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Andrew Clow & Co. records
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Andrew Clow & Co. records

Accession 0650

Manuscripts and Archives Department, Hagley Museum and Library


PO Box 3630
Wilmington, Delaware, 19807
302-658-2400
research@hagley.org

This finding aid was produced using the Archivists' Toolkit 2014-03-19T11:20-0400

Finding aid prepared using best local practices and Describing Archives: A Content Standard

Cite items for this collection in the following format:
[Description and dates], Box/folder number, Andrew Clow & Co. records (Accession 0650), Hagley Museum and Library, Wilmington, DE 19807

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Descriptive Summary

Title: Andrew Clow & Co. records
Dates: 1784-1835
Accession Number: 0650
Creator: Andrew Clow & Co.
Extent: 420 items
Language of Material: Materials primarily in English. Some items in French.
Repository: Hagley Museum and Library: Manuscripts and Archives Department
Abstract: The Philadelphia mercantile firm of Andrew Clow & Company conducted trade with Great Britain, France, Germany, Spain, the West Indies and coastal ports south of Philadelphia. The records consist of parts of 15 separate dealer's lots of papers of and about Andrew Clow & Company.
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Administrative Information


Provenance

Purchased in dealers lots between 1964 and 1973.

Access Restrictions

The collection is open for research.

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Historical Note

The Philadelphia mercantile firm of Andrew Clow & Company was active in the period after the close of the Revolutionary War. It conducted trade with Great Britain, France, Germany, Spain, the West Indies and coastal ports south of Philadelphia. It exported flour, grain, sugar, tobacco, and other commodities and imported a wide variety of goods, especially textiles (including calico, chintz, sheeting, worsted and hosiery) from Great Britain, wine and brandy from France, and wine, raisins and almonds from Spain. Both Andrew Clow and his partner, David Cay, died in the great yellow fever epidemic of 1793.

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Scope and Content

The records include invoices, receipts and correspondence with various merchants, including Matthew McGown & Co. (London), Patrick Morrogh & Co. (Corunna, Spain), B. Doüat, Labate & Planté (Bilbao, Spain), Rathbone & Benson (Liverpool), Corrie, Gladstone & Bradshaw (Liverpool), Parish & Co. (Hamburg), B. Martin l'ainé & Cie (Montpelier, France), James Brown (Richmond) and William Wilson & Co. (Alexandria, Va.). There are also letters, mainly of Andrew Clow, David Cay, Edward Hewitt, John Brown, John Travis, William Cramond, William Sonntag, Josiah Watson & Co., Philips, Cramond & Co. and Leamy & Holmes, primarily discussing the payment of debts and market perturbations of the early 1790s.

Many of the papers relate to the settlement of the estates of Andrew Clow and David Cay, including correspondence with creditors, especially Thomas Astley, statements of executors, and accounts. There is a bill of complaint and other papers relating to a suit by Cay's executors against Joseph Hadfield of London.

Also included are: a letter of James Matthews (1790) concerning the correct type of barrel in which to ship flour; record of goods shipped from Liverpool in the ship Grange; data on trade in wine and brandy from France and shipment into that country of Virginia tobacco, sugar, rice, mahogany, logwood, coffee, cacao, and codfish from America (1804); notice of the Privy Council of Great Britain prohibiting the importation of foreign wheat and flour (1790), sale of coffee, sugar and tobacco at Hamburg (1793); and account with Morris & Miercken for sugar (1793).

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Arrangement

Arranged in 15 dealers lots in order of purchase.

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Series Descriptions and Inventory

Accession 650, 1789-1813
67 items
Box
1 Commercial notes from various cities in Virginia
Box
1 Letter from Clow's creditors, 1813
Accession 656, 1787-1811
55 items
Box
1 Memos for the supply of ships
Box
1 Notes
Box
1 Schedule of Clow's estate
Accession 720, 1784-1793
128 items
Box
1 Correspondence
Box
1 Invoices
Box
1 Papers regarding David Cay's bankruptcy
Box
1 Accounts of Clow's estate with Thomas Astley, William Cramond, et al.
Accession 907, 1790
1 item
Box
1 Letter from B. Doüat, Labate & Company of Bilbao, Spain, regarding the sale of goods
Accession 1003, 1784-1806
4 items
Box
5 Letters from George Mitchell to A. Clow re: textiles, 1784-1785; 11 items
Box
5 Letters from H. McCausland, Fredericksburg, Md. to A. Clow [Mentions John Campbell, a stocking weaver.], 1790 January 7, 1790 Febuary 9; 2 items
Box
5 A. Clow & Co. shipping invoice for engine, account of Thomas Anderson, 1792, 1806
Box
5 Copper, brass, tin ware [Invoice of sundries shipped in Ceres out of Liverpool to Philadelphia for A. Clow and others.], 1792
Accession 1063, 1785-1796
20 items
Box
1 Correspondence
Box
1 Checks
Box
1 Bills and accounts
Accession 1097, 1785-1811
86 items
Box
1 Bills
Box
1 Orders
Box
1 Estate papers of David Cay
Accession 1144, 1785-1796
16 items
Scope and Content
Consists primarily of correspondence and estate papers.
Box
1 Letter of Jas. Mushell re sale of merchandise, 1785
Box
1 Letter of of Josiah Watson & Co. introducing Mr. Jonathan Swift, 1790
Box
1 Letter of Emory Sudler, Jr. re his debt to Andrew Clow & Co., 1790
Box
1 Letter of Josiah Watson & Co. introducing William Thompson, 1790
Box
1 Letter of Beheua Liddell acknowledging receipt of loan of $400, 1790
Box
1 Letter of of Josiah Watson & Co. introducing Ben. Harrison, 1790
Box
1 Letter of Rathbone & Benson (Liverpool, England) with list of goods shipped in the ship Grange. Also refers to insurance of these goods., 1790
Box
1 Letter of James Brown introducing James Donald Smith, 1790
Box
1 Letter of John Brown re bills of lading, 1790
Box
1 Letter of John Brown re bills of lading, 1790
Box
1 Letter of James Matthews re correct type of barrels in which to ship flour, 1790
Box
1 Letter of Josiah Watson introducing Charles Young, 1793
Box
1 Bill of Myers & Snyder to Estate of Andrew Clow & Co. for the Brig Lavinia, 1793
Box
1 Statement of the account of Andrew Clow & Co. with Robert Bridges, 1795
Box
1 Statement of Andrew Greer and William Tutons' account with Andrew Clow & Co. (Estate of ), 1794
Box
1 Letter of Archibald Campbell to Mr. Arthur Jones (agent for the Estate of Andrew Clow & Co.) re Estate of Andrew Clow & Co., 1796
Accession 1197
1 item
Box
1 Letter from B. Martin l'ainé & Cie regarding market conditions and prices
Accession 1215, 1784-1796
Box
1 Advertisements and circulars addressed to Clow
Accession 1247, 1790 October 14 - 1793 November 22
12 items
Box
1 Bank drafts
Box
1 Insurance policy for the cargo of the ship Favorite
Accession 1303, 1786-1793
Box
1 Correspondence with other merchants
Accession 1329, 1793
Box
1 Bank of the United States check for $7,177
Accession 1332, 1785-1795
6 items
Box
1 Accounts
Box
1 Correspondence
Accession 1369, 1790
1 item
Box
1 Insurance policy for a ship