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Sperry Rand Corporation, UNIVAC Division records
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Sperry Rand Corporation, UNIVAC Division records

Accession 1825.I

Manuscripts and Archives Department, Hagley Museum and Library


PO Box 3630
Wilmington, Delaware, 19807
302-658-2400
research@hagley.org

Finding aid prepared by Ellen Felser Morfei, 1995

This finding aid was produced using the Archivists' Toolkit 2013-04-19T15:29-0400

Finding aid prepared using best local practices and Describing Archives: A Content Standard

Cite items for this collection in the following format:
[Description and dates], Box/folder number, Sperry Rand Corporation, UNIVAC Division records (Accession 1825.I), Hagley Museum and Library, Wilmington, DE 19807

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Descriptive Summary

Title: Sperry Rand Corporation, UNIVAC Division records
Dates: 1935-1985
Accession Number: 1825.I
Creator: Sperry Rand Corporation. UNIVAC Division.
Extent: 616 linear feet
Repository: Hagley Museum and Library: Manuscripts and Archives Department
Abstract: The collection documents most of Sperry-UNIVAC's major company functions and includes a large body of materials generated by the Sperry-Honeywell lawsuit that revolved around the question about who invented the first electronic-digital computer.
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Administrative Information


Provenance

Deposit of Unisys Corporation, 1982

Access Restrictions

Some records subject to 25-year time seal.

Use Restrictions

Literary rights retained by depositor.

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Historical Note

The Sperry Corporation's UNIVAC Division derived from the Eckert-Mauchly Computer Corporation, founded in 1946 by J. Presper Eckert and John W. Mauchly, the developers of ENIAC, the first electronic digital computer. The firm began the development of the UNIVAC, the first stored memory digital computer for commercial applications. Capital shortages forced Eckert and Mauchly to sell the firm to Remington Rand, Inc., a major manfuacturer of business machines, in 1950. The first UNIVAC was delivered in March 1951. To cement its lead in computer manufacture, Remington Rand purchased the Minnesota firm of Engineering Research Associates, a computer company with ties to the defense industry, in 1952. The two acquisitions were consolidated to form the UNIVAC Division.

As the first commercial computer system, UNIVAC made a dramatic impression on the American public. At the suggestion of Remington Rand, CBS Television used a UNIVAC to predict the outcome of the 1952 presidential election. This marvelous public relations stroke helped UNIVAC capture the imagination of the nation. During the early 1950s forty-six UNIVAC I models were sold. However, in 1954 IBM introduced its 650 computer, which was a great commercial and technological success, and Remington Rand saw its lead vanish almost overnight.

On June 30, 1955, Remington Rand merged with the Sperry Corporation, a manufacturer of guidance systems, servomechanisms​, feedback controls and precision machinery, to form the Sperry Rand Corporation. After the merger, the company attempted to recapture the market with the UNIVAC II, which had a magnetic core memory and a storage capacity of between 2,000 and 10,000 characters. However, by the mid-50s the initiative had clearly passed to IBM, although many industry observers believed that the UNIVACs were technically superior to IBM computers. By the early 1960s IBM controlled 71 per cent of the computer market, with Sperry Rand a distant second at 10 per cent.

The Patent Office finally issued a patent on the ENIAC in 1964, and Sperry Rand used this to put forward a claim to basic patent rights on the electronic digital computer. Honeywell, Inc., contested this claim, and the case was tried in the U.S. District Court for the District of Minnesota in 1971-1973. Honeywell was eventually upheld on all counts.

The Sperry Rand Corporation was renamed the Sperry Corporation in July 1979. In 1986 as the result of a hostile takeover, it was absorbed by the Burroughs Corporation, which then changed its name to Unisys Corporation.

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Scope and Content

The collection documents most of Sperry-UNIVAC's major company functions from its beginnings into the 1970s and includes a large body of materials generated by the Sperry-Honeywell lawsuit that revolved around the question about who invented the first electronic-digital computer.

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Bibliography

Michael Nash, Computers, Automation, and Cybernetics at the Hagley Museum and Library (Greenville, Del.: Hagley Museum & Library, 1989).

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Appendices

Appendix I

Alphabetical Listing of Witness Files
Adlemann, Morris
Andrews, Ernest
Atanasoff, John
Atanasoff, Lura
Auerbach, Albert
Auerbach, Isaac
Baas, John
Barron, Wallace
Beam, Walter
Berlinsky, Anthony
Berneking, William
Bigelow, Julian
Binger, James
Brainerd, John
Bremberg, Bruce
Brenner, Edward
Brooks, Joe
Buchanan, Robert
Bullard, Hugh
Burks, Arthur
Cannon, Edward
Carr, Percy
Cavender,
Chedaker, Joseph
Clippenger, Richard
Coleman, Ithael
Davis, Albert
Desch, Joseph
Dickinson, Arthur
Dombrowski, Robert
Dunn, Stannard
Dustin, H. Mial
Eason, Leroy
Elbigner, Lewis
Elliot, herbert
Ellis, Murray
English, Charles
Epstein, Herbert
Etienne, Alexander
Finigan, William
Finke, Walter
Gambrell, James
Goldstine, Herman
Greer, Raymond
Griffen, Daniel
Hanson, Henry
Hirshfeld, Joseph
Holberton, Francis E.
Holberton, John
Joly, Joseph
Kempton, Gregory
Kenosian, Harry
Ladd, David
Leas, Wesley
Legvold, Sam
Luhowy, George
Lukoff, Herman
markham, Jesse
mdasterson, Earl
Mauchly, Kathleen
McBride, Daniel
McGovern, Patrick
McHugh, William
McPherson, James L.
McPherson, John C.
Michael, F. Robert
Miller, Frederick
Morgan, Minot
Mumma, Robert
Murphy, Gleen
Murray, Donald
Oakley, Bert
Ondrick, Charles
Padden, Frederick
Peirce, E. Read
Peper, Denis
Pflieger, Larry
Phelps, Byron
Pigott, Jr., Chales
Pokotilow, Manny
Rajchman, Jan
Richards, RIchard K.
Ritchings, Robert
Rose, Kenneth
Russinoff, Albert
Schmitter, Charles
Schrimpf, Henry
Smith, Paul
Spence, Homer
Sweet, Joseph
Talmage, William
Travis, Irven
Ulam, Stanislaw
Warren, Read
Warshaw, Julius
Wheeler, John
Wilson, Lou
WilsonAuerbach
Winsor, Paul
Wyman, Irma
Zworykin

Appendix II

Master Witness List

The following is a list of all persons who testified on behalf of Plaintiff. The list is arranged alphabetically, with with a designation of the form of testimony adjacent to the name of each “witness.”

The forms of testimony are as follows:

Live: The “witness” testified live.

Deposition: Plaintiff offered in evidence the deposition or depositions of the “witness.”

Summary of Deposition: Plaintiff offered in evidence a summary of the deposition testimony of the “witness,” but did not offer the deposition itself.

Deposition and Summary of Deposition: Plaintiff offered in evidence the deposition or depositions of a “witness” and a summary or summaries of the deposition or depositions.

When located behind a deposition-related designation, the symbol * indicates that portions of that deposition were read into the record.

The notation to the right of the form of testimony dseignation indicates where a copy of each Witness File can be located.

The location designations are as follows:

DPR: A copy of the file for this witness is located at the offices of Dechert, Price, and Rhoads in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

2E2: A copy of the file is located at UNIVAC Division Site 2E2 in Blue Bell, Pennsylvania.

DPR & 2E2: Copies of the file are located at both the offices of Dechert, Price, and Rhoads, and at UNIVAC Site 2E2.

Adelman, Morris-- Live / DPR
Anderson, Roland A.-- Deposition and Summary of Deposition / DPR
Andrews, Ernest G.-- Deposition/ 2E2
Atanasoff, John V.-- Live / 2E2
Atanasoff, Lura-- Deposition* / 2E2
Auerbach, Albert A.-- Live / 2E2
Baas, John C.-- Summary of Deposition / 2E2
Barron, Wallace E.-- Deposition / 2E2
Bartik, Jean J.-- Summary of Deposition / DPR
Berneking, William B.-- Deposition and Summary of Deposition / 2E2
Binger, James H.-- Live / DPR
Blackwell, H. Jack-- Deposition and Summary of Deposition / DPR
Bloch, Richard M.-- Live / DPR
Brainerd, John G.-- Live / DPR & 2E2
Bremberg, Bruce E.-- Deposition and Summary of Deposition / 2E2
Brooks, Joe R.-- Deposition and Summary of Deposition / 2E2
Buchanan, Robert E.-- Deposition* / 2E2
Bullard, Hugh M.-- Live / DPR
Carr, Percy H.-- Deposition* / 2E2
Cavender, J.T.-- Live / 2E2
Chedaker, Joseph-- Live / DPR & 2E2
Clippinger, Richard F.-- Live / 2E2
Coleman, Ithiel-- Live / 2E2
Davis, Albert S.-- Deposition* / 2E2
Dederick, L.S.-- First and Second Depositions and Summaries of First and Second Depositions / DPR
Desch, Joseph R. -- Deposition* / 2E2
Dickinson, Arthur H.-- Deposition* / 2E2
Dombrowski, Robert K.-- Deposition and Summary of Deposition / 2E2
Dunn, Stannard-- Deposition / 2E2
Dustin, H. Mial-- Deposition and Summary of Deposition / 2E2
Eason, Leroy-- Deposition and Summary of Deposition / 2E2
Elbinger, Lewis-- Live / 2E2
Ellis, Murray-- Live / 2E2
Epstein, Herbert-- Deposition and Summary of Deposition / 2E2
Etienne, A.J.-- Deposition / 2E2
Finigan, William H.-- Deposition and Summary of Deposition / 2E2
Finke, Walter W.-- Live / DPR
Gambrell, James B.-- Live / DPR & 2E2
Geib, Burgess F.-- Live / DPR
Gillon, Paul N.-- Live / DPR & 2E2
Goldstine, Herman H.-- Live / DPR & 2E2
Greer, Raymond C.L.-- Raymond Greer was not allowed to testify by Judge Larson. Plaintiff offered in Greer's stead a “Proof of Testimony.” / 2E2
Griffen, Daniel L.-- Deposition / 2E2
Hanson, Henry L.-- Live / DPR
Hartree, Mrs. Douglas-- Deposition and Summary of Deposition / DPR
Heyman, Henry-- Deposition and Summary of Deposition / DPR
Hirshfeld, Joseph-- Deposition and Summary of Deposition / 2E2
Holberton, Frances Elizabeth Snyder-- Deposition / DPR & 2E2
Holberton, John-- Deposition and Summary of Deposition / DPR & 2E2
Joly, Joseph A.--Deposition and Summary of Deposition / 2E2
Kempton, Gregory C.-- Deposition and Summary of Deposition / 2E2
Kenosian, Harry-- Live / 2E2
Kline, Louis-- Deposition / 2E2
Ladd, David L.-- Live / 2E2
Leas, J. Wesley-- Live / DPR
Legvold, Sam-- Live / 2E2
Lenox, John-- Live / DPR
Luhowy, George-- Live / 2E2
Mark, J. Carson-- Live /DPR
Markel, Herbert F.-- First and Second Depositions / DPR
Markham, Jesse W.-- Live / DPR
Mauchly, ˚Kathleen-- Deposition and Summary of Deposition / DPR & 2E2
McBride, Daniel-- Live / DPR
McGovern, Patrick J.-- Live / 2E2
McHugh, William-- Deposition / 2E2
McPherson, James L.-- Live / 2E2
McPherson, John C.-- Summary of Deposition / 2E2
Meltzer, Marlyn-- Deposition and Summary of Deposition / DPR
Michael, Frank R.-- Live / DPR
Morgan, Minot C.--Deposition and Summary of Deposition / 2E2
Mumma, Robert E.-- Live / 2E2
Murphy, Glenn-- Deposition* / 2E2
Murray, Donald S.-- Deposition and Summary of Deposition / DPR
Oakley, Bert T.-- Deposition / 2E2
Ondrick, Charles-- Deposition / 2E2
Padden, Frederick W.-- Deposition and Summary of Deposition / 2E2
Peirce, E. Read-- Deposition and Summary of Deposition / 2E2
Peper, Denis A.-- Deposition and Summary of Deposition / 2E2
Pfleiger, Larry L.-- Deposition and Summary of Deposition / 2E2
Phelps, Byron E.-- Deposition and Summary of Deposition* / 2E2
Pokotilow, Manny D.-- Live / DPR
Rajchman, Jan A.-- Live / 2E2
Rench, Carl F.-- Live / DPR
Richards, R.K.-- Deposition* / 2E2
Ritchings, Robert H.-- Deposition / 2E2
Rose, Kenneth-- Live / 2E2
Russinoff, Albert-- Deposition / 2E2
Schmitter, Charles-- Deposition / 2E2
Simon, Leslie E.-- Deposition and Summary of Deposition / DPR
Smith, Paul-- Deposition and Summary of Deposition / 2E2
Spangle, Clarence-- Live / DPR
Sweet, Joseph C.-- Deposition and Summary of Deposition / 2E2
Talmage, William H.-- Deposition and Summary of Deposition / 2E2
Teitelbaum, Ruth-- Deposition and Summary of Deposition / DPR
Teller, Edward-- Live / DPR
Travis, Irven-- Live / DPR
Ulam, Stanislaw-- Live / DPR
VanSant, Fred-- Deposition and Summary of Deposition / DPR
Warshaw, Julius-- Live / DPR & 2E2
Wheeler, John N.-- Deposition and Summary of Deposition / 2E2
Wilson, Louis D.-- Live / 2E2
Winsor, Paul III-- Live / 2E2
Wyman, Irma-- Live / DPR
Zworykin, Vladimir K.-- Deposition / 2E2

Appendix III

Interference Files

Relating to the correspondence and papers of the Sperry attorneys in the following casses brought before the Examiner of Inerferences in the United States Patent Office

88,280: Eckert & Lipkin vs. Rajchman (RCA)
88,118: Woods-Hill et al vs. Eckert et al
7,957: Rubens vs. Nordyke
87,872: Eckert et al vs. Hamilton et al
87,779: Eckert et al vs. Dickinson
89,345: Boyden vs. Eckert & Mauchly
89,109: Guterman vs. Eckert et al
88,903: Epstein vs. Eckertet al
88,810: Hall vs. Bonn et al
88,721: Miller vs. Devol
87,706: Thompson vs. Schmitt (Burroughs)
87,611: Elmore vs. Schmitt (Burroughs)
86,965: Meecham vs. Eckert
85,131: Mumma vs. Eckert & Mauchly
85,729: Lewis vs. Eckert
95,961: Lukoff et al vs. Newton
94,710: Norwood vs. Phillips
93,002: Eckert et al vs. Baker et al
93,847: Gilson (Burroughs) vs. Welsh
93,563: Muffley vs. Blain
93,544: Eckert et al vs. Williams et al
93,522: Herwitz et al vs. Breslin et al
93,504: Appleton vs. Goddard et al
93,101: Hollabaugh et al vs. Jones
92,579: Gilson vs. Welsh et al
92,568: Clapper vs. Von Kummer
92,302: Booth & Warren vs. Lawrence
92,230: Henle et al vs. Nordahl et al
92,032: Muffley vs. Welsh
91,714: Cagle & Chen vs. Bonn
91,604: Sziklai vs. Bonn et al
91,549: Eckert vs. Kaplan
91,280: Eckert vs. Reiling
91,261: Eckert et al vs. Baumeister
91,172: Hals vs. Von Kummer vs. CLapper
91,149: Steele vs. Eckert et al
90,885: Kaupman vs. Holt
90,872: Rider et al vs. Saykay
90,844: Torrey vs. Lode
90,694: Hussey vs. Bonn vs. Henle
90,676: Eckert et al vs. Thompson
90,645: Kaplan vs. Eckert
90,644: Lubin vs. Eckert
86,141: Morris vs. Eckert & Mauchly
85,958: Eckert-Mauchly vs. Nelson
90,134: Guterman (Raytheon vs. Kaplan (RCA) vs. Eckert
90,087: Rueger vs. Eckert
9068: Eckert vs. Vogelsong
89,898: Torrey vs. Lode
89,734: Smith vs. Eckert et al
89,618: Bonn vs. Svala
89,560: Atkinson vs. Hasbrouck
85,809: Eckert & Maruchly vs. Nelson
90,305: DUinker vs. Bonn et at
90,307: Yetter vs. Karnaugh (BTL)
90,602: Saykay vs. Rider
90,611: Jacoby vs. Woodland
90,638: Abbott vs. Bonn

Access Points

American Totalisator Company, Inc.
Atanasoff, John V. (John Vincent).
BINAC (Computer).
Bell Telephone Laboratories, inc.
Brainerd, John G. (John Grist), 1904-1988.
Burks, Arthur W. (Arthur Walter), 1915-.
CBS News.
Collective bargaining--Computer industry.
Collective labor agreement--Computer industry.
Computer industry--United States.
Computers.
Control Data Corporation.
Cronkite, Walter.
ENIAC (Computer).
Eckert, J. Presper (John Presper), 1919-1995.
Eckert-Mauchly Computer Corporation (Philadelphia, Pa.).
Electronic data processing.
Electronic digital computers.
Engineering Research Associates.
Foreign licensing agreements.
Goldstine, Herman Heine, 1913-.
Grievance arbitration.
Honeywell, inc.
Hopper, Grace Murray, 1906-1992.
International Business Machines Corporation.
LARC (Computer).
Large Scale High Speed Computing System.
Lukoff, Herman.
Magnetic cores.
Magnetic memory (Calculating-machines).
Mauchly, John W. (John William), 1907-1980.
Moore School of Electrical Engineering.
National Cash Register Company.
Norris, William C., 1911-.
Northrop Aircraft, inc.
Patent suits.
Patents.
Remington Rand Inc.
Remington Rand Inc. UNIVAC Division.
Solid state electronics.
Sperry Corporation.
Sperry Rand Corporation.
Sperry Rand Corporation. UNIVAC Division.
Sperry UNIVAC.
Technitrol, inc.
Typewriters.
UNIVAC 1100 series (Computer).
UNIVAC 1107 (Computer).
UNIVAC computer.
UNIVAC file computer.
Unisys Corporation.
United States. Air Force.
United States. Army. Ordnance Dept.
United States. Bureau of the Census.
United States. National Bureau of Standards.
United States. National Labor Relations Board.
United States. Navy.
United States. Office of Naval Research.
Von Neumann, John, 1903-1957.
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Series Descriptions and Inventory

I. Honeywell vs. Sperry Rand Records, 1935-1973
181 linear feet
Alternative Form Available
Trial transcripts also available on microfiche.
Historical Note
In 1967 Honeywell, Inc., filed suit against the Sperry Rand Corporation and its subsidiary, Illinois Scientific Developments, Inc., in the U.S. District Court for the District of Minnesota to challenge the defendant's patent claims involving the basic design of the electronic digital computer. The trial opened on July 1, 1971, and lasted 135 days.
Sperry Rand's claims were based on the ENIAC, the first operating electronic digital computer, which had been developed by J. Presper Eckert and John W. Mauchly between 1942 and 1945. The ENIAC, with its 18,000 vacuum tubes, had been commissioned to produce ballistics tables for the Army's Ordnance Department, but it did not have stored memory capability.
Eckert and Mauchly formed the Eckert-Mauchly Computer Corporation in 1946 and began to develop a commercially viable computer using R&D funding from the Census Bureau. This funding proved inadequate, and the company was on the verge of bankruptcy in 1949. Eckert and Mauchly were forced to sell the company to the highest bidder, which was Remington Rand, Inc., a major manufacturer of business machines and office equipment. Remington Rand delivered the first UNIVAC computer to the Census Bureau in March 1951. Under devastating competition from the IBM 650 Computer, introduced in 1954, Remington Rand merged with the Sperry Corporation to form Sperry Rand on June 30, 1955.
The Patent Office finally granted a patent on the ENIAC to Eckert and Mauchly in 1964. Sperry Rand then began notifying all computer companies that they were violating its patent rights and offered to license its competitors for a fee of 1.5 per cent. IBM reached a $10 million settlement with Sperry Rand in 1965. Honeywell and Control Data Corporation rejected Sperry Rand's claim. Sperry Rand sued for patent violation and Honeywell countersued, asserting that the patent was fraudulent.
On October 10, 1973, Judge Earl Larson handed down his decision, upholding Honeywell on every count. He concluded that the ENIAC was derived from a primitive prototype computer developed by John V. Atanasoff and Clifford E. Berry at Iowa State University, even though it had never been fully operational. Damages were not awarded as he found the defendants innocent of willful intent to defraud.
Scope and Content
The Honeywell-​Sperry Rand lawsuit produced 50,000 pages of trial transcript, and over 36,000 documents were entered in evidence. Sperry Rand's lawyers produced a huge archive of trial documents. Two major files were created, the "Original file" of documents from Sperry Rand's own archives, and the "Chronolog​ical file" of all documents located during the discovery process and entered as exhibits. The trial archive is a major source on the history of the computer industry.
A. "Original file", 1942-1955
Scope and Content
The "Original file" consists primarily of the records of the Eckert-Mauchly Computer Corporation and documents the efforts of Eckert and Mauchly to develop and market the ENIAC, BINAC, and UNIVAC computers. The records on ENIAC trace the development of the first electronic digital computer from its conception in 1942 through its completion in 1945. Included are a copy of Mauchly's original proposal to the Ordnance Department, a copy of Mauchly's original proposal to the Ordnance Department, his correspondence with John V. Atanasoff, and his lecture notes from the University of Pennsylvania's Moore School of Engineering. There is a complete set of ENIAC progress reports, as well as correspondence between Herman Goldstine, the Army's chief liaison and the engineers who worked on the project. There are also files on the EDVAC computer, the first with stored memory capacity, which was developed by John von Neumann.
The records of the Eckert-Mauchly Computer Corporation proper describe the development of UNIVAC on a component-by-component basis. They include technical memoranda, progress reports, engineering notebooks, and patent files. Customer correspondence includes letters and contracts with the National Bureau of Standards, A.C. Neilsen, Northrop Aviation, Fairchild-NEPA, and the American Totalisator Company.
Box
1 Historical Material Assembled for the Sperry-Honeywell Suit, 1967-1972
1 J.W. Mauchly, J.B. Atanasoff Correspondence, 1941
A. Eckert-Mauchly Computer Corporation, 1947-1951
Scope and Content
Correspondence files trace the development of the Eckert-Mauchly computers. This subseries includes letters and memoranda of John Mauchly, J. Presper Eckert, as well as three of engineers Isaac Aurbach, Irwin Travis, J.R. Weiner, and T.K. Sharpless.
Box
1 Correspondence File - Auerbach, Isaac
1 Correspondence File - Baker, Richard
1 Correspondence File - Bosin, Calvin
1 Correspondence File - Brown, T. Wistar
Box
2 Correspondence File - Clute, George
2 Correspondence File - Dority, John
2 Correspondence File - Dugan, K.
2 Correspondence File - Eckert, J. P. Jr.
2 Correspondence File - Eltgroth, G. V.
Box
3 Correspondence File - Gonder, George
3 Correspondence File - Jones, L.
3 Correspondence File - Levitt, Semond
3 Correspondence File - Mauchly, John
3 Correspondence File - Newton, Robert
3 Correspondence File - Sharpless, T. K.
3 Correspondence File - Sims, J. C. Jr.
3 Correspondence File - Tees, Frank
3 Correspondence File - Trachtman, Jacob
3 Correspondence File - Travis, Irwin
3 Correspondence File - Walecki, Vincent
3 Correspondence File - Weiner, J. R.
B. Administrative Records
Scope and Content
Eckert-Mauchly Computer Corporation Administrative Records include minutes of board of directors and stockholders meetings (1948-9); articles of incorporation; secretary's financial papers; and minutes of the executive, operating, planning, administrative and contract committees. Also included is a copy of the 1950 Eckert-Mauchly-Remington-Rand merger agreement.
Box
4 Board of Directors Minutes, 1948-1949
4 By-laws
4 Stockholder's Annual Meeting, Minutes, 1948-1949
4 President's Report to Stockholders, 1949 December 15
4 List of Stockholders, 1949
4 Articles of Incorporation
4 Standard Employee Agreement
4 Secretary's Financial Papers
4 Remington Rand-Eckert-Mauchly (merger agreement), 1950
Box
4a Administrative Committee, minutes, 1948-1949
4a Contract Committee, minutes, 1948
4a Executive Committee, minutes, 1948
4a Operating Committee, minutes, 1949
4a Planning Committee, minutes, 1948-1949
C. Research and Development Records, 1942-1952
Scope and Content
Research and Development Records (1942-52) includes a copy of John Mauchly's 1942-3 ENIAC proposal that was submitted to the U.S. Army's Ordnance Department; also included are ENIAC progress reports, laboratory noteboods, engineering drawings, and patent files. Records also document the EDVAC, BINAC, and UNIVAC projects. The EDVAC files includes a folder of letters of John von Neuman tracing his involvement with the project. BINAC records contain considerable correspondence with Northrop Aircraft which trace the technological obstacles that had to be overcome in order to build the first stored memory computer. UNIVAC design and production records describe the development of the UNIVAC system component by component i.e. card to tape feed, inputoutput circuts, unityper, and uniprinter.
Box
4a ENIAC (Electronic Numberical Integrator and Computer) - John Mauchly's Original Proposal to U. S. Army's Ordinance Department, 1942-1943
Box
5 ENIAC (Electronic Numberical Integrator and Computer) - Progress Reports, Moore School of Electrical Engineering (interim), 1944
Box
6 ENIAC (Electronic Numberical Integrator and Computer) - Progress Reports, Moore School of Electrical Engineering, 1945
Box
6a ENIAC (Electronic Numberical Integrator and Computer) - Moore School Lectures #11-48 (J.W. Mauchly), 1946 July 8-August 31
Box
6b ENIAC (Electronic Numberical Integrator and Computer) - Moore School Correspondence with Army Ordinance
Box
6c ENIAC (Electronic Numberical Integrator and Computer) - Moore School Reports
Box
7 ENIAC (Electronic Numberical Integrator and Computer) - Progress Reports, Collateral Material, Notes and Misc. Legal Papers - Notes on progress report meeting, 1945 October 5, 1946 January 24
7 ENIAC (Electronic Numberical Integrator and Computer) - Progress Reports, Collateral Material, Notes and Misc. Legal Papers - Correspondence and memoranda: Brainerd, J. G.; Burks, Arthur; Eckert, John G.; Lavender, Robert A.; Pender, Howard; Shaw, Robert
7 ENIAC (Electronic Numberical Integrator and Computer) - Progress Reports, Collateral Material, Notes and Misc. Legal Papers - Disclosure of a Device for Counting the Alternations of an Electric Voltage
7 ENIAC (Electronic Numberical Integrator and Computer) - Progress Reports, Collateral Material, Notes and Misc. Legal Papers - Miscellany
Box
8 ENIAC (Electronic Numberical Integrator and Computer) - Drawings and Schematics
Box
9 ENIAC (Electronic Numberical Integrator and Computer) - Final Progress Report, 1946 June 1
Box
9a ENIAC (Electronic Numberical Integrator and Computer) - Clippings
Box
10 ENIAC (Electronic Numberical Integrator and Computer) - Operations Log After, 1947 November 21
10 ENIAC (Electronic Numberical Integrator and Computer) - Programming, 1944-1946
10 ENIAC (Electronic Numberical Integrator and Computer) - Schematic, 1944-1946
10 ENIAC (Electronic Numberical Integrator and Computer) - Testing, 1946
10 ENIAC (Electronic Numberical Integrator and Computer) - Input-Output Archives, 1951-1952
Box
11 ENIAC (Electronic Numberical Integrator and Computer) - Patent File
Box
12 ENIAC (Electronic Numberical Integrator and Computer) - British Patent
Box
13 ENIAC (Electronic Numberical Integrator and Computer) - Lab Notebooks - Burks, Arthur, 1943 June 17
13 ENIAC (Electronic Numberical Integrator and Computer) - Lab Notebooks - Burks, Arthur, 1944
13 ENIAC (Electronic Numberical Integrator and Computer) - Lab Notebooks - Burks, Arthur, 1945 May 17
13 ENIAC (Electronic Numberical Integrator and Computer) - Lab Notebooks - Chu, Chuan, 1945 May 17
13 ENIAC (Electronic Numberical Integrator and Computer) - Lab Notebooks - Cohen, J. E., 1943 October 18
13 ENIAC (Electronic Numberical Integrator and Computer) - Lab Notebooks - Davis, J., 1946
13 ENIAC (Electronic Numberical Integrator and Computer) - Lab Notebooks - James, N., 1943
13 ENIAC (Electronic Numberical Integrator and Computer) - Lab Notebooks - Jay, Isabella, 1943 July 8
13 ENIAC (Electronic Numberical Integrator and Computer) - Lab Notebooks - Jay, Isabella, 1943 July 12
13 ENIAC (Electronic Numberical Integrator and Computer) - Lab Notebooks - Jay, Isabella, 1943 July 15
13 ENIAC (Electronic Numberical Integrator and Computer) - Lab Notebooks - Jay, Isabella, 1943 September 17
13 ENIAC (Electronic Numberical Integrator and Computer) - Lab Notebooks - Lukoff, Herman, 1943 July 12
13 ENIAC (Electronic Numberical Integrator and Computer) - Lab Notebooks - Mauchly, J. W., 1946 January 10
13 ENIAC (Electronic Numberical Integrator and Computer) - Lab Notebooks - Merwin, R., 1945 May 17
Box
14 ENIAC (Electronic Numberical Integrator and Computer) - Lab Notebooks - Murial, Frank, 1943
14 ENIAC (Electronic Numberical Integrator and Computer) - Lab Notebooks - Porter, Vincent and Eckert, J.P., 1942 October 3
14 ENIAC (Electronic Numberical Integrator and Computer) - Lab Notebooks - Porter, Vincent and Eckert, J.P., 1942 October 10-29
14 ENIAC (Electronic Numberical Integrator and Computer) - Lab Notebooks - Sharpless, T.K., 1943 February 4
14 ENIAC (Electronic Numberical Integrator and Computer) - Lab Notebooks - Sharpless, T.K., 1943 July 8
14 ENIAC (Electronic Numberical Integrator and Computer) - Lab Notebooks - Sharpless, T.K., 1943
14 ENIAC (Electronic Numberical Integrator and Computer) - Lab Notebooks - Sharpless, T.K., 1943
14 ENIAC (Electronic Numberical Integrator and Computer) - Lab Notebooks - Sharpless, T.K., 1943
14 ENIAC (Electronic Numberical Integrator and Computer) - Lab Notebooks - Sharpless, T.K., 1945 May 17
14 ENIAC (Electronic Numberical Integrator and Computer) - Lab Notebooks - Sharpless, T.K., 1945 May 17
14 ENIAC (Electronic Numberical Integrator and Computer) - Lab Notebooks - Shaw, Robert, 1945 December 10
14 ENIAC (Electronic Numberical Integrator and Computer) - Lab Notebooks - Shaw, Robert, 1945 December 26
14 ENIAC (Electronic Numberical Integrator and Computer) - Lab Notebooks - Shaw, Robert, 1945 December 26 [(transferred to Cheddaker, J.)]
14 ENIAC (Electronic Numberical Integrator and Computer) - Lab Notebooks - Warshaw, J., 1946
Box
15 ENIAC (Electronic Numberical Integrator and Computer) - Bell Labs Research re: ENIAC - Unidentified laboratory notebooks, 1943-1946
Box
16 ENIAC (Electronic Numberical Integrator and Computer) - Bell Labs Research re: ENIAC - Gans, A. G. Research on Pulse Transformers for ENIAC done for Bell Laboratories, 1943-1945
Box
17-22 ENIAC (Electronic Numberical Integrator and Computer) - Bell Labs Research re: ENIAC - Blueprints of ENIAC Circuitry
Box
23 Electronic Descrete Variable Computer (EDVAC) - Progress Reports Prepared for U. S. Army Ordinance Department. — U. S. Army contract, 1945-1946, 1946 February 20
Box
24 Electronic Descrete Variable Computer (EDVAC) - Reports on Availability of EDVAC NO. 2, 1946 June 30
24 Electronic Descrete Variable Computer (EDVAC) - Proposed Programming for the EDVAC -- Samuel Lubkin, 1947 January
24 Electronic Descrete Variable Computer (EDVAC) - Operating Manual for the EDVAC
24 Electronic Descrete Variable Computer (EDVAC) - Preliminary Report on Logic and Design, 1948 February 16
24 Electronic Descrete Variable Computer (EDVAC) - Instructional Code C 2 for a Statistical Machine, 1947 May 13
24 Electronic Descrete Variable Computer (EDVAC) - Von Neuman, John File, 1945
24 Electronic Descrete Variable Computer (EDVAC) - Reid, S. Warren File, 1945
Box
23a Electronic Descrete Variable Computer (EDVAC) - ENIAC Inventors Outdo Themselves with EDVAC Design
23a Electronic Descrete Variable Computer (EDVAC) - Electronic Control Corp.: Press Releases, 1947
23a Electronic Descrete Variable Computer (EDVAC) - Plan for a Statistical EDVAC, 1947
23a Electronic Descrete Variable Computer (EDVAC) - Problem Programming for, the EDVAC, 1954
23a Electronic Descrete Variable Computer (EDVAC) - Simultaneous Equation Routines for the ORDVAC and EDVAC, 1956 [[Recent Developments at the Moore School (1948)]]
23a Electronic Descrete Variable Computer (EDVAC) - [Recent Developments at the Moore School, 1948]
Box
23b Electronic Descrete Variable Computer (EDVAC) - Laboratory Notebooks and Collateral Material
Box
25-26 Electronic Descrete Variable Computer (EDVAC) - Patent File and Schematics
Box
27 Binary Automatic Computer (BINAC) Subject File - Arithmetic Operations, 1948
27 Binary Automatic Computer (BINAC) Subject File - Auerbach, A. A. “The BINAC”, reprinted from the Proceedings of the IRE , 1952 January
27 Binary Automatic Computer (BINAC) Subject File - Conference Report-Work Assignments and Organization, 1947
27 Binary Automatic Computer (BINAC) Subject File - Input-Output Test, 1948
27 Binary Automatic Computer (BINAC) Subject File - Comments on First Test, 1948 October 11
27 Binary Automatic Computer (BINAC) Subject File - Data Prints and Tests
27 Binary Automatic Computer (BINAC) Subject File - Decimal to Binary Conversion
27 Binary Automatic Computer (BINAC) Subject File - Demonstration, 1948-1949
Box
28 Binary Automatic Computer (BINAC) Subject File - Diagrams (3 folders); (3 folders)
28 Binary Automatic Computer (BINAC) Subject File - Duplication of Computation in two parts of the Memory, 1949 June 28
28 Binary Automatic Computer (BINAC) Subject File - Estimates (costs), 1948 March 6
28 Binary Automatic Computer (BINAC) Subject File - Internal Collation Subroute Descending Order on two Tapes, 1949 September
28 Binary Automatic Computer (BINAC) Subject File - Instructions, 1949 July 20
28 Binary Automatic Computer (BINAC) Subject File - Loop Decoding
28 Binary Automatic Computer (BINAC) Subject File - Matrix Multiplication Routine
28 Binary Automatic Computer (BINAC) Subject File - Manual, 1949
28 Binary Automatic Computer (BINAC) Subject File - Manual Controls on the BINAC, 1949 August
28 Binary Automatic Computer (BINAC) Subject File - Mauchly, John W. (lecture), “Digital and Analog Computing Machines”, 1946 July 9
28 Binary Automatic Computer (BINAC) Subject File - Method for Estimating Collation Time
28 Binary Automatic Computer (BINAC) Subject File - Minimized Delay Time Operation, 1949 June
Box
29 Binary Automatic Computer (BINAC) Subject File - Northrop Aircraft, “Engineering Report on the BINAC”, 1949
29 Binary Automatic Computer (BINAC) Subject File - “Log of the BINAC” (3 volumes), 1950-1951; 3 vols.
29 Binary Automatic Computer (BINAC) Subject File - Northrop Aircraft (Baker, Richard memoranda re Research and Development), 1949
29 Binary Automatic Computer (BINAC) Subject File - Operation of Relay Translation with Magnetic Recorder, 1949 December 30
29 Binary Automatic Computer (BINAC) Subject File - Operations and Maintenance Instruction, 1949 July 1
29 Binary Automatic Computer (BINAC) Subject File - Production
29 Binary Automatic Computer (BINAC) Subject File - Programming
29 Binary Automatic Computer (BINAC) Subject File - Random Number Generation and Memory Test
Box
30-32 Binary Automatic Computer (BINAC) Subject File - Schematic Drawings
Box
33 Binary Automatic Computer (BINAC) Subject File - Spare Parts, 1948-1949
33 Binary Automatic Computer (BINAC) Subject File - Specifications
33 Binary Automatic Computer (BINAC) Subject File - Spike Jones Test, 1949 June 21
33 Binary Automatic Computer (BINAC) Subject File - Square Root
33 Binary Automatic Computer (BINAC) Subject File - Synchronizer Prints - Input-Output report by C. B.
33 Binary Automatic Computer (BINAC) Subject File - Sheppard, 1948-1949
33 Binary Automatic Computer (BINAC) Subject File - Tabulation of Further Order Polynominal, 1949 August 1
33 Binary Automatic Computer (BINAC) Subject File - Test Data, 1948
33 Binary Automatic Computer (BINAC) Subject File - Test Data, 1949 July 20
33 Binary Automatic Computer (BINAC) Subject File - Test Data, 1949 August 22
33 Binary Automatic Computer (BINAC) Subject File - Timing Instructions and Diagrams
33 Binary Automatic Computer (BINAC) Subject File - Topic List for Numberical Analysis, 1949 August 1
33 Binary Automatic Computer (BINAC) Subject File - Wiring Drawings
33 Binary Automatic Computer (BINAC) Subject File - Wiring Schedule, 1950 January 9
Box
34 Binary Automatic Computer (BINAC) Subject File - Laboratory Notebooks issued to Richard Baker and Isaac Aubrach, 1948-1950
Box
35 Binary Automatic Computer (BINAC) Subject File - Patents Abandoned, 1950-1980
Box
35a UNIVAC - Laboratory Notebooks issued to V. Bernadr and J. Weinger, 1950
Box
35b UNIVAC - Eckert, J.P. Jr., 1950 November 24
35b UNIVAC - Goodwin, D. and Gingrick, G., 1950 October 12
35b UNIVAC - Laboratory: Electrostatic Memory, 1949-1951
35b UNIVAC - Lukoff, H., 1954 June 22
35b UNIVAC - Schonfeld, A., 1952 July 2
35b UNIVAC - Schonfeld, A., 1953 January 22
35b UNIVAC - Smoliar, G., 1947 June 30
35b UNIVAC - Wilson, L.D. and Win, J.J., 1950 June 21
Box
36 UNIVAC - Progress Reports -- Electronic Control Company, 1947
Box
37 UNIVAC - Progress Reports -- Eckert-Mauchly Corporation, 1949-1952
Box
37a UNIVAC - Progress Reports -- Also, Card File on Projects., 1957
37a UNIVAC - Card to Tape Feed
37a UNIVAC - Central Computer Element (Estimated and Drawings), 1949-1950
37a UNIVAC - Central Input-Output Circuits
37a UNIVAC - Central Computer Manual
37a UNIVAC - Control Circuits (Block Diagrams and Schematics)
Box
38 UNIVAC - Delay Device for Electrical Signals
38 UNIVAC - Design Drawings
38 UNIVAC - Descriptions of the UNIVAC System
38 UNIVAC - Drawing Index for UNIVAC
Box
39 UNIVAC - Mechanical Design (notes)
39 UNIVAC - Model 100 (design notes)
39 UNIVAC - Schematic Drawings
39 UNIVAC - Specifications
39 UNIVAC - Uniprinter
39 UNIVAC - Unityper
39 UNIVAC - Wiring Diagram
Box
40 UNIVAC Production - Engineering Procedures
40 UNIVAC Production - Engineering Schedules
40 UNIVAC Production - Manufacturing Costs
40 UNIVAC Production - Production Schedule
40 UNIVAC Production - Work Released to the Factory, 1949
40 UNIVAC Production - Collation Methods for a UNIVAC System, 1950
40 UNIVAC Production - Elementary Functions, 1949
40 UNIVAC Production - Floating Decimal Point, 1949
40 UNIVAC Production - Flow Chart Symbols, 1950
40 UNIVAC Production - Input-Output Synchronizer Demonstration Unit, 1949
40 UNIVAC Production - Logical Coding, 1948
40 UNIVAC Production - Maintenance Log, UNIVAC #1, 1951 April
40 UNIVAC Production - Mathematical Problems, 1949
40 UNIVAC Production - Psuedo Random Numbers
40 UNIVAC Production - Reference for Numerical Analysis, 1949
40 UNIVAC Production - Reference Guide for UNIVAC System, 1951
40 UNIVAC Production - Selection of Four Word Items on Two Different Pairs of Key Digits, 1951
Box
41 UNIVAC Production - Solution of Examples, 1950
41 UNIVAC Production - Solution of Matrix Equations of High Order by Automatic Computer, 1950
41 UNIVAC Production - Subroutes for the Calculation of the Denominated Payroll Problem, 1950
41 UNIVAC Production - Terms and Symbols Used in UNIVAC Diagrams, 1950
41 UNIVAC Production - Time in Hours for Sample Computations Employing Matrix Algebra Program
41 UNIVAC Production - Traffic Control System, 1952
41 UNIVAC Production - UNIVAC Instruction Manual and Codes (5 folders); (5 folders)
Box
42 UNIVAC Production - Instructions for Operation, 1950
42 UNIVAC Production - Proposed Changes in machine Design and Instruction Code, 1947
42 UNIVAC Production - An Introduction to the UNIVAC System, 1950
42 UNIVAC Production - Miscellaneous Collateral Material
42 UNIVAC Production - Bigelow, Julian et. al, “Interim Progress Report on the Physical Realization of An Electronic Computing Instrument,” (Princeton Institute for Advanced Study), 1947
D. Marketing and Sales Records (BINAC, UNIVAC)
Scope and Content
Marketing and Sales Records contain Eckert-Mauchly's correspondence with its major customers: A.C. Nielsen, National Bureau of Standards, Prudential Insurance, Northrop Aviation, and Watson Laboratories (American Totalistator Company). These files document production costs and trace pricing and sales policies.
Box
43 A. C. Nielsen Company Contract, 1947-1950
43 Henry Rose Stores, Inc., 1948
Box
44 Illinois Scientific Instrument Corporation
44 Internal Revenue Service, 1948
44 National Bureau of Standards, 1946-1948
Box
45 National Bureau of Standards, 1946-1950
Box
46 NEPA Fairchild Corporation, 1948-1949
46 Northrop Aircraft Company, 1947-1949
Box
47 Northrop Aircraft Company (progress reports and contracts), 1948-1949
47 Northrop Aircraft (correspondence), 1950-1955
Box
48 Prudential Insurance, 1947-1949
Box
49 Swedish Government Contract, 1948
49 Watson Laboratories - Teleregister Contract, 1947-1950
49 Collateral Material
49 Cost Estimate (UNIVAC Proposal), 1947
49 ENIAC Licensing Agreement
49 Memoranda on Costs, prices and sales policies, 1948-1952
49 Contracts under negotiations, 1946-1948
49 Contract Commitments, 1948-1949
49 Personnel and Organizational Matters - Employee Agreements
49 Personnel and Organizational Matters - Organization Charts
49 Personnel and Organizational Matters - Weekly Job Status Reports, 1950-1951
49 Personnel and Organizational Matters - Time Sheets, 1947-1948
Box
50 LARC - Progress Reports and Schematic, 1957-1960
Box
51 LARC - Patent File, 1957-1966
Box
52 LARC - Acoustic Delay Device, 1951, 1959
52 LARC - Amplifier, 1955
Box
53 LARC - Binary Adding and Subtracting Device, 1953
Box
53-54 LARC - Composite Magnetic Structures, 1954-1961
Box
54 LARC - Data Storage System, 1949
Box
55 LARC - Data Recording and Distributing Apparatus, 1949
55 LARC - Electrical Connector, 1966
Box
56 LARC - Electronic Storage Device, 1951
56 LARC - Flip Flop Circuits, 1950
56 LARC - Hammer Activators for Printers, 1964
Box
57 LARC - Hydraulically Activated Print Hammer for High Speed Printers, 1964
57 LARC - Improved Hall Effect Heads for Reading Magnetic Recording, 1962
57 LARC - Magnetic Memory Cores, 1958
57 LARC - Magnetic Recorder Searches, 1946-1947
57 LARC - Magnetic Transducer, 1952
57 LARC - Memory Array, 1967
57 LARC - Memory Array and Methods of Wiring, 1956
Box
58 LARC - Memory Systems, 1947-1962
Box
59 LARC - Memory Systems (continued)
59 LARC - Monitoring Circuits, 1960
Box
60 LARC - Parametric Devices, 1963
60 LARC - Protective Apparatus for Magnetic Recording and Sensing Head, 1959
60 LARC - Pulse Control System, 1957
60 LARC - Pulse Recording Apparatus, 1949
Box
61 LARC - Pulse Recording Apparatus, 1949-1955
Box
62 LARC - Recording Apparatus, 1955
62 LARC - Scale of N Counter, 1955
62 LARC - Selector Mechanisms, 1961
Box
63 LARC - Signal Responsive Device, 1952
63 LARC - Signal Synchronizer, 1965
63 LARC - Space Reservation Recording System, 1955
63 LARC - Square Memory Array, 1963
Box
64 LARC - Tape Handling Machine, 1955
64 LARC - Transistor Selection Array and Drive System
Box
65 LARC - UNIVAC miscellaneous patent material
B. "Chronological file", 1935-1970
Scope and Content
The "Chronological file" is a complete record of all documents submitted in evidence during the trial. Much of the material in this series duplicates records in Series I - but the "Chronolog​ical file" is more complete. The records from 1935 to 1950 are particularly valuable as they describe the origins and evolution of most of the early computer projects. There are reports describing John Atanasoff's computer and letters which trace his unsuccessful attempts to sell his machine to IBM and Remington Rand during the 1930s and 40s.
The chronological file also contains documentation on the computer projects sponsored by National Cash Register, IBM, MIT, and Harvard University during the late 1930s and early 1940s. The records show that IBM provided considerable support to Harvard's Computation Laboratory run by Professor Howard Aiken. During this period National Cash Register with the support of the United States War Department was attempting to develop an electromechanic​al calculator, which the Army hoped to use to compile firing tables. This project was headed by Joseph R. Desch. The records also document MIT's famous Whirlwind Project which evolved out of a Navy contract to build an analog computer for a programmable flight trainer.
The middle boxes of the chronological file describe the various UNIVAC computers developed between 1952 and 1969. The records trace the process by which Remington Rand continually lost ground to IBM during the 1950s and 60s. The final 25 boxes of the chronological file describe Sperry's efforts to secure, license, and defend the ENIAC patent and the events leading up to the lawsuit.
Box
66 1936 December-1939 August
Box
67 1939 September-1940 December
Box
68 1941January-1942 March
Box
69 1942 April -December
Box
70 1943 January-June
Box
71 1943 July-1944 January
Box
72 1944 February-1945 October
Box
73 1945 November- April
Box
74 1945 May-October
Box
75 1945 November-1946 February
Box
76 1946 March-June
Box
77 1946 June-August
Box
78 1946 September-1947 February
Box
79 1946 March-1947 July
Box
80 1947 August-December
Box
81 1948 January-June
Box
82 1948-1949 July
Box
83 1949 January-June
Box
84 1949 July-October
Box
85 1949 November-1950 February
Box
86 1950 March-December
Box
87 1951 January-December
Box
88 1952 January-December
Box
89 1953 January-December
Box
90 1954 January-1955 January
Box
91 1955 February-September
Box
92 1955 October-December
Box
93 1956 January-April
Box
94 1956 May-July
Box
95 1956 August-September
Box
96 1956 October-December
Box
97 1957
Box
98 1957 January-September
Box
99 1958
Box
100 1958 January-April
Box
101 1958 March-April
Box
102 1959
Box
103 1959 January-March
Box
104 1959 April-August
Box
105 1959 September-December
Box
106 1960
Box
107 1960 January-August
Box
108 1960 September-August
Box
109 1961 January-February
Box
110 1961 March-September
Box
111 1961-1962 October
Box
112 1962 October-1963 March
Box
113 1963 April-December
Box
114 1964
Box
115 1964 January-May
Box
116 1964 June-August
Box
117 1964 September-November
Box
118 1964 December
Box
119 1965 January
Box
120 1965 February-May
Box
121 1965 June-October
Box
122 1965 November-1965 December
Box
123 1966 January-April
Box
124 1966 May-August
Box
125 1966 September-December
Box
126 1967 January-April
Box
127 1967 May-August
Box
128 1967 September-December
C. Trial Transcripts, 1971-1973
Scope and Content
The trial transcript contains 50,000 pages of testimony in 137 bound volumes. It is a complete record of the proceedings in the case between June 1, 1971 and March 13, 1972. The testimony analyzed the origins and early history of the computer from the perspective of the engineers, businessmen, and marketing people who shaped the industry. Judge Larson's "Finding of Fact, Conclusion of Law and Order of Judgement" represents both the verdict of the court and judgement about the history of the electronic data-processing industry.
Box
129 Volumes 1-10
Box
130 Volumes 11-20
Box
131 Volumes 21-30
Box
132 Volumes 31-40
Box
133 Volumes 41-50
Box
134 Volumes 51-60
Box
135 Volumes 61-70
Box
136 Volumes 71-80
Box
137 Volumes 81-90
Box
138 Volumes 91-100
Box
139 Volumes 101-110
Box
140 Volumes 111-120
Box
141 Volumes 121-130
Box
142 Volumes 131-140
Box
142a Microfiche copy of trial transcript
D. Witness deposition file, 1972-1972
Scope and Content
The witness deposition file contains copies of the 102 transcribed depositions entered in evidence. Many of the individuals who worked on the ENIAC, BINAC, and UNIVAC projects were called to testify. Their statements provide important insights into the early history of the computer industry. Witnesses included John Mauchly, John Brainerd (Dean of the Moore School of Enineering), Joseph R. Desch, Herman Goldstine, Arthur Burks, John V. Atanasoff, and two of the engineers who worked on the ENIAC project, Isaac Auerbach and Herman Lukoff. Researchers should bear in mind that the depositions are made by interested parties attempting to influence the court.
Box
143 Index to Witness Files; 2 copies
Box
144 Adelmann, M. thru Atanasof, J.V.
Box
145 Atanasoff, J.V.
Box
146 Atanasoff, J.V. thru Beam, W.
Box
147 Beam, W.
Box
148 Berlinsky, A. thru Brainerd, J.
Box
149 Brainerd, J. thru Brenner, E.
Box
150 Brooks, J. thru Cannon, E.
Box
151 Carr, P. thru Cavender, J.T.
Box
152 Cavender, J.T. thru Chedaker, J.
Box
153 Chedaker, J. thru Clippenger, R.F.
Box
154 Clippenger, R.F. thru Desch, Kline & Mumma
Box
155 Desch, Kline & Mumma
Box
156 Desch, Kline & Mumma
Box
157 Dickinson, A.
Box
158 Dickinson, A. thru Elbinger, L.
Box
159 Elbinger, L. thru Ellis, M.
Box
160 English, C.C. thru Gambrell, J.B.
Box
161 Gambrell, J.B.
Box
162 Gillon, P.M.
Box
163 Goldstine, H.
Box
164 Goldstine, H.
Box
165 Goldstine, H.
Box
166 Goldstine, H.
Box
167 Goldstine, H. thru Holberton, J.V.
Box
168 Joly, J.A. thru Legvold, S.
Box
169 Legvold, S. thru McPherson, J.L.
Box
170 McPherson, J.L. thru Padden, F.
Box
171 Padden, F. thru Pigott Jr., C.G.
Box
172 Polotilow, M.D. thru Rose, K.
Box
173 Russinoff, A. thru Sweet, J.C.
Box
174 Sweet, J.C.
Box
175 Sweet, J.C. thru Travis, I.
Box
176 Ulam, S. thru Wilson, L.D.
Box
177 Wilson/Auerbach
Box
178 Wilson/Auerbach
Box
179 Wilson/Auerbach thru Winsor, P. III
Box
180 Winsor, P. III thru Misc.
II. Legal Papers
Scope and Content
The Legal Papers document Sperry-UNIVAC's efforts to defend and license the ENIAC patent. This series contains patent interference files as well as the records generated by the Sperry attorneys who worked on the Sperry-Rand vs. Bell Laboratories case (1956-7) the Sperry Rand vs. IBM case (1963-4). This series also contains a fragment of the legal correspondence generated by the Sperry-Honeywell suit.
A. Interference Files, 1950-1972
Box
181 84,986; 85,131; 85,729; 85,809
Box
182 85,958; 86,141; 86,965
Box
183 87,611
Box
184 87,706; 87,707; 87,789; 87,872
Box
185 88,280
Box
186 88,280
Box
187 88,721; 88,810; 88,903
Box
188 89,109; 89,345; 89,560; 89,618; 89,734; 89,898
Box
189 90,068; 90,087; 90,134; 90,305; 90,307; 90,602; 90,611; 90,638
Box
190 90,644; 90,645; 90,676; 90,694
Box
191 90,844; 90,870; 90,885; 91,149; 91,172
Box
192 91,261; 91,280; 19,549; 91,604; 91,714; 92,032; 92,230
Box
193 92,302; 92,568; 92,579; 93,101; 93,504; 93,522; 93,544
Box
194 93,544
Box
195 93,544
Box
196 93,544
Box
197 93,544
Box
198 93,544; 93,563; 93,847
Box
199 94,002; 94,710; 95,961
Box
200 95,961
Box
201 95,961
B. Sperry Rand v. Bell Tel. Labs
Box
202 Agreements
202 Bell Labs & Sperry Rand, 1956-1957
202 Electronic Control Co. & Rem. Rand, 1947-1950
202 I.B.M. & Sperry Rand, 1956
202 Annual Report - I.B.M., 1961
202 Bell Labs Litigation
202 Correspondence, 1963
Box
203 Bell Labs Litigation, cont.
203 ENIAC Publicity
203 Patents and Drawings
203 Patents and Drawings
203 Stibitz Report on Patents, 1961
203 Stibitz Report on Patents, 1961
Box
204 Clippings - ENIAC, 1963-1966
204 Complaints and Depositions, 1959
204 Divestment Clause - Univ. of Penn, 1945-1950
204 Electronic Control Co. - Patent File, 1945-1949
204 ENIAC
204 Original ENIAC Patent
204 Original ENIAC Patent
Box
205 ENIAC, cont.
205 Specifications and Drawings
205 Specifications and Drawings
205 Exhibits
205 Charts
205 Defendents Exhibits - Correspondence, 1951-1961
205 Defendents Exhibits - Research Corp. of America
205 Lists of Exhibits
Box
206 Plaintiff's Exhibits
Box
207 Plaintiff's Exhibits
Box
208 Illinois Scientific Development, Inc., 1964
208 Indenture Between Rem. Rand & Chase Man. Bank, 1952
208 Legal Correspondence, 1948-1959
208 License Agreements
208 Rem. Rand & Western Elec., 1951-1966
208 Sperry Gyroscope & Bell Tel. Labs, 1940
208 Sperry Rand & Bell Tel. Labs, 1955
208 Sperry Rand & Western Elec., 1958
Box
209 Patent Dept. Files, 1951-1963
Box
210 Patents in Suit, 1958-1966
210 Patent Litigation - Sperry Rand & I.B.M., 1961-1963
210 Priority - Schedules and Documents, 1945-1963
Box
211 Printed Legal Material - Briefs, Etc., 1962-1963
Box
212 Privileged Material Witheld
212 I.B.M., 1947-1965
212 Western Elec., 1954-1961
212 Western Elec., 1954-1961
212 Western Elec., 1954-1961
212 Western Elec., 1954-1961
Box
213 Purchase Orders by Technitrol Eng. Co., 1947
213 Record of Trips, 1945-1946
213 Reports of Use - Government, 1943
213 Salary Breakdowns by Jobs, 1947-1948
C. Technitrol v. Sperry-Rand
Box
214 Technitrol v. Sperry Rand
D. I.B.M. v. Sperry Rand
Box
215 Exhibits
215 BINAC - Application of Eckert et al, 1950
215 BINAC - Claims
215 Drawing Index for UNIVAC, 1967
215 O'Dell v. Eckert et al, 1958-1959
Box
216 High Speed Computer Reports - I.B.M., 1959
Box
217 I.B.M. - General File, 1963-1964
Box
218 Legal Papers
218 Affidavits of LARC Engineers (Newton v. Lukoff et al), 1968
218 Eckert-Mauchly Testimony Before Exam. of Interference, 1954
218 I.B.M. Brief, 1967
218 I.B.M. Papers in Opposition to Sperry Rand's Motion, 1969
218 I.B.M. Papers in Opposition to Sperry Rand's Motion, 1969
Box
219 License Agreements
219 Correspondence and Memoranda, 1956-1969
Box
220 License Agreements - I.B.M.
220 Draft of Agreement, 1965
220 I.B.M. Patent Appl. Licensed to Sperry Rand, 1956
220 McTierman, Diary, 1964-1966
220 Patents, Clippings, etc.
220 Patents and Exhibits
220 Tabulating Machine Patent issued to I.B.M., 1951-1956
220 Technical Information - I.B.M., 1966
Box
221 License Agreements - Sperry Rand
221 Assignments - Domestic, 1948-1954
221 Bell Labs, 1961
221 General Elec. File, 1964-1966
221 General Percision Co. File, 1963-1964
221 Indiana General Corp. File, 1957-1963
221 Invention Record - Foreign: Canada, 1953-1958
221 Invention Record - Foreign: Great Britain, 1956-1964
221 Litton Indust. File, 1965
221 Minnesota Mining and Man. Co. File, 1964
221 North American Phillips Co. File, 1961
221 Patent License Summaries, 1959-1961
221 Photo Engravers Research Inst. File, 1963-1964
221 Rainbow Engineering Co., 1961
221 R.C.A., 1961
221 Technitrol, Inc., 1962
221 Westinghouse Elec. Corp., 1961
Box
222 Misc. Drawings - Moore School, 1947
Box
223 Newton Interference
Box
224 Patent File
224 Eckert, J.P., 1940-1941
224 Eckert-Mauchly Comp. Corp., 1948
224 E.M.C.C. - Busser and Harding File, 1947
224 E.M.C.C. - Busser and Harding File, 1952
Box
225 PL1 - Effort to Uniform Comp. Language, 1968-1971
225 Honeywell, Inc. v. Sperry Rand & I.S.D.
Box
226 Amendments to Drawings, 1960-1961
Box
227 BINAC
227 A.A. Auerbach, Notebook #7c, 1949
227 Interference, 1947-1955
227 Litigation - Nat. Acad. of Science Material, 1947-1977
227 Misc. Reports and Drawings from BINAC-Vol. II
227 Northrop Papers - Notebook, 1948
227 Northrop Papers - Notebook, 1948
Box
228 Briefs, T.J. Nikolia, 1972
Box
229 Doc. Sent to Patent Office in Response to 1975 Action
Box
230 Eckert-Mauchly Computer Corp.
230 English, Charles, 1955
230 Entlinger, Louis, 1945-1961
230 Libman, Max, 1956-1958
Box
231 Materials Subpeonaed from I.B.M., 1937-1968
Box
232 Plaintiff's Briefs (Vol. I thru V)
Box
233 Printed Legal Materials
233 Eckert v. Williams, 1968
E. Honeywell v. Sperry Rand & I.S.D., 1972
Box
234 Privileged Material Witheld, 1955-1963
Box
235 Records of Doc. Produced by Sperry Rand
F. Telex Computer Corp. v. I.B.M.
Box
236 Trial Transcripts, 1973
Box
237 Trial Transcripts, 1973
Box
238 Patent Appeal Docket No. 9108
238 Eckert et al. v. Williams et al. (Vol. IV thru VIII), 1972
Box
239 Patent Disclosure File
239 Eckert Disclosure File DP No. 5-830
Box
240 Patent Disclosure File DP No. 861-1214
Box
241 Patent Disclosures Deferred Corporate Records
G. Financial Operations
Box
257 Financial Operations
257 Albright Correspondence, 1972-1977
257 Divest. Agreements - Sperry Rand & Rem. Bus. Syst., 1978
Box
258 Financial Operations
258 Divest. Agreement - Sperry Rand & Rem. Bus. Syst. cont., 1978
258 Purchase Agreement Sperry Rand & Varian Assoc., 1977
Box
259 Misc. Financial Reports - Sperry Rand Annual Report to S.E.C., 1975
259 Misc. Financial Reports - Sperry-UNIVAC Reports of meetings of Stockholders, 1981
Box
260 Misc. Administrative Records - Maintenance Log - UNIVAC 1, 1951
260 Misc. Administrative Records - Rem. Rand Descript. for Office, 1958
260 Misc. Administrative Records - Rem. Rand Organization Chart, 1959
260 Misc. Administrative Records - Rem. Rand Organizational Manual, 1956
260 Misc. Administrative Records - The Rem. Rand Story, 1959
260 Misc. Administrative Records - Supervisory Control Manual, 1952
260 Misc. Administrative Records - UNIVAC News re: Building Under Construction, 1966
260 Misc. Administrative Records - UNIVAC Organization Chart, 1961
260 Misc. Administrative Records - Whitpain - Staff Headquarters
III. Executive Officer files, 1960-1970
14 linear feet
Scope and Content
This series describes the history of the company during the 1960s, a period during which it steadily lost market share to IBM. The correspondence of President R.E. McDonald and Vice Presidents F.R. Raach and G.H. Geick documents corporate strategy, organization changes, technological innovation, and sales policies.
A. R.E. McDonald (President, 1965-1970), 1965-70
Scope and Content
McDonald's papers include minutes of the company's Business Planning, Systems Management, and Research Committees. There are also files relating to personnel policy and foreign sales. The papers contain reports from the International and European Departments describing sales efforts in England, France, Germany, Scandinavia, and Venezuela.
Box
242 Appointments
242 Approval
242 Business Planning
242 Competition
242 Consultants
242 Contributions
242 Customer Organization
242 Data Processing
242 Distributor Division
242 Educational Allowances/Scholarships
242 ENIAC - 15th Anniversary
242 European Divisions - England
242 European Divisions - France
242 European Divisions - Germany
242 European Divisions - Scandinavia
242 European Divisions - Switzerland
242 European Trip Notes, 1969 December
242 Facilities
242 International Division
242 International File
242 Leasing
242 Legal
242 Legal Matters
242 Meetings
242 Organization Announcements
242 Personnel - Applications and Resumes
242 Personnel - Labor Relations
242 Personnel - Management Development
242 Personnel - Personnel Services
242 Personnel - Position Descriptions
242 Personnel - Services Security
242 Planning Conferences
242 President's Report - Consolidated
242 Profit Plan FY, 1970
242 Shell
242 Slidell
242 Systems Management Division
242 Systems Management Division - Activity Report
242 SMD/GYRO Common Facility
242 Sperry Rand Corp. - Committees
242 Sperry Rand Corp. - Reports
242 Sperry Rand Corp. - Research Committee
242 Sperry Rand Corp. - Studies
242 “Thank You's”
242 Time Sharing
242 Titan III
242 UNIVAC - Bristol Ops.
242 Vendors
242 Venezuela Distrib. Division
B. G.H. Geick (Vice president for corporate affairs, 1967-1969), 1967-1969
Scope and Content
G.H. Geick's papers focus on corporate and legal issues. They include files from the Legal and International Departments and Development and Planning Divisions. Also included are financial reports, monthly operating reports, records relating to policies and procedures, and to foreign sales in Australia, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, Japan, England, France, Germany, Mexico, Scandanavia, and Switzerland.
Box
243 1.1 SR Corporate - General
243 1.2 SR Corporate - International
243 1.3 SR Corporate - Legal
243 1.4 SR Corporate - Meetings
243 2.1 SR Divisions - General
243 3.1.1 Presidential - Staff Meetings
243 3.1.2 Presidential - Trips
243 3.1.3 Visitors
243 3.2 Controller
243 3.3 Legal Counsel
243 3.4 Personnel V.P.
243 3.5 Planning and Developing
243 3.6 Purchasing And Business Planning
243 3.7 Public Relations and Advertising
243 3.8 Director - Airlines Program
243 4.1 Card and Tape Division
243 4.2 DPD
243 4.3 DPCD
243 4.4 FSD
243 4.10.2 American - Asiatic Division Monthly Reports
243 5.1 Monthly Operations Reports to President
243 5.1.1 American Asiatic Division Monthly Report
243 5.1.2 Distributor Division Monthly Report
243 5.1.3 EMEA Monthly Reports
243 5.1.4 Material - Monthly Report
243 5.1.5 Systems & Applications Monthly Report
243 5.1.6 Treasurer and Controller Monthly Reports
243 5.2 Vice-President
243 5.2.1 Staff Meetings
243 5.2.2 Int. Managers Meetings
243 5.2.3 Vice-President - Trips
243 5.2.4 Int. Staff - Trips
243 5.2.5 Int. Presentment to Corporate Staff
243 5.3 American Asiatic Division - General
243 5.4 Distributor Division
243 5.5 EMEA
243 5.6 Material Division
243 5.6.1 Order Service
Box
244 5.7 Systems, Applications Division
244 5.8 Treasurer & Controller Division
244 5.8.1 Misc. Financial Reports
244 5.8.2 Profit Plan
244 6.1 Organization - General
244 6.2 Appointments
244 6.4 Policies and Procedures
244 7.1 Australia - General
244 7.2 Benelux - General
244 7.3 Brazil - General
244 7.4 Canada - General
244 7.5 England - General
244 7.6 France - General
244 7.7 Germany - General
244 7.7.1 Rodelheim
244 7.8 Italy - General
244 7.9 Japan - General
244 7.9.1 N.R.U.
244 7.9.2 O.U.K.
244 7.10 Mexico - General
244 7.11 Scandinavia - General
244 7.12 Switzerland - General
244 7.13 Distributors - Western Hemisphere
244 7.13.1 Argentina
244 7.13.2 Chile
244 7.13.3 Columbia
244 7.13.4 Venezuela
Box
245 7.14 Distributors - EMEA
245 7.15 Iron Curtain Countries
245 7.16 U.S. Export
245 7.17 Far East Countries
245 8.1 Australia - Customers
245 8.2 Benelux - Customers
245 8.4 Canada - Customers
245 8.5 England - Customers
245 8.5.1 England - BEA
245 8.5.2 England - CSB
245 8.5.3 CEIR
245 8.5.4 Shell I.P. England
245 8.6 France - Customers
245 8.6.1 France - Air France
245 8.6.3 SNCF
245 8.7 Germany - Customers
245 8.7.1 Germany - Quelle
245 8.8 Italy - Customers
245 8.9 Japan - Customers
245 8.10 Mexico - Customers
245 8.11 Scandinavia
245 8.11.1 Scandinavia - SAS
245 8.12 Switzerland - Customers
245 8.12.1 Swiss PTT
245 8.13 Airlines - General
245 8.13.1 U.A.L.
245 8.14 Shell Europe
245 8.15 SITA - General
245 8.16 Visitors - Customers
245 9.1 UNIVAC Products - General
245 9.1.1 Equipment Status Reports
245 9.1.2 Status Reports - 400 Line
245 9.1.3 Status Reports - 1107/1108
245 9.1.4 Product Announcements - General
245 9.1.5 Forecasts
245 9.2 1004/1005/1050
245 9.3 1500
245 9.4 418/490 Series
245 9.5 1107/1108
245 9.6 Card Punch/Printers
245 9.7 Card Readers
245 9.8 CRT
245 9.9 Magnetic Tape
245 9.10 Paper Tape Systems
245 9.11 Servos
245 9.12 Unidisc
245 9.14 Uniscope 300
Box
246 9.16 9000 Series
246 9.17 Software - General
246 9.17.1 Systems Programming Releases/Products
246 9.19 DCS-1
246 10 Misc. Outside Countracts
246 10.1 Conferences/Meetings
246 10.1.1 AMA
246 10.2 Conferences/Meetings Misc. UNIVAC
246 10.2.1 Ponte Vedra, 1967
246 10.3 Diebold
246 10.3.1 International Subsidiary Listing
246 10.4 ECMA
246 10.5 UNIVAC Users Association
246 10.6 Subscriptions
246 10.7 Training - General
246 1.1 Sperry Rand - General
246 1.2 Sperry Rand International
246 1.3 SR Legal
246 1.4 SR Meetings
246 2.1 SR Division - Domestic
246 2.2 SR Division - International
246 3.1 President - General Correspondence
246 3.1.1 President - Staff Meetings
246 3.2 Controller
246 3.3 Legal Counsel
246 3.4 Personnel - Vice-president
246 3.5 Planning - Vice-president
246 3.5.1 Planning and Developing
246 3.5.2 Purchasing and Business Planning
246 3.6 Marketing - Vice-president
246 3.6.1 Public Relations and Advertising
246 4.1 DPD
246 4.2 FSD
246 4.3 ISD
246 5.1 Monthly Operating Reports to President
246 5.1.1 Americas Group Reports
246 5.1.2 Central European Group Report
Box
247 5.1.3 Distributor Group Report
247 5.1.4 Material & Maintenance Report
247 5.1.5 Northern European Group Report
247 5.1.6 Systems, Applications & Personnel Report
247 5.1.7 Treasurer and Controller Report
247 5.1.8 Marketing Services Report
247 5.1.9 Legal Counsel Report
247 5.2 Vice-president/General Manager - General
247 5.2.1 Staff Meetings
247 5.2.2 Vice-president Trip Reports
247 5.3 Trips-International Staff
247 5.4 Americas Group - General
247 5.5 Central European Group - General
247 5.6 Distributor Group - General
247 5.7 Material & Maintenance - General
247 5.7.1 Order Service
247 5.7.2 Field Engineering and Maintenance
247 5.8 Northern European Group
247 5.9 Systems, Applications, Personnel - General
247 5.10 Treasurer and Controller - General
247 5.10.1 Contract Administration
247 5.10.2 General Accounting Report
247 5.10.3 MIS - General
247 5.10.4 Misc. Financial Reports
247 5.10.5 Profit Plan
247 5.10.6 Quarterly Reviews
247 5.10.7 Operating Results
247 5.11 Marketing Services - General
247 5.12 Legal Counsel - General
247 6.1 Organization - General
247 6.2 Appointments - Announcements
247 6.4 Policies and Procedures
247 7.1 Africa
247 7.2 Australia
247 7.3 Benelux
247 7.4 Brazil
247 7.5 Canada
247 7.6 England
Box
248 7.6.1 Northern European Group - General
248 7.7 France
248 7.8 Germany
248 7.8.1 Rodelheim
248 7.9 Italy
248 7.9.1 European Education Center
248 7.9.2 Central European Group Headquarters
248 7.9.3 1108 Advanced Data Systems Centre
248 7.10 Japan
248 7.10.1 NUK
248 7.10.2 OUK
248 7.11 Mexico
248 7.12 Scandinavia
248 7.13 Switzerland
248 7.14 Distributors - Western Hemisphere
248 7.15 Distributors - European
248 7.16 Iron Curtain Countries
Box
249 7.17 Distributors - Far East
249 7.18 Spain
249 7.19 Austria
249 8.1 Africa
249 8.2 Australia
249 8.3 Benelux
249 8.5 Canada
249 8.6 England
249 8.6.1 BEA
249 8.6.2 CSB (UCC)
249 8.7 France
249 8.7.1 Air France
249 8.8 Germany
249 8.9 Italy
249 8.10 Japan
249 8.12 Scandinavia
249 8.12.1 SAS
249 8.13 Switzerland
249 8.14 Airlines International Account
249 8.14.1 United Airlines
249 8.15 Shell International
249 8.16 SITA International
249 9.1 Products - General
249 9.1.2 Status Reports 418-490
249 9.16 9000 Series
249 9.18 Hardware - General
249 10.2.1 Conference - Ponta Vedra
249 10.3 Diebold
249 10.5 UNIVAC Users Association
249 10.10 Raytheon
249 13.1 Applicants
249 14.4 Personal Correspondence
249 14.5 Personal Data
Box
250 10.8 ICT
250 10.9 BEMA
250 10.10 Raytheon
250 10.11 10/1/67 Plan Systems
250 11.1 Competition - General
250 11.2.1 Info Center - Phila.
250 11.3 Project Scouting
250 12.1.1 UNIVAC Today
250 12.1.2 UNIVAC News
250 12.1.3 UNIVAC News Bulletin
250 12.2 Outside Publications
250 12.2.1 IEEE
250 12.2.2 International Letter
250 12.2.3 International Business Automation
250 12.2.4 Stanford Research Institute
250 13.1 Applicants
250 13.2 Paymasters
250 13.3 Policies and Procedures
250 13.3.1 Appraisal of Potential
250 13.3.2 Professional Staff Data Sheets
250 13.3.3 Manpower Reports
250 13.4 Headquarter Staff
250 13.6 Canada
250 13.7 Japan
250 13.8 Mexico
250 13.9 EMEA
250 13.11 Distributors - Western Hemisphere
250 14.1 Calenders
250 14.2 Expense Statement, FY 1968
250 14.2.1 Expense Statement, FY 1967
250 14.4 Personal Correspondence, 4/67-
250 14.4.1 Personal Correspondence to 3/31/67
250 14.6 Press Releases
250 14.7 Financial Executive Institute Publications
250 Outgoing Correspondence, 9/25/67
250 Chronological File - Telex Only
C. F.R. Raach (Vice president for product planning, 1963-1965), 1963-1965
Scope and Content
F.R. Raach's files describe software development, patenting strategies, produce planning, and pricing policies. The files include several reports from the Defense Marketing Committee.
Box
251 Expense Account Vouchers, 1963-64
251 Legal Services
251 Patent Licensing Services, 1964
251 Pencil Notes, 1963-64
251 Personal Correspondence Concerning New Position, 1964
251 Personnel, 1961-64
251 Personnel, 1961-64
251 Personnel, 1961-64
251 Personnel, 1961-64
251 Personnel, 1961-64
251 Personnel, 1961-64
251 Personnel, 1961-64
251 Philadelphia, City of
251 Photon, Inc.
251 Pricing
251 Products and Product Planning
Box
252 Products and Product Planning, cont.
Box
253 Products and Product Planning, cont.
253 Radio Electronics Corp.
253 Reports - Defense Marketing
253 Reports - Financial Statements - Market Surveys
253 Reports - Unrealized Revenues
Box
254 Reports - Financial Statements - Market Surveys, cont.
254 Reports - NDP
254 Reports - Quality Assurance
254 Reports - Rentals and Sales
Box
255 Reports - Software Status
255 Roberts
255 Rodemann
255 Romeiser
255 Royal McBee, 1964
255 Stanford Research Institute, 1964-65
255 Stark, Edward
255 Systems Programming, 1963-65
255 Tarriffs and Trade, 1964
255 Technitrol, 1963
255 Telemax Corp., 1964
255 Teleregister Corp., 1964
255 Traffic, 1964
255 Travelers Insurance Co., 1964
255 United States Government, 1963-64
255 UNIVAC Users Association, 1964
255 Universities, 1963-65
Box
256 Phila. Operations Manual, 1962
IV. Technical Documents, 1946-1972
Scope and Content
Documents in this series trace the technological history of electronic data processing at Sperry Rand From the 1950s to the mid 1970s, as they describe the development of five generations of computers. The archive traces the evolving relationship between hardware and software. It shows that the earliest programs for the ENIAC were done in a machine language that mirrored the physical construction of the computer. With the introduction of stored programs, full computer languages such as COBOL were developed. The records document the development of the UNIVAC algebraic short language code by Grace Hopper in the early 1950s. Software publications files trace innovations in UNIVAC software from 1958 to 1970 and show how software engineers sought to maximize hardware potential.
A. Chronological File, 1946-1975
Box
261 Automatic Sorting, 1946 April
261 Sorting and Collating - Lecture #22 J.W. Mauchly, 1946 September
261 Electronic Arithmetic - EMCC Personnel, 1947 March 19
261 Report on the UNIVAC Outline, 1947 July 13
261 Report on the UNIVAC Ch. 1-2, 1947 July 15
261 Report on the UNIVAC Ch. 3, 1947 July
261 Report on the UNIVAC Ch. 3 revised, 1947 July
261 Report on the EDVAC Pt. 1, 1947 July
261 Report on the EDVAC Pt. 2, 1947 July
261 Report on the EDVAC Pt. 3, 1947 July
261 Report on the EDVAC Pt. 4, 1947 July
261 Report on the UNIVAC Ch. 1-2, 1948 May 17
261 Schedule “D” UNITAPE Demonstration, 1948 June 17
261 Questions and Answers on Bureau of Standards Binary Computer, 1948 July 19
261 The BINAC Binary Computer - Input and Output, 1948 July 29
261 BINAC - Questions and Answers, 1948 August 3
261 Analysis of UNIVAC Instructions, 1948
261 Arithmetic Operations in a Binary Computer - Shaw, 1948
261 Electronic Memory Schematics, 1948
261 Institute of Advanced Study Code - Princeton Univ., 1948
261 Programming for the UNIVAC Pt. 1, Ch. 3-4, 1948
261 Preparation and Characteristics of Magnetic Recording Surfaces, 1949 January 7
261 Coding of Laplace Boundary Valve Problem for UNIVAC, 1949 January
261 A Dynamically Regenerated Memory Tube - Eckert, Lukoff, Smoliar, 1949 March 8
261 A Dynamically Regenerated Memory Tube - Eckert, Lukoff, Smoliar, revised, 1949 April 1
261 Standard Circuits and Design Practices, 1949 April 14
261 Report: Saturable-Core Reactors as Digital Computer Elements, 1949 June 17
261 Programming for the UNIVAC Pt. 2, 1949 July 20
261 Technical Papers by Corp. People (8-49 thru 5.54), 1949 August
261 UNISERVO Engineering Report, 1949 September 30
Box
262 Functional Description of the EDVAC Pt. 1, 2, 1949 November 1
262 Prudential Mortality Study, 1949 November 9
262 Considerations Affecting a Very High Speed Digital Computer, 1949
262 Navy Model CXPK Appendix A-G, 1949
262 UNIVAC Drawings & Report - Arithmetic & Memory Circuits Revised, 1950 January 4
262 Remarks on the Problem of Approximating the Roots of Polynominal Equations with Approximate Coefficients J.W. Mauchly, 1950 January 15
262 Solutions of Matrix Equations of High Order by an Automatic Computer, 1950 February 2
262 The UNIVAC - Revised Description for Engineering Research Associates, Inc. (ERA) Report, 1950 February 21
262 Design Features of a Magnetic Drum Information Storage System, 1950 March 28
262 ERA Magnetic Storage Systems, 1950 May 26
262 UNIVAC Drawings & Report - Arithmetic & Memory Circuits, 1950 May
262 UNIVAC Course, Pts. 1, 2, 3., 1950 July 15
262 Preliminary Description of UNIVAC, 1950 July 19
262 The Potentialities of Transistors in Digital Computer Circuits, 1950 July 20
262 The Construction & Characteristics of a Non-contact Electromagnetic Recording & Reproducing Head, 1950 August 7
262 Subroutines for the Calculation of Denominated Payroll Envelopes, 1950 August 15
262 High Speed Writing & Selective Altering of Digital Information on Magnetic Surfaces, 1950 September 1
262 Poisson Equation, 1950 September 22
262 High Frequency Loss Loops for Saturable Magnetic Cores, 1950 October 30
262 Collation Methods for the UNIVAC Vol. 1, 2., 1950 December 8
262 Third and Final Collation Report Releases, 1950
262 Design Criteria for Practicle Logical Networks, 1950
262 UNIVAC Programming Ch. 4 - Outline, 1950
262 Analyzer Routine, 1950
262 An Introduction to the UNIVAC System, 1950
Box
263 Types of Magnetic Amplifers - A Survey, 1951 January 24
263 Reference Guide to the UNIVAC System, 1951 January; (5 papers)
263 New Old Faithful, 1951 February 7
263 High Frequency Effective Incremental Permeability Data for Saturable Magnetic Cores, 1951 May 17
263 Premium Billing “B” Change Run, 1951 August 15
263 Premium Billing “B” Change Run, Vol. 2, 1951 August 15
263 The UNIVAC System - A Paper by J.R. Weiner, 1951 December 10
263 Test Routines, 1951 December 15
263 Description of the Aviation Supply Office Demonstration Problem, 1951
263 Theoretical Study of Dither, 1951
263 National Bureau of Standards Report #2045, 1951
263 Utility Routines, 1951
263 Interim Development Report #1 for Packaged Magnetic Digital Computer Assemblies (3-30 thru 6-30), 1952 March 30
263 A Vacuum Tube Program Based on Experience in the UNIVAC, 1952 March 31
263 General Purpose Digital Computers, 1952 May 2
263 A Description of the Operation of the Plugboard Computer, 1952 June 23
263 Description of the PBC Plugboard, 1952 July 22
263 Master Generating Routine for 2-way Sorting, 1952 September 3
263 UNIVAC Sort Code, 1952 October 24
263 Permanent Magnetic Biasing and Erasing, 1952 November 15
263 Report #6: On the Minimum Requirements of an Electrostatic Storage Tube, 1952 November
263 How UNIVAC Predicted the Election for CBS-TV, 1952 December 15
263 The UNIVAC Input-Output System, 1952 December
263 Application of the UNIVAC Fac-tronic System to Election Prediction, 1952
263 UNIVAC Optical Scanning Punch, 1952
263 Random Number Generation & Other Papers, 1952
Box
264 Engineering Problems Solved on the UNIVAC, 1953 January 9
264 Coding, Flow Sheets, 1953 January 17
264 Preliminary Specifications for Installation and Cooling System of UNIVAC #4, 1953 January 26
264 Services Routines SR-200 Complete Set, 1953 January
Box
265 Application of the UNIVAC to Air Force Programming, 1953 March 17
265 Card to Tape Converter Final Evaluation Report, 1953 April 17
265 A History of Magnetic Recording, 1953 June
265 Magnetic Recording Head Design for UNIVAC, 1953 July 23
265 Matrix Multiplication on the ERA 1103 Computer, 1953 September 1
265 Storage Class Control in the ERA 1103 Computer, 1953 September 1
265 Product Improvement - High Speed Magnetic Storage Techniques, 1953 October 7
265 Tables of the Internal Magnetic Source Functions Un for Thick Solenoids & Disk Coils, 1953 October
265 Growth of Ferroelectric Crystals, 1953 November 9
265 Second Workshop on UNIVAC Automatic Programming, 1953 December 1
265 Compiling Routines, 1953 December 31
265 A Survey of Automatic Digital Computers - 1953 Office of Naval Research, 1953
265 Eckert - Mauchly Division of Remington Rand, Inc., 1954 March 15
265 Instruction Manual for the Magnetic Drum Service Unit, 1954 April 20
265 A Survey of Automatic Coding Techniques for Digital Computers, 1954 May
265 Card to Tape Converter Logical Description, 1954 July 20
265 FLIP - A Floating Point Subroutine System for the ERA 1103 Computer, 1954 August 4
265 Subroutines and Service Routines for ERA 1103 Computer, 1954 September 15
265 Performance Records - Card to Tape, 1954 October 15
265 Card to Tape Converter II - Test Guide & Final Report, 1954 November 10
265 Proposed Computer System Development Program for Remington Rand, Inc., 1954 November 23
265 A Self-Checking High Speed Printer, 1954 December 8
265 The UNIVAC System: A 1954 Progress Report, 1954
265 Electrical Design-General Considerations, 1955 January 5
265 Operating Principles of the UNIVAC File Computer, 1955 February 7
265 409-3 D.C. Power Supplies, Sola CV Type, 1955 February 15
265 Technical Papers by Corp. People (3-55 thru 7-55), 1955 March 1
265 The Second Generation by J.P. Eckert, Jr., 1955 March 1
265 Card to Tape Evaluation Report, 1955 April 6
265 Minutes of Conference Between Bell Labs and Rem. Rand, 1955 April 29
265 RACER - A Proposed Rating System for Electronic Components and Devices, 1955 April 29
265 Logical Design of the Remington Rand High Speed Printer With Emphasis on the Checking and Editing Features, 1955 April
265 Germanium Element Magnetostrictive Memory Automatic Computers (GEMMAC) Building Blocks, 1955 May
265 High Speed Printer, 1955 June 7
265 Preliminary Description of the UNIVAC Calculating Tabulator (UCT), 1955 July 28
265 Specifications for the UNIVAC Tape Verifier, 1955 August 1
265 Tower Card Feed Synchronizer Circuits - Technical Desc., 1955 August 14
265 Deposited Core Matrix, 1955 September 13
265 Automatic Routines for Commercial Installations, 1955 September 14
265 Progress Report #5 AFCRC Computer, 1955 October 1
265 Pre-Installation Requirements for UNIVAC Equipment, 1955 October
265 A Study of the Properties of Magnetic Materials at High Frequencies, 1955 October 31
265 A Study of the Inductance and Loss Properties of Transformer Core Materials in the Megacycle Range, 1955 October 31
265 Progress Reports - Norwalk Laboratory, 1955 December
265 UNIVAC Engineering Calulator, 1955
265 AFCRC Logical (Description), 1955
Box
266 Operating Principles of the UNIVAC File Computer, 1956 January 1
266 Card to Tape Converter - Technical Bulletin, 1956 January 6
266 Deposited Core Matrix - Progress Report #3, 1956 January 13
266 Progress Reports - Eckert-Mauchly Section, 1956 January
266 Progress Reports Rem. Rand UNIVAC - Norwalk, 1956 January
266 Power Supply Investigation, 1956 February 8
266 UNIVAC File Computer Proposed Specifications, 1956 February 21
266 Preliminary Description of the UNIVAC Revised, 1956 February
266 Progress Reports - Eckert-Mauchly Section, 1956 February
266 Progress Reports - Rem. Rand UNIVAC - Norwalk, 1956 February
266 Circuit Diagrams of ERA Transistorized Drum & Core Memory Units, 1956 February-March
266 Engineering Transistor Design Data, 1956 March 6
266 Specifications for a Large Scale, High Speed Computer System (LARC), 1956 March 9
266 Deposited Core Matrix Progress Report #4, 1956 March 13
266 Investigations of Magnetic Amplifiers with Feedback, 1956 March 15
266 General Description of the AFCRC Cambridge Computer Pt. 1, 1956 March 16
266 Progress Reports Eckert-Mauchly Section, 1956 March
266 Progress Reports Rem. Rand UNIVAC - Norwalk, 1956 March
266 A Sensitive Single-Turn Hysteresis-Loop Tester, 1956 April 5
266 Diagnostic Routine for the Cambridge Computer, 1956 April 16
266 Equipment Specifications for a Large Scale, High Speed Computer System, 1956 April 16
266 Preliminary Functional Specifications for UNIVAC Calculating Tabulator, 1956 April 17
266 Investigation of Transistor and Transistor/Magnetic-Core Circuitry for High Speed Digital Computer Applications, 1956 April 30
266 Progress Reports Eckert-Mauchly Section, 1956 April
266 Progress Reports Rem. Rand UNIVAC - Norwalk, 1956 April
266 Deposited Core Matrix Progress Report #5, 1956 May 13
266 Automatic Package-Diode Tester, 1956 May 15
266 Progress Reports Eckert-Mauchly Section, 1956 May
266 Progress Reports Rem. Rand Univc - Norwalk, 1956 May
266 Equipment Specifications for UNIVAC-LARC, 1956 May
266 UNIVAC Maintenance Conference - Sprinfield, Ill., 1956 June 11
266 Buffer Memory Drawings - St. Paul, 1956 June 21
266 Progress Reports Eckert-Mauchly Section, 1956 June
266 Progress Reports Rem. Ran UNIVAC - Norwalk, 1956 June
266 Analysis of Instructions UNIVAC I, 1956 July 11
Box
267 Elapsed Time Punch, 1956 July 12
267 Deposited Core Matrix Progress Report #6, 1956 July 13
267 Semiconductor Notes #1, 1956 July 30
267 Progress Reports Eckert-Mauchly Section, 1956 July
267 Progress Reports Rem. Rand UNIVAC - Norwalk, 1956 July
267 General Description of the AFCRC Cambridge Computer Pt. 2, 1956 August 15
267 IBM Card Stock Characteristics and Distribution, 1956 August 20
267 UNIVAC Card to Tape Converter - Reading & Feeding Problems Related to Inks of Various Types, 1956 August 21
267 Progress Reports Eckert-Mauchly Section, 1956 August
267 Progress Reports Rem. Rand UNIVAC - Norwalk, 1956 August
267 Program Analysis of the 8C1 Model Interpreter Mfg. by Intelligent Machines Research, 1956 September 7
267 Regression Analysis on the UNIVAC Using the Matrix Math Tape, 1956 September 12
267 Magnetics in UNIVAC II, 1956 September 15
267 AFCRC Magnetic Computer Final Engineering Report, 1956 September 30
267 The Exchange Register, 1956 September
267 Equipment Specifications for a High Speed Data Display and Recorder for UNIVAC-Larc, 1956 September
267 Progress Reports Eckert-Mauchly Section, 1956 September
267 Progress Reports Rem. Rand UNIVAC - Norwalk, 1956 September
267 Analysis of UNIVAC Instructions (reprint), 1956 October 3
267 Preliminary Characteristics of Operator's Console for Model 1 UNIVAC File Computer, 1956 October 17
267 UNIVAC Scientific General Purpose Computer System - Content of Registers, 1956 October
267 UNIVAC Scientific General Purpose Computer System - Timing Sequences, 1956 October
267 Progress Reports Eckert-Mauchly Section, 1956 October
267 Progress Reports Rem. Rand UNIVAC - Norwalk, 1956 October
267 Deposited Core Matrix - Progress Report #7, 1956 November 13
267 Progress Reports Eckert-Mauchly Section, 1956 November
267 Progress Reports Rem. Rand UNIVAC - Norwalk, 1956 November
Box
268 Toll Ticket Reader and Recorder - Final Report, 1956 December 1
268 Threshold Methods in Linear Programming, 1956 December 20
268 Installation Requirements for Peripheral Equipment for the UNIVAC Scientific General Purpose Computer System, 1956 December
268 Progress Reports Eckert-Mauchly Section, 1956 December
268 Progress Reports Rem. Rand UNIVAC - Norwalk, 1956 December
268 Drum and Head Cleaning Procedure FH880 Magnetic Drum Unit, 1956
268 The Generation of High Speed Clock Using a Traveling Wave Oscillator, 1956
268 B-O Development, 1956
268 Calculation of Storage Time in a Transistor, 1956
268 Development of a Magnetic Switch Building Block, 1956
268 UNIVAC II Specifications, 1957 January 16
268 Installation Manual for the UNIVAC II Card to Tape Converter, 1957 January 31
268 Series Pulse Magnetic Amplifiers, 1957 February 1
268 Model 1 UNIVAC File Computer Specifications, 1957 February 8
268 Deposited Core Matrix Progress Report #8, 1957 February 15
268 Preliminary Functional Specifications for UNIVAC Calculating Tabulator (UCT), 1957 February 18
268 Report on B Zero Complier System, 1957 February 19
268 Spring-Brake Tape-Transport System for UNIVAC Auxiliary Equipment, 1957 February
268 Floating Point Arithmetic in the UNIVAC Scientific Model 1103A, 1957 March 8
268 Verifier Training Course, 1957 March 13
268 A Summary Report on a Study of Check Mutilation, 1957 March 15
268 Simplified UNIVAC Specifications, 1957 March 28
268 A Transistorized Inhibit Plane Driver, 1957 April 18
268 Preliminary Manual for Math-Matic and Arith-Matic Systems, 1957 April 19
268 Design Standards, 1957 April 25
268 Introduction to the UNIVAC Calculating Tabulator - Tech. Memo #34, 1957 April 26
268 Weather Map Calculations, 1957 May 28
268 Report of Ferrite Memory Core Evaluation Program, 1957 May 31
268 Manual of Design and Drafting Standards (Proposed), 1957 June 11
268 Report on UNIVAC Calculating Tabulator Product Line, 1957 June 30
268 2052 Incremental Computer Instruction Manual Vol. I Theory of Operation, 1957 June
268 Review of LARC Fabrication Costs, 1957 June
268 Spring-Brake Tape-Transport System for UNIVAC Auxillary Equipment, 1957 June
268 Eigenvalves and Eigenvectors of General Matrixes, 1957 July 1
268 The Flow-Matic Compiling System Preliminary Manual, 1957 July 1
268 A Double-Item Inhibiting Device, 1957 July 9
268 The Expanded UNIVAC Calculating Tabulator: A Proposal to Management, 1957 July 15
268 UNIVAC High-Speed Printer, 1957 July
Box
269 Design Guide for Reliable Computers, 1957 August 2
269 LARC Transistor Specifications, 1957 August 5
269 UNIVAC Calculating Tabulator-Magnetic Drum Storage Circuitry, 1957 August 8
269 B-Zero UNIVAC I Progress Reports, 1957 August 9
269 Tower Card Feed Synchronizer Circuits, 1957 August 14
269 UNIVAC Scientific Exchange - USEFUL Notes, 1957 August 15
269 UCT Notebook, 1957 August 16
269 Components and Standards Dept. Reports (8/26/57-5/6/59), 1957 August 26
269 MCS-1 Modification to the Basic Computer, 1957 August
269 Theory of Operation Basic Computer - UNIVAC Scientific General-Purpose Computer System, 1957 August
269 DS 63 Commutator Unit Report, 1957 September 4
269 Deposited Core Matrix Progress Report #10, 1957 September 15
269 A Proposal to Management for the Development of a Magnetic Computer System of Extended Capabilities, 1957 September 18
269 Instruction and Operating Manual - Automatic Core Tester, 1957 September 30
269 UNIVAC File Computer System Model 10 - Introduction and General Description, 1957 September
269 External Function Instruction Modification to the Basic Computer, 1957 September