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IBM Antitrust Suit records
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IBM Antitrust Suit records

Accession 1980

Manuscripts and Archives Department, Hagley Museum and Library


PO Box 3630
Wilmington, Delaware, 19807
302-658-2400
research@hagley.org

Finding aid prepared by Lynn Ann Catanese, 1991

This finding aid was produced using the Archivists' Toolkit 2013-05-20T12:09-0400

Finding aid prepared using best local practices and Describing Archives: A Content Standard

Cite items for this collection in the following format:
[Description and dates], Box/folder number, IBM Antitrust Suit records (Accession 1980), Hagley Museum and Library, Wilmington, DE 19807

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Descriptive Summary

Title: IBM Antitrust Suit records
Dates: 1950-1984
Accession Number: 1980
Creator: DeLamarter, Richard Thomas
Extent: 40.5 linear feet
Language of Material: English
Repository: Hagley Museum and Library: Manuscripts and Archives Department
Abstract: The IBM antitrust suit records are a collection assembled by Richard Thomas DeLamarter, a senior economist working for the Department of Justice on the case from 1974 to 1982. He is the author of Big Blue: IBM's Use and Abuse of Power (New York: Dodd, Mead & Company, 1986).
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Administrative Information


Provenance

Gift of Richard DeLamarter, 1989

Access Restrictions

Series IV. Department of Justice Records is subject to a 25-year time seal.

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Historical Note

International Business Machines Corporation (IBM) became a giant in the field of electronic data processing by the mid-1950s after having achieved great success in the punch-card tabulating machine business in the 1930s. IBM had an image as offering superior products at a lower price than their competitors. IBM customers were portrayed as loyal and satisfied with the service provided by “Big Blue”

IBM's success, particularly with their System/360, was a cause for distrust and suspicion by both their competitors and the federal government. Preliminary inquiry was made in the mid-1960s by the U.S. Department of Justice as to antitrust violations by IBM. The complaint for the case U.S. v. IBM was filed in U.S. District Court, Southern District of New York on January 17, 1969 by the Justice Department. The suit alleged that IBM violated the Section 2 of the Sherman Act by monopolizing or attempting to monopolize the general purpose electronic digital computer system market, specifically computers designed primarily for business.

There were several charges against IBM. The government contended that IBM planned to and did eliminate emerging competition that threatened the erosion of IBM's monopoly power by devising and executing business strategies which were not illegal, but which did not provide users with a better price, a better product or better service. Specifically, it was alleged that IBM had hindered the development of service and peripherals competitors by maintaining a single price policy for its machines, software and support services (bundling); it had granted discounts for universities and other educational institutions and by so doing influenced those places to select IBM computers; and that IBM had introduced underpriced models knowing that they could not be produced on time and did this to prevent the placement of competitors' machines. For example, IBM had prematurely announced new systems such as System/360 claiming that it was a superior product and that its introduction was imminent when in fact, it was several years from completion.

The trial began May 19, 1975 and spanned a period of over six years. After thousands of hours of testimony (testimony of over 950 witnesses, 87 in court, the remainder by deposition) and the submission of tens of thousands of exhibits, the case was withdrawn by William F. Baxter, assistant attorney general in charge of the Antitrust Division, Department of Justice, on January 8, 1982. Baxter signed a Stipulation of Dismissal that stated the government's charges were “without merit” It was later discovered that Baxter had failed to disclose that he had been retained as a consultant to a West Coast law firm defending IBM in private antitrust cases.

Baxter had reviewed the case and met with both sides in 1981. His reasoning for dismissing the case was that the Antitrust Division's view regarding Section 2 violations had evolved since the commencement of the suit; the government was backing off antitrust actions. Baxter believed that the cost of continuation would be too high and that the government was unlikely to win the case. Baxter maintained that IBM had achieved its large market share legally without resorting to predatory practices, and that Section 2 could not filed against a company because of its success.

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Scope and Content

The IBM antitrust suit records are a collection assembled by Richard Thomas DeLamarter, a senior economist working for the Department of Justice on the case from 1974 to 1982. He is the author of Big Blue: IBM's Use and Abuse of Power (New York: Dodd, Mead & Company, 1986). He believed that IBM was, and continues to be, a monopolist. DeLamarter used records from the case, particularly plaintiff exhibits, to substantiate his argument.

The IBM Antitrust Suit Records offer an opportunity to examine in detail not only the suit brought against IBM by the Department of Justice, but also the history of the computer industry and IBM, and the evolution of antitrust law.

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Bibliography

Folded, Spindled, and Mutilated: Economic Analysis and U.S. v. IBM (Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press, 1983)

IBM and the U.S. Data Processing Industry: An Economic History (New York: Praeger Publishers, 1983)

Big Blue: IBM's Use and Abuse of Power (New York: Dodd, Mead & Company, 1986)

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Access Points

Antitrust law.
Arthur D. Little, Inc.
Baxter, William F., 1929-.
Burroughs Corporation.
California Computer Products, Inc.
Cary, Frank T (Frank Taylor), 1920-.
Computer industry,--United States.
Computer leases.
Computer storage devices.
Control Data Corporation.
DOS/VSE (Computer operating system).
Data disk drives.
Diebold Group.
Economists.
Edelstein, David N (David Norton), 1910-.
Electronic digital computers--Design and construction.
Electronic digital computers.
General Electric Company.
Honeywell Information Systems, inc.
Hurd, Cuthbert Corwin, 1911-1996.
IBM 360 (Computer).
IBM 370 (Computer).
IBM computers.
International Business Machines Corporation.
International Data Corporation.
Learson, T. Vincent (Thomas Vincent), 1912-.
Market share.
McAdams, A. K (Alan K.), 1930-.
McKie, James W., 1922-.
Memorex Telex Corporation.
Memory hierarchy (Computer science).
Monopolies--Computer industry.
Monopolistic competition.
Preston, Lee E.
Radio Corporation of America.
Sperry Rand Corporation. UNIVAC Division.
Storage Technology Corporation.
Time-sharing computer systems.
United States of America vs. International Business Machines Corporation.
United States. Dept. of Justice. Antitrust Division.
Watson, Thomas J., 1914-1993.
Weiss, Leonard W.
Withington, Frederic G.
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Series Descriptions and Inventory

I. Exhibits, 1950-1981
Scope and Content
A large portion of the collection consists of plaintiff exhibits for the suit U.S. v. IBM and includes records generated by IBM and its executives including internal memos, speeches, executive office correspondence, appointment diaries of Cuthbert C. Hurd (former IBM director of applied sciences in the early 1950s and later consultant to IBM), product announcements, and 10-K financial forms. There are also IBM handbooks and manuals on principles of time sharing, basic principles of COMSTAT, and an IBM Lease/Purchase Guide. The studies and reports cover such subjects as selective pricing, market share and environment, System/360, unbundling, and rental and purchase policies. Some reports analyze IBM's competitors in the computer industry. Other plaintiff exhibits include computer industry reports and studies by companies such as International Data Corporation, Arthur D. Little, Inc., and the Diebold Group; and records generated by IBM's competitors. The exhibits are not a complete set.
A. Plaintiff's Exhibits, 1950-1981
Box
1 “UNIVAC; Its Environment and its Purpose (The Sperry Rand Investment in the Electronic Digital Computer Industry),” report by D.L. Heisler (PX 1), May 1967
1 General Electric press releases, industry reports, annual reports, 10-K forms (PX 320-331), 1960-1970
1 RCA annual reports (PX 332-334), 1960, 1961, 1963
1 Portion of RCA annual report 1971 and chart of IBM competitors listing their strategy, world market share and estimated 5 year cumulative profits (PX 341), undated
1 Portion of a report regarding computer forecasts for the 1980s and discussion of the TERRIER program (PX 390), undated
1 IBM memos and minutes on Model 44 (PX 1439, 1456, 1509), 1965
1 Memo from W.A. Hartigan regarding System/360 Model 67 release to DP (PX 1563), July 1965
1 Memo from W.A. Hartigan to K.N. Davis, Jr. regarding System/360 Model 67 release to DP with objections to announcement because of low profits for IBM (PX 1582), August 1965
1 Memo from J.R. Opel summarizing pricing actions of 360 market and concluding that IBM was too optimistic regarding average life, revenue, and cost estimates (PX 1805), June 1966
1 Memo to C.B. Rogers from T.V. Learson regarding time sharing. It mentions the competition's actions and suggests that IBM offer a simple system to permit a “service-bureau-type operation” for customers (PX 1856), August 1966
1 “Selective Pricing in the Federal Government Marketplace,” report by R.A. Pfeiffer, Jr. It contains IBM's definition of Federal Market and discusses market shares (PX 1877), 1966
1 Memo to L. E. Kanter from F.J. Sparacio regarding an engineering comparison of the CDC 6000 Series to the IBM Model 90 Series (PX 1881), September 1966
1 IBM memo regarding program profit evaluation on selected 1400/7000 series systems and component machine types (PX 1888A), September 1966
1 Memo to C.E. Branscomb from F.T. Cary regarding “high end of the line” advising IBM's withdraw from time-sharing and Model 75 as these projects were low volume and produced low profits. Cary suggested instead to use resources and money on Model 65 and OS (PX 1914), November 1966
1 Memo to R.M. Whitenack with report regarding System/360 program profit analysis (PX 1962), December 1966
1 Program financial analysis for IBM System/360. Compiled by IBM's Program Profit Evaluation, DP Group Finance (PX 1962A), December 1966
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2 Memo and report to A.J. McGill and C.B. Rogers Jr. from [UNK] Pier reviewing current and future [UNK] environment for IBM. The report highly praises the IBM [UNK] as the “de facto standard of the industry” (PX 1983), 1967, 1970-1975
2 “Systems Strategy Task Force Report,” IBM. The report [UNK] that although the System/360 exceeded all expectations, [UNK] System/360 orders were backlogged, that some of the more advanced capabilities of System/360 were not fully supported, and that installation and service for the new products would be difficult. Resources were overcommitted and gaps were occurring in the product line (PX 1985), January 1967
2 IBM report on competitive systems including Honeywell, RCA, UNIVAC, Burroughs, SDS, GE, CDC, and NCR ([UNK] 1989), January 1967
2 “360/67 Program (Total System)” showing incremental profit after impact, current and alternative plans, and predicting that the Model 67 would be marginally profitable (PX 1993), January 1967
2 IBM Lease/Purchase Guide distributed to branch offices. It includes administrative procedures and instructions, branch manager letters, policy letters and financial and marketing considerations (PX 2049), May 1967
2 IBM study of Burroughs Corporation (PX 2082), June 1967
2 IBM Quarterly Product Line Assessment (partial document). Memo to F.T. Cary from D.D. Allen attached to it (PX 2125), July - September 1967, October 1967
2 IBM Quarterly Product Line Assessment (partial document). Memo to F.T. Cary from D.D. Allen attached to it (PX 2183), October-December 1967, February 1968
2 “Program Profit Analysis -- System 360/44,” report prepared by IBM's General Systems Financial Analysis Department. It includes product description, market position, financial commentary, and assumptions and pricing factors (PX 2229B), April 1968
2 IBM Quarterly Product Line Assessment (partial document). Memo to F.T. Cary from H.A. Alper attached to it (PX 2238), January-March 1968, May 1968
2 IBM educational manual “Basic Principles of COMSTAT,” (Competitive Statistical Reporting Procedure) (PX 2251), May 1968
2 Memo from A.E. Lakes to 27 IBMers attached to report “Comparison of IBM with the Largest Manufacturing Corporations Ranked by Total Assets, 1952-1967” [contains comparison tables showing total assets, net worth, invested capital, long-term debt, sales, net earnings, profit margin, return on average invested capital, number of stockholders and employees, net earnings and capital invested per employee, cash dividends, percent pay cut, annual earnings per share, common stock price range, and market value of outstanding shares of common stock] (PX 2260), July 1968
2 IBM's “Data Processing Group, 1968-1974 Strategic Plan” (PX 2277), July 1968
2 IBM Quarterly Product Line Assessment, Memo to F.T. Cary from D.D. Allen attached to it (PX 2308), 2nd quarter 1968. August 1968
2 IBM Quarterly Product Line Assessment (partial document). Memo to F.T. Cary from D.D. Allen attached to it (PX 2360), 3rd quarter 1968 November 1968
2 Memo to D.N. Piccone from D.M. Sturges with attached report regarding audit of rental/purchase policies showing pros and cons for IBM (PX 2369), December 1968
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3 “IBM's Unbundling Decision: Consequences for Users and the Industry,” report prepared by Thomas W. Hamilton for Programming Sciences Corporation [examines unbundling and analysis of the IBM separate pricing policy and contain opinions from computer users, a discussion of IBM support and pricing, bundling and unbundling, why IBM decided to unbundle, and a bibliography] (PX 2372), 1969
3 Abstract of presentations presented at the IBM 1968 Fall Executive Conference focusing on personnel and technological development in the future (PX 2373), January 1969
3 Memo to R.B. Drew from M.E. Cooper regarding 2314 Modular Pricing (PX 2377A), January 1969
3 IBM Quarterly Product Line Assessment (partial document). Memo to F.T. Cary from D.D. Allen attached to it (PX 2388), 4th quarter 1968 February 1969
3 IBM Quarterly Product Line Assessment (partial document). Memo to F.T. Cary from H.D. Wyngarden attached to it (PX 2437), 1st quarter 1969 May 1969
3 “Computer Related Industry Study 1968-1976,” report prepared by IBM's Market Research Department (PX 2453), June 1969
3 IBM Quarterly Product Line Assessment (partial document) (PX 2482), 2nd quarter 1969 September 1969
3 IBM “Thoughts for Consideration” notes regarding the viability of IBM's risk lease dependent on price leadership and price control [unbundling was perceived as creating a new threat to IBM's price control with legal problems emerging] (PX 2508), November 1969
3 IBM manual on COMSTAT (PX 2512A), April 1969
3 IBM Quarterly Product Line Assessment (partial document) [memo to G.B. Beitzel from H.D. Wyngarden attached] (PX 2567), 1st quarter 1970 April 1970
3 IBM Quarterly Product Line Assessment (partial document) (PX 2606), 3rd quarter 1970 September 1970
3 IBM Quarterly Product Line Assessment (partial document) (PX 2627), 2nd quarter 1970 No date
3 IBM Quarterly Product Line Assessment (PX 2644), 4th quarter 1970.
3 IBM Quarterly Product Line Assessment (partial document) (PX 2679), 2nd quarter 1971 August 1971
3 Memo to D.P. Phypers from F.A. Powell regarding operating volume effects of FTP (Fixed Term Plan) and price changes (PX 2680), August 1971
3 IBM Quarterly Product Line Assessment (partial document). Memo to D.R. McKay from M.M. Connors attached to it (PX 2685), January 1972
3 IBM report “Competitive Analysis Systems Area System 360/20-40” prepared by E. McSweeney (PX 2700), April 1970
3 IBM-produced hand-drawn and handwritten diagram and outline “History--Part I--191X-1955” regarding IBM's market dominance, the impact of reduced account control, and the effects of unbundling (PX 2717), undated
3 IBM manual “Principles of Time Sharing Class Notes,” prepared by Milon H. Cluff and David Thompson. It was used in conjunction with the one-week training course for IBM Marketing staff to teach the fundamentals of terminal-oriented computing and acquaint them with support offered by IBM (PX 2753), undated
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4 Selected pages from the IBM Computer Description Manual, volumes I-V (PX 2783-2787), 1965-1969
4 “Leasing Company Report,” IBM. It provides a summary of the major leasing companies, their marketing and funding activities, equipment and services; a directory of leasing companies; IBM's installment credit program and personnel losses to leasing companies (PX 3082), July 1968
4 IBM Management Committee Minutes. Presentations to the committee included FSD precursor, DPG peripherals, delivery sequencing, and balance of payments. The IBM plug compatible tape drive market and leasing companies were discussed (PX 3096A), October 1968
4 “A Company Study of Radio Corporation of America” prepared by IBM's Market Evaluation Department, DP Group Staff. The report advised IBM management to view RCA as a company with a solid funding base for future development and a dedicated approach to success in EDP (PX 3221), March 1967
4 Memo to D.J. Perry from B.M. Hochfeld regarding the Memory Task Force's work on various cases, policy alternatives, and assumptions. The memo shows various strategies in the memory market and their pros and cons (PX 3271B), March 1971
4 IBM Quarterly Product Line Assessment (partial document) (PX 3365), 1st quarter 1973 May 1973
4 Memo to T.C. Papes from G.B. McCarter regarding the major problems with OS/360. McCarter wrote that it was “no real surprise” to his department, Product Test (PX 3435), July 1968
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5 “A Company Study of General Electric Company” prepared by IBM's Market Evaluation Department, DP Group Staff. The report advises IBM management to view GE as a potential threat in the 1970s even though GE had been relatively unsuccessful in the computer market in the 1960s (PX 3448), February 1967
5 “A Company Study of Control Data Corporation” prepared by IBM's Market Evaluation Department, DP Group Staff. The report speculates that CDC would continue as a major factor in the EDP industry (PX 3453), October 1967
5 “A Company Study of Honeywell, Inc” prepared by IBM's Market Evaluation Department, DP Group Staff. The report states that Honeywell would continue to sustain sales and that profits would increase (PX 3454, 3481), December 1967
5 “A Study of the Software Industry” prepared by IBM's Market Evaluation Department, DP Group Staff. The report examines five companies and concludes that Computing and Software had the best opportunity for achieving long-term success. The report also states that in the future, there would be fewer, larger, and more diversified software companies (PX 3455, 3477), March 1970
5 “A Study of the Computer Leasing Company Industry” prepared by IBM's Market Evaluation Department, DP Group Staff. The report advises IBM management to consider third party leasing as an industry with reported growing profits until the early 1970s after which time it would take a secondary role to evolving data processing and service activities (PX 3455A), February 1968
5 Several studies of Memorex prepared by IBM's Market Evaluation Department, DP Group Staff. The reports states that Memorex would have a successful future but there would be three problem areas: marketing and service, manufacturing, and finance (PX 3459A), October-December 1969
5 “A Study of the Semiconductor Manufacturer in the 1970s” prepared by IBM's Market Evaluation Department, DP Group Staff. The report speculates that Texas Instruments would be the most likely semiconductor manufacturer to achieve success in the EDP market, but would not become a major manufacturer of EDP system through internal growth (PX 3461, 3461A), September 1970
5 IBM report on Control Data Corporation, probably prepared by IBM's Market Evaluation Department, DP Group Staff. The report advises IBM executives to consider CDC as a “doubtful situation” and surmises that CDC needed to operate more efficiently, reduce product cost, secure financing, and prepare for the future. Title page is missing (PX 3463), January 1966
5 “A Study of Potter Instrument Company, Inc” prepared by IBM's Market Evaluation Department, DP Group Staff. According to the report, Potter Instrument is “on the threshold of dynamic growth” but that “the next step is up to John Potter” (PX 3482), May 1968
5 “A Company Study of National Cash Register Company” prepared by IBM's Market Evaluation Department, DP Group Staff. The report advises IBM management to consider NCR as a company still establishing itself in computers and that is “average” in the EDP field (PX 3483), May 1967
5 “A Study of Sanders Associates, Inc” prepared by IBM's Market Evaluation Department, DP Group staff. The report speculates that Sanders Associates “is an attractive target for acquisition-minded enterprise” and that the company would be a strong competitor in the commercial display field (PX 3484), November 1968
5 “An Analysis of Raytheon” prepared by IBM's Market Evaluation Department, DP Group staff. The report suggests that Raytheon has the capability to achieve a position in the EDP/communications area (PX 3491)
Box
6 Deposition of Robert S. Jackson in the Corrected Transcript, U.S. v. IBM (partial document) (PX 3649), February 1976
6 Memo to B.O. Evans from H.E. Cooley attached to charts comparing PCM units installed as of November 1971 with DP Group's forecasting projection of December 1970 (PX 3749A), December 1971
6 Memorex Inputs charts produced by IBM. It concludes that the Memorex disc business was viable, that its required cash flows could be achieved, that volume was critical to survival, and that its projected sales force was sufficient (PX 3815A), December 1972
6 Memo to P.W. Knaplund attached to report of System/360 Compatibility Committee. The committee concluded that competitors would develop equipment compatible to the 360/30 model and that competitors' models would have a superior price/performance to the Model 30 (PX 3908A), August 1964
6 Memo to T.V. Learson, F.T. Cary, and T.J. Watson, Jr. from P.J. Rizzo. Rizzo warns that price increases and certain cost-cutting measures must be instituted to increase profit margins (PX 4125), July 1971
6 Memo to F.A. Metz, Jr. from W.T. Wiesler showing the approximate sizing of the annual gross revenue loss resulting from the FTP program (PX 4130), March 1972
6 File memo regarding PCM memories (PX 4162), December 1970
6 Memo to C.E. Branscomb from F.T. Cary regarding resolution of two problems with the legal department: systems organization and legal objections regarding the 2414 and memories being made integral to the design of CPU's and channels (PX 4191), December 1968
6 “Computer Peripheral Industry and Computer Software & Service Industry” report by Stephen J. Butters. He summarized that the plug-to-plug computer peripherals market expanded rapidly with independent manufacturers offering lower prices and IBM following suit. For IBM to continue growth, it needed to maintain market share in peripherals and software at the expense of the independents (PX 4201), November 1970
6 Sale recommendation for Memorex securities by Stephen J. Butters (PX 4202), December 1970
6 Memo to D.P. McMahon from L.J. Dellacava, Jr. attached to IBM's Program Profit Analysis for the Tape and Control Unit product line (PX 4216), February 1971
6 IBM Quarterly Leasing Company Report. Memo to A.L. Williams from J.J. Forese attached to it (PX 4260), January 1967
6 IBM Data Processing Group 1967-1968 Operating Plan, Part I (PX 4285), November 1966
6 Memo from R.P. Fletcher attached to charts used by Fletcher and Jim Manning in a presentation to Vin Learson (PX 4403), December 1970
6 IBM Data Processing Group 1967-1968 Operating Plan, Part VII Long Range Outlook (PX 4460), November 1966
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7 IBM Product Announcements (internal) from the Data Processing Division (PX 4526-4542, 4592-4595, 4714), 1957-1976
7 Storage Technology Corporation annual reports, financing information, reports, memos (PX 4703-471, 4715-4729), 1969-1977
7 ITEL reports, studies, marketing plan, correspondence, memos (PX 4732A-4734, 4736,4738-4740, 4741, 4743), 1971-1973
7 Arthur D. Little reports/studies written or co-written by Frederic G. Withington and Oscar H. Rothenbuecher (PX 4829-4840)
7 “The Computer Industry -- The Next Five Years” (PX 4829), October 1964
7 “The Computer Industry -- The Next Five Years” (PX 4830), December 1965
7 “The World Computer Industry 1976-1981” (PX 4831), March 1977
7 “The Computer Industry -- The Next Five Years” (PX 4832), February 1967
7 “The Computer Industry 1968-1973” (PX 4833), June 1968
7 “The Computer Industry 1969-1974” (PX 4834), June 1969
7 “The Computer Industry 1970-1975” (PX 4835), April 1971
7 “The Computer Industry: 1971-1976” (PX 4836), January 1972
7 “The World Computer Industry 1974-1979” (PX 4837), February 1975
7 “The World Computer Industry 1973-1978” (PX 4838), February 1974
7 “The Computer Industry: 1972-1977” (PX 4839), February 1973
7 “The World Computer Industry 1975-1980” (PX 4840), February 1976
7 Arthur D. Little “Industry Comment” newsletters regarding IBM's pricing policies, product announcements, and memory-centered strategy; outlook for manufacturers of plug-compatible peripheral equipment, Xerox's withdrawal from computer manufacturing (PX 4844-4849), 1969, 1971, 1973, 1975, 1976
7 Arthur D. Little report “Outlook for Computer Peripheral Equipment” (PX 4850), 1972
7 Wall St. Journal articles regarding IBM and its competition (PX 4855-4866), 1971-1972
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8 “Share of Installed Value (I.D.C.) (COMSTAT Categories A to G)” from 1963-1975 for IBM, Burroughs, CDC, DEC, GE, Honeywell, NCR, RCA, Singer, UNIVAC, and SDS/XDS (PX 4933), July 1977
8 “Percentage of Value Installed (Categories C-F; Categories B-F)” I.D.C. source for IBM, Burroughs, CDC, DEC, GE, Honeywell, NCR, RCA, Singer, UNIVAC, and SDS/XDS (PX 4936), 1963-1972, 1973-1975
8 Portion of deposition of Paul J. Rizzo for CDC v. IBM and Greyhound Computer Corporation v. IBM in U.S. District Court (PX 5045), September 1971
8 IBM's list of suggestions to follow when reviewing long range plans, internal IBM documents or proposed business decisions regarding the Department of Justice investigation (PX 5055A), July 1968
8 U.S. v. IBM and Other Listed Forms Before Tax Profit or (Loss) from Operations of Total Electronic Data Processing Business in the U.S. Calendar Years, 1960-1972” Other firms include: Burroughs, CDC, DEC, GE, Honeywell, NCR, RCA, Singer, Sperry-UNIVAC, SDS/Xerox (PX 5112), undated
8 Memo to G.O. Harmon from L.W. McKinney regarding model and feature changes by non-IBM companies for IBM's 2420 Tape Drive Models 5 and 7, and Model 20 and 1400 Emulation Features for the Model 25 (PX 5143A), December 1968
8 Memo from J.V.S. Davis regarding the Department of Justice investigation for the pricing of the 2319 (PX 5148), November 1970
8 Memo from D.G.G. Levick, III to J.P. Cunningham regarding 2319 announcement (PX 5149A), December 1970
8 Affidavit of Burke Marshall, U.S. v. IBM,U.S. District Court (PX 5155), September 1973
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9 “IBM Response to IBM Census” volumes I and II for CDC v. IBM and Commercial Credit Company and Greyhound Computer Corporation v. IBM in U.S. District Court. It contains IBM's official response to questions propounded on order for taking depositions (PX 5251), September 1971
9 IBM's “Competitive Assumptions” a CS&M study, Cases II-V (PX 5257-5259B), February 1968
9 IBM's “Unbundling Communications and Response Planning Agenda” (PX 5296), May 1969
9 IBM draft by H.A. Faw, Jr. regarding adverse reaction to software unbundling (PX 5298), May 1969
9 “Kearns Task Force -- 1968” The task force's objective was to devise legally acceptable plans for the unbundling of systems engineering guidance (PX 5310A), undated
9 Department of Justice transcript of interview with Dan A. Hosage, Executive Vice President, Action Communication Systems, Inc (PX 5318), July 1974
9 “Dr. Alan K. McAdams' Citation to the Record (6/29/77-7/8/77)” (PX 5338A-5338G)
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10 IBM studies of Burroughs and CDC computers contain company and price information, quick reference, programming systems, input and output devices, and systems evaluations (PX 5525A), 1964-1969
10 “IBM System/360 System Summary” published by IBM as a reference guide (PX 5623), August 1968
10 “IBM Corporate Communications Programs and Strategies 1972-1973” (PX 5919), March 1973
10 Correspondence to and from Cuthbert C. Hurd, agreements, invoices, affidavits and testimony during his employment with IBM on a full-time and consulting basis and during his years with Computer Usage Company, Inc (CUC). Many of the papers were generated while Hurd was retained by IBM's law firm as a consultant and expert witness for IBM in its various court cases ( Telex v. IBM, Greyhound v. IBM, U.S. v. IBM) (PX 5965-6067, 6075-6082A, 6093-6101, 6106-6112, 6120-6124, 6126), 1950-1953, 1956, 1957, 1961-1962, 1965, 1966, 1970-1978
10 Transcript of discussion of founders of the SHARE Committee for Informal Discussion Sessions. The transcript covers the early computer industry, IBM, and the formation of SHARE (PX 6086), March 1972
10 Appointment diaries showing schedule of Cuthbert C. Hurd (PX 6092, 6102-6103, 6113, 6114), January-March, May 1951, 1974, 1977
10 “A Resume of the UNIVAC” and “A Study of the UNIVAC” by W.R. Elmendorf and W.W. Peterson of IBM (PX 6104), December 1954
10 IBM's “Product Testing Handbook” (PX 6135), 1960
10 Correspondence to and from Thomas A. Spain, IBM's director of leasing company relations and industry relations (PX 6144-6145, 6149-6154, 6157-6162, 6164, 6168, 6180, 6193A-6194B, 6197, 6199A), 1967-1971, 1979
10 Memo from G.B. Beitzel to P.W. Knaplund regarding IBM's Data Processing Group's operating and long range plans and marketing objectives (PX 6221), September 1966
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11 IBM “Report on Component Technology Organization Study” (PX 6263), July 1975
11 Two memos: Memo from Lewis M. Branscomb to T.C. Papes regarding IBM's memory plans and competitive analysis asking why IBM's “manufacturing costs are projected to be roughly equivalent to the merchant industries' selling price”; memo from J. Roseman to D. Gazis regarding memory product concerns (PX 6306), December 1975
11 Transcript of interview with Eric Bloch of IBM concerning the history of computer technology (PX 6338), October 1968
11 Memo from William C. Hillemeyer to D.P. Phypers regarding a delay on long term lease plan evaluations (PX 6388), February 1971
11 IBM's “Hierarchial Distributed Systems, CMR Requirements Statement Number 4007,” Volume I -- Management Summary. The report identifies product requirements for Hierarchical Distributed Systems, which was a “World-wide opportunity of 218 million points through 1983” Major industries involved were manufacturing, distribution, process, and utilities (PX 6444), December 1974
11 Notes for speech by an IBM employee on U.S. data processing business (PX 6449), undated
11 Speech to IBM board of directors by John F. Akers (PX 6450), February 1975
11 Seminar report “The Steel Industry in Japan and the U.S. and Trade Relations in the 1980” published by the Japan Society, Inc (PX 6615), 1979
11 IBM “Data Processing Group 1971-1977 Goals, Management Committee Meeting” The opinions of the Management Committee were: Legal and Marketing concurred, EP&T and Planning nonconcurred and EP&T, Manufacturing, Marketing, Planning, and Service attached critiques on the DP Group goals (PX 6630), May 1970
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12 Diebold Research Program studies/reports:“Guidelines For Evaluating Minicomputer Vendors” (PX 6685), 1978
12 Diebold Research Program studies/reports: “Impact of Virtual Memory on ADP operations” (PX 6686), 1973
12 Diebold Research Program studies/reports: “Small Computer Market 1967-1977” (PX 6687), 1967
12 Diebold Research Program studies/reports: “Trends in Systems Architecture 1980, 1985, 1990” (PX 6688), 1975
12 Diebold Research Program studies/reports: “Implications of Minicomputer Developments” (PX 6689), 1970
12 Diebold Research Program studies/reports: “Systems Architecture: Trends in Mini and Microcomputers” (PX 6690), 1977
12 Diebold Research Program studies/reports: “Management Costs and Controls Studies IBM System/370 -- User Experience to Date” (PX 6691), 1972
12 Diebold Research Program studies/reports: “Guidelines for ADP Strategic Planning” (PX 6692), 1976
12 Diebold Research Program studies/reports: “Current Status of Data Bases and Data Base Management” (PX 6693), 1976
12 Diebold Research Program studies/reports: “Systems Impact of Microelectronic and Memory Developments” (PX 6694), 1966
12 Diebold Research Program studies/reports: “Third Generation Operating Systems -- I: Experiences and Guidelines” (PX 6695), 1967
12 Diebold Research Program studies/reports: “Trends in Distributed Processing Technology” (PX 6696), 1976
12 Diebold Research Program studies/reports: “Communications” (PX 6697), 1974
12 Diebold Research Program studies/reports: “The Office of the Future” (PX 6698), 1977
12 Diebold Research Program studies/reports: “Review of Developments in Information Processing: A Hypothesis of Systems Concepts” (PX 6699), 1963
12 Diebold Research Program studies/reports: “Significance of Future Developments in Microelectronics and Computer Organization 1963-1972” (2nd quarter report) (PX 6700), 1964
12 Diebold Research Program studies/reports: “Software Advances 1964-1973 Volume I Management Summary” (5th quarter report) (PX 6785), 1964
12 Diebold Research Program studies/reports: IBM Form 10-K annual report (PX 6976, 6978, 6981-6990), 1950-1959, 1974, 1975
12 Diebold Research Program studies/reports: IBM Annual Report (PX 6979), 1978
12 Diebold Research Program studies/reports: “IBM System/370 Principles of Operation” reference manual for assembly language programmers (PX 7063A), 1973
Box
13 “IBM System/370 System Summary” basic information guide (PX 7068A), 1972
13 Diebold Research Program studies/reports: “Software--Applications” (PX 7075), 1973
13 Diebold Research Program studies/reports: “Advances in Memories: The Implications for Management” (PX 7076), 1970
13 Diebold Research Program studies/reports: “Improving the Utilization of Personnel Resources” (PX 7077), 1977
13 Diebold Research Program studies/reports: “Trends in Information Output: 1980, 1985, 1990” (PX 7078), 1977
13 Diebold Research Program studies/reports: “Mixed Hardware Configurations” (PX 7080), 1969
13 Diebold Research Program studies/reports: “Organizing for Data Base Management” (PX 7081), 1971
13 Diebold Research Program studies/reports: “Management of Computer Resources in Multinational Corporations” (PX 7082), 1970
13 Diebold Research Program studies/reports: “Advanced Memories and Data Storage Devices” (PX 7083), 1968
13 Diebold Research Program studies/reports: “Massive Data Base Design Panel Presentation and Discussion” (PX 7084), 1966
13 Diebold Research Program studies/reports: “Concepts and Applications of Process Control: Phase II” (PX 7085), 1967
13 Diebold Research Program studies/reports: “Investment in Management Information Systems, 1976” (PX 7087), 1976
13 Diebold Research Program studies/reports: “Expenditure Patterns for Management Information Systems -- 1971” (PX 7088), 1971
13 Diebold Research Program studies/reports: “Investment in Telecommunications Systems, 1975” (PX 7089), 1975
13 Diebold Research Program studies/reports: “Guidelines for Developing a Long-Range Data Base Strategy” (PX 7090), 1978
13 Diebold Research Program studies/reports: “Data Processing Standards” (PX 7091), 1966
13 Diebold Research Program studies/reports: “Audit Methodology Data Communications” (PX 7092), 1977
13 Diebold Research Program studies/reports: “The Data Base: Powerful New Corporate Competitive Weapon” (PX 7093), 1967
13 Diebold Research Program studies/reports: “Investment in Management Information Systems, 1974” (PX 7094), 1974
13 Diebold Research Program studies/reports: “Timesharing as a Corporate Tool” (PX 7095), 1971
13 Diebold Research Program studies/reports: “Minicomputer Evaluation and Selection Factors” (PX 7096), 1972
13 Diebold Research Program studies/reports: “Trends in Components, Materials and Devices: 1980, 1985, 1990” (PX 7097), 1976
13 Diebold Research Program studies/reports: “Guidelines to Data Communications Planning and Implementation” (PX 7098), 1972
13 Diebold Research Program studies/reports: “Introduction to IBM 3350 Direct Access Storage” IBM manual (PX 7099), 1975
13 Diebold Research Program studies/reports: “Memorex 3650 Disc Storage Subsystem,” Memorex-produced promotional material (PX 7100A-B), 1978
13 Diebold Research Program studies/reports: “Burroughs Publication Change Notice” for B 7000/B 6000 Series FORTRAN Reference Manual (PX 7101, 7101A), 1979
13 Diebold Research Program studies/reports: “Advanced Function for Communications System Summary” IBM manual for equipment and programs comprising compatible components as a basis for a data communications network (PX 7102-7102B), 1974
13 Diebold Research Program studies/reports: Storage Technology Corporation advertising material regarding STC 3400 and 3600/3800-IV magnetic tape subsystems (PX 7103A), 1977
13 Diebold Research Program studies/reports: “Burroughs Conversion Aids Product Description” (PX 7104-7104B), undated
13 Diebold Research Program studies/reports: “An Introduction to Communications Systems in Europe” (PX 7105), undated
13 Diebold Research Program studies/reports: “Lease or Buy: How to Evaluate the Methods of Acquiring ADP Equipment” (PX 7106), 1967
13 Diebold Research Program studies/reports: “Time-Sharing Systems” (PX 7107), 1966
13 Diebold Research Program studies/reports: “Timesharing Software” (PX 7108), 1968
Box
14 Diebold Research Program studies/reports (PX 7109-PX 7111)
14 “Data Management Software” (PX 7109), 1969
14 “Digital and Image Memory Developments 1967-1973 Volume I Management Summary” (PX 7110), 1964
14 “Communications and Input/Output Advances 1964-1973 Volume I Management Summary” (PX 7111), 1964
14 IDC estimates of installed bases and shipments for plug compatible peripherals (PCPs) in general purpose computer systems (PX 7124-7195), 1974-1979
14 IDC estimates of distribution of installed value for general purpose computers and minicomputers (PX 7204-7208), 1974-1979
14 Narrative testimony of Kenneth A. McPherson. McPherson, a senior market research consultant at International Data Corporation (IDC), describes IDC's methodology and definitions and discusses PX 7124-7195, 7204-7208, 7214-7217 (PX 7213), circa 1980
14 EDP Industry and Market Reports (“The Gray Sheet”) Monthly Computer Census: (PX 7218), February 15, 1965
14 EDP Industry and Market Reports (“The Gray Sheet”) Monthly Computer Census: (PX 7219), May 31, 1966
14 EDP Industry and Market Reports (“The Gray Sheet”) Monthly Computer Census: (PX 7220), February 10, 1967
14 EDP Industry and Market Reports (“The Gray Sheet”) Monthly Computer Census: (PX 7221), January 26, 1968
14 EDP Industry and Market Reports (“The Gray Sheet”) Monthly Computer Census: (PX 7222), March 25, 1969
14 EDP Industry and Market Reports (“The Gray Sheet”) Monthly Computer Census: (PX 7223), March 12, 1970
14 EDP Industry and Market Reports (“The Gray Sheet”) Monthly Computer Census: (PX 7224), March 12, 1971
14 EDP Industry and Market Reports (“The Gray Sheet”) Monthly Computer Census: (PX 7225), March 30, 1972
14 EDP Industry and Market Reports (“The Gray Sheet”) Monthly Computer Census: (PX 7226), March 30, 1973
14 EDP Industry and Market Reports (“The Gray Sheet”) Monthly Computer Census: (PX 7227), April 12, 1973
14 EDP Industry and Market Reports (“The Gray Sheet”) Monthly Computer Census: (PX 7228), April 19, 1974
14 EDP Industry and Market Reports (“The Gray Sheet”) Monthly Computer Census: (PX 7229), May 30, 1974
14 EDP Industry and Market Reports (“The Gray Sheet”) Monthly Computer Census: (PX 7230), April 30, 1975
14 EDP Industry and Market Reports (“The Gray Sheet”) Monthly Computer Census: (PX 7231), May 19, 1975
14 EDP Industry and Market Reports (“The Gray Sheet”) Monthly Computer Census: (PX 7232), January 15, 1976
14 EDP Industry and Market Reports (“The Gray Sheet”) Monthly Computer Census: (PX 7233), April 30, 1976
14 EDP Industry and Market Reports (“The Gray Sheet”) Monthly Computer Census: (PX 7234), December 3, 1976
14 EDP Industry and Market Reports (“The Gray Sheet”) Monthly Computer Census: (PX 7235), April 22, 1977
14 EDP Industry and Market Reports (“The Gray Sheet”) Monthly Computer Census: (PX 7236), May 19, 1978
14 EDP Industry and Market Reports (“The Gray Sheet”) Monthly Computer Census: (PX 7237), June 29, 1979
14 EDP Industry and Market Reports (“The Gray Sheet”) Monthly Computer Census: (PX 7238), May 28, 1980
14 IDC reports/studies (PX 7239-7242): “Economic Analysis Comparative Storage and Retrieval Costs” (PX 7239), August 1980
14 IDC reports/studies (PX 7239-7242): “EDP Implementation in the Federal Government Programming Languages, Applications, and Operating Systems Appendix A CPU Models and Most Frequently Occurring Programming Languages” vols. 1, 2, 4 (PX 7240), June 1980
14 IDC reports/studies (PX 7239-7242): “A Look at the Market for Information Systems in the Manufacturing Industry” (Incomplete -- only title page) (PX 7241), September 1979
14 IDC reports/studies (PX 7239-7242): “Optical Storage Devices” (Incomplete--only title page) (PX 7242), February 1981
14 IDC reports/studies (PX 7239-7242): McGovern Exhibits I-VIII from Greyhound v. IBM suit. Letter to Thomas D. Barr, attorney with IBM's law firm, from Edward L. Foote attached to it (PX 7264), November 1980
14 IDC studies/reports: “360/370 Migration -- 1976” (PX 7271), February 1975
14 IDC studies/reports: “370 Leasing” (PX 7272), September 1977
14 IDC studies/reports: “IBM Add-on Memory Market” (PX 7273), September 1978
14 IDC studies/reports: “IBM Data & Strategy Book” (PX 7274), May 1973
14 IDC studies/reports: “The IBM Add-On Memory Market” (PX 7276), July 1977
14 IDC studies/reports: “Statistical Reference Book, Data Entry/Data Communications Terminals” (PX 7277), July 1975
14 IDC studies/reports: “Statistical Reference Book Data Entry/Terminal Markets 1978” (PX 7278), August 1978
14 IDC studies/reports: “Statistical Reference Book, Data Entry/Data/Communications Equipment” (PX 7279), July 1976
14 IDC studies/reports: “Statistical Reference Book Data Entry/Communications Equipment” (PX 7280), August 1977
14 IDC studies/reports: “Statistical Reference Book -- Data Entry/Terminal Market -- 1979” (PX 7281), May 1979
14 IDC studies/reports: “Statistical Reference Book Data Entry/Terminal Market 1980” (PX 7282), June 1980
14 IDC studies/reports: “Application-Unique Terminals” (PX 7283), February 1980
14 IDC studies/reports: “Application-Unique Terminals” (PX 7284), April 1978
14 IDC studies/reports: “Application-Unique Terminals” (PX 7285), December 1975
14 IDC studies/reports: “Data Communications/Data Entry Equipment” (PX 7286), August 1974
14 IDC studies/reports: “Superminicomputer Marketplace Analysis 1980-1985” (PX 7287), December 1980
Box
15 IDC studies/reports: “Price and Value Forecasts for the S/60 Portfolio Year Ended November 30, 1976” (PX 7288), February 1977
15 IDC studies/reports: “U.S. Intelligent Terminal Market (Present Status and Future Trends)” (PX 7289), November 1974
15 IDC studies/reports: “Computer Manufacturers - 1978” (PX 7313), December 1978
15 IDC studies/reports: “Processor Data Book, 1980” (PX 7314), August 1980
15 IDC studies/reports: “Computer Manufacturers-1976” (PX 7315), August 1976
15 IDC studies/reports: “Computer Manufacturers-1975” (PX 7316), August 1975
15 IDC studies/reports: “Computer Manufacturers-1977” (PX 7317), December 1977
15 IDC studies/reports: “United States Computer Installation Data File Management Report” (PX 7318), December 1977
15 IDC studies/reports: “United States Computer Installation Data File Management Report” (PX 7319), December 1978
15 IDC studies/reports: “Computer Manufacturers-1979” (PX 7320), December 1979
15 IDC studies/reports: “The Independent Memory Market” (PX 7321), March 1976
15 IDC studies/reports: “Statistical Reference Report on IBM Disk Drive and Tape Drive Market” (PX 7322), December 1978
15 IDC studies/reports: “IBM Migration Study” (PX 7323), January 1981
15 IDC studies/reports: “IBM 360/370/303X Migration” (PX 7324), August 1979
15 IDC studies/reports: “IBM Migration Study” (PX 7325), January 1981
15 IDC studies/reports: “The Supermini Market Revisited” (PX 7326), March 1978
15 IDC studies/reports: “360/370 Migration-1977” (PX 7327), July 1977
15 IDC studies/reports: “Corporate Planning Service” (PX 7328), April 1974
Box
16 IDC studies/reports: “United States Computer Installation Data File Management Report” (PX 7330), December 1974
16 IDC studies/reports: “United States Computer Installation Data File Management Report” (PX 7331), December 1975
16 IDC studies/reports: “Domestic Computer Installation Data File Coding Manual” (PX 7332), June 1976
16 IDC studies/reports: “United States Computer Installation Data File Management Report” (PX 7333), December 1976
16 IDC studies/reports: “Domestic Computer Installation Data File Coding Manual” (PX 7334), June 1974
16 IDC studies/reports: “Domestic Computer Installation Data File Coding Manual” (PX 7335), June 1977
16 IDC studies/reports: “United States Computer Installation Data File Management Report” (PX 7336), December 1979
16 IDC studies/reports: “United States Computer Installation Data File Coding Manual” (PX 7337), June 1979
16 IDC studies/reports: “United States Computer Installation Data File Coding Manual” (PX 7339), June 1978
16 IDC studies/reports: “Domestic Computer Installation Data File Coding Manual” (PX 7343), June 1975
16 IDC studies/reports: “Briefing Session The Computer Industry” (PX 7345), February 1973
16 IDC studies/reports: “Shares of U.S. General Purpose Computer Systems Market (Percent of If-Sold Installed Value)” Shows figures from 1964-1973 for IBM and its competitors (PX 7350), No date
16 IDC studies/reports: Direct testimony of Dr. Alan K. McAdams (PX 7409), 1977
16 IDC studies/reports: Direct testimony of Dr. Leonard W. Weiss (PX 7410), 1978
Box
17 Direct testimony of Dr. Lee Egan Preston (PX 7411), February 1981
17 “White House Task Force Report on Antitrust Policy” Number 411 (PX 7424), May 1969
17 Tin Cans and Tin Plate: A Study of Competition in Two Related Markets by James W. McKie. Cambridge: Harvard University Press (PX 7426), 1959.
17 The Environment for Systems Programs by Frederic G. Withington. Reading, Massachusetts: Addison-Wesley Publishing Company (PX 7428), 1978.
B. Defendant's Exhibits, 1958-1979
Box
17 IBM's SCAN Forecast Assumption report (DX 1899), February 1970
17 Memorex reports regarding systems program review, hardware and software price and performance, response to marketing issues, overall price and performance, systems program strategy, current and anticipated market position, competitive projections, development program, system plan, and financial analysis (DX 5085), 1971, 1973
17 “Computer White Paper 1976 Edition” published by Japan Information Processing Development Center (DX 8051)
17 Pacific Partnership: United States-Japan Trade, Prospects and Recommendations for the Seventies. Edited by Jerome B. Cohen. Published for Japan Society, Inc. by Lexington Books, D.C. Health and Company (DX 8052), 1972
Box
18 IBM Management Briefing notebook written by Thomas J. Watson, Jr., Vin Learson, and Frank Cary describing aspects of personnel policy: Christmas cards, employee recognition, smugness, beards, liquor policy, vacations, courtesy, corporate bigness, off-the-job behavior, hiring practices, and tuition refund plan (DX 8886), 1958-1977
18 IBM monthly report on compatible processors (DX 9410), November 1979
18 IBM report “Japanese Computer Manufacturers” produced by the Marketing Analysis Center (DX 9414), December 1978
18 Diebold reports/studies: “Casebook Organization and Systems Changes in a Distributed Environment” (DX 14707), June 1977
18 Diebold reports/studies: “Polyprocessor Architecture -- Fourth Generation Breakthrough” (DX 14708), October 1972
18 Diebold reports/studies: “Advances in Data Base Management Systems -- 1977” (DX 14709), October 1977
18 Diebold reports/studies: “Office Information Systems” (DX 14710), April 1978
18 Diebold reports/studies: “The Implications of Converging Computer and Communications Technology” (DX 14711), August 1977
18 Diebold reports/studies: “Technological Innovations Studies Firmware” (DX 14712), September 1969
C. Joint Exhibits, 1964-1980
Box
18 Joint glossary of EDP terms compiled by technical experts for IBM and the Department of Justice (JX 1), July 1975
18 IBM's authorized federal supply schedule price list for IBM punch card machine service and electronic data processing machine service (JX 17), 1965-1966
18 IBM “Attachments to Appendix B to System 360 Stipulation, 1964” (JX 38)
18 IBM product announcement for 3850 Mass Storage System (JX 39), October 1974
18 Stipulations filed in U.S. District Court in U.S. v. IBM. (JX 40-60), 1977-1980
D. Court Exhibit, 1975
Box
18 Letter to Chief Judge David N. Edelstein to C.W. Spangle, executive vice president of Honeywell, concerning information about the Computer and Business Equipment Manufacturers Association. Spangle testified in U.S. v. IBM and Judge Edelstein requested that he familiarize himself with the information (Court Exhibit 4), 1975
E. Exhibit Indexes, 1934-1951
Box
19 Three indexes. One is a plaintiff's index for December 1934-March 1979 (PX 1-6197) and is arranged chronologically by date of document, alphabetically by date of document, and numerically by exhibit number. Two indexes cover both plaintiff and defendant exhibits; one is alphabetical by title of document or company, the other is chronological by date of document. Both of these indexes cover (PX 1-7484, DX 1-9443A), December 1934-1981
II. Testimony and transcripts, 1977-1981
Scope and Content
Testimony and transcripts from the court case containing testimony of economic consultants acting as witnesses for IBM and the government. Both are incomplete and represent only a small portion of the amount produced by the case.
A. Direct Testimony, 1980-1981
Box
20 Witnesses include Franklin M. Fisher, Carl Kaysen, Richard B. Mancke, Alan K. McAdams, and James W. McKie, 1980-1981
B. Corrected Court Transcripts, 1977-1981
Box
21 Alan K. McAdams, pages 60153, 60250-60261, 60456, 60490-60497, October 3, 1977
21 Leonard W. Weiss, pages 69597-71127, March-April 1978
21 Lee Egan Preston, pages 71128-71653, April 1978
21 Arthur Northrup, pages 82190, 82227, 82232, 82233, October 26, 1978
21 Frederic G. Withington, pages 112808-112951, June 9, 1980
Box
22 Leonard W. Weiss, pages 169-561, January 31-February 1, 1981
22 Lee Egan Preston, pages 382-733, February 14, 1981
22 U.S. v. IBM trial chronology containing date, name of witness, and transcript page numbers
22 District Judge David N. Edelstein. It contains correspondence between Robert L. Erickson (vice president for Legal Matters of the Memorex Corporation) and William F. Baxter regarding the appearance of impropriety regarding Baxter's position as a consultant to IBM. pages 114478-114493, March 2, 1982,
III. Legal papers: U.S. v. IBM, 1973-1982
Scope and Content
Includes memoranda, motions, affidavits, briefs, opinions, complaints, answers, and petitions generated for the case by the plaintiff, defendant, and Judge Edelstein. These papers document such topics as IBM seeking to recuse Judge Edelstein, IBM contesting the government's reopening of discovery, the government's economioc analysis of the market for general purpose electronic digital computer systems, the plaintiff's statement of triable issues, and assistant attorney general Baxter's prior involvement as a legal consultant to IBM. Missing legal papers generated for the case.
Box
22 Brief for the U.S. on Rehearing En Banc, March 1973
22 Memorandum -- U.S. Seeking Order Compelling IBM to Comply with Court's Pretrial Order No. 1, March 1973
22 Opinion of Chief Judge Edelstein, regarding U.S. Seeking Order Adjudging IBM to be in Civil Contempt, August 1973
22 Plaintiff's Statement of Triable Issues, September 1974
22 Pretrial Brief for the U.S, October 1974
22 Economic Analysis of the Market for General Purpose Electronic Digital Computer Systems (plaintiff), December 1974
22 Amended Complaint by the U.S, January 1975
22 Stipulation of Fact, System 360, May 1975
22 U.S. Answers to Interrogatories, August 1975
22 Additional Answers to Interrogatories Addressed to Plaintiff (set II), August 1976
22 Affidavit of Thomas D. Barr, July 1977
22 Memorandum in Support of the Government's Motion for Reimbursement Pursuant to Rule 37, December 1977
22 Affidavit of Coleman, et. al (IBM directors), July 1979
22 Memorandum in Opposition to IBM's Affidavit Seeking to Recuse Chief Judge Edelstein, August 1979
22 Memorandum regarding IBM's affidavit seeking recusal, September 1979
22 Response of the U.S. to Petition for Extraordinary Writ, September 1979
22 Reply Memorandum of Petitioner IBM, October 1979
22 In re. IBM's petition for recusal, October 1979
22 Appendices 1-26 to IBM affidavit to recuse Chief Judge Edelstein, circa 1979
22 Opinion of Circuit Judge William Hughes Mulligan, circa 1980
22 Notice of Motion, Motion, and Affidavit of Philip M. Stern for Leave to Appear as Amicus Curiae; Memorandum of Points and Authorities, March 1982
22 Written Comments in Amicus Curiae of Carpenter Radio Company Regarding a News Release on IBM Settlement, March 1982
22 Plaintiff's Memorandum on Market Definition for Antitrust Purposes, undated
22 Brief Index to Defendant's Pretrial Brief, undated
22 Appendix to Response of United States of America to Petition for Writ of Mandamus, undated
IV. Department of Justice records, 1963-1982
Scope and Content
This series was primarily generated by or used by the U.S. Department of Justice for the case. Findings of Fact (1981) were compiled by the economic staff at the Antitrust Division using transcripts, exhibits, IBM documents, testimony, computer industry studies, and narrative statements to strengthen the government's position that IBM was a monopoly in the prosecution of the case. Additional Department of Justice records include reports and memos and deposition summaries (1971-1974) of witnesses for U.S. v. IBM and several other cases in which IBM was a defendant. The summaries include background information of the deponent's career, information on exhibits generated by or for the deponent, and a recap of the deponent's testimony.
Access Restrictions
Subject to a 25-year time seal.
A. Findings of Fact, 1981
Box
23 Batch 1: Rooney; Laurence L. Spitters; Max E. Femmer; Robert Dewey Schmidt; Warren Lee; Jack James; Stephen J. Jatras; Jane C. Pfeiffer; Edward E. Strickland; Stephen W. Dunwell; Richard A. Whitcomb; Donald E. Hart; Kenneth E. Haughton; Bob O. Evans; Berton M. Hochfield; Thomas M. Liptak; William M. Clapp; and John Navas
23 Batch 2: Robert L. Brueck; Henry Rosovsky; Model 44; Louis Robinson; James H. Binger; Richard C. Andreini; G. Harry Ashbridge; Edwin S. McCollister; Arjay Miller; H.E. Cooley; Raymond J. Dubrowski; Ernest S. Highes; and John W. Weil
23 Batch 3: Thomas J. Watson, Jr.; Professor Sapienza; Robert J. Pickle; Otis S. Page; O.M. Scott; R.T. Sells; Neal A. Sullivan, Mr. Welke; James V. Williamson; Thomas Spain; Howard Figueroa; James P. McDermott; Robert W. DeSio; Thomas E. Gardner; Gideon I. Gartner; R.W. Armstrong; G.B. Beitzel; Gordon R. Brown; D.D. Allen; Paul Knaplund; Frank Miller Heinzmann; J.J. Forese; Anthony L. Conrad; Richard H. Bullen; Hilary A. Faw; J.P. Maurer; C. Arthur Northrop; and Andrew Martin Jakes
23 Batch 4: Frederick Scherer; Paul C. Smith; IBM System/360 Model 67 as a Fighting Machine; John W. Gibson, Jr.; Harvey Cohen; John Presper Eckert; Sidney Fernbach; D. James Guzy; Warren C. Hume; Nicholas C. Metropolis; Reginald H. Jones; Howard J. Pier; Robert S. Oelman; Louis J. Teti; Alvin C. Rice; Max Palevsky; Jack Harley King; John W.C. Lacey; John L. Ingersoll; Clarence W. Spangle; Winston R. Hindle; Warren E. Buffett; William E. Terry; Paul T. Cochlan; Rigdon Currei; and Warren C. Hume
23 Batch 5: David Bangle; R.L. Custard; Rion G. Day; Robert E. Justice; Delbert Lee Shoemaker; Vernon Orville Wright; H. Dale Wyngarden; Jay D. Folger; William C. Norris; G. Berry McCarter; John R. Opel; Arthur D. Beard; and Paul C. Vilandre
23 Batch 6: Leonard W. Weiss; Jesse Issa Aweida; Stephen J. Butters; Frederick P. Brooks, Jr.; Jerry A. Enfield; Gary B. Friedman; Abraham Briloff; Richard M. Bloch; H. Dean Brown; Merl T. Hague; James M. Hewitt; David Hyde Hill; John J. Hangen; Eugene L. Kuykendall; Ray W. Macdonald; John G. Mascho; Sidney Davidson; Robert S. Jackson; John L. Jones; Robert E. McDonald; James Ray Vaughan; James J. O'Neill; Alan J. Perlis; Ralph A. Pfeiffer, Jr.; Lee Egan Preston; Francis G. Rodgers; James F. Welch; and Frederic G. Withington
23 Batch 7: Robert P. Crago; Gerard T. Fassig; D.M. Sturges; John Douglass McGrew; and Martin R. Goetz
23 Batch 8: Ralph E. Gomory; Robert B. Dunlop; John F. Akers; and Jonathan G. Powers
23 Batch 9: Memory; Model 90; Market Measurement; Market Evaluation; Guilty Knowledge; Internal Reports; Yardstick; System/360; QPLA; Financial Documents; Leasing Companies; Educational Allowance; and Peripheral Document
Box
24 Barriers to Entry; Bundling; Conduct Issues: Leasing Companies, Peripherals; IBM's Anticompetitive Conduct PCMM's; IBM's System/360 as a Fighting Machine; IBM's System/360 Models 44, 67, and 90 as Fighting Machines; Robert S. Jackson, and Market Definition
Box
25 Market Measurement; Premature Announcement of System/360; Skill, Foresight and Industry; Withington Publication Findings and Reports
B. Reports, Studies, Notes, and Memos, 1963-1982
Box
25 Abbreviations and Explanations, undated
25 Appraisal of U.S. v. IBM,Part II: Analysis of IBM's Defense, undated
25 Army Multi-Modal Computer Operations, undated
25 William F. Baxter Press Conference Transcript, January 1982
25 Briefing Book (Draft) Rebutting Public Statements by IBM, June 1979
25 Briefing Book (Q & A) Rebutting Public Statements by IBM, June 1979
25 Bundling Facts, undated
25 Competition and Interface Standards, 1975
25 Computer Companies -- Revenue and Income, 1970-1981, undated
25 December 10, 1981 Meeting Issues, December 1981
25 Diebold Study, October 1980
25 Direct Evidence of IBM's Power and IBM Functional Pricing, 1981
25 Domestic/World Production/Location, undated
25 Drafting Cary Findings, April 1980
25 Economic Narratives: Withington Reports, November 1980
25 Economists' Narrative Statements, 1980
25 Evolution: General Purpose Computer Systems, 1981-1982
25 Existence of Monopoly Power, undated
Box
26 Focusing Memorandum on Market Definition for Minitrial, 1981
26 Guilty Knowledge, 1979
26 Hardware Characteristics, undated
26 Honeywell Data Management Systems, circa 1974
26 IBM Anti-Competitive Marketing Practices -- Brueck Deposition, 1975
26 IBM's Conduct (Bundling, Fighting Machines, Lease Market, Educational Allowances, and Peripherals Market), June 1980
26 IBM DOS/VS, undated
26 IBM Memorandum and Appendices re. Session with Department of Justice, November 1981
26 IBM's Objections to Plaintiff's Exhibits, March 1981
26 IBM Product Actions, 1964-1980, 1980
26 IBM QPLA Quotations, 1968-1971, undated
26 IDC's Analysis of Commercial Computer Systems, circa 1980
26 Indexes: Department of Justice Disks, IDC and Diebold Studies, undated
26 Interim Report on the Liability Case, June 1980
26 Inventory of Withington Client Studies, undated
26 Issues Raised by Recusal Affidavit, July 1979
26 The Madrid Story, undated
26 Market for General Purpose Computer Systems, February 1981
26 Market Measurement, 1981
26 Memo for the Attorney General, January 1982
26 Memorex v. IBM Communications Issue Summary, 1976
26 MIT and Forrester Patent, 1963-1976
26 Monopoly Power, 1979
26 Monopoly Profitability, undated
26 Alan K. McAdams, 1981-1982
26 McKie Testimony and the FCC, 1980
Box
27 NCR, 1974
27 Overview Analysis of U.S. v. IBM , July 1979
27 Plaintiff's Rebuttal Case, December 1980
27 Problematic Aspects of the Government's Economic Case, June 1980
27 Project SMASH Pricing of 155-158, undated
27 Questions for Witnesses, 1978-1979
27 Relief and Divestiture, 1970-1980
27 Software Lock-in, November 1981
27 Staff Reply to WTF/Spence Report, April 1981
27 Systems Definition, 1977
27 System Software and Market Definition, October 1980
C. Deposition Summaries, 1971-1974
Box
27 George B. Beitzel; Erich Bloch; Frank C. Cary; Robert W. De Sio; Howard G. Figueroa; Jay D. Folger; J.J. Forese; John W. Gibson; Berton M. Hochfeld; Robert W. Hubner; R.E. Imershein; Ed T. Johnson; Paul Knaplund; Eugene L. Kuykendall; Thomas Vincent Learson; Philip J. LaVeau; Gilbert Larry McCarter; Dean R. McKay; Otis Page; Ralph A. Pfeiffer, Jr.; Howard J. Pier; James I. Serota; William Kent Savage; Edward Shahinian; Wesley R. Siebert; D.M. Sturges; Gene J. Takahashi; William G. Thornton; Thomas J. Watson, Jr.; Richard A. Whitcomb; H.D. Wyngarden; and Morton Zeman
V. IBM records, 1962-1979
Scope and Content
Contains documents generated by IBM that were not listed as exhibits. They include IBM business conduct policies guide; company studies on International Computers Ltd. and Sperry Rand; Data Processing Division Administrative Terms; Greybooks containing data on various IBM computers; memos on market share, adjustments, remote computing strategy, data entry strategy, new applications for System/370, and fixed term plan; presentations to IBM board of directors; product announcements and prices; sales manuals; and information on assets and billings, production descriptions, leasing and manufacturing strategy.
Box
28 “Business Conduct Policies: Responsibilities and Guide”, 1962
28 “A Company Study of International Computers Ltd”, July 1968
28 “A Company Study of the Sperry Rand Corporation”, August 1966
28 “Data Processing Division Administrative Terms”, September 1962
28 “Distributed Data Processing,” by A.L. Scherr in IBM System Journal volume 17, number 4, 1978
28 “A Distributed Information Study,” by K. Ziegler, Jr. in IBM Systems Journal volume 18, number 3, 1979
28 “Distributed Processing: An Assessment,” by H. Lorin in IBM Systems Journal volume 18, number 4, 1979
28 Greybook 1, Contains historical data through 1965 on 7000's and 1400's, March 1967
28 Greybook 2, Contains historical data on 360's and projections for 1967-1973, April 1968
28 Greybook 3, Contains historical data through 1967 on 1100's, 1400's, and 360's, May 1969
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29 Greybook 4, Contains historical data through 1968 on 1100's, 1800's, and 360's, September 1970
29 “Historical Asset and Billing File”, 1966-1970
29 “Historical Data”, 1960-1970
29 “IBM Machines,” product descriptions, 1970-1973
29 IBM Production to Department of Justice, Files of R. Dunlop, 1972-1978
29 “IBM/1985 Study Group Report”, 1970
29 “Japanese Competitive Systems and Technology Computer Posture”, March 1973
29 Leasing Company Information, 1967-1970
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30 Memos, Topics include market share, adjustments, remote computing strategy, data entry strategy, profit responsibilities for CPU's, new applications for System/370, and fixed term plan, 1969-1972
30 “Manufacturing Strategy”, July 1972
30 Narrative Statement for U.S. v. IBM containing IBM's history and the company's view of the data processing industry from the 1940s through the late 1970s. Written by Richard B. Mancke (history of the 1950s), Franklin M. Fisher (the 1960s), and James W. McKie (the 1970s), it later was edited and published as IBM and the U.S. Data Processing Industry: An Economic History (New York: Praeger Publishers, It cites transcripts, plaintiff and defendant exhibits from the suit, 1983, circa 1980
30 R.A. Pfeiffer, Jr.'s presentation to IBM Board of Directors, February 1972
30 Product Announcements, 1978-1979
30 Product Announcements and Prices, 1964-1975
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31 “Sales Manual", 1971
31 “SDD Communication Systems Strategy”, September 1973
31 Strategy Principles class notes, April 1976
31 “A Study of Recognition Equipment Incorporation”, June 1970
31 Task Force Reports and Executive Reviews, 1973
31 “1970-1977 Plan -- Goals and Business Volumes”, November 1970
VI. Computer industry reports/studies, 1956-1980
Scope and Content
This series contains reports and studies generated by computer consulting companies such as Arthur D. Little, Inc (1956-1980); Diebold Group (1960-1978); and International Data Corporation (IDC) (1967-1980). These reports and studies cover a wide variety of electronic data processing-​related topics and contain information on memory, peripherals, leasing, maintenance, the market, disk drives, the computer industry, forecasts, and IBM products.
A. Arthur D. Little, Inc, 1956-1980
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31 “Applications, Performance, and Potential of Random-Access Mass Memories”, September 1967
31 “Business Communications, 1975-1985”, May 1975
31 “The Data Communications Market in the United States”, September 1966
31 “Economic and Technical Trends in Computers During the 1970's. Report to Bell Telephone Laboratories”, June 1969
31 “EDP and the European Electronics Industry”, November 1964
31 “The Electronic Data Processing Industry”, 1956
31 “The Electronic Data Processing Industry in Europe”, August 1967
31 “Electronics and Information Technology Symposium”, October 1962
31 “Electronics Industry”, May 1961
31 “Fast Response Data-Based Systems. Volume Two: Technical Appendices”, October 1968
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32 “A Forecast of the Economic Value of ITEL's System/360 Inventory”, April 1971
32 “IBM Policies Regarding the Availability of Computer Software. Report to Fujitsu Limited”, July 1972
32 “IBM Small Systems Users. Report to UNIVAC Division Sperry Rand Corporation”, April 1973
32 “The Impact of Digital Computing on the Process Control Instrumentation Industry”, July 1967
32 “Industry Comment” newsletter, January 1962-December 1976
32 “Interim Memorandum” newsletter, October 1960-June 1961, January 1962
32 “Large Scale Systems Study. Report to Honeywell Information Systems Inc”, March 1974
32 “New Electric Positioning Systems”, February 1969
32 “The Next Five Years -- The Computer Industry”, June 1963
32 “Numerically Controlled Machine Tools”, November 1967
“Outlook for Automated Composition Systems through 1980”, June 1976
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32 “Outlook for Computer Terminals in a Changing Competitive Environment”, December 1975
32 “Outlook for Data Base Publishing”, December 1973
32 “Outlook for Electronic Data Processing”, September 1962
32 “Outlook for Minicomputer-Based Business Systems”, April 1974
32 “Outlook for Minicomputers 1969-1974”, March 1970
32 “Outlook for Selected Office Equipment Products Through 1980”, April 1976
32 “Outlook for the CATV Industry Through 1985”, December 1976
32 “Proposed Marketing and Product Strategies for a UNIVAC sub-unified Product Line (SUL)”, August 1973
32 “Significant Computer Design Trends”, December 1963
32 “The World Computer Industry: 1978-1983”, April 1979
32 “The World Computer Industry: 1979-1984”, January 1980
32 Draft material regarding IBM's large processor announcement and price changes for Industry Comment Letter, April 1977
32 Excerpts from Frederic Withington's book on current market definition, 1976
B. Diebold Group, 1960-1978
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33 “Communications and Input/Output Advances, Volume II, Technical Supplement” 4th quarter report, 1964-1973, July 1964
33 “Computer-Assisted Manufacturing Implications for ADP Management”, July 1972
33 “Criteria for Evaluating the Performance of the Operations Function”, June 1974
33 “Criteria for Evaluating the Productivity of ADP Operations”, October 1970
33 “Data Base Design Considerations”, January 1975
33 “Hardware/Software Evaluation Techniques”, December 1969
33 “IBM Corporation Network Architecture and Intelligent Switches for Establishment-Level Business Communications”, May 1978
33 “IBM Study of Computer User Attitudes”, August 1960
33 “Impact of Information Technology on Railroad Operations”, July 1965
33 “Information Dissemination” research manual, 1974
33 “Integrated Management Information Systems and Management Decision-Making”, No date
33 “Investment in Management Information Systems -- 1972”, July 1973
33 “Investment in Management Information Systems -- 1972”, September 1973
33 “Management Implications of the New Technology”, June 1965
33 “The Marketing Data Base”, January 1968
33 “New Corporate Opportunities Resulting From Developments in Communications”, September 1974
33 “Senior Management Briefing, 1977”, December 1977
33 “Software-Systems”, January 1973
33 “The Value of Information: Status of Current Research”, November 1976
33 Articles (newspaper and magazine) “Japan Clippings to be Filed” in Diebold files, 1972-1975
33 Fragments of Diebold reports and studies, 1963-1978
C. International Data Corporation (IDC), 1967-1980
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34 “Acceptance of the IBM Series/1”, May 1979
34 “Annual Review: The Computer Industry 1971”, April 1972
34 “Application-Unique Terminals”, April 1978
34 “Briefing Session for Financial Analysts. The Computer Industry: Where it's Headed in the 1970's”, February 1970
34 “Briefing Session, The Computer Industry”, 1974
34 “Centralized Printer and Forms Market, Volume I”, June 1976
34 “Centronics and the Low-Speed Printer Market”, May 1976
34 “Commercial Analysis: Computer Manufacturers”, March 1972
34 “Computer Applications and their Implementation”, August 1969
34 “The Computer Industry: 1976”, March 1976
34 “The Computer Industry: 1977”, February 1977
34 “Computer Mainframe Manufacturers Commercial Analysis Report”, May 1973, April 1974
34 “Computer Output Microfilm Market”, January 1973, May 1979
34 “The Computer-Related Micrographics Market”, circa 1970
34 “Corporate Planning Service Seminar”, May 1971
34 “Data Base Management Software Package Market in the United States”, September 1974
34 “Data Capture Equipment”, July 1970
34 “Data Capture in the Computer Market”, circa 1969
34 “Data Center Market Research Project”, October 1967
34 “Data Communications Equipment”, January 1973
34 “Data Communications Equipment Data Book”, December 1979
34 “The Data Communications Terminal Market”, February 1969
34 “Data Entry”, February 1972
34 “Dedicated Application Computers”, circa 1970
34 “Distributed Processing”, December 1978
34 “The EDP Industry Data Book”, December 1968
34 “EDP Industry Reference Book 1978”, October 1979
34 “EDP Outlook -- 8/71-6/72”, circa 1971
34 “EDP: 1975 A Time of Uncertainty”, May 1975
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35 “Electronic Mail: Current and Future Use”, January 1980
35 “Facsimile Market Forecast”, March 1979
35 “Facsimile Technology and Vendor Strategies”, April 1979
35 “Factors Influencing Computer Systems Conversion”, June 1970
35 “Factory Data Collection”, January 1978
35 “Final Report: The Study of the Future Status of the Use of Computers, Peripherals, and Terminal Equipment in the United States”, January 1975
35 “Floppy Drive Market”, December 1974
35 “Growth of Printer and Continuous Forms Markets”, August 1976
35 “IBM Data Book, 1980”, November 1980
35 “IBM's DDP Products: Product Analysis and User Reactions”, undated
35 “IBM Fixed Media Disk Drives (3344 and 3350)”, August 1976
35 “IBM Software Environment”, February 1981
35 “IBM Tape Drives and the 3850”, August 1976
35 “The IBM 2305 User”, November 1978
“IBM 3270 Information Display”, circa October 1974
“The IBM 3330 Disk Drive Marketplace”, November 1974
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35 “The IBM 3420 Magnetic Tape Unit”, December 1974
35 “The IBM 360/370 Third-Party Leasing Market 1970-1976”, July 1977
35 “IBM 360/370/303X Migration”, August 1979
35 “IBM 360/303X Leasing”, December 1978
35 “IBM 3767 and 3770 Terminals”, July 1977
35 “IBM 3740 and 3760/3790 Data Entry Alternatives”, April 1977
35 “The IBM 3850 Mass Storage System”, October 1975
35 “IDC Data Book”, July 1975
35 “The Independent Memory Market”, June 1974, March 1976
35 “The Independent Packaged Software Market”, March 1979
35 “Independent Peripheral Manufacturers”, June 1971
35 “Independent Peripheral Marketplace”, September 1970, January 1973
35 “Independent Peripheral Markets”, August 1973
35 “Independent Peripherals”, August 1973
35 “Independent Peripherals Marketplace Summary for RCA”, circa 1970
35 “Independent Peripherals -- The Plug-Compatible Market”, November 1970
35 “Industry Forecast”, August 1970
35 “Information Processing at Large Organizations”, November 1979
35 “Intelligent Copier/Printer”, May 1979
35 “Japanese Computer Marketplace”, 1974
35 “Keys to Profitability in the Computer Services and Software Industries”, September 1978
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36 “Leasing and Used Equipment”, November 1970
36 “Leasing/Used Systems”, December 1970
36 “Managerial Involvement in Word Processing at Large Corporations”, October 1978
36 “Market Definition and Market Measurement -- Module I”, 1976
36 “The Market for Tape and Disk Drives Used on System 360, 370 Computers 1967-1974”, 1975
36 “The Media Marketplace”, January 1975
36 “Memory Equipment”, June 1970, April 1972
36 “Minicomputer Marketplace", August 1977, August 1978
36 “The Minicomputer/Miniperipheral Market”, December 1975, August 1976
36 “Minicomputer Systems”, circa 1972
36 “Minicomputers: The Impact on Large Organizations”, June 1977
36 “Multifunction Office Products: IBM's 3730 Graphic Sciences' Dexnet”, November 1978
36 “Non-Impact Inkjet Printer Market Study”, circa 1975
36 “The Nonimpact Printer at Central Computer Sites”, September 1978
36 “OEM Markets: A Business Opportunity Briefing”, 1979
36 “A One Day Briefing Session for the Financial Community”, February 1972
36 “An Overview of Facsimile”, February 1979
36 “Preliminary Proposals”, 1975, 1976
36 “Product/Market Forecast Report for Programmable Terminal Controllers”, April 1975
36 “Proposal. Worldwide IBM System/360 Leasing Market”, March 1974
36 “Remote Data Base Services”, April 1979
36 “Remote Data Entry/Communications Equipment”, November 1975
36 “Residual Values of IBM 370 Systems”, November 1976
36 “Semiconductor Markets, 1975-1980”, September 1974
36 “The Small Business Computer Marketplace, 1975-1980”, April 1976
36 “Small Computer Marketplace”, June 1980
36 “Small Site Output”, September 1976
36 “SNA and the User... A Troubled Marriage?”, November 1978
36 “Sponsor's Coding Interpretation Manual for the United States Computer Installation Data File”, December 1970
36 “Statistical Analysis -- IBM Disk and Tape Drives Markets”, August 1974
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37 “Statistical Reference Book IBM Disk and Tape Drive Markets”, May 1975, June 1977, December 1978
37 “The Study of the Future Status of the Use of Computer, Peripherals, and Terminal Equipment in the United States”, January 1975
37 “Superminicomputer Marketplace Analysis 1980-1985”, December 1980
37 “Survey of Influential Users of Large-Scale System 370 Computers”, April 1976
37 “Tales of a Payments System Revolution: Electronic Funds Transfer and the Banking Industry in Review”, 1976
37 “Teleconferencing”, September 1979
37 “Teleprocessing”, January 1973
37 “Teleprocessing Applications”, September 1972, March 1976
37 “Third Party Maintenance”, circa 1978
37 “Third-Party Migration”, August 1972
37 “Unit Record Equipment”, circa 1971
37 “The Unit Record Equipment Marketplace”, January 1971
37 “Unit Set Forms Market”, May 1979
37 “United States Computer Installation Data File Management Report”, June 1980
37 “U.S. Intelligent Terminal Market (Present Status and Future Trends”, November 1974
37 “U.S. Microfiche Printer Market”, November 1973
37 “The Used Computer Marketplace”, June 1979
37 “Will Word Processing and Data Processing Merge?”, November 1978
37 “Winchester -- The IBM 3340/3348”, October 1974
37 “Word Processing Marketplace 1979”, October 1979
37 “The Word Processing Services Market”, May 1979
37 “Worldwide Industry Seminar -- 1977”, 1977
37 “1978 Briefing Session The Computer Industry”, February 1978
37 “1979 Briefing Session The Computer Industry”, February 1979
37 “1979 Japan Computer Industry Briefing Session”, 1979
37 “1980 Computer Industry Briefing Session”, February 1980
37 “360/370 Migration”, August 1972
37 “360/370 Migration -- 1976”, 1976
37 “The 360/370 Plug-Compatible Peripheral Market Tape Drives and Disk Drives”, October 1973
VII. Published articles and reports, 1959-1981
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38 “Administrative and Governmental Intensity: A Study of 190 Belgian Townships,” by Richard T. DeLamarter, 1970
38 Asia's New Giant: How the Japanese Economy Works,edited by Hugh Patrick and Henry Rosovsky. Washington, D.C.: The Brookings Institution, 1976
38 “Capital Formation in Japan,”, undated
38 “Comparative Industries: Japan and the United States in the 1980s,” published by the Japan Society, Inc., 1980
38 “The Computer Industry in Japan and Its Meaning for the United States,” by the Computer Technology/Resources Panel of Computer Science and Engineering Board National Research Council, 1973
38 “Computer Industry: Modularization and Commodity Pricing,” by William D. Easterbrook published by Kidder, Peabody & Co., Inc., December 1977
38 “Computer White Paper,” published by Japan Computer Usage Development Institute, editions, 1970-1972, 1974
38 “Computers: Top Management Appraisal,” papers presented at conference of the British Institute of Management, March 1959
38 “Datapro Newscom” issues published by Datapro Research Corporation, October 1980-June 1981
38 “The Economic Position of Japan: Past, Present and Future,” by Henry Rosovsky in United States International Economic Policy in an Interdependent World. Papers submitted to the Commission on International Trade and Investment Policy and published in conjunction with the Commission's Report to the President, July 1971
38 “EDP Industry Overview,” published by Auerbach Info, Inc., November 1971
38 “Electronic Computers: A Historical Survey,” by Saul Rosen, July 1968
38 “Fourth Generation Systems: Their Nature and Organizational Significance,” by Frederic G. Withington in Computer Law Service, October 1974
38 “Future Computers and Input/Output Devices,” by Frederic G. Withington, undated
38 “IBM: Its Future Impact on the EDP Industry,” by Ulric Weil, published by Morgan Stanley, October 1979
38 “IBM: The Next Five Years,” published by Infotech International Special Events Division, 1978
38 “Information Processing in the United States: A Quantitative Summary,” published by AFIPS Press, circa 1978
38 “Infusion of Technology and the Mysteries of the Catch-up,” by Merton J. Pack for The Brookings Study of the Japanese Economy, August 1974
38 “Innovations in the Operation of Future Computers,” by Frederick G. Withington in National Computer Conference, 1975
38 “Introduction,” by Henry Rosovky in Management and Worker: The Japanese Solution by James C. Abegglen. Tokyo: Kedansha International, Ltd., 1973
38 Japan: The Government-Business Relationship by Eugene J. Kaplan, published by the U.S. Department of Commerce, February 1972
38 “Japanese Capital Formation: The Role of the Public Sector,” by Henry Rosovsky, undated
38 “The Japanese Threat: Courteous Destruction,” published by National Semiconductor Corporation, 1978
38 “Postwar Japanese Growth in Historical Perspective: A Second Look,” by Kazushi Ohkawa and Henry Rosovsky in Economic Growth: The Japanese Experience Since the Meiji Era edited by Lawrence Klein and Kazushi Ohkawa. Homewood, Illinois: Richard D. Irwin, Inc., 1968
38 “Selection and Acquisition of Data Base Management Systems,” by the CODASYL Systems Committee, March 1976
38 “The Semiconductor Industry: A Survey of Structure, Conduct, and Performance,” by Douglas W. Webbink of the Bureau of Economics to the Federal Trade Commission, January 1977
38 “System Development Corporation, Library Catalog, Supplement,”, 1978
38 “The Top 50 Companies in the Data Processing Industry,” by Oscar H.Rothenbuecher, 1976
38 “What Will the Next Generation of Large Computers be Like?,” by Frederic G. Withington, undated
38 “Xerox Network Architecture” Volumes 1-4, by Abhay Bhushan, Gene Fleischer, Robert Jaeger, and William Kane. Issued by Xerox Corporate Information Systems Architecture & Planning, December 1975
VIII. Legal papers: Private litigation with IBM as defendant, 1971-1984
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39 Advanced Memory Systems, Inc., ITEL Memory Equipment Corporation, Itel Computer Leasing Corporation v. IBM, 1971-1972
39 Amdahl International Corporation v. IBM, 1978, 1984
39 California Computer Products, Inc (CalComp) v. IBM, 1976
39 Control Data Corporation (CDC) v. IBM, 1971
39 Greyhound Computer Corporation v. IBM, 1971
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40 ILC Peripherals Leasing Corporation v. IBM and Memorex Corporation, MRX Sales and Service Corporation v. IBM, 1976-1979
40 Telex Corporation and Telex Computer Products, Inc. v. IBM, 1973-1975
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41 Transamerica Computer Company, Inc. v. IBM, 1979
IX. Miscellany, 1968, 1982, undated
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41 Chapter on “Computers” regarding Japan's computer production and usage, undated
41 Handwritten draft “Development and Present State of the Industry in Japan” regarding Japan's computer production and usage, undated
41 “Listing of Manufacturers of Plug Compatible Products Adopted by the Court (F38)”, undated
41 “Memorandum Concerning IBM's Market Power,” a paper favorable to IBM, May 1968
41 Statements made before the Subcommittee on Monopolies and Commercial Law of the House Committee on the Judiciary, 1982 February [Lewis Bernstein (former chief of the Special Litigation Section, Antitrust Division, U.S. Department of Justice); Nicholas deB. Katzenbach (senior vice president and general counsel, IBM) and Thomas D. Barr (attorney with Cravath, Swaine & Moore); and John H. Shenefield (former chairman, National Commission to Review Antitrust Laws and Procedures and former assistant attorney general for Antitrust Division]