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Philip D. Reed papers
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Philip D. Reed papers

Accession 1984

Manuscripts and Archives Department, Hagley Museum and Library

PO Box 3630
Wilmington, Delaware, 19807

Finding aid prepared by Cheryl Miller, 1991

This finding aid was produced using the Archivists' Toolkit 2013-06-20T11:31-0400

Finding aid prepared using best local practices and Describing Archives: A Content Standard

Cite items for this collection in the following format:
[Description and dates], Box/folder number, Philip D. Reed papers (Accession 1984), Hagley Museum and Library, Wilmington, DE 19807


Descriptive Summary

Title: Philip D. Reed papers
Dates: 1927-1989
Accession Number: 1984
Creator: Reed, Philip D. (Philip Dunham), 1899-1989
Extent: 46 linear feet
Language of Material: English
Repository: Hagley Museum and Library: Manuscripts and Archives Department
Abstract: Philip Dunham Reed went to work in the law department of the General Electric Company in 1927 and was appointed assistant to president Gerard Swope ten years later. In 1939 he became chairman of the board, a position he held for eighteen years until his retirement. His papers cover Reed's private and governmental activities, not his official duties as chairman of General Electric.

Administrative Information


Gift of Philip Reed, Jr. and Kathryn Reed Smith

Access Restrictions

Some records under a 25-year time seal


Biographical Note

Philip Dunham Reed was born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin on November 16, 1899. He received an under-graduate degree in Electrical Engineering at the University of Wisconsin in 1921, and an LL. B. at Fordham University Law School in 1924. He worked briefly as a patent attorney, 1921 to 1922, for Pennie, Davis, Marvin and Edwards in New York City, while attending evening law school at Fordham University. He was admitted to the New York State Bar Association in 1925.

After graduation from law school, Reed began work at Van Heusen Company as a patent counselor. He prepared their collar patent case for attorney Charles Neaves.

Reed's career at General Electric began in the New York law department in 1927. In 1928 Reed was transferred to the incandescent lamp division, becoming general counsel for that department beginning in 1934. Reed was appointed assistant to president Gerard Swope on the day after his thirty-eighth birthday, November 16, 1937, and became chairman of the board in 1939 at age 40. He held that position 18 years, from 1940 to 1942, and after World War II, from 1945 to 1959. Reed also held chairmanship of International General Electric from 1945 until its merger with the parent company in 1952. From 1958 until his retirement in 1959 he served as chairman of the Finance Committee and of the General Electric Pension Trust. During Reed's tenure as chairman, General Electric sales grew from $396 million in 1939 to $4.3 billion in 1957; company jobs during that period increased from 79,000 to more than a quarter million. During that time, General Electric invested over a billion dollars in facilities expansion. Reed was primarily concerned with customer and government relations and became a spokesman for the future of the electrical industry.

Reed's expertise in law and business led to a “dollar-a-year” appointment during World War II as Senior Consultant to the Director of Priorities, Office of Production Management in January 1942. He then served as Deputy Director, Materials Division of the War Production Board, from July to December, 1942. Other General Electric executives employed during this period of economic conversion were Charles E. Wilson, President, who became Production Vice Chairman of the War Production Board beginning in 1942, and Owen D. Young, retired Chairman of the Board. Reed was re-assigned to assist Averell Harriman as the Deputy Chief of the U.S. Mission for Economic Affairs in London in 1943, becoming chief of that mission with the rank of minister in October 1943, serving until January 1945.

After leaving the U. S. Mission for Economic Affairs, Reed served as legal consultant to the U.S. delegation to the 1945 United Nations Conference on International Organization in San Francisco; this led to Reed's long affiliation with the International Chamber of Commerce (ICC). He was a member of the ICC from 1945-1975; he served as president from 1949 to 1951. Reed headed the U.S. Mission on Anglo-American Council of Productivity, a Marshall Plan agency, established in 1948. Reed was vice chairman of the Business Advisory Council of the Department of Commerce (became the Business Council in 1961) from 1951 to 1952. He was also active in the Committee for Economic Development where he served as a trustee and a member of the Research & Policy Committee from 1946 to 1975.

Reed served as a director of the Council on Foreign Relations from 1946 to 1969; he also served as a member of the Advisory Commission on Information, the U.S. Information Agency, from 1948 to 1961.

Reed joined fourteen other businessmen in helping to persuade General Dwight D. Eisenhower to run for president in 1952. During Eisenhower's presidency, Reed acted as an informal advisor and envoy. The two men maintained a political and social relationship until Eisenhower's death.

Upon his retirement from GE in 1959, Reed became a director of the Federal Reserve Bank of New York. He served from 1959 to 1965, and was Chairman of the Board from 1960 to 1965. During these years, Reed also served on the Board of Directors of American Express; Bankers Trust Company; Bigelow-Sanford, Inc.; Cowles Communication; Kraftco Corporation; Otis; Metropolitan Life Insurance; Scott Paper; Tiffany & Co.; and U. S. Financial, Inc.

Reed was active in a wide variety of educational and cultural institutions. He was a director of the Metropolitan Opera Association from 1945 to 1953, the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, the Ford Foundation Fund for the Advancement of Education from 1951 to 1953, and in 1960 was a member of the Committee on the University and World Affairs. He served as chairman of the Executive Committee of the International Executive Service Corps from 1966 to 1974. Reed worked with the International Executive Service Corps for over twenty years. The organization was similar to the Peace Corps in its mission to bring U.S. expertise to developing countries, but it targeted retired business and industry executives for these positions.

Reed acted as an Eisenhower Exchange Fellowships trustee from 1953 to 1975, serving as Vice Chairman from 1955 to 1975, and Chairman of the Finance Committee from 1956 to 1958. Reed also served as a Trustee of the Samuel H. Kress Foundation from 1960 to 1965, and as a Trustee of the Winston Churchill Foundation of the United States from 1970 to 1975.

Reed and his wife, Mabel, lived in Rye, New York, and Antigua, West Indies. Reed kept an office in New York City until his death on March 10, 1989.


Scope and Content

The papers cover Reed's private and governmental activities, not his official duties as chairman of General Electric.

The papers document Reed's work with the War Production Board and the Mission for Economic Affairs during the Second World War. Correspondence documents Reed's work as senior counsultant to the Director of Priorities. There is also documentation on the 1942-43 congressional investigation which focused on conflict of interest among the "dollar-a-year men." Reed's correspondence as chief of the Mission for Economic Affairs describes the American effort to redefine its economic and political relationship with Great Britain during World War II as it sought to open European markets to American trade and investment. Reed's correspondence with his wife, Mabel, provides vivid description of life in wartime London.

Papers and correspondence document Reed's role as director and member of the board of trustees of the Committee for Economic Development, International Chamber of Commerce, Council on Foreign Relations, and the Business Advisory Council. The files describe the evolving relationship between business and the state during the post-war period and the impact that these public policy organizations had on economic and foreign policy.

Reed's friendship and political relationship with Dwight David Eisenhower is also documented, as is the role that he played in persuading Eisenhower to run for President in 1952.

There also are papers and correspondence documenting Reed's service on the Board of Directors of the Federal Reserve Bank of New York, Tiffany's, Inc., the National Dairy Board, Kraftco, U.S. Financial, Inc., and National Educational Television.


Separated Material

Philip D. Reed photographs (Accession ), Audiovisual Collections and Digital Initiatives Department, Hagley Museum and Library


Access Points

Acheson, Dean, 1893-1971.
American Express Company.
Augusta National Golf Club.
Bankers Trust Company (New York, N.Y.)
Business Advisory Council for the Dept. of Commerce (U.S.).
Business Council (U.S.).
Business and politics.
Business enterprises--History.
Case, Everett Needham, 1901-.
Clay, Lucius D. (Lucius DuBignon), 1897-1978.
Committee for Economic Development.
Council on Foreign Relations.
Cowles, John, 1898-1983.
Educational television stations.
Eisenhower, Dwight D. (Dwight David), 1890-1969.
Eurofund, Inc.
Federal Reserve Bank of New York.
Federal Reserve banks.
General Electric Company.
Guthrie, Robert R., 1890-1968.
Harriman, W. Averell, (William Averell), 1891-1986.
Hoffman, Paul G. (Paul Gray), 1891-1974.
Industry and state.
International Chamber of Commerce.
International Executive Service Corps.
International Telephone and Telegraph Corporation.
Kraftco Corporation.
MacLeish, Archibald, 1892-1982.
National Dairy Association.
National Foreign Trade Council.
Nelson, Donald Marr, 1888-1959.
Nielsen, A. C. (Arthur Charles), 1897-1980.
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development.
Radio Free Europe.
Reed, Philip D. (Philip Dunham), 1899-1989.
Stettinius, Edward R. (Edward Reilly), 1900-1949.
Swope, Gerard, 1872-1957.
Truman, Harry S., 1884-1972.
U.S. Financial, Inc.
United Nations.
United States Information Agency.
United States--Economic policy--1933-1945.
United States--Economic policy--1945-1960.
United States--Politics and government--1933-1953.
United States--Politics and government--1953-1961.
United States. Advisory Commission on Information.
United States. Mission for Economic Affairs in London.
United States. War Production Board.
World War, 1939-1945--Economic aspects.
World War, 1939-1945.
Young, Owen D., 1874-1962.

Series Descriptions and Inventory

I. World War II Appointments
Scope and Content
Reed's papers from the War Production Board pertain in large part to the 1941-1942 Congressional investigation into the “dollar-a-year” program. There are statements by Reed, WPB director Donald Nelson, and Robert Guthrie, head of the Textile Division whose public criticism of the “dollar-a-year” men prompted an investigation. Included are the working papers that Reed used to prepare for his testimony, a record of the proceedings, newsclippings, and copies of the statements and Congressional committee reports, as well as related correspondence between Reed and his attorney Henry H. (Joe) Fowler.
Mission for Economic Affairs (MEA) papers include correspondence with British members of Parliament and United States business leaders relating to Anglo-American trade policy. Also included are MEA policy manuals and correspondence relating to General Electric's economic relations with the Soviet Union. Reed's letters to his wife (in Series Five) describe the operation of the Mission to Economic Affairs and provide a vivid description of life in wartime London.
Following his resignation as head of the MEA, Reed continued in public service, acting as consultant to the U. S. Delegation, San Francisco Conference on World Organization in 1945. Reed's statements before Congressional committees, and correspondence with Edward Stettinius, Averell Harriman, and Dean Acheson, among others--all contained in Series One--reflect Reed's position on post-war U.S. economic commitments to the European countries, as well as the Soviet Union and Eastern Block countries.
Historical Note
Reed was investigated by Senate (Truman) and House (Faddis) committees following the resignation of Robert R. Guthrie. Donald Nelson, War Production Board (WPB) head, supported Reed both in testimony and privately, as did other WPB members, industry leaders, members of Congress and private citizens. An in-house WPB investigation was conducted by legal counsel John Lord O'Brian.
A. War Production Board, 1941-1943
1. Congressional Investigation - National Defense Program (Box 1)
2. Truman Committee (Senate)
1 Reed working papers, 1942 March-April
1 Reed testimony re Materials Division, 1941 December 12
1 Guthrie testimony, 1942 April 14
1 Reed and Nelson statement, 1942 April 15
1 Knowlson statement, 1942 April 15
1 Nelson press release, 1942 June 19
1 Guthrie post-hearing statement, 1942 April 25
1 Congressional Record, 1942 June 18
1 Report, S. Res. 71, 1942 June 18
1 Comment on report, 1942 June 23
1 Nelson letter, 1942 June 16
3. Faddis Committee (House)
1 Reed working papers, 1942 March-April
1 Thomas Evans (Co.) papers and statement, 1942 April
1 Reed statement, 1942 March
1 Guthrie statement, 1942 March
1 Witnesses' testimony, 1942 March 20-24
1 Report, H. Res. 162, 1942 June 16
4. Fowler, Henry H., “Joe” papers
1 Verbatim Records of Proceedings, 1942 April 14-15
1 Miscellaneous correspondence, 1942-1943
1 News clippings, Reed to Fowler, 1942-1943
1 News clippings, Misc. - Fowler to Reed, 1943
5. Miscellaneous
1 Newspaper clippings, 1941-1942
1 Correspondence to Reed re investigation, 1942
6. Mission for Economic Affairs
1 Policy manuals for the MEA
1 Correspondence from British MPs, U.S. military and civilian personnel, and MEA colleagues, 1942-1944
1 Speech: America in post-war international affairs, sent to Secretary of Commerce Robert Hinckley, 1943 August 9
1 Report: International GE obligations to Russian business, 1947 October 1
7. Memo from Philip Reed to Harry Hopkins re. stock position of imported materials in the United Kingdom, 1945 January 6
1 Correspondence re status of unfilled Int'l GE orders to USSR, 1947 October 2
1 Notes of phone call with Averell Harriman, 1947 October 23
1 Memo of phone call with C. Tyler Wood, Deputy to Assistant Secretary of State for Economic Affairs, 1947 October 3
1 Memo of conference with Averell Harriman, 1947 November 1
8. United Nations Organization - U.S. Associates, International Chamber of Commerce
1 Correspondence with Dean Acheson and Edward Stettinius re relationship between UN and the International Chamber of Commerce, 1945 December
B. Statements before Congressional Committees
1 House Foreign Relations Committee, H.R. 4386, Post-War Congressional Statements and Testimony, 1945 October 17
1 Senate Banking and Currency Committee, Joint Resolution 138, Loan to Britain, 1946 March 13
1 House Committee on State Department Appropriations, State Department Office of International Information & Cultural Affairs, 1947 April 4
1 House Ways and Means Committee, Reciprocal Trade Agreement, 1947 April 23
1 Senate Foreign Relations Sub-committee, State Department Office of International Information & Cultural Affairs, 1947 July 2
1 House Committee on Foreign Affairs, European Recovery Program, 1948 January 27
1 Joint Committee on Economic Report, Subcommittee on Investment, 1949 December 14
1 Senate Foreign Relations Committee, European Recovery/Marshall Plan, early 1948
1 House Ways and Means Committee, H.R. 1, Reciprocal Trade Agreement Act, 1955 January 26
1 House Ways and Means Committee, National Security Amendment (speech file #129), 1957 December 9
1 House Ways and Means Committee, Reciprocal Trade Agreement extension (speech file #131), 1958 March 20
1 Senate Committee investigation of the National Defense program. Verbotin records of proceedings, 1942 April 14-15
1 Clippings re. War Production Board Controversy, “Dollar-a-Year” Men, 1942
II. Board of Directors' Files
Scope and Content
This series contains directors' and executive committee minutes, correspondence, annual reports, and legal documents from the company boards on which Reed served. Records from American Express, Bankers' Trust, and Otis Elevator provide a good deal of information on corporate reorganizations, stock trans-actions, long-term strategic planning, and legal problems which affected board members.
Historical Note
U.S. Financial, Inc. was a California development corporation on whose board Philip D. Reed served. It was the subject of a 1971-1972 SEC investigation in which Federal regulators charged that the company conspired with the accounting firm of Touche & Ross to inflate its earnings.
Box Folder
2 1-2 A. C. Nielsen Co., 1953-1978 [stockholder correspondence, report on 1958 corporate reorganization plan; “Summary of Recent Trends in the United Kingdom,” 1958]
2 3-4 American Express, 1958-1969 [lists of directors and officers, minutes of salary committee, review of top management compensation (1964), reports of overseas banking operations, reports of Directors' Examining Committee.]
3 American Express, 1970-1978
Box Folder
4 1-14 Bankers Trust Company, 1962-1979 [minutes of Board of Directors' meetings, reports of the Trust Committee, 1970.]
4 15-23 Bigelow-Sanford, Inc., 1958-1969 [minutes of Board of Directors' meetings, financial statements and auditors' reports, correspondence with Lowell Weicker, company president.]
Box Folder
5 1-4 Bigelow-Sanford, Inc., 1970-1974
5 5-19 Cowles Communications, Inc., 1970-1976 [minutes of Board of Directors' meetings, report on FCC license renewal (1976), reports on operating revenue, report on “Relationship between the New York Times and Its Subsidiaries,” 1972.]
6 Cowles Communications, Inc., 1971-1984 [merger agreement, Cowles Communications and H & C Corporation, 1984.]
7 General Electric Corporation - Correspondence relating to retirement, 1959
7 General Electric Corporation - Correspondence - U. S. Power Group trip to USSR, 1958
7 General Electric Corporation - Correspondence - U. S. Power Group trip to USSR and the Far East, 1955
7 General Electric Corporation - Correspondence - Philip D. Reed trip to Inauguration of Mexican President Adolf Lopez Mateos, 1958
7 General Electric Corporation - Correspondence - “Far Eastern Trip” - International GE, International Chamber of Commerce, and USIA to Australia, Indonesia, Thailand, Manila, and Tokyo, 1955 April-May
7 General Electric Corporation Trips - Correspondence - "Special Mission for Economic Cooperation,” Vienna, London, Paris, Stockholm, 1953
7 General Electric Corporation Trips - Correspondence - “U.S. Electrical Power Group,” Trip to Russia, 1958 August 14-August 30
Box Folder
8 1-2 General Electric Correspondence, 1980-1982
8 3-16 Elfun Trusts, 1960-1970 [minutes of trustee meetings, investment reports, operating plans, summaries of operations.]
Box Folder
9 1-5 Elfun Trusts, 1970-1986
9 6 Hoving Corporation/721 Corporation, 1960-1963 [Board of Directors' minutes and related correspondence.]
9 7-16 Metropolitan Life Insurance Company, 1956-1987 [correspondence on 1958 investigation of the “Financial Condition of the United States and Recommendation for Sound Social Security Policies,” reports of the Audit Committee and financial statements, 1959 policy re conflict of interest.]
9 17-21 National Dairy Board, 1960-1964 [minutes of board of directors' meetings, related correspondence, employee stock option plans.]
Box Folder
10 1-6 National Dairy Board, 1964-1969
10 7-20 Kraft Company/Dart/Kraft, 1969-1981 [income statements, scattered minutes of board of directors.]
10 21-28 Otis Elevator Company, 1967-1972 [correspondence re election of officers, dividend statements, incentive compensation plan, bonus plan, Japanese subsidiary Toyo-Otis Elevator.]
11 Scott Paper, 1958-1966 [annual reports, correspondence, brief re 1959 anti-trust suit action.]
Box Folder
12 1-11 Tiffany & Co., 1974-1981 [minutes of board of directors' meetings, financial statements of Avon Products and subsidiaries.]
12 USA*1, 1961-1962 [stockholder lists, reports of subscriber reaction to direct-mail campaigns, 1972 report on “Summary of Terms of Financing,” scattered minutes of board of directors.]
13-14 U.S. Financial, Inc. - legal correspondence, discovery documents, directors' minutes, operating reports, and Philip D. Reed's deposition
III. Public Policy Organizations
Scope and Content
This series contains records relating to Reed's activities with the Business Advisory Council, International Chamber of Commerce, Committee for Economic Development, and the Council on Foreign Relations. Reed's correspondence concerning the Business Advisory Council, which became the Business Council in 1961, begins in 1955. In July 1958, Secretary of Commerce Sinclair Weeks requested the Business Advisory Committee for the Department of Commerce to set up a Business Advisory Subcommittee on World Economic Practices to act as an advisory council to the Department of Commerce. Reed served on both committees, and their policies and operations are documented in these files.
Reed was a delegate to the United Nations Conference in San Francisco. Correspondence includes letters to Paul G. Hoffman and Edward Stettinius concerning the U. S. delegation to the San Francisco conference. There is one folder on the conference and several relating to organizational and fund-raising matters. Several articles written by Reed on international political and economic issues are also contained in this series.
Reed's papers and correspondence document his work with the Committee for Economic Development and Council on Foreign Relations. They describe the role that these two organizations played in shaping the post-war relationship between business and the state, and the impact that this had on economic and foreign policy. Because of Reed's early involvement with the International Chamber of Commerce (ICC), his correspondence documents much of the history of that organization. The papers include correspondence, itineraries, schedules, programs, and personal notes. Many conference programs contain speeches by Reed, especially during his tenure as President of the ICC.
Beginning in the 1950s, Reed became an advisor to the U.S. Information Agency. His correspondence with Meyer Kestenbaum, chairman of the General Business Committee of the U.S. Advisory Commission on Information (USACI), concerns funding and the Committee's relationship with the State Department.
Reed joined the United States Advisory Committee (USAC) in 1948 and, through that organization, became a member of the USIA Executive Committee. He served in the USAC from 1948 to 1961. These files contain correspondence with USIA officers, as well as USIA reports to Congress, and, in a report to the Senate Appropriations Committee, a survey of U.S. information operations in Western Europe.
In December 1959, President Eisenhower directed Mansfield Sprague, then president of the American Machine and Foundry Company, to organize a commission to review the findings and recommendations of the Commission on International Information Activities. The Commission, on which Reed served, evaluated foreign information programs from 1948 to 1960, such as Radio Free Europe. The Commission terminated its activities in May 1960. Papers include news clips on the Commission and on its final report, correspondence from Lewis Douglas (with whom Reed served on the USACI) regarding Radio Free Europe, and reference to a USIA poll on international perceptions of the U.S. following the Sputnik launch. There is some correspondence regarding Reed's reaction to, and suggestions for, the final report.
Finally, this series contains correspondence documenting Reed's service on the bipartisan U.S. Committee on Information, established by President Harry Truman in 1948.
A. Business Advisory Council, Dept. of Commerce, 1955-1961
Scope and Content
Papers relating to the Business Advisory Council's Committee on World Economic Practices.
15 1 Statement by Walter White, Executive Director, “Concerning the Nature, Organization, and Functioning of the BAC”, 1955
15 1 1955 report of the Committee on World Economic Practices;
15 1 letter from President Dwight David Eisenhower endorsing the report;, 1959 January 23
15 1 Report of the BAC's Subcommittee on Psychological Factors, 1958 November 4
15 2 “A Report to the Secretary of Commerce on the Role of the Department of Commerce in Science and Technology”; speech by Reed on the European Common Market (National Academy of Sciences)
15 3-20 Bylaws, policy statements, memoranda addressed to all Council members, 1961-1983
15 Board of Directors' Minutes and Correspondence, 1961-1987
B. Committee on Economic Development, 1951-1986 (Box 16)
Scope and Content
Includes reports to the trustees, bylaws, minutes of board of directors and executive committee, policy statements. Also included is correspondence re tour of six Soviet economists (1959). Proposals on world trade, energy development, industry strategies, economic stabilization, foreign aid, and development assistance.
C. Council on Foreign Relations, 1953-1988 (Box 17)
Scope and Content
Includes minutes of meetings of board of directors, records relating to the finance and budget committee on which Philip D. Reed served.
D. Eurofund, 1959-1971 (Box 18)
Scope and Content
Includes minutes of meetings of board of directors, balance sheets, investment reviews, treasurer's reports.
E. Federal Reserve Bank of New York, 1953-1981 (Box 19)
Scope and Content
Includes policy statements, economic reports, correspondence with members of Congress, reports on international developments, monetary issues, minutes of conferences of Chairmen and Deputy Chairmen of Federal Reserve Banks (1960-1961).
F. United Nations, 1945 (Box 20)
Scope and Content
Correspondence relating to Philip D. Reed's service on the U.S. delegation to the United Nations Conference on International Organization, draft of Dumbarton Oaks Proposal, Philip D. Reed's remarks, June 23, 1945.
G. United States Associates to the International Chamber of Commerce, 1945-1949
Scope and Content
Includes executive committee minutes and reports, reports on post-war planning, international trade, fund raising, minutes of reorganization committee, January 1949.
20 2-22 United States Council of the ICC, 1949-1963 [Includes executive committee minutes, related correspondence.]
21-22 United States Council of the ICC, 1975-1989 [Includes executive committee minutes; correspondence with Harvey Williams, president; Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development Guidelines for multi-national companies; newsletters.]
H. International Chamber of Commerce, 1957-1975 (Box 23-23A)
Scope and Content
Includes general correspondence (1957-1961); minutes of executive committee meetings; biennial reports; ICC newsletters; Congressional proceedings including statements, conclusions, reports, presentations on international economic policy.
I. U.S. Council for International Business, 1980-1989 (Box 24)
Scope and Content
Includes minutes of the executive committee, newsletters, publications ( Enterprise and Development), statements on international economic and monetary policy.
J. Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, U.S. Management Advisory Committee, 1961 (Box 24)
Scope and Content
Includes executive committee meetings, overseas investment analyses, related correspondence.
K. International Executive Service Corps, 1964-1972
Scope and Content
Includes minutes of meetings of board of directors and executive committee, planning documents, newsletters, management reviews, program evaluation, related correspondence.
26 International Executive Service Corps, 1973-1978
27 International Executive Service Corps, 1978-1988
L. National Educational Television and Radio Network, 1961-1971 (Box 28)
Scope and Content
Includes minutes of meetings of board of directors, budgets, program development portfolios, newsletters.
M. Advisory Committee to the U.S. Information Agency, 1957-1965 (Box 29)
Scope and Content
Includes correspondence with Mansfield D. Sprague of The President's Committee on Information Activities Abroad; 1957 report, “USIA Meets the Test: A Study of Fast Output during the Hungarian and Suez Crises”; International Relations Department of the Chamber of Commerce: “How American Businessmen Abroad Rate U.S. Propaganda,” January 1959; papers re 1959 evaluation of the U.S. Information Services; 1960 report, “Evaluation of U.S. Information Service Operations in the United Kingdom.”
IV. General Correspondence
Scope and Content
This series includes letters from political and business associates. Of particular note is Reed's extensive correspondence with Eisenhower, beginning in 1951 and continuing with some regularity until Eisenhower's death in 1969. The correspondence reflects their personal friendship and important political association. (See Series Five, “Scrapbooks,” for more Eisenhower correspondence.) Reed wrote personal congratulations to all Eisenhower appointees, which are filed in this series with other political correspondence. Also included in this series are letters between Reed and Dean Acheson, Averell Harriman, Jacob Javits, and Archibald MacLeish.
There are also papers on several trips Reed made as General Electric CEO in Series Four. In 1958, he traveled to the Soviet Union with other electrical industry representatives, visiting plants during a two-week period. This file includes Reed's personal notes, as well as correspondence relating to the trip.
30 Acheson, Dean, 1965-1971
30 American Ditchley Foundation, 1957-1986
30 American Foundation for the University [College] of the West Indies, 1960-1963
30 American Management Association, Inc., 1962
30 American Partners, 1963
30 American Society for the French Legion of Honor, 1960-1988
30 ASEA Electric Co., Inc., 1963
30 Atlantic Council, 1960-1974
30 Bentley, A.M. (Rhodesian Minister), 1965
30 Bundy, McGeorge, 1966
30 Case, Everett, 1976-1982
30 Clay, Lucius, 1960-1962
30 Comfort, B. Hartley, 1977-1979
30 Committee on University of World Affairs, 1959-1962
30 Committee to Welcome British Industries Trade Exhibition, 1960
30 Cowles, Gardner, 1971-1975
30 Cowles, John, 1950-1980
31 Alpha Chapter of Sigma Phi Fraternity, 1965-1973
31 Apawamis, Rye, NY, 1965-1988
31 Augusta (GA) National Golf, 1962-1978
31 Blind Brook, Purchase, NY, 1972-1987
31 Bohemian, San Francisco, CA, 1966-1988
31 Clove Valley Rod & Gun, NY, 1974-1988
31 Links, New York City, 1958-1983
31 University Club, NYC, 1951-1986
31 University of Wisconsin Alumni, 1952-1980
31 Dart, Justin, 1964, 1978
31 Development & Resources Corp., 1977
31 Eisenhower, Dwight David (scrapbook), 1951-1964
31 Eisenhower College, 1961, 1975
31 Eisenhower Exchange Fellowships, 1953-1987
31 Enterprise Hotel Development Corp., 1961-1973
32 Forbes, Sir Archibald, 1962-1974
32 Fordham University, 1960
32 Fowler, Henry H. (Joe), 1958, 1966
32 Freedom House, 1966
32 Frissell, Toni, 1962
32 Gardner, John (Common Cause), 1971-1976
32 George C. Marshall Research Fdn., 1976-1983
32 Gould, John H. P., 1964-1974
32 Gruenther, Gen. Alfred M., 1958, 1965
32 Inauguration of Mexican President Mateos, 1950
32 Harriman, Averell, 1971, 1981
32 Harvard Business School, 1959, 1965
32 Heidenstam, Rolf Von, 1958
32 Heilperin, Michael, 1966
32 Hoffman, Paul G., 1962
32 Houghten, Amory, 1963-1977
32 Hoving, Walter, 1976
32 International Industrial Conference, San Francisco, 1961
32 Jessup & Lamont International Ltd., 1973-1975
32 Jones, Reginald, 1981, 1987
32 Jones, Robert T., Jr., 1961-1965
32 Kendall, Donald M., 1974, 1976
32 Koc, Vehbi, 1978-1982
32 Kress Foundation, 1962-1966
32 Lane, Thomas H., 1975-1976
32 Larmon, Sigurd, 1962-1971
32 Linen, John, 1960
32 Linowitz, Solomon, 1966
32 Lubbock, Maurice, 1955-1956
32 MacLeish, Archibald, 1965-1981
32 Martensite Corporation, 1963
32 Mahanna, I.C., 1967-1974
32 McAfee, J. Wes, 1960-1982
32 Merlin, Jacques, 1965
32 Metropolitan Opera Association, Inc., 1953
32 Montgomery, George C., 1964-1974
32 Motley, A.H. (“Red”), 1965
32 National Committee for International Development, 1965-1966
32 National Foreign Trade Council, 1956
32 New York Chamber of Commerce and Industry, 1977
32 Nielsen, A. C., 1951-1973
32 Nitze, Paul, 1972
32 Paar, Jack, 1955
32 Patroons of Rensselaer, 1975-1977
33 Political - Benton, William, 1950-1966
33 Political - Congratulations to Eisenhower appointees, 1952-1969
33 Political - Houghten, Amory, Jr., 1987-1988
33 Political - Javits, Jacob K., 1958-1979
33 Political - Lindsay, John, 1965
33 Political - Nixon, Richard M., 1960
33 Political - Reid, Ogden, 1964, 1975
33 Political - Stevens, Robert T., 1954
33 Political - Symington, Stuart, 1965-1982
33 Political - Weeks, Sinclair, 1958
33 Political Issues - “Point IV Plan,” Truman, 1949
33 Political - World Trade Advisory Committee, 1957
33 Political - Boggs Subcommittee, “Reciprocal Trade Agreement Act”, 1957-1958
33 Political - S. 3102, “International Trade and Tourism Act”, 1960
33 Political - S. 2882, “Export Expansion Program”, 1960
33 Political - Task Force on Foreign Aid Reorganization, 1961
33 Political - NATO Parliamentary Conference, 1962
33 Political - Randall Advisory Panel of Federal Salaries, 1963
33 Political - Business Committee for Tax Reduction, 1963
33 Political - Support for Lyndon Johnson, 1964
33 Political - Honorary Committee for Commemoration of 175th Anniversary of Patent System, 1965
33 Political - Management Advisory Council, NYC, 1966-1968
33 Political - Federal Budget and Economy, 1966-1967
33 Political - Investment Tax Credit, 1969
33 Political - Inflation Control, 1969
33 Political - H. R. 10265, GAO Audit of Federal Reserve and IRS, 1974
33 Political - S. 600, “Regulatory Reform Act”, 1977
33 Political - NY State Federal Selection Commission, 1977
33 Political - Federal Regulatory Reform, 1979
33 Political - S. 932, “Energy Security Act”, 1980
33 Political - H.J. Res. 395, “Jenkins/Conable Amendment”, 1980
33 Political - U.S. Postal Processing Facility, Rye, NY, 1981
33 Political - Role of Department of Commerce, 1983
33 Political Contributions - Miscellaneous, 1970-1985
33 Political Contributions - New York Republican Committee, 1958-1962
33 Political Contributions - Rockefeller Nomination, 1966-1968
33 Political Contributions - Republican National Committee, 1972-1975
33 Political Contributions - Nat'l Republican Senatorial Committee, 1983, 1986
33 Political - Miscellaneous, 1951-1982
33 Polk, Louis F., Jr., 1965
33 Purdue University, Old Masters Program, 1961
33 Robertson, Charles S., 1966
33 Royal College of Surgeons of England, 1968
33 Shafter, Jake, 1978
33 Shotwell, James T., 1954
33 Sinclair, Sir Robert, 1955
33 Slater, Ellis D., 1963, 1980
33 Special Car Associates, 1975-1976
33 Swarthmore College, 1954
33 Swope, Gerard, 1945-1956
33 Shurke, Henry C., 1960-1963
33 Symington, C. H., 1976-1978
33 Szymczak, Matt S., 1961
33 Robinson, William S., 1955
33 Rootes, Sir William, 1963
33 Thayer, Walter, 1971-1987
33 Time, Inc., 1960
33 United Hospital, Port Chester, NY, 1959-1962
33 United Planned Parenthood Campaign, 1970-1972
33 Univ. of Virginia Library (E. Stettinius), 1965
33 Van Heusen, John F., Jr., 1951
33 Villiers, Charles M. C. (British Steel Corporation, Ltd.), 1981-1982
33 Wallenberg, Marc, 1964
33 Weinberg, Sydney, 1944, 1961
33 Winston Churchill Foundation, 1970-1975
33 Woodrow Wilson National Fellowship Foundation, 1977-1982
33 Wilson, Charles E., 1941-1951
33 Young, O. D., 1931-1962
V. Personal Papers and Speeches
Scope and Content
This series contains speeches, radio and television broadcasts from the 1940s and 1950s, and copies of published articles. The topics addressed by Reed include American and international industry, General Electric policy, and patriotic themes. Many speeches are filed with tear sheets, drafts and notes. Five cubic feet of office correspondence, both professional and personal, are also included in this series, as well as Reed's office date books from 1942 to 1972. Finally in this series are Reed's personal letters to his wife during the time he spent in London with the Harriman Mission, or Mission for Economic Affairs, 1942 to 1944. These letters provide insight into Reed's family life, details on wartime London, British and American economic policy, and the internal workings of the MEA.
The collection also contains one and one-half cubic feet of miscellaneous correspondence, largely unprocessed, regarding Reed's membership in the Mill Reef Club, Antigua, West Indies; one cubic foot of miscellaneous personal correspondence; one cubic foot of miscellaneous business correspondence; and one cubic foot of miscellaneous correspondence regarding the Philip D. Reed Foundation.
A. Biographical
34 Biographical sketches, 1945-1961
34 News clippings, 1945-1959
B. Congratulatory letters
34 President's Certificate of Merit, 1947
34 President, ICC, 1949 June
34 Banker's Trust Board, 1939
34 GE Assistant to President Gerard Swope, 1937
34 GE Chairman of the Board, 1939
34 Re-election, GE Chairman of the Board, 1945
C. Miscellaneous Personal
35 Miscellaneous, 1917-1989, 1951-1972
35 Conventions and Meetings - Acceptances, 1951-1969
35 Conventions and Meetings - Regrets, 1963-1972
D. Articles and Speeches
36 General Electric, Miscellaneous, 1936-1941
36 “An American Primer”, 1940 July 2
36 “American Free Enterprise and the Future”, 1940 February 27
36 “Selling in a World under Arms”, 1941 November 14
36 “American Primer,” “American Free Enterprise”, 1940-1941
36 “What Happened to Honor?”, 1951 February 1
36 “We're Betting You'll be Prosperous,”, 1954 July
36 Editorial, 1955
36 “A Basis for Confidence,”, 1956 March
E. Town Hall, Inc., broadcasts - “A Special Message to General Electric Co. re America's town Meeting on the Air”, 1945 October 29
36 Town Hall, Inc., broadcasts - “Should Congress Approve the Loans to Britain?” (Philip D. Reed on the affirmative), 1946 October 1
F. U.S. Treasury Department, Industrial Savings Bond Promotional Campaign, 1954 January 8 (Box 36)
G. Miscellaneous
36 Article, Speech tear sheets, 1940-1963
36 Speeches, bound, 1948-1949
36 Radio transcripts, personal and professional, 1940-1975
36 Correspondence re speeches, 1947 October-1948 March
H. Date copy correspondence, 1938 February-1954 June
38 Date copy correspondence, 1954 June-1955 December
39 Date copy correspondence, 1955 January-1957 January
40 Date copy correspondence, 1957 February-1964 February
41 Date copy correspondence, 1964-1986
I. Personal correspondence, 1958 April-1967 December (Box 38)
J. Index to Business/Personal correspondence, 1960-1966 (Box 41)
K. Speeches, 1937-1958 (Box 42)
L. Date books, 1942-1974 (Box 43)
M. Mrs. Philip D. Reed - Incoming Personal Correspondence
44 A 1 - 14, 1942 August 5-1942 November 21
44 B 1 - 21, 1943 February 7-1943 July 29
44 C 1 - 19, 1943 September 10-1944 November 18
44 D 1 - 14, 1944 March 17-1944 June 19
44 E 1 - 19, 1944 June 22-1944 December 8
45 “British Notes,” Mission for Economic Affairs, Personal Papers, 1944
45 “Seven Principles of American Self-Government,” poster
45 Metropolitan Life commemorative book re retirement from board
45 Metropolitan Life organization charts
45 President's (Truman) Certificate of Merit, 1947
46 Scrapbooks and Newsclips - re Philip Reed, 1937 December-1945 January
46 Scrapbooks and Newsclips - re Philip Reed, 1950 May-1969 July
47 Scrapbooks and Newsclips - re Philip Reed, 1945-1950
48 General Electric Scrapbook, 1948 September
49 General Electric Scrapbook, 1958 June
50 Eisenhower Scrapbook, 1951-1964