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Elmer Sperry photograph collection
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Elmer Sperry photograph collection

Accession 1985.257

Audiovisual Collections and Digital Initiatives Department, Hagley Museum and Library


PO Box 3630
Wilmington, Delaware, 19807
302-658-2400
research@hagley.org

Finding aid prepared by Laurie Rizzo in 2013.

This finding aid was produced using the Archivists' Toolkit 2013-10-25T13:22-0400

Finding aid prepared using best local practices and Describing Archives: A Content Standard

Cite items for this collection in the following format:
[Description and dates], Box/folder number, Elmer Sperry photograph collection (Accession 1985.257), Hagley Museum and Library, Wilmington, DE 19807

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Descriptive Summary

Title: Elmer Sperry photograph collection
Dates: 1847-1945
Accession Number: 1985.257
Creator: Hughes, Thomas; Sperry, Elmer Ambrose, 1860-1930
Extent: 14.5 linear feet
Physical Description: 235 photographic prints : b&w ; 8 x 10 in. 104 photographic prints : b&w ; 5 x 7 in. 41 photographic prints : b&w ; 4 x 6 in. or smaller. 2 photographic prints on carte-de-visite mounts : b&w ; 11 x 6 cm. 1 negative : b&w ; 4 x 5 in. 2 negatives : b&w ; 5 x 7 in. 1 drawing : pencil ; 8 x 10 in. 18 items : patent drawings ; 8 x 10 in. 2 items : letterheads ; 8 x 10 in.
Language of Material: English
Repository: Hagley Museum and Library: Audiovisual Collections and Digital Initiatives Department
Abstract: Elmer A. Sperry (1860-1930) was an electrical engineer who established the Electric Light, Motor, and Car Brake Company in 1883 and then founded the Sperry Electric Mining Machine Company in 1886. After selling his patents to General Electric, he went to work for the company as a consultant. This collection includes original materials, as well as copy work from other sources and images which show Sperry's inventions; there is some ephemera, family photos, employees, and views of the Sperry Company's Brooklyn drafting rooms.
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Biographical Note

Elmer A. Sperry was born in 1860. He attended the local schools in Cortland, New York, and then enrolled in Cornell University. At Cornell he developed an interest in electrical engineering and began working with a group of industrialists from Syracuse, New York, in order to construct an arc lighting system. By 1882 Sperry was already recognized as one of America's electrical pioneers.

In 1883 Sperry moved to Chicago where he established the Electric Light, Motor, and Car Brake Company. He found that he could not compete with the more established Edison and Brush Electric companies, so he began experimenting with electric coal-mining equipment. In l886 he founded the Sperry Electric Mining Machine Company. During these years Sperry also developed an electric street car. After selling his patents to General Electric, he went to work for the company as a consultant.

In 1907 Sperry began to experiment with the gyroscope. Three years later, he founded the Sperry Gyroscope Company in Brooklyn, in order to develop, manufacture, and market marine gyrostabilizing devices. Working closely with the Navy, he developed the gyrocompass, ship stabilizer, and high intensity search-light. During the First World War, the Sperry Gyroscope Company became a major defense contractor, and Elmer Sperry sat on the Naval Consulting Board. After the war, Sperry Gyroscope moved into aeronautics as it developed airplane stabilizers, gyrostabilized bombsights, and the aerial torpedo. At the time of his death, Sperry owned 332 patents and had 48 more pending. The earliest one for a steam engine dynamo dates from 1882 and in 1930, the year of his death, he was granted four patents alone. Elmer Sperry died on June l6, l930.

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Scope and Content

The collection has been divided into seven series: Thomas Hughes photographs used in Elmer A. Sperry biography; Elmer A. Sperry photographs; Albums; Lantern slides; Glass plate negatives; Films and Ephemera.

The Thomas Hughes photographs used in Elmer A. Sperry biography series includes images collected by historian, Thomas Hughes, for his biography of the inventor (these were later presented to Hagley). This series contains original materials (an undated pamphlet from the Scientific Aeroplane Company) as well as copy work from other sources. There is one small sheet of original sketches by Sperry of design, mounting and control of a ship's gyrostabilizer. Unfortunately, almost all of this is marked with printer's cropping and has mechanical notes (from the printer) taped to it. Most of the images show Sperry's inventions; there is some ephemera, family photos, employees, and views of the Sperry Company's Brooklyn drafting rooms.

The Elmer Sperry photographs series were transferred from the Elmer Sperry papers in Hagley's Manuscripts and Archives department. These primarily include photographs of his inventions, specifically the gyrocompass, the gyroscope, searchlights, and various types indicators and other instruments, as well as photographs of diagarams, graphs and other images related to the equipment in use. There are also photographs of Sperry Company offices, employees and of Sperry and his family members, primarily his sons Lawerence Sperry (1892-1923) and Elmer A. Sperry Jr. (1894-1968).

There are four albums. One of Elmer Sperry's trip to Japan in 1921, and three related to business: The Nassau Plant, the Ford Instrument Company and Conte Di Savoia.

The Lantern slides contain slides that Elmer A. Sperry used in presentations. One presentation was an MIT lecture on Lestern Garnder (1876-1956) who founded the Institute of the Aeronautical Sciences (IAS) and produced the journal "Aviation and Aeronautical Engineering" in 1916. Another presentation is about Blind Flying and the third is related to the Sperry Messenger an American single-seat biplane designed by Alfred V. Verville (1890-1970). There are glass plate negatives and small prints of the presentation on Blind Flying. The small prints were in a wooden latern slide box labeled "Elmer A. Sperry Jr." - the prints have been removed from the box, however, the box remains with the collection as Ephemera.

The Films series contains a small number of films related to family trips and there are a few films related to Sperry Company inventions.

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Series Descriptions and Inventory

I. Thomas Hughes photographs used in Elmer Sperry's biography
Box Folder
1 1 Elmer A. Sperry, Jr. at wheel, circa 1923; Frontispiece. 3 photographic prints, b&w, 8x10 in. 3 copies.
1 1 Frontispiece caption; Transparency and proof
1 1 Map of Courtlandville, NY, the Sperry property is in quadrant 96. From Combination Atlas Map of Cortland County, New York, Everts, Engsign, and Everts, 1876.; Fig. 1.1
1 1 Map of Cortland, from Combination Atlas Map of Cortland County, New York, Everts, Engsign, and Everts, 1876.; Fig. 1.2
1 1 Main Street, Cortland, New York, courtesy Courtland County Historical Society, 1865; Fig. 1.3
1 1 Helen Willett and Husband Charles; Fig 1.4, two portraits side by side
1 1 Helen Willett; Fig. 1.4 1 photographic print, b&w 8x10 in.
1 1 Early photograph of house believed to be Elmer Sperry's home in Cortland, New York (located on Main Street south of Tompkins), courtesy Courtland County Historical Society; Fig. 1.5, 2 photographic prints, b&w, 8x10 in.
1 1 Sunday school class, Cortland Baptist Church, Elmer Sperry is second from the right, circa 1874; Fig. 1.6
1 1 The State Normal School in Cortland, from Cortland Standard, Industrial Edition, 1895 December; Fig. 1.9
1 1 The Cortland Wagon Company, courtesy Courtland County Historical Society; Fig. 1.8
1 1 Pages on the convervation of energy from Elmer Sperry's Normal School notebook; Fig. 1.9, 2 photographic reproductions.
1 1 Dynamo Electric Machine (Patent No. 260,132). Below: front elevation. Top: plan view; Fig. 1.10
1 1 Mechanical governor for Dynamo Electric Machine (Patent No. 268,956), side elevation, plan view, and" vertical section; Fig. 1.11
1 1 Electromagnetic current regulator for Dynamo Electric Machine (Patent No. 268,956); Fig. 1.12
1 1 Electric Arc Lamp (Patent No. 304,966), general view and vertical section view; Fig. 1.13
1 2 Map of Chicago, Illinois (1885) showing area in which Sperry offices, shops and arc lights were located, courtesy Chicago Historical Society; Fig. 2.1
1 2 Sperry Electric Light, Motor, Car break Co.; Letterhead
1 2 Sperry Electric Light Station, Chicago (1889), from Electrical World, XIII, 1889; Fig. 2.2
1 2 Sperry arc lights, atop Chicago Board of Trade building, 1889; Fig. 2.3
1 2 Sperry Electric Light, Motor and Car Brake Co.; Letterhead
1 2 Page from the Electrical World on "The Sperry Electric Light System"; Fig. 2.4
1 2 The Sperry Double Arc Lamp; Fig. 2.5
1 2 The improved Sperry arc-lighting system. From Electrical Review, 1889 February 16; Fig. 2.6
1 2 Zula Goodman plays for the Schumann club, program; Fig. 2.7
1 2 Elmer Sperry, about the time of his wedding, age 27; Fig. 2.8
1 2 The Sperry Electric Mining Machine Company; letterhead
1 2 Sperry sketch for mining machine; Fig. 2.9
1 2 Electric Mining Machine (Patent No. 497,832). Below: crank release mechanism. Top: plan view; Fig. 2.10
1 2 Electric Mining Car (Patent No. 478,138), side view; Fig. 2.11
1 2 Electric Mining Car (Patent No. 478,138). Below: axle to traction wheel drive. Top: plan view; Fig. 2.12
1 3 Elmer A. Sperry, Consulting Electrical & Mechanical Engineer; Letterhead
1 3 Elmer A. Sperry's patent applications, graph, 1880-1909; Fig 3.1
1 3 Elmer A. Sperry, Consulting; Letterhead
1 3 Pages from Sperry notebooks; Fig 3.2
1 3 The Brush Electric Company, 1895; Letterhead
1 3 The Sperry streetcar at the Chicago World's Fair, 1893. Elmer Sperry, right, has his hand on the brake. With him were three pioneers in electrical engineering education: Louis Duncan of Johns Hopkins, Dugald C. Jackson of Wisconsin, and H.J . Ryan of Cornell; Fig 3.3
1 3 Broadside for the Chicago World's Fair, 1893 - Be Sure and See the Sperry Motor Car; Fig 3.4
1 3 Power Gearing for Vehicles (Patent No. 434,097); Fig 3.5
1 3 Electric Car Brake (Patent No. 360,060). Circuit 2-3 normally closed; circuit 3-16 closed when braking; Fig 3.6
1 3 Electric Controller (Patent No. 509,776); Fig 3.7
1 3 Patent drawings for Sperry electric brake; Fig 3.8
1 3 Sperry designs for his automobile, 2 drawings; Fig 3.9
1 3 Sperry electric automobile, illustrated in a supplement to the Electrical World and Engineer, 1899 July 22; Fig 3.10
1 3 Sperry Engineering Co .; Letterhead
1 3 Drawing from Sperry automobile patent (Patent No. 640,968); Fig 3.11
1 3 Two figures from Townsend and Sperry patent, Electrolytic Cell (Patent No. 1,097,826); Fig 3.12
1 3 The Sperry home in Cleveland, Ohio, on Case Avenue; Fig 3.13
1 3 Sperry home in Brooklyn after 1915, on Albermarle and Marlborough Roads; Fig 3.14
1 3 The Sperrys' first home in Brooklyn, on Marlborough Road; Fig 3.15
1 3 The Sperry family, about 1910. Standing: Lawrence, Elmer, Jr., Helen. Seated: Elmer Sperry, Edward,. Zula; Fig 3.16
1 4 Sperry testing the stabilizing effect of a small gyro, similar to Beach stabilizer of 1910, men in boat; Fig 4.1
1 4 A simple illustration of precession. If the platform is tilted, the gyro wheel will tilt according to the direction of its rotation and resist the movement of the platform. (From the· Scientific American), 1910 January 22; Fig 4.2
1 4 Patent drawing of Sperry's design for an automobile stabilizer (Patent No. 907,907); Fig 4.3
1 4 Detail of Sperry automobile stabilizer. "Steadying Device for Vehicles" (Patent No. 907,907); Fig 4.4
1 4 Precession of the gyroscope. (From G.P. Metedith, "Visual education in the Air Age," Aeronautics, XII), 1945 April; Fig 4.5
1 4 Pages from Sperry notebooks; Fig 4.6
1 4 From The Sperry Gyroscope Co., "The Sperry Ship Stabilizer" (undated typescript in Sperry Papers); Fig 4.7
1 4 Figure from Ship's Gyroscope patent (Patent No. 1,150,311); Fig 4.8
1 4 The active-type marine gyrostabilizer (Patent No.1,150,311); Fig 4.9
1 4 Controlling pendulum for active-type marine stabilizer (Patent No. 1,150,311); Fig 4.10
1 4 From The Sperry Gyroscope Co., "The Sperry Ship Stabilizer" (undated typescript in Sperry Papers); Fig 4.11
1 4 Sperry described a pendumlum control, drawing of gyrostabilizer; Fig 4.12
1 4 Test gyro mounted on a pendulum simulating a rolling ship; Fig 4.13
1 4 Sperry sketches of the ship stabilizer; Fig 4.14
1 4 Dressler made Sperry's experimental model of an active stabilizer and ship simulation. (Letterhead for Chas.E. Dressler & Bro.); Fig 4.15
1 4 Dressler urged experimenters to use his gyros, discover new scientific principles, and win a prize - the Nobel Prize; Fig 4.16
1 4 Comparative tests of active and passive ship stabilization. From E.A. Sperry, "The Gyroscope for Marine Purposes," Transactions of the Society of Naval Architects and Marine Engineers, XVIII, 1910; Fig 4.17
1 4 Captain David W. Taylor, USN, made these calculations in analyzing the Sperry marine stabilizer. From Appendix to a report from Taylor to Chief Constructor, Bureau Construction and Repair, 1910 July 15; Fig 4.18
1 4 The USS Worden, showing the deck mounting of the two gyros in housings astern of the lifeboats. From the Sperry Gyroscope Co., "The Sperry Ship Stabilizer" (undated typescript in Sperry Papers); Fig 4.19
1 4 Testing the ability of the active stabilizer to roll the USS Worden, which is tied to the pier. From The Sperry Gyroscope Co., "The Sperry Ship Stabilizer"; Fig 4.20
1 4 The stabilizer for the USS Horden undergoing shore tests at the Brooklyn Navy Yard, May 1912. From E.A. Sperry, "The Active Type of Stabilizing Gyro"; Fig 4.21
1 5 Leon Foucault's gyroscope by which he demonstrated the rotation of the earth, (with microscope); Fig 5.1
1 5 Demonstration gyro mounted to allow free movement about three axes, or three degrees of freedom. From Elmer Sperry, Jr., "The Gyro-Compass," The Sperryscope, IV, 1925; Fig 5.2
1 5 Elmer Sperry's first patent on a gyrocompass. On the first compass he built; he a.bandoned mercury suspension (shown here in Tank 18) and used the torsion wire. (Patent No. 1,242,065); Fig 5.3
Box Folder
8 1 Elmer Sperry's first patent on a gyrocompass. On the first compass he built; he a.bandoned mercury suspension (shown here in Tank 18) and used the torsion wire. (Patent No. 1,242,065)
Box Folder
1 5 Pages from Sperry notebooks; Fig 5.4
1 5 Sperry experimental gyrocompass, installed first on the Princess Anne, and subsequently on the USS Drayton and the USS Delaware; Fig 5.5
1 5 Sperry experimental compass of 1911; Fig 5.6
1 5 Sperry examining the repeated compass for his gyrocompass installation aboard the Princess Anne, 1911; Fig 5.7
1 5 If placed on the equator with its axle horizontal, a gyro with three degrees of freedom will demonstrate apparent rotation - its rigidity relative to space. From The Sperry Gyrocompass Company Ltd., The Sperry Gyro-Compass: Elementary Theory and Complete Description of System, 1917; Fig 5.8
1 5 First sheet of Sperry basic gyrocompass patent; Fig 5.9
Box Folder
8 1 First sheet of Sperry basic gyrocompass patent
Box Folder
1 5 Gyro with one degree of freedom restrained (the pendulous effect). From The Sperry Gyroscope Company Ltd., The Sperry Gyro-Compass), 1917; Fig 5.10
1 5 The phantom from which the sensitive element is suspended and on which the weight. From The Sperry Gyroscope Company Ltd., The Sperry Gyro-Compass, 1917; Fig 5.11
1 5 Wiring diagram for the servomotor . . . of the Sperry gyrocompass. From "Gyroscopic Navigation Apparatus" (Patent No. 1,255,480); Fig 5.12
1 5 Patent diagram of an analogue computer providing course, speed, and latitude correction for Sperry gyrocompass; Fig 5.13
1 5 Detail of upper portion of Sperry gyrocompass. From Gyroscopic Navigation Apparatus (Patent No. 1,255,480); Fig 5.14
1 5 Sketch in a letter from H.L. Tanner to EAS, explaining efforts to correct the compass rolling error, 1914 June 5; Fig 5.15
1 6 Sperry notations of the characteristics he considered essential for the gyroscope company he envisaged in 1909; Fig 6.1
1 6 Sperry lists his inventive ideas as assets as he plans for the formation of a gyroscope company. From Sperry Notebook No. 50, 1909; Fig 6.2
1 6 The Sperry Gyroscope Company; Letterhead
1 6 Sperry sketches, small diagrams plus equations.; Fig 6.3
1 6 Sperry sketches; Fig 6.4
1 6 Pages from Sperry notebook; Fig 6.5-Fig 6.8
1 7 Elmer Sperry, from Flying, 1914 August; Fig 7.1
1 7 Gyro applied to Beach monoplane for automatic stability, from a brochure of the Scientific Aeroplane Company drawing; Fig 7.2
1 7 Gyro for Beach monoplane, mounted on a sawhorse. From a brochure of the Scientific Aeroplane Company; Fig 7.3
1 7 Handbill for early Lawrence Sperry venture; Fig 7.4
1 7 Arrangement of the Sperry stabilizer. Diagram, from the Scientific American, CVIII, 1913; Fig 7.5
1 7 The Sperry Airplane Stabilizer (Patent No. 1,368,226); Fig 7.6
1 7 The Sperry Airplane Stabilizer (Patent No. 1,368,226); Fig 7.7
1 7 Lawrence Sperry learning to fly at the Curtiss School; Fig 7.8
1 7 The Curtiss flying boat. The Sperry stabilizer of 1914 was installed on a similar aircraft. Diagram, from the Scientific American, CVII, 1912; Fig 7.9
1 7 From Flying, Sperry apparatus before, 1914 August; Fig 7.10
1 7 Sperry airplane stabilizer, 1914; Fig 7.11
1 7 Two pairs of gyros used to create a stable platform. From Sperry patent, Gyroscopic Apparatus (Patent No. 1,186,856); Fig 7.12
1 7 Control for airplane gyrostabilizer without follow-up (From Sperry Gyroscope Company, Inc., Automatic Flight Control); Fig 7.13
1 7 Control for airplane stabilizer with follow-up. Diagrams from Sperry Gyroscope Company, Inc., Automatic Flight Control; Fig 7.14
1 7 The mechanic walks out on the wing as the stabilizer takes control; Fig 7.15
1 7 Father and son at Bezons; Fig 7.16
1 7 Lawrence and mechanic at Bezons; Fig 7.17
1 7 Observers gather around the triumphant Lawrence. Zula Sperry sits in the background; Fig 7.18
1 7 From the New York Times, "Sperrys have ... ", 1914 June 20; Fig 7.19
1 8 Elmer Sperry patent applications, graph, 1910-1930; Fig 8.1
1 8 Elmer Sperry is shown with Edward Sperry, left; M.L. Patterson, searchlight engineer; and Elmer, Jr., extreme right; Fig 8.2
1 8 Preston Bassett, left, and Reginald Gillmor, center, became presidents of the Sperry Gyroscope Company. Robert Lea, right, became a vice president; Fig 8.3
1 8 The engineering department of the Sperry Gyroscope Company during World War I; Fig 8.4
1 8 Pages from Sperry notebooks; Fig 8.5
1 8 Sperry drawings showing the arc of a searchlight operating improperly and, in drawing 6, properly (Patent No. 1,227,210); Fig 8.6
1 8 Circuit diagram for the Sperry searchlight. The differential thermostat functioned as a sensor to position the arcs properly. (From Electrical World, LXVIII), 1916; Fig 8.7
1 8 The Sperry open-type searchlight; Fig 8.8
1 8 Wiring diagram of feeding mechanism for searchlight carbons (Patent No. 1,362,575); Fig 8.9
1 8 The gyrostabilizer can be seen, low and amidships, being slid into the hold of the USS Henderson at the Philadelphia Navy yard; Fig 8.10
1 8 The Sperry fire control system for battleships. From the Sperry Gyroscope Company, The Sperry Fire Control System, Bulletin 301, 1916; Fig 8.11
1 8 Gyroscopic direction indicator' (Patent No. 1,522,924); Fig 8.12
1 8 Face of gyroscopic turn indicator; Fig 8.13
1 8 The Sperry Gyroscope Company, 1911; Letterhead
1 8 Elmer Sperry located his building near the port of New York where ship captains could easily visit his factory to see the gyrocompass. Map, from The Sperryscope, III, 1922; Fig 8.14
1 8 The Sperry building in Brooklyn, N.Y., not far from the Navy Yard; Fig 8.15
1 8 Sperry shown bareheaded at the dedication of his building, 1916 December 8; Fig 8.16
1 8 Tribute from the Sperry employees, "To Elmer ..."; Fig 8.17
1 9 First Meeting of Naval Consulting Board, 1915 October 6; Fig 9.1
Box Folder
8 2 First Meeting of Naval Consulting Board
Box Folder
1 9 Naval Consulting Board, 1917; Letterhead
1 9 From the Cortland Standard, "Elmer A. Sperry, A Cortland Boy ... ", 1917 May 10; Fig 9.2
1 9 Sperry gyrostabilizer and other instruments installed on a Curtiss flying boat, at the Brooklyn Navy yard, 1915 February; Fig 9.3
1 9 Lawrence Sperry testing the aerial stabilizer on the East River near the Brooklyn Navy Yard; Fig 9.4
1 9 Diagrammatic view of the aerial torpedo controls. From Lawrence Burst Sperry patent, Aerial Torpedo (Patent No. 1,418,605); Fig 9.5
1 9 The flying bomb of 1917-1918, which had Sperry controls on a Curtiss specially designed airplane; Fig 9.6
1 9 Aerial torpedo mounted on a launching track. From Lawrence Burst Sperry patent, Aerial Torpedo (Patent No. 1,418,605); Fig 9.7
1 9 The aerial torpedo, or flying bomb, was tested on the ice at Great South Bay, Long Island, during the winter of 1917-1918. Lawrence Sperry is probably at the controls; Fig 9.8, 4 photographic prints
1 10 From the Sperryscope, II, "Naval vessels of the world equipped with Sperry gyrocompasses", 1920; Fig 10.1
1 10 Sperry searchlight beacons were needed for flying the mail across country. The map shows the locations of five beacons and the area in which each beacon would be visible to a pilot flying at 5,000 feet. From the Sperryscope, IV, 1923; Fig 10.2
1 10 Page from Sperry Notebook, No. 54, on which Sperry sketched his roller and cam, 1912 February 15-1912 December 1; Fig 10.3
1 10 Sperry's sketch of his anticipator, or anti-yaw mechanism, for his marine gyropilot. From notebook No. 55, 1912 December 1-1914 January 15; Fig 10.4
1 10 Drawing of the anticipator from the Sperry marine gyropilot. From Navigational Apparatus (Patent No. 1,360,694); Fig 10.5
1 10 Sheet from Sperry marinegyropilot patent (Patent No. 1,360,694); Fig 10.6
1 10 Diagrammatic representation of the operation of track-elevation recording device under various conditions (Patent No. 1,843,959); Fig 10.7
1 10 Opening page from one of the notebooks Sperry carried, with him throughout his life; Fig 10.8
1 10 Sperry sketches, 2 drawings; Fig 10.9
1 10 Sperry always carried a circular slide rule (of his own design) and a pocket rule, both shown here. Also shown is a pair of Sperry' s eyeglasses; Fig 10.10, 3 photographic prints
1 10 Schematic of Albert A. Michelson' s equipment for measuring the speed of light. The Sperry company built the revolving mirror as well as the high-intensity searchlight. From the Sperryscope, V, 1929; Fig 10.11
1 10 Luncheon party for Elmer and Zula Sperry at Baron Iwasaki's villa in 1922. From the Sperryscope, III, group portrait., 1923; Fig 10.12
1 10 Meeting at the Franklin Institute in Philadelphia of Elihu Thomson, Frank J. Sprague, Charles Brush, Sperry" and E. W. Rice (left to right), to commemorate Charles Brush's introduction of his arc-light generator a half-century earlier; Fig 10.13
1 10 A historic meeting of pioneers: Orville Wright, Amelia Earhart, Vilhjalmar Stafensson (the Arctic explorer), and Elmer A. Sperry, 1929; Fig 10.14
1 10 Leading engineering societies of America awarded Sperry the John Fritz medal, 1926; Fig 10.15
1 10 Sperry in 1922 with Herbert Hoover, then Secretary of Commerce, and Charles Schwab, head of the Bethlehem Steel Co. From Sperry Memorial Book Committee, Dr. Sperry as We Knew Him (Yokohama: Nichi-Bei Press, 1931); Fig 10.16
1 10 The Sperry house in Bellport, Long Island; Fig 10.17
1 10 Sperry's golf-bag support, Supporting Neans for Golf Bag (Patent No. 1,686,774); Fig 10.18
1 10 Elmer and Zula Sperry embark for Europe aboard the Majestic; Fig 10.19
1 10 The last meeting of Elmer Sperry and Lawrence and his wife. Lawrence and his airplane, shown aboard the Mauretania, crashed in the channel in December; Fig 10.20
1 11 People, individuals, groups, Sperry employees and Sperry Offices; Includes: Elmer Sperry portraits and candids, Secretary Daniels and his Civilian Advisory Board, plant interiors, Dr. Leonard Olsen, Dr. Robert Shankland, Lt. Stevens, Hannibal Ford, Mortimer Bates, O.B. Whitaker, Charles Doran, Tom Morgan, Mr. Goodman and others.
1 12 Sperry employees and equipment, circa 1893; 4 photographic prints
1 13 Electric automobile; 33 images
1 14 Mining machine; 32 images
Box Folder
2 1 Airplane gyro stabilizers; 29 photographic prints, b&w, 8x10 in.
2 2 Arc lights; 6 photographic prints, b&w, various sizes
2 3 Stabilizers - ships; 33 photographic prints, b&w, 8x10 in.
2 4 Torpedoes and guided missiles; 14 photographic prints, b&w, 8x10 in.
2 5 Searchlights; 4 photographic prints, b&w, 8x10 in.
2 6 Bombsights; 4 photographic prints, b&w, 8x10 in.
2 7 Compound diesel engine; 10 photographic prints, b&w, 8x10 in.
2 8 Miscellaneous; 34 photographic prints, b&w, various sizes. Includes images of Elmer Sperry's personal effects, metals, plaques, foundry's, exhibits and the Navel Research Laboratory
2 9 Streetcar; 23 photographic prints, b&w, various sizes.
2 10 Copy photographs
Box Folder
OS 1 1 Lecture announcement, Sperry speaking at University of Paris, 1926
II. Elmer A. Sperry photographs
Box Folder
2 11 Arc Light (search lights); 22 items
2 12 Arc Light (search lights); 44 items
2 13 Autographs (mostly non-photographic); 15 items
Box Folder
8 3 Automobiles, circa 1840; 7 items
Box Folder
2 14 Auto Pilot ("early aero stabilizers"); 101 items. includes photos and blueprints, etc.
Box Folder
OS 1 2 Auto Pilot equpiment, blueprints
Box Folder
3 1 Awards; 49 items. Includes photos and documents.
3 2 Banking indicator, pamphlet
3 3 Bomb Sight; 69 items.
3 4 Calculator, pocket; 1 items.
3 5 Caustic Soda (The Development and Funding Company, Niagara Falls, NY); 22 items.
3 6 Chamberlin, Clarence; 3 items. Includes autographed photograph and 2 of plane.
3 7 Clinometers; 58 items.
3 8 Compass, Gyro; 58 items.
3 9 Curtiss, Glenn; 54 items.
3 10 Demonstrations of gyroscopes; 19 items.
Box Folder
4 1 Demonstrating, model gyroscope; 17 items. Includes operating instructions and diagrams
4 2 Depth Charge; 45 items.
4 3 Detinning (Goldschmidt Detinning Company, Carteret, NJ); 1 item.
4 4 Drift Indicator; 3 items
4 5 Exhibits; 7 items
4 6 Fire Control; 32 items
4 7 Ford Instrument Co. offices, drafting room and factory floor; 20 items
4 8 Fluid Drive; 2 items
4 9 Generator; 7 items
4 10 Helicopters; 8 items
4 11 Instruments, Flight; 84 items
4 12 Instruments, Marine; 12 items
4 13 Liverpool Harbor Radar Opening; 9 items
4 14 Michelson, A.S.; 2 items
4 15 Miscellaneous, instruments; 23 items
4 16 Mining; 13 items
4 17 Nassau at War, booklet; 1 items
4 18 Nassau plant, 1943; 18 items
4 19 Naval aircraft; 8 items
4 20 Notebooks; 2 items
4 21 Propeller; 2 items
Box Folder
5 1 Rail Detector; 74 items
5 2 Remote Control; 17 items
5 3 Sholes, Lillian; 1 items
5 4 Sperry ancestors; 3 items
5 5 Sperry Building; 32 items
5 6-7 Sperry, Elmer A., Sr.; 65 items
5 8 Sperry, Elmer A. Sr., presentation on Blind Flying; 54 items, includes contact prings of maps, diagrams, close-ups of dashboards showing Sperry instruments, indicators, airplanes.
5 9-10 Sperry, Elmer A. Sr., MIT Lecture slides on Lester Gardner; Includes snapshots, negative prints and negatives.
Box Folder
6 1-2 Sperry, Elmer Jr.; 55 items.
6 3 Sperry, Elmer III; 17 items.
6 4 Sperry, Lawrence; 63 items.
6 5 Sperry, Lawrence - World War I; 4 items.
6 6 Sperry Mfg. Co.; 1 item.
6 7 Sperry owned picture inventory
6 8 Stabilizers, airplanes; 24 items
6 9 Stabilizer, ships; 22 items
6 10 Submarine Net; 6 items
6 11 Torpedo Director; 1 item
6 12 Torpedo, Electric; 11 items
6 13 Transmission, Auto Electric; 33 items
6 14 Trolley; 20 items
Box Folder
7 1 Turn Indicator; 3 items
7 2 Turret, Aircraft; 8 items
7 3 Velocimeter, model no. 10; 6 items
7 4 Well Survey Gyro; 4 items
7 5 White Lead; 3 items
III. Albums
Box Folder
7 6 Elmer Sperry, Jr. - trip to Japan, 1921 June
Box
OS 1 The Nassau Plant, Sperry Gyroscope Company
Box
OS 2 Ford Instrument Company, Inc., New York, 1922; 41 photographic prints, b&w, 8 x 10 in. Includes the office and factory, and executive, engineering and manufacturing staff.
OS 2 Conte Di Savoia, Sperry Gyroscope
IV. Lantern slides
Box
10 Sperry, Elmer A. Sr., MIT Lecture slides on Lester Gardner, 1963 May 1
Box
10-12 Sperry, Elmer A. Sr., presentation on Blind Flying
Box
LS 1 Prize planes
LS 1 Lawrence Sperry
LS 1 Messenger
LS 1 First plane
LS 1 Auto pilot
Box
LS 2 Elmer Sperry
LS 2 De Ferranti
LS 2 Magnetic clutch
LS 2 Japan
LS 2 Magnetic Compasses
LS 2 Marmonier
LS 2 Automobile
Box
LS 3 Ground support
LS 3 Plotter
LS 3 Wright
LS 3 Air craft blind flying
LS 3 Schematics
LS 3 Panels
LS 3 Charts and graphs
LS 3 Active early instruments
Box
LS 4 Marine gyro stabilizer
LS 4 Michelson
Box
LS 5 Search light
LS 5 Railroad
LS 5 Unidentified
Box
LS 6 Diesel
Box
LS 7 Gyro compass, ships stearing
LS 7 Michelson
Box
LS 8 Marine gyro compasses
V. Glass plate negatives
Box
11 Sperry, Elmer A. Sr., presentation on Blind Flying
11 Sperry - Messinger
Box
9 8x10 glass plate negatives
VI. Films
A. Family trips
Box
13 Norma, Helen, Bob, Cid, Elmer, Hully, Skipp, 1926 Winter
13 Greece, 1927
13 Nile Valley, 1927
13 Pyramids, Nile, 1927
13 Riveria, 1927
13 Rodeo, 1928
13 Rodeo, 1928
13 Last of trip, 1928
13 Bellport, 1928
13 Western trip, 1928
Unidentified
B. Sperry Company
Box
13 Auto pilot, 1930
13 Artificial horizon, 1930
13 Diesel engine, 1928
13 Unidentified
VII. Ephemera
Shelf
BB3-7 Elmer Sperry, Jr.'s wooden lantern slide box; Contained small prints of latern slides used in presentation on Blind Flying, these prints have been removed and are in Box 5 Folder 8.