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Michael Tenenbaum papers
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Michael Tenenbaum papers

Accession 2276

Manuscripts and Archives Department, Hagley Museum and Library


PO Box 3630
Wilmington, Delaware, 19807
302-658-2400
research@hagley.org

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Finding aid prepared using best local practices and Describing Archives: A Content Standard

Cite items for this collection in the following format:
[Description and dates], Box/folder number, Michael Tenenbaum papers (Accession 2276), Hagley Museum and Library, Wilmington, DE 19807

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Descriptive Summary

Title: Michael Tenenbaum papers
Dates: 1913-2005
Accession Number: 2276
Creator: Tenenbaum, Michael, 1913-2005
Extent: 1 linear foot
Language of Material: English
Repository: Hagley Museum and Library: Manuscripts and Archives Department
Abstract: Michael Tenenbaum was a prominent metallurgist and executive with Inland Steel Company. Tenenbaum's papers consist of a series of his writings and speeches and a small number of Inland Steel Company publications.
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Biographical Note

Michael Tenenbaum was born July 23, 1914 in St. Paul, Minnesota. Tenenbaum attended the University of Minnesota, receiving a degree in Metallurgical Engineering in 1936, an M. S. in 1937, and a PhD in metallurgy and physical chemistry in 1940. He received an honorary ScD was received from Northwestern University in 1974.

After receiving his PhD, Tenenbaum began working for Inland Steel Company as a metallurgist. He also held positions of assistant superintendent of quality control, and superintendent of the metallurgical department. During this period, he coordinated the company’s technical activities in research, quality control, production management, and sales. In 1961, Tenenbaum was promoted from assistant general manager of technical services to the position of general manager of research and quality control. Tenenbaum was vice president of research from 1966-1968, vice president of steel manufacturing from 1968-1971, and president of Inland Steel Company from 1971-1978. During his career, Tenenbaum was also a director and chairman of Caland Ore Co., Ltd., and a director of Jackson County Iron Co., Inland Steel Coal Co., Inland Steel Mining Co., J. T. Ryerson & Co., Inland-Ryerson Construction Products Co., Continental Illinois Corp., and Continental Illinois National Bank & Trust Co. Tenenbaum holds two patents: one patent covers an oxygen steel-making process, and the other is for a method for adding lead to steel. Tenenbaum has written many scientific and technical articles on metallurgy and the chemistry of steel refining.

Tenenbaum was a Howe Memorial lecturer in 1969, received an Outstanding Achievement Award from the University of Minnesota in 1967, and an award for excellence from Carnegie-Mellon in 1972. He has been a Fellow in the American Institute of Mining, Metallurgical and Petroleum Engineers (serving as vice president in 1969 and on the board of directors from 1964-1970), and a member of the American Society for Metals, the Association of Iron and Steel Engineers, the Society of Automotive Engineers, and the Iron and Steel Institute (International, American and British). Tenenbaum is a former vice president and director of AIME, and a past president and director of The Metallurgical Society of AIME.

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Scope and Content

Michael Tenenbaum's papers consist of a series of his writings and speeches and a small number of Inland Steel Company publications.

The earliest writings are technical papers on the metallurgy and chemistry of steel. As Tenenbaum rose within the company, his topics expanded to include overviews of research within the industry and new technologies such as the basic oxygen furnace and continuous casting, in which he made major contributions. By the 1970s, Tenenbaum was writing on new concerns such as air pollution, energy conservation, and the problems of an industry undergoing globalization and, in the U.S., traumatic restructuring. Of particular note are reports on visits to steel works in Europe and Japan.

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Series Descriptions and Inventory

I. Papers and speeches, 1937-1979
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1 "A Review of Steelmaking Processes", undated
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1 "Energy and the U. S. Steel Industry", by Michael Tenenbaum and Frank W. Luersson, 1971 October 12
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1 "Images of Steel - An Artistic Viewpoint" (speech presented to the Minnesota Section of AIME), undated
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1 Integrated Steel Issue Identification and Assumption Review Meeting, 1980 August 19
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1 "Iron and Society: A Case Study in Constraints and Incentives", by Michael Tenenbaum, 1976 March
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1 Japanese Trip Report, 1975 August 12
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1 "Nonmetallic Phases in Low-Carbon Sheet Steels of Various Origins", by Michael Tenenbaum, 1969 August
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1 Papers and speeches by Michael Tenenbaum, Volume 1, 1937-1951: "A New Method for Agglomerating Iron Ores", by Michael Tenenbaum, 1937
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1 Papers and speeches by Michael Tenenbaum, Volume 1, 1937-1951: "The Effect of Treating Cast Iron with Caustic Soda", by T. L. Joseph, F. W. Scott and M. Tenenbaum, 1938 December
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1 Papers and speeches by Michael Tenenbaum, Volume 1, 1937-1951: "Reduction of Iron Ores under Pressure by Hydrogen", by Michael Tenenbaum and T. L. Joseph, 1939
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1 Papers and speeches by Michael Tenenbaum, Volume 1, 1937-1951: "Reduction of Iron Ores under Pressure by Carbon Monoxide", by Michael Tenenbaum and T. L. Joseph, 1940
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1 Papers and speeches by Michael Tenenbaum, Volume 1, 1937-1951: "Report on Use of Active Mixers", by Michael Tenenbaum, 1941 September 15
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1 Papers and speeches by Michael Tenenbaum, Volume 1, 1937-1951: "Phosphorus Distribution in the Basic Open Hearth Furnace", 1944
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1 Papers and speeches by Michael Tenenbaum, Volume 1, 1937-1951: "Chapter XII; Charging, Melting, and Refining Practice", by W. O. Philbrook, M. Tenenbaum, and F. M. Washburn, 1944
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1 Papers and speeches by Michael Tenenbaum, Volume 1, 1937-1951: "Review of Iron and Steel Process Metallurgy for 1944", 1945
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1 Papers and speeches by Michael Tenenbaum, Volume 1, 1937-1951: "The Total Oxygen Content of Plain Carbon Open-hearth Steel During Deoxidation and Teeming", by Michael Tenenbaum and C. C. Brown, 1944
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1 Papers and speeches by Michael Tenenbaum, Volume 1, 1937-1951: "Review of Recent Developments in Basic Open-hearth Slag Control", by Michael Tenenbaum, 1945
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1 Papers and speeches by Michael Tenenbaum, Volume 1, 1937-1951: "Application of pH Slag-basicity Measurements to Basic Open-hearth Phosphorus Control", by Michael Tenenbaum and C. C. Brown, 1945
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1 Papers and speeches by Michael Tenenbaum, Volume 1, 1937-1951: "Metallurgy of the Open Hearth Process", 1946
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1 Papers and speeches by Michael Tenenbaum, Volume 1, 1937-1951: "Summary of Questionnaire on Deoxidation Practice", T. S. Washburn, 1946
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1 Papers and speeches by Michael Tenenbaum, Volume 1, 1937-1951: "Structure, Segregation and Solidification of Semikilled Steel Ingots", by Michael Tenenbaum, 1947
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1 Papers and speeches by Michael Tenenbaum, Volume 1, 1937-1951: "Effect of Sulphur on Quality and End Uses of Steel Products", by M. Tenenbaum, 1949
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1 Papers and speeches by Michael Tenenbaum, Volume 1, 1937-1951: "Physical Chemistry of Slag Metal Reactions", 1950
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1 Papers and speeches by Michael Tenenbaum, Volume 1, 1937-1951: "Quality Control in the Basic Open Hearth", 1950
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1 Papers and speeches by Michael Tenenbaum, Volume 1, 1937-1951: "Oxygen Steelmaking Process", 1950
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1 Papers and speeches by Michael Tenenbaum, Volume 1, 1937-1951: "Direct Reduction of Iron Ore Using the Fluidized Solids Technique", by M. Tenenbaum and C. M. Squarcy, 1951
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1 Papers and speeches by Michael Tenenbaum, Volume 2, May 4, 1955 - April 24, 1968: "A Proposal for an Interpretive Metallurgical Division in the Quality Control Department", 1955 May 4
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1 Papers and speeches by Michael Tenenbaum, Volume 2, May 4, 1955 - April 24, 1968: "Solidification of Continuously Cast Rim Steel", 1956 February 29
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1 Papers and speeches by Michael Tenenbaum, Volume 2, May 4, 1955 - April 24, 1968: "Solidification of Steel Ingots", 1956 May 10
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1 Papers and speeches by Michael Tenenbaum, Volume 2, May 4, 1955 - April 24, 1968: "Continuous Casting of Three Types of Low Carbon Steel", by F. G. Jaicks, L. E. Kraay, and M. Tenenbaum, 1957 August
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1 Papers and speeches by Michael Tenenbaum, Volume 2, May 4, 1955 - April 24, 1968: "Observations Regarding Properties and Performance of Continuously Cast Low-Carbon Steel Products", by M. Tenenbaum, R. N. Edmondson, and Logan Mair, 1958 August
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1 Papers and speeches by Michael Tenenbaum, Volume 2, May 4, 1955 - April 24, 1968: "Solidification Characteristics of continuously Cast Low-Carbon Steels", M. Tenenbaum, C. F. Schrader, and L. Mair, 1959 January
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1 Papers and speeches by Michael Tenenbaum, Volume 2, May 4, 1955 - April 24, 1968: Possible Trends in the American Steel Industry, 1959 March 13
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1 Papers and speeches by Michael Tenenbaum, Volume 2, May 4, 1955 - April 24, 1968: Trends in the Steel Industry, 1960 November 22
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1 Papers and speeches by Michael Tenenbaum, Volume 2, May 4, 1955 - April 24, 1968: Discussion of paper "Continuous Casting: Its Changing Role in Steelmaking", 1963 May
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1 Papers and speeches by Michael Tenenbaum, Volume 2, May 4, 1955 - April 24, 1968: "Seven Metallurgical Challenges of the Iron and Steel Industry", 1963 June
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1 Papers and speeches by Michael Tenenbaum, Volume 2, May 4, 1955 - April 24, 1968: "Decisions in Steelmaking", 1963 September 18
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1 Papers and speeches by Michael Tenenbaum, Volume 2, May 4, 1955 - April 24, 1968: Inland's Future in East Chicago (speech given by R. S. Gentz), 1963 October 1
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1 Papers and speeches by Michael Tenenbaum, Volume 2, May 4, 1955 - April 24, 1968: Research in the Iron and Steel Industry, 1964 March 12
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1 Papers and speeches by Michael Tenenbaum, Volume 2, May 4, 1955 - April 24, 1968: Japan Talk, 1964 June 11
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1 Papers and speeches by Michael Tenenbaum, Volume 2, May 4, 1955 - April 24, 1968: Frontiers in Iron-and-Steel-Industry Research, 1965 January 5
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1 Papers and speeches by Michael Tenenbaum, Volume 2, May 4, 1955 - April 24, 1968: Vacuum Technology, 1966 January 6
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1 Papers and speeches by Michael Tenenbaum, Volume 2, May 4, 1955 - April 24, 1968: Developments in Iron-and-Steel-Industry Research, 1966 January 26
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1 Papers and speeches by Michael Tenenbaum, Volume 2, May 4, 1955 - April 24, 1968: Some Implications of Technological Advances in the Steel Industry, 1966 May 12
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1 Papers and speeches by Michael Tenenbaum, Volume 2, May 4, 1955 - April 24, 1968: Implications of Technological Advances in the Steel Industry, 1966 October 1
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1 Papers and speeches by Michael Tenenbaum, Volume 2, May 4, 1955 - April 24, 1968: Future Steel-Industry Developments, 1966 December 1
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1 Papers and speeches by Michael Tenenbaum, Volume 2, May 4, 1955 - April 24, 1968: Progress Report of Joint Inland-Bethlehem Slab Continuous Casting Study, 1967 June
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1 Papers and speeches by Michael Tenenbaum, Volume 2, May 4, 1955 - April 24, 1968: Outline - Steel Manufacturing Lecture (Milwaukee - ASM), 1967 October 23
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1 Papers and speeches by Michael Tenenbaum, Volume 2, May 4, 1955 - April 24, 1968: Research and Development Programs, 1967 October 25
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1 Papers and speeches by Michael Tenenbaum, Volume 2, May 4, 1955 - April 24, 1968: Notes for talk to local sections (of AIME), 1968 March 18
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1 Papers and speeches by Michael Tenenbaum, Volume 2, May 4, 1955 - April 24, 1968: Inland's Research, Annual Stockholders Meeting, 1968 April 24
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1 Papers and speeches by Michael Tenenbaum Volume 3, February 18, 1969 - October 29, 1974: "Nonmetallic Phases in Low-Carbon Sheet Steels of Various Origins" (first presented as a speech February 18, 1969), 1969 August
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1 Papers and speeches by Michael Tenenbaum Volume 3, February 18, 1969 - October 29, 1974: New York Society of Security Analysts' Tour, 1969 September 16
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1 Papers and speeches by Michael Tenenbaum Volume 3, February 18, 1969 - October 29, 1974: Remarks at opening of new research lab, 1969 September 25
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1 Papers and speeches by Michael Tenenbaum Volume 3, February 18, 1969 - October 29, 1974: Presentation to the Board of Directors - No. 2 Open Hearth Air Pollution Abatement Program, 1970 April 22
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1 Papers and speeches by Michael Tenenbaum Volume 3, February 18, 1969 - October 29, 1974: Some Observations Regarding Inclusions in Low-Carbon Steels, 1970 April 30
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1 Papers and speeches by Michael Tenenbaum Volume 3, February 18, 1969 - October 29, 1974: Product Yields - Indiana Harbor Works, 1970 May 20
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1 Papers and speeches by Michael Tenenbaum Volume 3, February 18, 1969 - October 29, 1974: Steel Operations and Capital Program, 1970 September 24
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1 Papers and speeches by Michael Tenenbaum Volume 3, February 18, 1969 - October 29, 1974: Talk about sources of dirty air, 1971 February 19
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1 Papers and speeches by Michael Tenenbaum Volume 3, February 18, 1969 - October 29, 1974: TMS - AIME: History and structure, 1971 March 31
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1 Papers and speeches by Michael Tenenbaum Volume 3, February 18, 1969 - October 29, 1974: "Energy and the U. S. Steel Industry", 1971 October 12
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1 Papers and speeches by Michael Tenenbaum Volume 3, February 18, 1969 - October 29, 1974: Outlook for the Steel Business in 1972, 1971 October 21
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1 Papers and speeches by Michael Tenenbaum Volume 3, February 18, 1969 - October 29, 1974: Panel discussion with Orville Freeman, Economic Club of Chicago, 1971 November 15
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1 Papers and speeches by Michael Tenenbaum Volume 3, February 18, 1969 - October 29, 1974: Energy and the Steel Industry, 1972 January 11
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1 Papers and speeches by Michael Tenenbaum Volume 3, February 18, 1969 - October 29, 1974: "Raw Materials and Change", 1972 March
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1 Papers and speeches by Michael Tenenbaum Volume 3, February 18, 1969 - October 29, 1974: Productivity, 1972 April 26
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1 Papers and speeches by Michael Tenenbaum Volume 3, February 18, 1969 - October 29, 1974: Productivity and Management Development, 1972 April 29
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1 Papers and speeches by Michael Tenenbaum Volume 3, February 18, 1969 - October 29, 1974: Outlook for Inland Steel Company, 1972 September 21
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1 Papers and speeches by Michael Tenenbaum Volume 3, February 18, 1969 - October 29, 1974: Talk presented to the Inland Steel 15-Year Club, 1972 September 22
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1 Papers and speeches by Michael Tenenbaum Volume 3, February 18, 1969 - October 29, 1974: Technology, Free Enterprise, and the Managed Society, 1972 October 19
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1 Papers and speeches by Michael Tenenbaum Volume 3, February 18, 1969 - October 29, 1974: Business Executive of the Day, 1973 January 12
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1 Papers and speeches by Michael Tenenbaum Volume 3, February 18, 1969 - October 29, 1974: The World of Steel - In the Eye of the Beholder, 1973 April 11
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1 Papers and speeches by Michael Tenenbaum Volume 3, February 18, 1969 - October 29, 1974: Raw Materials and Change, 1973 April 24
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1 Papers and speeches by Michael Tenenbaum Volume 3, February 18, 1969 - October 29, 1974: Profits and the Public Conscience, 1973 September 13
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1 Papers and speeches by Michael Tenenbaum Volume 3, February 18, 1969 - October 29, 1974: The State of the Steel Industry, 1974 January 16
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1 Papers and speeches by Michael Tenenbaum Volume 3, February 18, 1969 - October 29, 1974: Outlook for Capital Outlays in Steel, 1974 May 1
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1 Papers and speeches by Michael Tenenbaum Volume 3, February 18, 1969 - October 29, 1974: Management Amid Scarcity (Energy), 1974 May 10
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1 Papers and speeches by Michael Tenenbaum Volume 3, February 18, 1969 - October 29, 1974: Energy Strategy for a Large, Integrated Steel Plant, 1974 September 10
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1 Papers and speeches by Michael Tenenbaum Volume 3, February 18, 1969 - October 29, 1974: Inland's 1974 Capital Expansion Program, 1974 October 3
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1 Papers and speeches by Michael Tenenbaum Volume 3, February 18, 1969 - October 29, 1974: Voluntary Energy Conservation Program Meeting, White House, 1974 October 16
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1 Papers and speeches by Michael Tenenbaum Volume 3, February 18, 1969 - October 29, 1974: The Anatomy of a Steel Shortage, 1974 October 29
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1 Papers and speeches by Michael Tenenbaum Volume 4, January 7, 1975 - May 11, 1978: The Innovation Circle, 1975 January 7
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1 Papers and speeches by Michael Tenenbaum Volume 4, January 7, 1975 - May 11, 1978: Inland's Steel Expansion Program, 1975 April 23
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1 Papers and speeches by Michael Tenenbaum Volume 4, January 7, 1975 - May 11, 1978: Steel Industry Commodities and the U. S. Economy, 1975 April 30
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1 Papers and speeches by Michael Tenenbaum Volume 4, January 7, 1975 - May 11, 1978: Report to financial analysts - Inland expansion program, 1975 June 3
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1 Papers and speeches by Michael Tenenbaum Volume 4, January 7, 1975 - May 11, 1978: Reflections for a bicentennial, 1975 September 23
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1 Papers and speeches by Michael Tenenbaum Volume 4, January 7, 1975 - May 11, 1978: Iron and Society - A Case Study in Constraints and Incentives, 1975 November 12
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1 Papers and speeches by Michael Tenenbaum Volume 4, January 7, 1975 - May 11, 1978: Inland's Expansion, 1976 April 28
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1 Papers and speeches by Michael Tenenbaum Volume 4, January 7, 1975 - May 11, 1978: Changing World Steel Patterns, 1976 September 24
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1 Papers and speeches by Michael Tenenbaum Volume 4, January 7, 1975 - May 11, 1978: Changing Steel Patterns in a Changing World, 1976 November 17
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1 Papers and speeches by Michael Tenenbaum Volume 4, January 7, 1975 - May 11, 1978: Memorial Statement - Frank Garofalo Memorial Lecture, Northwestern University, 1977 January 18
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1 Papers and speeches by Michael Tenenbaum Volume 4, January 7, 1975 - May 11, 1978: The Iron Age Revisited, 1977 February 22
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1 Papers and speeches by Michael Tenenbaum Volume 4, January 7, 1975 - May 11, 1978: Reflections on Steel's Energy Maze, 1977 May 25
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1 Papers and speeches by Michael Tenenbaum Volume 4, January 7, 1975 - May 11, 1978: Interview with Dr. Michael Tenenbaum, by Herbert Halbrecht, 1977 September
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1 Papers and speeches by Michael Tenenbaum Volume 4, January 7, 1975 - May 11, 1978: Steel Industry Perspective - 1978, 1977 September 29
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1 Papers and speeches by Michael Tenenbaum Volume 4, January 7, 1975 - May 11, 1978: Report on Steel Industry, 1978 January 6
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1 Papers and speeches by Michael Tenenbaum Volume 4, January 7, 1975 - May 11, 1978: Expediency and Morality Comments, 1976 April 2
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1 Papers and speeches by Michael Tenenbaum Volume 4, January 7, 1975 - May 11, 1978: Innovations in Steel Manufacturing, 1978 April 26
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1 Papers and speeches by Michael Tenenbaum Volume 4, January 7, 1975 - May 11, 1978: The Changing Scene in Steel, 1978 May 11
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1 Papers and speeches by Michael Tenenbaum Volume 4, January 7, 1975 - May 11, 1978: The World of Steel - In the Eye of the Beholder, undated
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1 Papers and speeches by Michael Tenenbaum Volume 5: Complete index to volumes 1-4, undated
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1 Papers and speeches by Michael Tenenbaum Volume 5: Ten Tenenbaum Tenets, undated
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1 Phosphorus Distributions in the Basic Open Hearth Furnace, undated
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1 "Reduction of Iron Ores Under Pressure by Hydrogen", by Michael Tenenbaum and T. L. Joseph, 1939
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1 Report on Use of Active Mixers, 1941 September 15
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1 "Solidification of Continuously Cast Rim Steel", by M. Tenenbaum, 1956 February 29
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1 Solidification of Steel Ingots, undated
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1 Steelmaking Processes in Relation to Types of Iron Ore Reserves, 1947 August 22
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1 "Structure, Segregation and Solidification of Semikilled Steel Ingots", by Michael Tenenbaum, 1947 September
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1 "The Effect of Treating Cast Iron with Caustic Soda", by T. L. Joseph, F. W. Scott, and M. Tenenbaum, 1938 December
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1 "The Oxygen Furnace, A New Competitor Among Processes for Refining Steel", By John F. Elliott, 1953 September 30
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1 "The Refractive Indices and Microscopic Examination of Basic Open Hearth Slags" (summary of PhD thesis), by Michael Tenenbaum, 1940
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1 The World of Steel in the Eyes of the Beholder, 1979 November 13
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1 Visit to Armco Steel Corporation, 1953 February 14
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1 "Visit to European Steelmaking Facilities May 26 - June 22, 1961", by J. F. Smith, Jr., M. Tenenbaum, F. G. Jaicks, I. Rosenak, 1961
II. Inland Steel publications and financial data, 1973-1983
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1 Financial statistics - comparison of Inland Steel and Japanese companies, 1973
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1 Inland Now, Issue number 3, 1978
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1 Inland Steel fact sheet, Fall 1983