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Thomas C. Marshall photographs
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Thomas C. Marshall photographs

Accession 1990.270

Audiovisual Collections and Digital Initiatives Department, Hagley Museum and Library


PO Box 3630
Wilmington, Delaware, 19807
302-658-2400
askhagley@hagley.org

This finding aid was produced using the Archivists' Toolkit 2015-05-20T10:49-0400

Finding aid prepared using best local practices and Describing Archives: A Content Standard

Cite items for this collection in the following format:
[Description and dates], Box/folder number, Thomas C. Marshall photographs (Accession 1990.270), Hagley Museum and Library, Wilmington, DE 19807

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Descriptive Summary

Title: Thomas C. Marshall photographs
Dates: 1900-1950
Accession Number: 1990.270
Creator: Marshall, Thomas Clarence, 1885-1969
Extent: 1166.0 items
Physical Description: 164 photographic prints: b&w, 8 x 10 in. or smaller 8 photographic prints: b&w, 8 x 31 in. or smaller 7 photographic prints: b&w, 16 x 20 in. 244 negatives: glass, b&w, 8 x 10 in. or smaller 243 negatives: glass, b&w, 5 x 7 in. or smaller 207 negatives: glass, b&w, 4 x 5 in. or smaller 7 negatives: glass, b&w, 30.5 x 54 cm. or smaller 95 negatives: b&w, 8 x 10 in; 62 negatives: b&w, 5 x 7 in; 38 negatives: b&w, 4 x 5 in; 66 slides: lantern, hand-colored, 8.7 x 10.2 cm; 1 album (102 photographic prints: color), 31.6 x 33.8 cm 1 print (postcard), 10.5 x 15 cm 3 items: booklets 1 item: copper printing plate 19 items.
Language of Material: English
Repository: Hagley Museum and Library: Audiovisual Collections and Digital Initiatives Department
Abstract: The collection primarily consists of images featuring the Marshall family and their relatives and friends, both in formal group portraits and more casual poses.
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Administrative Information


Access Restrictions

This collection is open for research.

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Historical Note

Thomas C. Marshall, Jr.’s family has lived in the area now known as Yorklyn, Delaware since the mid-1700s. In 1890, Tom’s grandfather, Israel W. Marshall, formed a partnership with his brother, T. Elwood Marshall, and Franklin Ewart. They purchased the former Garrett paper mill in Yorklyn, renaming it the Marshall Brothers Paper Mill. In 1897, Israel built a Victorian mansion, now known as Auburn Heights, on a hill overlooking the paper mill. This mansion has remained in the family to the present time, belonging first to Israel’s son, T. (Thomas) Clarence Marshall, and later to his son, Thomas C. Marshall, Jr.

T. Clarence Marshall was a man of many hobbies. He was a steam automobile and railroad enthusiast, as well as an enthusiast of trapshooting and an avid photographer. T. Clarence purchased the first automobile in Yorklyn in 1904, and later became dealer in Stanley Steamer cars, selling them from 1910 to 1920. Marshall also acquired a large personal collection of Stanley Steamers, dating from 1902 to 1922. From the late 1940s onward, T. Clarence Marshall acquired and built small-scale locomotives and railroad tracks on his property, creating a miniature railroad, which he opened on occasion to the public along with an automobile museum.

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Scope and Content

The collection primarily consists of images featuring the Marshall family and their relatives and friends, both in formal group portraits and more casual poses. It features a large number of images of Tom Marshall, Jr., with the majority of these being pictures from his first two years. Both Auburn Heights, the Marshall home, and the Marshall Brother's Paper Mill appear in a number of images. These include both interior and exterior views of the buildings. Mill workers are featured in some of the photographs, normally posed formally in groups or next to pieces of machinery. Other Delaware buildings that appear in the collection include the Yorklyn Railroad Station, the Garrett Snuff Mills, the Wilmington Friends School and assorted houses and other buildings around Yorklyn. Another series of images features buildings in Chester County, Pennsylvania, which were taken by T. Clarence Marshall around 1915 and used in preparation for a production of "Story of Kennett," given at Longwood in 1933. These include images of the Anvill Tavern at Longwood, The Turk's Head Inn in West Chester, views of Chadd's Ford and assorted other homes, meeting houses, and roads.

Automobiles are also featured in a number of images. Many images of the Marshall family and their friends include one or more of the Stanley Steamer automobiles which T. Clarence Marshall sold and later collected. Individual automobiles are also featured, as are images of Marshall's collection of Stanley Steamers in front of the automobile museum he established at Auburn Heights. Another of Marshall's interests, trapshooting, is also well represented in the collection, with both group portraits of participants at the Yorklyn Gun Club and individual photographs of men shooting and holding rifles. A series of miscellaneous images including natural scenes, boats and waterfront views and pictures of buildings and amusements at the 1904 Louisiana Purchase Exhibition in St. Louis round out the collection.

There are 26 lantern slides of southern Chester County, Pennsylvania, images. They are undated, but appear to be form the late teens or 1920's. Views include Chadds Ford, Hamorton, Willowdale; houses (Barton, Fairthorn, Hallowell, Albert Marshall's, Potter, Sinclair); pubs and inns (Anvil Tavern, Hammer & Trowel, Red Lion, Turk's Head); cemeteries (Longwood, Old Kennett, Unionville), meetinghouses (Birmingham, London Grove, New Garden, Old Kennett).

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Access Points

Anvil Tavern (Longwood, Pa.)
Automobiles, Steam.
Chadds Ford (Pa.)--Buildings, structures, etc.
Chester County (Pa.)--Historic buildings.
Delaware--Pictorial works--Views--1900-1950.
Dwellings--Delaware--Yorklyn.
Glass negatives.
Group portraits.
Kennett Square (Pa.)--Buildings, structures, etc.
Lantern slides.
Louisiana Purchase Exposition (1904: Saint Louis, Mo.)
Mills and mill-work.
Paper mills.
Papermaking machinery.
Railroad stations--Delaware--Yorklyn.
Trapshooting.
Turk's Head Inn (West Chester, Pa.)
Wilmington Friends School (Wilmington, Del.)
Yorklyn (De.)--Buildings, structures, etc.
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Series Descriptions and Inventory

Box
1 Identified people – includes images of Marshall family members and friends; 26 4"x 5" (or smaller) b & w glass negatives
Box
1 Unidentified people and animals; 62 4"x 5" (or smaller) b & w glass negatives
Box
1 Auburn Heights, Marshall home in Yorklyn, DE - interior and exterior images; 10 4"x 5" (or smaller) b & w glass negatives 10 4"x 5" (or smaller) b & w glass negatives
Box
1 Mill buildings, machinery and workers; 23 4"x 5" (or smaller) b & w glass negatives
Box
1 Identified buildings – includes images of Wilmington Friends School, Yorklyn in 1904, and other identified homes and public buildings; 8 4"x 5" (or smaller) b & w glass negatives
Box
2 Unidentified buildings – includes two images of an unidentified city waterfront area, probably taken from a boat; 2 4" x 5" (or smaller) b & w glass negatives
Box
2 Nature and scenery – includes images of trolley tracks running near Yorklyn, DE. The location of most scenery is unknown.; 23 4" x 5" (or smaller) b & w glass negatives
Box
2 Exhibition images – Most of these negatives are images from the 1904 Louisiana Purchase Exhibition in St. Louis, MO; three are from the Columbian Exhibition of 1893 and one is unidentified.; 37 4" x 5" (or smaller) b & w glass negatives
Box
2 Chester County buildings and scenery - buildings, roads, cemeteries, and scenic views in southern Chester County, particularly in Kennett Square, Chadds Ford and West Chester, corresponding to locations in "The Story of Kennett," performed as a play in 1933 at Longwood; 26 4" x 5" (or smaller) b & w glass negatives
Box
3 Cast of the 1933 performance "The Story of Kennett" at Longwood; 40 hand-tinted, glass slides
Box
4 Thomas C. Marshall, Jr. baby pictures - includes images from Tom Marshall's first two years; 45 5" x 7" (or smaller) b & w film and glass negatives
Box
5 Thomas C. Marshall, Jr. baby pictures - includes images from Tom Marshall's first two years; 45 5" x 7" (or smaller) b & w film and glass negatives
Box
6 Identified people - includes images of Marshall family members and friends; 46 5" x 7" (or smaller) b & w film and glass negatives
Box
7 Identified people - includes images of Marshall family members and friends; 12 5" x 7" (or smaller) b & w film and glass negatives
Box
7 Unidentified people and animals; 33 5" x 7" (or smaller) b & w film and glass negatives
Box
8 Mill buildings and machinery - includes images of the construction of Mill Building 1 across the railroad tracks from the main Marshall Brothers Mill in 1904; 7 5" x 7" (or smaller) b & w film and glass negatives
Box
8 Identified buildings - includes "Flowerdale", home of Thomas C. Marshall, Jr.'s maternal grandmother; 4 5" x 7" (or smaller) b & w film and glass negatives
Box
8 Unidentified buildings; 14 5" x 7" (or smaller) b & w film and glass negatives
Box
8 Boats and views from boats - includes images of the steamship New York and images of a yacht, which probably belonged to T. Clarence Marshall and was called The Blue Hen; 10 5" x 7" (or smaller) b & w film and glass negatives
Box
9 Thomas C. Marshall, Jr. baby pictures - includes images from Tom Marshall's first two years; 20 8" x 10" (or smaller) b & w glass negatives
Box
10 Thomas C. Marshall, Jr. baby pictures - includes images from Tom Marshall's first two years; 19 8" x 10" (or smaller) b & w glass negatives
Box
11 Thomas C. Marshall, Jr. baby pictures - includes images from Tom Marshall's first two years; 6 8" x 10" (or smaller) b & w glass negatives
Box
11 Identified people - includes images of Marshall family members and friends; 35 8" x 10" (or smaller) b & w glass negatives, 8 prints
Box
12 Identified people - includes images of Marshall family members and friends; 21 8" x 10" (or smaller) b & w glass negatives, 27 prints
Box
13 Identified people - includes images of Marshall family members and friends; 19 8" x 10" (or smaller) b & w glass negatives, 12 prints
Box
14 Unidentified people and animals; 26 8" x 10" (or smaller) b & w glass negatives, 17 prints
Box
15 Unidentified people and animals; 16 8" x 10" (or smaller) b & w glass negatives, 7 prints
Box
15 Unidentified buildings; 7 8" x 10" (or smaller) b & w glass negatives, 14 prints
Box
16 Identified buildings - includes images of the Yorklyn Railroad Station, Wilmington Friends School and the Yorklyn Gun Club, where T. Clarence Marshall held trapshooting tournaments, as well as other identified homes and public buildings; 12 8" x 10" (or smaller) b & w glass negatives, 14 prints
Box
16 Auburn Heights, Marshall home in Yorklyn, DE - interior and exterior images; 16 8" x 10" (or smaller) b & w glass negatives, 5 prints
Box
17 Mill buildings, machinery and workers - interior and exterior of Marshall Paper Mill; 28 8" x 10" (or smaller) b & w glass negatives, 4 prints
Box
18 Mill buildings, machinery and workers - interior and exterior of Marshall Paper Mill; 23 8" x 10" (or smaller) b & w glass negatives, 5 prints
Box
19 Nature and scenery - includes rock garden developed by Ester Marshall, winter images of Auburn Heights, as well as natural scenery from Yorklyn and from unidentified areas, 1925, 1930-1931, 1934; 71 8" x 10" (or smaller) b & w glass negatives, 2 prints
Box
20 Automobiles - includes photographs of T. Clarence Marshall's Stanley Steamer collection, some of which feature people driving or standing beside the automobiles; 53 8" x 10" (or smaller) b & w glass negatives, 8 prints
Box
21 Chester County Buildings and Scenery - buildings, roads, cemeteries, and scenic views in southern Chester County, particularly in Kennett Square, Chadds Ford and West Chester; 27 8" x 10" (or smaller) b & w glass negatives, 26 prints
Box
22 Trapshooting - includes images of groups at the trap shoots held by T. Clarence Marshall at the Yorklyn Gun Club, as well as images of individuals holding guns; 52 8" x 10" (or smaller) b & w glass negatives, 11 prints
Box
22 Trapshooting ephemera - programs and invitations for trapshooting tournaments, both at the Yorklyn Gun Club and in other states; 11 items
Box
23 Trolley tracks and trolley near Yorklyn, Delaware; 2 8" x 10" (or smaller) b & w glass negatives
Box
23 Actor James Melton seated on a locomotive late purchased by T. Clarence Marshall; 1 b & w print
Box
23 Miniature locomotives and locomotive models; 6 8" x 10" (or smaller) b & w glass negatives
Box
23 Three unidentified ferries along waterfront; 1 8" x 10" (or smaller) b & w glass negative, 1 print
Box
23 Performance of "Story of Kennett" at Longwood; 2 8" x 10" (or smaller) b & w glass negatives
Box
23 Formal dining table set for 16; 1 8" x 10" (or smaller) b & w glass negative, 1 print
Box
23 Birthday postcard received by Mrs. Israel Marshall, 1905; 1 postcard
Box
23 Ephemera from 1949 Glidden tour of antique autos, Gettysburg, PA to Wilmington, DE - kick-off dinner program, 1949 September
Box
23 Ephemera from 1949 Glidden tour of antique autos, Gettysburg, PA to Wilmington, DE - Gettysburg Times, 1949 September 24-26
Box
23 Ephemera from 1949 Glidden tour of antique autos, Gettysburg, PA to Wilmington, DE - special edition of the Gettysburg Times, 1949 September 24
Box
23 Ephemera from 1949 Glidden tour of antique autos, Gettysburg, PA to Wilmington, DE - Gettysburg Times envelope, 1949
Box
23 Ephemera from 1949 Glidden tour of antique autos, Gettysburg, PA to Wilmington, DE - Gettysburg booklets and battlefield map (collected before the Glidden Tour), 1949; 3 booklets, 1 map
Box
25 Image of Auburn Heights and one ink roller; 1 lithograph copper plate
Box
26 Views of the Marshall Paper Mills and Yorklyn; 7 oversize glass negatives, 30.5 x 54 cm
Box
DF 12 Views of the Marshall Paper Mills and Yorklyn that correspond to oversize glass negatives; 7 b & w prints
Drawer
A-55 Group portraits of participants at T. Clarence Marshall's trapshooting tournaments; three feature views of the Garrett Snuff Mills and Marshall Brother Paper Mill; 8 b & w prints
Box
DF 12 Two rosters used to keep track of participants and scores at trap shoots
Box
DF 12 Advertisement for the Marshall Trap Shoot at the Yorklyn Gun Club, 1948