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DuPont Company Brandywine powder yards and neighboring worker communities' photographs
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DuPont Company Brandywine powder yards and neighboring worker communities' photographs

Accession 2017.226

Audiovisual Collections and Digital Initiatives Department, Hagley Museum and Library


PO Box 3630
Wilmington, Delaware, 19807
302-658-2400
askhagley@hagley.org

Finding aid prepared by Angela Schad, 2017.,

This finding aid was produced using the Archivists' Toolkit 2017-10-10T15:28-0400

Finding aid prepared using best local practices and Describing Archives: A Content Standard

Cite items for this collection in the following format:
[Description and dates], Box/folder number, DuPont Company Brandywine powder yards and neighboring worker communities' photographs (Accession 2017.226), Hagley Museum and Library, Wilmington, DE 19807

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Descriptive Summary

Title: DuPont Company Brandywine powder yards and neighboring worker communities' photographs
Dates: 1820-1970, bulk 1890-1960
Accession Number: 2017.226
Creator: Eleutherian Mills-Hagley Foundation.
Extent: 4 linear feet
Physical Description: 1414 photographic prints : b&w ; 8 x 10 in. or smaller, some duplicates ; 142 photographic reproductions : b&w ; 8 x 10 in. or smaller, some duplicates ; 75 photocopies ; 24 pages of notes ; 10 photographic reproductions : color ; 8 x 10 in. or smaller ; 5 postcards : b&w ; 3.5 x 6 in. or smaller ; 5 floor plans ; 4 flyers ; 2 photographic prints : color ; 8 x 10 in. ; 2 research reports ; 1 brochure ; 1 clipping ; 1 inventory ; 1 letter ; 1 negative : b&w ; 4 x 5 in. ; 1 pamphlet ; 1 photographic print : color ; 5 x 7 in. ; 1 photographic reproduction : b&w ; 14 x 11 in. ; 1 print : b&w ; 5 x 6 in. ; 1 property description ; 1 tear sheet.
Language of Material: English
Repository: Hagley Museum and Library: Audiovisual Collections and Digital Initiatives Department
Abstract: E.I. du Pont de Nemours & Company was established in 1802 by Pierre Samuel du Pont de Nemours (1739-1817) and his son Éleuthère Irénée du Pont (1771-1834). This collection of more than 1250 discrete photographs depicts the landscape and buildings at or near the company's explosives manufacturing plants along Brandywine Creek near Wilmington, Delaware. Approximately 900 images depict powder yard sites, including the DuPont Experimental Station, either during the mills' final decades of operation or prior to, during, and after excavation and restoration work on the site in the 1950s and 1960s. Most of the remaining images depict the worker communities which surrounded the powder yards.
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Administrative Information


Provenance

Transfer from Hagley File, 2017 (Accession 1969.001).

Existence and Location of Copies

This collection is available in the Hagley Digital Archives .

Processing Notes

The materials in this collection were selected by Hagley staff for subject matter from the former Hagley File subject photograph file maintained by the former Hagley Museum & Library Pictorial Collections Department. Images with relevant subject matter that could be identified as being donated or loaned by individuals interviewed for Oral histories on work and daily life in the Brandywine Valley (Accession 1970.370) were transferred into a separate collection, Brandywine Valley oral history interviewees' photographs (Accession 2017.225).

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Historical Note

E.I. du Pont de Nemours & Company was established in 1802 by Pierre Samuel du Pont de Nemours (1739-1817) and his son Éleuthère Irénée du Pont (1771-1834). The du Ponts purchased the Eleutherian Mills site on the banks of Brandywine Creek just north of Wilmington, Delaware. In 1813, E.I. du Pont expanded downstream by purchasing what became Hagley Yards. During wartime the company was a major supplier for the United States government. During peacetime, the company marketed their product towards sportsmen and hunters. Throughout much of the nineteenth century, the powder-making operation on the Brandywine expanded as the company acquired many buildings that had begun as other industrial sites. At one time, the Brandywine works comprised four main yards: Eleutherian Mills (also known as Upper Yard), Upper Hagley Yard, Lower Hagley Yard, and Lower Yard, which was located on the eventual site of the DuPont Co. Experimental Station.

By the early twentieth century, the company had begun to shift its focus away from gunpowder production and towards chemistry innovations. In 1903, DuPont Co. established an experimental laboratory in the Rokeby Mill building downstream from Hagley Yard, and, after that building burned down in 1906, moved its facilities across the river to form the Experimental Station. The company closed the Brandywine powder yards in 1921, having remained open for the course of the First World War, and in 1926 the company formally dissolved its entire powder production unit.

The industrial villages along Brandywine Creek grew up in tandem with the powder mills and other nearby mills, and they were populated largely by Irish, French, and Italian immigrants and their descendants. By the 1890s, several distinguishable neighborhoods existed near the powder yards. On the west bank of Brandywine Creek, these included Wagoner's Row, the Upper Banks, Free Park, Squirrel Run, and Henry Clay (which encompassed Breck's Lane, Creek Road or Main Street, and Rising Sun Lane). On the east bank, there was Chicken Alley, Duck Street, Charles's Banks, and Walker's Banks.

The community supported several stores, saloons, and churches. Churches included Christ Church Christiana Hundred, St. Joseph's-on-the Brandywine Roman Catholic Church, Green Hill Presbyterian Church, and Mount Salem Methodist Church. Local schools included the Brandywine Manufacturers' Sunday School, which began in 1817 and operated as a nonsectarian school for the community until 1856, when it became an Episcopal church school serving nearby Christ Church. Other schools included the "Yellow Schoolhouse" on Barley Mill Road, a small school on Rising Sun Lane, and, beginning in 1893, the Alexis I. du Pont School.

The community was served by the Wilmington and Northern Railroad and, beginning in 1907, trolley service in Henry Clay was provided by the Peoples Railway. In the 1890s, the Breck's Mill building in Henry Clay became known as the Hagley Community House and was a community focal point, serving as a recreation center and social hall. The Eleutherian Mills residence on company property likewise served for a time as a DuPont Co. employees' clubhouse and was converted into military barracks during the First World War. The villages largely diminished with the closing of the powder yards.

In 1952, in the same year the company celebrated its 150th anniversary, du Pont family members donated much of the land on which the former powder mills stood, and the company created an endowment for the Eleutherian Mills-Hagley Foundation for the purpose of preserving the site and establishing a museum. The site opened as a museum in 1957, and in 1966 the museum property was designated as a National Historic Landmark.

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Scope and Content

This collection consists of original photographs, copy work from other Hagley Museum & Library collections, and items loaned for copy to Hagley Museum & Library from various individuals. It comprises more than 1250 discrete images depicting the landscape and buildings at or near the DuPont explosives manufacturing plants along Brandywine Creek near Wilmington, Delaware. Approximately 900 images depict powder yard sites, including the DuPont Experimental Station, either during the mills' final decades of operation or prior to, during, and after excavation and restoration work on the site in the 1950s and 1960s. Most of the remaining images depict the worker communities which surrounded the powder yards.

Of the images of the DuPont powder yards, the following sites identified as being in or near Eleutherian Mills Yard (also called Upper Yard) are represented in the collection: Eleutherian Mills barn, boarding house, Cannon House site, corning mill, Charcoal House, Eleutherian Mills dam, Dust Mill, Eagle Glaze Mill, entrance area, First Office of the DuPont Company, First Home of the du Pont family in Delaware, general views, the Iron Bridge at Louviers, the suspension bridge, Lammot du Pont's chemical laboratory, jitney stops (for museum), gunpowder magazine, millrace, Saltpeter refinery, Second Office, Soda House, and the Specific Gravity House.

The following sites identified as being in or near Hagley Yard are represented in the collection: Belin House, Birkenhead rolling mills, Blacksmith Shop, a stone bridge, Hagley dams, Rumford Dawes House (used as an office building), Dye House (Picker House), entrance area, general views, Gibbons House, graining houses, corning mill, gunpowder magazines, hydraulic elevator, hydroelectric plant, Left Bank of Brandywine Creek, Old Machine Shop, New Machine Shop, former Rumford Dawes grist and rolling mill, Henry Clay Mill, Barley Mill (site of New Machine Shop), packing house, press house, pulp keg mill, pump house, millrace, rolling mills, spring house, steam plant, and the Brandywine Manufacturers' Sunday School building.

The dam, entrance area, glaze mill, and rolling mills at the Lower Yard of the DuPont Brandywine works are also depicted in the collection.

The collection also contains photographs of archaeological work conducted in the 1950s at Eleutherian Mills and at the Birkenhead rolling mills and the Dye House and Picker House in Hagley Yard. In addition, there are images of powder yard and other workers (including office staff and female powder workers during World War I), powder wagons, the company's Experimental Station, proposed museum plans, the 150th anniversary ceremonies of the DuPont Company held in 1952, and reproductions of maps of the area from various dates. There are also photographs of the aftermath of explosions that occurred at the powder yards in 1890, 1920, 1921, and possibly 1896.

Images of the worker communities near the powder yards form the other main subject of this collection. The collection includes depictions of worker housing, du Pont family homes, churches, taverns, schools, and other facets of social and work life in the area.

The village of Henry Clay and the community of Walker's Banks are particularly well represented, and the collection includes general views of the village, images of individual houses, railroad tracks, street-railroad tracks, roads, businesses, the Cooper Shop, Breck's Mill, Rokeby Mill (the first DuPont Experimental Station), Breck's Mill dam, Walker's Mill, Rockford Park, and "New Bridge" covered bridge over Brandywine Creek at Rising Sun Lane. Long Row, Pigeon Hole Row, and Walker's Banks row houses are identifiable in several images. Some of the general views of the village were photographed from the top of nearby Rockford Tower (constructed 1899-1901).

Other neighborhoods represented in the collection include Chicken Alley, Squirrel Run, Upper Banks, and Wagoner's Row (including Fleming's Corner). There are also images of the following local churches: Christ Church Christiana Hundred, St. Joseph's-on-the Brandywine Roman Catholic Church, Green Hill Presbyterian Church, and Mount Salem Methodist Church. Also included are images of floods on Brandywine Creek and the construction of the Tyler McConnell Bridge in 1952.

Images of residents include recreational scenes of ice skating, sledding, swimming, and canoeing as well as group photographs of the Clay Target Club, bands (including Alfred I. du Pont's Tancopanican Band), and the Hagley basketball team. There are also photographs of Alexis I. du Pont School students and faculty.

The collection finally includes images of the following du Pont residences near the Brandywine powder yards: Hagley House, Hagley (also called the Jacob Broom House), Upper Louviers, Lower Louviers, Pelleport, Rokeby, Swamp Hall, the Charles I. du Pont house, and Eleutherian Mills. Eleutherian Mills is particularly well represented, and the collection includes images of Louise du Pont Crowninshield's garden in addition to photographs of the residence itself.

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Arrangement

The arrangement by subject as the materials were found in the Hagley File (Accession 1969.001) was maintained during processing. The only exception are images identified as originating from collections previously digitized and which were already available in the Hagley Digital Archives, but which contain notes or additional information written by Hagley staff. These images are filed alphabetically at the end of the collection by the title of the originating collection.

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Series Descriptions and Inventory

Box Folder
1 1 Anniversary marker, 1952; 22 photographic prints : b&w ; 8 x 10 in. ; 1 photographic print : b&w ; 4 x 5 in. ; 5 photocopies of letters and an inventory ; 2 pages of notes.
Box Folder
1 2 Archaeology, 1959 December; 3 photographic prints : b&w ; 3.5 x 3.5 in.
Box Folder
1 3 Belin House, 1890-1969, bulk 1940-1969; 30 photographic prints : b&w ; 8 x 10 in. or smaller, some duplicates.
Box Folder
1 4 Birkenhead, 1890-1960; 25 photographic prints : b&w ; 8 x 10 in. or smaller, some duplicates ; 1 photographic reproduction : b&w ; 4 x 8 in. ; 1 photocopy ; 2 pages of notes.
Box Folder
1 5 Birkenhead Archaeology, 1955 July; 79 photographic prints : b&w ; 3 x 3 in.
Box Folder
1 6 Blacksmith Shop, 1955 February; 1 photographic print : b&w ; 4 x 5 in.
Box Folder
1 7 Boarding houses - Eleutherian Mills, circa 1950-1960; 1 photographic print : b&w ; 8 x 10 in. ; 2 photographic prints : b&w ; 3 x 3 in.
Box Folder
1 8 Brandywine Creek - Description - General, 1870-1960, bulk 1870-1910; 23 photographic prints : b&w ; 8 x 10 in. or smaller ; 4 photographic reproductions : b&w ; 3.5 x 7 in. or smaller.
Box Folder
1 9 Bridges - Iron and steel - Louviers, 1880-1920, 1950-1960; 5 photographic prints : b&w ; 8 x 10 in.
Box Folder
1 10 Bridges - Iron and steel - Tyler McConnell, 1952-1965; 19 photographic prints : b&w ; 8 x 10 in.
Box Folder
1 11 Bridges - Stone - Hagley, 1955; 1 photographic print : b&w ; 8 x 8 in. ; 3 photographic prints : b&w ; 3 x 3 in.
Box Folder
2 1 Bridges - Suspension - Eleutherian Mills, 1880-1960; 8 photographic prints : b&w ; 8 x 10 in. or smaller, some duplicates ; 3 photographic reproductions : b&w ; 8 x 10 in. or smaller ; 2 photocopies.
Box Folder
2 2 Bridges - Wooden, 1950-1960; 1 photographic print : b&w ; 7.5 x 9.5 in.
Box Folder
2 3 Bridges - Wooden - Rising Sun Lane - "New Bridge," 1870-1930; 21 photographic prints : b&w ; 8 x 10 in. or smaller, some duplicates ; 1 photographic reproduction : b&w ; 8 x 10 in.
Box Folder
2 4 Cannon House site, circa 1968; 3 photographic prints : b&w ; 5 x 7 in.
Box Folder
2 5 Charcoal House, 1880-1960; 9 photographic prints : b&w ; 8 x 10 in. or smaller, some duplicates ; 1 photographic reproduction : b&w ; 8 x 10 in.
Box Folder
2 6 Chemical Laboratories, 1880-1906, circa 1920-1950, 1966; 5 photographic prints : b&w ; 8 x 10 in.
Box Folder
2 7 Churches - Delaware - Christ Church, Greenhill, Mount Salem, 1894-1958; 7 photographic prints : b&w ; 8 x 10 in.
Box Folder
2 8 Churches - Delaware - Saint Joseph on the Brandywine, 1890-1950; 3 photographic prints : b&w ; 8 x 10 in. ; 1 photographic reproduction : b&w ; 10 x 8 in. ; 3 photocopies.
Box Folder
2 9 Cooper Shop, circa 1890; 1 photographic print : b&w ; 8 x 10 in. ; 4 photocopies.
Box Folder
2 10 Dams - Breck, 1880-1960; 9 photographic prints : b&w ; 8 x 10 in. or smaller ; 1 photographic reproduction : b&w ; 4.5 x 6.5 in.
Box Folder
2 11 Dams - Eleutherian Mills, circa 1937, 1950-1960; 25 photographic prints : b&w ; 8 x 10 in. or smaller.
Box Folder
2 12 Dams - Hagley, 1880-1960; 5 photographic prints : b&w ; 8 x 10 in. or smaller.
Box Folder
2 13 Dams - Lower Yard, 1870-1900; 3 photographic prints : b&w ; 8 x 10 in. or smaller.
Box Folder
2 14 Dams - Wilmington, 1900-1932; 1 photographic print : b&w ; 8 x 10 in.
Box Folder
2 15 Dawes House, circa 1880-1920; 1 photographic print : b&w ; 8 x 10 in.
Box Folder
2 16 Dust Mill, 1880-1960; 3 photographic prints : b&w ; 8 x 10 in. or smaller.
Box Folder
2 17 Dye House (Picker House), circa 1900, 1955 June; 17 photographic prints : b&w ; 8 x 10 in. or smaller ; 1 note.
Box Folder
2 18 Eleutherian Mills - Barn, 1873-1910; 1 photographic print : b&w ; 8 x 10 in. ; 3 photographic reproductions : b&w ; 8 x 10 in.
Box Folder
3 1-3 Eleutherian Mills - Garden, 1873-1970, bulk 1950-1960; 98 photographic prints : b&w ; 8 x 10 in. or smaller, some duplicates ; 1 photographic reproduction : color ; 10 x 8 in. ; 4 photographic reproductions : b&w ; 10 x 8 in. ; 3 photocopies ; 1 brochure ; 2 flyers ; 2 notes.
Box Folder
3 4 Eleutherian Mills - General, 1818-1822, 1880-1960; 11 photographic prints : b&w ; 8 x 10 in. or smaller ; 7 photographic reproductions : b&w ; 8 x 10 in. ; 3 pages of notes.
Box Folder
3 5-6 Eleutherian Mills - Residence, 1823-1960, bulk 1920-1950; 37 photographic prints : b&w ; 8 x 10 in. or smaller, some duplicates ; 2 photographic prints : color ; 8 x 10 in. ; 22 photographic reproductions : b&w ; 8 x 10 in. or smaller, some duplicates ; 1 postcard : b&w ; 3.5 x 5.5 in. ; 1 photocopy.
Box Folder
3 7 Entrance Area - Eleutherian Mills - Black Gates, 1900-1960, bulk 1954; 8 photographic prints : b&w ; 8 x 10 in. or smaller, some duplicates.
Box Folder
3 8 Entrance Area - Hagley, 1895-1955, bulk 1955; 20 photographic prints : b&w ; 8 x 10 in. or smaller, some duplicates ; 2 photographic reproductions : b&w ; 8 x 10 in.
Box Folder
4 1 Entrance Area - Lower Yard, 1880-1920; 1 photographic print : b&w ; 8 x 10 in. ; 1 photocopy.
Box Folder
4 2-3 Experimental Station, 1906-1970; 53 photographic prints : b&w ; 8 x 10 in. or smaller, some duplicates ; 8 photocopies ; 2 pages of notes.
Box Folder
4 3-5 Explosions - Gunpowder - Brandywine, 1890-1921, 1955; 63 photographic prints : b&w ; 8 x 10 in. or smaller, some duplicates ; 1 photographic reproduction : b&w ; 8 x 10 in. ; 4 photocopies ; 1 research report ; 13 pages.
Box Folder
4 6 First Home, 1940-1960; 3 photographic prints : b&w ; 8 x 10 in. or smaller ; 1 photocopy.
Box Folder
5 1 First Office, 1896-1965; 26 photographic prints : b&w ; 8 x 10 in. or smaller ; 4 photographic reproductions : b&w ; 8 x 10 in. or smaller, some duplicates ; 1 print : b&w ; 5 x 6 in.
Box Folder
5 2 Fleming's Corner, 1896 November; 1 photographic print : b&w ; 5 x 7 in.
Box Folder
5 3 Floods - Brandywine, 1896, circa 1900, 1955; 5 photographic prints : b&w ; 8 x 10 in. or smaller.
Box Folder
5 4 Gibbons House, circa 1915, 1956-1957; 8 photographic prints : b&w ; 8 x 10 in. or smaller.
Box Folder
5 5 Glaze Mill - (Eagle and others), 1870-1960; 1 postcard : b&w ; 3.5 x 6 in. ; 24 photographic prints : b&w ; 8 x 10 in. or smaller, some duplicates ; 4 photographic reproductions : b&w ; 8 x 10 in. or smaller.
Box Folder
5 6 Glaze Mill - Lower Yard, 1870-1912; 4 photographic prints : b&w ; 8 x 10 in. or smaller ; 1 photographic reproduction : b&w ; 8 x 10 in.
Box Folder
5 7 Graining Houses, 1890-1970; 15 photographic prints : b&w ; 8 x 10 in. or smaller.
Box Folder
5 8 Gunpowder - Corning Mill, 1880-1930; 4 photographic prints : b&w ; 8 x 10 in. or smaller.
Box Folder
5 9 Gunpowder - Magazines, 1900-1960; 5 photographic prints : b&w ; 8 x 10 in. or smaller ; 1 note.
Box Folder
5 10-11 Hagley Area - General, 1880-1960, bulk 1938, 1950-1960; 42 photographic prints : b&w ; 8 x 10 in. or smaller ; 1 photographic reproduction : color ; 8 x 10 in. ; 2 photographic reproductions : b&w ; 8 x 10 in.
Box Folder
5 12 Hagley Area - area near Henry Clay, 1900-1950; 3 photographic prints : b&w ; 8 x 10 in. ; 1 photocopy.
Box Folder
5 13 Hagley (Jacob Broom house - built 1795), 1890-1920; 2 photographic reproductions : b&w ; 8 x 10 in. ; 1 photocopy ; 1 note.
Box Folder
5 14 Hagley House, 1826, 1860-1920; 6 photographic prints : b&w ; 8 x 10 in. ; 1 photographic reproduction : b&w ; 8 x 10 in. ; 1 photocopy.
Box Folder
5 15 Hagley - Left Bank, 1954; 2 photographic prints : b&w ; 10 x 8 in.
Box Folder
6 1-3 Henry Clay Village, 1870-1955; 1 postcard : b&w ; 3.5 x 5.5 in. ; 85 photographic prints : b&w ; 8 x 10 in. or smaller, some duplicates ; 2 photographic reproductions : b&w ; 8 x 10 in. ; 3 photocopies.
Box Folder
6 4 Henry Clay - The Swamp, 1890-1905; 4 photographic prints : b&w ; 8 x 10 in.
Box Folder
6 5 Hydraulic Elevator, 1880-1910; 4 photographic prints : b&w ; 8 x 10 in. or smaller.
Box Folder
6 6 Hydroelectric Plant, 1900-1920; 4 photographic prints : b&w ; 8 x 10 in.
Box Folder
6 7 Jitney Stops - Eleutherian Mills, circa 1960; 3 photographic prints : b&w ; 8 x 10 in. ; 1 photographic reproduction : b&w ; 8 x 10 in.
Box Folder
6 8-9 Louviers, circa 1811, 1873-1950; 38 photographic prints : b&w ; 8 x 10 in. or smaller ; 4 photographic reproductions : b&w ; 8 x 10 in. ; 3 photocopies.
Box Folder
7 1 Machine Shop - "New," 1880-1940; 11 photographic prints : b&w ; 8 x 10 in. or smaller ; 8 photographic reproductions : b&w ; 8 x 10 in. ; 4 photocopies ; 3 floor plans.
Box Folder
7 2 Machine Shop - "Old," 1955 [Includes report, "The 1858 Millwright and Machine Shop at Hagley" by Joy Kaufmann, David Hounshell, and Jacqueline Hinsley.] ; 9 photographic prints : b&w ; 8 x 10 in. or smaller ; 1 research report ; 40 pages.
Box Folder
7 3 Magazine - Upper Yard, 1880-1920; 1 photographic print : b&w ; 8 x 10 in.
Box Folder
7 4 Maps, 1802-1820, 1900-1944, 1997; 1 negative : b&w ; 4 x 5 in. ; 6 photographic reproductions : color ; 8 x 10 in. or smaller ; 15 photographic reproductions : b&w ; 8 x 10 in. or smaller ; 4 photocopies ; 1 inventory ; 3 notes.
Box Folder
7 5 Mills - Barley - Brandywine, 1826-1897; 2 photographic prints : b&w ; 8 x 10 in. or smaller, duplicate ; 3 photographic reproductions : b&w ; 8 x 10 in. or smaller.
Box Folder
7 6 Mills - Cotton - Henry Clay, 1813-1850, 1900-1960; 11 photographic prints : b&w ; 8 x 10 in. or smaller ; 2 photographic reproductions : b&w ; 14 x 11 in. or smaller ; 1 photocopy ; 2 pages of notes.
Box Folder
7 7 Mills - Cotton - Walkers, 1900-1966; 30 photographic prints : b&w ; 8 x 10 in. or smaller ; 1 photocopy ; 2 pages of notes.
Box Folder
7 8 Mills - Flour - Dawes, 1870; 3 photographic prints : b&w ; 8 x 10 in. or smaller.
Box Folder
7 9 Mills - Flour - Museums - Proposed, circa 1952; 10 photographic reproductions : b&w ; 7 x 9 in. or smaller.
Box Folder
7 10 Mills - Woolen - Breck's, 1880-1940; 8 photographic prints : b&w ; 8 x 10 in. or smaller ; 3 pages of notes.
Box Folder
7 11 Packing Houses, 1890-1930; 1 photographic print : b&w ; 8 x 10 in.
Box Folder
7 12 Parks - Wilmington - Rockford Tower, 1899-1901; 2 photographic prints : b&w ; 10 x 8 in.
Box Folder
7 13 Press Houses, 1880-1950; 12 photographic prints : b&w ; 8 x 10 in., some duplicates.
Box Folder
8 1 Pulp Keg Mill, 1920-1960, bulk circa 1905; 30 photographic prints : b&w ; 8 x 10 in. or smaller.
Box Folder
8 2 Pump House, 1880-1920, 1956-1957; 1 photographic print : b&w ; 7.5 x 7.5 in. ; 12 photographic prints : b&w ; 3 x 3 in.
Box Folder
8 3 Races - Hagley Yard and Eleutherian Mills, 1950-1960; 1 photographic print : b&w ; 10 x 8 in. ; 1 photographic print : b&w ; 8 x 8 in. ; 7 photographic prints : b&w ; 4 x 3 in. or smaller.
Box Folder
8 4 Recreation, 1880-1920; 2 photographic prints : b&w ; 8 x 10 in.
Box Folder
8 5 Roads, 1890-1900, 1919, 1950-1960; 3 photographic prints : b&w ; 8 x 10 in.
Box Folder
8 6-7 Rolling Mills, 1870-1960; 52 photographic prints : b&w ; 8 x 10 in. or smaller, some duplicates ; 1 photographic print : color ; 5 x 7 in. ; 3 photographic reproductions : b&w ; 8 x 10 in. or smaller ; 4 photocopies ; 1 letter.
Box Folder
8 8 Rolling Mills - Gentieu, 1880-1910; 1 photographic print : b&w ; 8 x 10 in.
Box Folder
8 9 Rolling Mills - Lower Yard, 1870-1950; 2 postcards : b&w ; 3.5 x 5.5 in. ; 18 photographic prints : b&w ; 8 x 10 in. or smaller ; 1 photographic reproduction : b&w ; 8 x 10 in. ; 1 photocopy.
Box Folder
8 10 Saltpetre - Eleutherian Mills, 1880-1930; 15 photographic prints : b&w ; 8 x 10 in. or smaller, some duplicates.
Box Folder
8 11 Schools, 1893-1910; 9 photographic prints : b&w ; 8 x 10 in.
Box Folder
8 12 Second Office, 1887-1925; 27 photographic prints : b&w ; 8 x 10 in. or smaller ; 1 pamphlet ; 1 clipping ; 1 tear sheet ; 2 flyers ; 1 property description ; 4 photocopies.
Box Folder
8 13 Soda House - Eleutherian Mills, 1970-1983; 2 photographic prints : b&w ; 8 x 10 in. ; 3 photographic reproductions : b&w ; 8 x 10 in.
Box Folder
8 14 Specific Gravity House - Eleutherian Mills, 1880-1930; 1 photographic print : b&w ; 10 x 8 in.
Box Folder
8 15 Spring House, 1950-1960; 6 photographic prints : b&w ; 8 x 10 in.
Box Folder
9 1 Steam Plant, 1880-1920, 1954; 22 photographic prints : b&w ; 8 x 10 in. or smaller ; 1 photocopy.
Box Folder
9 2 Sunday School - Brandywine Manufacturers', 1816-1960, bulk 1816-1920; 17 photographic prints : b&w ; 8 x 10 in. or smaller ; 2 photographic reproductions : color ; 8 x 10 in. ; 14 photographic reproductions : b&w ; 8 x 10 in. or smaller ; 2 floor plans ; 2 photocopies.
Box Folder
9 3 Taverns, 1880-1960, 1980; 7 photographic prints : b&w ; 8 x 10 in. or smaller ; 1 photographic reproduction : b&w ; 5 x 3.5 in.
Box Folder
9 4 Turbines - Breck's Mill, 1805-1850, 1952-1957; 4 photographic prints : b&w ; 8 x 10 in. ; 10 photographic prints : b&w ; 3.5 x 3.5 in. ; 1 photographic reproduction : b&w ; 8 x 10 in.
Box Folder
9 5 Vehicles - Gunpowder - Horse drawn, 1850-1913, 1930-1960; 14 photographic prints : b&w ; 8 x 10 in. or smaller, some duplicates ; 2 photographic reproductions : b&w ; 10 x 8 in. or smaller.
Box Folder
9 6 Vehicles - Horse drawn, 1890-1910; 9 photographic prints : b&w ; 8 x 10 in. or smaller, some duplicates ; 1 photographic reproduction : b&w ; 4.5 x 7 in. ; 2 photocopies.
Box Folder
9 7 Workers, 1958; 8 photographic prints : b&w ; 8 x 10 in. or smaller, some duplicates.
Box Folder
9 8 Workers - DuPont, 1870-1920; 45 photographic prints : b&w ; 8 x 10 in. or smaller, some duplicates ; 4 photographic reproductions : b&w ; 8 x 10 in. ; 4 photocopies.
Box Folder
9 9 Workers - Homes, 1890-1920; 9 photographic prints : b&w ; 8 x 10 in. or smaller, some duplicates ; 1 photographic reproduction : b&w ; 8 x 10 in. ; 5 photocopies.
Box Folder
9 10 Workers - Women, 1917-1918; 24 photographic prints : b&w ; 8 x 10 in. or smaller, some duplicates.
Box Folder
10 1 Beauties of the Brandywine stereographs (multiple accessions) additional description, circa 1868; 6 photographic prints : b&w ; 8 x 10 in.
Box Folder
10 2 John W. Macklem collection of DuPont Company powder yards photographs (Accession 1968.010) additional description, 1889-1936; 8 photographic prints : b&w ; 8 x 10 in. or smaller.
Box Folder
10 3-4 Pierre A. Gentieu Brandywine River Valley photographs (Accession 1970.001) additional description, 1883-1917; 36 photographic prints : b&w ; 8 x 10 in. or smaller ; 1 photographic reproduction : b&w ; 4 x 6 in.
Box Folder
10 5 P.S. du Pont Longwood photograph collection (Accession 1969.002) additional description, 1890-1930; 4 photographic prints : b&w ; 8 x 10 in. or smaller.