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Oral histories on work and daily life in the Brandywine Valley

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Oral histories on work and daily life in the Brandywine Valley

Accession 1970.370

Audiovisual Collections and Digital Initiatives Department, Hagley Museum and Library


PO Box 3630
Wilmington, Delaware, 19807
302-658-2400
askhagley@hagley.org

Finding aid prepared by Abby Adams, Karla Irwin, and Mairead Browne in 2014.,

This finding aid was produced using the Archivists' Toolkit 2017-01-26T13:46-0500

Finding aid prepared using best local practices and Describing Archives: A Content Standard

Cite items for this collection in the following format:
[Description and dates], Box/folder number, Oral histories on work and daily life in the Brandywine Valley (Accession 1970.370), Hagley Museum and Library, Wilmington, DE 19807

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Descriptive Summary

Title: Oral histories on work and daily life in the Brandywine Valley
Dates: 1954-1990
Accession Number: 1970.370
Creator: Eleutherian Mills-Hagley Foundation.
Extent: 5 linear feet
Physical Description: 189 sound cassettes (90 min.) : analog. ; 83 sound tape reels : 3.75 ips. ; 29 sound tape reels : 1.875 ips. ; 1 sound tape reel : 7.5 ips. ; 2 sound cassettes (120 min.) : analog. ; 1 sound cassette (30 min.) : analog. ; 5 sound cassettes (60 min.) : analog.
Language of Material: English
Repository: Hagley Museum and Library: Audiovisual Collections and Digital Initiatives Department
Abstract: The collection comprises approximately 200 oral history interviews with 152 individuals conducted by museum staff between 1954 and 1990. The majority of the individuals interviewed had either worked at the DuPont Company powder yards on Brandywine Creek during the yards’ final decades of operation or had lived in the surrounding communities, although the collection also includes interviews with those who worked in other local industries. The interviews are largely biographical in nature covering a period from about 1900 to 1960 and address a wide range of subjects relating to daily life and work in the Brandywine Valley.
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Administrative Information


Existence and Location of Copies

Interviews and transcripts available online in the Hagley Digital Archives .

Use Restrictions

Copyright held by Hagley Museum and Library.

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Historical Note

Museum staff conducted these oral history interviews between 1954 and 1990. The staff primarily spoke with individuals who had worked at the DuPont Company powder yards on Brandywine Creek during the yards’ final decades of operation or who had lived near the Hagley site as spouses or children of DuPont Co. workers. The interviews address the time period from approximately 1900 to 1960. Others interviewed included Luther D. Reed, the first museum director, as well as former employees or acquaintances of Louise du Pont Crowninshield, the last owner of the Eleutherian Mills residence. Finally, other interviewees were selected for their connections of local historical significance, including a journalist, early broadcaster, and former employees or executives of Hodgson Woolen Mill, Lobdell Car Wheel Company, the Longwood estate, Hoopes Brother & Darlington, and Joseph Bancroft & Sons. The interviews were conducted to support the museum’s programs and interpretation as well as to collect and preserve first-hand accounts of work and daily life in New Castle County, Delaware and Chester County, Pennsylvania in the first decades of the twentieth century.

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Scope and Content

The collection comprises approximately 200 interviews with 152 individuals. Some individuals were interviewed on multiple occasions over the course of months or years. The interviews are largely biographical in nature and address a wide range of subjects relating to life and work in the Brandywine Valley during the early twentieth century.

Amongst those with direct ties to the DuPont Company and its Brandywine Creek powder yards, common interview themes include the landscape of the yards, wages and hours, explosions, daily work responsibilities, camaraderie amongst employees, employee recreation, and their relationship with their employers.

Aside from the work life at the DuPont Company, the interviews address the social and cultural lives of those living in the following communities surrounding the mills on Brandywine Creek: Breck's Lane, Charles Banks, Chicken Alley, Free Park, Henry Clay Village, Long Row, Rising Sun Lane, Squirrel Run, Wagoner's Row, Walker's Banks, and Upper Banks. The interviews delve into the community life and identity of the interviewees, touching on such subjects as holiday traditions, medical care, local colloquialisms, courtship and marriage, immigration, childhood, education, religion, mercantile shops and merchants, transportation, and recreational activities such as sledding, swimming, ice skating, sports, local clubs, and church events. Some interviews mention the impact of specific local and national events, such as explosions at the powder yards, political elections, and Prohibition.

The interviews also provide detailed descriptions of the domestic labor of all members of the interviewee’s household, including meal preparation, sewing and other handicrafts, shopping trips, laundry, soap making, gardening, sanitation, and maintenance of hygiene. The interviews further include descriptions of furnishings and interior and exterior household architecture.

The former employees of Louise du Pont Crowninshield interviewed include a former secretary, carpenter, groundskeeper of Eleutherian Mills, a gardener who had worked for the Crowninshield family in Massachusetts, and a chauffeur who had worked in both Delaware and Boca Grande, Florida. Their interviews describe their work and include perceptions of their employer. Interviews with Crowninshield’s niece and a cousin by marriage focus largely on their relationships with Crowninshield.

In his interviews, Luther D. Reed, the first director of the Hagley Museum, recollects events surrounding the formation of the Eleutherian Mills-Hagley Foundation and the original construction of the Hagley Museum. He also describes his earlier career with the Dupont Company in multiple roles at various locations, including Gibbstown, New Jersey; Hopewell, Virginia; Arlington, New Jersey; and Wilmington, Delaware.

The collection also includes interviews with individuals connected with other local industries. This includes interviews with two former executives of Joseph Bancroft & Sons, Co., whose textile finishing plant was located downstream from the DuPont powder yards on Brandywine Creek. They primarily discuss management strategy and decisions between the 1920s and the company's sale to Indian Head Mills, Inc. in 1961. Other interviews address the work environment and corporate history of the Lobdell Car Wheel Company, working life at the Hodgson Woolen Mill, and the manufacture of wagon wheels at Hoopes Brother & Darlington in West Chester, Pennsylvania. In his interview, Willard S. Wilson details his career as a radio personality and broadcast journalist in the Wilmington area. An interview with a local journalist, Frederick K. Reybold, describes the newspaper business in Wilmington.

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Series Descriptions and Inventory

E.G. Ackart, 1961 September 14
sound tape reel : 3.75 ips. TRT 1:46:40.
Box 1, Reel 1
Scope and Content
Interviewer: Norman B. Wilkinson and unidentified participant
E.G. Ackart recounts his working career at DuPont in his interview. He discusses anecdotes from high school, differences in working for DuPont vs. other companies, the Barksdale plant, and the structure of the engineering department and its consolidation in 1916. He also describes the company during wartime, his various colleagues throughout his working career, the development of industrial engineering, and the relationship between DuPont and General Motors. He also discusses the development of nylon, rayon, and other important materials, including how DuPont's chemists and physicists utilized ideas they found working abroad to create them. He recounts building new plants and his interactions with members of the du Pont family.
W. Stewart Allmond, 1969 June 10, July 3
1 sound tape reel : 3.75 ips. TRT 2:53:49.
Box 2, Reel 31
Existence and Location of Copies
Transcript available.
Biographical Note
William Stewart Allmond (1891-1973) grew up in Newark and Wilmington, Delaware, and educated in mechanical engineering at Delaware College, later the University of Delaware. He eventually became the vice president of Lobdell Car Wheel Company, the family business on his mother's side.
Scope and Content
Interviewers: John Scafidi and Faith Pizor in Newark, Delaware
Allmond's interviews detail the work environment at the Wilmington plant site in the early 1900s until the 1940s; various markets for car wheels; the expansion of the company and acquisition of Morton Poole Company and Nazel Engineering Works; and the effects of the Great Depression on Lobdell, which led to the company's purchase by Walter Lippincott and the United Engineering and Foundry Company in the late 1940s.
Walter Aurand, 1981 May 14
sound cassette (90 min.) : analog. TRT 1:21:56.
Box 4, Cassette 87
Existence and Location of Copies note
Transcript available.
Biographical Note
Walter Aurand (b. 1891) was a chemist at the Experimental Station from 1915 to 1917 who worked making tracer and incendiary bullets.
Scope and Content
Interviewer: Dorothy Tremaine in Wilmington, Delaware
Influenced by his high school teacher and educated in chemistry at the University of Delaware, Walter describes life in Wilmington during the early twentieth century. His interview details a work atmosphere at DuPont, a powder explosion that killed three women, testing the bullets in New Castle, and safety in the workplace.
Edward Bader, 1956 November 23
sound tape reel : 3.75 ips. TRT 1:07:05.
Box 2, Reel 32
Existence and Location of Copies note
Transcript available.
Biographical Note
Edward Bader (b. 1872) was a machinist at Hagley, hired directly by Francis G. du Pont, who was impressed with his looks and his drive. Bader helped to build Centennial Gate in 1902 as well as the gasoline locomotive.
Scope and Content
Interviewers: Joseph P. Monigle and Norman B. Wilkinson
Bader's interview offers details on many aspects of workers' lives in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, including pay rates, the workers' homes, and the conditions in the laboratory. He recounts many different explosions, including the 1906 explosion that killed "Buck" Buchanan, the 1908 Press Room Explosion, the Packing House Explosion, one that occurred in the mill, and another that occurred in 1915. His interview also details his impressions of various members of the du Pont family, including Francis G., Lammot, Alfred I., Pierre S., Alexis, and Francis I.
Charles A. Baldo, 1984 July 18
1 sound cassette (90 min.) : analog. TRT 1:14:14.
Box 4, Cassette 88
Existence and Location of Copies
Transcript available.
Scope and Content
Interviewer: Dorothy Johnson in Wilmington, Delaware
Charles A. Baldo describes the company house rented for $3.50/month in Walker's Banks in which his grandfather, Giacomo ("Jockamo") Baldo (b. 1885), a powder mill worker, and his wife, Mathilda de Loretto Baldo, lived. The Baldos were immigrants from Rome, Italy, and they never learned English, but had congenial relationships with their neighbors. Baldo describes the garden and its herbs and vegetables in detail, as well as the layout of the house, including the shed and outhouse outside, the coal and wood burning stove, and the dirt floors in the cellar. Baldo describes his childhood visiting his parents, including sledding and playing ball and tag with other kids at the mill and swimming and fishing in the Brandywine. He details the daily life of workers and their families during the twentieth century.
Charles A. Baldo, 1984 July 18
1 sound cassette (90 min.) : analog. TRT 0:30:13.
Box 4, Cassette 89
Scope and Content
Interviewer: Dorothy Johnson in Wilmington, Delaware
Charles A. Baldo continues description of his grandparents' company house in Walker's Banks. This second part of the interview covers Brandywine floods, home remedies for illnesses, camaraderie among the neighbors, and various organizations that his grandparents belonged to, including the Sons of Italy, baseball teams, and St. Joseph's Church. Baldo also discusses his father, who was a chemist at the Experimental Station.
Existence and Location of Copies
Transcript available.
Harry Barry, 1974 May 1
1 sound cassette (60 min.) : TRT 0:47:06.
Box 6, Cassette 245
Biographical Note
Harry Barry was the gardener for the Crowninshield family in Massachusetts, a position held by his father and grandfather.
Scope and Content
Interviewer: Mary Sam Ward
The relationship between the Barrys and the Crowninshields began around 1871. Barry describes his first meeting with Mrs. Crowninshield after her honeymoon in 1900. They relocated to Wilmington in 1910, where he was present for the restoration of Eleutherian Mills. His interview details his impressions of Louise du Pont Crowninshield, including her discouragement during the redecoration process and philanthropic activities in Boca Grande, as well as her general disposition and enjoyment of flowers and antiquing. There is also a short three minute interview with a former gardener of Mrs. Crowninshield who is unidentified.
Elizabeth Beacom, 1967 May 29
1 sound tape reel : 3.75 ips. TRT 1:14:15.
Box 2, Reel 33
Existence and Location of Copies
Transcript available.
Biographical Note
Elizabeth Beacom (b. 1891) was born into an Irish family who lived in Squirrel Run, near the DuPont Company Hagley Yards area. Her father worked in the DuPont refinery, and later as a watchman after he was injured in an explosion.
Scope and Content
Interviewers: Norman B. Wilkinson and Joseph P. Monigle in Wilmington, Delaware
Ms. Beacom recounts details about her father’s work, life in Squirrel Run, an 1890 explosion, memories of Louise Crowninshield, and her own education and career which included work as Mrs. Crowninshield’s secretary.
Elizabeth Beacom and William H. Buchanan, 1958, 1967
1 sound cassette (90 min.) : analog. TRT 0:30:00 min.
Box 4, Cassette 91
Scope and Content
Beacom recounts details about her father’s work, life in Squirrel Run, an 1890 explosion, memories of Louise Crowninshield, and her own education and career which included work as Mrs. Crowninshield’s secretary.
W.J. Beadle, 1962 June 19
1 sound tape reel: 1.875 ips. TRT 1:45:30.
Box 1, Reel 2
Biographical Note
W.J. Beadle attended MIT for chemical and electrical engineering and then worked for DuPont following graduation and after serving in World War I. He chose the company after a successful internship with another company in the Wilmington area.
Scope and Content
Interviewer: Norman B. Wilkinson
Beadle describes his career with DuPont in the paint operations division, and later the development department and the treasury department. He also describes DuPont's relationship with General Motors, how DuPont acquired different companies and expanded in the 1920s and 1930s, and the motivations of the management, including the trajectory of development within the corporation. He describes the beginnings of DuPont International, his movement to the financial aspect of the business, his impressions of du Pont family members, and developing pension and trust plans.
Chandler Becker
1 sound tape reel: 1.875 ips. TRT 1:02:04.
Box 3, Reel 59
Biographical Note
Chandler Becker was the supervisor of ground maintenance at Eleutherian Mills.
Scope and Content
Interviewer: Mary Sam Ward in Wilmington, Delaware
Becker describes how he was hired as the assistant superintendent of Eleutherian Mills and how Louise du Pont Crowninshield took an interest in him and asked him to be the groundskeeper. He describes the unkempt state of the grounds when he arrived in 1928 and his plans to improve them, as well as how his job has changed over time. He also discusses his impressions of Mrs. Crowninshield, his home along the Brandywine, improvements made to the house throughout the years, and preparations for going to Boca Grande.
Ferdinand D. Bickel, 1959 February 20, 1959 February 27
1 sound tape reel: 3.75 ips. TRT Part 1 - 1:01:54, Part 2 - 1:03:17.
Box 1, Reel 3
Existence and Location of Copies
Transcript available.
Biographical Note
Ferdinand D. Bickel (b. 1892) was a design engineer with the DuPont Company beginning in 1929, later transferring to the explosives department in 1930. Originally from Wisconsin and a graduate of the civil engineering program at the University of Wisconsin, Bickel worked for a steel corporation as a civil engineer and then with the Oliver Iron Mining Company for 13 years before accepting a position at DuPont.
Scope and Content
Interviewers: Norman B. Wilkinson and Joseph P. Monigle in Wilmington, Delaware
Bickel details different developments in the explosives industry, including the development of Duco and Nitramon, the company's explosives training, the DuPont Company culture, and the relationship between branches of the overall organization. He ultimately transferred back to Wilmington in 1944.
Emily Peoples Blackwell, 1970 July 6
1 sound tape reel : 3.75 ips. TRT 0:47:52.
Box 1, Reel 4
Existence and Location of Copies
Transcript available.
Biographical Note
Emily Peoples Blackwell (1887-1979) was the daughter of a powder mill worker, Robert Peoples, and his wife, Mary Ann McElhinney, both immigrants from Ireland. She grew up in a company house in Squirrel Run with her six brothers and sister.
Scope and Content
Interviewers: Jackie A. Hinsley and Mary Sam Ward
Blackwell details various childhood experiences, including playing and sledding in Squirrel Run, paddle boating in the Brandywine, attending Christ Church, and studying at Alexis I. du Pont School and Beacom's Business School. She also discusses interactions with members of the du Pont family, including Alfred I., Bessie G., Madeline, and Louise Crowninshield. Her interview provides details into daily life at Squirrel Run and of powder workers' families.
Emily Peoples Blackwell, 1973
1 sound cassette (90 min.) : analog. TRT 0:51:45. ; 1 sound cassette (30 min.) : analog. TRT 0:03:50.
Box 4, Cassette 93-94
Scope and Content
In the second part of her interview, Blackwell discusses her family history, work as a stenographer at Hagley, and Christmas traditions in Henry Clay Village, including decorating the tree, baking and cooking, and attending church. She also recounts a brief history of the du Pont family as well as how she met her husband.
E.K. Bolton, 19[61] September 14
1 sound tape reel : 3.75 ips. TRT 2:06:24.
Box 1, Reel 1
Biographical Note
E.K. Bolton began working at the Experimental Station in 1915, primarily working with propane and acetone.
Scope and Content
Interviewer: Norman B. Wilkinson
Bolton describes his working career and research in the chemical department, studying organic chemistry in Germany at the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute, and the company during World War I. He also describes various colleagues during his career. He also discusses the state of the industry during his career at DuPont, both in the United States and abroad.
Franklin W. Bradway, 1958 February 13
1 sound tape reel : 3.75 ips. TRT part 1 - 1:03:18, part 2 - 0:17:42.
Box 1, Reel 5
Existence and Location of Copies
Transcript available.
Biographical Note
Franklin W. Bradway (b. 1890), born to a father who had worked for DuPont at Carney's Point, graduated from high school at a young age and began working at Carney's Point himself in 1905. He was transferred to the laboratory and became the assistant chemist at the smokeless powder plant DuPont intended to build in Brazil in 1911. He saved money and attended college at the University of Virginia for chemistry, but was recalled to work in the smokeless powder plant during World War I in 1915.
Scope and Content
Interviewers: Norman B. Wilkinson and Joseph P. Monigle
Bradway details DuPont's contract work with the Allied governments during both world wars and the Korean War, the development of the plant at Old Hickory, and the rise and fall of the sporting powder business. He eventually became a manager of the smokeless powder division and later the vicechairman of the Board of Benefits and Pensions.
Franklin W. Bradway, 1958 February 27
1 sound tape reel : 1.875 ips. TRT part 3 - 1:35:52.
Box 1, Reel 6
Existence and Location of Copies
Transcript available.
Scope and Content
Interviewers: Norman B. Wilkinson and Joseph P. Monigle
Bickel's second interview details DuPont's contract work with the Allied governments during both world wars and the Korean War, the development of the plant at Old Hickory, and the rise and fall of the sporting powder business. He eventually became a manager of the smokeless powder division and later the vicechairman of the Board of Benefits and Pensions.
John Gilbert Braun, 1973 April 17
sound tape reel : 3 3/14 ips. TRT Part 1 - 0:30:37, Part 2 - 0:29:07.
Box 3, Reel 60
Biographical Note
John Gilbert Braun was a powder mill worker at the Belin Works in Moosic, Pennsylvania who eventually became a foreman on the powder line.
Scope and Content
Interviewers: Robert A. Howard and James B. Akerman
Braun's interview describes the changes in the equipment that have occurred since his time working and when the interview was conducted in 1973. He also describes his experience as a black man working for this company, workers' behavior after an explosion, the most desirable positions within the organization, and different elements of the powder mill process, including clean up. The second part of his interview discusses the place of the workers in the community, maintenance of various machines, and testing of the finished powders.
Ralph Beech Brown, 1981 April 28
1 sound cassette (90 min.) : analog. TRT 1:30:56.
Box 4, Cassette 95
Existence and Location of Copies
Transcript available.
Biographical Note
Ralph Beech Brown (b. 1900) began working at Hagley Yards beginning in 1916 in the box shop where cans that held the powder were manufactured.
Scope and Content
Interviewer: Dorothy Tremaine in Wilmington, Delaware
Brown's interview details his childhood in Newark, Cecil County, and Wilmington, his experiences as a carnival worker, the working environment and explosions at the powder mill, and his experience as an electrician at the Playhouse Theatre.
Eugene Bruno, 1981 March 12
2 sound cassettes (90 min.) : analog. TRT 2:07:03.
Box 4, Cassette 96-97
Existence and Location of Copies
Transcript available.
Biographical Note
Eugene Bruno (b. 1915) was the son of Frederick and Margaret Bruno, a powder mill worker and his wife; he was born in Squirrel Run and lived there with his family until he was five.
Scope and Content
Interviewer: Dorothy Tremaine in Wilmington, Delaware
Bruno's interview details his childhood in Wilmington, Delaware. He describes the homes in Squirrel Run, how the children used to spend the weekends there after the move having picnics and watching the adults play bocce ball, and his job working at Hodginson Brothers Woolen Mills. He also describes Wilmington in the early twentieth century, particularly the area of Little Italy, where he grew up.
Eugene Bruno, 1984 June 11
2 sound cassettes (90 min.) : analog. TRT 2:45:59. 1:21:42.
Box 4, Cassette 98-99
Existence and Location of Copies
Transcript available.
Scope and Content
Interviewer: Dorothy Johnson in Wilmington, Delaware
Bruno's second interview goes into greater detail about his early childhood at Hagley. He describes details such as his father's winemaking hobby, his mother's housework and food storage, and traditions and customs observed by workers' families at Squirrel Run.
William H. Buchanan, 1958 August 7
1 sound tape reel : 3.75 ips. TRT part 1 - 1:33:13, part 2 - 0:06:28.
Box 2, Item 34
Existence and Location of Copies
Transcript available.
Biographical Note
William H. Buchanan (b. 1892) grew up in Rising Sun Lane and Breck’s Lane near the Hagley area; his father worked in the DuPont black powder yards.
Scope and Content
Interviewers: Norman B. Wilkinson and Joseph P. Monigle
Buchanan's interview touches on many subjects including details of his father’s work, his reminisces about home and social life in the community, his memories of Alfred I. du Pont, and details about powder yard explosions.
William H. Buchanan, 1974 July 25
1 sound cassette (90 min.) : analog. TRT 0:34:48.
Box 2, Cassette 246
Scope and Content
Interviewers: Norman B. Wilkinson, Jackie A. Hinsley, and James B. Akerman
Buchanan describes his father's career, the layout of the powder yards, functions of various equipment, and the working environment at Hagley.
Dennis Buckley, 1975 January 10
1 sound cassette (60 min.) : analog. TRT 0:55:44.
Box 6, Cassette 247
Existence and Location of Copies
Transcript available.
Biographical Note
Dennis Buckley (b. 1899) had a mother who worked for Alfred I. du Pont, and grew up in Mount Airy, spending much of his childhood with the mill children.
Scope and Content
Interviewer: Mary Sam Ward in Wilmington, Delaware
Buckley's interview details his impressions of the du Pont family members, his job in the mailroom of the company, working for the Diamond Ice and Coal Company, and running a liquor store.
Joseph M. Campbell, 1957 August 15
1 sound tape reel : 3.75 ips. TRT part 1 - 1:32:33, part 2 - 0:59:11.
Box 2, Reel 35
Existence and Location of Copies
Transcript available.
Biographical Note
Joseph M. Campbell (b. 1880) began working for DuPont in 1898 at Hagley in the Packing House, Mixing House, and Coal House. He also worked at Winterthur for Colonel Henry du Pont and for Miss Evalina du Pont. He became an electrician and later worked at the Experimental Station.
Scope and Content
Interviewers: Norman B. Wilkinson and Joseph P. Monigle
Campbell describes the working conditions at Hagley and at the Experimental Station, attempts to unionize, his interactions with the du Pont family, and moving into the neighborhood at Squirrel Run, including the various nationalities that lived there and what the workers would do for fun.
James Cammock, 1984 April 9
1 sound cassette (90 min.) : analog. TRT 1:32:39.
Box 4, Cassette 100
Existence and Location of Copies
Transcript available.
Biographical Note
James Cammock (b. 1895) was born to Irish immigrants David and Katherine Cammock in Breck's Lane. His father was a powder mill worker who was killed following an explosion in 1906. Following the death of his father, Cammock mowed grass for his neighbors and delivered papers to make ends meet, and Lammot du Pont furnished his brother with a job. Cammock began working for DuPont in 1911 in the mail room.
Scope and Content
Interviewer: James Bond in Elsmere, Delaware
Cammock describes daily life on the Brandywine for families of mill workers; celebrations for the Fourth of July and Memorial Day; and general descriptions of the mills and his home at Breck's Lane.
James Cammock, 1984 July 9
1 sound cassette (90 min.) : analog. TRT 1:30:43.
Box 4, Cassette 101
Existence and Location of Copies
Transcript available.
Scope and Content
Interviewer: Al Paine in Elsmere, Delaware
Cammock details his experience growing up at Hagley, including games the children would play, various details about his mother's housekeeping, and the community life at the mills. He also discusses nightlife and entertainment in Wilmington (including the movie theaters and the Blue Rocks), the growing prevalence of automobiles, and other day-to-day activities.
James Cammock, 1984 July 24
1 sound cassette (90 min.) : analog. TRT 1:00:48.
Box 4, Cassette 102
Existence and Location of Copies
Transcript available.
Scope and Content
Interviewer: Karen Perkins in Elsmere, Delaware
Cammock provides many details about how he tended to his garden at Breck's Lane, including the procurement of seeds, various equipment used, standard gardening clothes, different types of fruits and vegetables and flowers planted, fertilizing practices, and the harvest and storage of crops. He also discusses maintaining a chicken coop.
James Cammock, Herb Devenney, Edward Devenney, and Jim Kindbeiter, 1984 May 9
2 sound cassettes (90 min.) : analog. TRT 2:54:06.
Box 4, Cassette 103-104
Existence and Location of Copies
Transcript available.
Scope and Content
Interviewers: Frank McKelvey, Jill MacKenzie, and Linda Harris
Herb Devenney, Ed Devenney, James Cammock, and James Kindbeiter, sons of powder mill workers, reminisce about growing up at Hagley in this group interview and tour of the museum grounds. Some topics of discussion include daily life of the workers and their families, identification of various families and their living spaces, schedules and duties of the powder mill workers, and various changes that had occurred in the last century.
A.D. Chandler, 1962 June 21
1 sound tape reel : 1.875 ips. TRT 1:03:26.
Box 1, Reel 2
Scope and Content
Interviewer: F.L. Battan
A.D. Chandler describes his relationship with P.S. du Pont and Mrs. du Pont, both of whom he met in 1922. He describes his personality and interests, including history and book collecting. He also discusses his family life, political views, and social contributions. He also describes du Pont's involvement with the anti-prohibition movement. He also talks about how DuPont's management style changed throughout the years, and how it acquired various other companies. Chandler touches on Mr. du Pont's interest in sports and music. He also describes his interactions with other du Pont family members.
Catherine Cheney, 1964 April 3
1 sound tape reel : 7.5 ips. TRT part 1 - 0:48:31, part 2 - 0:26:41.
Box 2, Reel 36
Existence and Location of Copies
Transcript available.
Biographical Note
Catherine Cheney (b. 1905) was the granddaughter of Irish immigrant James Cheney and the daughter of George Cheney, both guards and watchmen for the DuPont company. Her father became the janitor of Christ Church and later a tax collector when the powder mill closed in 1918, and the family moved to Free Park.
Scope and Content
Interviewers: Norman B. Wilkinson and George Gibson
Cheney describes the family home in detail, taking the trolley into town, how the family used heat, gas, and drinking water, her interactions with members of the du Pont family, and various ways that the children would entertain themselves.
Catherine Cheney, 1981 January 29
2 sound cassettes (90 min.) : analog. TRT 1:45:41.
Box 4, Cassette 106-107
Scope and Content
Interviewer: Dorothy Tremaine
Cheney discusses various household items her home contained and how they have changed. She also discusses baking bread, an explosion that caused her family to move, making soap for laundry, healthcare, her family's relationship with the du Pont family, her education, and her growing up years along the Brandywine, including chores and entertainments.
Catherine Cheney, 1983 December 19
2 sound cassettes (90 min.) : analog. TRT 2:06:58.
Box 4, Cassette 108-109
Existence and Location of Copies
Transcript available.
Scope and Content
Interviewer: Frank McKelvey
Cheney gives a detailed description of the houses and neighborhood and how it has changed. She discusses growing up in Free Park, and the various activities in which the children would engage, as well as the garden and her education. Her interview also gives specific details about life in Free Park, including toilet facilities, water sanitation, and waste.
Catherine Cheney, 1984 January 23
1 sound cassette (90 min.) : analog. TRT 1:21:16.
Box 4, Cassette 110
Scope and Content
Interviewer: Karen Perkins in New Castle, Delaware
Cheney discusses gardening in the community, the layout of the Brandywine villages, the chicken house, and fear of explosions. She describes her family's garden in detail, particularly various types of crops planted.
Catherine Cheney, 1984 February 15
1 sound cassette (90 min.) : analog. TRT 1:31:27.
Box 4, Casette 111
Scope and Content
Interviewer: Karen Perkins in New Castle, Delaware
Cheney details gardening at Hagley, including using fertilizer and lime on plants, food storage during winter, gardening tools, and using the moon to determine planting cycles. She also discusses laundry, cooking, and various other household chores.
Existence and Location of Copies
Transcript available.
Catherine Cheney, 1984 March 26
1 sound cassette (90 min.) : analog. TRT 1:25:38.
Box 4, Casette 112
Scope and Content
Interviewer: Karen Perkins in New Castle, Delaware
Cheney provides details of her life at Free Park, including fear of typhoid in the water supply, delivery of groceries and other items, her sibling dynamic, She details gardening at Hagley, including drying and storing herbs, what kinds of plants were chosen for the garden, different gardening tools, and composting.
Existence and Location of Copies
Transcript available.
Catherine Cheney, 1987 February 3
1 sound cassette (90 min.) : analog. TRT 1:29:33.
Box 4, Casette 113
Scope and Content
Interviewers: Dorothy Johnson and Sally Wright
Cheney discusses details of her childhood in Free Park, including the family's canning traditions and chicken coop, how they made their clothing or shopped in Wilmington, parties and events at Hagley Community House, an explosion that injured her foot, and her education, and later teaching career, at Alexis I. du Pont School. Her interview details various Christmas traditions during her childhood, including how the tree was decorated, baking cookies and cakes, gift exchanges, the candy and orange that the children received from Henry Francis du Pont, and how homemade ornaments were created.
Existence and Location of Copies
Transcript available.
Catherine Cheney, 1987 October 2
1 sound cassette (90 min.) : analog. TRT 1:06:09.
Box 4, Casette 114
Existence and Location of Copies
Transcript available.
Scope and Content
Interviewers: Dorothy Johnson and Sally Wright in New Castle, Delaware
Cheney discusses some of her family's Christmas traditions as well as those of Hagley in general. Moreover, she details childhood memories of everyday life in Free Park, including the games the children played, chores, and various childhood illnesses. Her interview also discusses her teacher training at the University of Delaware and her later teaching career.
Edward B. Cheney, 1958 June 5
1 sound tape reel : 3.75 ips. TRT part 1 - 1:03:40, part 2: 0:29:24.
Box 2, Reel 38
Existence and Location of Copies
Transcript available.
Biographical Note
Edward B. Cheney (b. 1888) was the son of Irish immigrant James Cheney, who worked at a watchman and storekeeper for the DuPont company as well as sexton of Christ Church, and grew up in Squirrel Run.
Scope and Content
Interviewers: Norman B. Wilkinson and Joseph P. Monigle in Wilmington, Delaware
Cheney describes the neighborhoods at Squirrel Run and Wagoner's Row and the families who lived there. He describes how the du Pont family arranged for his brother to learn Greek because it interested him. He also notes how conflicts were resolved among workers and their families. He also includes poems about his childhood. His interview details his education, interactions with du Pont family members, including Mrs. Crowninshield and her Sunday School class, an accident concerning his brother George, and his later career with the company.
Edward B. Cheney, 1958 June 13
1 sound tape reel : 3.75 ips. TRT part 3 - 1:03:01, part 4 - 1:02:54.
Box 2, Reel 39
Existence and Location of Copies
Transcript available.
Scope and Content
Interviewers: Norman B. Wilkinson and Joseph P. Monigle in Wilmington, Delaware
Cheney describes the neighborhoods at Squirrel Run and Wagoner's Row and the families who lived there. He describes how the du Pont family arranged for his brother to learn Greek because it interested him. He also notes how conflicts were resolved among workers and their families. He also includes poems about his childhood. His interview details his education, interactions with du Pont family members, including Mrs. Crowninshield and her Sunday School class, an accident concerning his brother George, and his later career with the company.
George M. Christ, 1969 July 23
1 sound tape reel : 3.75 ips. TRT 0:42:22.
Box 1, Reel 7
Existence and Location of Copies
Transcript available.
Scope and Content
Interviewers: Norman B. Wilkinson and Joseph P. Monigle in West Chester, Pennsylvania
George M. Christ, a worker in the blacksmith shop at Hoopes Brothers and Darlington, describes his career manufacturing wagon wheels. In his interview he details the wheel-making process, various types of tires, the rate of production of wagon wheels, and how the workers utilized the shrinker machine to make wheels.
William T. Cloud, 1958 March 31
1 sound tape reel : 3.75 ips. TRT part 1 - 1:35:25, part 2 - 1:02:31.
Box 2, Reel 40
Existence and Location of Copies
Transcript available.
Biographical Note
William T. Cloud (b. 1892) grew up in Wilmington, Delaware, studied stenography at Goldey College, and utilized his degree to do clerical work in the explosives department for DuPont beginning in 1908. He later became the secretary for T. Coleman du Pont, managing his road and engineering aspirations. He transferred back to the explosives department and later to the byproducts section of this department. By 1917, he had accepted a position as assistant superintendent at Wayne Black Powder Mills during World War I, ending his career as acting superintendent at Brandywine.
Scope and Content
Interviewers: Norman B. Wilkinson and Joseph P. Monigle in Wilmington, Delaware
Cloud describes T. Coleman du Pont's road project in Sussex County, including interactions with the farmers; the political climate of the early 1900s in Delaware; the function of the byproducts section; and the dynamics, exports, and events at the Wayne Black Powder Mills and the Brandywine Plant.
William T. Cloud, 1958 April 7
1 sound tape reels : 3.75 ips. TRT part 3 - 0:41:55.
Box 2, Reel 41
Existence and Location of Copies
Transcript available.
Scope and Content
Interviewers: Norman B. Wilkinson and Joseph P. Monigle in Wilmington, Delaware
Cloud describes T. Coleman du Pont's road project in Sussex County, including interactions with the farmers; the political climate of the early 1900s in Delaware; the function of the byproducts section; and the dynamics, exports, and events at the Wayne Black Powder Mills and the Brandywine Plant.
William T. Cloud, 1958 April 7
1 sound cassette (90 min.) : analog. TRT 1:30:00.
Box 4, Casette 120
Existence and Location of Copies
Transcript available.
Scope and Content
Interviewers: Norman B. Wilkinson and Joseph P. Monigle in Wilmington, Delaware
Cloud describes T. Coleman du Pont's road project in Sussex County, including interactions with the farmers; the political climate of the early 1900s in Delaware; the function of the byproducts section; and the dynamics, exports, and events at the Wayne Black Powder Mills and the Brandywine Plant.
Mary Hazzard Collins, 1974 March
1 sound tape reel : 3.75 ips. TRT 0:36:35.
Box 3, Reel 63
Existence and Location of Copies
Transcript available.
Biographical Note
Mary Hazzard Collins (b. 1893) worked as a foreman at Hagley and later in the DuPont building in the city of Wilmington.
Scope and Content
Interviewer: Mary Sam Ward in Wilmington, Delaware
Collins describes her first job as keeping track of the time slips and her second job working operating the elevators at 10th and Market. Her interview details the explosion of 1918; various interactions with du Pont family members, including Irenee, Lammot, T. Coleman, and Miss Sybil Ward; and a car accident that cost her her sight in one eye. The interview also features Mr. Collins, her husband.
Oliver Collins, 1973 July 19
1 sound tape reel : 13 cm, 1.875 ips. TRT Part 1 - 1:32:11, Part 2 - 0:37:15.
Box 2, Reel 57
Biographical Note
Oliver Collins owned Collins Mill Sawmill in Anselma, Pennsylvania.
Scope and Content
Interviewers: James Akerman and Howard McKelvey in Anselma, Pennsylvania
Collins describes different kinds of turbines, wheel diameters and their various usage, and other industrial machines essential to his business. He also describes his family history and the running of the millrace, as well as overcoming problems such as rot. He describes the environment and wildlife in the area and also discusses his other interest in cutting hair.
Oliver Collins, 1972 July 6-7
1 sound tape reel : 1.875 ips. TRT 1:02:24.
Box 6, Reel 284
Scope and Content
Interviewer: James Akerman
Collins describes how he was trained as a miller, how his business expanded, the different crops ground at his facility, the process of grinding corn and wheat, different grades of flour produced, and explosions that occurred in the mill business. He also discusses the role of grain elevators in the mill process.
Katharine Collison, 1954 September, 1955 January
1 sound tape reel : 3.75 ips. TRT 0:48:26.
Box 1, Reel 8
Existence and Location of Copies
Transcript available.
Biographical Note
Katharine Collison (b. 1870) was the daughter of the chief bookkeeper for the DuPont company and lived in the Belin House for over twenty years.
Scope and Content
Interviewers: Norman B. Wilkinson and Joseph P. Monigle in Wilmington, Delaware
Collison describes the house itself and the hardworking maids who lived there; how the children played and entertained themselves at the powder yards; various explosions and the reactions of the families; the cultural and social makeup of the community; and Collison's relationship with members of the du Pont family, including her friendship with Sophie du Pont.
Joe Costello, 1973 April 17
1 audiotape reel : 3.75 ips. TRT Part 1 - 0:23:59, Part 2 - 0:24:53.
Box 3, Reel 64
Biographical Note
Joe Costello worked as a black powder operator for Belin Works and also worked in the office. His father had worked in the powder mills for 43 years.
Scope and Content
Interviewers: R.A. Howard and J.B. Akerman
Costello describes the various responsibilities of his job, the different jobs that made up the powder yard, and typical wages. He also describes his work in the office and changes throughout the company over the years, most of which have reflected safety concerns.
Jasper F. Crane, 1962 June 21
1 sound tape reel : 1.875 ips. TRT Part 1 - 0:29:17, Part 2 - 0:56:00.
Box 1, Reel 2
Biographical Note
Jasper F. Crane describes his impressions of members of the du Pont family. He details his working experiences in the mechanical industry at the Arlington Company and how his job changed when DuPont bought Arlington.
Scope and Content
Interviewer: J.L. Battan
Crane details the management style DuPont brought to the company. He also discusses impacts of various antitrust laws on DuPont. He also describes his experience working abroad, his work on the business advisory committee, and his advice for a happy life.
William Craven, 1986 June 11
1 sound cassette (90 min.) : analog. TRT 1:02:40.
Box 4, Cassette 122
Existence and Location of Copies
Transcript available.
Biographical Note
William Craven, Jr. was the grandson of a powder worker; his mother, Margaret McDade, grew up in Free Park in the late 1800s and early 1900s.
Scope and Content
Interviewer: Frank McKelvey
Craven describes the significance of various artifacts and photographs. He also details swimming and playing in the summer time, various stories about the neighbors, what happened to certain buildings after the mill closed, home improvement projects, and his family's history in Ireland. He recounts different stories attributed to each house in Free Park.
William Craven, 1987 July 31
1 sound cassette (90 min.) : analog. TRT 1:32:21.
Box 4, Casette 123
Scope and Content
Interviewer: Frank McKelvey
Craven describes the layout of the houses and the neighborhood as well as the significance of certain artifacts from his childhood. He also details his grandfather's friendship with Alfred I. du Pont and the family's history and immigration from Ireland.
Existence and Location of Copies
Transcript available.
Willard B. Crichton and Patsy Crichton, 1985 March 6
2 sound cassettes (90 min.) : analog. TRT 2:50:20.
Box 4, Casette 124-125
Existence and Location of Copies
Transcript available.
Biographical Note
Willard B. Crichton (b. 1918) and his family moved to Free Park in 1924, renting the Belin House from Mrs. Charlie Copeland in exchange for renovating it.
Scope and Content
Interviewers: Frank McKelvey and John Mayer in Wilmington, Delaware
Willard Crichton describes the state of the house after the move and the surrounding area in detail, as well as the changes made to it by the Crichton family. He also describes the surrounding area and the gardens. His interview details family history, the changes to the area following the opening of Hagley Museum, and briefly refers to a career with DuPont.
Willard B. Crichton and Theodore Pyle Crichton, 1990 October 27
1 sound cassette (90 min.) : analog. TRT 1:23:58.
Box 5, Casette 177
Existence and Location of Copies
Transcript available.
Biographical Note
Brothers Willard B. Crichton (b. 1918) and Theodore Pyle Crichton (b. 1927) and their family moved to Free Park in 1924, renting the Belin House from Mrs. Charlie Copeland in exchange for renovating it. They note that Belin House was referred to as "Skunk Hall" because in spring the skunks would gather around the surrounding plant life.
Scope and Content
Interviewers: Peggy Bennett and Sally Wright in Wilmington, Delaware
The Crichton brothers detail their father's career with DuPont and his grandmother's friendship with Mrs. Copeland. The interview describes the property around Free Park, changes the Crichton family made to their rental home, various vegetation in the neighborhood, family dining customs, Christmas traditions, and the accomplishments of both Willard and Theodore.
T.C. Davis, 1962 June 20
1 sound tape reel : 1.875 ips. TRT 1:10:16.
Box 1, Reel 2
Biographical Note
T.C. Davis began his career with DuPont in 1934.
Scope and Content
Interviewer: Norman B. Wilkinson and unknown interviewers
Davis discusses the development of the DuPont Company, including the modernization of the company and the family members who contributed to it. He also describes the changes in the market, budgeting and financial issues, interactions with government, the hierarchy of the management, and other business practices.
Edward Devenney, 1984 March 27
1 sound cassette (90 min.) : analog. TRT 1:28:47.
Box 4, Casette 126
Existence and Location of Copies
Transcript available.
Biographical Note
Edward Devenney (b. 1897) was the son of a powder mill worker who grew up along the Brandywine in the different villages, and he worked in the machine shop at Hagley Mill.
Scope and Content
Interviewer: James Bond in Wilmington, Delaware
Devenney recounts various explosions, daily life in the community, games the children would play, and social activities and courting practices among the youth.
Herbert James Devenney, 1984 March 15
1 sound cassette (90 min.) : analog. TRT 1:10:35.
Box 4, Casette 127
Existence and Location of Copies
Transcript available.
Biographical Note
Herbert James Devenney (b. 1912) grew up in Henry Clay Village, the son of an Irish immigrant powder worker.
Scope and Content
Interviewer: Louise Meyers in Mendenhall, Pennsylvania
Devenney describes the daily life of the children in the village, including mealtime habits, playing sports on various teams throughout Wilmington, and everyday chores.
Herbert James Devenney, 1984 April 2
1 sound cassette (90 min.) : analog. TRT 0:21:05.
Box 4, Casette 128
Existence and Location of Copies
Transcript available.
Scope and Content
Interviewer: Louise Meyers in Mendenhall, Pennsylvania
Devenney describes in detail the family Bible, religious divisions within the community, and his family's home and furniture.
Herbert James Devenney, 1984 April 19
1 sound cassette (90 min.) : analog. TRT 1:32:03.
Box 4, Casette 129
Existence and Location of Copies
Transcript available.
Scope and Content
Interviewer: Louise Meyers in Mendenhall, Pennsylvania
Devenney describes the typical dress of the workers and their families, married life for young couples, and the layout of his family's house and the possessions inside.
Martin P. Dillon, 1969 July 28
1 sound tape reel : 3.75 ips. TRT 0:43:08.
Box 6, Reel 287
Existence and Location of Copies
Transcript available.
Biographical Note
Martin Dillon (b. 1892) worked with his father hauling willows to sell to customers, including the DuPont Company, until his father's death in 1902.
Scope and Content
Interviewers: Faith Pizor, Norman B. Wilkinson, and John Scafidi in Wilmington, Delaware
Dillon describes in detail the process of hauling willows, including cutting them down, peeling them, tools and techniques used, and caring for the horses. He also describes farm life at the turn of the century, including the business aspect of farming.
Martin P. Dillon, 1969 July 28
1 sound tape reel : 3.75 ips. TRT 0:15:55.
Box 2, Reel 31
Existence and Location of Copies
Transcript available.
Scope and Content
Interviewers: Norman B. Wilkinson, Faith Pizor, and John Scafidi in Wilmington, Delaware
Dillon describes in detail the process of hauling willows, including cutting them down, peeling them, tools and techniques used, and caring for the horses. He also describes farm life at the turn of the century, including the business aspect of farming.
Thomas E. Doremus, 1958 January 10
1 sound tape reel : 3.75 ips. TRT part 1 - 1:04:38, part 2 - 0:51:51.
Box 1, Reel 9
Existence and Location of Copies
Transcript available.
Biographical Note
Thomas E. Doremus (b. 1874) was the grandson of W.R. Swift, the founder of Swift Powder Mill and Schaghticoke Powder Company in New York. His father, the bookkeeper, had married Swift's daughter. The company was eventually acquired by DuPont in 1902 after they purchased much of the interest. He attended Rochester Polytechnic Institute for civil engineering but did not complete his degree. He joined DuPont in 1905 after being heavily recruited by the company. In 1919, he opened a branch of the company in Shanghai, and his sales manager, Mr. Trubnikoff, was found to be a Russian spy charged with stealing DuPont secrets.
Scope and Content
Interviewers: Norman B. Wilkinson and Joseph P. Monigle in Wilmington, Delaware
Doremus describes in detail his father and grandfather's powder mill business, his meeting with Mr. T. Coleman du Pont and the Remingtom Arms Company in New York City, his role in the development of the DuPont trademarked oval, the role of the company in World War I, the relationship of Annie Oakley to DuPont, his job in China, his impressions of various du Pont family members, and his world travels.
Thomas E. Doremus, 1958 January 16
1 sound tape reel : 3.75 ips. TRT part 3 - 1:04:38, part 4 - 0:00:38.
Box 1, Reel 10
Existence and Location of Copies
Transcript available.
Scope and Content
Interviewers: Norman B. Wilkinson and Joseph P. Monigle in Wilmington, Delaware
Doremus describes in detail his father and grandfather's powder mill business, his meeting with Mr. T. Coleman du Pont and the Remingtom Arms Company in New York City, his role in the development of the DuPont trademarked oval, the role of the company in World War I, the relationship of Annie Oakley to DuPont, his job in China, his impressions of various du Pont family members, and his world travels.
Thomas E. Doremus, 1958 January 30
1 sound tape reel : 3.75 ips. ; part 5 - 0:57:22, part 6 - 1:03:55.
Box 1, Reel 11
Existence and Location of Copies
Transcript available.
Scope and Content
Interviewers: Norman B. Wilkinson and Joseph P. Monigle in Wilmington, Delaware
Doremus describes in detail his father and grandfather's powder mill business, his meeting with Mr. T. Coleman du Pont and the Remingtom Arms Company in New York City, his role in the development of the DuPont trademarked oval, the role of the company in World War I, the relationship of Annie Oakley to DuPont, his job in China, his impressions of various du Pont family members, and his world travels.
Alfred Dougherty, 1984 June 29
1 sound cassette (90 min.) : analog. TRT 1:32:38.
Box 4, Casette 130
Existence and Location of Copies
Transcript available.
Biographical Note
Alfred P. Dougherty (b. 1898) was the son of a leather manufacturer, Hugh Dougherty, and the grandson of a powder worker, Daniel Dougherty, at Hagley Yards. His maternal grandparents Chaxelle were coppersmiths who did roofing for the du Pont family. Dougherty grew up in Forty Acres but spent much of his childhood visiting his grandparents’ house in Free Park and his aunt and uncle at Breck’s Lane.
Scope and Content
Interviewer: Peggy Bennett in Greenville, Delaware
Dougherty describes the houses in Free Park and in Breck’s Lane in detail, as well as common practices in the early twentieth century, including shopping, food preparation, and entertainment. He also describes his wedding in detail as well as his younger sister’s funeral.
John A. Dougherty, 1956 October 19
1 sound tape reel : 3.75 ips. TRT Part 1 - 1:03:48, Part 2 - 0:35:38.
Box 1, Reel 12
Existence and Location of Copies
Transcript available.
Biographical Note
John A. Dougherty (b. 1880) grew up on the Upper Banks of the Brandywine, his father having worked for DuPont in the Coal House and in the Refinery, and his mother's father having started with the company in 1851. His grandmother "Big Rose" Dougherty ran a boarding house along the Brandywine after her husband was killed in 1861. Dougherty began working for DuPont in 1885 in the Eagle Packing House, moving to the office after studying at Goldey College, and eventually working in statistics in the explosives department.
Scope and Content
Interviewers: Norman B. Wilkinson and Joseph P. Monigle in Wilmington, Delaware
Dougherty describes his various jobs for the company, his supervisors, the move to the DuPont building in Wilmington, the houses and layout of the community at Hagley, and various neighbors.
Philip Dougherty, 1955 January 12
1 sound tape reel : 3.75 ips. TRT 1:02:33.
Box 1, Reel 8
Existence and Location of Copies
Transcript available.
Biographical Note
Philip H. Dougherty (b. 1874) had a father who worked in the DuPont saltpeter refinery. Mr. Dougherty worked in the keg factory in the DuPont Company Hagley Yard and later at the Eagle Packing House.
Scope and Content
Interviewers: Norman B. Wilkinson and Joseph P. Monigle in Wilmington, Delaware
Dougherty recalls what he remembers about his father’s and his own work, the homes in the Charles’ Banks area near Hagley, explosions in 1889, 1890, and 1898, activities around the Brandywine, and memories of people in the area.
Philip Dougherty, 1955 February 16
1 sound tape reel : 3.75 ips. TRT 0:57:25.
Box 1, Reel 13
Scope and Content
Interviewers: Joseph P. Monigle and Norman B. Wilkinson in Wilmington, Delaware
Dougherty recalls what he remembers about his father’s and his own work, the homes in the Charles’ Banks area near Hagley, explosions in 1889, 1890, and 1898, activities around the Brandywine, and memories of people in the area.
Existence and Location of Copies
Transcript available.
Thomas Dunlop, 1984 April 30
2 sound cassettes (90 min.) : analog. TRT 2:11:48.
Box 4, Cassette 132-133
Existence and Location of Copies
Transcript available.
Biographical Note
Thomas Dunlop (b. 1905) emigrated from Scotland in 1913 after his father saved enough money working in a tile shop to bring over his family, eventually working for DuPont. He lived in Breck's Lane, where the family took in boarders. He worked as a chauffeur for Hallock du Pont from 1928 until 1932.
Scope and Content
Interviewer: Dorothy Johnson in Wilmington, Delaware
Dunlop discusses playing baseball with the Hagley team, entertainments and pastimes of the children, transportation, the layout of the villages along the Brandywine, and daily chores.
Thomas Dunlop, 1985 February 22
1 sound cassette (90 min.) : analog. TRT 1:32:15.
Box 4, Casette 134
Scope and Content
Interviewer: Peggy Bennett in Wilmington, Delaware
Dunlop describes the house in which he grew up, games the children played growing up, newspapers and reading materials, learning his trade at Bethlehem Steel, his education, and day-to-day life during his childhood.
Existence and Location of Copies
Transcript available.
Thomas Dunlop, 1985 April 19
1 sound cassette (90 min.) : analog. TRT 1:08:00.
Box 4, Casette 135
Existence and Location of Copies
Transcript available.
Scope and Content
Interviewer: Peggy Bennett in Wilmington, Delaware
Dunlop describes floods along the Brandywine, the celebration of the Scottish holiday of Hugmanah, various items in the household, his father's garden, and medical care.
Helen Edwards, 1984 March 8
1 sound cassette (90 min.) : analog. TRT 1:24:02.
Box 4, Casette 136
Existence and Location of Copies
Transcript available.
Biographical Note
Helen McCleary Edwards (b. 1900) attended Beacom's Business School in Wilmington, and began working in the powder yards as a young woman. Her father was a barber in Wilmington.
Scope and Content
Interviewer: Betty Wagner in Wilmington, Delaware
Edwards describes her working career at DuPont, including an explosion that occurred in 1918 and the flu epidemic in 1919. She also describes her home life, including the family cat, typical dress, the early years of her marriage, Wilmington in the early twentieth century, and cooking and chores.
Helen Edwards, 1986 April 16
1 sound cassette (90 min.) : analog. TRT 1:13:05.
Box 4, Casette 137
Existence and Location of Copies
Transcript available.
Scope and Content
Interviewer: Andy Vadnais in Wilmington, Delaware
Edwards describes her working career in the powder yards in 1917 and 1918 in detail, including various work tasks, sewing silk bags, the hiring process, various explosions, and how married and unmarried Bloomer Girls worked alongside each other during World War I.
Albert Rider "Slick" Ely, 1988 September 24
2 sound cassettes (90 min.) : analog. TRT 2:06:41.
Box 5, Casette 178-179
Existence and Location of Copies
Transcript available.
Biographical Note
Albert Rider “Slick” Ely worked for DuPont in the explosives and ballistics department as a chemist. He worked as the plant manager at Kenvil for nearly 18 years.
Scope and Content
Interviewer: Joan Benjamin in Wilmington, Delaware
Ely primarily focuses on ballistic pendulums and other gun powder testing devices. He also discusses in detail how black powder was manufactured as well as the properties of dynamite, and he gives his take on the eventual exit of the DuPont Company from this area. He recounts a few stories from his work in this department.
Albert Rider "Slick" Ely, 1988 December 6
1 sound cassette (90 min.) : analog. TRT 1:19:40.
Box 5, Casette 180
Scope and Content
Interviewer: Frank McKelvey
Ely discusses traveling around for work through his sales position, establishing Kenvil as a research and development laboratory, the development and use of the ballistic pendulum, his earlier career with Hercules, his impressions of du Pont family members, and the use of the friction testing device. He also touches on the company's safety measures as well as using lathes in the workplace.
Alfred Evans, May 1973
1 sound tape reel : 3.75 ips. ; Duration: 0:30:22.
Box 3, Reel 66
Existence and Location of Copies
Transcript available.
Biographical Note
Alfred Evans was Mrs. Louise Crowninshield’s chauffeur in the last five years of her lifetime.
Scope and Content
Interviewer: Mary Sam Ward in Boca Grande, Florida
Evans describes how he obtained the job through his brother. He also describes his impressions of Delaware and Boca Grande. He also presents details about Mrs. Crowninshield’s personality, including how she sought to send those who could not pay to school and how she encouraged him to take a vacation with the car.
Clarence A. Fahs, 1966 April 22, 1966 May 2
1 sound tape reel : 3.75 ips. TRT 3:56:47.
Box 2, Reel 42
Existence and Location of Copies
Transcript available.
Biographical Note
Clarence A. Fahs (b. 1886) worked as a machinist for the DuPont Company from 1913 until 1921. After his career at DuPont, he taught high school in Wilmington.
Scope and Content
Interviewers: Norman B. Wilkinson and Joseph P. Monigle in Wilmington, Delaware
Fahs describes his childhood in Wilmington, including his education, milking cows for extra money, boarding for his jobs in other cities, He discusses various jobs he had before DuPont, including working at Wilmington Dental Works, Novelty Machine Works, Pullman Automobile Company, and American Chain Works. He also describes his career at DuPont, including the various machines on the grounds, the explosion in 1917, wages, salaries, and vacation.
Clarence A. Fahs, 1966 May 4
1 sound tape reel : 3.75 ips. TRT Part 2 - 2:07:52.
Box 2, Reel 43
Existence and Location of Copies
Transcript available.
Scope and Content
Interviewers: Joseph P. Monigle and Norman B. Wilkinson in Wilmington, Delaware
Fahs describes his childhood in Wilmington, including his education, milking cows for extra money, boarding for his jobs in other cities, He discusses various jobs he had before DuPont, including working at Wilmington Dental Works, Novelty Machine Works, Pullman Automobile Company, and American Chain Works. He also describes his career at DuPont, including the various machines on the grounds, the explosion in 1917, wages, salaries, and vacation.
Harvey L. Fell, 1968 June 10, 1968 June 17
1 sound tape reel : 3.75 ips. TRT Part 1 - 1:36:29, Part 2 - 1:04:28.
Box 2, Reel 44
Existence and Location of Copies
Transcript available.
Biographical Note
Dr. Harvey L. Fell (b. 1898) obtained a B.S. in agriculture from Delaware College in 1920, and later entered the University of Pennsylvania Veterinary School. He grew up in an entrepreneurial family; his grandfather and father operated many different businesses in the Wilmington area. He worked on the DuPont Company farm during a summer after college and also worked in the powder yards.
Scope and Content
Interviewers: Norman B. Wilkinson, Faith Pizor, John Scafidi and John Watson in Wilmington, Delaware
Fell describes farming for DuPont in detail, including the amount of workers, the number of barns and buildings, livestock raised, horses that pulled the wagons, sporting and hunting dogs, barn burnings, and farm equipment. He also describes the community along the Brandywine, his impressions of various du Pont family members, and the layout of Wilmington and the powder yard.
Grace Toy Ferguson, 1984 April 19
2 sound cassettes (90 min.) : analog. TRT 1:35:34.
Box 4, Casette 138-139
Existence and Location of Copies
Transcript available.
Biographical Note
Grace Toy Ferguson (b. 1895) grew up in Long Row. Her father worked as a millwright and a cabinetmaker for DuPont, and her mother grew up in Chicken Alley. She graduated from Beacom's Business School and worked for Hercules before her marriage.
Scope and Content
Interviewer: Dorothy Johnson in Wilmington, Delaware
Ferguson describes her uncle Tom Toy's Tavern, her childhood growing up along the Brandywine, including activities and amusements in which the children engaged, relationships between various communities along the Brandywine, and a typical daily schedule. She also describes gardening and chores, Halloween traditions, medical care, typical dress, and various possessions in the house.
Grace Toy Ferguson, 1985 February 14
1 sound cassette (90 min.) : analog. TRT 1:29:31.
Box 4, Casette 140
Existence and Location of Copies
Transcript available.
Scope and Content
Interviewer: Dorothy Johnson in Wilmington, Delaware
Ferguson describes in detail the house in which she grew up and the family's possessions, her mother's cooking, her education, transportation, typical dress, and daily chores.
Pierre Ferraro and Eugene Ferraro, 1955 June 13
1 sound tape reel : 3.75 ips. TRT 0:58:34.
Box 6, Reel 285
Existence and Location of Copies
Transcript available.
Biographical Note
Pierre Ferraro (b. 1878) began working for DuPont at age 26 as a chemist's assistant as well as a blacksmith. Eugene Ferraro began working in the powder mill, but later became a contractor at A.I. du Pont's home in 1909. The brothers grew up in Walker's Bank at Hagley.
Scope and Content
Interviewers: Norman B. Wilkinson and Joseph P. Monigle in Wilmington, Delaware
The Ferraros describes explosions in 1890, 1898, and 1915, the villages along the Brandywine, the political views of the workers, various impressions of members of the du Pont family, and life in Walker's Bank, including entertainment, wages, and chores.
Ella Fitzharris, 1980 May 5
2 sound cassettes (90 min.) : analog. TRT 1:43:53.
Box 4, Casette 141-142
Existence and Location of Copies
Transcript available.
Biographical Note
Ella Fitzharris (b. 1911) had a father who worked for the DuPont black powder mills and later the Du Pont Experimental Station.
Scope and Content
Interviewers: Dorothy Tremaine and Carla Martin in Wilmington, Delaware
Fitzharris discusses life in the Brandywine area including the types of clothing she wore, childhood activities, chores, other topics associated with daily home life, and social activities such as the Fourth of July picnic, weddings, and church gatherings.
Ella Fitzharris, 1984 March 4
1 sound cassette (90 min.) : analog. TRT 1:16:06.
Box 4, Casette 143
Existence and Location of Copies
Transcript available.
Scope and Content
Interviewer: Chris Frazier in Wilmington, Delaware
Fitzharris discusses childhood activities, school, chores, home traditions, types of excursions, styles of clothing, and people and families she knew in the area.
Ella Fitzharris, 1985 June 18
1 sound cassette (90 min.) : analog. 90 min.
Box 4, Casette 144
Existence and Location of Copies
Interviewer: Marge Lotter
Ella Fitzharris, 1985 August 8
2 sound cassettes (90 min.) : analog. TRT 2:16:58.
Box 4, Casette 145-146
Existence and Location of Copies
Transcript available.
Scope and Content
Interviewer: Marge Lotter in Wilmington, Delaware
Fitzharris touches on her memories of explosions, her grandmother, who worked as a midwife, and household chores and duties, including washing, cooking, cleaning, sewing, gardening, and general upkeep. She also discusses social activities such as games, sledding, dances, birthdays, and picnics.
Ella Fitzharris, 1985 October 4
2 sound cassettes (90 min.) : analog. TRT 2:22:06.
Box 4, Casette 147-148
Existence and Location of Copies
Transcript available.
Scope and Content
Interviewer: Marge Lotter in Wilmington, Delaware
Fitzharris recalls in more detail about some of the subjects she has discussed in prior interviews. Some topics include coal wagons, home sewing, homemade alcohol, style of dress during mourning periods, household furniture and appliances, toys and hobbies, and types of meals cooked in the home.
William F. Flanigan, 1960 May-July
1 sound tape reel : 3.75 ips. TRT Part 1 - 0:11:28, Part 2 - 0:43:23.
Box 1, Reel 14
Existence and Location of Copies
Transcript available.
Biographical Note
William F. Flanigan (b. 1890) grew up in Walker's Banks and Squirrel Run, the son of a keg worker and the grandson of a powder mill worker killed in an explosion in 1872. He began working for DuPont in 1908, driving teams of horses through the powder yards. After serving in World War I, he returned to the company in 1920.
Scope and Content
Interviewers: Norman B. Wilkinson and Joseph P. Monigle in Wilmington, Delaware
Flanigan describes the houses in which he grew up, relationships among his neighbors, his education, a feeling of isolation in the community, and childrens' chores and pastimes. He also describes his first job at the Hodgson Woolen Mill, various ethnicities that worked at DuPont, different explosions that occurred, and daily life during his childhood and teenage years.
William F. Flanigan, 1960 May-July
1 sound tape reel : 13.75 ips. ; Part 3 - 2:09:01, Part 4 - 0:11:26.
Box 1, Reel 15
Existence and Location of Copies
Transcript available.
Scope and Content
Interviewers: Norman B. Wilkinson and Joseph P. Monigle in Wilmington, Delaware
Flanigan describes the houses in which he grew up, relationships among his neighbors, his education, a feeling of isolation in the community, and the childrens' chores and pastimes. He also describes his first job at the Hodgson Woolen Mill, various ethnicities that worked at DuPont, different explosions that occurred, and daily life during his childhood and teenage years.
Benjamin F. Foster, 1964 February 24
1 sound tape reel : 1.875 ips. TRT Part 1 - 1:32:33.
Box 1, Reel 16
Existence and Location of Copies
Transcript available.
Biographical Note
Benjamin F. Foster attended Porter Military Academy and the International Correspondence School for education. He was hired by Irenee du Pont to work in the Manufacturers Contracting Company in black powder construction work.
Scope and Content
Interviewers: Norman B. Wilkinson and George H. Gibson in Wilmington, Delaware
Foster describes his working career at DuPont, including the various plants in which he worked, the installation of electrical lighting, engineering work, salaries and wages, and transferring to South America. He also describes the establishment of the Hotel du Pont, the building of homes for various du Pont family members, and his impressions of du Pont family members.
Benjamin F. Foster, 1964 February 28
1 sound tape reel : 1.875 ips. TRT Part 2 - 2:03:47.
Box 1, Reel 17
Existence and Location of Copies
Transcript available.
Scope and Content
Interviewers: Norman B. Wilkinson and George H. Gibson in Wilmington, Delaware
Foster describes his working career at DuPont, including the various plants in which he worked, the installation of electrical lighting, engineering work, salaries and wages, and transferring to South America. He also describes the establishment of the Hotel du Pont, the building of homes for various du Pont family members, and his impressions of du Pont family members.
Francis J. Friel, 1960 September 20
1 sound tape reel : 3.75 ips. TRT Part 1 - 1:03:37, Part 2 - 1:04:30.
Box 1, Reel 18
Existence and Location of Copies
Transcript available.
Biographical Note
Francis J. Friel (b. 1894) was the son of a man who worked for Mrs. Lammot du Pont. Friel worked for her as well, driving her into town on Saturdays. He began working in the laboratory at the Experimental Station in 1911, primarily with nitroglycerin. He attended Philadelphia College of Pharmacy and Science, studying analytical chemistry, and returning to the Experimental Station in 1926.
Scope and Content
Interviewers: Norman B. Wilkinson and Joseph P. Monigle in Wilmington, Delaware
Friel describes his childhood in Wilmington, including his school years, fairs in the city, explosions and fires in the mills, and his career at DuPont. He also describes his impressions of various members of the du Pont family.
James Elmer Gamble, 1981 April 24
2 sound cassettes (90 min.) : analog. TRT 1:49:30.
Box 4, Casette 150-151
Existence and Location of Copies
Transcript available.
Biographical Note
James Elmer Gamble (b. 1903) was born in Henry Clay and grew up in Forty Acres, Wilmington. His father worked as a carpenter for DuPont, and his mother also grew up along the Brandywine. His uncle, Sam Frizzell, had a grocery store at Hagley. He worked at the Experimental Station for 39 years.
Scope and Content
Interviewer: Dorothy Tremaine in Claymont, Delaware
Gamble recounts various family members and their history. He also describes the layout of the yards, his childhood at Hagley, gardening and chores, his first job at Capo's Drugstore, and his education.
James Elmer Gamble, 1984 April 5
2 sound cassettes (90 min.) : analog. TRT 2:01:27.
Box 4, Casette 152-153
Existence and Location of Copies
Transcript available.
Scope and Content
Interviewer: Marge Lotter in Claymont, Delaware
Gamble describes his house in Henry Clay in detail as well as his uncle's house, the layout of the villages along the Brandywine, various taverns in the community, his family history, and his education. He also recounts his childhood: swimming in the Brandywine, playing baseball and football and marbles, and sledding. He describes various explosions that he remembers.
James Elmer Gamble, 1984 June 21
2 sound cassettes (90 min.) : analog. TRT 2:26:01.
Box 4, Casette 154-155
Existence and Location of Copies
Transcript available.
Scope and Content
Interviewer: Marge Lotter in Claymont, Delaware
Gamble describes his family's history and various artifacts received from family members, his grandfather and father's careers with DuPont and in stone quarries, his first jobs, typical foods and chores, and taverns and businesses in Wilmington.
Mary Sweeney Gibson, 1980 May 13
1 sound cassette (90 min.) : analog. TRT 1:17:36.
Box 4, Casette 156
Existence and Location of Copies
Transcript available.
Biographical Note
Mary Sweeney Gibson (b. 1897) grew up along the Brandywine; her father, an Irish immigrant, worked in the powder mills.
Scope and Content
Interviewers: Margaret Richitelli and Sarah Barnes
Gibson describes an explosion that killed her mother's first husband, her education at St. Joseph's, cooking and shopping, medical care, holiday celebrations, and peeling willows. She also describes her family's history and emigration from Ireland.
Bruce Green, 1974 March 28
1 sound tape reel : 3.75 ips. TRT 0:50:04.
Box 3, Reel 67
Existence and Location of Copies
Transcript available.
Biographical Note
Bruce Green (b. 1893) describes how his father was able to get a job through a connection with T. Coleman du Pont, moving Green and himself to Wilmington and boarding with Bidermann du Pont.
Scope and Content
Interviewer: Mary Sam Ward in Wilmington, Delaware
Green details his various jobs for DuPont, including tearing down old buildings in the 1930s and 1940s, hauling sand and stone to the family estates, working as a receiving clerk at Hagley Yard, and helping his father find horses with which to furnish the powder company. He also describes his impressions of various members of the du Pont family, particularly T. Coleman du Pont and his wife and children. He also describes T. Coleman’s plans for DuPont Highway
Bertha Gregg, 1989 March 17, 1989 March 23
2 sound cassettes (90 min.) : analog. TRT 2:46:32.
Box 4, Casette 157-158
Existence and Location of Copies
Transcript available.
Biographical Note
Bertha Gregg worked at Hagley Yards for a few short weeks during World War I until an explosion scared her and she elected not to return to work.
Scope and Content
Interviewer: Dorothy Johnson in Wilmington, Delaware
Gregg describes her duties at Hagley. Her interview describes her courtship and early years of marriage with her husband, Pete, a grocer; a flu epidemic that she suffered during a pregnancy; her family history; daily life in Wilmington; and holiday and special traditions.
Anthony W. Grieco, 1988 October 7
1 sound cassette (90 min.) : analog. TRT 1:21:33.
Box 4, Casette 159
Existence and Location of Copies
Transcript available.
Biographical Note
Anthony W. Grieco (b. 1900), the son of Italian immigrants, began working for DuPont in 1916 to help his parents support his family that lived in North East, Maryland.
Scope and Content
Interviewer: Dick Scott in Wilmington, Delaware
Grieco describes his daily job responsibilities in the box shop and his soldering work, explosions that occurred at the packing house during his working career, race riots in Chester, and his life in a boarding house. He also describes daily life in Wilmington, including weekend entertainment.
Reefa Hackendorn, 1989 July 12
1 sound cassette (90 min.) : analog. TRT 0:40:54.
Box 4, Casette 160
Existence and Location of Copies
Transcript available.
Biographical Note
Reefa Sites Hackendorn (b. 1903) moved to Delaware in 1918 and married Eugene Hackendorn, Jr., the son of a powder mill worker who grew up in Henry Clay.
Scope and Content
Interviewer: Peggy Bennett in Wilmington, Delaware
Hackendorn recounts stories from her husband's childhood along the Brandywine. Eugene Hackendorn worked as a time keeper for the DuPont Company and was one of two men who survived an explosion. She also describes the family's religion and the children's pastimes.
Samuel Hackendorn, 1958 July 24
1 sound tape reel : 3.75 ips. TRT 1:43:37.
Box 6, Reel 286
Existence and Location of Copies
Transcript available.
Biographical Note
Samuel Hackendorn (b. 1872) was born in Alsace-Lorraine, and his parents immigrated to the United States shortly after his birth and his father obtained a job in the grinding mill with DuPont. The family lived in Charles Banks and in Free Park.
Scope and Content
Interviewers: Norman B. Wilkinson and Joseph P. Monigle in Wilmington, Delaware
Hackendorn describes growing up along the Brandywine, including his schooling at St. Joseph's on the Brandywine, games the children would play, the family home in Free Park, his first job at a cotton mill, and his impressions of various members of the du Pont family. He also describes his career working in different companies.
Joseph A. Haley, 1955 February 23
1 sound tape reel : 3.75 ips. TRT 1:01:54.
Box 6, Reel 285
Existence and Location of Copies
Transcript available.
Biographical Note
Joseph A. Haley (b. 1875) began working at Hagley in 1898, having worked on A.I. du Pont's farms previously. He worked as a spare man in all of the jobs until he became powder foreman in 1912.
Scope and Content
Interviewers: Joseph P. Monigle and Norman B. Wilkinson in Wilmington, Delaware
Haley describes his impressions of Alfred I. du Pont, his working career with the company, entertainment and amusement along the Brandywine, and the various aspects of the powder business.
Donald Hallam, 1980 September 2
1 sound cassette (90 min.) : analog. TRT 1:20:38.
Box 4, Casette 161
Existence and Location of Copies
Transcript available.
Biographical Note
Donald Hallam was an electrical engineer, and his father and grandfather both worked for Bancroft.
Scope and Content
Interviewer: Dorothy Tremaine in Wilmington, Delaware
Hallam describes his father's childhood along the Brandywine at Bancroft Mills, including entertainment, pranks, and chores. He describes the house in which his father grew up in detail. His mother also recounts working for Bancroft during the war. Hallam describes his own childhood growing up in Wilmington.
Mrs. James Hammond, 1969
1 sound tape reel : 3.75 ips. TRT 0:19:03.
Box 3, Reel 68
Biographical Note
Mrs. James Hammond was a niece of Louise du Pont Crowninshield.
Scope and Content
Interviewer: Mary Sam Ward in Boca Grande, Florida
Hammond describes her relationship with Mrs. Crowninshield as very close, stating that Mrs. Crowninshield considered Hammond and her children to be like her own children. She recounts various events, including outdoor luncheons and trips with her aunt. She gives a detailed description of Mrs. Crowninshield's personality and interests, including her love for gardening, decorating, and philanthropy. She also describes Mrs. Crowninshield's influence on her as well as people who influenced Mrs. Crowninshield.
John Victor Hawkins, 1984 March 27
1 sound cassette (90 min.) : analog. TRT 1:30:27.
Box 4, Casette 162
Existence and Location of Copies
Transcript available.
Biographical Note
John Victor Hawkins (b. 1917) grew up in the Flats, owned by Bancroft, as well as in Wilmington. His father worked in the box factory at Hagley Yard.
Scope and Content
Interviewer: Betty Wagner in New Castle, Delaware
Hawkins describes his parents' background as well as his childhood growing up in the Flats, including entertainment and games, chores, local businesses, Christmas and Fourth of July traditions, typical dress, and his house.
Ethel Louella Jones Hayward, 1983 August 23
1 sound cassette (90 min.) : analog. TRT 0:47:19.
Box 4, Casette 163
Existence and Location of Copies
Transcript available.
Biographical Note
Ethel Louella Jones Hayward (b. 1900) grew up in the villages along the Brandywine in the Charles I. du Pont home; her father worked in the powder mills, and later tested the powder in the laboratory. He also worked as the village violin teacher.
Scope and Content
Interviewer: Louise Meyers in Wilmington, Delaware
Hayward describes the chores her family members performed, her education, typical pastimes and amusements, the layout of the villages, some explosions, and Christmas traditions.
Ethel Louella Jones Hayward, 1984 February 16
1 sound cassette (90 min.) : analog. TRT 1:19:08.
Box 4, Casette 164
Existence and Location of Copies
Transcript available.
Scope and Content
Interviewer: Dorothy Johnson in Wilmington, Delaware
Hayward describes the Charles I. du Pont house and her bedroom in detail. Her interview also details the springhouse, doing the laundry, her father's violin hobby, and gardening.
Ethel Louella Jones Hayward, 1984 November 27
2 sound cassettes (90 min.) : analog. TRT 2:35:53.
Box 4, Casette 165-166
Existence and Location of Copies
Transcript available.
Scope and Content
Interviewer: Louise Meyers in Wilmington, Delaware
Hayward describes daily living along the Brandywine, including canning, grocery shopping, gardening, her schooling, and chores. She gives a tour of her home from memory. She also describes attending church on Sunday, holiday celebrations, funerals, medical care, and various possessions that the family owned.
Ethel Louella Jones Hayward, 1987 April 21
1 sound cassette (90 min.) : analog. TRT 1:32:14.
Box 5, Casette 167
Existence and Location of Copies
Transcript available.
Scope and Content
Interviewers: Peggy Bennett, Marge Lotter, and Dorothy Johnson in Wilmington, Delaware
Hayward describes Christmas traditions along the Brandywine, including decorations, foods prepared, and gifts received. She also describes family life during her early childhood, including daily life, clothing, and her doll collection.
Ethel Louella Jones Hayward, 1989 January 18
1 sound cassette (90 min.) : analog. TRT 1:11:09.
Box 5, Casette 168
Existence and Location of Copies
Transcript available.
Scope and Content
Interviewers: Martha Julian and Maureen Hanrahan in Wilmington, Delaware
Hayward discusses laundry day growing up, medical care, trips into the city, and her impressions of the du Pont family.
Katherine Kindbeiter Hazzard, 1984 March 21
2 sound cassettes (90 min.) : analog. TRT 1:36:59.
Box 6, Cassette 248-249
Biographical Note
Katherine Kindbeiter Hazzard (b. 1910) grew up in Walker's Bank along the Brandywine; both of her grandfathers worked for DuPont in the powder mills.
Scope and Content
Interviewer: Marge Lotter in Wilmington, Delaware
Hazzard describes her childhood, including the house in which she grew up, daily chores, activities and amusements, and her impressions of various du Pont family members. She also discusses her education, various anecdotes about her father and mother, and the candy store her father opened after her lost his legs working for the railroad. She also recounts going into Wilmington for shopping and Christmas traditions.
Existence and Location of Copies
Transcript available.
Katherine Kindbeiter Hazzard, 1984 May 30
2 sound cassettes (90 min.) : analog. TRT 1:36:46.
Box 6, Casette 250-251
Existence and Location of Copies
Transcript available.
Scope and Content
Interviewer: Marge Lotter in Wilmington, Delaware
Hazzard describes her grandmother's role in her life and as the midwife for the area, laundry and other chores, and medical care. She also describes typical dress, explosions, and their neighbors. She also discusses games that the children would play, Easter traditions, making sauerkraut with her father, cooking and shopping, and typical dress.
Katherine Kindbeiter Hazzard, 1984 June 1
1 sound cassette (90 min.) : analog. TRT 1:20:18.
Box 6, Casette 252
Existence and Location of Copies
Transcript available.
Scope and Content
Interviewer: Marge Lotter in Wilmington, Delaware
Hazzard describes the towns along the Brandywine and the neighborhood in detail. She also describes the family's possessions, daily chores, and special occasion clothes. She recounts the advent of electricity, socializing among the women, and local businesses.
Katherine Kindbeiter Hazzard, 1985 May 11
2 sound cassettes (90 min.) : analog. TRT 1:39:02.
Box 6, Casette 253-254
Existence and Location of Copies
Transcript available.
Scope and Content
Interviewer: Dorothy Johnson in Wilmington, Delaware
Hazzard describes her education, how her parents met, laundry and chores, and various games and amusements in which the children engaged. She also describes cooking, family pets, the family's first car, and her neighbors.
Margaret Headley, 1984 February 22
2 sound cassettes (90 min.) : analog. TRT 1:00:57.
Box 6, Casette 255-256
Existence and Location of Copies
Transcript available.
Biographical Note
Margaret Godfrey Headley was the daughter and granddaughter of powder mill workers who grew up in Wilmington and along the Brandywine.
Scope and Content
Interviewer: Betty Wagner
Headley describes the trolley into Wilmington, her uncle's home in Henry Clay, the layout of Wagoner's Row, peeling willows, and her family life growing up in Wilmington.
William Hetherton, 1985 February 28
1 sound cassette (90 min.) : analog. TRT 0:51:13.
Box 6, Casette 257
Existence and Location of Copies
Transcript available.
Biographical Note
William Hetherton (b. 1915) briefly lived in Henry Clay Village with his aunt as a young man after his father died. His father had worked for both Bancroft and DuPont, and his mother was born in Long Row at Hagley.
Scope and Content
Interviewer: Louise Meyers in Wilmington, Delaware
Hetherton describes life in the village, including daily chores, fishing in the Brandywine, local businesses, and Wilmington in the early twentieth century.
Harold W. Hocker, 1975 June 24-25
1 sound cassette (120 min.) : analog. TRT 1:46:12.
Box 6, Casette 258
Biographical Note
Harold W. Hocker (b. 1892) was born in Philadelphia. His father began brush manufacturing in Lewes, Delaware.
Scope and Content
Interviewer: James Edmonson
Hocker describes the creation of the H.W. Hocker Manufacturing Company, including how the company handled the Great Depression, the development of brush manufacturing and the trajectory of the company, and other products that they produced, including bottle caps and aluminum cans. He also touches on the equipment used, ordering materials for the process, and learning how to make brushes. He discusses the fear of spreading anthrax in the import of bristles, waste in the brush process, and attempting to use synthetic materials. He also describes the machines used as well as other tools of the trade. Hocker talks about publishing trade catalogs and the standardization of brush-making. Finally, he describes the conception of the idea and the typical brush market.
Clement Hoopes, 1969 July 3
1 sound tape reel : 1.875 ips. TRT 0:56:38.
Box 3, Reel 69
Existence and Location of Copies
Transcript available.
Biographical Note
Clement L. Hoopes (b. 1904) moved to the villages along the Brandywine after his father became superintendent of Hagley Yards in 1917. Prior to that, his father and grandfather had worked for Hoopes and Townsend Iron Nuts and Bolts.
Scope and Content
Interviewers: Norman B. Wilkinson and John Scafidi in Wilmington, Delaware
Hoopes describes the villages, his memories of explosions, and impressions of various du Pont family members.
Thomas Hoopes, 1969 July 23
1 sound tape reel : 3.75 ips. TRT Part 1 - 1:36:38, Part 2 - 0:13:39.
Box 1, Reel 7
Existence and Location of Copies
Transcript available.
Biographical Note
Thomas Hoopes (b. 1894) worked for Hoopes Brothers & Darlington Wagon Wheel Manufacturers, a family business, for 65 years.
Scope and Content
Interviewers: John Scafidi and Allan Ryff in West Chester, Pennsylvania
Hoopes gives a history of the company including the addition of rubber to wagon wheels, the changes the company underwent during World War II, the introduction of electricity, the relationships with the competition, best business practices, the management of the company, and different types of tires.
Ann Hudson (Mrs. Joseph Hudson), 1968 August 1
1 sound tape reel : 3.75 ips. TRT Part 1 - 1:01:27, Part 2 - 0:46:02.
Box 3, Reel 72
Existence and Location of Copies
Transcript available.
Biographical Note
Ann Hackendorn Hudson (b. 1894) grew up in the Upper Banks to a family of DuPont powder mill workers.
Scope and Content
Interviewer: John Scafidi in Wilmington, Delaware
Hudson describes growing up along the Brandywine, including the neighborhood and buildings, her family history, the trolley lines, and local businesses. She also describes her education and Sunday school, games and amusements, medical care, and excursions on Alfred I. du Pont's boat. She recounts her memories of explosions and reactions to them.
Catherine C. Irving (Mrs. A. Duer Irving), 1974 February 21
1 sound tape reel : 3.75 ips. TRT Part 1 - 1:05:00, Part 2 - 0:28:22.
Box 3, Reel 65
Existence and Location of Copies
Transcript available.
Biographical Note
Catherine C. Irving (Mrs. A. Duer Irving) married the grandson of General Henry du Pont in 1910.
Scope and Content
Interviewer: Mary Sam Ward
Irving describes in detail her relationship with her husband's cousin, Mrs. Louise du Pont Crowninshield, including her interests and personality. She briefly describes relationships with other members of the du Pont family.
Mary Braden Jackson, 1986 June 8
2 sound cassettes (90 min.) : analog. TRT 1:58:59.
Box 6, Casette 259-260
Existence and Location of Copies
Transcript available.
Biographical Note
Mary Braden Jackson (b. 1895) grew up in Chicken Alley, Long Row, and Squirrel Run. Her father, Henry Braden, was an Irish immigrant who worked as a fireman and engineer at Hagley Yards, and her mother, Elizabeth Baxter Braden, was a Scottish immigrant. Raised by her stepmother after her mother's death, Jackson grew up with her five sisters along the Brandywine.
Scope and Content
Interviewer: Peggy Bennett in Newark, Delaware
Jackson describes her childhood, including the houses in which she grew up, daily chores, her impressions of A.I. du Pont, games the children would play, her neighbors, attending church, and her impressions of Louise du Pont Crowninshield.
Mary Braden Jackson, 1986 July 13
1 sound cassette (90 min.) : analog. TRT 1:27:05.
Box 6, Casette 261
Existence and Location of Copies
Transcript available.
Scope and Content
Interviewer: Peggy Bennett in Newark, Delaware
Jackson's second interview describes Sam Frizzell's store, the du Pont family as landlords, Christmas and Thanksgiving traditions, and Easter and Fourth of July parties, Mrs. Crowninshield's Willing Workers, the library at Christ Church, and daily life along the Brandywine. She also describes the 100th and 150th anniversary celebrations of the DuPont company in detail.
Mary Braden Jackson, 1986 August 17
2 sound cassettes (90 min.) : analog. TRT 2:19:58.
Box 6, Casette 262-263
Scope and Content
Interviewer: Peggy Bennett in Newark, Delaware
Jackson's third interview describes the Squirrel Run house in detail, Tom Toy's tavern and Dugan's tavern, her understanding of the mill workers' job responsibilities, her father's garden, ordering from Larkin's catalog, and typical dress and shoes. She also discusses her working career at Pennsylvania Railroad and dating customs.
Existence and Location of Copies
Transcript available.
Mary Braden Jackson, 1986 September 14
2 sound cassettes (90 min.) : analog. TRT 1:59:32.
Box 6, Casette 264-265
Existence and Location of Copies
Transcript available.
Scope and Content
Interviewer: Peggy Bennett in Newark, Delaware
Jackson's fourth interview describes the Stewart House, typical preparations for babies, christening celebrations, the girls' baseball team, how women curled and colored their hair, superstitions, transportation, and music lessons on the organ. She also describes who her friends were and various possessions in her house growing up.
Mary Braden Jackson, 1989 January 19
1 sound cassette (90 min.) : analog. TRT 0:54:21.
Box 6, Casette 266
Existence and Location of Copies
Transcript available.
Scope and Content
Interviewers: Martha Julian and Maureen Hanrahan in Newark, Delaware
Jackson's fifth and final interview details the laundry process, how her mother made clothes, and her relationship with her stepmother.
John M. Johnson and Franklin Hanway, 1969 August 26
1 sound tape reel : 3.75 ips. TRT 1:25:22.
Box 6, Reel 288
Existence and Location of Copies
Transcript available.
Biographical Note
Franklin L. Hanway (b. 1904) and John M. Johnson (b. 1899) were both employees at Longwood estate, and each served there for 47 years before retirement. Hanway began working at Longwood in 1922 after graduating from high school, having had worked there during summers during his school years. Johnson had been a farmer and then moved to Longwood in 1919; P.S. du Pont paid for his education in combustion engineering.
Scope and Content
Interviewers: Norman B. Wilkinson and John Scafidi in Hamorton, Pennsylvania
Johnson and Hanway discuss why Mr. du Pont bought the estate, the farming operations at Longwood, the development of the Italian water gardens, work benefits, and various interactions with du Pont family members.
George Washington Jones, 1984 April 17
2 sound cassettes (90 min.) : analog. TRT 2:19:22.
Box 6, Casette 267-268
Existence and Location of Copies
Transcript available.
Biographical Note
George Washington Jones (b. 1903) grew up in Henry Clay Village along the Brandywine; his father worked in the laboratory at the saltpeter refinery.
Scope and Content
Interviewer: Louise Meyers in Wilmington, Delaware
Jones describes various chores he did around the house and his job caddying at the Wilmington Country Club, games the children played, his hobby of painting, and his schooling and education. He also describes Halloween traditions, parades, picnics, neighborhood bullies, healthcare, and general daily life.
George Washington Jones, 1984 April 25
2 sound cassettes (90 min.) : analog. TRT 2:25:23.
Box 6, Casette 269-270
Existence and Location of Copies
Transcript available.
Scope and Content
Interviewer: Louise Meyers in Wilmington, Delaware
In the second part of his interview, Jones discusses married life for young people, preparation for babies, how women curled their hair, explosions, various objects the family owned, and daily life in his childhood.
George Washington Jones, 1985 March 4
2 sound cassettes (90 min.) : analog. TRT 1:52:45.
Box 6, Casette 271-272
Existence and Location of Copies
Transcript available.
Scope and Content
Interviewer: Louise Meyers in Wilmington, Delaware
In the third part of his interview, Jones describes his house and garden in detail, weekend activities, birthdays, wakes, typical dress, different types of wedding receptions, Thanksgiving traditions, typical amusements, and other daily life activities in the early twentieth century.
Eleanor Kane, 1984 February 21
1 sound cassette (90 min.) : analog. TRT 0:51:16.
Box 5, Casette 169
Existence and Location of Copies
Transcript available.
Biographical Note
Eleanor Kane (b. 1908) was the granddaughter of two Irish immigrants; her grandfather worked in the powder mills and her mother grew up in Free Park.
Scope and Content
Interviewer: Peggy Bennett in Wilmington, Delaware
Kane describes her family history and her grandparents' home in detail, including the interior, backyard and garden, and their neighbors, the Seitz family. She describes her mother's childhood as well as her own childhood visiting her grandparents, including transportation, wedding traditions, and her grandfather's illness during his working career.
Joseph and Mary Todd Kauss, 1981 February 17
2 sound cassettes (90 min.) : analog. TRT 1:41:47.
Box 5, Casette 183-184
Existence and Location of Copies
Transcript available.
Biographical Note
Mary Todd Kauss (b. 1900) grew up in Breck's Lane and worked at Copeland's; her father worked in the dye works at Bancroft and her mother's father, DeWeiss Craig, worked in the office at the DuPont Company. Joseph B. Kauss (b. 1898) started working at Hagley Yards as a stenographer when he was a young man.
Scope and Content
Interviewer: Dorothy Tremaine in Wilmington, Delaware
The Kausses discuss general daily life growing up along the Brandywine, including schooling, childhood pastimes, transportation, daily chores, vacationing in Atlantic City, holiday and wedding traditions, typical food and dress, and various possessions in the homes. Mr. Kauss also discusses his working career for DuPont.
Joseph B. Kauss, 1969 July 11
1 sound tape reel : 3.75 ips. TRT 1:34:47.
Box 6, Reel 289
Existence and Location of Copies
Transcript available.
Biographical Note
Joseph B. Kauss (b. 1898) was born in Wilmington and obtained an education at Goldey College, becoming a bookkeeper and stenographer and working for various companies. He ultimately obtained a position as a stenographer for the DuPont company.
Scope and Content
Interviewers: John Scafidi and Faith Pizor in Wilmington, Delaware
Kauss describes the differences between the mills when Kauss worked there and in 1969, when the interview was conducted. He also describes his working career at DuPont in detail, including his wages, work environment, and the layout of Hagley Yards. He also describes life in Wilmington, including union and gang activity.
James Kindbeiter, 1984 April 6
1 sound cassette (90 min.) : analog. TRT 1:32:05.
Box 5, Cassette 185
Existence and Location of Copies
Transcript available.
Biographical Note
James Kindbeiter (b. 1905) lived at Walker's Bank for twenty years. His grandfather was the superintendent at the Experimental Station, and his father also worked at the powder yard, eventually taking a position with the Pennsylvania Railroad Company. Kindbeiter's mother was born in Squirrel Run. He eventually became a machinist, learning his trade at the Experimental Station.
Scope and Content
Interviewer: Peggy Bennett in Claymont, Delaware
Kindbeiter describes community life at Hagley, including church life at St. Joseph's, the house layout, the Gun Club, children's pastimes and entertainments, daily chores, and Christmas and holiday traditions.
James Kindbeiter, 1984 April 13
2 sound cassettes (90 min.) : analog. TRT 2:10:54.
Box 5, Cassette 186-187
Existence and Location of Copies
Transcript available.
Scope and Content
Interviewer: Peggy Bennett in Claymont, Delaware
Kindbeiter describes Christmas traditions, the introduction of electricity, various pranks the children would play, saloons and businesses in the community, and various anecdotes about community members and du Pont family members. He also talks about his working career at the Experimental Station, including his mentor Leon Lloyd.
Phillip Kirkland, 1990 December 4
1 sound cassette (90 min.) : analog. TRT 0:15:26.
Box 5, Cassette 170
Biographical Note
Philip Kirkland was a welder for the DuPont Company.
Scope and Content
Interviewer: Anonymous
Kirkland describes his career working with the spray welding devices, including a detailed description of the function of the machine and the origins of the parts. He also briefly describes his working career, including business practices of the company.
John E. Krauss, 1958 May 14
1 sound tape reel : 3.75 ips. TRT Part 1 - 0:58:46, Part 2 - 0:47:38.
Box 2, Reel 45
Existence and Location of Copies
Transcript available.
Biographical Note
John E. Krauss (b. 1889) was born in Squirrel Run to a Swiss immigrant father, Emile Krauss, who worked at Hagley Yards, and an Irish immigrant mother. He attended West Chester Teacher's College in 1905, and began to teach at St. George's School in Delaware upon graduation, ultimately working in New Jersey for a few years. Finally, he ended up working for the Wilmington Chamber of Commerce and later for DuPont.
Scope and Content
Interviewers: Norman B. Wilkinson and Joseph P. Monigle in Wilmington, Delaware
Krauss describes his father's working career, including an incident in which Mr. Krauss asked Mr. Francis G. du Pont not to smoke a cigar near the powder mill. His interview describes his childhood at Squirrel Run, including his education at A.I. du Pont School, his summer jobs in the mill at Hagley, his impressions of du Pont family members, and his later working career at DuPont.
John E. Krauss, 1958 May 28
1 sound tape reel : 3.75 ips. TRT Part 3 - 1:04:51.
Box 2, Reel 46
Existence and Location of Copies
Transcript available.
Scope and Content
Interviewers: Norman B. Wilkinson and Joseph P. Monigle in Wilmington, Delaware
Krauss describes his father's working career, including an incident in which Mr. Krauss asked Mr. Francis G. du Pont not to smoke a cigar near the powder mill. His interview describes his childhood at Squirrel Run, including his education at A.I. du Pont School, his summer jobs in the mill at Hagley, his impressions of du Pont family members, and his later working career at DuPont.
Faith Betty Lattomus, 1984 April 19
2 sound cassettes (90 min.) : analog. TRT 1:37:15.
Box 5, Cassette 188-189
Existence and Location of Copies
Transcript available.
Biographical Note
Faith Betty Lattomus (b. 1907) was born in Squirrel Run, and grew up in Wagoner's Row. Her father was the head of the du Pont family's farming operation.
Scope and Content
Interviewer: Betty Wagner
Lattomus describes the layout and communities of the various villages along the Brandywine, her house in Wagoner's Row, chores and daily routines, transportation, and entertainments and parties. She also describes her involvement at Christ Church and teaching Sunday school there.
Faith Betty Lattomus and Madeline Betty Walls, 1969 June 12, 1969 June 25
1 sound tape reel : 1.875 ips. TRT 3:04:01.
Box 6, Reel 288
Existence and Location of Copies
Transcript available.
Biographical Note
Sisters Faith Betty Lattomus (b. 1907) and Madaline Betty Walls (b. 1901) grew up in Wagoner's Row. Their father was the head of the du Pont family's farming operation, and their grandfather also worked for DuPont and lived in Squirrel Run. Their grandmother served as a nursemaid to Colonel Henry du Pont.
Scope and Content
Interviewers: Norman B. Wilkinson and John Scafidi
The first part of the interview describes their family history, the houses in Squirrel Run and Wagoner's Row, the political opinions of residents in the community, their education at A.I. du Pont School, and the various transfers of property that occurred in the area. The second part of the interview concerns guard duties around the property, interactions with members of the du Pont family, the children's entertainments and sports, holiday parties, different businesses in the community and in Wilmington, and daily life.
Martina Lawless, 1984 February 21
2 sound cassettes (90 min.) : analog. TRT 2:22:34.
Box 5, Cassette 190-191
Existence and Location of Copies
Transcript available.
Biographical Note
Martina Lawless (b. 1901) was born in the Wilmington area, and her parents lived in and ran Mount Pleasant Hotel.
Scope and Content
Interviewer: Dorothy Johnson in Wilmington, Delaware
Lawless discusses daily life and chores, the hotel in which the family lived, an explosion in the Packing House, the Cathol