saniter & Eggerss/ Klenlo & Eggerss. Marseilles, France, October 1863-November 1872 [Business correspondence and orders. Information on market conditions. Firm name changed after October 1867] ; 20 items
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17 Knight, José & Co. Matanzas and Havana, Cuba, 1863-1871 [Business correspondence and orders. Firm sold L&K goods on commission] ; 189 items 2 folders
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17 KI-KN miscellaneous. [Business correspondence and orders.] ; 9 items
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17 Koefoed, Whitmore & Co. St. Thomas, Virgin Islands, December 1858-August 1859 [Business correspondence and orders. Includes printed price sheets for St. Thomas markets in 1859] ; 8 items
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17 Koenig, Carlos. Santiago, Cuba, December 1867-May 1875 [Business correspondence and detailed orders] ; 17 items
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17 Koppel, Schrader & Ca/ Koppel, Schrader & Müller. Bucaramanga, Colombia, April 1875-December 1879 [Business correspondence and detailed orders. Firm name changed to Koppel, Schrader & Müller after June 1876 and changed back after November 1877] ; 20 items
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17 KO miscellaneous. [Business correspondence and orders.] ; 8 items
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17 Kratochwil, J. Panama, July 1859-June 1879 [Business correspondence and orders. Firm sold L&K goods on commission] ; 22 items
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17 Kronheim, J. M. & Co. London, En