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Carter Litchfield photographs and ephemera on the history of fatty materials
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Carter Litchfield photographs and ephemera on the history of fatty materials

Accession 2007.227

Audiovisual Collections and Digital Initiatives Department, Hagley Museum and Library


PO Box 3630
Wilmington, Delaware, 19807
302-658-2400
research@hagley.org

This finding aid was produced using the Archivists' Toolkit 2013-02-14T14:39-0500

Finding aid prepared using best local practices and Describing Archives: A Content Standard

Cite items for this collection in the following format:
[Description and dates], Box/folder number, Carter Litchfield photographs and ephemera on the history of fatty materials (Accession 2007.227), Hagley Museum and Library, Wilmington, DE 19807

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Descriptive Summary

Title: Carter Litchfield photographs and ephemera on the history of fatty materials
Dates: 1583-2007, bulk 1970-2000
Accession Number: 2007.227
Creator: Litchfield, Carter
Extent: 16,236 items
Location: Row 4, Map Case, Unit L
Language of Material: English, French, German, Spanish
Repository: Hagley Museum and Library: Audiovisual Collections and Digital Initiatives Department
Abstract: This collection of photographs and ephemera relates to Carter Litchfield's activities as a scientist, historian and collector of the history of fatty material. There is also a large collection of advertisements, letterheads, postcards and trade cards.
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Administrative Information


Access Restrictions

Collection is open for research; access requires at least 24 hours advance notice.

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Biographical Note

Carter Litchfield

Carter Litchfield earned a B.S. in chemical engineering from Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute. Litchfield later earned Ph.D. in organic chemistry from Texas A&M after starting his professional career as a chemist for Procter & Gamble. During the mid- to late 1950s Litchfield worked in the Edible Research Section of the Chemical Division of P&G. His work there centered on shortening products like Crisco and margarine oils. Because of his work at Procter & Gamble, Litchfield developed an interest in the history of fatty materials, which he defined as high-calorie fats found in seeds and animals. Fatty oils include olive, linseed, soybean, cottonseed (all seed oils) as well as lard, tallow, and other animal body fats. Litchfield left P&G in 1960 to take a job as a research scientist at Texas A&M. After a few years at Texas A&M Litchfield decided to work towards his doctorate in organic chemistry.

Litchfield spent nine years working at Rutgers University. His research activities revolved around fatty oils in marine mammals and aquatic sponges. Litchfield published his work on Amazon River Dolphins in a 1970 article in Biomedical Life & Sciences. In 1972, Litchfield he published the book Analysis of Triglycerides. While at Rutgers Litchfield founded Olearius Editions, a publication company dedicated to the history of vegetable oil and fat production. In 1979, Litchfield retired from Rutgers to pursue a new career. Olearius Editions (named for the artisan in the Roman Empire who pressed oil from olives and sold it to the community) specialized in the publication of histories of the manufacture of vegetable oils and fats.

Litchfield’s first book, published in 1974 was an English translation of the 1836 Japanese work, Seiyu roku: Oil Manufacturing in Japan in 1836 (1974). One of Litchfield’s most important Olearius publications was a book he co-authored, The Bethlehem Oil Mill, 1745-1934: German Technology in Early Pennsylvania (1984). The book featured first time translations of German documents detailing the craft and artisanship involved at the oil mill. His interest in oil mills extended well beyond Bethlehem, Pa. Litchfield researched and photographed oil mills all over the United States, Europe, and parts of the Middle East. Olearius Editions publications reflected Litchfield’s global scope with the publication of another translated work. History and Technology of Olive Oil in the Holy Land (1993) was partially translated from Hebrew. The translated edition published by Olearius contains a chapter not included in the original Hebrew publication. Another of Litchfield’s important Olearius publications is the History of Oleomargarine Tax Stamps and Licenses in the United States (1988), a book known for its precise detail and dedication to an understudied topic.

In addition to writing and publishing about the history of fats and fatty materials, Carter Litchfield built an important collection on the subject. The library includes more than 5,000 books, many rare, which chronicle the history of fats and fatty materials; at least eight languages are represented and the collection spans 500 years. In the course of collecting, Litchfield acquired the Julius Lewkowitsch Papers and purchased the Ellsworth C. Warner Papers. Litchfield’s acquisitions were not limited to publications and manuscript collections. He amassed a collection of ephemera including tax stamps, posters, artifacts, photographs, and other items.

As a member of the Society for Industrial Archeology (SIA) Litchfield regularly attended SIA meetings, functions, and conferences. He often presented papers to the SIA and sat on several committees, including the Vogel Prize committee. Litchfield researched the history of fats and fatty materials until his death on May 9, 2007.

Julius Lewkowitsch

Julius Lewkowitsch, born in Prussian Silesia on September 4, 1857, was an authority on the chemistry of vegetable and animal fats and oils. Lewkowitsch attended Breslau University, where he studied with Victor von Richter. In 1879 he graduated with a Ph.D.; he also earned a M.A. degree in 1881. After graduation Lewkowitsch spent a year teaching mathematics and natural science in Real Gymnasium in Berlin. Lewkowitsch then took a position as a research assistant to Victor Meyer at the University of Heidelberg. At Heidelberg Lewkowitsch studied fats and fatty oils. His first published work concerned the action of nitric acid on fatty acids. Lewkowitsch soon left the academic world for a position as a research chemist at the tar distillery Aktiengesellschaft Fur Teerindustrie Erkner in Berlin. In 1887, Lewkowitsch immigrated to England and became Chemist and Technical Manager to the Whitehall Soap Works in Leeds. It was there that Lewkowitsch became the first person to prepare chemically pure glycerin from soap makers’ lyes. Lewkowitsch presented his results at the Leeds meeting of the British Pharmaceutical Conference in 1890. Prior to his presentation, glycerin was recovered from the arsenic in soap lye. The key to Lewkowitsch’s method was to avoid the use of arsenic in soap, making glycerin recovery much easier.

In 1895 Lewkowitsch became a consulting chemist and technologist in oils and fats in Manchester. That same year he published the first of six editions (1895, 1898, 1904, 1909, 1913, and 1921) of The Chemical Technology and Analysis of Oils, Fats, and Waxes. Although Lewkowitsch’s initial publication was founded on Rudolf Benedikt’s Analyse der Fette und Wachsarten, his later editions would be original works. Lewkowitsch book editions expanded to three volumes and were printed in French and German.

Lewkowitsch joined the Society of Chemical Industry in 1889. He contributed articles to the Society’s publications and wrote entries for the Encyclopedia Britannica on oils and fats. In 1898, Lewkowitsch moved to London, where he maintained a laboratory on Priory Road, West Hampstead and offices on Queen Victoria Street in the city of London. Lewkowitsch married Katherine Julia Morris, May 5, 1902. The two had one daughter, Phyllis Regina Elsa Lewkowitsch (Elsa) and a son Jason Farradane. In 1905 Julius was elected vice president of the London Section of the Society of Chemical Industry. Lewkowitsch went on to become chairman in 1908 and foreign secretary of the society in 1911, a position he held until his death in 1913. For his work as a chemist, Lewkowitsch was awarded the Lavoisier Medal in 1909. Lewkowitsch, an accomplished linguist, spoke German, French, Italian, and English. Julius Lewkowitsch died September 15, 1913 after an illness.

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Scope and Content

This collection of photographs and ephemera relates to Carter Litchfield's activities as a scientist, historian and collector of the history of fatty material. There is also a large collection of advertisements, letterheads, postcards and trade cards.

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Access Points

Archer Daniels Midland Company..
Chevreul, M. E. (Michel Eugene), 1786-1889.
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Series Descriptions and Inventory

II. Fats and Fatty Oil Research
1992 images
Scope and Content
This is a series of Litchfield’s research material consists primarily of dissection slides and photographs.
A. Cetacean Lipids, 1968-1979
Box
1 Tursiops Truncatus: A Photographic Study. Tursiops dissection photographic study, 1973 February
1 Cetacean dissection and data slides, 1969-1979
1 Kogia Spermareti Organ. Kogia dissection slides, 1972-1973
1 Kogia dissection and data slides, 1973
1 Kogia, Tursiops dissection slides, 1973
1 Inia skull and jawbone photographs, 1973
1 Inia skull dissection slides, 1973
1 Ackman Cetacean dissection and data slides, 1969-1970
Box
2 Cetacean data and dissection slides, 1960-1972
B. Sponge Lipids, 1974-1980
Box
2 Hexactinellida research slides, 1976
2 Sponge research slides (4 folders), 1976-1978
2 Zann. Sponge research slides, 1975
2 Bonaire. Sponge research slides, 1974-1975
2 Bonaire and Grand Cayman. Sponge research slides, 1972-1975
2 Halihondria and Cliona sponges, 1974
2 Internegatives. Color enlargement of sponge slides
2 Microciona data slides for Reggie Morales paper
2 Text and slides to an AOCS presentation, 1978
2 Marine life slides. Steinhart aquarium, Marineland of Florida, ISF Goteborg, blomberg, pilot whale, 1972
Box
3 Analysis of fat triglycerides
Box
4 Litchfield "A,"
Box
5-6 Fat research data
Box
7 Presentation and book data and illustrations, 1971-1975
III. Olearius Editions Historic Oil Mills
3289 images
Scope and Content
This series consists of Litchfields research material his career as founding editor and publisher of Olearius Editions. The photographs, slides, and negatives in this series include oil mills, oil stones, and oilseed plants from America, Europe, Israel, Japan, and Africa. Research materials for Olearius publications Olive Oil in the Holy Land and Seiyu roku are included in this series.
A. Olearius Editions
Box
8 Margarine notebook. Collected margarine ephemera, 1981, 1987
8 Carol and Carter Litchfield pictured with Margery Hilditch
8 Oliver Evans improved grist mill plans, 1874-1980
Box
9 Olearius logo proofs, 1980
9 Book layout boards of Olearius publications, 1974
9 European butter making, 1973
9 Photographs for 1980 Christmas cards, Carter and Carol Litchfield
9 Bottle labels from various olive oils, 1972-1973
9 300 year-old soap, 1980
9 Tallow Chandlers. Candle making
9 Interior of marshall's flax-mill, Leeds, circa 1850
B. American Oil Mills
Box
9 Olive crushing mill, Graber Olive House, California, 1978
9 American oil mills, California olives, 1977
9 California, San Gabriel mission soap works, 1993
9 Ox-powered treadwheel, New Salem, Illinois, 1916, 1993
9 Oil mill lecture slides, 1981
9 Maryland, tour of Pompeian Olive Oil Plant, 1994
9 Whaling ships with barrels of whale oil on dock, Pumping oil, New Bedford, Massachusetts, 1985
9 Negatives of an unlabeled mill stone, 1993
9 Miscellaneous oil mill slides, 1982
9 Oil mill slide talk, Everittstown, New Jersey
9 Oil mill restoration work, Prall Oil Mill, New Jersey, 1977, 1988
9 Bethlehem Oil Mill slides, 1967-1989
9 Mill stone, Kindig farm, Pennsylvania, 1992
9 Edge-runner millstone, Flax flail, Pennsylvania, 1974-1984
9 Bethlehem, Pa, hemp mill, 1999
9 Flax flailing demonstration at Goshenhoppen Historic Festival, Pennsylvania, 1980, 1983
9 Seed oil plant slides, 1977-1983
9 Whale candle label, Providence, Rhode Island, 1983
9 Candle making demonstration at Colonial Williamsburg, Virginia, 1960-1963
C. Foreign Oil Mills
Box
10 Amazon tribe, cashew and palm trees, 1970
10 Slides of The Fat Monger's House, Belgium, 1973-1976
10 Flax seed, Winnipeg, Canada, 1960
10 Market selling vegetable oil, China, 1990
10 Photographs of Chinese characters, 1994
10 Fats and Oils Laboratories, Historic Oil Mills, Europe, 1994
10 Olive crushing mill, oil mill model, France, 2001
10 Company promotional material, French Oil Mill Machinery Company, 1960
10 Grinding stones and gear work photographs, French oil mills, 1983
10 Olive tree pests and blights, L'Olivier, 1930-1940
10 Olive oil mills of Provence, France, Olive oil Museum at Haut-Cagnes, 1989
10 Olive oil mills of Provence, France (6 folders)
Box
11 Olive oil mills of Provence, France, Tourtour, 1992
11 Olive oil mills of Provence, France, Thoronet, 1992
11 Oil mill, Dortmund, Germany, 1992
11 Oil mill, Eddelak, Germany, 1992
11 Oil mill, Gronigen, Germany, 1989
11 Oil mill, Halverde, Germany, 1989
11 Mill stone, Kollangang, Germany, 1986
11 Oil mill, Lage, Germany, 1989
11 German oil mill, slide negatives, 1980
11 Oil mill, Pockau, Germany, 1989
11 Oil mill, Schleswig, Germany, 1989
11 Edge-runner millstone, oil and corn mill, Great Britain, 1989
11 Orfu horse powered oil mill, Hungary, 1989
11 Alsopahak, Hungary, 1965, 1983
11 Mini Expeller, India, 1997
11 Notebook of India oil mills, 1997
11 Notebook of India oil mills
Box
12 Olive Oil in the Holy Land, Advat, Israel, 1988
12 Olive Oil in the Holy Land, Bet She'arim, Israel, 1988
12 Olive Oil in the Holy Land, Daneila, Israel, 1985
12 Olive Oil in the Holy Land, En Hod, Israel, 1985
12 Olive Oil in the Holy Land, Ha'aretz Museum, Israel, 1985
12 Litchfield with grind stone, 1985
12 Litchfield, Eitan Ayalon, and Raphael Frankel in Israel, 1985
12 Olive Oil in the Holy Land, Israel Oil Industry Museum
12 Olive Oil in the Holy Land, Jerusalem, Israel, 1985
12 Olive Oil in the Holy Land, Karkara, Israel, 1985
12 Olive Oil in the Holy Land, Megadim, Israel, 1985
12 Olive Oil in the Holy Land, Mishmar-Ha-Emeq, Israel, 1985
12 Olive Oil in the Holy Land, Netiv Ha-Lamed Hei, Israel, 1985
12 Olive Oil in the Holy Land, Qedumim/Karf Jammal, Israel, 1985
12 Olive Oil in the Holy Land, Qseir, Israel, 1985
12 Olive Oil in the Holy Land, Tel Aviv, Israel, 1985
12 Olive Oil in the Holy Land, Atar Amatzia, Israel, 1985
Box
13 Olive Oil in the Holy Land, Capernaum, Israel, 1985
13 Olive Oil in the Holy Land, En Dor, Israel, 1988
13 Olive Oil in the Holy Land, Gamla, Israel, 1988
13 Olive Oil in the Holy Land, Kefar Shumi, Israel, 1988
13 Olive Oil in the Holy Land, Lod, Israel, 1988
13 Olive Oil in the Holy Land, Ma'agan Mikha'el, Israel, 1988
13 Olive Oil in the Holy Land, Megiddo, Israel, 1988
13 Olive Oil in the Holy Land, Qasrin, Israel, 1988
13 Olive Oil in the Holy Land, Ramat ha nadiv, Israel, 1988
13 Olive Oil in the Holy Land, Tabgha, Israel, 1988
13 Olive Oil in the Holy Land, Tel Miqne, Israel, 1988
13 Olive Oil in the Holy Land, Roznov pod Radhostem, Israel, 1988
13 Oil mill water wheel, Grimaldi, Italy, 1988
13 Mill stone, Pompeii, Italy, 2003
13 Japanese mills, Kawakami, 1955
13 Seiyu roku illustrations, Japan, negatives, 1992
13 Seiyu roku illustrations, Japan, prints, 1974-1989
13 Seiyu roku illustrations, Japan, cober label, 1974
13 Seiyu roku illustrations, Japan, book figures, 1974
13 Seiyu roku illustrations, Japan, sales brochure, 1974
Box
14 Foreign oil mills, Denmark, Israel, 1974
14 Miscellaneous oil mills, negatives, 1974
14 Oils mills at Balen-Hoolst, Belgium and Arnhem, Netherlands, 1997
14 Nigerian palm oil production
14 Palestine, Olives and olive oil, 1998
14 Santa Barbara Castle ruins in Allcante Spain, 1988
14 The Norias of Murcia, Spain, 1980
14 St. Lucia coconuts and palm trees, 1995
14 Tunisian Oil Skimming Tool, 1987
14 Crushing Olives, Tlelsa, Tunisia, 1982
IV. Julius Lewkowitsch Papers
1053 images
Scope and Content
Litchfield acquired and arranged the Julius Lewkowitsch Papers. Litchfield met Lewkowitsch’s daughter, Elsa, in 1970 at an international chemistry conference in London. Carter Litchfield and his wife Carol became friends with Elsa and the three corresponded frequently. In 1981, Elsa made the decision to give her father’s papers to Carter as part of his larger collection on the history of fats and fatty materials. Litchfield, in turn, included the Lewkowitsch papers as part of his gift to the Hagley Museum and Library. This series includes photographs of Lewkowitsch's lab, slides of his presented paper and documents, in part, the lives of his wife Katherine and daughter Elsa.
A. Julius Lewkowitsch, 1857-1914
Box
15 Index to Lewkowitsch photographs assembled by Carter Litchfield, 1982
15 Julius Lewkowitsch laboratory photographs, 1981
15 Julius Lewkowitsch portraits, 1982
15 Lewkowitsch photographs, 1896-1907
15 Lewkowitsch photographs, prints from lantern slides and glass negatives 101-115
15 Lewkowitsch photographs, prints from slides 116-132, 1907-147
15 Lewkowitsch photographs, prints from slides 133-148
15 Lewkowitsch photographs, prints from slides 149-165
15 Lewkowitsch photographs, prints from slides C-1 to C-22
15 Lewkowitsch photographs, prints from slides C-23 to C-50
15 Lewkowitsch photographs, prints from slides F-1 to F-25
15 Lewkowitsch photographs, prints from slides F-26 to F-49
Box
16 Julius Lewkowitsch Photographs 51, glass negatives 101-165
Box
17 Julius Lewkowitsch Photographs 52, glass negatives circa 1-C50
Box
18 Julius Lewkowitsch Photographs 53, glass negatives F1-F49
Box
19 Lantern slides of Julius Lewkowitsch, slides G1-M20
Box
20 Lantern slides of Julius Lewkowitsch, slides W1-W35
Box
21 Lantern slides of Julius Lewkowitsch, slides W36-Z3
Box
22 Lantern slides of Julius Lewkowitsch, slides Z1-Z39
Box
23 Lewkowitsch photographs, soap cutting machines
23 Schematic drawings of Albion swinging box press
23 Prints for various illustrations from Lewkowitsch publications, 1904
23 Suitcase containing Elsa's planned 7th edition
23 Butter photomicrographs
23 Bolton's Photomicrographs of fat crystals, 1940
23 Julius Lewkowitsch fraternity photograph, 1898
23 Hawksley, Wild & Co. Fluid boiler, 1907
23 Photographs for Inform publication about Julius Lewkowitsch, 1878
23 Lewkowitsch's file on other chemists, A-B
23 Lewkowitsch's file on other chemists, C-D, 1996
23 Lewkowitsch's file on other chemists, E-F, 1898-1910
23 Lewkowitsch's file on other chemists, G, 1898-1910
23 Katherine Lewkowitsch photographs, KL-1 to KL-7, 1898-1910
23 Katherine Lewkowitsch lock of hair, 1898-1910
C. Elsa Lewkowitsch, 1923-1987
Box
23 Elsa Lewkowitsch photographs, EL-1 to EL-17, 1937-1938
Box
24 Elsa Lewkowitsch Photographs, Ultraviolet Adsorption Spectra of Chlorophyll and Fatty oils
Box
25 Personal photographs take by Elsa Lewkowitsch: evaporating paper, play production photographs, 1905-1979
VI. Chevreul Correspondence, 1824-1886
20 items
Scope and Content
The Chevreul series is a set of photographs and prints that either belonged to or feature French chemist Michel Eugène Chevreul purchased by Litchfield.
Box
26 Chevreul prints and collected letters, 1824-1886 [prints, negatives, paper ephemera]
VII. Ephemera
5350 items
Scope and Content
The items in this series were collected by Carter Litchfield. The series consists of a wide range of paper ephemera arranged alphabetically including ration stamps, advertisements, articles, letterheads, pamphlets, postcards and prints, stamps, stock certificates, and trade cards.
Box
26 WWI and WWII Fat Ration stamps, Austria (2 folders)
Box
26 WWII Fat Ration stamps, Canada, 1824-1886
Box
26 WWII Fat Ration stamps, Denmark, 1916-1948
Box
26 WWI and WWII Fat Ration stamps, Europe
Box
26 WWII Fat Ration stamps, France
Box
26 WWII Fat Ration stamps, Germany, 1918-1950 (3 folders)
Box
27 WWII Fat Ration stamps, Germany "A", 1943-1947 (5 folders)
Box
27 WWI and WWII Fat Ration stamps, Germany I, 1916-1948
Box
28 WWII Fat Ration stamps, Germany II, 1945-1947
Box
28 WWII Fat Ration stamps, Germany III, 1917-1945
Box
28 WWII Fat Ration stamps, Germany IV, 1939-1944
Box
29 WWII Fat Ration stamps, Germany V, 1944-1946
Box
29 WWII Fat Ration stamps, Germany VI, 1947-1948
Box
29 WWI and WWII Fat Ration stamps, Great Britain, 1949-1950 (2 folders)
Box
30 WWII Fat Ration stamps, Great Britain I, 1949-1950
Box
30 WWII Fat Ration stamps, Great Britain II, 1918-1948
Box
30 WWII Fat Ration stamps, Great Britain III, 1939-1954
Box
30 British butter tokens, Great Britain, 1939-1954
Box
31 WWII Fat Ration stamps, Hungary, 1939-1954
Box
31 WWII Fat Ration stamps, Netherlands (2 folders), 1971-1974
Box
31 WWI and WWII Fat Ration stamps, Poland, 1945, 1952
Box
31 WWII Fat Ration stamps, Spain, 1940-1945
Box
31 WWII Fat Ration stamps, Switzerland, 1916-1952
Box
31 WWII Fat Ration stamps, Sweden
Box
32 WWII Fat Ration stamps, United States
Box
32 Soap and Margarine Stamps, Lipid Philately, 1941, 1947
Box
32 Collected greeting cards from museums and historic societies, 1940-1945
Box
33 Making of butter and coconut oil
Box
33 Oive oil production
Box
33 Harvesting in Canada
Box
33 Family photo album, Amsterdam, New York
Box
33 Interior of Marshall's flax-mill, Leeds
Box
33 Reprint of photograph from the Philadelphia Museum
Box
34 Advertisements: Atlantic White Lead & Linseed Oil Co., 1988-1998
Box
35 Advertisements: Cosmo Buttermilk Toilet Soap, Display Case Co
Box
36 Advertisements: GFA Brands Inc., Higgins Soap Works, John F. Jelke Co., Spencer Kellogg,, 1856-1996
Box
37 Advertisements: Land o Lakes margarine, Lever Brothers, Nabisco, National flaxseed processors association, 1851-1997
Box
38 Advertisements: Olearius Editions, Procter & Gamble, 1860-1991
Box
39 Advertisements: Sherwin Williams, Swifts, Wesson, Worcester Salt Co., Wolverine Soap Co., 1860-2000
Box
40 Articles: Coconut oil, Cottonseed oil, 1813-1994
Box
41 Articles: Linoleum Oleomargarine Tax Stamps, Olives, Reef's Encyclopedia Plates
Box
42 Articles: tallow chandlers, wax chandlers, U.S. House of Representatives on Oleomargarine, 1851-1992
Box
43 Letterheads: American Linseed Oil Co., Archers Daniel Midland Co., B.T. Babbitt, 1852-2007
Box
44 Letterheads: Bisbee Linseed Co., Bunge and Co., Campell & Thayer,
Box
45 Letterheads: Colgate, Crisco, Louis Dreyfus & Co. Eagle Paint & Varnish Co., Fire Insurance and Rating Company of New Jersey, 1846-2006
Box
46 Letterheads: Fire Insurance and Rating Company of New Jersey, The Glidden Varnish Co., Globe Soap Co., 1830-1944
Box
47 Letterheads: Holt Soap Co., Humphrey, Syems and Co., Indian Important contracts, 1815-1968
Box
48 Letterheads: Kellogg and Miller, James S. Kirk Co., Larkin Co.,, 1850-1970
Box
49 Letterheads: Mann Brothers & Co., National Lead Co., Neapolitan Olive Co.,, 1837-1968
Box
50 Letterheads: J.L Owens Co. Red Wing Linseed Oil Co., 1868-2006
Box
51 Letterheads: Sherwin Williams Co., Spencer Kellogg, Southern Cotton Oil Co., Trenton Oil Cloth Co., 1769-2006
Box
52 Letterheads: Wadsworth, Martinez & Longman, United States Customs Service, White & Bagle Co.,, 1853-1993
Box
53 Pamphlets: Allis Chalmers Mfg, Best Foods Inc, Canadian Soybean Export Assc, Colgate, Fort Worth Steel & Machinery Co., International Olive Oil Council, 1858-2003
Box
54 Pamphlets: Landis Valley Museum, Los Angeles County Fair, Manlove Alliott & Co., The Oily Press, Pompeian Olive Oil Co, Procter and Gamble, Savonette, Texas A&M, Wente Bros
Box
55 Postcards: Alberta Linseed Co., Bisbee Linseed Co., Candle Making, Colgate, Cottonseed Oil
Box
56 Postcards: Dutch National Museum, Galveston Texas, Imperial Institute,
Box
57 Postcards: Menhaden Fishing, Murphy Varnish Co., National Lead Co, National Linseed Co., 1810-1996
Box
58 Postcards: Pompeian Olive Oil, Procter and Gamble, M. M. Rocke postcards, 1860-1998
Box
59 Postcards: Soap, Spanish olive oil, Texas, United States Linseed Oil Co., Western Linoleum C., 1860-1999
Box
60 Stamps: Columbus Oleomargarine, Chinese Candle Tax, Christmas Island, Cyprus, Georgia Cottonseed Meal Tax, Mississippi Cottonseed Tax, Russian Flax Plant, 1765-1990
Box
61 Stocks certificates and bonds: Charleston oil manufacturing co., Conn butter improvement co., The Durban Oil & soap Co., Huggins Soap Works, The Indian oil company limited, International Cottonseed Cleaning Co Ltd, the maxim soap co., the planters cottonseed co., Procter & gamble co., the swadeshi oil mills co., Sherman oil mill, tropical oil products co. ltd.,, 1927-1996
Box
62 Trade cards: Barbers Pure Soaps, Beach Soap, R.W. Bell & Co., Borax Soap Co., Columbia Soap Works, Curtis Davis & Co Soap, 1881-1990
Box
63 Trade cards: Eagle Soap Works, L.I. Fisk & Co., Hartford Chemical Co, soap, Kendall Manufacturing Co.,
Box
64 Trade cards: James S. Kirk & Co., Larkin, Lautz Bros. & Co.,, 1870-1932
Box
65 Trade cards: Mission Soap and Candle Works, Napheys, National soap works,, 1880-1910
Box
66 Trade cards: Palmolive, James Pyle, Reynard Soap Co., Schultz & Co., Woodley & Leonard, 1880-1911
Box
67 Clothing: Durkees margarine paper hats, University of Arizona Jojoba patch, SIA t-shirt, tote bag, Napa Valley olive oil manufacturing co, 1871-1910
Drawer
L-1 Poster ads: Anon, Boston's Price Current and Marine Intelligencer, price sheet, 1881-1902
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L-1 Poster ads: Anon, Linseed Oil, 1960-1997
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L-1 Poster ads: Anon, To Protect the Mills, French poster, 1798
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L-1 Poster ads: Armour
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L-1 Poster ads: Bryant and Brett Silver Spray Soap Powder, 1992
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L-1 Poster ads: Brookes Soap, c. 1920
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L-1 Poster ads: Bibby's Dairy Cake, c. 1890
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L-1 Poster ads: Basilius Besler, giant sunflower, 1892
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L-1 Poster ads: A. Berghaus, The fight against Oleomargarine, c. 1920
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L-2 Poster ads: Cabinet Tank Manufacturing Co., Noyes Patent oil saving tanks, 1971
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L-2 Poster ads: Capital City Products Co., Dixie oleomargarine, c. 1890
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L-2 Poster ads: Clinton historical museum village, conference, 1871
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L-2 Poster ads: Cohn, B.R. Winery, c. 1960
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L-2 Poster ads: Corn Products Refining Co., Mazola, 1987
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L-2 Poster ads: Colgate, Fab, toilet soap
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L-3 Poster ads: Factory Products Corp, 1920-1935
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L-3 Poster ads: Finalliance Whale Symposium, circa 1890, 1903, 1923
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L-3 Poster ads: Forli, Itl, Average price table, 1919
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L-3 Poster ads: Florence, Itl, Proclamations, 1978
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L-3 Poster ads: France, Decree of the King's council of State, soap tax repeal, 1845-1850
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L-3 Poster ads: Howell, Arthur, tanner's oil for sale, 1583, 1654
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L-4 Poster ads: Italy, notice abolishing meat and soap tax, 1782
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L-4 Poster ads: Israel, trees of Israel, 1794
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L-4 Poster ads: Jones, W. M., Jones' chemical washing fluid, 1686, 1843
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L-4 Poster ads: Jelke, Good luck margarine, 1980
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L-4 Poster ads: Kellogg & Miller, 1859
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L-4 Poster ads: Kendall Manufacturing Co., Sapolio, 1930, 1937
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L-4 Poster ads: Kirk, James J. & Co., Jap Rose Soap
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L-4 Poster ads: Lanford, A., Cash for flaxseed, 1907
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L-4 Poster ads: Lever Brothers, Lifebuoy Soap, Sunlight soap, 1918
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L-4 Poster ads: Lewis, John T., Price current of colors, 1798-1799
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L-4 Poster ads: Leinolfest, circa 1800, 1901
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L-5 Poster ads: Morris Canal Co., rates of toll, 1876
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L-5 Poster ads: Morris & Co., Supreme margarine, 1983
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L-5 Poster ads: Maypole Dairy Co., Food prices, 1854
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L-5 Poster ads: Meyerstown Hide & Tallow Co, 1920
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L-5 Poster ads: Mirocha, Kay, Jojoba Conference, 1916
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L-5 Poster ads: Murphy Varnish Co., circa 1930
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L-5 Poster Ads: Mutual Insurance Co., - prohibited risks, 1982
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L-6 Poster ads: National Association of Margarine Manufacturers, 1903
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L-6 Poster ads: National Cottonseed Products Association, circa 1890
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L-6 Poster ads: Napoletane Provincie, Customs decree, 1946-1947
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L-6 Poster ads: Newark Museum, Whaling Days
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L-6 Poster ads: New York, Dairy products dealers, 1861
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L-6 Poster Ads: New York Times, 1975
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L-7 Poster ads: Office of War Information, Save waste fats, 1886
Drawer
L-7 Poster ads: Palmolive, shampoo, 1919
Drawer
L-7 Poster ads: Patterson, Robert, new flaxseed works, 1943
Drawer
L-7 Poster ads: Pear's soap, 1922
Drawer
L-7 Poster ads: Planters Edile Oil Co., Sheindele the chazente, 1792
Drawer
L-7 Poster ads: Procter & Gamble, Ivory Soap, 1893, 1906
Drawer
L-7 Poster ads: Pyle, James & Co., Pearline, circa 1930
Drawer
L-7 Poster ads: Rome, table of average prices, 1899
Drawer
L-8 Poster ads: Shell Oil Co., paint out the target, 1984, 1896
Drawer
L-8 Poster ads: Shem, Israel oil industry museum, 1836
Drawer
L-8 Poster ads: Sicily, Royal decree Ferdinando I, II, Fancesco II, 1944
Drawer
L-9 Poster ads: Society for Industrial Archeology conference posters, 1985
Drawer
L-10 Poster ads: Southern Cotton Oil Co., Wesson oil, snowdrift shortening, 1817-1860
Drawer
L-10 Poster ads: Swift & Co., Wool soap, 1975-2001
Drawer
L-11 Poster ads: Triebels, C.H.R. Lilly patent butter worker, 1919-1928
Drawer
L-11 Poster ads: Troco Nut Butter Co., oleomargarine
Drawer
L-11 Poster ads: United Kingdom, government butter tokens welcome here, 1879
Drawer
L-11 Poster ads: Watkins, R.L. Co., Cocoanut Oil Shampoo, 1918-1919
Drawer
L-11 Poster ads: Wells, Richardson & Co., Golden Extract of Annatto, 1973
Drawer
L-11 Poster ads: Whitney's, G.F., Curriers' Soap, 1919
Drawer
L-12 Prints: Anon, Stranded Whale, 1876
Drawer
L-12 Prints: Anon, the whale fishery, circa 1880
Drawer
L-12 Prints: Anon, Japanese water-powered rapeseed mill, 1598
Drawer
L-12 Prints: Anon, changing candles, circa 1800
Drawer
L-12 Prints: Anon, woman churning butter, 1786
Drawer
L-12 Prints: Anon, calendar, march 1983, circa 1830
Drawer
L-12 Prints: Anon, candle making, 1805
Drawer
L-12 Prints: Anon, wheat, rice, and cotton seed hullers, 1983
Drawer
L-12 Prints: Anon, l histoire d'une bougie (story of a candle), circa 1900
Drawer
L-12 Prints: Anon, technical education for dairymaids, 1886
Drawer
L-12 Prints: Anon, butter churns, 1890
Drawer
L-12 Prints: Anon, Japanese print, 1892
Drawer
L-12 Prints: Anon, soap, 1886
Drawer
L-12 Prints: Atlantic White Lead & Linseed Oil Co.
Drawer
L-12 Prints: Artes et metiers, 1888
Drawer
L-13 Prints: Bourdette, Leon, Huile d'Olive Superfine label, 1876
Drawer
L-13 Prints: Boone, David, Spencer Kellogg print, 1820
Drawer
L-13 Prints: Bowie, John and Associates, Reconstruction of the 1818 Linseed oil mill at new harmony, Indiana, 1890
Drawer
L-13 Prints: Crossfield soap works, 2003
Drawer
L-13 Prints: Curtis, William, linum usitatissimum, common flax, 1987
Drawer
L-14 Prints: Decluyl, France, 1886
Drawer
L-14 Prints: Diderot, Dennis, Supplemental plates to Encyclopaedie entry, 1780
Drawer
L-14 Prints: Ema, extracting sesame oil and okra seed oils, color photocopy
Drawer
L-14 Prints: Evan's improved grist mill, 1762
Drawer
L-14 Prints: Farag, The old red mill, Clinton, New Jersey, 1997
Drawer
L-15 Prints: Friedman manufacturing co., cream of nut oleomargarine, 1981
Drawer
L-15 Prints: Harm Oil Mill
Drawer
L-15 Prints: Hash, Lahoina, circa 1920
Drawer
L-15 Prints: Hulie D'Olive
Drawer
L-15 Prints: Illustrated Current news, Thirty-three drown
Drawer
L-16 Prints: Jansen, A, Pearl Barley Mill
Drawer
L-16 Prints: Jelke, gilt edge oleomargarine, 1926
Drawer
L-16 Prints: Kellogg & Miller, linseed oil works, 1979
Drawer
L-16 Prints: Litchfield, Carter, mounting stamps, Phd diploma, circa 1930
Drawer
L-17 Prints: Maulevier, Cound de, Trenton sur la Delaware, circa 1890, 1916
Drawer
L-17 Prints: Murray, W.B., school of whales driven into shallow water, 1966, 1987
Drawer
L-17 Prints: National Geographic, whales of the world, 1962
Drawer
L-17 Prints: Old Mill Machinery & Supply association, 1875
Drawer
L-17 Prints: Pears Soap, 1976
Drawer
L-17 Price's patent candle company's works
Drawer
L-18 Prints: Qasrin, Israel, mill, 1878
Drawer
L-18 Prints: Richards, Walter, Housewives save waste fats, 1849, 1854, 1861
Drawer
L-18 Prints: Sipman, Anton, oliemolen: de wentelaszolder
Drawer
L-18 Prints: Van Gogh, Vincent, the olive orchard, circa 1943
Drawer
L-18 Prints: Zannse Schons, 1978
Drawer
L-19 Articles: Anon, Farmers and Planters oils, circa 1990
Drawer
L-19 Articles: Anon, Oleomargarine: how it's made, 1968
Drawer
L-19 Articles: Anon, Manufacture of Artificial butter in New York, 1820
Drawer
L-19 Articles: Anon, Harbine's linseed oil mill (photocopy), 1880
Drawer
L-19 Articles: Anon, New Hampshire Patriot and state gazette, 1873
Drawer
L-19 Articles: Anon, The Illustrated London News, 1869
Drawer
L-19 Articles: Bakers Castor Oil Co., fire insurance rating, 1829
Drawer
L-19 Articles: Bunnell, C., Bogus butter making, 1802
Drawer
L-19 Articles: Burling, Gilbert, long island oil-fisheries, 1955-1970
Drawer
L-20 Articles: Caldwell, G.C., oleomargarine, 1884
Drawer
L-20 Articles: Commercial manufacturing Co., Oleomargarine butter, 1871
Drawer
L-20 Articles: Colgate & Co., Fire insurance policy, 1892
Drawer
L-20 Articles: Du Puy, William Atherton, making oleomargarine respectable, 1880
Drawer
L-20 Articles: Ireland, Parliament, acts of the parliament relative to linen, 1872
Drawer
L-20 Articles: Kellogg, Spencer & Sons, 33 die as boat hits ice (photocopy), 1912
Drawer
L-20 Articles: New Jersey Mirror, 1802
Drawer
L-20 Articles: New York State, act for the inspection of flax seed, 1926
Drawer
L-20 Articles: Nolen, R.R., improved cutting and flaxing machine, 1832
Drawer
L-20 Articles: Postal Card, devoted to the interest of manufacturers, 1822
Drawer
L-20 Articles: Peel, Guido, Oostmolen Gistel, circa 1930
Drawer
L-20 Articles: Vermont Farm Machine Co., The Dairyman, 1881
Drawer
L-20 Articles: Wadsworth Bros. & howland, Boston paint and oil review, 1985
Drawer
L-21 Maps and blueprints: Baker Castor Oil Co., fire insurance map, 1883
Drawer
L-21 Maps and blueprints: Bethlehem oil mill, master plans, 1880
Drawer
L-21 Maps and blueprints: Burlington Island, 1938, 1950, 1967
Drawer
L-21 Maps and blueprints: Burotrop, world palm production
Drawer
L-21 Maps and blueprints: De Rive Mill Society, 1970
Drawer
L-21 Maps and blueprints: Gilbert L.L., Track layout for Spiker Wagon Works, 1992
Drawer
L-22 Maps and blueprints: Fire insurance rating organization of new jersey, insurance map, 1989
Drawer
L-23 Maps and blueprints: Harbor Tank Storage Co, insurance map, 1885
Drawer
L-23 Maps and blueprints: Insurance company of north America, octagon process co. factory, 1933-1968
Drawer
L-23 Maps and blueprints: Litchfield, Carter, map of the baird old mill site, 1942
Drawer
L-23 Maps and blueprints: Prallsville, New Jersey, map of old mill site, 1972
Drawer
L-24 Maps and blueprints: Ricketts, Robert Daniel, Danville Virginia in 1829, 1990
Drawer
L-24 Maps and blueprints: United State Army Corp of Engineers, Calumet River, 1874
Drawer
L-24 Maps and blueprints: Whitney Bros. Co., proposed additions to Spencer Kellogg factory, 1978
Drawer
L-25 Oleomargarine tax stamps, colored and uncolored, 1894
Drawer
L-26 Stock Certificates and Bonds: American Linseed Co., 1929
Drawer
L-26 Stock Certificates and Bonds: Cotton Seed Co., Ltd, UK, 1931
Drawer
L-26 Stock Certificates and Bonds: Durban Oil & Soap Co., LTD, 1898
Drawer
L-26 Stock Certificates and Bonds: Hageman & Co., LTD, 1904
Drawer
L-26 Stock Certificates and Bonds: United Provinces Oil Mills Co. India, 1902
Drawer
L-27 Letterhead and receipts: Renselear, Philip Van, 1899
Drawer
L-27 Letterhead and receipts: Malcomson & Bell, Ireland, 1921
Drawer
L-27 Miscellaneous mailing envelopes, 1843
John F. Jelk Co.
Drawer
L-28 Patents: Smith, John W., Gas Retort, 1835
Drawer
L-28 Thomas Alex. Drake, Leather Dressing
VIII. Videos
Scope and Content
The ephemera items in this series are poster size and are arranged alphabetically in the following groups: advertisements, articles, letterheads, prints, and stock certificates
Box
68 Adventures in the Unknown Interior of America
Box
68 Connections, 1990; 4 discs
Box
68 The Cooper's Craft: The Art of Colonial Barrel Making
Box
68 Cottonseed: It's Part of Your Daily Life
Box
68 Cottonseed: The Inside Story, 1997; 2 VHS cartridges
Box
68 An Educational Seminar on: Using Cottonseed Oil Back on the Farm for more Efficient Pest Management, 1994
Box
68 Extracts from American Newspapers Relating to Colonial New Jersey; 2 VHS cartridges
Box
68 Fundacion del Olivar: Servicio Interactivo de Informacion [Olive Foundation: Interactive Information Service], 1999
Box
68 Hunterdon Gazette, 1825-1834
Box
68 Interview with Walter Scheetz
Box
68 Lawrence Behr, Behr's Mill, 1974
Box
68 The Lambertville Story; 3 cassettes
Box
68 The Library Company of Philadelphia: Celebrating 275 Years
Box
68 Liquid Gold, 1985
Box
68 Les Maitres De l'Olivier [Masters of the Olive], 1994
Box
68 Making Steel, 1998
Box
68 New Jersey Legacy: Fortunes in Furs, 2006
Box
68 New Jersey Legacy: Royal Rule & Religious Revival (22 items), 1894-1910
Box
68 New Jersey Legacy: The Two New Jerseys, 1857
Box
68 Pen-Ruling: A Vanishing Industrial Craft
Box
68 Stoere Werkers: Molens in Nederland, 1930-1933
Box
68 Supplementing Beef Cattle: Why, When, How, Volumes I&II